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October 1696 – present[1] (321 years, 5 months)

Country   Russian Empire
Russian Empire
(until 1917)  Russian SFSR (until 1922)   Soviet Union
Soviet Union
(until 1991)  Russian Federation

Type Navy

Size 148,000 active duty (2017)[2] Approx. 359 aircraft[3][4]

Part of Russian Armed Forces

Headquarters Admiralty building, Saint Petersburg

Motto(s) "С нами Бог и Андреевский флаг!" (God and St. Andrew's flag are with us!)

Colors Blue, White         

March "Экипаж—Одна семья" (English: "The Crew—One Family")

Anniversaries Navy
Navy
Day (last Sunday in July) Submariner's Day (19 March)

Fleet 1 aircraft carrier 1 battlecruiser 3cruisers 15 destroyers 9 frigates 81 corvettes 19 landing ship tanks 32 landing craft 15 special-purpose ships 41 patrol boats 46 mine countermeasures vessel 3 special-purpose submarines 64 submarines

Engagements

As Russian Navy:

Russo-Georgian War Anti-Piracy operation in Gulf of Aden Annexation of Crimea Syrian Civil War

Website Official webpage

Commanders

Commander-in-Chief Admiral
Admiral
Vladimir Korolyov

Insignia

Ensign

Jack

Patch

Navies of Russia

Imperial Russia Imperial Navy
Navy
(1696–1917) White movement fleet (1917—1922) Soviet Union Soviet Navy
Navy
(1918–1991) Russian Federation Russian Navy
Navy
(1991–present[update])

The Russian Navy
Navy
(Russian: Военно-морской Флот Российской Федерации (ВМФ России), lit. Military-Maritime Fleet of the Russian Federation) is the naval arm of the Russian Armed Forces. The present Russian Navy
Navy
was formed in January 1992, succeeding the Navy
Navy
of the Commonwealth of Independent States, which had itself succeeded the Soviet Navy
Navy
following the dissolution of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
in December 1991. The regular Russian Navy
Navy
was established by Peter the Great (Peter I) in October 1696. Ascribed to Peter I is the oft quoted statement: "A ruler that has but an army has one hand, but he who has a navy has both." The symbols of the Russian Navy, the St. Andrew's ensign (seen to the right), and most of its traditions were established personally by Peter I. Neither Jane's Fighting Ships
Jane's Fighting Ships
nor the International Institute for Strategic Studies list any standard ship prefixes for the vessels of the Russian Navy. For official U.S. Navy
Navy
photographs, they are sometimes referred to as "RFS"—"Russian Federation Ship". However, the Russian Navy
Navy
itself does not use this convention. The Russian Navy
Navy
possesses the vast majority of the former Soviet naval forces, and currently comprises the Northern Fleet, the Russian Pacific Fleet, the Russian Black Sea
Black Sea
Fleet, the Russian Baltic Fleet, the Russian Caspian Flotilla, Naval Aviation, and the Coastal Troops (consisting of the naval infantry and the Coastal Missile and Artillery Troops). A rearmament program approved in 2007 placed the development of the navy on an equal footing with the strategic nuclear forces for the first time in Soviet and Russian history. This program, covering the period until 2015, expected to see the replacement of 45 percent of the inventory of the Russian Navy.[5] Out of 4.9 trillion rubles ($192.16 billion) allocated for military rearmament, 25 percent will go into building new ships. "We are already building practically as many ships as we did in Soviet times," First Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Ivanov
Sergei Ivanov
said during a visit to Severodvinsk
Severodvinsk
in July 2007, "The problem now is not lack of money, but how to optimize production so that the navy can get new ships three, not five, years after laying them down."[6] The Russian Navy
Navy
suffered severely since the dissolution of the Soviet Union due to insufficient maintenance, lack of funding and subsequent effects on the training of personnel and timely replacement of equipment. Another setback is attributed to Russia's domestic shipbuilding industry which is reported to have been in decline as to their capabilities of constructing contemporary hardware efficiently. Some analysts even say that because of this Russia's naval capabilities have been facing a slow but certain "irreversible collapse".[7][8] Some analysts say that the recent rise in gas and oil prices has enabled a sort of renaissance of the Russian Navy
Navy
due to increased available funds, which may allow Russia
Russia
to begin "developing the capacity to modernize".[9] In August 2014, Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu said that Russian naval capabilities would be bolstered with new weapons and equipment within the next six years in response to NATO deployments in eastern Europe and recent developments in Ukraine.[10]

Contents

1 Origins

1.1 Imperial Russian Navy 1.2 Soviet Navy 1.3 Modern Russian Federation Navy 1.4 Leadership

2 Structure

2.1 Coastal Troops 2.2 Naval Aviation

3 Equipment

3.1 Ships and Submarines 3.2 Aircraft

4 Military Districts and Fleets

4.1 Joint Strategic Command Northern Fleet

4.1.1 Northern Fleet

4.2 Western Military District
Western Military District
– Western Joint Strategic Command

4.2.1 Baltic Fleet

4.3 Southern Military District
Southern Military District
– Southern Joint Strategic Command

4.3.1 The Black Sea
Black Sea
Fleet 4.3.2 Caspian Flotilla

4.4 Eastern Military District
Eastern Military District
– Eastern Joint Strategic Command

4.4.1 Pacific Fleet

5 Future and modernisation 6 Deployments and increase in activity

6.1 Western Atlantic and U.S. eastern seaboard 6.2 North Atlantic
North Atlantic
and Mediterranean
Mediterranean
Sea 6.3 Syria 6.4 Caribbean Sea 6.5 East Africa: Somali Coast 6.6 Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea

7 See also 8 References and sources 9 Further reading 10 See also 11 External links

Origins[edit]

Armed Forces of the Russian Federation

Ministry of Defence

Services (vid)

Russian Ground Forces Russian Aerospace Forces Russian Navy

Independent troops (rod)

Strategic Missile Troops Russian Airborne Troops

Other troops

Logistical Support

Ranks of the Russian Military

Air Force ranks and insignia Army ranks and insignia Navy
Navy
ranks and insignia

Uniforms of the Russian Military

Uniforms of the Russian Armed Forces

History of the Russian military

Military history of Russia History of Russian military ranks Military ranks of the Soviet Union

v t e

Standard of the Commander-in-Chief, Russian Navy.

The origins of the Russian navy may be traced to the period between the 4th and the 6th century. The first Slavic flotillas consisted of small sailing ships and rowboats, which had been seaworthy and able to navigate in riverbeds. During the 9th through 12th centuries, there were flotillas in the Kievan Rus'
Kievan Rus'
consisting of hundreds of vessels with one, two, or three masts. Riverine
Riverine
vessels in 9th century Kievan Rus guarded trade routes to Constantinople.[11] The citizens of Novgorod
Novgorod
are known to have conducted military campaigns in the Baltic Sea (e.g., the siege of Sigtuna
Sigtuna
in 1187)—although contemporary Scandinavian sources state that the fleet was from Karelia
Karelia
or Estonia.[12] Lad'ya (ладья in Russian, or sea boat) was a typical boat used by the army of Novgorod
Novgorod
(length 30 meters with a width of five to six meters, and two or three masts, with the armament of battering rams and catapults, complement: 50 to 60 men). There were also smaller sailboats and rowboats, such as ushkuys (ушкуи) for sailing in rivers, lakes and skerries, kochis (кочи), and nosads (носады), used for cargo transportation. During the 16th and 17th centuries, the Cossacks
Cossacks
conducted military campaigns against the Crimean Khanate
Crimean Khanate
and Ottoman Empire, using sailboats and rowboats. The Don Cossacks
Cossacks
called them strugs (струг). These boats were capable of transporting up to 80 men. The Cossack flotillas numbered 80 to 100 boats. The centralized Russian state had been fighting for its own access to the Baltic Sea, Black Sea
Black Sea
and Sea of Azov
Sea of Azov
since the 17th Century. By the end of that century, the Russians
Russians
had accumulated some valuable experience in using riverboats together with land forces. Under Tsar Mikhail Feodorovich, the construction of the first three-masted ship to be built entirely within Russia
Russia
was finished in 1636. She was built in Balakhna
Balakhna
by Danish shipbuilders from Holstein with a European design. She was christened the Frederick. In 1667–69, the Russians
Russians
tried to build naval ships in a village of Dedinovo on the shores of the Oka River
Oka River
for the purpose of defending the trade routes along the Volga River, which led to the Caspian Sea. In 1668, they built a 26-gun ship, the Oryol (Орёл, or "eagle"), a yacht, a boat with a mast and bowsprit, and a few rowboats. During much of the seventeenth century Russian merchants and Cossacks, using koch boats, sailed across the White Sea, explored the rivers Lena, Kolyma and Indigirka, and founded settlements in the region of the upper Amur. Unquestionably the most celebrated Russian explorer was Semyon Dezhnev, who, in 1648, sailed the entire length of present-day Russia
Russia
along the Arctic coast. Rounding the Chukotsk Peninsula, Dezhnev passed through the Bering Sea
Bering Sea
and sailed into the Pacific Ocean. Imperial Russian Navy[edit] Main article: Imperial Russian Navy The regular Russian Navy
Navy
was created at the initiative of Peter the Great. During the Second Azov
Azov
campaign of 1696 against the Ottoman Empire, the Russians
Russians
employed for the first time 2 warships, 4 fireships, 23 galleys and 1300 strugs, built on the Voronezh River. After the Azov
Azov
fortress was taken, at Peter I's request the Boyar Duma, understanding the vital importance of a navy for successful warfare, on 20 October 1696 adopted a decree on commencing the construction of a regular navy.[13][14] Early on in his reign, Peter made a tour to western Europe, England, and the Netherlands. In the Netherlands, he became acquainted with the work of the mathematicians Hans Gouda, Dirk Raven, and Hans Isbrandtsen Hoogzaat, which sparked his enthusiasm for the value of mathematics. A major result of this tour was the hiring of large numbers of foreign specialists of various expertise, including mathematicians. Among those hired was Henry (or Harry) Farquharson, called in Russia
Russia
Andrei Danilovich (Daniloff) Farkhvarson or Farvarson (1675–1739), who had taught mathematics and astronomy at the University of Aberdeen and was recommended by Halley and Jacob Daniel Bruce (1670–1735), while John Colson was hired to teach mathematics. Farquaharson's task in Russia
Russia
was to create and administer a School of Mathematics and Navigation. It was under Farquharson's guidance that he and Tsar Peter wrote the mathematics curriculum for the new school. He was accompanied by Stephen Gwyn (1684–1720) and Richard Grice (1682?–1709), who were graduates of the England's Royal Mathematical School.[citation needed] In 1700 at Voronezh the first major ships launched for the fledgling Russian Navy—for use with the Azov
Azov
Fleet—were the 58-gun Goto Predestinatsiya (God's Providence), the 80-gun Staryy Orel (Old Eagle), and the 70-gun Staryy Dub (Old Oak).[13]

Eugene Lanceray. Fleet of Peter the Great
Peter the Great
(1709).

During the Great Northern War
Great Northern War
of 1700–1721, the Russians
Russians
built the Baltic Fleet
Baltic Fleet
and the city of St. Petersburg. In 1703–1723, the main base of the Baltic Fleet
Baltic Fleet
was located in St. Petersburg
St. Petersburg
and then in Kronshtadt. Other bases were later established in Vyborg, Helsingfors, Revel (now Tallinn) and Åbo. At first, the Vladimirskiy Prikaz was in charge of shipbuilding. Later on, these functions were transferred to the Russian Admiralty. Basic principles of the Russian Navy, its educational and training methods, as well as methods for conducting military action were all summarized in the Naval Regulations [Морской устав] (1720) penned by Peter the Great. Peter the Great, Feodor Apraksin, Alexey Senyavin, Naum Senyavin and Mikhail Golitsyn are generally credited for the development of the Russian art of naval warfare. Main principles of naval warfare were further developed by Grigoriy Spiridov, Feodor Ushakov, and Dmitriy Senyavin. The Russo-Turkish Wars
Russo-Turkish Wars
of Catherine the Great resulted in the establishment of the Black Sea
Black Sea
Fleet, with its bases in Sevastopol (1783) and Kherson. It was at that time that Russian warships started to venture into the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
on a regular basis. In 1770, Grigoriy Spiridov's squadron gained supremacy in the Aegean Sea
Aegean Sea
by destroying the Turkish fleet in the Battle of Chesma. After having advanced to the Danube, the Russians
Russians
formed the Danube
Danube
Military Flotilla for the purpose of guarding the Danube
Danube
estuary from the Turks and they came in 1771 as guests to Dubrovnik
Dubrovnik
in the Republic of Ragusa.[15] The Beluga caviar
Beluga caviar
from the Danube
Danube
was famous and the merchants from the Republic of Ragusa
Republic of Ragusa
dominated the import-export business in Serbia
Serbia
with the Habsburg Monarchy.[16] The Russian Navy captured in 1780 two British cargo vessels, their cargo were hemp and iron.[17] The Republic of Ragusa
Republic of Ragusa
became one of the chief carriers of the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
in 1783 with the help of the USA, when Britain acknowledges the United States independence, although the Americans agreed to allow Dubrovnik's ships free passage in their ports. During the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
expedition of 1799, Fyodor Ushakov single-handedly carved out the Greek Republic of Seven Islands, proceeding to clear from the French Corfu
Corfu
and all the Ionian islands. His squadron then blocked the French bases in Italy, notably Genoa
Genoa
and Ancona, and successfully assaulted Naples
Naples
and Rome. Ushakov, proclaimed a patron saint of the Russian Navy
Navy
in the 21st century, was succeeded in command by Dmitriy Senyavin
Dmitriy Senyavin
who reasserted Russian control of the southern Adriatic, disrupted Dubrovnik's sea trade, and destroyed the Ottoman Fleet in the Battle of Athos
Battle of Athos
(1807). Between 1803 and 1855, Russian sailors undertook over 40 circumnavigations and distant voyages, which played an important role in exploration of the Far East
Far East
and culminated in Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen's discovery of Antarctica.

The Russian Admiralty
Russian Admiralty
in St. Petersburg
St. Petersburg
is famed for its gilded steeple topped by a golden weather-vane in the shape of a sailing ship.

Notwithstanding these triumphs, Russia's slow technical and economic development in the first half of the 19th century caused her to fall behind other world powers in the field of steamboat construction. It was in 1826 that the Russians
Russians
built their first armed steamboat Izhora. At the outbreak of the Crimean War
Crimean War
in 1853, steamships were few and sailing ships heavily predominated. The Battle of Sinope, won by Pavel Nakhimov, is remembered in history as the last significant naval battle involving sailing ships. During the Siege of Sevastopol in 1854–1855, Russian sailors set an example of using all means possible for defending their base from land and sea. Although the Russians
Russians
introduced modern naval mining in the Baltic and repelled the Siege of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy
Siege of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy
in the Pacific, Sevastopol
Sevastopol
was finally surrendered on honourable terms but only after the Russians sank their ships to prevent outside use of the harbor. In accordance with the Treaty of Paris, Russia
Russia
lost its right to have a military fleet in the Black Sea. As a consequence, the Russian sailing fleet lost its significance and was rapidly replaced by steamboats, including the first steel armored gunship Opyt and one of the first seafaring ironclads Pyotr Velikiy. On 16 January 1877 Admiral
Admiral
Stepan Makarov
Stepan Makarov
became the first to launch torpedoes from a boat in combat. He also proposed the idea and oversaw the construction of the world's first ocean-going icebreaker "Yermak", commanding it in two Arctic expeditions in 1899 and 1901. At about the same time, Aleksey Krylov
Aleksey Krylov
elaborated the modern floodability theory. The Russian Navy
Navy
was considered the third strongest in the world on the eve of the Russo-Japanese War, which turned to be a catastrophe for the Russian military in general and the Russian Navy
Navy
in particular. Although neither party lacked courage, the Russians
Russians
were defeated by the Japanese in the Battle of Port Arthur, which was the first time in warfare that mines were used for offensive purposes. The warships of the Baltic Fleet
Baltic Fleet
sent to the Far East
Far East
were lost in the Battle of Tsushima. Soon after the war Russia
Russia
devoted a significant portion of its military spending to an ambitious shipbuilding program aimed at replacing lost warships with modern dreadnoughts. During World War I, the fleets played a limited role in the Eastern Front, due to heavy defensive and offensive mining on both sides. Characteristically, the Black Sea Fleet
Black Sea Fleet
succeeded in mining the Bosporus, thus preventing the Ottoman Fleet from entering the Black Sea. After the revolution forced Russia
Russia
to quit the war, the Baltic Fleet
Baltic Fleet
was evacuated from Helsinki and Tallinn
Tallinn
to Kronshtadt
Kronshtadt
during the Ice Cruise of the Baltic Fleet and many of the ships of the Black Sea Fleet
Black Sea Fleet
found their last refuge in Bizerte. Soviet Navy[edit] Main article: Soviet Navy For the most part, Russian sailors welcomed the Russian Revolution of 1917, in which they participated. Earlier, in 1905, sailors of the Imperial Russian battleship Potemkin
Russian battleship Potemkin
in the Black Sea
Black Sea
Navy
Navy
revolted. In 1906 rebellious soldiers gained control of some Helsinki
Helsinki
coastal fortifications during events known as the Viapori Rebellion, which was subsequently put down, following bombardments from ships of the Baltic Fleet which remained loyal to the Tsarist government. The first ship of the Soviet Navy
Navy
could be considered to be the rebellious Imperial Russian cruiser Avrora, whose blank shot from its forecastle gun signaled the October Revolution
October Revolution
according to Soviet narratives. In March 1921, the sailors of Kronshtadt
Kronshtadt
rebelled against the Bolsheviks, demanding freedom of speech and closing of concentration camps, but this belated revolt was ruthlessly suppressed by Leon Trotsky. After the Revolution, the Navy's restoration was slow, and only with the beginning of industrialisation in 1930 was a large shipbuilding program developed, but not accomplished before the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, the Soviet Union's portion of World War II. As a result, the Soviet Navy
Navy
during World War II
World War II
consisted of some old World War I-era ships, some modern pre-war built cruisers and destroyers, and a number of torpedo boats. Unfortunately, much of the Soviet fleet on the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
was blocked in Leningrad and Kronshtadt by Finnish and German minefields during 1941–1944 and maimed by mines and air attacks, nevertheless numerous sorties by attack boats and submarines actions were conducted. On the Black Sea
Black Sea
with the loss of the main naval base—Sevastopol, and effective actions of axis aviation as well as minefields the effectiveness of large surface ships was limited. The Northern Fleet, composed mostly of destroyers ( World War I
World War I
Novik-class and more modern Design 7 and 7U vessels), played a role in anti-aircraft and anti-submarine defence of allied convoys heading to Murmansk. During the Cold War, the Soviets gave their navy a number of missions, in addition to its role as one of the legs of the nuclear triad, the navy was supposed to destroy American SSBNs and carrier groups, interdict NATO lines of communications, and assist the ground forces in continental theatre offensives.[18] They were quick to equip their surface fleet with missiles of various sorts. In fact, it became a hallmark of Soviet design to place large anti-ship missiles onto relatively small and fast missile boats. The Soviet Navy
Navy
also possessed several very large guided missile cruisers with great firepower, such as those of the Kirov class and the Slava class cruisers. In the 1980s the Soviet Navy
Navy
acquired its first true aircraft carrier, Tbilisi (subsequently renamed Fleet Admiral
Admiral
of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
Kuznetsov).[19] In some respects, including speed and reactor technology, later Soviet submarines were, and remain, some of the world's best.[citation needed] Their primary shortcomings were insufficient noise damping (American boats were quieter) and sonar technology. The Soviets possessed numerous purpose-built guided missile submarines, such as the Oscar-class submarine, as well as many ballistic missile submarines, such as the Delta class submarines, and attack submarines, such as the Victor and Akula-class submarines. The Soviet Navy's Typhoon class
Typhoon class
ballistic missile boats are the world's largest submarines. The Soviet attack submarine force was, like the rest of the navy, geared towards the interception of NATO convoys, but also targeted American aircraft carrier battle groups. Modern Russian Federation Navy[edit]

Russian Navy
Navy
work uniform

The 1991 dissolution of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
led to a severe decline in the Russian Navy. Defense expenditures were severely reduced. Many ships were scrapped or laid up as accommodation ships at naval bases, and the building program was essentially stopped. Sergey Gorshkov's buildup during the Soviet period had emphasised ships over support facilities, but Gorshkov had also retained ships in service beyond their effective lifetimes, so a reduction had been inevitable in any event.[20] The situation was exacerbated by the impractical range of vessel types which the Soviet military-industrial complex, with the support of the leadership, had forced on the navy—taking modifications into account, the Soviet Navy
Navy
in the mid-1980s had nearly 250 different classes of ship.[21] The Kiev class aircraft carrying cruisers and many other ships were prematurely retired, and the incomplete second Admiral
Admiral
Kuznetsov class aircraft carrier Varyag was eventually sold to the People's Republic of China
People's Republic of China
by Ukraine. Funds were only allocated for the completion of ships ordered prior to the collapse of the USSR, as well as for refits and repairs on fleet ships taken out of service since. However, the construction times for these ships tended to stretch out extensively: in 2003 it was reported that the Akula-class submarine
Akula-class submarine
Nerpa had been under construction for fifteen years.[22] Storage of decommissioned nuclear submarines in ports near Murmansk
Murmansk
became a significant issue, with the Bellona Foundation reporting details of lowered readiness. Naval support bases outside Russia, such as Cam Ranh Bay
Cam Ranh Bay
in Vietnam, were gradually closed, with the exception of the modest technical support base in Tartus, Syria
Syria
to support ships deployed to the Mediterranean. Naval Aviation declined as well from its height as Soviet Naval Aviation, dropping from an estimated 60,000 personnel with some 1,100 combat aircraft in 1992 to 35,000 personnel with around 270 combat aircraft in 2006.[23] In 2002, out of 584 naval aviation crews only 156 were combat ready, and 77 ready for night flying. Average annual flying time was 21.7 hours, compared to 24 hours in 1999.[24] Training and readiness also suffered severely. In 1995, only two missile submarines at a time were being maintained on station, from the Northern and Pacific Fleets.[25] The decline culminated in the loss of the Oscar II-class Kursk submarine during the Northern Fleet summer exercise that was intended to back up the publication of a new naval doctrine.[26] The exercise was to have culminated with the deployment of the Admiral
Admiral
Kuznetsov task group to the Mediterranean.[citation needed] As of February 2008, the Russian Navy
Navy
had 44 nuclear submarines with 24 operational; 19 diesel-electric submarines, 16 operational; and 56 first and second rank surface combatants, 37 operational.[27] Despite this improvement, the November 2008 accident on board the Akula-class submarine attack boat Nerpa during sea trials before lease to India represented a concern for the future.[28] In 2009, Admiral
Admiral
Popov (Ret.), former commander of the Russian Northern Fleet, said that the Russian Navy
Navy
would greatly decline in combat capabilities by 2015 if the current rate of new ship construction remained unchanged, due to the retirement of ocean-going ships.[29] In 2012, President Vladimir Putin
Vladimir Putin
announced a plan to build 51 modern ships and 24 submarines by 2020.[30] Of the 24 submarines, 16 will be nuclear-powered.[31] On 10 January 2013, the Russian Navy
Navy
finally accepted its first new Borei class SSBN (Yury Dolgorukiy) for service.[32] A second Borei (Aleksandr Nevskiy) was undergoing sea trials and entered service on 21 December 2013.[33] A third Borei class boat (Vladimir Monomakh) was launched and began trials in early 2013, and was commissioned in late 2014.[34]

Flagship of the navy, Admiral
Admiral
Kuznetsov

Kirov-class battlecruiser

Slava-class cruiser

Udaloy-class destroyer

Steregushchy-class corvette

Buyan-M-class corvette

Missile range instrumentation ship "Marshal Krylov"

Borey-class (Dolgorukiy-class) submarine

Oscar-class submarine

Akula-class submarine
Akula-class submarine
Vepr (K-157)

Kilo-class submarine

Leadership[edit]

ADM Vladimir Korolyov

1992 – Nov 1997 FADM Feliks Gromov Nov 1997 – Sep 2005 FADM Vladimir Kuroyedov Sep 2005 – Sep 2007 FADM Vladimir Masorin Sep 2007 – May 2012 ADM Vladimir Vysotsky May 2012 – February 2016 ADM Viktor Chirkov February 2016 – present ADM Vladimir Korolyov

Structure[edit] Since 2012 the headquarters of the Russian Navy
Navy
(Russian Navy
Navy
Main Staff) is once again located in the Admiralty in Saint Petersburg. Russian naval manpower is a mixture of conscripts serving one-year terms and volunteers (Officers and Ratings). In 2006 the IISS
IISS
assessed there were 142,000 personnel in the Russian Navy. As of 2008 the conscription term was reduced to one year and a major downsizing and reorganization were underway. In 2008, plans were announced to move the headquarters to the Admiralty building in St. Petersburg, the historic location of the headquarters of the Imperial Russian Navy. The Navy
Navy
staff finally relocated there in November 2012.[35] Coastal Troops[edit] Main articles: Coastal Troops of the Russian Navy
Navy
and Naval Infantry (Russia)

Russian Naval Infantrymen during the Vostok Strategic Exercise in Vladivostok, 2010.

The Russian Naval Infantry are the amphibious force of the Russian Navy
Navy
and can trace their origins back to 1705, when Peter I issued a decree for an infantry regiment "of naval equipage". Since its formation it has seen action in the Napoleonic Wars, the Crimean War, the Russo-Japanese War, the First and Second World Wars, and the Chechen and Georgian conflicts. Under the leadership of Admiral Gorshkov during the Cold War, the Soviet Navy
Navy
expanded the reach of the Naval Infantry and deployed it worldwide on numerous occasions, but since the dissolution of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
its role has been greatly reduced. The Naval Infantry and Coastal Troops are led by the Deputy Commander for Naval Infantry/Commandant of the Naval Infantry of the Russian Navy, Major General
Major General
(NI) Aleksandr Kolpatsenko. Their motto: "Where We Are, There is Victory!" Naval Aviation[edit] Main article: Russian Naval Aviation

A Sukhoi Su-33
Sukhoi Su-33
from the 279th Shipborne Fighter Aviation Regiment, on Admiral
Admiral
Kuznetsov's flight deck.

The first naval aviation units in Russia
Russia
were formed in 1912–1914 as a part of the Soviet Baltic Fleet
Baltic Fleet
and the Soviet Black Sea
Black Sea
Fleet. Since its formation, it has participated in the Russian Civil War, World War II
World War II
and in many other conflicts throughout Europe, the Middle East and Asia. During the Cold War
Cold War
the naval aviation pursued a policy of deploying large numbers of bombers in maritime strike roles to counter the U.S. Navy's extensive fleet of aircraft carriers, by 1989 it operated over 1,000 fixed-wing aircraft with the majority being bombers such as the Tu-22M "Backfire" and the Tu-16 "Badger".[36] Since the fall of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
however, it has been significantly reduced in size. As of 2007, the Russian Naval Aviation
Russian Naval Aviation
consists of the following components:[37]

Naval missile-carrying aviation; Shore-based ASW aviation; Attack (Shturmovik) aviation; Shore-based fighter aviation; Reconnaissance
Reconnaissance
aviation; Shipborne aviation (fighters and ASW aircraft); Auxiliary air units.

Equipment[edit] Ships and Submarines[edit] Main article: List of active Russian Navy
Navy
ships Aircraft[edit] Main article: List of active Russian military aircraft
List of active Russian military aircraft
§ Russian Naval Aviation Military Districts and Fleets[edit] The Russian Navy
Navy
consists of four fleets and one flotilla with 3 of 4 fleets and the Caspian Flotilla
Caspian Flotilla
subordinated to the newly formed Military Districts-Joint Operational Strategic Commands. Joint Strategic Command Northern Fleet[edit] Northern Fleet[edit]

The Northern Fleet, showing major bases and headquarters.

Main article: Russian Northern Fleet The Russian Northern Fleet, established as a modern formation in 1933, is headquartered at Severomorsk
Severomorsk
and spread around various bases in the greater Murmansk
Murmansk
area. This is the main fleet of the Russian Navy
Navy
and currently comprises:[38]

Admiral
Admiral
Kuznetsov (1) Kirov class battlecruiser
Kirov class battlecruiser
(1) Slava class cruiser
Slava class cruiser
(1) Udaloy II class destroyer (1) Udaloy class destroyer
Udaloy class destroyer
(4) Sovremennyy class destroyer
Sovremennyy class destroyer
(2) Grisha class corvette (6) Nanuchka class corvette (3) Dolgorukiy class submarine(1) Delta IV class submarine
Delta IV class submarine
(6) Typhoon class
Typhoon class
submarine (1) Oscar class submarine
Oscar class submarine
(3) Severodvinsk
Severodvinsk
class submarine (1) Akula class submarine
Akula class submarine
(6) Sierra class submarine
Sierra class submarine
(3) Victor III class submarine (3) Lada class submarine
Lada class submarine
(1) Kilo class submarine
Kilo class submarine
(5)

The Fleet also includes many corvettes, patrol ships, light amphibious ships and support and logistic ships. Western Military District
Western Military District
– Western Joint Strategic Command[edit] Baltic Fleet[edit]

Baltic Fleet
Baltic Fleet
HQ building in Kaliningrad.

Main article: Baltic Fleet The Baltic Fleet, established on 18 May 1703, is based in Baltiysk
Baltiysk
and Kronshtadt, with its headquarters in the city of Kaliningrad, Kaliningrad
Kaliningrad
Oblast. The Fleet consists of;[38]

Sovremennyy class destroyer
Sovremennyy class destroyer
(2) Neustrashimyy class frigate
Neustrashimyy class frigate
(2) Steregushchiy class corvette(4) Buyan-M class corvette (2) Kilo class submarine
Kilo class submarine
(2)

The Baltic Fleet
Baltic Fleet
also includes many corvettes, patrol ships, minehunters, light amphibious ships and support vessels. Southern Military District
Southern Military District
– Southern Joint Strategic Command[edit] The Black Sea
Black Sea
Fleet[edit] Main article: Black Sea
Black Sea
Fleet The Black Sea
Black Sea
Fleet, established on 2 May 1783 and is based at the Sevastopol, Karantinnaya, and Streletskaya Bays in Sevastopol
Sevastopol
which is also the location of its headquarters, and at Novorossiysk
Novorossiysk
in Krasnodar Kray. The fleet also has various other facilities on the Crimean Peninsula
Crimean Peninsula
and facilities in Krasnodar Kray. The Fleet consists of;[38]

Slava class cruiser
Slava class cruiser
(1) Kashin class destroyer
Kashin class destroyer
(1) Admiral
Admiral
Grigorovich class frigate (3) Burevestnik (Krivak) class frigate (2) Kilo class submarine
Kilo class submarine
(6)

The Fleet also includes a small number of corvettes, patrol and coastal protection ships, light amphibious ships, and support vessels. Caspian Flotilla[edit] Main article: Caspian Flotilla The Caspian Flotilla, established on 4 November 1722, is based in Astrakhan
Astrakhan
and Makhachkala with its headquarters in Astrakhan. The Fleet consists of;[38]

Tatarstan/Gepard class frigate
Tatarstan/Gepard class frigate
(2) Buyan class corvette
Buyan class corvette
(3) Buyan-M class corvette (3)

The Fleet also includes a 4 artillery and 3 rocket corvettes and some patrol ships. Eastern Military District
Eastern Military District
– Eastern Joint Strategic Command[edit] Pacific Fleet[edit] Main article: Pacific Fleet (Russia) The Pacific Fleet, established on 10 May 1731 and is headquartered in Vladivostok
Vladivostok
and based around Vladivostok
Vladivostok
and Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy. The Fleet consists of;[38]

Slava class cruiser
Slava class cruiser
(1) Sovremennyy class destroyer
Sovremennyy class destroyer
(1) Udaloy class destroyer
Udaloy class destroyer
(4) Steregushchiy class corvette(1) Dolgorukiy class submarine(2) Delta III class submarine
Delta III class submarine
(3) Oscar class submarine
Oscar class submarine
(5) Akula class submarine
Akula class submarine
(5) Kilo class submarine
Kilo class submarine
(7)

The Pacific Fleet also includes coastal combatants such as corvettes, patrol ships, mine warfare ships, light amphibious ships, and support vessels. There are also naval aviation and coastal troops and naval infantry components. Future and modernisation[edit] Further information: Future of the Russian Navy Russia's military budget expanded from 1998 until 2015, but economic problems including a sharp decline in the oil price mean it will be cut in 2016.[39] Higher expenditure led to an increase in numbers of ships under construction, initially focusing on submarines, such as the conventional Petersburg (Lada) class and nuclear Severodvinsk (Yasen) class. Some older vessels have been refitted as well. Jane's Fighting Ships commented in 2004 that the construction programme was too focused on Cold War
Cold War
scenarios, given the submarine emphasis.[40] According to the Russian Defense Ministry, share of modern armament in the Navy
Navy
has reached more than 50% in 2014.[41] A report from November 2017 estimated the figure at 53%.[42][43][44] The Steregushchiy class corvettes, the lead ship of which was laid down on 21 December 2001, is the first new surface construction since the collapse of the Soviet Union,[45] while the new Admiral
Admiral
Sergei Gorshkov class frigates marks the first attempt of the Navy
Navy
to return to the construction of large blue water capable vessels.[46] The Russian Navy
Navy
plans to procure two new classes of destroyer, the general-purpose Project 21956
Project 21956
in the 2010s and the Leader-class anti-air destroyer in the 2020s. The latter will likely carry the S-500 anti-ballistic missile system.[47] On 28 April 2010, the Ukrainian parliament
Ukrainian parliament
ratified an agreement to extend Russia's lease of Crimean base facilities to 2042 with an option for five more years, through 2047.[48] Subsequent to the 2014 Russian annexation of Crimea, this agreement has been officially invalidated by the Russian State Duma. The Russian Navy
Navy
has also revealed that the Russia's Black Sea Fleet
Black Sea Fleet
will receive 30 new ships by 2020 and will become self-sufficient with its own infrastructure in the Crimean peninsula. The fleet will be updated with new warships, submarines, and auxiliary vessels within the next six years. The new ships being built for the Black Sea Fleet
Black Sea Fleet
include six Admiral Grigorovich-class frigates and six Varshavyanka-class (Improved Kilo-class) diesel-electric submarines.[49] On 27 December 2015, state-owned United Shipbuilding Corporation declared that by 2019 the company would have the technical ability to build aircraft and helicopter carriers, which came as some surprise to analysts as previously the company had stated carrier-building would not take place until 2025 at the earliest. Russia's only existing carrier, the Soviet era Admiral
Admiral
Kuznetsov will remain in service at least until 2030.[50] In a May 2017 ten year defence review the development of a new aircraft carrier and nuclear powered destroyers was cancelled in favour of concentrating modernisation efforts on the nuclear triad. Development of a sixth generation SSBN was announced even though the fifth generation Borei class are still under construction as was a fleet of sub-frigate sized surface combatants.[51] Deployments and increase in activity[edit]

Missile cruiser Peter the Great
Peter the Great
during the exercise.

In the last years of the 1990s naval activity was very low. Even at the height of the Kosovo war
Kosovo war
crisis a planned task group deployment to the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
was reduced to the dispatch of the intelligence ship Liman. 2003 saw a major increase in activity, including several major exercises. A May joint exercise with the Indian Navy
Navy
saw two Pacific Fleet destroyers and four vessels from the Black Sea
Black Sea
Fleet, led by the Slava-class cruiser
Slava-class cruiser
Moskva, deployed for three months into the Indian Ocean. The largest out-of-area deployment for a decade, the INDRA 2003 exercise, was highlighted by a series of missile launches by two Tu-160s and four Tu-95s, which made a 5,400-mile (8,700 km) round trip flight from Engels-2
Engels-2
air base near Saratov
Saratov
to the exercise area.[52] In August 2003 the Navy
Navy
also participated in the Far Eastern exercise Vostok-2003, which saw the Slava-class cruiser
Slava-class cruiser
Varyag and the Sovremennyy class destroyer
Sovremennyy class destroyer
Bystryy active, as well as an amphibious landing carried out by three Pacific Fleet Ropucha class landing ships. Warships and helicopters from the Japanese and South Korean navies also took part. The Northern Fleet
Northern Fleet
followed in January 2004 when thirteen ships and seven submarines took part in exercises in the Barents Sea. The involvement of Admiral
Admiral
Kuznetsov and nuclear-powered cruiser Pyotr Velikiy was overshadowed however by two ballistic missile launch failures, made more embarrassing because President Vladimir Putin
Vladimir Putin
was afloat aboard the Typhoon-class SSBN Arkhangelsk to witness the tests. Neither of the Delta IV-class Novomoskovsk nor Kareliya were able to successfully launch what were apparently RSM-54 SLBMs.[53] Former Navy
Navy
Commander-in-Chief Vladimir Kuroyedov's early dismissal may have resulted from these gaffes. He was replaced by Admiral
Admiral
Vladimir Masorin
Vladimir Masorin
in September 2005. Embarrassment for the Navy
Navy
had continued, with a mine accident during rehearsals for the Baltic Fleet's celebration of Navy
Navy
Day in St. Petersburg in July 2005 and the Priz class mini-submarine AS-28
AS-28
having to be rescued by a joint British/U.S. effort using a Royal Navy unmanned submersible in the Far East
Far East
in early August 2005. However exercises and operations continued; Peace Mission 2005 in August 2005 involved a new level of cooperation between Russia
Russia
and the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy. Two months later the Slava-class cruiser Varyag led Russian participation in INDRA 2005, held off Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
between 14 and 20 October 2005. It included surface firings, air defence, and anti-submarine warfare (ASW) exercises.[54] Admiral
Admiral
Vladimir Vysotskiy became Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy
Navy
on September 11, 2007, having moved up from the Northern Fleet, which he had commanded since September 2005.[55] On October 16, 2008, the speaker of Russia's upper house of parliament did not preclude Russia
Russia
asking for a resumption of a naval presence in Yemen. Authorities in the Middle East
Middle East
country had been calling on Moscow
Moscow
to help fight piracy and possible terrorist threats. The U.S.S.R. had a major naval support base on Socotra Island of the former socialist state of South Yemen, which merged with North Yemen in 1990 to form the present-day Yemen. Speaking to journalists in Sana, the capital of Yemen, Federation Council Speaker Sergey Mironov said the new direction of Russia's foreign and defense policies and an increase in its naval missions would be taken into consideration when making a decision on the request. "It's possible that the aspects of using Yemen
Yemen
ports not only for visits by Russian warships, but also for more strategic goals will be considered," he said. Mironov also said a visit to Russia
Russia
by the president of Yemen, Ali Abdullah Saleh, could take place in the near future and that the issue of military technical cooperation could be raised during his visit.[56] Security Council chief Nikolay Patrushev said on 6 August 2012 that Russia
Russia
will build a string of naval bases along its northern coast in the Arctic zone to serve as resupply bases for Russian warships and border guard vessels.[57] Western Atlantic and U.S. eastern seaboard[edit]

In August 2009, the news media reported that two Akula-class submarines operated off the East Coast of the United States, with one of the submarines being identified as a Project 971 Shchuka-B type. U.S. military sources noted that this was first known Russian submarine deployment to the western Atlantic since the end of the Cold War, raising concerns within U.S. military and intelligence communities.[58] The U.S. Northern Command confirmed that this 2009 Akula-class submarine
Akula-class submarine
deployment did occur.[59] In August 2012, the news media reported that another Akula-class submarine operated in the Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
purportedly undetected for over a month, sparking controversy within U.S. military and political circles, with U.S. Senator John Cornyn
John Cornyn
of the Senate Armed Services Committee demanding details of this deployment from Admiral
Admiral
Jonathan W. Greenert, the Chief of Naval Operations.[60] ADM Greenert stated that no Russian submarine had operated in the Gulf of Mexico.

North Atlantic
North Atlantic
and Mediterranean
Mediterranean
Sea[edit]

In February 2008 a Russian naval task force completed a two-month deployment in the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
and the North Atlantic
North Atlantic
which started on December 4, 2007. The operation was the first large-scale Russian Navy
Navy
deployment to the Atlantic and the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
in 15 years. The task force included the Kuznetsov-Class aircraft carrier Kuznetsov, the Udaloy-Class destroyers Admiral
Admiral
Levchenko and Admiral Chabanenko, and the Slava-Class guided missile cruiser Moskva, as well as auxiliary vessels. During the operation the navy practiced rescue and counter-terror operations, reconnaissance, and missile and bomb strikes on the (theoretical) enemy's naval task force. Over 40 Russian Air Force aircraft took part in joint exercises with the navy as well.[61][62][63] Vice- Admiral
Admiral
Nikolay Maksimov, the Northern Fleet commander, said during the operations that the deployment was aimed at ensuring Russia's naval presence "in key operational areas of the world's oceans" and establishing conditions for secure Russian maritime navigation. "After this visit to the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
and France, the first in 15 years, we will establish a permanent presence in the region" he said.[61][62] Admiral
Admiral
Vladimir Vysotskiy summed up the results in February saying: "What is important is that we have appeared [in the Atlantic and the Mediterranean] at a scheduled time and not just that we appeared there. We'll do all we can to build up our presence where Russia
Russia
has strategic interests", adding that Russia intended to carry out similar missions once every six months.[64] In October, 2008, a naval task group from the Northern Fleet, comprising the nuclear-powered missile cruiser Pyotr Velikiy, the large ASW ship Admiral
Admiral
Chabanenko, and support ships, left their homeport of Severomorsk
Severomorsk
in northern Russia
Russia
on September 22 and is currently in the northern Atlantic, having covered a distance of 1,000 nautical miles (1,900 km) in a week. "Having some spare time before a joint exercise with the Venezuelan navy, which is planned for November 2008, the warships will perform a number of tasks in the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
and visit several Mediterranean
Mediterranean
ports, including Tripoli," the Navy's press service said in a statement. Russian warships are scheduled to participate in joint naval exercises with the Venezuelan navy in the Caribbean on November 10–14, in line with the 2008 training program, and in order to expand military cooperation with foreign navies.[65] These exercises actually took place on 1 December. October 11, 2008, Russian warships bound for Venezuela, including the nuclear-powered cruiser Pyotr Velikiy (Peter the Great), put in Saturday at the Libyan port of Tripoli for resupply.[66][67] From Venezuela
Venezuela
the Petr Velikiy proceeded to a port call in Cape Town, South Africa, then participated in the INDRA-2009 exercise off western India, briefly engaged in counter-piracy operations in the Gulf of Aden, and returned to its homeport of Severomorsk
Severomorsk
in March 2009. A group of Pacific Fleet ships arrived in the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
on 15 May 2013 having sailed from Vladivostok
Vladivostok
on 19 March 2013.[68] The Admiral
Admiral
Panteleyev, the Ropucha class landing ships Peresvet and Admiral
Admiral
Nevelskoy, the Pechenga tanker and the Fotiy Krylov rescue tug will augment the Russian Navy's grouping there, and will carrying out tasks in the Black Sea
Black Sea
and Mediterranean
Mediterranean
Sea. The Pacific Fleet ships will practise activities jointly with forces from other Russian navy fleets and make a number of business calls at ports in the region, including a call at Limassol, Cyprus, on 17 May 13.[69] The Baltic Fleet
Baltic Fleet
Ropucha class landing ships Kaliningrad, Aleksandr Shabalin and Azov
Azov
arrived at Novorossiysk
Novorossiysk
naval base on 14 May 13 having completed their duties in the Mediterranean. The Baltic Fleet ships will spend several weeks at Novorossiysk
Novorossiysk
undergoing checks and maintenance and replenishing supplies before resuming their duties in the Mediterranean.[70] The Northern Fleet's Udaloy class destroyer
Udaloy class destroyer
Vice- Admiral
Admiral
Kulakov was reported to be heading for the Atlantic on 20 May 13 after completing a visit to Norway. The ship had been taking part in the Russian-Norwegian Pomor-2013 exercise and is expected to take on supplies from the tanker Vyazma while at anchor in the North Sea before undertaking a lengthy voyage in the north eastern regions of the Atlantic Ocean.[71] On 1 June 2013, Navy
Navy
Commander Adm Viktor Chirkov
Viktor Chirkov
said that the Admiral
Admiral
Kuznetsov aircraft carrier is "expected to put out and perform a number of missions in an offshore oceanic zone as part of a group. Northern Fleet
Northern Fleet
naval pilots will perform a number of missions on board this cruiser during the long-range mission." He also stated that the ship's deployment might be as part of a permanent operational group in the Mediterranean. In preparing for the deployment the ships' airwing would not be using the NITKA pilot training facility located in Crimea, Ukraine.[72] On 20 October 2016, a Northern Fleet
Northern Fleet
task group headed by the Admiral Kuznetsov carrier was monitored at a size of least 8 ships in the English Channel en route to Syria
Syria
reportedly to participate in the attack of Aleppo. The Royal Navy
Navy
(Britain) sent multiple ships including the HMS Dragon to Man-Mark each warship. As the Fleet met up with an additional 2 Russian Warships. NATO also tasked its standing naval group SNMG1 to shadow the group and escort it through the dover straits towards the medditeranean.[73] On 17 February 2017, The Russian Navy
Navy
surveillance vessel SSV-175 "Viktor Leonov" was cruising international waters off the East Coast of the United States. The "Viktor Leonov", is outfitted with a variety of high-tech spying equipment designed to intercept signals intelligence. It first appeared off Delaware and, then moved south of the US submarine base at Groton, Connecticut collecting electronic signals.[74]

Syria[edit] Main article: Russian naval base in Tartus

In September 2008, it was reported that Russia
Russia
and Syria
Syria
conducted talks about permitting Russia
Russia
to develop and enlarge its Russian naval base in Syria
Syria
in order to establish a stronger naval presence in the Mediterranean,[75] and amidst the deteriorating Russia
Russia
relations with the west in conjunction with the 2008 South Ossetia war
2008 South Ossetia war
and the plans to deploy US missile defense shield in Poland, it has even been asserted that president Assad has agreed to Tartus
Tartus
port's conversion into a permanent Middle East
Middle East
base for Russia's nuclear-armed warships.[76] Moscow
Moscow
and Damascus
Damascus
additionally announced that it would be renovating the port, although there was no mention in the Syrian press.[77] On September 22, 2008, Russian Navy
Navy
spokesman Igor Dygalo said the nuclear-powered Pyotr Velikiy cruiser, accompanied by three other ships, sailed from the Northern Fleet's base of Severomorsk. The ships will cover about 15,000 nautical miles (28,000 km) to conduct joint maneuvers with the Venezuelan navy. Dygalo refused to comment on Monday's report in the daily Izvestia claiming that the ships were to make a stopover in the Syrian port of Tartus
Tartus
on their way to Venezuela. Russian officials said the Soviet-era base there was being renovated to serve as a foothold for a permanent Russian navy presence in the Mediterranean.[78] In late November 2011, Pravda
Pravda
and Reuters
Reuters
wrote that a naval flotilla led by the aircraft carrier Admiral
Admiral
Kuznetsov would sail to its naval base in Tartus
Tartus
as a show of support for the al-Assad regime.[79][80] Such a visit is not possible because the lengths of all of Russia's current modern warships exceed the size of the two 100 meter piers located at the Russian leasehold in Tartus. (see next paragraph) On 29 November 2011, Army General Nikolay Makarov, Chief of the Russian General Staff, said that sending ships of the Russian Navy
Navy
to the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
is linked to exercises and not to the situation in Syria. "In the event of necessity, namely to carry out repairs, to take water and food on board and to allow rest for the crews, Russian ships may visit Tartus
Tartus
but in this case this has not been included in the plan of the trip," the Interfax source said. He also noted that the size of Admiral
Admiral
Kuznetsov does not allow it to moor in Tartus because the port does not have suitable infrastructure, i.e., large enough mooring.[81]

Caribbean Sea[edit]

On September 8, 2008, it was announced that the Pyotr Velikiy would sail to the Caribbean Sea
Caribbean Sea
in order to participate in naval exercises with the Venezuelan Navy. This action would represent the first major Russian show of force in that sea since the end of the Cold War.[82] On 22 September the Kirov class nuclear missile cruiser Pyotr Velikiy and the Udaloy class large anti-submarine ship Admiral
Admiral
Chabanenko, accompanied by support vessels, left their homeport of Severomorsk
Severomorsk
for naval exercises with Venezuela
Venezuela
scheduled for early November 2008.[83] On November 25, 2008, a group of warships from Russia's Northern Fleet arrived at the Venezuelan port of La Guaira. "The Udaloy class destroyer Admiral
Admiral
Chabanenko has docked in port, while the Pyotr Veliky missile cruiser has dropped anchor off La Guaira," said Capt. 1st Rank Igor Dygalo[84] It was reported on 13 May 2013 that the Russian Navy
Navy
is planning a foray into the Atlantic and as far as Latin America during the summer. Navy
Navy
Deputy Commander-in-Chief Vice-Adm Aleksandr Fedotenkov stated that ships of the Black Sea
Black Sea
Fleet, led by the Slava-class cruiser Moskva will join vessels from the Baltic and Northern Fleets in conducting training in the Atlantic, including visits to unidentified Latin American ports. The deployment is planned for late summer to early autumn and will be completed in October.[85]

East Africa: Somali Coast[edit]

On September 24, 2008, the Russian frigate Neustrashimyy left its home base at Baltiysk, Kaliningrad
Kaliningrad
Oblast, Russia, for counter-piracy operations near the Somali coast, said Russian Navy
Navy
spokesman Captain 1st Rank Igor Dygalo.[86][87] On November 19, 2008, Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy
Navy
Admiral Vysotskiy, speaking to the official news agency, RIA Novosti, stated that the Russian Navy
Navy
would send additional vessels to the area.[88][89] From January 11 through 17 March 2009, the Admiral
Admiral
Vinogradov took up the counter-piracy mission from the Neustrashimyy and upon completion took a course home to Vladivostok
Vladivostok
by way of a port visit to Jakarta, Indonesia 24–28 March 2009.[90][91] From 26 April through 7 June 2009, the Pacific Fleet destroyer Admiral Panteleyev took up counter-piracy duties in the Gulf of Aden, having left Vladivostok
Vladivostok
at the end of March 2009 to relieve the Admiral Vinogradov. It returned to Vladivostok
Vladivostok
on 1 July.[92][93] On 29 June 2009, the Pacific Fleet destroyer Admiral
Admiral
Tributs was preparing to depart Vladivostok
Vladivostok
to relieve Admiral
Admiral
Panteleyev for counter-piracy operations in the Gulf of Aden. Depending on the situation, the deployment could last from two to six months.[94]

Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea[edit] Main article: Cam Ranh Air Base[95]

On 11 January 2009, Army General Makarov, Chief of the Russian General Staff, announced that the Kirov class nuclear-powered cruiser Pyotr Velikiy and five other ships would take part in exercises with the Indian Navy
Navy
in late January 2009.[96]

See also[edit]

Future of the Russian Navy Russian Naval Academy List of ships of the line of Russia List of aircraft carriers of Russia
Russia
and the Soviet Union List of Russian Navy
Navy
cruisers List of Russian Navy
Navy
equipment List of ships of Russia
Russia
by project number List of Soviet and Russian submarine classes List of active Russian Navy
Navy
ships for current Order of Battle of the Russian Navy Russian Hydrographic Service Russian Torpedoes

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WorldRIA Novosti. En.rian.ru (2008-10-16). Retrieved on 2010-09-09. ^ Radyuhin, Vladimir (2012-08-08). " Russia
Russia
to build naval strength in Arctic zone". The Hindu.  ^ Mark, Mazzetti; Thom Shanker (August 2, 2012). "Russian Subs Patrolling Off East Coast of U.S." New York Times. Retrieved 2012-10-04. A pair of nuclear-powered Russian attack submarines has been patrolling off the eastern seaboard of the United States in recent days, a rare mission that has raised concerns inside the Pentagon and intelligence agencies about a more assertive stance by the Russian military. ; Mark, Mazzetti; Thom Shanker (August 6, 2009). "Pentagon: Russian subs no cause for alarm". UPI. Retrieved 2012-10-04. The presence of two Russian submarines seen cruising off America's East Coast should not be cause for alarm, the U.S. Defense Department said. ; and "Two Russian Nuclear Submarines Make USA Shake With Fear". Pravda. August 8, 2009. Retrieved 2012-10-04. Two Russian nuclear submarines have been patrolling the USA's East Coast during the recent several days, The New York Times
New York Times
wrote. One of the submarines was detected Tuesday about 200 miles off the US coast, anonymous sources at the Pentagon said.  ^ Phillip Ewing (August 20, 2012). "Pentagon Denies Russian Sub Patrolled Gulf of Mexico". United States Naval Institute. Retrieved 2012-10-04.  ^ Gertz, Bill (August 14, 2012). "Silent Running". Washington Free Beacon. Retrieved 2012-10-04. A Russian nuclear-powered attack submarine armed with long-range cruise missiles operated undetected in the Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
for several weeks and its travel in strategic U.S. waters was only confirmed after it left the region, the Washington Free Beacon has learned. ; Gertz, Bill (August 21, 2012). " Torpedo
Torpedo
Run". Washington Free Beacon. Retrieved 2012-10-04. A member of the Senate Armed Services Committee
Senate Armed Services Committee
has asked the Navy's top admiral to explain reports that a Russian submarine operated undetected in the Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
recently. ; "Reports of Russian sub in gulf downplayed". UPI. August 19, 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-04. Russia
Russia
declined to confirm or deny a media report that one of its submarines spent a month in the Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
without the knowledge of the United States. ; and "Russian submarine sailed incognito along the coast of the U.S." Pravda. August 21, 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-04. A Russian nuclear submarine of project 971 ("Jaws", in NATO classification), armed with long-range cruise missiles, sailed for a long time without being detected in the waters along the U.S. coastline, the Gulf of Mexico, informs the Washington Free Beacon, citing an unnamed U.S. official.  ^ a b Over 40 Russian planes to take part in naval drills in Atlantic RIA Novosti
RIA Novosti
Retrieved on April 11, 2008 ^ a b Thirty Russian aircraft take part in exercises over two oceans, RIA Novosti
RIA Novosti
Retrieved on April 11, 2008 ^ "Russian Mediterranean
Mediterranean
Naval Build-Up Challenges NATO Sixth Fleet Domination". Defense Update. Retrieved 14 December 2014.  ^ Russia
Russia
to build up presence in global ocean – navy commander, RIA Novosti, Retrieved on April 11, 2008 ^ Russian warships head to Mediterranean
Mediterranean
RussiaRIA Novosti. En.rian.ru. Retrieved on 2010-09-09. ^ Russian naval task force to visit Libya on Saturday RussiaRIA Novosti. En.rian.ru. Retrieved on 2010-09-09. ^ [1][dead link] ^ "Russian Pacific Fleet Warships Enter Mediterranean
Mediterranean
Waters for the 1st Time in Decades". Retrieved 14 December 2014.  ^ Interfax, Moscow
Moscow
1031 GMT 08 May 13 ^ Interfax-AVN, Moscow
Moscow
0905 GMT 14 May 13 ^ "Russian warship heading for Atlantic after exercise with Norway". Retrieved 14 December 2014.  ^ "Servicing of Russian aircraft-carrying warship expected to be completed in 2013". Retrieved 14 December 2014.  ^ "Royal Navy
Navy
to 'man mark' Putin's fleet as Russians
Russians
begin TEN-SHIP pincer move". 20 October 2016. Retrieved 10 October 2017.  ^ "Russian spy ship patrols 30 miles off the coast of Connecticut". Retrieved 10 October 2017.  ^ David R. Sands, " Russia
Russia
Expanding Navy
Navy
into Mediterranean
Mediterranean
Sea", The Washington Times, August 7, 2007. ^ "Big Russian flotilla led by Admiral
Admiral
Kuznetsov carrier heads for Syrian port". DEBKAfile. August 21, 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-22.  ^ " Syria
Syria
and Russia
Russia
strengthen naval cooperation" Itar-Tass news agency via Haaretz. Retrieved September 12, 2008. Archived September 15, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Russian navy ships head to Venezuela". CNN. Archived from the original on December 19, 2008.  ^ " Russia
Russia
sent military ships to base in Syria". Pravda. November 30, 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-12-01. Retrieved 2011-12-01.  ^ Thomas Grove (November 28, 2011). " Russia
Russia
sending warships to its base in Syria". Rueters. Retrieved 2011-12-01.  ^ Interfax, Moscow
Moscow
29 Nov 11 ^ Reuters: Russia
Russia
says to send battleship to Caribbean Sea[dead link] ^ [ITAR-TASS 22 Sep 2008] ^ Russian naval task force starts Venezuela
Venezuela
visit – 2 WorldRIA Novosti. En.rian.ru (2008-11-25). Retrieved on 2010-09-09. ^ Interfax-AVN military news agency, Moscow, in Russian 2013 May 1 ^ Moscow
Moscow
Interfax-Agenstvo Voyennykh Novostey 24 Sep 2008 ^ (The Ukrainian merchant vessel Faina was seized by Somali pirates on 25 September. The deployment of the Neustrashimyy was not in response to the seizure of the Faina.) ^ [2][dead link] ^ " Russia
Russia
sending more ships in pirate crackdown". CNN. 2008-11-20. Retrieved 2010-05-23.  ^ Moscow
Moscow
ITAR-TASS 1754 GMT 11 Jan 2008, Moscow
Moscow
INTERFAX 11 Jan 2008 ^ Морская коллегия. – Новости. Отряд кораблей Тихоокеанского флота в составе большого противолодочного корабля «Адмирал Виноградов» и танкера «Борис Бутома» закончил патрулирование в районе Африканского рога. Morskayakollegiya.ru (2010-08-30). Retrieved on 2010-09-09. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 2010-10-08.  ^ "Адмирал Пантелеев" вернулся во Владивосток после успешно выполненной миссии -Русское зарубежье, российские соотечественники, русские за границей, русские за рубежом, соотечественники, русскоязычное население, русские общины, диаспора, эмиграция. Russkie.org. Retrieved on 2010-09-09. ^ Телеканал "Звезда". Tvzvezda.ru. Retrieved on 2010-09-09. ^ "Москва швартуется к Камрани". Retrieved 10 October 2017.  ^ Moscow
Moscow
ITAR-TASS 1125 GMT 11 Jan 09

Further reading[edit]

Lebedev A.A. To March and Battle Ready? The Combat Capabilities of Naval Squadrons Russian Sailing Fleet XVIII – mid XIX centuries. from the Point of View of the Status of Their Personnel. SPb, 2015. ISBN 978-5-904180-94-2 Reuben Johnson, "Russian Navy
Navy
'faces irreversible collapse,'" Jane's Defence Weekly, 15 July 2009, and link to original Russian article at ВМФ умрет в ближайшие годы. Nvo.ng.ru (2009-07-03). Retrieved on 2010-09-09. " Russia
Russia
Will Not Build Aircraft Carriers Till 2010." RIA Novosti. May 16, 2005. (Via Lexis-Nexis, July 27, 2005).

See also[edit]

Future of the Russian Navy List of Russian admirals List of Russian naval engineers List of Russian military accidents List of Russian military bases abroad Ministry of Defence (Russia) Military history of the Russian Federation Awards and decorations of the Russian Federation Awards and Emblems of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation Honorary titles of the Russian Federation

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Navy
Navy
of Russia.

Pushing the limits of the Russian Navy Kommersant-Vlast, Translation of 'The Entire Russian Fleet', 2008 Russian Navy Lists of Russian Naval Vessels (World Navies Today): This site has not been updated since 2003. Russian Navy
Navy
Weapons Ships of Russia Russian Navy
Navy
History A Brief Guide to the Russian Navy Video: Russia's naval task force exercises in the Atlantic. Official web site of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation In Russian (in English) Russian Navy
Navy
2011 – Complete Ship List

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