Sa'd ibn Mu'adh (Arabic: سعد ابن معاذ) (c.591-627) was
the chief of the Aws tribe in
v t e
Campaigns of Muhammad
Ghazwah (expeditions where he took part)
Abwa Buwat Safwan Dul 1st Badr Kudr Sawiq Qaynuqa Thi Bahran Uhud Asad Nadir 2nd Nejd 2nd Badr Jandal Trench Qurayza Lahyan Mustaliq Treaty Khaybar Fadak Qura Dhat Baqra Mecca Hunayn Autas Ta'if Tabouk
1 Family 2 Biography
2.1 Acceptance of Islam 2.2 Confrontation with Abu Jahl and start of Badr hostilities 2.3 Battle of Badr 2.4 Battle of Uhud 2.5 Battle of Trench and Qurayza
3 Legacy 4 Notes 5 References
Sa'd was born in
“The leader whom his people follow has come to you” As’ad said Mus’ab. So Mus’ab said to him what he had said to Usayd, Sa’d stuck his lance into the ground, and sat down. The same thing happened again [ie. Conversion to Islam] and he went to his people’s meeting place accompanied by Usayd [who had converted earlier]. When they saw him coming they said: “We swear by Allah, Sa’d has returned with a different impression.” And when he reached them he asked them how they knew what had happened to him. They replied “You are our Chief, the most active in our interests, the best in your judgement, and the most fortunate in leadership.” He then said: “I will not speak to a man or a woman among you until you believe in Allah and his Apostle.” As a result every man and woman among the Banu Abdul-Ashhal joined Islam.
Confrontation with Abu Jahl and start of Badr hostilities
Prior to the Battle of Badr, Sa’d had visited Mecca once to perform
his Umra with his non-Muslim friend Umayah ibn Khalaf, when they came
across Abu Jahl. They had an argument, and as it became heated, Sa'd
threatened Abu Jahl with preventing his safe passage through
From Sa`d bin Mu`adh: Sa`d bin Mu`adh was an intimate friend of Umaiya
bin Khalaf and whenever Umaiya passed through Medina, he used to stay
with Sa`d, and whenever Sa`d went to Mecca, he used to stay with
When Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) arrived at Medina, Sa`d went to perform
`Umra and stayed at Umaiya's home in Mecca. He said to Umaiya, "Tell
me of a time when (the Mosque) is empty so that I may be able to
perform Tawaf around the Ka`ba." So Umaiya went with him about midday.
Abu Jahl met them and said, "O Abu Safwan! Who is this man
accompanying you?" He said, "He is Sa`d." Abu Jahl addressed Sa`d
saying, "I see you wandering about safely in Mecca inspite of the fact
that you have given shelter to the people who have changed their
religion (i.e. became Muslims) and have claimed that you will help
them and support them. By Allah, if you were not in the company of Abu
Safwan, you would not be able to go your family safely." Sa`d, raising
his voice, said to him, "By Allah, if you should stop me from doing
this (i.e. performing Tawaf) I would certainly prevent you from
something which is more valuable for you, that is, your passage
through Medina." On this, Umaiya said to him, "O Sa`d do not raise
your voice before Abu-l-Hakam, the chief of the people of the Valley
(of Mecca)." Sa`d said, "O Umaiya, stop that! By Allah, I have heard
Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) predicting that the Muslim will kill you."
Umaiya asked, "In Mecca?" Sa`d said, "I do not know." Umaiya was
greatly scared by that news.
When Umaiya returned to his family, he said to his wife, "O Um Safwan!
Don't you know what Sa`d told me? "She said, "What has he told you?"
He replied, "He claims that
When the Muslim army missed the caravan and the Quraysh army, between nine hundred and one thousand strong, helmeted and drawing closer, Abu Bakr stood up and said something good. Several more Muhajirun also spoke, all the while the Messenger of Allah repeated: "advise me, O Muslims!", inquiring of what the Ansar, the majority then, had to say. Then Sa`d bin Mu`adh said, "It looks like you mean us, O Messenger of Allah! By He Who has sent you with the Truth! Never think that we will leave you to fight alone, if it is even out of bonds. And I take a Oath with you as the head of Ansaar, You give us what you want, You Collect from us what we have. You take us any where you want, you push us in any battle, We will defend you, defend till our last breath. No arrow can touch you, until it passes through our chests. We have tied a relationship of life and death with you. If you seek to cross the seas or go in it, We will follow Your Command and none among us will remain behind. We are patient in war, vicious in battle. May Allah allow you to witness from our efforts what comforts your eyes. Therefore, march forward with the blessing of Allah. Then Miqdad RA continued... By God ! We will not say, as the disciples of Prophet Moses (Jews) said "You and Your Allah go and fight with infidels, we are sitting right here." We will surround your left, right, front, back and protect you in every cause and every battle. We will die first, before enemy reaches you. We would not dislike that you lead us to meet your enemy tomorrow. The Messenger of Allah was pleased with the words of Sa`d and was encouraged to march on. 
Battle of Uhud
Sa'd was one of the few companions who remained on the battlefield,
when the Meccans led
Khalid bin Walid
Some people (i.e. the Jews of Bani bin Quraiza) agreed to accept the verdict of Sad bin Muadh so the Prophet sent for him (i.e. Sa'd bin Muadh). He came riding a donkey, and when he approached the Mosque, the Prophet said, "Get up for the best amongst you." or said, "Get up for your chief." Then the Prophet said, "O Sa'd! These people have agreed to accept your verdict." Sa'd said, "I judge that their warriors should be killed and their children and women should be taken as captives." The Prophet said, "You have given a judgment similar to Allah's Judgment (or the King's judgment)."
Sa'd had been wounded in the earlier battles, and was on the verge of death. Sa'd succumbed to the wounds and died after returning to Medina. Legacy He dutifully served as a member of the Muslim community and even commanded military campaigns for the Prophet during his lifetime. Saad is said to have been a stern, just and passionate man, willing to impulsively fight for what he believed in. In Muslim history, he is well regarded as a noble companion who enjoyed a close relationship with the Prophet.
I heard the Prophet saying, "The Throne (of Allah) shook at the death of Saad bin Muadh." Through another group of narrators, Jabir added, "I heard the Prophet : saying, 'The Throne of the Beneficent shook because of the death of Saad bin Muadh."
Even after his death
A silken cloth was given as a present to the Prophet . His companions started touching it and admiring its softness. The Prophet said, "Are you admiring its softness? The handkerchiefs of Sad bin Muadh (in Paradise) are better and softer than it."
^ When you march up to attack a city, make its people an offer of peace. If they accept and open their gates, all the people in it shall be subject to forced labor and shall work for you. If they refuse to make peace and they engage you in battle, lay siege to that city. When the Lord your God delivers it into your hand, put to the sword all the men in it. As for the women, the children, the livestock and everything else in the city, you may take these as plunder for yourselves. And you may use the plunder the Lord your God gives you from your enemies. This is how you are to treat all the cities that are at a distance from you and do not belong to the nations nearby. However, in the cities of the nations the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance, do not leave alive anything that breathes. Completely destroy them—the Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites—as the Lord your God has commanded you. Otherwise, they will teach you to follow all the detestable things they do in worshiping their gods, and you will sin against the Lord your God.(Deut. 20: 10-18)
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