Jungle Book is a 1942 independent Technicolor action-adventure film by the Hungarian Korda brothers, based on a screenplay adaptation by Laurence Stallings of Rudyard Kipling's The Jungle Book, about a wild boy who is kidnapped by villagers who are cruel to animals as they attempt to steal a dead king's cursed treasure. The film was directed by Zoltán Korda, produced by his brother Alexander and art directed by their younger brother Vincent. The cinematography was by Lee Garmes and W. Howard Greene and the music was by Miklós Rózsa. The film starred Sabu as Mowgli. Because of the war, the British Korda brothers had moved their film making to Hollywood in 1940, and Jungle Book is one of the films they made during that Hollywood period.
1 Plot 2 Cast 3 Production 4 Reception 5 Awards 6 Soundtrack album 7 See also 8 References 9 External links
Plot In an Indian village, Buldeo, an elderly storyteller, is paid by a visiting British memsahib to tell a story of his youth. He speaks of the animals of the jungle and of the ever-present threats to human life posed by the jungle itself. He then recalls his earlier life: As a younger man he dreams that his village could one day become an important town and that the jungle could be conquered. However, when he is speaking about these dreams, an attack by Shere Khan, the tiger, leads to the death of a man and the loss of the man's child. The child is adopted by wolves in the jungle and grows to be the wild youth Mowgli. Years later, Mowgli is captured by the villagers and taken in by his mother Messua, though she does not recognize him as her lost child. He learns to speak and tries to imitate the ways of men, as well as becomes friendly with Buldeo's daughter, Mahala – much to Buldeo's distress, since he is convinced that the wild Mowgli is dangerous. When Mowgli and Mahala explore the jungle, they discover a hidden chamber in a ruined palace, containing fabulous wealth. Warned by an aged cobra that the wealth brings death, they leave, but Mahala takes one coin as a memento. When Buldeo sees the coin, he tries to force Mowgli to tell him where the treasure is, but Mowgli refuses. Buldeo resolves to follow Mowgli to the site of the treasure. Later Mowgli fights and kills Shere Khan, with some last minute help from Kaa, the python. As he is skinning the body, Buldeo arrives. He threatens Mowgli with a gun, but is attacked by Mowgli's friend Bagheera, the black panther. Buldeo becomes convinced that Bagheera is Mowgli himself, shape-shifted into panther form. He tells the villagers that Mowgli is a witch, as is his mother. Mowgli is chained up and threatened with death, but escapes with his mother's help. However, she and another villager who tries to defend her are tied up and themselves threatened with burning for witchcraft. Mowgli is followed by the greedy Buldeo and two friends, a priest and a barber, to the lost city. They find the treasure (including a golden elephant goad with a big ruby intact) and leave for the village with as much as they can carry. But when they stop for the night, the priest tries to steal the goad from the barber's share and murders him when the barber wakes up. The priest unconvincingly tells Buldeo that the barber had attacked him and that he had killed in self-defense, but Buldeo knows better. The next day, the priest attacks Buldeo while his back is turned, but Buldeo knocks him into the swamp where he is killed by a crocodile. Mowgli, who'd been trailing the men, tells Bagheera to chase Buldeo, the sole survivor, from the jungle, and Buldeo flees for his life, jettisoning the treasure he'd been carrying. Enraged and maddened, Buldeo tries to murder Mowgli and even the jungle itself, by starting a forest fire. The fire rages, but the wind turns and threatens the village. The villagers flee, but Mowgli's mother and her defender are trapped. Mowgli brings the elephants to the village and breaks open the building, escaping to the river with his mother, Mahala and other villagers. He is invited to follow them to a new life downriver, but refuses to leave the jungle, turning back to help animals trapped by the fire. The scene returns to the present day, with the elderly Buldeo telling his story and admitting that the jungle defeated his youthful dreams, and because of his actions his reputation was destroyed. When asked what became of Mowgli and his daughter, as well as how he escaped from the fire himself, he looks into the camera and says that is another story.
Cast Patricia O'Rourke and Sabu Sabu as Mowgli Joseph Calleia as Buldeo John Qualen as The Barber Frank Puglia as The Pundit Rosemary DeCamp as Messua Patricia O'Rourke as Mahala Ralph Byrd as Durgaived Faith Brook as English girl Noble Johnson as Sikh Production In 1940, the three Korda brothers left London for Hollywood, where two of their films that had begun production in the UK were completed: The Thief of Bagdad and That Hamilton Woman. United Artists lent Alexander Korda $300,000 to finance the production of Jungle Book, which was produced by the American company he set up for his Hollywood productions: Alexander Korda Films, Inc. Laurence Stalling's adaptation was criticised for straying too far from the original, as well as the frequent disagreements between brothers Alexander and Zoltán did not help matters. Zoltán wanted an underplayed realistic story, while Alex favoured an exuberant fantasist epic. Alex, as always, got his way in the end.
Reception The film was a notable success at the box office. In the United States, its 1942 release earned $1.3 million in rentals, making it one of United Artists' top three highest-grossing films at the time. In the United Kingdom, its 1948 re-release earned £86,089 ($344,356). In France, it was one of the top ten highest-grossing films of 1946, drawing 5,084,962 admissions at the box office. At an average late-1940s admission price of 50 francs, this was equivalent to 254,248,100 francs ($727,088). The film's combined gross from its US and France releases, and its UK re-release, was approximately $2.4 million (equivalent to $81 million adjusted for inflation). On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has a critical approval of 50%, based on 12 reviews, with an average rating 6.9/10.
Awards The film was nominated for four Academy Awards.
Nominated Best Art Direction-Interior Decoration, Color (Vincent Korda, Julia Heron) Best Visual Effects (Lawrence W. Butler, William H. Wilmarth) Best Original Score Best Cinematography Soundtrack album In 1943 the film's score, in a recording made directly from the soundtrack, was released on a 78-RPM record album with narration by Sabu, the film's star, added. It became the first commercial recording of a non-musical U.S. film's orchestral score to be released. The album was a success. Although the film is in the public domain, the master 35MM elements are with ITV Studios Global Entertainment. An official video release is currently available via The Criterion Collection.
See also List of films in the public domain in the United States References
^ Karol Kulik, Alexander Korda: The Man Who Could Work Miracles, Virgin 1990 p 258
^ a b c BFI Screenonline: Jungle Book (1942) Retrieved 2013-01-05
^ Balio, Tino (2009). United Artists: The Company Built by the Stars. University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 978-0-299-23004-3..mw-parser-output cite.citation font-style:inherit .mw-parser-output .citation q quotes:"""""""'""'" .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration color:#555 .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help .mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output code.cs1-code color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error display:none;font-size:100% .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error font-size:100% .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format font-size:95% .mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left padding-left:0.2em .mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right padding-right:0.2em p172
^ "101 Pix Gross in Millions" Variety 6 Jan 1943 p 58
^ Vincent Porter, 'The Robert Clark Account', Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, Vol 20 No 4, 2000
^ Todd, Mike. "Graph of £/$ exchange rate (1940 - today)". An American Encyclopedia. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
^ French box office of 1946 at Box Office Story
^ Sadoul, Georges (1953). French Film. Falcon Press. p. 111. In 1949 the average price of admission was 50 francs (Is.).
^ "Pacific Exchange Rate Service" (PDF). UBC Sauder School of Business. University of British Columbia. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
^ "Adjusting for Movie Ticket Price Inflation". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
^ Jungle Book, retrieved 2018-11-03
^ "The 15th Academy Awards (1943) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2013-06-22.
^ "NY Times: Jungle Book". NY Times. Retrieved 2008-12-15.
^ "The Ensemble Sospeso – Miklos Rozsa". Archived from the original on 19 April 2001.
^ "Rudyard Kipling's Jungle Book (1942) - Articles - TCM.com". Turner Classic Movies.
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Jungle Book on IMDb Rudyard Kipling's Jungle Book at AllMovie Rudyard Kipling's Jungle Book at the TCM Movie Database Rudyard Kipling's Jungle Book at the American Film Institute Catalog Rudyard Kipling's Jungle Book at the BFI's Screenonline Rudyard Kipling's Jungle Book is available for free download at the Internet Archive Jungle Book 2016 CC is available for free download at the Internet Archive Criterion Collection Essay vteRudyard Kipling's The Jungle BookBooks The Jungle Book (1894) The Second Jungle Book (1895) All the Mowgli Stories (1933) Mowgli stories "Mowgli's Brothers" "Kaa's Hunting" "Tiger! Tiger!" "Letting in the Jungle" "Red Dog" Other stories "Rikki-Tikki-Tavi" "Toomai of the Elephants" Characters Mowgli Baloo Bagheera Akela Raksha Kaa Hathi Shere Khan Bandar-log King Louie Disney franchiseFilm The Jungle Book (1967) The Jungle Book (1994) The Jungle Book: Mowgli's Story (1998) The Jungle Book 2 (2003) The Jungle Book (2016) Television TaleSpin (1990–91) Jungle Cubs (1996–1998) Soundtrack "Colonel Hathi's March" "The Bare Necessities" "I Wan'na Be like You" "Trust in Me" "That's What Friends Are For" "My Own Home" "Jungle Jungle Baat Chali Hai" Video games The Jungle Book (1993) The Jungle Book Groove Party (2000) Other The Jungle Book: Alive with Magic Colonel Hathi's Pizza Outpost Other adaptationsFilm Elephant Boy (1937) Rudyard Kipling's Jungle Book (1942) Adventures of Mowgli (1967-1971) The Second Jungle Book: Mowgli & Baloo (1997) Mowgli: Legend of the Jungle (2018) Television Mowgli's Brothers (1976) Jungle Book Shōnen Mowgli (1989–90) episodes Mowgli: The New Adventures of the Jungle Book (1998) The Jungle Book (2010–) Other The Third Jungle Book (1992) A dzsungel könyve Djungelboken Related Law of the jungle Mowgli syndrome The Graveyard Book (2008)
vteFilms directed by Zoltan Korda The Eleven Devils (1927) Men of Tomorrow (1932) Cash (1933) Sanders of the River (1935) Conquest of the Air (1936) Forget Me Not (1936) Elephant Boy (1937) The Drum (1938) The Four Feathers (1939) Rudyard Kipling's Jungle Book (1942) Sahara (1943) Counter-Attack (1945) The Macomber Affair (1947) A Woman's Vengeance (1948) Cry, the Beloved Country (1952) Storm Over the Nile (1955)
vteFilms by Alexander KordaAs director Watchhouse in the Carpathians (1914) The Duped Journalist (1914) Tutyu and Totyo (1914) Lea Lyon (1915) The Officer's Swordknot (1915) White Nights (1916) The Grandmother (1916) Tales of the Typewriter (1916) The Man with Two Hearts (1916) The One Million Pound Note (1916) Cyclamen (1916) Struggling Hearts (1916) The Laughing Saskia (1916) Miska the Magnate (1916) St. Peter's Umbrella (1917) The Stork Caliph (1917) Magic (1917) Harrison and Barrison (1917) Faun (1918) The Man with the Golden Touch (1918) Mary Ann (1918) Ave Caesar! (1919) White Rose (1919) Yamata (1919) Man of Gold (1919) Neither at Home or Abroad (1919) Number 111 (1919) The Prince and the Pauper (1920) Masters of the Sea (1922) A Vanished World (1922) Samson and Delilah (1922) The Unknown Tomorrow (1923) Everybody's Woman (1924) Tragedy in the House of Habsburg (1924) Dancing Mad (1925) Madame Wants No Children (1926) A Modern Dubarry (1927) The Stolen Bride (1927) The Private Life of Helen of Troy (1927) Yellow Lily (1928) Night Watch (1928) Love and the Devil (1929) The Squall (1929) Her Private Life (1929) Lilies of the Field (1930) Women Everywhere (1930) The Princess and the Plumber (1930) The Men Around Lucy (1931) Rive gauche (1931) Marius (1931) Längtan till havet (1931) The Golden Anchor (1932) Service for Ladies (1932) Wedding Rehearsal (1932) The Private Life of Henry VIII (1933) La dame de chez Maxim's (1933) The Girl from Maxim's (1933) The Private Life of Don Juan (1934) Rembrandt (1936) That Hamilton Woman (1941) Perfect Strangers (1945) An Ideal Husband (1947) As producer only Women Who Play (1932) Men of Tomorrow (1932) That Night in London (1932) Strange Evidence (1933) Counsel's Opinion (1933) Cash (1933) Catherine the Great (1934) The Private Life of the Gannets (1934) (short) The Scarlet Pimpernel (1934) Things Are Looking Up (1935) Sanders of the River (1935) Wharves and Strays (1935) (short) The Ghost Goes West (1935) Miss Bracegirdle Does Her Duty (1936) (short) The Fox Hunt (1936) Things to Come (1936) I Stand Condemned (1936) Men Are Not Gods (1936) Forget Me Not (1936) The Man Who Could Work Miracles (1936) Fire Over England (1937) I, Claudius (1937) (unfinished) Dark Journey (1937) Elephant Boy (1937) Farewell Again (1937) Storm in a Teacup (1937) Action for Slander (1937) Knight Without Armour (1937) The Squeaker (1937) Return of the Scarlet Pimpernel (1937) Paradise for Two (1937) The Divorce of Lady X (1938) The Drum (1938) South Riding (1938) The Challenge (1938) Prison Without Bars (1938) Q Planes (1939) The Four Feathers (1939) The Rebel Son (1939) The Spy in Black (1939) The Lion Has Wings (1939) Over the Moon (1939) 21 Days (1940) Conquest of the Air (1940) The Thief of Bagdad (1940) Old Bill and Son (1941) Lydia (1941) To Be or Not to Be (1942) Rudyard Kipling's Jungle Book (1942) The Biter Bit (1943) (short) The Shop at Sly Corner (1947) A Man about the House (1947) Mine Own Executioner (1947) Night Beat (1948) Anna Karenina (1948) The Winslow Boy (1948) The Fallen Idol (1948) Bonnie Prince Charlie (1948) That Dangerous Age (1949) The Last Days of Dolwyn (1949) Saints and Sinners (1949) The Third Man (1949) The Cure for Love (1950) The Happiest Days of Your Life (1950) The Angel with the Trumpet (1950) The Bridge of Time (1950) (short documentary) My Daughter Joy (1950) State Secret (1950) The Wooden Horse (1950) Seven Days to Noon (1950) Lady Godiva Rides Again (1951) The Wonder Kid (1951) Mr. Denning Drives North (1952) Outcast of the Islands (1952) Home at Seven (1952) Who Goes There! (1952) Cry. the Beloved Country (1952) Edinburgh (1952) (short documentary) Road to Canterbury (1952) (short documentary) The Sound Barrier (1952) The Holly and the Ivy (1952) The Ringer (1953) Folly to Be Wise (1953) Twice Upon a Time (1953) The Captain's Paradise (1953) The Story of Gilbert and Sullivan (1953) The Man Between (1953) The Heart of the Matter (1954) Hobson's Choice (1954) The Belles of St. Trinian's (1954) The Teckman Mystery (1954) The Man Who Loved Redheads (1955) Three Cases of Murder (1955) A Kid for Two Farthings (1955) The Deep Blue Sea (1955) Summertime (1955) Storm Over the Nile (1955) Richard III (195