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Sir Ronald Harwood, CBE, FRSL (born Ronald Horwitz; 9 November 1934) is an author, playwright and screenwriter. He is most noted for his plays for the British stage as well as the screenplays for The Dresser (for which he was nominated for an Oscar) and The Pianist, for which he won the 2003 Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Adapted Screenplay. He was nominated for the Best Adapted Screenplay Oscar for The Diving Bell and the Butterfly (2007).

Contents

1 Early life and career 2 Recognition 3 Personal life 4 Bibliography

4.1 Stage plays 4.2 Screenplays 4.3 Books and published works

5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links

Early life and career[edit] Harwood was born Ronald Horwitz in Cape Town, South Africa, the son of Isobel (née Pepper) and Isaac Horwitz.[1] Harwood moved from Cape Town to London in 1951 to pursue a career in the theatre. He changed his surname from Horwitz to Harwood after an English master told him it was too foreign and too Jewish for a stage actor.[2] After training for the stage at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, he joined the Shakespeare
Shakespeare
Company of Sir Donald Wolfit. From 1953 to 1958, Harwood was Sir Donald's personal dresser. He would later draw on this experience when he wrote the stage play, The Dresser, and the biography, Sir Donald Wolfit CBE: His life and work in the Unfashionable Theatre. In 1959, after leaving the Donald Wolfit Company, he joined the 59 Theatre Company for a season at the Lyric Hammersmith during which time he played the role of Pablo both in the stage debut of Alun Owen's play The Rough and Ready Lot and in its 1959 television adaptation.[3][4] In 1960, Harwood began a career as a writer and published his first novel, All the Same Shadows in 1961, the screenplay, Private Potter
Private Potter
in 1962, and the produced stage play, March Hares in 1964. Harwood continued at a prolific pace penning more than 21 stage plays, and 10 books. He also created more than 16 screen plays, but seldom wrote original material directly for the screen, usually acting as an adapter, sometimes of his own work (notably The Dresser). One of the recurring themes in Harwood's work is his fascination for the stage, its performing artists and artisans as displayed in The Dresser, his plays, After the Lions (about Sarah Bernhardt), Another Time (a semi-autobiographical piece about a gifted South African pianist), Quartet (about ageing opera singers) and his non-fiction book All the World's a Stage, a general history of theatre. Harwood also has a strong interest in the Nazi
Nazi
period, especially the situation of individuals who either voluntarily collaborated with the Nazis or, alternatively, who faced strong pressure to do so and had, in each case, to work out their own personal combination of resistance, deception and compromise. His work focusing on this period includes the films Operation Daybreak
Operation Daybreak
(covering the assassination by the Czechoslovakian Resistance of Nazi
Nazi
leader Reinhard Heydrich), The Statement (a fictionalized account of the post-War life-on-the-run of French collaborator Paul Touvier), The Pianist (an adaptation of the autobiography of the Jewish-Polish musician Władysław Szpilman covering his survival during the Nazi
Nazi
occupation of Poland), the play later adapted to film Taking Sides (focused on the post-War "de-Nazification" investigation of the German conductor Wilhelm Furtwängler), the play Collaboration
Collaboration
(about the composer Richard Strauss and his partnership with the Jewish writer Stefan Zweig), and the play An English Tragedy (dealing with the British fascist John Amery).[5][6] Harwood also wrote the screenplay for the films, The Browning Version (1994) with Albert Finney, Being Julia
Being Julia
(2004) with Annette Bening
Annette Bening
and Jeremy Irons, and Roman Polanski's version of Oliver Twist (2005) with Ben Kingsley. He won an Academy Award
Academy Award
for the script of The Pianist, having already been nominated for The Dresser
The Dresser
in 1983. Harwood received his third Oscar nomination for Best Adapted Screenplay in 2007 for his adaptation of the memoir by Jean-Dominique Bauby, The Diving Bell and the Butterfly, for which he also won a BAFTA
BAFTA
and the Prix Jacques Prévert du Scénario in 2008, for Best Adaptation. In 2008, Harwood was also awarded the Humanitas Award
Humanitas Award
in recognition of The Diving Bell and the Butterfly. Recognition[edit] Harwood was president of the English PEN
English PEN
Club from 1989 to 1993, and of PEN International
PEN International
from 1993 to 1997. He was chairman of the Royal Society of Literature from 2001 to 2004, and is president of the Royal Literary Fund since 2005. He was made Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature (FRSL) in 1974, Knight (Chevalier) of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres in 1996, and Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in 1999. In 2003, he was appointed a member at the Department of Language and Literature of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts. He was awarded a DLitt degree from Keele University
Keele University
in 2002,[7] honoured with a Doctor Honoris Causa
Doctor Honoris Causa
from the Krastyo Sarafov National Academy for Theatre and Film Arts (Sofia, Bulgaria) in 2007, made an Honorary Fellow of the Central School of Speech and Drama
Central School of Speech and Drama
(London, England) in 2007, and an Honorary Fellow of the University of Chichester
University of Chichester
in 2009. Harwood was knighted in the 2010 Birthday Honours.[8] National Life Stories
National Life Stories
conducted an oral history interview (C1173/02) with Harwood in 2005-2007 for its An Oral History of Theatre Design collection held by the British Library.[9] Zeta-Jones joins cricket buffs Duckworth and Lewis on honours list</ref> He has been the Chairman of the Yvonne Arnaud Theatre, Guildford
Guildford
since 2008. In June 2013, he was awarded an honorary degree from the University of Aberdeen
University of Aberdeen
by the Duchess of Rothesay.[10] He received the National Jewish Theatre Foundation Lifetime Achievement Award in 2014. In May 2017 an authorized biography of Harwood, Speak Well of Me by W. Sydney Robinson, was published by Oberon Books. Personal life[edit] He attended the Seapoint Boys' High School in that area of Cape Town. He moved to England in 1951. In 1959, he married Natasha Riehle (1938–2013), a descendant of Russian nobility. They had three children: Antony (born 1960), Deborah (born 1963), and Alexandra (born 1966).[11] The actor Sir Antony Sher is his cousin. He is the brother of South African dance critic Eve Borland.[12] Bibliography[edit] Stage plays[edit]

March Hares (Liverpool, 1964) Country Matters (69 Theatre Company, Manchester, 1969) The Good Companions (musical by André Previn
André Previn
and Johnny Mercer), libretto (Her Majesty's Theatre, 1974) The Ordeal of Gilbert Pinfold, adapted from Evelyn Waugh's novel (Royal Exchange Theatre, Manchester
Manchester
and the Round House, London, 1977, A Family (Royal Exchange Theatre, Manchester
Manchester
and the Theatre Royal, Haymarket, 1978) The Dresser
The Dresser
(The Royal Exchange, Manchester
Manchester
and Queen's Theatre, 1980; Duke of York's Theatre, 2005)[13] After the Lions (The Royal Exchange, Manchester
Manchester
, 1982) Tramway Road (Lyric Hammersmith,1984) The Deliberate Death of a Polish Priest (Almeida Theatre, 1985) Interpreters (Queen's Theatre, 1985) J J Farr ( Theatre Royal, Bath
Theatre Royal, Bath
and Phoenix Theatre, 1987) Ivanov, translation of Chekhov's play (Strand Theatre,1989) Another Time (Bath and Wyndham's Theatre,1989) Reflected Glory (Darlington and Vaudeville Theatre, 1992) Poison Pen, about the death of composer Peter Warlock
Peter Warlock
(the Royal Exchange, Manchester, 1993)) Taking Sides, about the conductor Wilhelm Furtwängler
Wilhelm Furtwängler
(Minerva Theatre, Chichester,1995 and 2008; Duchess Theatre, 2009) The Handyman (Minerva Theatre, Chichester, 1996) Quartet (Albery Theatre, 1999) Goodbye Kiss/Guests, double bill about the South African diaspora (Orange Tree Theatre, 2000) Mahler's Conversion (Yvonne Arnaud Theatre, Guildford
Guildford
and Aldwych Theatre, 2001) See U Next Tuesday, adaptation of Francis Veber's Diner de Cons (Gate Theatre, Dublin, 2002 and Albery Theatre, 2003) An English Tragedy, based on the true story of the British fascist John Amery
John Amery
(Palace Theatre Watford, 2008) Collaboration, based on the relationship between the composer Richard Strauss and the writer Stefan Zweig
Stefan Zweig
(Minerva Theatre, Chichester, 2008; Duchess Theatre, 2009) Taking Tea With Stalin[dubious – discuss]

Screenplays[edit]

Private Potter
Private Potter
(1962) A High Wind in Jamaica (1965) Diamonds for Breakfast (1968) Eyewitness (1970) One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich
One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich
(1971) Operation Daybreak
Operation Daybreak
(1975) The Dresser
The Dresser
(1983) (also producer) The Doctor and the Devils
The Doctor and the Devils
(1985) (from a script by Dylan Thomas) The Browning Version (1994) Cry, the Beloved Country (1995) Taking Sides (2001) The Pianist (2002) The Statement (2003) Being Julia
Being Julia
(2004) Oliver Twist (2005) Love in the Time of Cholera (2007) The Diving Bell and the Butterfly (2007) Australia (2008) Quartet (2012)

Books and published works[edit]

All the Same Shadows (novel) Cape (1961) George Washington September Sir! (novel) Avon (1961) The Guilt Merchants (novel) Cape (1963) ISBN 978-0-030-81338-2 The Girl in Melanie Klein (novel) Secker & Warburg (1969) ISBN 978-0-030-76440-0 Sir Donald Wolfit: His Life and Work in the Unfashionable Theatre (biography) Secker & Warburg (1971) ISBN 0-436-19121-0 Articles of Faith (novel – Winifred Holtby
Winifred Holtby
Prize) Secker & Warburg (1973) ISBN 0-436-19122-9 The Genoa Ferry (novel) Secker & Warburg (1976) ISBN 0-436-19123-7 César and Augusta (novel about the composer César Franck) Secker & Warburg (1978) ISBN 0-436-19119-9 One. Interior. Day. Adventures in the Film Trade, Secker & Warburg (1978) ISBN 0-436-19124-5 New Stories 3: An Arts Council Anthology (with Francis King) Hutchinson (1978) ISBN 0-09-133271-0 The Dresser
The Dresser
(play) Grove Press (1981) ISBN 0-394-17936-6 A Night at the Theatre (editor), Methuen (1982) ISBN 0-413-49950-2 The Ordeal of Gilbert Pinfold
The Ordeal of Gilbert Pinfold
(play) Amber Lane (1983) ISBN 0-906399-42-4 After the Lions (play) Amber Lane (1983) ISBN 0-906399-41-6 All the World's a Stage (theatre history), Secker & Warburg (1984) ISBN 0-436-19132-6 The Ages of Gielgud, an Actor at Eighty, Hodder & Stoughton (1984) ISBN 0-340-34828-3 Tramway Road (play) Amber Lane (1984) ISBN 0-906399-58-0 The Deliberate Death of a Polish Priest (play) Amber Lane (1985) ISBN 0-906399-63-7 Interpreters (play) Amber Lane (1986) ISBN 0-906399-67-X Mandela (a Channel Four book), Boxtree (1987) ISBN 1-85283-204-5 Dear Alec: Guinness at 75 (editor), Hodder & Stoughton (1989) ISBN 0-340-49954-0 Another Time (play) Amber Lane (1989) ISBN 0-906399-98-X Reflected Glory (play) Faber (1992) ISBN 0-571-16463-3 Home (novel) Weidenfeld & Nicolson (1993) ISBN 0-297-81368-4 The Collected Plays of Ronald Harwood, Faber (1993) ISBN 0-571-17001-3 The Faber Book of the Theatre (editor) Faber (1994) ISBN 0-571-16481-1 Harwood Plays: Two (Contemporary Classics), Faber (1995) ISBN 90-01-87742-7 The Handyman (play) Faber (1997) ISBN 0-571-19041-3 Quartet/Equally Divided (plays) Faber (1999) ISBN 0-571-20092-3) Mahler's Conversion (play) Faber (2001) ISBN 978-0-571-21231-6 The Pianist/Taking Sides (screenplays) Faber (2003) ISBN 0-571-21281-6 An English Tragedy (play) Faber (2006) ISBN 0-571-23328-7 Ronald Harwood's Adaptations: From Other Works Into Films, Guerilla Books (2007) ISBN 978-0-9554943-0-7

See also[edit]

List of Jews from Sub-Saharan Africa List of British Jews List of South Africans

References[edit]

^ http://www.filmreference.com/film/83/Ronald-Harwood.html ^ Walker, Tim "In Praise of the Patriotic Playwright", The Spectator, 14 June 2006 ^ Owen, Alun (1960). The Rough and Ready Lot: A play in Three Acts. Cover design by Elisabeth Frink
Elisabeth Frink
(First ed.). London: Encore Publishing Co. Ltd. p. 4.  ^ "The Rough and Ready Lot", Radio Times, London (1871), p. 19, 18 September 1959, retrieved 6 April 2016  ^ Financial Times interview with Ronald Harwood, 16 February 2008 ^ Evening Standard review, 19 February 2008 ^ Keele University ^ "No. 59446". The London Gazette
The London Gazette
(Supplement). 12 June 2010. p. 1.  ^ National Life Stories, 'Harwood, Ronald (5 of 18) An Oral History of Theatre Design', The British Library Board, 2007. Retrieved 1 February 2018 ^ "HRH The Duchess of Rothesay
Duchess of Rothesay
joins University 'family'". University of Aberdeen.  ^ "Lady Harwood (1938–2013)". Peerage News.  ^ "Final curtain for Eve Borland – dancer, teacher, critic." (21 August 2007) The Cape Times, Cape Town ^ Stage review of the 2004-5 revival of The Dresser

Further reading[edit]

Who's Who in the Theatre 17th edition, Gale (1981) ISBN 0-8103-0235-7 Halliwell's Who's Who in the Movies, 4th edition, HarperCollins (2006) ISBN 0-00-716957-4 Sydney Robinson, W., Speak Well of Me: the authorized biography of Ronald Harwood, London (2017) Theatre Record and its annual Indexes The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English, Oxford (1996) ISBN 0-19-212271-1

External links[edit]

Ronald Harwood on IMDb Ronald Harwood at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
AUSTRALIA: a Baz Luhrmann
Baz Luhrmann
film Sir Ronald Harwood: Screenwriting Lecture part of the BAFTA Screenwriters on Screenwriting series

Non-profit organization positions

Preceded by György Konrád International President of PEN International 1993–1997 Succeeded by Homero Aridjis

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Adapted Screenplay

1928–1950

Benjamin Glazer (1928) Hanns Kräly (1929) Frances Marion
Frances Marion
(1930) Howard Estabrook
Howard Estabrook
(1931) Edwin J. Burke (1932) Victor Heerman
Victor Heerman
and Sarah Y. Mason
Sarah Y. Mason
(1933) Robert Riskin
Robert Riskin
(1934) Dudley Nichols (1935) Pierre Collings
Pierre Collings
and Sheridan Gibney (1936) Heinz Herald, Geza Herczeg, and Norman Reilly Raine
Norman Reilly Raine
(1937) Ian Dalrymple, Cecil Arthur Lewis, W. P. Lipscomb, and George Bernard Shaw (1938) Sidney Howard
Sidney Howard
(1939) Donald Ogden Stewart
Donald Ogden Stewart
(1940) Sidney Buchman and Seton I. Miller (1941) George Froeschel, James Hilton, Claudine West, and Arthur Wimperis (1942) Philip G. Epstein, Julius J. Epstein, and Howard E. Koch (1943) Frank Butler, and Frank Cavett (1944) Charles Brackett and Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) Robert Sherwood (1946) George Seaton
George Seaton
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950)

1951–1975

Harry Brown and Michael Wilson (1951) Charles Schnee (1952) Daniel Taradash (1953) George Seaton
George Seaton
(1954) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1955) John Farrow, S. J. Perelman, and James Poe (1956) Carl Foreman
Carl Foreman
and Michael Wilson (1957) Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
(1958) Neil Paterson (1959) Richard Brooks
Richard Brooks
(1960) Abby Mann (1961) Horton Foote (1962) John Osborne
John Osborne
(1963) Edward Anhalt (1964) Robert Bolt (1965) Robert Bolt (1966) Stirling Silliphant (1967) James Goldman (1968) Waldo Salt (1969) Ring Lardner Jr.
Ring Lardner Jr.
(1970) Ernest Tidyman (1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Mario Puzo
Mario Puzo
(1972) William Peter Blatty
William Peter Blatty
(1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Mario Puzo
Mario Puzo
(1974) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
and Lawrence Hauben (1975)

1976–2000

William Goldman
William Goldman
(1976) Alvin Sargent (1977) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Alvin Sargent (1980) Ernest Thompson
Ernest Thompson
(1981) Costa-Gavras
Costa-Gavras
and Donald E. Stewart (1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Peter Shaffer (1984) Kurt Luedtke (1985) Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
and Mark Peploe (1987) Christopher Hampton
Christopher Hampton
(1988) Alfred Uhry
Alfred Uhry
(1989) Michael Blake (1990) Ted Tally (1991) Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
(1992) Steven Zaillian (1993) Eric Roth (1994) Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1995) Billy Bob Thornton
Billy Bob Thornton
(1996) Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
and Brian Helgeland (1997) Bill Condon (1998) John Irving
John Irving
(1999) Stephen Gaghan
Stephen Gaghan
(2000)

2001–present

Akiva Goldsman
Akiva Goldsman
(2001) Ronald Harwood (2002) Philippa Boyens, Peter Jackson, and Fran Walsh (2003) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
and Jim Taylor (2004) Larry McMurtry
Larry McMurtry
and Diana Ossana (2005) William Monahan
William Monahan
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Simon Beaufoy (2008) Geoffrey S. Fletcher
Geoffrey S. Fletcher
(2009) Aaron Sorkin
Aaron Sorkin
(2010) Alexander Payne, Jim Rash, and Nat Faxon
Nat Faxon
(2011) Chris Terrio (2012) John Ridley
John Ridley
(2013) Graham Moore (2014) Adam McKay
Adam McKay
and Charles Randolph (2015) Barry Jenkins
Barry Jenkins
and Tarell Alvin McCraney
Tarell Alvin McCraney
(2016) James Ivory
James Ivory
(2017)

v t e

BAFTA
BAFTA
Award for Best Adapted Screenplay

Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
(1983) Bruce Robinson
Bruce Robinson
(1984) Richard Condon and Janet Roach (1985) Kurt Luedtke (1986) Claude Berri
Claude Berri
and Gérard Brach (1987) Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
and Philip Kaufman
Philip Kaufman
(1988) Christopher Hampton
Christopher Hampton
(1989) Nicholas Pileggi
Nicholas Pileggi
and Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1990) Dick Clement, Roddy Doyle
Roddy Doyle
and Ian La Frenais (1991) Michael Tolkin
Michael Tolkin
(1992) Steven Zaillian (1993) Paul Attanasio
Paul Attanasio
(1994) John Hodge (1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) Baz Luhrmann
Baz Luhrmann
and Craig Pearce
Craig Pearce
(1997) Elaine May
Elaine May
(1998) Neil Jordan
Neil Jordan
(1999) Stephen Gaghan
Stephen Gaghan
(2000) Ted Elliott, Terry Rossio, Roger S. H. Schulman and Joe Stillman (2001) Charlie Kaufman
Charlie Kaufman
and Donald Kaufman (2002) Philippa Boyens, Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
and Fran Walsh (2003) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
and Jim Taylor (2004) Larry McMurtry
Larry McMurtry
and Diana Ossana (2005) Jeremy Brock and Peter Morgan (2006) Ronald Harwood (2007) Simon Beaufoy (2008) Jason Reitman
Jason Reitman
and Sheldon Turner (2009) Aaron Sorkin
Aaron Sorkin
(2010) Bridget O'Connor and Peter Straughan (2011) David O. Russell
David O. Russell
(2012) Steve Coogan
Steve Coogan
and Jeff Pope
Jeff Pope
(2013) Anthony McCarten (2014) Adam McKay
Adam McKay
and Charles Randolph (2015) Luke Davies
Luke Davies
(2016) James Ivory
James Ivory
(2017)

v t e

National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Screenplay

1967–2000

David Newman and Robert Benton (1967) John Cassavetes
John Cassavetes
(1968) Paul Mazursky
Paul Mazursky
and Larry Tucker (1969) Éric Rohmer
Éric Rohmer
(1970) Penelope Gilliatt (1971) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1972) George Lucas, Gloria Katz and Willard Huyck (1973) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1974) Robert Towne
Robert Towne
and Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1975) Alain Tanner
Alain Tanner
and John Berger
John Berger
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
and Marshall Brickman (1977) Paul Mazursky
Paul Mazursky
(1978) Steve Tesich
Steve Tesich
(1979) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
(1980) John Guare
John Guare
(1981) Murray Schisgal and Larry Gelbart
Larry Gelbart
(1982) Bill Forsyth
Bill Forsyth
(1983) Lowell Ganz, Babaloo Mandel and Bruce Jay Friedman (1984) Albert Brooks
Albert Brooks
and Monica Johnson (1985) Hanif Kureishi
Hanif Kureishi
(1986) John Boorman
John Boorman
(1987) Ron Shelton (1988) Gus Van Sant
Gus Van Sant
and Daniel Yost (1989) Charles Burnett (1990) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1991) David Webb Peoples (1992) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(1993) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
and Roger Avary
Roger Avary
(1994) Amy Heckerling (1995) Albert Brooks
Albert Brooks
and Monica Johnson (1996) Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
and Brian Helgeland (1997) Scott Frank (1998) Charlie Kaufman
Charlie Kaufman
(1999) Kenneth Lonergan
Kenneth Lonergan
(2000)

2001–present

Julian Fellowes
Julian Fellowes
(2001) Ronald Harwood (2002) Shari Springer Berman and Robert Pulcini
Shari Springer Berman and Robert Pulcini
(2003) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
and Jim Taylor (2004) Noah Baumbach
Noah Baumbach
(2005) Peter Morgan (2006) Tamara Jenkins
Tamara Jenkins
(2007) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2008) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2009) Aaron Sorkin
Aaron Sorkin
(2010) Asghar Farhadi
Asghar Farhadi
(2011) Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
(2012) Richard Linklater, Ethan Hawke, and Julie Delpy
Julie Delpy
(2013) Wes Anderson
Wes Anderson
(2014) Tom McCarthy and Josh Singer (2015) Kenneth Lonergan
Kenneth Lonergan
(2016) Greta Gerwig
Greta Gerwig
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 97890328 LCCN: n80032071 ISNI: 0000 0001 1452 9173 GND: 121987221 SELIBR: 285418 SUDOC: 032039018 BNF: cb12314521g (data) MusicBrainz: 9700b46f-1e26-41de-aa65-627700d4a301 NDL: 00468038 BNE: XX1112960 SN

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