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Saadat Ali Khan (b. c. 1680 – d. 19 March 1739) was the Subahdar Nawab of Awadh (Oudh) from 26 January 1722 to 1739,[2] and the son of Muhammad Nasir.[3] At the age of 25 he accompanied his father Muhammad Nasir and joined the final campaign of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb against the Maratha in the Deccan, where the Mughal Emperor honorably awarded him the title Khan Bahadur for his steadfast services.

Life

Sa'adat Khan was born Muhammad Amin Musawi, the son of Muhammad Nasir Musawi, a Shia Muslim merchant of Khurasan[4] and descendant of Musa al-Kadhim. His grandfather, a wealthy merchant, migrated to India during the reign of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. Saadat Ali Khan I's father became a very prominent official during the rule of Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah I.[4] He was the progenitor of the Nawabs of Awadh (through female lineage).[4]

Career

At the commencement of the emperor Muhammad Shah's reign he held the faujdari (garrison commander) of Bayana.[4] He made an unsuccessful effort to relieve the trapped Mughal Army during the Battle of Bhopal.

He was one of the commanding Mughal generals in the Battle of Karnal against Nadir Shah.[4] Sa'adat Khan was captured during the battle of Karnal , later on he became the general of Nadir Shah Army which marched to Delhi , however he committed suicide when Nadir shah admonished him and First Nizam of Hyderabad to drink poison and die to put Mughal empire at stake for their vested interest. Sa`adat khan took it literally and died on the night prior to the massacre of Delhi by Nadir Shah on 19 March 1739. He was buried at Delhi in the mausoleum of his brother in Law Sayadat Khan.[4]

Issue and succession

Saadat Khan had five daughters but no son. He gave his eldest daughter in marriage to his nephew Muhammad Muqim, better known as Safdar Jung. Saadat Khan's sister was Safdar Jung's mother; his father was Sayadat Khan, a descendant of Qara Yusuf. Safdar Jung succeeded Saadat Khan as ruler of Awadh.[4] All subsequent Nawab of Avadh down to Wajid Ali Shah are thus descended from Saadat Khan, through his daughter.

Timeline

Preceded by
--
Mughal Governor of Agra
15 Oct 1720 – 9 Sep 1722
Succeeded by
--
Preceded by
--
Mughal Governor of Awadh
9 Sep 1722 – 1732
Succeeded by
--
Preceded by
new creation
Subadar Nawab of Awadh
1732 – 19 Mar 1739
Succeeded by
Abu´l Mansur Mohammad Moqim Khan

Notes

  1. ^ title after death

References

External links