The Info List - Rudolf Holsti

Eino Rudolf Woldemar Holsti (8 October 1881 in Jyväskylä – 3 August 1945 in Palo Alto, California)[1] was a Finnish politician, journalist and diplomat. He was the Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1919–1922 and in 1936–1938[2] and a member of the Finnish Parliament in 1913–1918 representing the Young Finnish Party (Nuorsuomalainen Puolue).


From 1919 he represented the National Progressive Party.[3] Holsti represented Finland in the League of Nations. He was also a republican (opposing the then ongoing movement for monarchy in Finland). A firm supporter of democracy, he openly criticized Adolf Hitler at the outbreak of war. Holsti worked for newspapers in Hämeenlinna, Lahti and Helsinki together with his friend and school companion Joel Lehtonen. The friendship ended abruptly when Holsti recognized himself as the satirically portrayed and fictive politician Rolf Idell in Lehtonen's book Sorron lapset (1924). Holsti was also Envoy to Estonia from 1923 to 1927.[4]

Later in life, Dr. Holsti taught at Stanford University, after he moved to United States with his two sons: Kalevi and Olavi Holsti (both respected political scientists in their own right). He maintained a healthy correspondence with president Herbert Hoover, and the prime minister and president of Finland. He died on August 3, 1945 at Palo Alto Hospital while undergoing surgery to repair a hernia. His wife Liisa died of tuberculosis on July 22, 1951.

Honorary degrees



  1. ^ "Rudolf Holsti: Kansanedustajana 02.02.1914 - 28.05.1918, 05.09.1922 - 10.04.1923" (in Finnish). Eduskunta. Archived from the original on 2011-06-11. 
  2. ^ "Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland - Ministers of Foreign Affairs". Valtioneuvosto.fi. Retrieved 30 January 2018. 
  3. ^ Sakari Virkkunen, "The Presidents of Finland", volume I, Helsinki: Otava Publications Ltd., 1994
  4. ^ "Ajalugu" (in Finnish). Embassy of Finland, Tallinn. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  5. ^ Rudolf Holsti at the Parliament of Finland Archive


  • Pietiäinen, Jukka-Pekka; Rudolf Holsti, Lehtimies, tiedemies, poliitikko 1881- 1919, Weilin+Göös 1986 .

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Carl Enckell
Foreign Minister of Finland
Succeeded by
Carl Enckell
Preceded by
Antti Hackzell
Foreign Minister of Finland
Succeeded by
Väinö Voionmaa

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