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Rumelia
Rumelia
(Ottoman Turkish: روم ايلى‎, Rūm-ėli; Turkish: Rumeli), also known as Turkey
Turkey
in Europe, was a historical term describing the area in southeastern Europe
Europe
that was administered by the Ottoman Empire, mainly the Balkan Peninsula.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Geography 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Etymology[edit] The term Rûm means "Roman", while Rumelia
Rumelia
(Turkish: Rumeli) means "Land of the Romans" in Turkish, referring to the lands conquered by the Ottoman Turks from the Byzantine Empire, at the time still known as the Roman Empire (the neologism "Byzantine Empire" was coined only in 1557 by a German historian, Hieronymus Wolf, in his work Corpus Historiæ Byzantinæ[1]). As such, "Roman" was long used in various languages around the Balkans
Balkans
to describe the lands of that empire. Indeed today the region is known by Bosnian: Rumelija, Greek: Ρωμυλία, Romylía, or Ρούμελη, Roúmeli; Albanian: Rumelia; Macedonian and Serbian: Румелија, Rumelija and Bulgarian: Румелия, Rumeliya. In old Latin Genoese documents it is known as Romania, the common name for the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
in the Middle Ages. Originally, the Seljuk Turks
Seljuk Turks
used the name "Land of the Rûm" (Romans) for defining Anatolia, which was gradually conquered by the armies of the Seljuk Empire
Seljuk Empire
from the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
following the Battle of Manzikert in 1071. The Seljuk Sultanate of Rum
Sultanate of Rum
(1077–1307) meant the "Sultanate of Anatolia". However, following the expansion of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
into Anatolia and the Balkans
Balkans
starting from the second half of the 14th century, and the conquest of Constantinople (Istanbul) in 1453 by Mehmed II, the term Rumeli (Land of the Romans) was applied exclusively to define the Balkan regions of the Ottoman Empire, which remained primarily populated by Christians. Geography[edit]

Rumeli Hisarı (Rumelian Fortress, 1452) on the European shore of the Bosphorus
Bosphorus
strait in Istanbul.

Rumelia
Rumelia
included the provinces of Thrace, Macedonia and Moesia, today's Bulgaria
Bulgaria
and Turkish Thrace, bounded to the north by the rivers Sava
Sava
and Danube, west by the Adriatic coast, and south by the Morea.[2] The name Rumelia
Rumelia
was ultimately applied to a province composed of central Albania and north-western Macedonia, with Bitola for its chief town. Owing to administrative changes effected between 1870 and 1875, the name ceased to correspond to any political division. Eastern Rumelia was constituted as an autonomous province of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
by the Treaty of Berlin, 1878,[2] but on September 6, 1885, after a bloodless revolution, it was united with Bulgaria.[3] The Kosovo Vilayet
Kosovo Vilayet
was created in 1877.[4] Today, in Turkey, the word Trakya (Thrace) has mostly replaced Rumeli (Rumelia) when referring to the part of Turkey
Turkey
which is in Europe (provinces of Edirne, Kırklareli, Tekirdağ, the northern part of Çanakkale Province
Çanakkale Province
and the western part of Istanbul
Istanbul
Province), though Rumelia
Rumelia
remains in use in historical contexts and the word is used in the context of the culture of current Turkish populations of the Balkans
Balkans
and descendants of Turkish immigrants from the Balkans. This region in Turkey
Turkey
is also referred to as Eastern Thrace
Thrace
or Turkish Thrace. In Greece, the term Ρούμελη (Rumeli) has been used since Ottoman times to refer to Central Greece, especially when juxtaposed with the Peloponnese
Peloponnese
or Morea. The word Rumeli is also used in some cases (mostly by Istanbul
Istanbul
denizens) to refer exclusively to the part of Istanbul
Istanbul
Province that is situated west of the Bosphorus. See also[edit]

Turks in the Balkans Sultanate of Rum Rum Millet Millet (Ottoman Empire) Ottoman wars in Europe Ottoman Greece Ottoman Bulgaria Ottoman Vardar Macedonia Ottoman Serbia Ottoman Bosnia and Herzegovina Ottoman Croatia Ottoman Albania Ottoman Montenegro Ottoman Kosovo Ottoman Romania Ottoman Moldova Ottoman Hungary Ottoman Slovakia Ottoman Ukraine Upper Thracian Plain
Upper Thracian Plain
— in Bulgaria. Western Thrace
Thrace
— in Greece.

References[edit]

^ Encyclopædia Britannica – Rumelia
Rumelia
at Encyclopædia Britannica.com ^ a b Reclus, Onésime; Ibáñez, Vicente Blasco; Reclus, Élisée; Doré, Gustave (1907). Novísima Geografía Universal. Madrid La Edit. Española-Americana. p. 636. OCLC 432767489.  (in Spanish) ^ Frucht, Richard (2004). Eastern Europe: An Introduction to the People, Lands, and Culture. ABC-CLIO. p. 807. ISBN 1576078000.  ^ Verena Knaus and Gail Warrander (2010). Kosovo. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 11. ISBN 1841623318. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)

External links[edit]

Bulgaria
Bulgaria
portal Greece
Greece
portal Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
portal

 "Rumelia". Encyclopædia Britannica. 23 (11th ed.). 1911. 

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 247634869 GND: 4050949-7 BNF: cb12403714g (data)

Coordinates: 41°00′00″N 21°20′00″E / 41.0000°N 21.3333°E

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