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Roberto Busa
Roberto Busa
(November 28, 1913 – August 9, 2011) was an Italian Jesuit
Jesuit
priest and one of the pioneers in the usage of computers for linguistic and literary analysis.[1][2] He was the author of the Index Thomisticus, a complete lemmatization of the works of Saint Thomas Aquinas and of a few related authors.

Roberto Busa
Roberto Busa
- 2006 - In the background the Index Thomisticus

Contents

1 Biography 2 The Index Thomisticus 3 The Busa Prize 4 Recent projects 5 References 6 External links

Biography[edit] Born in Vicenza, the second of five children, he attended primary school in Bolzano
Bolzano
and grammar school in Verona
Verona
and in Belluno. In 1928 he entered the Episcopal Seminary of Belluno, completing high school there, and took the first two-year course of Theology with Albino Luciani, the future Pope John Paul I. In 1933 he joined the Society of Jesus, where he got a diploma in Philosophy in 1937 and one in Theology in 1941 and where he was ordained priest in 1940. From 1940 till 1943 he was an auxiliary army chaplain in the National Army and later in the partisan forces. In 1946 he graduated in Philosophy at the Papal Gregorian University
Gregorian University
of Rome with a degree thesis entitled "The Thomistic Terminology of Interiority", which was published in 1949. He was full professor of Ontology, Theodicy
Theodicy
and Scientific Methodology and, for some years, a librarian in the "Aloisianum" Faculty of Philosophy of Gallarate. The Index Thomisticus[edit] In 1946 he planned the Index Thomisticus, as a tool for performing text searches within the massive corpus of Aquinas's works. In 1949 he met with Thomas J. Watson, the founder of IBM, and was able to persuade him to sponsor the Index Thomisticus.[3] The project lasted about 30 years, and eventually produced in the 1970s the 56 printed volumes of the Index Thomisticus. In 1989, a CD-ROM version was produced. In addition, in 2005 a web-based version made its debut, sponsored by the Fundación Tomás de Aquino and CAEL; the design and programming of this version were carried about by E. Alarcón and E. Bernot, in collaboration with Busa. In 2006 the Index Thomisticus Treebank project (directed by Marco Passarotti) started the syntactic annotation of the entire corpus. The Busa Prize[edit] The Alliance of Digital Humanities Organizations (ADHO) awards the "Busa Prize", which honors leaders in the field of humanities computing. The first Busa Prize was awarded in 1998 to Busa himself. Later winners include:

John Burrows (Australia) (presented in 2001, New York, New York, USA) Susan Hockey (UK) (presented in 2004, Gothenburg, Sweden) Wilhelm Ott (Germany) (2007, Champaign-Urbana, Illinois, USA) Joseph Raben (USA) (2010, Kings College London, UK) Willard McCarty (UK) (2013, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA)[4] Helen Agüera (USA) (2016, Kraków, Poland)[5]

Recent projects[edit] Before his death, Busa had been teaching at the Papal Gregorian University in Rome, at the "Aloisianum" Faculty of Philosophy in Gallarate, and at the Catholic Sacred Heart University in Milan. He was also working at the LTB project (LTB stands for Bicultural Thomistic Lexicon), which aims at understanding the Latin concepts used by Thomas Aquinas in the terms of contemporary culture. References[edit]

^ "Pioneering the computational linguistics and the largest published work of all time". IBM. Archived from the original on 2012-03-27. Retrieved 2011-08-11.  ^ Thomas N. Winter, « Roberto Busa, S.J., and the Invention of the Machine-Generated Condordance », Digital commons, University of Nebraska [1] ^ "Stop the reader, Fr. Busa has died". L'Osservatore Romano. Retrieved 2011-08-11.  ^ " Roberto Busa
Roberto Busa
Prize". The Alliance of Digital Humanities Organizations. Retrieved 2013-08-16.  ^ "ADHO Announces the Winner of the 2016 Busa Prize". The Alliance of Digital Humanities Organizations. Retrieved 2017-02-11. 

External links[edit]

Corpus Thomisticum Web-based Index Thomisticus search engine Index Thomisticus Treebank Association for Literary and Linguistic Computing - Honorary Members Digital Humanities WebHome Religion: Sacred Electronics Time Magazine, Dec. 31, 1956.

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 90141929 LCCN: n83142257 ISNI: 0000 0001 1774 2383 GND: 118858009 SUDOC: 028518918 BNF: cb12033883h (data) ICC

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