Coordinates: 43°00′N 131°51′E / 43.00°N 131.85°E /
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Native name: Остров Русский
Russky Island in the Eastern Bosphorus
Eastern Bosphorus, Sea of Japan
976 km2 (377 sq mi)
291,2 m (9,554 ft)
54,918 /km2 (142,237 /sq mi)
A view of the beach at Philippovsky Bay,
Russky Island (2008).
Russky Island (Russian: Ру́сский о́стров, lit. Russian
Island ) is an island in
Peter the Great Gulf
Peter the Great Gulf in the Sea of Japan, in
the city of Vladivostok, Primorsky Krai, Russia. It is the largest
island in the Eugénie Archipelago, separated from the
Muravyov-Amursky Peninsula immediately to the north by the Eastern
Bosphorus, and is one of the four islands in
Primorsky Krai that are
permanently inhabited with a population of 5360 (2010).
Russky Island is home to
Far Eastern Federal University
Far Eastern Federal University and the
southern span of the Russky Bridge, the world's longest cable-stayed
bridge, connecting the island across the
Eastern Bosphorus to the
mainland portion of Vladivostok.
4 See also
6 External links
Russky Island is located about 9,334 kilometres east of Moscow, the
capital of Russia. It is the largest island in Primorsky Krai, with
about a quarter of its area being the Saperny Peninsula, which forms
much of the north and east of the island, and the closest part to the
Bay is a long and thin bay located between the Saperny
Peninsula and the remainder of the island.
A view of the
Eastern Bosphorus with the
Russky Bridge visible, seen
Far Eastern Federal University
Far Eastern Federal University campus.
Russky Island is the largest and northernmost island in the Eugénie
Archipelago, a cluster of small islands and islets south of the
Muravyov-Amursky Peninsula that extend to the southwest for about
40 km. Major neighboring islands in the archipelago include Shkot
Island to the south,
Popov Island (7 km long, 4.3 km wide),
Reyneke Island (3.4 km across), and
Rikord Island (4.1 km
long and less than 2 km wide) to the south-west. There are many
small islets and sea stacks scattered between them.
Shkot Island is
the only island in the archipelago connected to
Russky Island by land,
as a thin isthmus forms a land bridge during low tide.
Russky Mountain, 291 meters above sea level, is the highest point of
Russky Island and the Eugénie Archipelago, and one of the highest
peaks of Vladivostok. It is located in the northern part of the
island, near the south-western shore of the Novik Bay. The source of
the Russky River is on the southern slope of the mountain.
The first map to feature
Russky Island was published in
1859, although only the western and northern shores of the island were
shown. It became a part of the
Russian Empire the follow year in 1860
after the Convention of Peking, when it was ceded by Qing China as
part of the region unofficially known as Outer Manchuria. The island
was named Russky Island, meaning "Russian Island", by Nikolay
Muravyov-Amursky, the Governor-General of Eastern Siberia. The island
was charted in its entirety by an expedition lead by the cartographer
Lieutenant Colonel Vasily Babkin in 1862, as part of the survey of
Peter the Great gulf after its acquisition. A map featuring the whole
island was published in 1865 with the name Kazakevich Island, in
honour of Petr Kazakevich, the military governor of Primorskaya
Russky Island and Kazakevich Island was both used
interchangeably until after World War II, when it was permanently
changed to only Russky Island.[better source needed]
By 1889, Fort Pospelov had been built on the island as part of the
Vladivostok Fortress complex, as developed by Colonel K. I. Velichko.
Over several years, the initial temporary wooden structures were
gradually replaced with stone structures. Fort Russky was built on
Russky Mountain, near the highest point on the island, between 1898 to
1903. The fort was built in an irregular trapezoid shape, with
numerous artillery batteries which were meant to be able to fire into
almost all the bays of Russky island in case of invasion. During the
Soviet era the island was a closed territory and was home to several
military installations, and became one of the largest training areas
for the Soviet Navy.
Russky Island became the scene of a political scandal when
four soldiers of the
Russian Navy serving at an isolated garrison on
the island starved to death and dozens of others were hospitalized
suffering from the effects of starvation. Their commanders had failed
to send them rations for months, and the matter became a national
scandal regarding the state of the armed forces.
In 2002, the St. Seraphim Monastery, a monastery belonging to the
Vladivostok diocese of the Russian Orthodox Church, was built on the
Russky Bridge from
Russky Island to mainland Vladivostok
Russky Island is linked to Russia's response to growing
Chinese economic power in the region, and the opportunity of the
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit was held on Russky
Island and about $US6 billion was set aside for the development of the
Vladivostok in preparation for the summit and construction
of the site for the 2012 APEC conference that was also planned and
built as a new campus for the Far Eastern Federal University. Plans
include the potential to develop the island as a large scale tourist
resort, and the construction of the official residence of the Russian
President in the
Russian Far East
Russian Far East in Boyarin
Bay were approved by the
APEC summit. The
Russky Bridge between
Russky Island and Vladivostok
was completed in July 2012, and has the longest cable-stayed bridge
span in the world at 1,104 metres (3,622 ft).
List of islands of Russia
^ ru:Русский (остров, Приморский край)
^ Harding, Luke (31 January 2007). "Putin's £2bn Bid to Make Bleak
Eastern Island a Holiday Resort". The Guardian, UK. Retrieved 16
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Russky Island.
Russia Close-Up: Primorsky's forgotten island