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The name Robert is an ancient
Germanic given name Germanic given name A given name (also known as a forename or first name) is the part of a personal name quoted in that identifies a person, potentially with a middle name as well, and differentiates that person from the other members of ...
, from
Proto-Germanic Proto-Germanic (abbreviated PGmc; also called Common Germanic) is the linguistic reconstruction, reconstructed proto-language of the Germanic languages, Germanic branch of the Indo-European languages. Proto-Germanic eventually developed from ...
"fame" and "bright" (''Hrōþiberhtaz''). Compare
Old Dutch In linguistics, Old Dutch (Dutch: Oudnederlands) or Old Low Franconian (Dutch: Oudnederfrankisch) is the set of Franconian languages, Franconian dialects (i.e. dialects that evolved from Frankish language, Frankish) spoken in the Low Countries ...
''Robrecht'' and
Old High German Old High German (OHG; german: Althochdeutsch (Ahd.)) is the earliest stage of the German language, conventionally covering the period from around 750 to 1050. There is no standardised or supra-regional form of German at this period, and Old High ...
''Hrodebert'' (a compound of '' Hruod'' ( non, Hróðr) "fame, glory, honour, praise, renown" and ''
berht Bert is a hypocoristic form of a number of various Germanic male given names, such as Robert, Albert, Elbert, Herbert, Hilbert, Hubert, Gilbert, Wilbert, Filbert, Norbert, Osbert, Bertram, Berthold, Bertrand, Umberto, Humbert, Cu ...
'' "bright, light, shining"). It is the second most frequently used given name of ancient Germanic origin. It is also in use as a surname. Another commonly used form of the name is Rupert. After becoming widely used in Continental Europe it entered England in its Old French form ''Robert'', where an
Old English Old English (, ), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest recorded form of the English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language of the Indo-European language family, with its earliest forms spoken by the inhabita ...
cognate form (''Hrēodbēorht'', ''Hrodberht'', ''Hrēodbēorð'', ''Hrœdbœrð'', ''Hrœdberð'', ''Hrōðberχtŕ'') had existed before the
Norman Conquest The Norman Conquest (or the Conquest) was the 11th-century invasion and occupation of England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west a ...
. The feminine version is Roberta. The Italian, Portuguese, and Spanish form is
Roberto The name Robert is an ancient Germanic given name Germanic given name A given name (also known as a forename or first name) is the part of a personal name quoted in that identifies a person, potentially with a middle name as well ...
. Robert is also a common name in many Germanic languages, including English, German, Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish, Scots,
Danish Danish may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to the country of Denmark ) , song = ( en, "King Christian stood by the lofty mast") , song_type = National and royal anthem , image_map = EU-Denmark.svg , map_caption = , subdivisi ...
, and Icelandic. It can be used as a French, Polish, Irish, Finnish, Romanian, and Estonian name as well.


Variations


Popularity and trivia

The name ''Robert'' was a royal name in France, Germany, Scotland and England during the medieval period, and was the name of several kings, dukes, and other rulers and noblemen. It was one of the most popular male names in medieval Europe, likely due to its frequent usage amongst royalty and nobility. To this day, ''Robert'' remains one of the most frequently given male names. ''Robert'' was in the top 10 most given boys' names in the United States for 47 years, from 1925 to 1972. While some names become less frequently used due to negative associations, ''Robert'' is still widely used despite its connection to many negatively evaluated
historical figures A historical figure is a significant person in history History (derived ) is the systematic study and the documentation of the human activity. The time period of event before the invention of writing systems is considered prehistory. "H ...
. In Italy during the
Second World War World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a world war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. It involved the World War II by country, vast majority of the world's countries—including all of the great power ...
, the form of the name, Roberto, briefly acquired a new meaning derived from, and referring to the Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis. The name's second component, ''*berhta-'', is the original root for the modern English word "bright".


People named Robert


Royalty

;Kings of Scotland *
Robert I of Scotland Robert I (11 July 1274 – 7 June 1329), popularly known as Robert the Bruce (Scottish Gaelic: ''Raibeart an Bruis''), was King of Scots from 1306 to his death in 1329. One of the most renowned warriors of his generation, Robert eventuall ...
(1274–1329) ("Robert the Bruce"), king and national hero of Scotland, legendary for his victory at the
Battle of Bannockburn The Battle of Bannockburn ( gd, Blàr Allt nam Bànag or ) fought on June 23–24, 1314, was a victory of the army of King of Scots Robert the Bruce over the army of King Edward II of England in the First War of Scottish Independence. It was ...
, one of the most prominent and skilled warriors of his time who freed Scotland from the English rule during the
Wars of Scottish Independence The Wars of Scottish Independence were a series of military campaigns fought between the Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of England in the late 13th and early 14th centuries. The First War of Scottish Independence, First War (1296–1328) ...
*
Robert II of Scotland Robert II (2 March 1316 – 19 April 1390) was King of Scots from 1371 to his death in 1390. The son of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland, and Marjorie Bruce, Marjorie, daughter of King Robert the Bruce, he was the first monarch of th ...
(Robert Stewart) (1316–1390), one of the principal commanders at the
Battle of Halidon Hill The Battle of Halidon Hill took place on 19 July 1333 when a Scottish army under Archibald Douglas (died 1333), Sir Archibald Douglas attacked an English army commanded by King Edward III of England () and was heavily defeated. The year bef ...
*
Robert III of Scotland Robert III (c. 13374 April 1406), born John Stewart, was King of Scots from 1390 to his death in 1406. He was also High Steward of Scotland from 1371 to 1390 and held the titles of Earl of Atholl (1367–1390) and Earl of Carrick (1368– ...
(c. 1337/40–1406) ;Kings of France *
Robert I of France The name Robert is an ancient Germanic given name, from Proto-Germanic Proto-Germanic (abbreviated PGmc; also called Common Germanic) is the linguistic reconstruction, reconstructed proto-language of the Germanic languages, Germanic ...
(c.866–923) *
Robert II of France Robert II (c. 972 – 20 July 1031), called the Pious (french: link=no, le Pieux) or the Wise (french: link=no, le Sage), was King of the Franks from 996 to 1031, the second from the Capetian dynasty. Crowned Junior King in 987, he assisted h ...
(972–1031) ;King of Naples *
Robert of Naples Robert of Anjou ( it, Roberto d'Angiò), known as Robert the Wise ( it, Roberto il Saggio; 1276 – 20 January 1343), was King of Naples, titular King of Jerusalem and Count of Provence and Forcalquier from 1309 to 1343, the central figure of ...
(1276–1343) ;King of Germany * Robert of Germany (Rupertus, Rex Romanorum) (1352–1410) ;King of Hungary and Croatia * Charles I Robert (1288–1342) ;King of Bulgaria * Robert of Bulgaria,
Tsar Tsar ( or ), also spelled ''czar'', ''tzar'', or ''csar'', is a title used by East Slavs, East and South Slavs, South Slavic monarchs. The term is derived from the Latin word ''Caesar (title), caesar'', which was intended to mean "emperor" i ...
of the
Kingdom of Bulgaria The Tsardom of Bulgaria ( bg, Царство България, translit=Tsarstvo Balgariya), also referred to as the Third Bulgarian Tsardom ( bg, Трето Българско Царство, translit=Treto Balgarsko Tsarstvo, links=no), someti ...
(1894–1943), one of the principal commanders of
European theatre of World War II The European theatre of World War II was one of the two main Theater (warfare), theatres of combat during World War II. It saw heavy fighting across Europe for almost six years, starting with Nazi Germany, Germany's invasion of Poland on 1 Sept ...
;Dukes of Normandy *
Robert I, Duke of Normandy Robert the Magnificent (french: le Magnifique;He was also, although erroneously, said to have been called 'Robert the Devil' (french: le Diable). Robert I was never known by the nickname 'the devil' in his lifetime. 'Robert the Devil' was a fic ...
(1000–1035), also known as Robert the Magnificent or Robert the Devil; father of William the Conqueror *
Robert Curthose Robert Curthose, or Robert II of Normandy ( 1051 – 3 February 1134, french: Robert Courteheuse / Robert II de Normandie), was the eldest son of William the Conqueror and succeeded his father as Duke of Normandy in 1087, reigning until 1106. ...
(c.1051–1134, son of William the Conqueror, claimant to throne of Kingdom of England. ;Duke of Chartres * Prince Robert, Duke of Chartres, Crown Prince of France (1840–1910) ;Duke of Parma *
Robert I, Duke of Parma Robert I (Italian: ''Roberto Carlo Luigi Maria''; 9 July 1848 – 16 November 1907) was the last sovereign Duke of Parma, Duke of Parma and Piacenza from 1854 until 1859, when the duchy was annexed to Sardinia-Piedmont during the ''Italian uni ...
(1848–1907) ;Count of Flanders *
Robert I, Count of Flanders Robert I ( – 13 October 1093), known as ''Robert the Frisian'', was count of Flanders The count of Flanders was the ruler or sub-ruler of the county of Flanders The County of Flanders was a historic territory in the Low Countries. From ...
(c.1035–1093) *
Robert II, Count of Flanders Robert II, Count of Flanders (c. 1065 – 5 October 1111) was Count of Flanders from 1093 to 1111. He became known as Robert of Jerusalem (''Robertus Hierosolimitanus'') or Robert the Crusader after his exploits in the First Crusade. Early li ...
(c.1065–1111). ;Crown Prince of Bavaria * Robert I, crown prince of Bavaria (1869–1955), also known as Prince Rupprecht, last heir apparent to the Bavarian throne. ;Latin Emperor and Emperor of Constantinople *
Robert I, Latin Emperor Robert I, also Robert of Courtenay (died 1228), Latin Emperor of Constantinople, was a younger son of the emperor Peter II of Courtenay, and Yolanda of Flanders. When it became known in France that Peter of Courtenay was dead, his eldest son, Phil ...
(d. 1228), Emperor of the Latin Empire and Constantinopole ;Duke of Sicily and Prince of Benevento *
Robert Guiscard Robert Guiscard (; Modern ; – 17 July 1085) was a Normans, Norman adventurer remembered for the Norman conquest of southern Italy, conquest of southern Italy and Sicily. Robert was born into the Hauteville family in Normandy, went on to become ...
(c. 1015–1085), Norman nobleman, adventurer and explorer, leader of the conquest of southern Italy and Sicily


Medieval figures

*
Robert III of Artois Robert III of Artois (1287 – between 6 October & 20 November 1342) was Lord of Conches-en-Ouche, of Château de Domfront, Domfront, and of Mehun-sur-Yèvre, and in 1309 he received as appanage the county of Beaumont-le-Roger in restitution for ...
(1287–1342), Lord of Conches-en-Ouche, of Domfront, and of Mehun-sur-Yèvre, Earl of Richmond. * Robert of Bellême, 3rd Earl of Shrewsbury, Anglo-Norman nobleman, and one of the most prominent figures in the competition for the succession to England and Normandy, member of the House of Bellême * Robert de Craon (died 1147), the second Grand Master of the
Knights Templar The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon ( la, Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Salomonici), also known as the Order of Solomon's Temple, the Knights Templar, or simply the Templars, was a Catholic military order, o ...
from June 1136 until his death. *
Robert de Juilly Robert de Juilly or Robert de Juliac (died 27 July 1377) was the Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller from 1374 to his death. He was succeeded by the famous Juan Fernández de Heredia Juan Fernández de Heredia (in Aragonese language, Ara ...
(died 1377), Grand Master of the
Knights Hospitaller The Order of Knights of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem ( la, Ordo Fratrum Hospitalis Sancti Ioannis Hierosolymitani), commonly known as the Knights Hospitaller (), was a medieval and early modern Catholic Church, Catholic Military ord ...
from 1374 to his death * Robert IV of Sablé (1150–1193), eleventh
Grand Master of the Knights Templar The grand master of the Knights Templar The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon ( la, Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Salomonici), also known as the Order of Solomon's Temple, the Knights Templar, or simply ...
from 1191 to 1192 and Lord of Cyprus from 1191 to 1192.


Folk heroes

* Robert Huntington, known as
Robin Hood Robin Hood is a legendary heroic outlaw originally depicted in English folklore and subsequently featured in literature and film. According to legend, he was a highly skilled archery, archer and swordsman. In some versions of the legend, he ...
, legendary heroic outlaw and nobleman originally depicted in English folklore, highly skilled archer and swordsman, sometimes regarded as a national hero of England *
Robert Roy Macgregor Robert Roy MacGregor ( gd, Raibeart Ruadh MacGriogair; 7 March 1671 – 28 December 1734) was a Scottish outlaw, who later became a folk hero A folk hero or national hero is a type of hero – real, fictional or mythological – with thei ...
(1671–1734), Scottish outlaw and national hero


Nobility

* Robert Benson, 1st Baron Bingley * Robert Bertie, 1st Earl of Lindsey *
Robert Bruce, 1st Earl of Ailesbury Robert Bruce, 1st Earl of Ailesbury (later styled Aylesbury) and 2nd Earl of Elgin, Privy Council of England, PC, Royal Society, FRS (ca. March 1626 – 20 October 1685), was a Scottish politician who sat in the House of Commons of England, H ...
*
Robert Carey, 1st Earl of Monmouth Robert Carey, 1st Earl of Monmouth (ca. 1560 – 12 April 1639) (or "Cary") was an English nobleman and courtier. He was the youngest son of Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon, Chamberlain (office), chamberlain and first cousin of Queen Elizabeth I, ...
*
Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset (c. 158717 July 1645), was a politician, and favourite of King James VI and I. Background Robert Kerr was born in Wrington, Somerset, England, the younger son of Thomas Kerr of Ferniehirst, Sir Thomas Kerr (C ...
*
Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, (14 September 1864 – 24 November 1958), known as Lord Robert Cecil from 1868 to 1923,As the younger son of a Marquess, Cecil held the courtesy title of "Lord". However, he ...
, British lawyer, politician and diplomat, one of the architects of the
League of Nations The League of Nations (french: link=no, Société des Nations ) was the first worldwide Intergovernmental organization, intergovernmental organisation whose principal mission was to maintain world peace. It was founded on 10 January 1920 by ...
; *
Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, (1 June 156324 May 1612), was an English statesman noted for his direction of the government during the Union of the Crowns, as Tudor England gave way to Stuart period, Stuart rule (1603). Lord Salisbury s ...
* Sir Robert Dashwood, 1st Baronet, English politician *
Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, Knight of the Garter, KG, Privy Counsellor, PC (; 10 November 1565 – 25 February 1601) was an English nobleman and a favourite of Queen Elizabeth I. Politically ambitious, and a committed general, he was ...
, English nobleman and military commander *
Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester, (24 June 1532 – 4 September 1588) was an English statesman and the favourite of Elizabeth I from her accession until his death. He was a suitor for the queen's hand for many years. Dudley's youth was ov ...
, British statesman and military commander, governor-general of British Empire *
Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, Order of the Bath, KB, Privy Counsellor, PC (; 11 January 1591 – 14 September 1646) was an English Member of parliament, Parliamentarian and soldier during the first half of the 17th century. With the sta ...
, British nobleman and military leader in
English Civil War The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of civil wars and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists led by Charles I ("Cavaliers"), mainly over the manner of Kingdom of England, England's governanc ...
and
Roundhead Roundheads were the supporters of the Parliament of England during the English Civil War (1642–1651). Also known as Parliamentarians, they fought against King Charles I of England and his supporters, known as the Cavaliers or Royalists, who ...
* Robert Finlay, 1st Viscount Finlay, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain * Sir Robert Gordon, 1st Baronet, Scottish politician and courtier * Robert Greville, 2nd Baron Brooke, English Baron, military commander and
Roundhead Roundheads were the supporters of the Parliament of England during the English Civil War (1642–1651). Also known as Parliamentarians, they fought against King Charles I of England and his supporters, known as the Cavaliers or Royalists, who ...
general * Robert Harley, British statesman and
Master of the Mint Master of the Mint is a title within the Royal Mint given to the most senior person responsible for its operation. It was an important office in the governments of Kingdom of Scotland, Scotland and Kingdom of England, England, and later Kingdom of ...
* Robert Henley, 1st Earl of Northington, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain *
Robert Herbert, 12th Earl of Pembroke Robert Henry Herbert, 12th Earl of Pembroke and 9th Earl of Montgomery (19 September 1791 – 25 April 1862) was a British nobleman and peer. He was in line for great estates and position as head of the distinguished Herbert family and heir to ...
*
Sir Robert Inglis, 2nd Baronet Sir Robert Harry Inglis, 2nd Baronet, FRS (12 January 1786 – 5 May 1855) was an English Conservative Conservatism is a Philosophy of culture, cultural, Social philosophy, social, and political philosophy that seeks to promote and ...
, English Conservative politician; * Robert Kerr, 1st Earl of Ancram * Robert Kerr, 1st Marquess of Lothian *
Sir Robert Kingsmill, 1st Baronet Sir Robert Brice Kingsmill, 1st Baronet (1730 – 23 November 1805) was an officer of the Royal Navy The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force. Although warships were used by Kingdom of England, English and Kingd ...
, Royal navy officer *
Robert III de La Marck Robert III de La Marck (1491, Sedan, Ardennes – 1537), ''Seigneur'' of Fleuranges, was a Marshal of France and historian. Self-styled "The Young Adventurer," he was one of Francis I's close companions in the last years of Louis XII's life, an ...
, ''Seigneur'' of
Fleuranges Fleuranges may refer to: * Robert III de La Marck Robert III de La Marck (1491, Sedan, Ardennes – 1537), ''Seigneur'' of Fleuranges, was a Marshal of France and historian. Self-styled "The Young Adventurer," he was one of Francis I's close c ...
,
Marshal of France Marshal of France (french: Maréchal de France, plural ') is a French military distinction, rather than a military rank, that is awarded to General officer, generals for exceptional achievements. The title has been awarded since 1185, though bri ...
* Robert Maxwell, 1st Earl of Nithsdale, Scottish nobleman and military commander * Robert Maxwell, 5th Lord Maxwell, Scottish soldier and nobleman, member of the Council of Regency of the Kingdom of Scotland, Regent of the Isle of Arran, patriarch of the House of Maxwell/
Clan Maxwell Clan Maxwell is a Scottish clan A Scottish clan (from Goidelic languages, Gaelic , literally 'children', more broadly 'kindred') is a kinship group among the Scottish people. Clans give a sense of shared identity and descent to members, a ...
* Robert Paston, 1st Earl of Yarmouth *
Sir Robert Peel, 1st Baronet Sir Robert Peel, 1st Baronet (25 April 1750 – 3 May 1830) was a British politician and industrialist and one of early textile manufacturers of the Industrial Revolution. He is one of ten known British millionaires in 1799. He was the father ...
, British politician and industrialist and one of early textile manufacturers of the
Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in Great Britain, continental Europe, and the United States, that occurred during the period from around 1760 to about 1820–1840. This transition included going fr ...
, father of Sir
Robert Peel Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet, (5 February 1788 – 2 July 1850) was a British Conservative Party (UK), Conservative statesman who served twice as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1834–1835 and 1841–1846) simultaneously serving as Cha ...
, twice Prime Minister of the United Kingdom *
Robert Pierrepont, 1st Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull Robert Pierrepont, 1st Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull (6 August 158425 July 1643) was an English nobleman who joined the Royalist side in the English Civil War The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of civil wars and political mac ...
*
Robert Raymond, 1st Baron Raymond Robert Raymond, 1st Baron Raymond, (20 December 167318 March 1733) was a British judge and politician who sat in the House of Commons The House of Commons is the name for the elected lower house of the bicameral parliaments of the United K ...
* Robert Reid, 1st Earl Loreburn *
Robert Rich, 2nd Earl of Warwick Robert Rich, 2nd Earl of Warwick (5 June 158719 April 1658), Lord of the Manor of Hunningham,Hunningham, in A History of the County of Warwick: Vol. 6, Knightlow Hundred, ed. L F Salzman (London, 1951), pp. 117–120. was an English colonial a ...
*
Robert Rolfe, 1st Baron Cranworth Robert Monsey Rolfe, 1st Baron Cranworth, Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, PC (18 December 1790 – 26 July 1868) was a British lawyer and Liberal Party (UK), Liberal politician. He twice served as Lord Chancellor, Lord High Chancell ...
, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain * Lord Robert Walpole, 2nd Earl of Orford, British peer and politician *
Robert Windsor-Clive, 1st Earl of Plymouth Robert George Windsor-Clive, 1st Earl of Plymouth, (27 August 1857 – 6 March 1923), known as the 14th Baron Windsor between 1869 and 1905, was a British nobleman and Conservative politician. He was the founding President of the London Soci ...
, British nobleman and Conservative politician *
Robert Stewart, 1st Marquess of Londonderry Robert Stewart, 1st Marquess of Londonderry Privy Council of Ireland, PC (Ire) (1739–1821), was a County Down landowner, Irish Volunteers (18th century), Irish Volunteer, and member of the parliament who, exceptionally for an Ulster Scots peo ...
*
Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry, (18 June 1769 – 12 August 1822), usually known as Lord Castlereagh, derived from the courtesy title Viscount Castlereagh ( ) by which he was styled from 1796 to 1821, was an Anglo-Irish politician ...
, Irish/British statesman, and British
Foreign Secretary The secretary of state for foreign, Commonwealth and development affairs, known as the foreign secretary, is a Secretary of State (United Kingdom), minister of the Crown of the Government of the United Kingdom and head of the Foreign, Commonwe ...


Religious figures and saints

* Saint
Robert Bellarmine Robert Bellarmine, SJ ( it, Roberto Francesco Romolo Bellarmino; 4 October 1542 – 17 September 1621) was an Italian Jesuit and a Cardinal (Catholicism), cardinal of the Catholic Church. He was canonization, canonized a saint in 1930 and named ...
(died in 1621), Jesuit
Doctor of the Church Doctor of the Church (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally a dialect spoken in the lower Tiber area (then known as Latium) aro ...
, one of the leaders of
Roman Inquisition The Roman Inquisition, formally the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Roman and Universal Inquisition, was a system of partisan tribunals developed by the Holy See The Holy See ( lat, Sancta Sedes, ; it, Santa Sede ), also called the See ...
and
Galileo affair The Galileo affair ( it, il processo a Galileo Galilei) began around 1610 and culminated with the trial and condemnation of Galileo Galilei by the Roman Inquisition, Roman Catholic Inquisition in 1633. Galileo was prosecuted for his support of h ...
* Saint Robert of Bury (died 1181) * Robert Holman, 36th
Abbot ''Abbot'' is an ecclesiastical title given to the male head of a monastery in various Western religious traditions, including Christianity. The office may also be given as an honorary title to a clergyman who is not the head of a monastery. The ...
of Ten Duinen Abbey * Saint
Robert of Molesme Robert of Molesme (1028 – 17 April 1111) was an abbot ''Abbot'' is an ecclesiastical title given to the male head of a monastery in various Western religious traditions, including Christianity. The office may also be given as an honor ...
(d. 1111), founder of the
Cistercian Order The Cistercians, () officially the Order of Cistercians ( la, (Sacer) Ordo Cisterciensis, abbreviated as OCist or SOCist), are a Catholic religious order of monks and nuns that branched off from the Benedictines and follow the Rule of Saint B ...
* Saint
Robert of Newminster Robert of Newminster ( c. 1100–1159) was a priest A priest is a religious leader authorized to perform the sacred rituals of a religion, especially as a mediatory agent between humans and one or more deity, deities. They also have ...
(d. 1159), established the Abbey of Newminster at Morpeth, Northumberland * Roberto de Nobili (1577–1656), Italian Jesuit missionary to Southern India * Roberto de' Nobili (1541–1559),
Roman Catholic Roman or Romans most often refers to: *Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus (Romulus and Remus, legendary) , image_map = Map of comune of Rome (metropolitan c ...
cardinal Cardinal or The Cardinal may refer to: Animals * Cardinal (bird) or Cardinalidae, a family of North and South American birds **''Cardinalis'', genus of cardinal in the family Cardinalidae **''Cardinalis cardinalis'', or northern cardinal, the ...
*
Robert de Sorbon Robert de Sorbon (; 9 October 1201 – 15 August 1274) was a French theology, theologian, the chaplain of Louis IX of France, and founder of the Collège de Sorbonne, Sorbonne college in Paris. Biography Born into a poor family in Sorbon, in wh ...
(1201–1274), French theologian and founder of
College of Sorbonne The College of Sorbonne (french: Collège de Sorbonne) was a theological college of the University of Paris, founded in 1253 (confirmed in 1257) by Robert de Sorbon (1201–1274), after whom it was named. With the rest of the Paris colleges, ...
* Saint Robert de Turlande (d. 1067), founding abbot of the Abbey of Casa Dei, also called Chaise-Dieu


Presidents and prime ministers

;British Prime Ministers * Lord
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury (; 3 February 183022 August 1903) was a British statesman and Conservative Party (UK), Conservative politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom three times for a ...
, British statesman, serving as Prime Minister three times for a total *
Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer, Order of the Garter, KG Privy Council of Great Britain, PC Fellow of the Royal Society, FRS (5 December 1661 – 21 May 1724) was an English statesman and peer of the late Stuart dynasty, Stu ...
,
Lord High Treasurer The post of Lord High Treasurer or Lord Treasurer was an English government position and has been a British government ga, Rialtas a Shoilse gd, Riaghaltas a Mhòrachd , image = HM Government logo.svg , image_size = 220px , image ...
of the British Empire, sometimes regarded as the first Prime Minister of Great Britain *
Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool, (7 June 1770 – 4 December 1828) was a British Tory statesman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1812 to 1827. He held many important cabinet offices such as Foreign Secreta ...
, British statesman and
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom The prime minister of the United Kingdom is the head of government of the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a country in Europe, off the ...
from 1812 to 1827,
Secretary of State for War and the Colonies The Secretary of State for War and the Colonies was a Cabinet of the United Kingdom, British cabinet-level position responsible for the army and the British colonies (other than India). The Secretary was supported by an Under-Secretary of State ...
* Sir
Robert Peel Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet, (5 February 1788 – 2 July 1850) was a British Conservative Party (UK), Conservative statesman who served twice as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1834–1835 and 1841–1846) simultaneously serving as Cha ...
, British statesman who served as
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom The prime minister of the United Kingdom is the head of government of the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a country in Europe, off the ...
, father of modern British policing, leader of
Peelite The Peelites were a breakaway dissident political faction of the British Conservative Party (UK), Conservative Party from 1846 to 1859. Initially led by Robert Peel, the former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Prime Minister and Conservative ...
, founder of Conservative Party of United Kingdom and the
Metropolitan Police Service The Metropolitan Police Service (MPS), formerly and still commonly known as the Metropolitan Police (and informally as the Met Police, the Met, Scotland Yard, or the Yard), is the territorial police force responsible for law enforcement and ...
* Sir
Robert Walpole Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford, (26 August 1676 – 18 March 1745; known between 1725 and 1742 as Sir Robert Walpole) was a Kingdom of Great Britain, British statesman and Whigs (British political party), Whig politician who, as First Lor ...
, British statesman who served as the first
Prime Minister of Great Britain The prime minister of the United Kingdom is the head of government of the United Kingdom. The prime minister Advice (constitutional law), advises the Monarchy of the United Kingdom, sovereign on the exercise of much of the Royal prerogative ...
;Australian Prime Ministers * Robert "Bob" Hawke, Australian politician who served as Prime Minister of
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. With an area of , Australia is the largest country by ...
and Leader of the Labor Party * Sir
Robert Menzies The name Robert is an ancient Germanic given name, from Proto-Germanic "fame" and "bright" (''Hrōþiberhtaz''). Compare Old Dutch ''Robrecht'' and Old High German ''Hrodebert'' (a compound of '' Hruod'' ( non, Hróðr) "fame, glory, h ...
, Australian politician who twice served as
Prime Minister of Australia The prime minister of Australia is the head of government of the Commonwealth of Australia. The prime minister heads the executive branch of the Australian Government, federal government of Australia and is also accountable to Parliament of A ...
, in office from 1939 to 1941 and again from 1949 to 1966 ;Presidents and Prime Ministers from North America * Sir
Robert Borden Sir Robert Laird Borden (June 26, 1854 – June 10, 1937) was a Canadian lawyer and politician who served as the eighth prime minister of Canada from 1911 to 1920. He is best known for his leadership of Canada during World War I. Borden ...
, Canadian lawyer and politician who served as the eighth
prime minister of Canada The prime minister of Canada (french: premier ministre du Canada, link=no) is the head of government of Canada Canada is a country in North America. Its Provinces and territories of Canada, ten provinces and three territories exte ...
* Robert F. Kennedy, American politician and lawyer who served as the 64th
United States Attorney General The United States attorney general (AG) is the head of the United States Department of Justice, and is the chief law enforcement officer of the federal government of the United States. The attorney general serves as the principal advisor to the p ...
, United States
Senator A senate is a deliberative assembly, often the upper house or Legislative chamber, chamber of a bicameral legislature. The name comes from the Ancient Rome, ancient Roman Senate (Latin: ''Senatus''), so-called as an assembly of the senior ...
for New York, brother of the U.S. president
John F. Kennedy John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), often referred to by his initials JFK and the nickname Jack, was an American politician who served as the 35th president of the United States from 1961 until assassination of Joh ...
;Presidents and Prime Ministers from Asia / Oceania *
Robert Kocharyan Robert Sedraki Kocharyan ( hy, Ռոբերտ Սեդրակի Քոչարյան ; born 31 August 1954) is an Armenian politician. He served as the President of Artsakh, President of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic from 1994 to 1997 and Prime Minister of ...
, Armenian politician who served as the first president of
Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Artsakh, officially the Republic of Artsakh () or the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (),, is a list of states with limited recognition, breakaway state in the South Caucasus whose territory is internationally recognised as part of Azerbaijan ...
and the second
president President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate title) *President (education), a leader of a college or university *President (government title) President may also refer to: Automobiles * Nissan President, a 1966–2010 Japanese ful ...
of
Armenia Armenia (), , group=pron officially the Republic of Armenia,, is a landlocked country in the Armenian Highlands of Western Asia.The UNbr>classification of world regions places Armenia in Western Asia; the CIA World Factbook , , and '' ...
between 1998 and 2008 *
Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of Lytton Edward Robert Lytton Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of Lytton, (8 November 183124 November 1891) was an English statesman, Conservative Party (UK), Conservative politician and poet who used the pseudonym Owen Meredith. He served as Viceroy of India b ...
, English statesman,
Conservative Conservatism is a Philosophy of culture, cultural, Social philosophy, social, and political philosophy that seeks to promote and to preserve traditional institutions, practices, and values. The central tenets of conservatism may vary in r ...
politician, and poet, who served as
Viceroy of India The Governor-General of India (1773–1950, from 1858 to 1947 the Viceroy and Governor-General of India, commonly shortened to Viceroy of India) was the representative of the Monarchy of the United Kingdom, monarch of the United Kingdom and ...
(Governor-General) between 1876 and 1880 and
British Ambassador to France The British Ambassador to France is the United Kingdom's foremost diplomatic representative in France, and is the head of Britain's diplomatic mission in Paris. The official title is ''His Majesty's Ambassador to France''. Traditionally, the ...
from 1887 to 1891 * Sir
Robert Stout Sir Robert Stout (28 September 1844 – 19 July 1930) was a New Zealand politician who was the List of Prime Ministers of New Zealand, 13th premier of New Zealand on two occasions in the late 19th century, and later Chief Justice of New Zealan ...
, New Zealand politician who served as 13th
Prime Minister of New Zealand The prime minister of New Zealand ( mi, Te pirimia o Aotearoa) is the head of government of New Zealand. The prime minister, Jacinda Ardern, leader of the New Zealand Labour Party, took office on 26 October 2017. The prime minister (informa ...
on two occasions in the 19th century, and later
Chief Justice of New Zealand The chief justice of New Zealand ( mi, Te Kaiwhakawā Tumuaki o Aotearoa) is the head of the New Zealand judiciary, and presides over the Supreme Court of New Zealand. The chief justice of New Zealand is also the chief justice of Tokelau. Befor ...
;Presidents and Prime Ministers from Europe *
Robert Abela Robert Abela (born 7 December 1977) is a Maltese lawyer and politician who has served as Prime Minister of Malta, prime minister of Malta and List of Malta Labour Party leaders, leader of Labour Party since 2020. The son of former President Geo ...
, Maltese lawyer and politician, currently serving as the 14th prime minister of
Malta Malta ( , , ), officially the Republic of Malta ( mt, Repubblika ta' Malta ), is an island country in the Mediterranean Sea. It consists of an archipelago, between Italy and Libya, and is often considered a part of Southern Europe. It lies ...
* Robert Fico, Slovak politician who served as
Prime Minister of Slovakia The prime minister of Slovakia, officially the Chairman of the government of the Slovak Republic ( Slovak: ''Predseda vlády Slovenskej republiky''), commonly referred to in Slovakia as ''Predseda vlády'' or informally as ''Premiér'', is the ...
from 2012 to 2018 * Robert Haab, Swiss politician and
President of Switzerland The president of the Swiss Confederation, also known as the president of the Confederation or colloquially as the president of Switzerland, is the head of Switzerland's seven-member Federal Council (Switzerland), Federal Council, the country's ...
*
Robert Schuman Jean-Baptiste Nicolas Robert Schuman (; 29 June 18864 September 1963) was a Luxembourg-born France, French statesman. Schuman was a Christian Democrat (Popular Republican Movement) political thinker and activist. Twice Prime Minister of France ...
, Luxembourg-born French statesman,
Christian Democrat Christian democracy (sometimes named Centrist democracy) is a political ideology that emerged in 19th-century Europe under the influence of Catholic social teaching and neo-Calvinism. It was conceived as a combination of modern Democracy, d ...
, activist,
Prime Minister of France The prime minister of France (french: link=no, Premier ministre français), officially the prime minister of the French Republic, is the head of government of the France, French Republic and the leader of the Government of France, Council of Mi ...
, a reformist Minister of Finance and a Foreign Minister, one of the founders of the
European Union The European Union (EU) is a supranational union, supranational political union, political and economic union of Member state of the European Union, member states that are located primarily in Europe, Europe. The union has a total area of ...
, the
Council of Europe The Council of Europe (CoE; french: Conseil de l'Europe, ) is an international organisation founded in the wake of World War II to uphold European Convention on Human Rights, human rights, democracy and the Law in Europe, rule of law in Europe. ...
and
NATO The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO, ; french: Organisation du traité de l'Atlantique nord, ), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental organization, intergovernmental military alliance between 30 Member sta ...
; * Robert Themptander, Swedish politician and public official who served as
Prime Minister of Sweden The prime minister ( sv, statsminister ; literally translating to "Minister of State") is the head of government of Sweden. The prime minister and their cabinet (the government) exercise executive authority in the Kingdom of Sweden and are subj ...
from 1884 to 1888 ;Presidents and Prime Ministers from Central / South America * Roberto Micheletti, Honduran politician who served as the president of
Honduras Honduras, officially the Republic of Honduras, is a country in Central America. The republic of Honduras is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean ...
following the
2009 Honduran coup d'état The 2009 Honduran coup d'état, part of the 2009 Honduran constitutional crisis The 2009 Honduran constitutional crisis was a political dispute over plans to either rewrite the Constitution of Honduras or write a new one. Honduran Presid ...
*
Roberto María Ortiz Jaime Gerardo Roberto Marcelino María Ortiz Lizardi (24 September 1886 – 15 July 1942) was the 19th President of Argentina The president of Argentina ( es, Presidente de Argentina), officially known as the president of the Argentin ...
, 19th president of
Argentina Argentina (), officially the Argentine Republic ( es, link=no, República Argentina), is a country in the southern half of South America. Argentina covers an area of , making it the List of South American countries by area, second-largest ...
during the
Infamous Decade The Infamous Decade () was a period in History of Argentina, Argentinian history that began with the 1930 Argentine coup d'état, 1930 coup d'état against president of Argentina, President Hipólito Yrigoyen. This decade was marked on one hand ...
* Roberto Suazo Córdova, 29th President of
Honduras Honduras, officially the Republic of Honduras, is a country in Central America. The republic of Honduras is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean ...
* Roberto Sánchez Vilella,
Governor of Puerto Rico The governor of Puerto Rico ( es, gobernador de Puerto Rico) is the head of government The head of government is the highest or the second-highest official in the Executive (government), executive branch of a sovereign state, a fed ...
,
Head of State A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona who officially embodies a state (polity), state#Foakes, Foakes, pp. 110–11 "
he head of state He or HE may refer to: Language * He (pronoun), an English pronoun * He (kana), the romanization of the Japanese kana へ * He (letter) He is the fifth Letter (alphabet), letter of the Semitic abjads, including Phoenician alphabet, Phoenic ...
being an embodiment of the State itself or representatitve of its international p ...
and
Head of Government The head of government is the highest or the second-highest official in the Executive (government), executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, autonomous region, or other government who often presid ...
of Puerto Rico


Dictators

* Baron
Robert Clive Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, (29 September 1725 – 22 November 1774), also known as Clive of India, was the first British List of governors of Bengal, Governor of the Bengal Presidency. Clive has been widely credited for laying the ...
(1725–1774),
British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people British people or Britons, also known colloquially as Brits, are the citizens of the United Kingdom, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Britis ...
army officer and
privateer A privateer is a private person or ship that engages in maritime warfare under a commission of war. Since robbery under arms was a common aspect of seaborne trade, until the early 19th century all merchant ships carried arms. A sovereign or deleg ...
who established the military and political supremacy of the
East India Company The East India Company (EIC) was an English, and later British, joint-stock company founded in 1600 and dissolved in 1874. It was formed to Indian Ocean trade, trade in the Indian Ocean region, initially with the East Indies (the Indian subco ...
in
Bengal Bengal ( ; bn, বাংলা/বঙ্গ, translit=Bānglā/Bôngô, ) is a geopolitical, cultural and historical region in South Asia South Asia is the southern subregion of Asia Asia (, ) is one of the world's most not ...
, served as the Commander-in-Chief of British India *
Robert Mugabe Robert Gabriel Mugabe (; ; 21 February 1924 – 6 September 2019) was a Zimbabwean revolutionary and politician who served as Prime Minister of Zimbabwe from 1980 to 1987 and then as President of Zimbabwe, President from 1987 to 2017. He se ...
(1924–2019), former
Zimbabwean Zimbabwe (), officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in Southeast Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the south-west, Zambia to the north, and Mozam ...
politician and revolutionary, Prime Minister of Zimbabwe from 1980 to 1987 and President (Dictator) from 1987 to 2017


Secretaries of Defense

*
Robert Gates Robert Michael Gates (born September 25, 1943) is an American intelligence analyst and university president who served as the 22nd United States secretary of defense from 2006 to 2011. He was originally appointed by president George W. Bush an ...
(1943), American statesman, scholar, intelligence analyst, and university president who served as the director of
Central Intelligence Agency The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA ), known informally as the Agency and historically as the Company, is a civilian intelligence agency, foreign intelligence service of the federal government of the United States, officially tasked with gat ...
(CIA),
Director of Central Intelligence The director of central intelligence (DCI) was the head of the American Central Intelligence Agency from 1946 to 2005, acting as the principal intelligence advisor to the president of the United States and the United States National Security C ...
and 22nd
United States Secretary of Defense The United States secretary of defense (SecDef) is the head of the United States Department of Defense, the United States federal executive departments, executive department of the United States Armed Forces, U.S. Armed Forces, and is a high r ...
from 2006 to 2011 *
Robert A. Lovett Robert Abercrombie Lovett (September 14, 1895May 7, 1986) was the fourth United States Secretary of Defense, having been promoted to this position from Deputy Secretary of Defense. He served in the cabinet of President of the United States, Presi ...
(1895–1986), fourth
United States Secretary of Defense The United States secretary of defense (SecDef) is the head of the United States Department of Defense, the United States federal executive departments, executive department of the United States Armed Forces, U.S. Armed Forces, and is a high r ...
*
Robert McNamara Robert Strange McNamara (; June 9, 1916 – July 6, 2009) was an American business executive and the eighth United States Secretary of Defense, serving from 1961 to 1968 under Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. He remains the Lis ...
(1916–2009), American business executive and the eighth
United States Secretary of Defense The United States secretary of defense (SecDef) is the head of the United States Department of Defense, the United States federal executive departments, executive department of the United States Armed Forces, U.S. Armed Forces, and is a high r ...


Wartime figures and military leaders

;American army * Robert N. Adams, American Brevet Brigadier General during the
American Civil War The American Civil War (April 12, 1861 – May 26, 1865; also known by Names of the American Civil War, other names) was a civil war in the United States. It was fought between the Union (American Civil War), Union ("the North") and t ...
* Robert S. Beightler, American military officer, major General, military governor of Okinawa, War Department General Staff, commander of the 37th Infantry Division * Robert C. Bradshaw, American Brevet Brigadier General during the
American Civil War The American Civil War (April 12, 1861 – May 26, 1865; also known by Names of the American Civil War, other names) was a civil war in the United States. It was fought between the Union (American Civil War), Union ("the North") and t ...
* Robert C. Buchanan, American military officer, one of the principal commanders of
Black Hawk War The Black Hawk War was a conflict between the United States and Native Americans in the United States, Native Americans led by Black Hawk (Sauk leader), Black Hawk, a Sauk people, Sauk leader. The war erupted after Black Hawk and a group of ...
and
Rogue River Wars The Rogue River Wars were an armed conflict in 1855–1856 between the U.S. Army, local militias and volunteers, and the Native Americans in the United States, Native American tribes commonly grouped under the designation of Rogue River Ind ...
* Robert Lee Bullard, senior officer in the United States Army during World War I * Robert L. Eichelberger,
general officer A general officer is an Officer (armed forces), officer of highest military ranks, high rank in the army, armies, and in some nations' air forces, space forces, and marines or naval infantry. In some usages the term "general officer" refers t ...
in the
United States Army The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare, land military branch, service branch of the United States Armed Forces. It is one of the eight Uniformed services of the United States, U.S. uniformed services, and is designated as the Army o ...
who commanded the
Eighth United States Army The Eighth Army is a U.S. field army which is the commanding formation of all United States Army United States Forces Korea, forces in South Korea. It commands U.S. and South Korean units and is headquartered at the Camp Humphreys,
in the
Southwest Pacific Area South West Pacific Area (SWPA) was the name given to the Allies of World War II, Allied supreme military command in the South West Pacific Theatre of World War II. It was one of four major Allied commands in the Pacific War. SWPA included the Ph ...
during World War II *
Robert L. Ghormley Vice Admiral Robert Lee Ghormley (October 15, 1883 – June 21, 1958) was an admiral in the United States Navy The United States Navy (USN) is the maritime military branch, service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of th ...
, admiral in the
United States Navy The United States Navy (USN) is the maritime military branch, service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the eight uniformed services of the United States. It is the largest and most powerful navy in the world, with the es ...
, serving as Commander of South Pacific Area during World War II * Robert Hoke, Confederate major general during the American Civil War * Robert B. Johnston, retired United States Marine Corps lieutenant general whose last duty assignment was as Commander, Marine Forces Atlantic Marine Forces Europe and
II Marine Expeditionary Force The II Marine Expeditionary Force (II MEF) is a Marine Air-Ground Task Force consisting of ground, air and logistics forces capable of projecting offensive combat power ashore while sustaining itself in combat without external assistance for a ...
* Robert E. Lee, American and Confederate general, supreme commander of the
Confederate States Army The Confederate States Army, also called the Confederate Army or the Southern Army, was the military land force of the Confederate States of America (commonly referred to as the Confederacy) during the American Civil War (1861–1865), fighting ...
during
American Civil War The American Civil War (April 12, 1861 – May 26, 1865; also known by Names of the American Civil War, other names) was a civil war in the United States. It was fought between the Union (American Civil War), Union ("the North") and t ...
*
Robert A. Lewis Robert Alvin Lewis (October 18, 1917 – June 18, 1983) was a United States Army Air Forces The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF) was the major land-based aerial warfare service component of the United States Army and ''de facto'' ...
,
United States Army Air Forces The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF) was the major land-based aerial warfare service component of the United States Army and ''de facto'' aerial warfare service branch of the United States during and immediately after World War II ...
officer An officer is a person who has a position of authority in a hierarchical organization. The term derives from Old French Old French (, , ; Modern French: ) was the language spoken in most of the northern half of France from approximately the ...
serving in the Pacific Theatre during World War II, one of the
pilots An aircraft pilot or aviator is a person who controls the flight of an aircraft An aircraft is a vehicle that is able to fly by gaining support from the air. It counters the force of gravity by using either static lift or by using th ...
of the Enola G * Robert McDade, United States Army colonel, * Robert McGowan Littlejohn, major general in the United States Army, leader of
War Assets Administration The War Assets Administration (WAA) was created to dispose of United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located ...
* Robert C. Murphy, American colonel during the
American Civil War The American Civil War (April 12, 1861 – May 26, 1865; also known by Names of the American Civil War, other names) was a civil war in the United States. It was fought between the Union (American Civil War), Union ("the North") and t ...
* Robert "Robin" Olds Jr., American fighter pilot and general officer in the U.S. Air Force * Robert Olds Sr., general officer in the US Army Air Forces *
Robert Patterson Robert Patterson (January 12, 1792 – August 7, 1881) was an Ireland, Irish-born United States major general during the American Civil War, chiefly remembered for inflicting an early defeat on Stonewall Jackson, but crucially failing to sto ...
, Irish-born United States major general during the
American Civil War The American Civil War (April 12, 1861 – May 26, 1865; also known by Names of the American Civil War, other names) was a civil war in the United States. It was fought between the Union (American Civil War), Union ("the North") and t ...
* Robert W. Porter Jr.,
United States Army The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare, land military branch, service branch of the United States Armed Forces. It is one of the eight Uniformed services of the United States, U.S. uniformed services, and is designated as the Army o ...
four-star general who served as Commander in Chief,
United States Southern Command The United States Southern Command (USSOUTHCOM), located in Doral, Florida, Doral, Florida in Greater Miami, is one of the eleven unified combatant commands in the United States Department of Defense. It is responsible for providing contingen ...
from 1965 to 1969 *
Robert Gould Shaw Robert Gould Shaw (October 10, 1837 – July 18, 1863) was an American officer in the Union Army During the American Civil War, the Union Army, also known as the Federal Army and the Northern Army, referring to the United States Army, was ...
, American officer in the
Union Army During the American Civil War, the Union Army, also known as the Federal Army and the Northern Army, referring to the United States Army, was the land force that fought to preserve the Union (American Civil War), Union of the collective U.S. st ...
during the
American Civil War The American Civil War (April 12, 1861 – May 26, 1865; also known by Names of the American Civil War, other names) was a civil war in the United States. It was fought between the Union (American Civil War), Union ("the North") and t ...
, commander of the first all-
African American African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans and Afro-Americans) are an Race and ethnicity in the United States, ethnic group consisting of Americans with partial or total ancestry from sub-Saharan Africa. The term "African American ...
regiment * Robert Sink, senior United States Army officer who fought during World War II, the Korean War, and early parts of the Vietnam War * Robert G. Smith (colonel) (1854-1923), American colonel of the Spanish–American War * Robert F. Stockton, United States Navy commodore,
United States Senator The United States Senate is the Upper house, upper chamber of the United States Congress, with the United States House of Representatives, House of Representatives being the Lower house, lower chamber. Together they compose the national Bica ...
from
New Jersey New Jersey is a U.S. state, state in the Mid-Atlantic States, Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern United States, Northeastern regions of the United States. It is bordered on the north and east by the state of New York (state), New York; on the ea ...
, Military Governor of California * Robert A. Theobald, United States Navy officer who served in World War I and World War II, achiever of the rank of
rear admiral Rear admiral is a senior naval flag officer rank, equivalent to a major general and air vice marshal and above that of a Commodore (rank), commodore and Captain (naval), captain, but below that of a vice admiral. It is regarded as a two star "a ...
, the air forces commander during
Attack on Pearl Harbor The attack on Pearl HarborAlso known as the Battle of Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service upon the United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as t ...
* Robert F. Travis,
United States Army Air Forces The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF) was the major land-based aerial warfare service component of the United States Army and ''de facto'' aerial warfare service branch of the United States during and immediately after World War II ...
general during World War II * Robert Toombs, American lawyer, planter, army general, and politician from Georgia who became one of the organizers of the Confederacy and served as its first Secretary of State *
Robert Treat Robert Treat (February 23, 1624July 12, 1710) was a New England New England is a region comprising six states in the Northeastern United States: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts Massachusetts (Massachusett language, Massachusett: ...
, American colonial leader, militia officer and governor of the
Connecticut Colony The ''Connecticut Colony'' or ''Colony of Connecticut'', originally known as the Connecticut River Colony or simply the River Colony, was an English colony in New England which later became Connecticut. It was organized on March 3, 1636 as a settl ...
between 1683 and 1698 and the founder of
Newark, New Jersey Newark ( , ) is the List of municipalities in New Jersey, most populous City (New Jersey), city in the U.S. state of New Jersey and the county seat, seat of Essex County, New Jersey, Essex County and the second largest city within the New Yo ...
* Robert C. Tyler, Confederate brigadier general during the American Civil War * Robert O. Tyler, American soldier who served as a general in the
Union Army During the American Civil War, the Union Army, also known as the Federal Army and the Northern Army, referring to the United States Army, was the land force that fought to preserve the Union (American Civil War), Union of the collective U.S. st ...
during the American Civil War ;British / Scottish army * Sir Robert Abercromby, British general *
Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom), Lieutenant-General Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell, ( ; (Commonly pronounced by others as ) 22 February 1857 – 8 January 1941) was a British Army officer, writer, foun ...
, British Army officer, writer, founder and first Chief Scout of the world-wide Boy Scout Movement *
Robert Blake Robert Blake may refer to: Sportspeople * Bob Blake (American football) (1885–1962), American football player * Robbie Blake (born 1976), English footballer * Bob Blake (ice hockey) (1914–2008), American ice hockey player * Rob Blake (born 196 ...
, British Royal Navy officer and one of the most important military commanders of the
Commonwealth of England The Commonwealth was the political structure during the period from 1649 to 1660 when England and Wales, later along with Ireland and Scotland, were governed as a republic after the end of the Second English Civil War and the High Court of Ju ...
*
Robert Brooke-Popham Air Chief Marshal Air chief marshal (Air Chf Mshl or ACM) is a high-ranking air officer originating from the Royal Air Force. The rank is used by air forces of many Commonwealth of Nations, countries that have historical British influence. ...
, senior commander in the
Royal Air Force The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's Air force, air and space force. It was formed towards the end of the World War I, First World War on 1 April 1918, becoming the first independent air force in the world, by regrouping the Royal ...
and leader of Operation Matador (1941) *
Robert Brownrigg General (United Kingdom), General Sir Robert Brownrigg, 1st Baronet, Order of the Bath, GCB (8 February 1758 – 27 April 1833) was an Kingdom of Ireland, Irish-born United Kingdom, British statesman and soldier. He brought the last part of ...
, British statesman, general and soldier who brought the last part of Sri Lanka under British rule,
Governors of British Ceylon The governor of Ceylon was the representative in British Ceylon, Ceylon of the British The Crown, Crown from 1795 to 1948. In this capacity, the governor was president of the Executive Council of Ceylon, Executive Council and Commander-in-Chief o ...
, General Officer Commanding, Ceylon * Sir
Robert Calder Admiral Admiral is one of the highest ranks in some navies. In the Commonwealth nations and the United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country ...
, British naval officer * Robert H. Dick, Scottish soldier * Robert Rollo Gillespie, officer in the British Army *
Robert Haining General (United Kingdom), General Sir Robert Hadden Haining, (28 July 1882 – 15 September 1959) was a senior British Army officer during the Second World War. Early life and education Haining was born in Chester, the eldest son of Dr. William ...
, British Army officer *
Robert Peverell Hichens Lieutenant Commander Lieutenant commander (also hyphenated lieutenant-commander and abbreviated Lt Cdr, LtCdr. or LCDR) is a Officer (armed forces), commissioned officer military rank, rank in many navy, navies. The rank is superior (hie ...
, British Lieutenant Commander and the most highly decorated officer of the
Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve The Royal Naval Reserve (RNR) is one of the two volunteer reserve forces of the Royal Navy The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force. Although warships were used by Kingdom of England, English and Kingdom of Scot ...
(RNVR) *
Robert Kekewich Major-General Major general (abbreviated MG, maj. gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries. It is derived from the older rank of sergeant major general. The disappearance of the "sergeant" in the title explains the appa ...
, British Army officer * Sir
Robert Mansell Sir Robert Mansell (1573–1656) was an admiral of the English Royal Navy and a Member of Parliament (MP), mostly for Wales, Welsh constituencies. His name was sometimes given as Sir Robert Mansfield and Sir Robert Maunsell. Early life Mansel ...
, English Royal Navy officer and a member of parliament (MP), mostly for Welsh constituencies *
Robert Monckton Lieutenant-General Lieutenant general (Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a three-star rank, three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries. The rank traces its origins to the Middle Ages, where the title of lieutenant general wa ...
,
officer An officer is a person who has a position of authority in a hierarchical organization. The term derives from Old French Old French (, , ; Modern French: ) was the language spoken in most of the northern half of France from approximately the ...
of the
British Army The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a country in Europe, off the north-western ...
and also a colonial administrator in
British North America British North America comprised the colonial territories of the British Empire The British Empire was composed of the dominions, Crown colony, colonies, protectorates, League of Nations mandate, mandates, and other Dependent territory, ...
*
Robert Munro, 18th Baron of Foulis Colonel Robert Munro of Foulis (died April 1633), also known as the Black Baron, was traditionally the 18th Baron Baron is a rank of nobility Nobility is a social class found in many societies that have an aristocracy (class), arist ...
, known as the Black Baron, Scottish soldier and military warlord *
Robert Monro Robert Monro (died 1680), was a famous Scottish People, Scottish General, from the Clan Munro of Ross-shire, Scotland. He held command in the Swedish army under Gustavus Adolphus during Thirty Years' War. He also fought for the Scottish Covenante ...
, Scottish general during
Thirty Years' War The Thirty Years' War was one of the longest and List of wars and anthropogenic disasters by death toll, most destructive conflicts in History of Europe, European history, lasting from 1618 to 1648. Fought primarily in Central Europe, an es ...
* Sir Robert Moray, Scottish soldier, statesman, diplomat, judge, spy and natural philosopher, one of the founders of
Royal Society The Royal Society, formally The Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, is a learned society and the United Kingdom's national academy of sciences. The society fulfils a number of roles: promoting science and its benefits, ...
and
Freemasonry Freemasonry or Masonry refers to Fraternity, fraternal organisations that trace their origins to the local guilds of Stonemasonry, stonemasons that, from the end of the 13th century, regulated the qualifications of stonemasons and their inte ...
* Robert Orme, British soldier and military leader *
Sir Robert Pigot, 2nd Baronet Sir Robert Pigot, 2nd Baronet (20 September 1720 – 1 August 1796) was a British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people British people or Britons, also known colloquially as Brits, are the citizens ...
, British Army officer during the American Revolutionary War * Robert Rogers, American colonial
frontiersman A frontier is the political and geographical area near or beyond a Border, boundary. A frontier can also be referred to as a "front". The term came from French in the 15th century, with the meaning "borderland"—the region of a country that ...
and officer in the British Army, commander of Rogers' Rangers * Robert Ross, officer in the British Army, born in Ireland *
Robert Sale Major-General Sir Robert Henry Sale (19 September 1782 – 21 December 1845) was a British Army officer who commanded the garrison of Jalalabad during the First Afghan War and was killed in action during the First Anglo-Sikh War. Biography ...
, British army officer * Sir
Robert Stopford Robert Wright Stopford, (20 February 1901 – 13 August 1976) was a British Anglican Anglicanism is a Western Christian tradition that has developed from the practices, liturgy, and identity of the Church of England The Chu ...
, distinguished officer in the Royal Navy *
Robert Stanford Tuck Wing commander (rank), Wing Commander Robert Roland Stanford Tuck, (1 July 1916 – 5 May 1987) was a British fighter pilot, flying ace and test pilot. Tuck joined the Royal Air Force (RAF) in 1935 and first engaged in combat during the Battle o ...
, British
fighter pilot A fighter pilot is a Military aviation, military aviator trained to engage in air-to-air combat, Air-to-ground weaponry, air-to-ground combat and sometimes Electronic-warfare aircraft, electronic warfare while in the cockpit of a fighter aircraf ...
,
flying ace A flying ace, fighter ace or air ace is a military aviation, military aviator credited with shooting down five or more enemy aircraft during aerial combat. The exact number of aerial victories required to officially qualify as an ace is varied, ...
, and
test pilot A test pilot is an aircraft pilot with additional training to fly and evaluate experimental, newly produced and modified aircraft with specific maneuvers, known as flight test techniques.Stinton, Darrol. ''Flying Qualities and Flight Testing ...
, member of the
Royal Air Force The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's Air force, air and space force. It was formed towards the end of the World War I, First World War on 1 April 1918, becoming the first independent air force in the world, by regrouping the Royal ...
, war hero of World War II * Robert Sturges, British Royal marine general * Robert "Roy" Urquhart, British Army officer * Robert Whittaker,
City of London The City of London is a City status in the United Kingdom, city, Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county and local government district that contains the historic centre and constitutes, alongside Canary Wharf, the primary central bu ...
banker and a senior officer in Britain's part-time Territorial Army (TA), chief of staff at
Anti-Aircraft Command Anti-Aircraft Command (AA Command, or "Ack-Ack Command") was a British Army command of the Second World War that controlled the Territorial Army anti-aircraft artillery and searchlight formations and units defending the United Kingdom. Origi ...
during World War II ;Australian army * Robert A. Little,
World War I World War I (28 July 1914 11 November 1918), often abbreviated as WWI, was List of wars and anthropogenic disasters by death toll, one of the deadliest global conflicts in history. Belligerents included much of Europe, the Russian Empire, ...
fighter pilot and the most successful Australian
flying ace A flying ace, fighter ace or air ace is a military aviation, military aviator credited with shooting down five or more enemy aircraft during aerial combat. The exact number of aerial victories required to officially qualify as an ace is varied, ...
;German / Austrian army * Robert von Eggenberg, Austrian colonel-general *
Robert Gysae Robert Karl Friedrich Gysae (14 January 1911 – 26 April 1989) was a German U-boat commander in the ''Kriegsmarine'' during World War II. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves of Nazi Germany. Gysae commanded ...
, a German U-boat commander in the Kriegsmarine during World War II *
Robert Ritter von Greim Robert ''Ritter'' von Greim (born Robert Greim; 22 June 1892 – 24 May 1945) was a German field marshal Field marshal (or field-marshal, abbreviated as FM) is the most senior military rank, ordinarily senior to the general officer ranks ...
, German Field Marshal and pilot * Robert Kosch, Prussian general in the Imperial German army * Robert Zapp, German U-boat commander in World War II ;Irish army *
Robert Emmet Robert Emmet (4 March 177820 September 1803) was an Irish republicanism, Irish Republican, orator and rebel leader. Following the suppression of the Irish Rebellion of 1798, United Irish uprising in 1798, he sought to organise a renewed attemp ...
, Irish Republican, orator and rebel leader ; Cuban army * Roberto Rodriguez Fernandez, Cuban revolutionary ;Italian army * Roberto Farinacci, leading Italian Fascist politician and important member of the
Grand Council of Fascism The Grand Council of Fascism (, also translated "Fascist Grand Council") was the main body of Benito Mussolini, Mussolini's Italian Fascism, Fascist government in Italy, that held and applied great power to control the institutions of governmen ...
, Secretary of
National Fascist Party The National Fascist Party ( it, Partito Nazionale Fascista, PNF) was a political party in Italy, created by Benito Mussolini as the political expression of Italian Fascism and as a reorganization of the previous Italian Fasces of Combat. The p ...
and one of the leading perpetrators of the
Holocaust in Italy The Holocaust in Italy was the persecution, deportation, and murder of Jews between 1943 and 1945 in the Italian Social Republic, the part of the Kingdom of Italy occupied by Nazi Germany after the Italian surrender on September 8, 1943, during ...
;French army *
Robert Nivelle Robert Georges Nivelle (15 October 1856 – 22 March 1924) was a French artillery general officer who served in the Boxer Rebellion and the First World War. In May 1916, he succeeded Philippe Pétain as commander of the French Second Army (France ...
, French artillery officer who led the French forces during
World War I World War I (28 July 1914 11 November 1918), often abbreviated as WWI, was List of wars and anthropogenic disasters by death toll, one of the deadliest global conflicts in history. Belligerents included much of Europe, the Russian Empire, ...
as commander in-chief of French army ;Russian army *
Robert Bruce Robert I (11 July 1274 – 7 June 1329), popularly known as Robert the Bruce (Scottish Gaelic: ''Raibeart an Bruis''), was King of Scots from 1306 to his death in 1329. One of the most renowned warriors of his generation, Robert eventuall ...
, first chief commander of Saint Petersburg * Robert Segercrantz, Russian general in the Russian Imperial army * Robert von Ungern-Sternberg, also known as The Mad Baron or The Bloody White Baron, Austrian-born, Russian Empire's Baltic German anti-Bolshevik lieutenant general in the
Russian Civil War , date = October Revolution, 7 November 1917 – Yakut revolt, 16 June 1923{{Efn, The main phase ended on 25 October 1922. Revolt against the Bolsheviks continued Basmachi movement, in Central Asia and Tungus Republic, the Far East th ...
*
Robert Viren Robert Nikolayevich Viren (russian: Роберт Николаевич Вирен 6 January 1857 – 14 March 1917), also known as Robert Reinhold von Wirén, was a Baltic Germans, Baltic German career naval officer in the Imperial Russian Navy, ...
, general, admiral and career naval officer in the
Imperial Russian Navy The Imperial Russian Navy () operated as the navy of the Russian Tsardom and later the Russian Empire from 1696 to 1917. Formally established in 1696, it lasted until dissolved in the wake of the February Revolution of 1917. It developed from a ...
in
Russian Empire The Russian Empire was an empire and the final period of the List of Russian monarchs, Russian monarchy from 1721 to 1917, ruling across large parts of Eurasia. It succeeded the Tsardom of Russia following the Treaty of Nystad, which ended th ...


Other military

* Robert B. Abrams, four-star
general A general officer is an Officer (armed forces), officer of highest military ranks, high rank in the army, armies, and in some nations' air forces, space forces, and marines or naval infantry. In some usages the term "general officer" refers t ...
in the
United States Army The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare, land military branch, service branch of the United States Armed Forces. It is one of the eight Uniformed services of the United States, U.S. uniformed services, and is designated as the Army o ...
* Robert Bartels (1911–1943), German U-boat commander in World War II * Robert Grierson Combe, Scottish-Canadian military officer * Robert E. Cushman Jr.,
United States Marine Corps The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is the maritime land force service branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting expeditionary and amphibious operations through c ...
general A general officer is an Officer (armed forces), officer of highest military ranks, high rank in the army, armies, and in some nations' air forces, space forces, and marines or naval infantry. In some usages the term "general officer" refers t ...
who served as the 25th
Commandant of the Marine Corps The commandant of the Marine Corps (CMC) is normally the highest-ranking officer in the United States Marine Corps and is a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Joint Chiefs of Staff: composition; functions. The CMC reports directly to the Unit ...
* Robert Duff, British Royal Navy officer * Robert Kajuga, national president and leader of the MRND-affiliated extremist militia, the
Interahamwe The Interahamwe ( or ) is a Hutu The Hutu (), also known as the Abahutu, are a Bantu peoples, Bantu ethnic or social group which is native to the African Great Lakes region. They mainly live in Rwanda, Burundi and the eastern Democratic Rep ...
* Robert J. Miller,
United States Army Special Forces The United States Army Special Forces (SF), colloquially known as the "Green Berets" due to their distinctive service Berets of the United States Army, headgear, are a special operations special operations force, force of the United States Ar ...
soldier * Robert Miller Montague,
lieutenant general Lieutenant general (Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a three-star military A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare. It is typically authorized and main ...
in the
United States Army The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare, land military branch, service branch of the United States Armed Forces. It is one of the eight Uniformed services of the United States, U.S. uniformed services, and is designated as the Army o ...
*
Robert Neller Robert Blake Neller (born February 9, 1953) is a retired United States Marine Corps General (United States), four-star general who served as the 37th Commandant of the Marine Corps. He assumed his assignment on September 24, 2015 and retired on J ...
, retired
United States Marine Corps The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is the maritime land force service branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting expeditionary and amphibious operations through c ...
four-star
general A general officer is an Officer (armed forces), officer of highest military ranks, high rank in the army, armies, and in some nations' air forces, space forces, and marines or naval infantry. In some usages the term "general officer" refers t ...
who served as the 37th
Commandant of the Marine Corps The commandant of the Marine Corps (CMC) is normally the highest-ranking officer in the United States Marine Corps and is a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Joint Chiefs of Staff: composition; functions. The CMC reports directly to the Unit ...
* Robert H. Reed,
General A general officer is an Officer (armed forces), officer of highest military ranks, high rank in the army, armies, and in some nations' air forces, space forces, and marines or naval infantry. In some usages the term "general officer" refers t ...
in the
United States Air Force The United States Air Force (USAF) is the Aerial warfare, air military branch, service branch of the United States Armed Forces, and is one of the eight uniformed services of the United States. Originally created on 1 August 1907, as a part ...
and the former chief of staff of the
Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) is the military headquarters of the NATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organization's (NATO) Allied Command Operations (ACO) that commands all NATO operations worldwide. ACO's and SHAPE's commander ...
* Robert Rheault, American colonel in the U.S. Army Special Forces * Robert Roddam, British Royal Navy officer * Robert M. Shoemaker, United States Army general and former commander of the
United States Army Forces Command United States Army Forces Command (FORSCOM) is the largest United States Army command. It provides expeditionary, regionally engaged, campaign-capable land forces to combatant commanders. Headquartered at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, FORSCOM cons ...
, inductee into the Aviation Hall of Fame


Nazis and communists

*
Robert Eikhe Robert Indrikovich Eikhe ( lv, Roberts Eihe (Ēķis), russian: Роберт Индрикович Эйхе; August 12, 1890 — February 4, 1940) was a Latvian Bolshevik and Soviet Union, Soviet politician who was the provincial head of the Com ...
, Latvian
Bolshevik The Bolsheviks (russian: Большевики́, from большинство́ ''bol'shinstvó'', 'majority'),; derived from ''bol'shinstvó'' (большинство́), "majority", literally meaning "one of the majority". also known in English ...
, provincial head of the
Communist Party of the Soviet Union The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU),; abbreviated in Russian as or also known by #Name, various other names during its history, was the founding and ruling party of the Soviet Union. The CPSU was the One-party state, sole governing ...
in
Siberia Siberia ( ; rus, Сибирь, r=Sibir', p=sʲɪˈbʲirʲ, a=Ru-Сибирь.ogg) is an extensive region, geographical region, constituting all of North Asia, from the Ural Mountains in the west to the Pacific Ocean in the east. It has been a ...
* Robert Grawitz,
Nazi German Nazi Germany (lit. "National Socialist State"), ' (lit. "Nazi State") for short; also ' (lit. "National Socialist Germany") (officially known as the German Reich from 1933 until 1943, and the Greater German Reich from 1943 to 1945) was ...
physician and an SS functionary, chief physician of the SS, head of the
German Red Cross The German Red Cross (german: Deutsches Rotes Kreuz ; DRK) is the national Red Cross Society in Germany. With 4 million members, it is the third largest Red Cross society in the world. The German Red Cross offers a wide range of services within ...
*
Robert Ley Robert Ley (; 15 February 1890 – 25 October 1945) was a German politician and Labour Union, labour union leader during the Nazi era; Ley headed the German Labour Front from 1933 to 1945. He also held many other high positions in the Party, inc ...
, DAF ''Führer'' of Nazi Germany (head of the
German Labour Front The German Labour Front (german: Deutsche Arbeitsfront, ; DAF) was the labour organisation under the Nazi Party which replaced the various independent trade unions in Germany during Adolf Hitler's rise to power. History As early as March 1933, t ...
), high-ranking member of the SS, labour and economical leader of
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany (lit. "National Socialist State"), ' (lit. "Nazi State") for short; also ' (lit. "National Socialist Germany") (officially known as the German Reich from 1933 until 1943, and the Greater German Reich from 1943 to 1945) was ...
, founder of
Volkswagen Volkswagen (),English: , . abbreviated as VW (), is a German Automotive industry, motor vehicle manufacturer headquartered in Wolfsburg, Lower Saxony, Germany. Founded in 1937 by the German Labour Front under the Nazi Party and revived into a ...
, creator of NSDAP School system * Robert Mulka, German Nazi ''SS-
Hauptsturmführer __NOTOC__ (, ; short: ''Hstuf'') was a Nazi Party paramilitary rank that was used in several Nazi organizations such as the SS, NSKK and the NSFK. The rank of ''Hauptsturmführer'' was a mid-level commander and had equivalent seniority to a ...
'' and later ''SS- Obersturmführer'', commander of
Auschwitz concentration camp Auschwitz concentration camp ( (); also or ) was a complex of over 40 Nazi concentration camps, concentration and extermination camps operated by Nazi Germany in Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany, occupied Poland (in a portion annexed int ...
* Robert Ritter,
Nazi German Nazi Germany (lit. "National Socialist State"), ' (lit. "Nazi State") for short; also ' (lit. "National Socialist Germany") (officially known as the German Reich from 1933 until 1943, and the Greater German Reich from 1943 to 1945) was ...
" racial scientist" doctor of psychology and medicine, with a background in child psychiatry and the biology of criminality *
Robert Wagner Robert John Wagner Jr. (born February 10, 1930) is an American actor of stage, screen, and television. He is known for starring in the television shows '' It Takes a Thief'' (1968–1970), ''Switch In electrical engineering, a switch is an ...
, ''Gauleiter'' of Gau Baden, ''Gauleiter'' of
Alsace Alsace (, ; ; Low Alemannic German/ gsw-FR, Elsàss ; german: Elsass ; la, Alsatia) is a cultural region and a territorial collectivity in eastern France, on the west bank of the upper Rhine next to Germany and Switzerland. In 2020, it had ...
and head of the civil government of Alsace during the
Nazi German Nazi Germany (lit. "National Socialist State"), ' (lit. "Nazi State") for short; also ' (lit. "National Socialist Germany") (officially known as the German Reich from 1933 until 1943, and the Greater German Reich from 1943 to 1945) was ...
occupation of France during
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a world war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. It involved the World War II by country, vast majority of the world's countries—including all of the great power ...


Nuclear physicists

*
Robert Oppenheimer J. Robert Oppenheimer (; April 22, 1904 – February 18, 1967) was an American theoretical physics, theoretical physicist. A professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley, Oppenheimer was the wartime head of the Los Alamos Lab ...
(1904—1967), American
theoretical physicist Theoretical physics is a branch of physics that employs mathematical models and abstractions of physical objects and systems to rationalize, explain and predict List of natural phenomena, natural phenomena. This is in contrast to experimental ph ...
, professor of
physics Physics is the natural science that studies matter, its Elementary particle, fundamental constituents, its motion and behavior through Spacetime, space and time, and the related entities of energy and force. "Physical science is that depar ...
at the
University of California The University of California (UC) is a public university, public Land-grant university, land-grant research university, research university system in the U.S. state of California. The system is composed of the campuses at University of Califor ...
, developer and inventor of the
atomic bomb A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or a combination of fission and fusion reactions ( thermonuclear bomb), producing a nuclear explosion. Both bom ...
*
Robert Serber Robert Serber (March 14, 1909 – June 1, 1997) was an American physicist A physicist is a scientist who specializes in the field of physics, which encompasses the interactions of matter and energy at all length and time scales in the physica ...
(1909—1997), American physicist who participated in the
Manhattan Project The Manhattan Project was a research and development undertaking during World War II that produced the first nuclear weapons. It was led by the United States with the support of the United Kingdom and Canada. From 1942 to 1946, the project w ...


Explorers

*
Robert Ballard Robert Duane Ballard (born June 30, 1942) is an American retired Navy officer and a professor of oceanography at the University of Rhode Island who is most noted for his work in underwater archaeology: maritime archaeology and archaeology of ...
, retired United States Navy officer and a professor of oceanography at the University of Rhode Island * Robert Bartlett, Newfoundland-born American Arctic explorer of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, accompanied United States Navy Commander
Robert Peary Robert Edwin Peary Sr. (; May 6, 1856 – February 20, 1920) was an American explorer and officer in the United States Navy The United States Navy (USN) is the maritime military branch, service branch of the United States Armed F ...
on his attempts to reach the North Pole *
Robert O'Hara Burke Robert O'Hara Burke (6 May 1821c. 28 June 1861) was an Irish soldier A soldier is a person who is a member of an army An army (from Old French ''armee'', itself derived from the Latin verb ''armāre'', meaning "to arm", and related ...
, Irish soldier and police officer who explored Australia, leader of the first expedition to cross Australia from south to north * Robert Dudley, English explorer and cartographer * Sir
Robert McClure Vice-admiral (Royal Navy), Vice-Admiral Sir Robert John Le Mesurier McClure (28 January 1807 – 17 October 1873) was an Irish explorer of Scots descent who explored the Arctic. In 1854 he traversed the Northwest Passage by boat and sledg ...
, Irish explorer of the
Arctic The Arctic ( or ) is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth. The Arctic consists of the Arctic Ocean, adjacent seas, and parts of Canada (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), Danish Realm (Greenland), northern Finland ...
who in 1854 traversed the
Northwest Passage The Northwest Passage (NWP) is the Sea lane, sea route between the Atlantic Ocean, Atlantic and Pacific Ocean, Pacific oceans through the Arctic Ocean, along the northern coast of North America via waterways through the Canadian Arctic Archi ...
by boat and sledge and was the first to circumnavigate the Americas *
Robert Peary Robert Edwin Peary Sr. (; May 6, 1856 – February 20, 1920) was an American explorer and officer in the United States Navy The United States Navy (USN) is the maritime military branch, service branch of the United States Armed F ...
, American explorer and United States Navy officer who made several expeditions to the Arctic, reached the geographic
North Pole The North Pole, also known as the Geographic North Pole or Terrestrial North Pole, is the point in the Northern Hemisphere where the Earth's rotation, Earth's axis of rotation meets its surface. It is called the True North Pole to distingu ...
with his expedition on April 6, 1909, believed to be the first man to have ever reached the North Pole *
Robert Falcon Scott Captain Robert Falcon Scott, , (6 June 1868 – c. 29 March 1912) was a British Royal Navy officer and explorer who led two expeditions to the Antarctic regions: the Discovery Expedition, ''Discovery'' expedition of 1901–1904 and the i ...
, British Royal Navy officer and explorer who led two expeditions to the Antarctic regions * Robert Swan, the first person to walk to both
Poles Poles,, ; singular masculine: ''Polak'', singular feminine: ''Polka'' or Polish people, are a West Slavs, West Slavic nation and ethnic group, who share a common History of Poland, history, Culture of Poland, culture, the Polish language and ...


Intelligence officers

*
Robert P. Ashley Jr. Robert Paul Ashley Jr. is a retired lieutenant general Lieutenant general (Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a three-star military A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primaril ...
, retired lieutenant general in the United States Army who served as the Director of the
Defense Intelligence Agency The Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) is an intelligence agency and combat support agency of the United States Department of Defense, specializing in defense and military intelligence. A component of the Department of Defense (DoD) and th ...
 from 2017 to 2020 *
Robert Hanssen Robert Philip Hanssen (born April 18, 1944) is an American former Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) double agent who spied for Soviet Union, Soviet and Russian intelligence services against the United States from 1979 to 2001. His espionage ...
, former
Federal Bureau of Investigation The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is the domestic Intelligence agency, intelligence and Security agency, security service of the United States and its principal Federal law enforcement in the United States, federal law enforcement age ...
(FBI) secret agent who spied for Soviet and Russian intelligence services against the United States from 1979 to 2001 * Robert S. Mueller III, American attorney who served as the sixth Director of the
Federal Bureau of Investigation The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is the domestic Intelligence agency, intelligence and Security agency, security service of the United States and its principal Federal law enforcement in the United States, federal law enforcement age ...
(FBI) from 2001 to 2013


Movie industry

*
Robert Altman Robert Bernard Altman ( ; February 20, 1925 – November 20, 2006) was an American film director, screenwriter, and producer. He was a five-time nominee of the Academy Award for Best Director and is considered an enduring figure from the New H ...
(1925–2006), American film director, screenwriter, and producer * Robert "Robbie" Amell (born 1988), Canadian-American actor and producer * Robert "Rob" Benedict (born 1970), American actor and writer * Robert "Bob" Bergen, American voice actor *
Robert Carlyle Robert Carlyle (born 14 April 1961) is a Scottish actor. His film work includes '' Trainspotting'' (1996), ''The Full Monty ''The Full Monty'' is a 1997 British comedy film directed by Peter Cattaneo, starring Robert Carlyle, Mark Addy, ...
(born 1961), Scottish actor * Robert "Bob" Chapek (born 1960), American media executive and businessman, chairman of Disney Parks, Experiences and Products, the current CEO of Walt Disney Company * Robert "Robbie" Coltrane (born 1950), Scottish actor and author *
Robert Cummings Charles Clarence Robert Orville Cummings (June 9, 1910 – December 2, 1990) was an American film and television actor who appeared in roles in comedy film A comedy film is a category of film A film also called a movie, motion ...
(1910–1990), American actor *
Robert Davi Robert John Davi (born 1953) is an American actor, singer and filmmaker. Over the course of his acting career, Davi has performed in more than 130 films. Among his most known roles are opera-singing heavy Jake Fratelli in '' The Goonies'' (1985), ...
(born 1954), American actor *
Robert De Niro Robert Anthony De Niro Jr. ( , ; born August 17, 1943) is an American actor. Known for his Martin Scorsese and Robert De Niro, collaborations with Martin Scorsese, he is considered to be one of the best actors of his generation. De Niro is ...
(born 1953), American actor, director and producer * Robert FitzGerald Diggs (born 1969), American rapper, actor, filmmaker, and record producer known as
RZA Robert Fitzgerald Diggs (born July 5, 1969), better known by his stage name the RZA ( ), is an American rapper, actor, filmmaker, and record producer. He is the ''de facto'' leader of the hip hop group Wu-Tang Clan Wu-Tang Clan is an Ame ...
* Robert Downey Sr. (1936–2021), American actor, director and producer * Robert Downey Jr. (born 1965), American actor * Roberto Draghetti (1960–2020), Italian actor and voice actor *
Robert Duvall Robert Selden Duvall (; born January 5, 1931) is an American actor and filmmaker. His career spans more than seven decades and he is considered one of the greatest American actors of all time. He is the recipient of an Academy Award The ...
(born 1931), American actor *
Robert Eggers Robert Houston Eggers (born July 7, 1983) is an American filmmaker, director, and production designer. He is best known for writing and directing the historical horror films '' The Witch'' (2015) and '' The Lighthouse'' (2019), as well as direct ...
(born 1983), American film director, screenwriter and production designer *
Robert Englund Robert Barton Englund (born June 6, 1947) is an American actor and director. He is best known for playing the supernatural serial killer Freddy Krueger in the ''A Nightmare on Elm Street (franchise), Nightmare on Elm Street'' film series. Class ...
(born 1947), American actor, voice actor, singer and film director * Robert Fuller, American horse rancher and actor *
Robert Goulet Robert Gérard Goulet (November 26, 1933 October 30, 2007) was an American and Canadian singer and actor of French-Canadian ancestry. Goulet was born and raised in Lawrence, Massachusetts until age 13, and then spent his formative years in Canad ...
(1933–2007), French-Canadian singer and actor *
Robert Guillaume Robert Guillaume (born Robert Peter Williams; November 30, 1927 – October 24, 2017) was an American actor and singer, known for his role as Benson DuBois in the American Broadcasting Company, ABC television series ''Soap (TV series), Soap'' and ...
(1927–2017), American actor and singer * Robert Gustafsson (born 1964), Swedish comedian and actor *
Robert Hardy Timothy Sydney Robert Hardy (29 October 1925 – 3 August 2017) was an English actor who had a long career in theatre, film and television. He began his career as a classical actor and later earned widespread recognition for roles such as Sieg ...
(1925–2017), British actor *
Robert Hays Robert Hays (born July 24, 1947) is an American actor An actor or actress is a person who portrays a Character (arts), character in a performance. The actor performs "in the flesh" in the traditional medium of the theatre or in modern media ...
(born 1947), American actor *
Robert Hegyes Robert Bruce Hegyes (pronounced ''Hedyesh''; May 7, 1951 – January 26, 2012) was an American actor best known for his portrayal of high school student Juan Epstein on the 1970s American sitcom A sitcom, a Portmanteau, portmanteau of sit ...
, American actor * Robert "Bob" Iger (born 1951), American media executive, film producer, author and businessman, chairman and chief executive officer of The Walt Disney Company * Robert Irwin (born 2003), Australian television personality and wildlife photographer * Robert "Rob" Kardashian (born 1987), American television personality *
Robert Knepper Robert Lyle Knepper (born July 8, 1959) is an American actor best known for his role as Theodore "T-Bag" Bagwell in the Fox Broadcasting Company, Fox drama series ''Prison Break'' (2005–2009, 2017), Samuel Sullivan in the Heroes (season 4), f ...
(born 1959), American actor *
Robert Lansing Robert Lansing (; October 17, 1864 – October 30, 1928) was an American lawyer and diplomat who served as Counselor to the State Department at the outbreak of World War I, and then as United States Secretary of State under President Woodrow Wils ...
(1928–1994), American stage, film and television actor * Robert "Rob" Letterman (born 1970), American film director and screenwriter * Robert "Rob" Lowe (born 1964), American actor, producer and director * Robert "Rob" Marshall (born 1960), American film and theater director, producer and choreographer *
Robert McKimson Robert Porter McKimson Sr. (October 13, 1910 – September 29, 1977) was an American animator and illustrator, best known for his work on the ''Looney Tunes'' and ''Merrie Melodies'' series of cartoons from Warner Bros. Cartoons and later DePati ...
(1910–1977), American animator and illustrator, best known for his work on creating the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of cartoons * Robert Duncan McNeill (born 1964), American director, producer, and actor * Robert "Rob" Minkoff (born 1962), American film and animation director *
Robert Mitchum Robert Charles Durman Mitchum (August 6, 1917 – July 1, 1997) was an American actor. He rose to prominence with an Academy Award nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, Best Supporting Actor for ''The Story of G.I. Jo ...
(1917–1997), American film actor, director, author, poet, composer and singer * Robert Montgomery (1904–1981), American actor, director and producer *
Robert Mulligan Robert Patrick Mulligan (August 23, 1925 – December 20, 2008) was an American director and producer. He is best known for his humanist dramas, including ''To Kill a Mockingbird ''To Kill a Mockingbird'' is a novel by the American author ...
(1925–2008), American film director * Robert Patrick (born 1958), American actor and voice actor *
Robert Pattinson Robert Douglas Thomas Pattinson (born 13 May 1986) is an English actor. Known for starring in both big-budget and independent films, Pattinson has ranked among the world's highest-paid actors. In 2010, ''Time (magazine), Time'' magazine named ...
(born 1986), British actor * Robert "Bob" Peck (1945–1999), English stage, television and film actor *
Robert Redford Charles Robert Redford Jr. (born August 18, 1936) is an American actor and filmmaker. He is the recipient of various accolades, including an Academy Award from four nominations, a British Academy Film Award, two Golden Globe Awards, the Ce ...
,(born 1936), American actor, director and producer *
Robert Rodriguez Robert Anthony Rodriguez (; born June 20, 1968) is an American filmmaker, composer, and visual effects supervisor. He shoots, edits, produces, and scores many of his films in Mexico and in his home state of Texas. Rodriguez directed the 1992 a ...
(born 1968), American film director, screenwriter, producer, musician, filmmaker and visual effects supervisor, best known for his film ''Alita: Battle Angel'' *
Robert Ryan Robert Bushnell Ryan (November 11, 1909 – July 11, 1973) was an American actor and activist. Known for his portrayals of hardened cops and ruthless villains, Ryan performed for over three decades. He was nominated for the Academy Award for B ...
(1909–1973), American actor *
Robert Schwentke Robert Schwentke (; born 15 February 1968) is a German film director and screenwriter. Life and career Schwentke was born in Stuttgart, West Germany. He graduated from Los Angeles film school, Columbia College Hollywood (CCH), in 1992. His wife ...
,(born 1968), German film director *
Robert Sheehan Robert Sheehan (born 7 January 1988) is an Irish actor. He is best known for television roles such as Nathan Young in '' Misfits'', Darren Treacy in '' Love/Hate'', and Klaus Hargreeves in '' The Umbrella Academy,'' as well as film roles suc ...
(born 1988), Irish actor * Robert Singer, American film director and producer *
Robert Smigel Robert Smigel (born February 7, 1960) is an American actor, comedian, writer, director, producer, and puppeteer A puppeteer is a person who manipulates an inanimate object, called a puppet, to create the illusion that the puppet is alive. Th ...
(born 1960), American actor, voice actor, comedian, humorist, writer, director, producer and puppeteer *
Robert Adolf Stemmle Robert Adolf Stemmle (10 June 1903 – 24 February 1974) was a German screenwriter A screenplay writer (also called screenwriter, scriptwriter, scribe or scenarist) is a writer who practices the craft of screenwriting, writing screenp ...
(1903–1974), German screenwriter and film director * Robert Stromberg (born 1965), American special effects artist, designer and film director * Robert Taylor (1911–1969) American actor, one of the most famous Hollywood actors of his time * Robert Vaughn (1932–2016), American actor *
Robert Wagner Robert John Wagner Jr. (born February 10, 1930) is an American actor of stage, screen, and television. He is known for starring in the television shows '' It Takes a Thief'' (1968–1970), ''Switch In electrical engineering, a switch is an ...
(born 1930), American actor * Robert Walker (1918–1951), American actor * Robert B. Weide (born 1959, American screenwriter, producer and director *
Robert Wiene Robert Wiene (; 27 April 1873 – 17 July 1938) was a film director of the silent era of German cinema. He is particularly known for directing the German silent film ''The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari'' and a succession of other German Expressionism, ...
(1873—1938), film director of the
silent era A silent film is a film A film also called a movie, motion picture, moving picture, picture, photoplay or (slang) flick is a work of visual art that simulates experiences and otherwise communicates ideas, stories, perceptions, fe ...
of German cinema *
Robert Wise Robert Earl Wise (September 10, 1914 – September 14, 2005) was an American film director, producer, and editor. He won the Academy Awards for Academy Award for Best Director, Best Director and Academy Award for Best Picture, Best Picture for h ...
(1914–2005), American film director * Robert Young (1907–1998), American actor *
Robert Zemeckis Robert Lee Zemeckis (born May 14, 1952) is an American filmmaker. He first came to public attention as the director of the action-adventure romantic comedy ''Romancing the Stone'' (1984), the science-fiction comedy ''Back to the Future (franchis ...
(born 1952), Lithuanian-Italian born American film director, screenwriter and producer, best known for his "Back to the Future" film trilogy, frequently credited as an innovator in
visual effects Visual effects (sometimes abbreviated VFX) is the process by which imagery is created or manipulated outside the context of a live-action shot in filmmaking and video production. The integration of live-action footage and other live-action foota ...


Musicians

;Record producers and DJs * Robert Abisi, member of the electronic music and DJ duo
Lost Kings Lost Kings are an American DJ duo consisting of Robert Abisi and Nick Shanholtz, based in Los Angeles. The duo gained popularity beginning in 2014 through their official remixes for artists such as Imagine Dragons Imagine Dragons is an Ame ...
* Robert Babicz, Polish born German electronic music producer, DJ and mastering engineer * Robert van de Corput, real name of the award-winning Dutch DJ, twice worlds No.1 DJ, composer and music producer
Hardwell Robbert van de Corput (; born January 7, 1988), known professionally as Hardwell, is a Dutch DJ and music producer from Breda. He was voted the world's number one DJ by '' DJ Mag'' in 2013 and again in 2014. In 2022, he was ranked at number 43 ...
; *
Robert DeLong Robert Charles Edward DeLong (born February 18, 1986) is an American electronic music Electronic music is a Music genre, genre of music that employs electronic musical instruments, digital instruments, or electronics, circuitry-based music ...
, American electronic musician, record producer, composer and performer * Robert Hughes, real name of the Canadian trap music DJ and record producer known as
Vincent Vincent ( la, Vincentius) is a male given name A given name (also known as a forename or first name) is the part of a personal name quoted in that identifies a person, potentially with a middle name as well, and differentiates that perso ...
and Tiger Drool; *
Robert Miles Roberto Concina (3 November 1969 – 9 May 2017), known professionally as Robert Miles, was an Italian record producer, composer, musician and DJ. His 1995 composition "Children A child (plural, : children) is a human being between the ...
, Swiss-born Italian DJ and record producer, inventor of the dream trance genre; * Robert "Bob" Rifo, founder of the Italian electronic music project
The Bloody Beetroots The Bloody Beetroots is an Italian electronic music Electronic music is a Music genre, genre of music that employs electronic musical instruments, digital instruments, or electronics, circuitry-based music technology in its creation. It i ...
* Robert "Rob" Swire, Australian electronic music producer and DJ ;Singers *
Roberto Carlos Roberto Carlos da Silva Rocha (born 10 April 1973), commonly known as Roberto Carlos, is a Brazilian former professional association football, footballer who now works as a football ambassador. He started his career in Brazil as a Forward (ass ...
, Brazilian singer-songwriter, also known as King of Latin Music or simply The King * Robert "Bob" Chilcott, British choral composer, conductor, and singer * Robert "Bob" Crosby, American jazz singer and bandleader, best known for his group the Bob-Cats * Robert "Bobby" Darin, American singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, impressionist, and actor * Robert Francis, American multi-instrumentalist, singer, songwriter; * Robert Kelly, American singer, songwriter, record producer, and former semi-professional basketball player who helped redefine R&B and hip hop, earning the nicknames "King of R&B" and "King of Pop-Soul" *
Robert Johnson Robert Leroy Johnson (May 8, 1911August 16, 1938) was an American blues Blues is a music genre and musical form which originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s. Blues incorporated spiritual (music), spirituals, w ...
, American
blues Blues is a music genre and musical form which originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s. Blues incorporated spiritual (music), spirituals, work songs, field hollers, Ring shout, shouts, chants, and rhymed simple narra ...
singer-songwriter and musician; * Robert "Bob" Marley, Jamaican singer-songwriter, widely regarded as one of the greatest musicians of all time * Robert "Bobby" McFerrin, American musician, singer, conductor, arranger and record producer * Roberto "Bert" Nievera, Filipino-American singer * Robert Palmer, English composer, songwriter, singer and record producer; * Robert Ritchie, American singer-songwriter, rapper, musician, record producer, and actor known as
Kid Rock Robert James Ritchie (born January 17, 1971), known professionally as Kid Rock (also known as Bobby Shazam), is an American singer, songwriter and rapper. His style alternates between rock music, rock, hip hop music, hip hop, country music, co ...
; * Robert "Bob" Seger, American singer-songwriter and guitarist * Robert Tepper, American songwriter, composer, recording artist and singer * Robert "Bobby" Vee, American singer, songwriter, musician and
teen idol A teen idol is a celebrity with a large Adolescence, teenage fan base. Teen idols are generally young but are not necessarily teenagers. An idol's popularity may be limited to teens, or may extend to all age groups. By region Asia East ...
* Robert "Robbie" Williams, British singer and songwriter * Robert "Rob" Zombie, American musician, singer, songwriter, programmer, voice actor, filmmaker and founding member of the heavy metal band White Zombie * Robert Allen Zimmerman, real name of American singer-songwriter
Bob Dylan Bob Dylan (legally Robert Dylan, born Robert Allen Zimmerman, May 24, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter. Often regarded as one of the greatest songwriters of all time, Dylan has been a major figure in popular culture during a career sp ...
;Band members * Robert "Rob" Bourdon, American musician, drummer and founding member of the rock band
Linkin Park Linkin Park is an American Rock music, rock band from Agoura Hills, California. The band's current lineup comprises vocalist/rhythm guitarist/keyboardist Mike Shinoda, lead guitarist Brad Delson, bassist Dave Farrell, DJ/turntablist Joe Hahn ...
*
Robert Fripp Robert Fripp (born 16 May 1946) is a British musician, songwriter, record producer, and author, best known as the guitarist, founder and longest-lasting member of the progressive rock band King Crimson. He has worked extensively as a session ...
, English musician, songwriter, and record producer, best known as the guitarist, founder and longest-lasting member of the band
King Crimson King Crimson are a progressive rock band formed in 1968 in London, England. The band draws inspiration from a wide variety of music, incorporating elements of classical music, classical, jazz, folk music, folk, heavy metal music, heavy metal, ...
* Robert "Rob" Halford, English singer and songwriter, lead vocalist of the Grammy Award-winning heavy metal band
Judas Priest Judas Priest are an English heavy metal music, heavy metal band formed in Birmingham in 1969. They have sold over 50 million albums and are frequently ranked as one of the greatest metal bands of all time. Despite an innovative and pioneering ...
, also a member of
Fight Combat ( French for ''fight'') is a purposeful violent Violence is the use of physical force so as to injure, abuse, damage, or destroy. Other definitions are also used, such as the World Health Organization's definition of violence as "t ...
, Two, Halford,
Great White Great White is an American rock band formed in Los Angeles in 1977. The band peaked with several albums during the mid-to-late 1980s, including the platinum-selling records '' Once Bitten'' (1987) and '' ...Twice Shy'' (1989), and those album ...
and
Black Sabbath Black Sabbath were an English rock music, rock band formed in Birmingham in 1968 by guitarist Tony Iommi, drummer Bill Ward (musician), Bill Ward, bassist Geezer Butler and vocalist Ozzy Osbourne. They are often cited as pioneers of heavy met ...
* Robert Hunter, American poet, principle lyricist for the rock band
Grateful Dead The Grateful Dead was an American rock music, rock band formed in 1965 in Palo Alto, California. The band is known for its eclectic style, which fused elements of rock, Folk music, folk, country music, country, jazz, bluegrass music, bluegrass, ...
* Robert "Rob" Hyman, American singer, songwriter, keyboard and accordion player, producer, arranger, recording studio owner and a founding member of the rock band
The Hooters The Hooters are an American rock band from Philadelphia Philadelphia, often called Philly, is the List of municipalities in Pennsylvania#Municipalities, largest city in the Commonwealth (U.S. state), Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, the Li ...
* Robert Janson, Polish composer, singer, guitarist, leader and co-founder of the band
Varius Manx Varius Manx is a Polish pop group, formed in Łódź Łódź, also rendered in English as Lodz, is a city in central Poland and a former industrial centre. It is the capital of Łódź Voivodeship, and is located approximately south-west of ...
* Robert "Robby" Krieger, American guitarist and singer-songwriter best known as the guitarist of the rock band
The Doors The Doors were an American Rock music, rock band formed in Los Angeles in 1965, with vocalist Jim Morrison, keyboardist Ray Manzarek, guitarist Robby Krieger, and drummer John Densmore. They were among the most controversial and influential ro ...
, inducted into the
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (RRHOF), sometimes simply referred to as the Rock Hall, is a museum and hall of fame located in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, United States, on the shore of Lake Erie. The museum documents the history of rock music and ...
*
Robert Del Naja Robert Del Naja (; born 21 January 1965), also known as 3D, is a British artist, musician, singer and songwriter. He emerged as a graffiti artist and member of the Bristol collective The Wild Bunch (sound system), the Wild Bunch, and later as a ...
, British artist, musician, singer and songwriter, founding member of the band
Massive Attack Massive Attack are an English trip hop Trip hop (sometimes used synonymously with "downtempo") is a musical genre that originated in the early 1990s in the United Kingdom, especially Bristol. It has been described as a psychedelic musi ...
*
Robert Plant Robert Anthony Plant (born 20 August 1948) is an English singer and songwriter, best known as the lead singer and lyricist of the English Rock music, rock band Led Zeppelin for all of its existence from 1968 until 1980, when the band broke up f ...
, English singer, songwriter, and musician, lead singer and lyricist of the English rock band
Led Zeppelin Led Zeppelin were an English rock band formed in London in 1968. The group comprised vocalist Robert Plant, guitarist Jimmy Page, bassist/keyboardist John Paul Jones (musician), John Paul Jones, and drummer John Bonham. With a heavy, guitar ...
; * Robert Smith, lead singer of
The Cure The Cure are an English Rock music, rock band formed in 1978 in Crawley, Crawley, West Sussex. Throughout numerous lineup changes since the band's formation, guitarist, lead vocalist, and songwriter Robert Smith (musician), Robert Smith has re ...
; *
Robert Trujillo Roberto Agustín Miguel Santiago Samuel Trujillo Veracruz (; born October 23, 1964) is an American musician, best known as the bassist for heavy metal band Metallica Metallica is an American Heavy metal music, heavy metal band. The band ...
, American singer and songwriter, one of the members of American heavy metal band
Metallica Metallica is an American Heavy metal music, heavy metal band. The band was formed in 1981 in Los Angeles by vocalist/guitarist James Hetfield and drummer Lars Ulrich, and has been based in San Francisco for most of its career. The band's fas ...
; * Robert "Bob" Weir, American musician and songwriter, one of the founders of the rock band
Grateful Dead The Grateful Dead was an American rock music, rock band formed in 1965 in Palo Alto, California. The band is known for its eclectic style, which fused elements of rock, Folk music, folk, country music, country, jazz, bluegrass music, bluegrass, ...
, also a member of bands
The Other Ones The Other Ones was an American rock band formed in 1998 by former Grateful Dead members Bob Weir, Phil Lesh, and Mickey Hart, along with part-time Grateful Dead collaborator Bruce Hornsby. In 2000, Bill Kreutzmann, another Grateful Dead alumnus, ...
, The Dead, Kingfish, Bobby and the Midnites,
RatDog RatDog is an American rock band. The group began in 1995 as a side project for Grateful Dead The Grateful Dead was an American rock music, rock band formed in 1965 in Palo Alto, California. The band is known for its eclectic style, which fuse ...
, Furthur and Dead & Company ;Rappers * Robert Rihmeek Williams, American rapper, singer and activist known as
Meek Mill Robert Rihmeek Williams (born May 6, 1987), known professionally as Meek Mill, is an American rapper. Born and raised in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, he embarked on his music career as a battle rapper, and later formed a short-lived rap group, ...
* Robert van Winkle, real name of American rapper, actor, and television host
Vanilla Ice Robert Matthew Van Winkle (born October 31, 1967), known professionally as Vanilla Ice, is an American rapper, actor, and television host. Born in South Dallas, and raised in Texas and South Florida South Florida is the Regions of the Un ...
;Composers * Robert Kajanus, Finnish composer, conductor and teacher, founder of the
Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra The Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra (in Finnish: ; in Swedish: ; literal English translation: Helsinki City Orchestra; commonly abbreviated as HPO) is an orchestra based in Helsinki Helsinki ( or ; ; sv, Helsingfors, ) is the Capital cit ...
*
Robert Schumann Robert Schumann (; 8 June 181029 July 1856) was a German composer, pianist, and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career a ...
, German composer and music critic, one of the greatest composers of romantic era; * Robert Volkmann, German composer * Robert "Bob" Wiseman, Canadian film composer, songwriter and music teacher ;Instrumentalists * Robert "Rob" Barrett, guitarist for death metal band
Cannibal Corpse Cannibal Corpse is an American death metal band formed in Buffalo, New York in 1988, now based out of Tampa, Florida. The band has released fifteen studio albums, two box sets, four video albums, and two live albums. The band has had little radi ...
* Robert "Bobby" Hackett, American jazz musician * Robert "Bob" Kerr, comic musician who plays
trumpet The trumpet is a brass instrument commonly used in classical and jazz musical ensemble, ensembles. The trumpet group ranges from the piccolo trumpet—with the highest Register (music), register in the brass family—to the bass trumpet, pitch ...
and
cornet The cornet (, ) is a brass instrument similar to the trumpet but distinguished from it by its conical Bore (wind instruments), bore, more compact shape, and mellower tone quality. The most common cornet is a transposing instrument in B, thou ...
* Robert Mirabal, Native American musician and flute player * Robert "Rob" Scallon, American YouTuber, musician and multi-instrumentalist


Scientists

*
Robert Boyle Robert Boyle (; 25 January 1627 – 31 December 1691) was an Anglo-Irish natural philosopher, chemist, physicist, Alchemy, alchemist and inventor. Boyle is largely regarded today as the first modern chemist, and therefore one of the foun ...
, British natural philosopher,
chemist A chemist (from Greek ''chēm(ía)'' alchemy; replacing ''chymist'' from Medieval Latin ''alchemist'') is a scientist trained in the study of chemistry. Chemists study the composition of matter and its properties. Chemists carefully describe th ...
, physicist, and inventor, first modern chemist, and one of the founders of modern chemistry *
Robert Bunsen Robert Wilhelm Eberhard Bunsen (; 30 March 1811 – 16 August 1899) was a German chemist. He investigated electromagnetic spectroscopy, emission spectra of heated elements, and discovered caesium (in 1860) and rubidium (in 1861) with the physic ...
, German
chemist A chemist (from Greek ''chēm(ía)'' alchemy; replacing ''chymist'' from Medieval Latin ''alchemist'') is a scientist trained in the study of chemistry. Chemists study the composition of matter and its properties. Chemists carefully describe th ...
who discovered
caesium Caesium (IUPAC spelling) (or cesium in American English) is a chemical element with the Symbol (chemistry), symbol Cs and atomic number 55. It is a soft, silvery-golden alkali metal with a melting point of , which makes it one of only five elem ...
in 1860 and
rubidium Rubidium is the chemical element with the Symbol (chemistry), symbol Rb and atomic number 37. It is a very soft, whitish-grey solid in the alkali metal group, similar to potassium and caesium. Rubidium is the first alkali metal in the group to ha ...
in 1861, pioneer of
photochemistry Photochemistry is the branch of chemistry concerned with the chemical effects of light. Generally, this term is used to describe a chemical reaction caused by absorption of ultraviolet (wavelength from 100 to 400 Nanometre, nm), visible ligh ...
and
organoarsenic Organoarsenic chemistry is the chemistry Chemistry is the scientific study of the properties and behavior of matter. It is a natural science that covers the elements that make up matter to the compounds made of atoms, molecules and ions ...
chemistry and developer of the
Bunsen burner A Bunsen burner, named after Robert Bunsen, is a kind of ambient air gas burner used as laboratory equipment; it produces a single open gas flame, and is used for heating, sterilization, and combustion. The gas can be natural gas (which is main ...
* Robert F. Christy, Canadian-American
theoretical physicist Theoretical physics is a branch of physics that employs mathematical models and abstractions of physical objects and systems to rationalize, explain and predict List of natural phenomena, natural phenomena. This is in contrast to experimental ph ...
, astrophysicist, one of the last surviving people to have worked on the
Manhattan Project The Manhattan Project was a research and development undertaking during World War II that produced the first nuclear weapons. It was led by the United States with the support of the United Kingdom and Canada. From 1942 to 1946, the project w ...
during World War II, * Robert Dorsey Coale, American chemist and colonel, Professor and Dean at the
University of Maryland, Baltimore The University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB) is a public university in Baltimore, Maryland. Founded in 1807, it comprises some of the oldest professional schools of dentistry, law, medicine, pharmacy, social work and nursing in the United States ...
*
Robert Darwin Robert Waring Darwin (30 May 1766 – 13 November 1848) was an English medical doctor A physician (American English), medical practitioner (English in the Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth English), medical doctor, or simply docto ...
, English
medical doctor A physician (American English), medical practitioner (English in the Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth English), medical doctor, or simply doctor, is a health professional who practices medicine, which is concerned with promoting, mai ...
, who today is best known as the father of the naturalist
Charles Robert Darwin Charles Robert Darwin ( ; 12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English natural history#Before 1900, naturalist, geologist, and biologist, widely known for his contributions to evolutionary biology. His proposition that all speci ...
*
Robert Esnault-Pelterie Robert Albert Charles Esnault-Pelterie (8 November 1881 – 6 December 1957) was a French aircraft designer and spaceflight theorist. He is referred to as being one of the founders of modern rocketry and astronautics, along with the Russian Kons ...
, French aircraft designer and spaceflight theorist, developer of
ballistic missiles A ballistic missile is a type of missile that uses projectile motion to deliver warheads on a target. These weapons are guided only during relatively brief periods—most of the flight is unpowered. Short-range ballistic missiles stay within the ...
, father of modern rocketry *
Robert Fulton Robert Fulton (November 14, 1765 – February 24, 1815) was an American engineer and inventor who is widely credited with developing the world's first commercially successful steamboat, the (also known as ''Clermont''). In 1807, that steamboat ...
, American engineer and inventor who is widely credited with developing a commercially successful steamboat known as
North River Steamboat The ''North River Steamboat'' or ''North River'', colloquially known as the ''Clermont'', is widely regarded as the world's first vessel to demonstrate the viability of using steam propulsion for commercial water transportation. Built in 1807, t ...
* Robert H. Goddard, American engineer, professor, physicist, and inventor, credited with creating and building the world's first
liquid-fueled rocket A liquid-propellant rocket or liquid rocket utilizes a rocket engine that uses liquid rocket propellant, liquid propellants. Liquids are desirable because they have a reasonably high density and high Specific impulse, specific impulse (''I''sp). T ...
, father of the modern
rocket A rocket (from it, rocchetto, , bobbin/spool) is a vehicle that uses jet propulsion to Acceleration, accelerate without using the surrounding Atmosphere of Earth, air. A rocket engine produces thrust by Reaction (physics), reaction to exhaust ...
ry * Robert C. Green, American medical geneticist, physician, and public health researcher * Robert J. Van de Graaff, engineer and
physicist A physicist is a scientist who specializes in the field of physics, which encompasses the interactions of matter and energy at all length and time scales in the physical universe. Physicists generally are interested in the root or ultimate caus ...
, inventor of high-voltage
Van de Graaff generator A Van de Graaff generator is an electrostatic generator which uses a moving belt to accumulate electric charge on a hollow metal globe on the top of an insulated column, creating very high electric potentials. It produces very high voltage direct ...
s * Robert Gardiner Hill, British surgeon specialising in the treatment of lunacy *
Robert Hooke Robert Hooke Fellow of the Royal Society, FRS (; 18 July 16353 March 1703) was an English polymath active as a scientist, natural philosopher and architect, who is credited to be one of two scientists to discover microorganisms in 1665 using ...
, English
natural philosopher Natural philosophy or philosophy of nature (from Latin ''philosophia naturalis'') is the philosophy, philosophical study of Physics (Aristotle), physics, that is, nature and the physical universe. It was dominant before the development of mode ...
, architect and
polymath A polymath ( el, πολυμαθής, , "having learned much"; la, homo universalis, "universal human") is an individual whose knowledge spans a substantial number of subjects, known to draw on complex bodies of knowledge to solve specific pro ...
, best known for discovering and naming the
Cell Cell most often refers to: * Cell (biology) The cell is the basic structural and functional unit of life forms. Every cell consists of a cytoplasm enclosed within a Cell membrane, membrane, and contains many biomolecules such as proteins, D ...
in 1665 *
Sir Robert Jones, 1st Baronet Sir Robert Jones, 1st Baronet, (28 June 1857 – 14 January 1933) was a Welsh people, Welsh Orthopedic surgery, orthopaedic surgeon who helped to establish the modern specialty of orthopaedic surgery in Britain. He was an early proponent of th ...
, Welsh
orthopaedic surgeon Orthopedic surgery or orthopedics ( alternatively spelt orthopaedics), is the branch of surgery Surgery ''cheirourgikē'' (composed of χείρ, "hand", and ἔργον, "work"), via la, chirurgiae, meaning "hand work". is a medical specia ...
who helped to establish the modern specialty of orthopaedic surgery in Britain, early proponent of the use of
radiography Radiography is an imaging technology, imaging technique using X-rays, gamma rays, or similar ionizing radiation and non-ionizing radiation to view the internal form of an object. Applications of radiography include medical radiography ("diagnos ...
in orthopaedics, and described the eponymous Jones fracture *
Robert Koch Heinrich Hermann Robert Koch ( , ; 11 December 1843 – 27 May 1910) was a German physician and microbiologist. As the discoverer of the specific causative agents of deadly infectious diseases including tuberculosis, cholera (though the Vibrio ...
, German physician and
microbiologist A microbiologist (from Ancient Greek, Greek ) is a scientist who studies microscopic life forms and processes. This includes study of the growth, interactions and characteristics of Microorganism, microscopic organisms such as bacteria, algae, f ...
, founder of modern
bacteriology Bacteriology is the branch and specialty of biology that studies the Morphology (biology), morphology, ecology, genetics and biochemistry of bacteria as well as many other aspects related to them. This subdivision of microbiology involves the identi ...
, received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1905 for his research on
Tuberculosis Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by ''Mycobacterium tuberculosis'' (MTB) bacteria. Tuberculosis generally affects the lungs, but it can also affect other parts of the body. Most infections show no symptoms, in ...
*
Robert Liston Robert Liston (28 October 1794 – 7 December 1847) was a British surgeon In modern medicine, a surgeon is a medical professional who performs surgery. Although there are different traditions in different times and places, a modern surge ...
, Scottish surgeon, noted for his speed and skill in an era prior to anaesthetics, when speed made a difference in terms of pain and survival *
Robert Andrews Millikan Robert Andrews Millikan (March 22, 1868 – December 19, 1953) was an American experimental physicist A physicist is a scientist who specializes in the field of physics, which encompasses the interactions of matter and energy at all length ...
, American experimental physicist honored with the
Nobel Prize for Physics ) , image = Nobel Prize.png , alt = A golden medallion with an embossed image of a bearded man facing left in profile. To the left of the man is the text "ALFR•" then "NOBEL", and on the right, the text (smaller) "NAT•" then " ...
in 1923 for the measurement of the elementary electric charge and for his work on the
photoelectric effect The photoelectric effect is the emission of electrons when electromagnetic radiation, such as light, hits a material. Electrons emitted in this manner are called photoelectrons. The phenomenon is studied in condensed matter physics, and Solid-stat ...
* Sir Robert Robinson, Nobel Prize and
Medal of Freedom The Presidential Medal of Freedom is the highest Civilian decorations of the United States, civilian award of the United States, along with the Congressional Gold Medal. It is an award bestowed by the president of the United States to recognize ...
winning British organic chemist * Robert A. Rolfe, English botanist specialising in the study of
orchids Orchids are plants that belong to the Family (biology), family Orchidaceae (), a diverse and widespread group of flowering plants with blooms that are often colourful and fragrant. Along with the Asteraceae, they are one of the two largest fam ...
* Robert Shapiro, professor emeritus of chemistry at New York University, best known for his work on the origin of life *
Robert Winston Robert Maurice Lipson Winston, Baron Winston, (born 15 July 1940) is a British professor, medical doctor, scientist, television presenter and Labour Party (UK), Labour Party politician. Early life Robert Winston was born in London to Lauren ...
, British professor, medical doctor, scientist * Robert Crooke Wood, American physicist and neurologist during the American Civil War * Robert W. Wood, American physicist and inventor who is often cited as being a pivotal contributor to the field of optics and a pioneer of
infrared photography ''Top:'' tree photographed in the near infrared range. ''Bottom:'' same tree in the Visible spectrum, visible part of the spectrum. In infrared photography, the photographic film, film or image sensor used is sensitive to infrared light ...
and
ultraviolet photography Ultraviolet photography is a photographic process of recording images by using radiation from the ultraviolet (UV) spectrum only. Images taken with ultraviolet radiation serve a number of scientific, medical or artistic purposes. Images may rev ...
* Robert J. White, American
neurosurgeon Neurosurgery or neurological surgery, known in common parlance as brain surgery, is the specialty (medicine), medical specialty concerned with the surgical treatment of disorders which affect any portion of the nervous system including the Human ...
best known for his head transplants on living monkeys


Prison officials

* Robert McKenty,
warden A warden is a custodian, defender, or guardian. Warden is often used in the sense of a watchman or guardian, as in a prison warden. It can also refer to a chief or head official, as in the Warden of the Mint. ''Warden'' is etymologically identic ...
of
Eastern State Penitentiary The Eastern State Penitentiary (ESP) is a former American prison in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is located at 2027 Fairmount Avenue between Corinthian Avenue and North 22nd Street in the Fairmount, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Fairmount section ...
* Robert J. Kirby, 45th commandant of
Sing Sing prison Sing Sing Correctional Facility, formerly Ossining Correctional Facility, is a maximum-security prison operated by the New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision The New York State Department of Corrections and Communi ...


Criminals

* Robert J. Anderson (1966–2006), American murderer *
Robert Bales Robert Bales (born June 30, 1973) is a former United States Army sniper who fatally shot or stabbed 16 Afghan civilians in a mass murder in Panjwayi District, Kandahar Province, Afghanistan, on March 11, 2012 – an event known as the Kandahar ma ...
(born 1973), former United States army soldier who committed the
Kandahar massacre The Kandahar massacre, also called the Panjwai massacre, was a mass murder that occurred in the early hours of 11 March 2012, when United States Army Staff Sergeant Robert Bales murdered 16 Afghan civilians and wounded six others in the Panjway ...
* Robert John Bardo, American assassin of
Rebecca Schaeffer Rebecca Lucile Schaeffer (November 6, 1967 – July 18, 1989) was an American actress and model. She began her career as a teen model before moving on to acting. In 1986, she landed the role of Patricia "Patti" Russell in the CBS comedy ''My Sis ...
* Robert Biehler (1934–1993), American serial killer * Robert Berdella, American serial killer, known as The Kansas City Butcher and The Collector * Robert H. Birch, (c. 1827 – c. 1866), American criminal * Robert Black (1947–2016), Scottish serial killer * Robert Eugene Brashers (1958–1999), American serial killer and rapist * Robert Charles Browne (born 1952), American murderer * Robert Anthony Buell (1940–2002), American serial killer * Robert Francis Burns (1840–1883), Irish Australian murderer and probable serial killer * Robert Edward Chambliss (1904–1985), white supremacist terrorist * Robert Glen Coe (1956–2000), American murderer * Robert Wayne Danielson (1946–1995), American serial killer * Robert Durst (1943–2022), American convicted murderer * Robert Mark Edwards (born 1961), American murderer * Robert William Fisher (born 1961), American fugitive * Robert Newton Ford, 19th century American outlaw * Robert Garrow, American spree killer * Robert Hansen (1939–2014), American serial killer known as "The Butcher Baker" * Robert Wayne Harris (1972–2012), American mass murderer and serial killer * Robert Hawkins, mass murderer who perpetrated the Westroads Mall shooting * Robert Dale Henderson (1945–1993), American spree killer * Robert Hohenberger (1943–1978), American criminal, kidnapper and serial rapist * Robert Wesley Knighton (1941–2003), American serial killer *
Robert Seldon Lady Robert Seldon Lady (born February 2, 1954 in Tegucigalpa, Honduras; nicknamed "Mister Bob") is a United States agent convicted of kidnapping in Italy for his role in the Central Intelligence Agency, CIA's abduction of Egyptian cleric Hassan Musta ...
(born 1954), United States agent convicted of kidnapping in Italy * Robert Liberty (1947–1971), American serial killer * Robert A. Long, American spree killer who perpetrated the
2021 Atlanta spa shootings On March 16, 2021, a shooting spree occurred at three spa A spa is a location where mineral-rich spring (hydrology), spring water (and sometimes seawater) is used to give medicinal baths. Spa towns or spa resorts (including hot springs re ...
* Robert "Bobby" Long, American serial killer and rapist * Robert Jay Mathews (1953–1984), American
neo-Nazi Neo-Nazism comprises the post–World War II militant, social, and political movements that seek to revive and reinstate Nazism, Nazi ideology. Neo-Nazis employ their ideology to promote hatred and Supremacism#Racial, racial supremacy (ofte ...
terrorist and the leader of The Order, an American white supremacist militant group * Robert Maudsley, English serial killer * Robert Napper, British serial killer * Robert Palin (c.1835–1861), convict transported to Western Australia * Robert Perrino (1938–1992), Bonanno crime family associate and murder victim * Robert Pickton, Canadian serial killer * Robert Ben Rhoades, American serial killer known as "The Truck Stop Killer" * Robert Dale Rowell (1955–2005), American murderer * Robert Lloyd Schellenberg, Canadian drug contrabandist * Robert M. Shelton, leader of United Klans of America, a
Ku Klux Klan The Ku Klux Klan (), commonly shortened to the KKK or the Klan, is an American white supremacist, Right-wing terrorism, right-wing terrorist, and hate group whose primary targets are African Americans, Jews, Hispanic and Latino Americans, L ...
group * Robert Steinhäuser, German mass murderer and perpetrator of the Erfurt school massacre * Robert Stroud, a convicted murderer, American federal prisoner and author known as the "Birdman of Alcatraz" who has been cited as one of the most notorious criminals in the United States *
Robert Tilton Robert Gibson Tilton (born June 7, 1946) is an American televangelist and the former pastor of the Word of Faith Family Church in Farmers Branch, Texas, Farmers Branch, Texas, a suburb of Dallas. At his ministry's peak in 1991, Tilton's infomerc ...
, American televangelist and fraudster * Robert Trimbole, Australian businessman, drug baron and
organized crime Organized crime (or organised crime) is a category of transnational organized crime, transnational, national, or local groupings of highly centralized enterprises run by criminals to engage in illegal activity, most commonly for profit. While o ...
boss *
Robert Lee Yates Robert Lee Yates Jr. (born May 27, 1952) is an American serial killer A serial killer is typically a person who murders three or more persons,A * * * * with the murders taking place over more than a month and including a significant peri ...
, American serial killer from Spokane, Washington


Judges

* Robert J. Cindrich, American judge, former United States district judge of the
United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania The United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania (in case citations, W.D. Pa.) is a United States district court, federal trial court that sits in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Pittsburgh, Erie, Pennsylvania, Erie, and John ...
* Robert H. Jackson, American attorney and judge who served as an
Associate Justice Associate justice or associate judge (or simply associate) is a judicial panel member who is not the Chief Justice, chief justice in some jurisdictions. The title "Associate Justice" is used for members of the Supreme Court of the United States ...
of the
United States Supreme Court The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the highest court in the federal judiciary of the United States. It has ultimate appellate jurisdiction over all U.S. federal court cases, and over state court cases that involve a point ...
, previously served as
United States Solicitor General The solicitor general of the United States is the fourth-highest-ranking official in the United States Department of Justice. Elizabeth Prelogar has been serving in the role since October 28, 2021. The United States solicitor general represent ...
, and
United States Attorney General The United States attorney general (AG) is the head of the United States Department of Justice, and is the chief law enforcement officer of the federal government of the United States. The attorney general serves as the principal advisor to the p ...
, the Chief United States Prosecutor at the
Nuremberg Trials The Nuremberg trials were held by the Allies of World War II, Allies against representatives of the defeated Nazi Germany, for plotting and carrying out invasions of other countries, and other crimes, in World War II. Between 1939 and 1945 ...
*
Robert Morgenthau Robert Morris Morgenthau ( ; July 31, 1919July 21, 2019) was an American lawyer. From 1975 until his retirement in 2009, he was the District Attorney In the United States, a district attorney (DA), county attorney, state's attorney, prosecu ...
, American lawyer,
District Attorney In the United States, a district attorney (DA), county attorney, state's attorney, prosecuting attorney, commonwealth's attorney, or state attorney is the chief prosecutor and/or chief law enforcement officer representing a U.S. state in a loc ...
for
New York County Manhattan (), known regionally as the City, is the most densely populated and geographically smallest of the five boroughs A borough is an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unit,Article 3(1). country su ...
and
United States Attorney United States attorneys are officials of the United States Department of Justice, U.S. Department of Justice who serve as the chief federal law enforcement officers in each of the 94 United States federal judicial district, U.S. federal judici ...
for the
Southern District of New York The United States District Court for the Southern District of New York (in case citation Case citation is a system used by legal professionals to identify past court case A legal case is in a general sense a dispute between opposing par ...
* Robert Price, British judge and politician * Robert Rajanayagam Selvadurai (1894–1973), Sri Lankan Tamil lawyer, police magistrate, and civil servant


Political figures

* Robert Buckland, Welsh Conservative Party politician and barrister who served as
Solicitor General for England and Wales His Majesty's Solicitor General for England and Wales, known informally as the Solicitor General, is one of the law officers of the Crown in the government of the United Kingdom ga, Rialtas a Shoilse gd, Riaghaltas a Mhòrachd , image ...
and
Minister of State for Prisons The Minister of State for Prisons, Parole and Probation is a mid-level ministerial office in the Ministry of Justice (United Kingdom), Ministry of Justice. It has, at times, been seen as the deputy to the Secretary of State for Justice and Lord C ...
, currently serving as
Secretary of State for Justice The secretary of state for justice, also referred to as the justice secretary, is a Secretary of State (United Kingdom), secretary of state in the Government of the United Kingdom, with responsibility for the Ministry of Justice (United Kingdom ...
and
Lord Chancellor The lord chancellor, formally the lord high chancellor of Great Britain, is the highest-ranking traditional minister among the Great Officers of State (United Kingdom), Great Officers of State in Scotland and England in the United Kingdom, no ...
* Robert J. Bulkley, United States Democratic Party Politician from Ohio; * Robert Baird, American clergyman and author *
Robert Byrd Robert Carlyle Byrd (born Cornelius Calvin Sale Jr.; November 20, 1917 – June 28, 2010) was an American politician and musician who served as a United States senator from West Virginia for over 51 years, from 1959 until his death in 2010. A ...
, American lawyer and politician who served as a United States Senator from West Virginia for over 51 years, from 1959 until his death in 2010 * Robert Chadwick, Pennsylvania State Representative * Robert J. Clendening, Pennsylvania State Representative * Robert Crosser, U.S. Representative from Ohio, the longest serving member of the United States House of Representatives from the state of Ohio * Robert "Bob" Dole, American politician and attorney who represented Kansas in the United States Senate from 1969 to 1996 * Robert Budd Dwyer, the 30th State Treasurer of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, best remembered for his public suicide on live TV; * Robert Gichimu Githinji, Kenyan MP * Robert A. Green, U.S Representative from Florida * Arthur Robert Guinness, Zealand politician and Speaker of the House of Representatives * Robert Gunawardena (1904–1971), founder of the Trotskyist
Lanka Sama Samaja Party The Lanka Sama Samaja Party, often abbreviated as LSSP ( literally: Lanka Socialist Party, Sinhala Sinhala may refer to: * Something of or related to the Sinhalese people of Sri Lanka * Sinhalese people * Sinhala language, one of the three offi ...
, diplomat *
Robert Habeck Robert Habeck (; born 2 September 1969) is a German politician and writer who has been serving as Vice Chancellor of Germany, Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action, Federal Minister for Economic Affairs and Climate Action in ...
, German politician and writer,
Vice Chancellor of Germany The vice-chancellor of Germany, unofficially the vice-chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (), officially the deputy to the federal chancellor (), is the second highest ranking Cabinet of Germany, German cabinet member. The Chancellor of ...
, Federal Minister for Economic Affairs and Climate Action * Robert G. Harper, a Federalist, member of the United States Senate from Maryland, serving from January 1816 until December of the same year * Robert H. Foerderer, U.S. Congressman from Pennsylvania from 1901 to 1903 * Robert M. La Follette Jr., U.S. senator from Wisconsin from 1925 to 1947 * Robert J. Gamble, Representative and Senator from
South Dakota South Dakota (; Sioux language, Sioux: , ) is a U.S. state in the West North Central states, North Central region of the United States. It is also part of the Great Plains. South Dakota is named after the Lakota people, Lakota and Dakota peo ...
* Robert Edward Jayatilaka, Sri Lankan Sinhala politician *
Sir Robert Laurie, 5th Baronet Sir Robert Laurie, 5th Baronet (c. 1738 – 1804) was a Scottish soldier and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1774 to 1804. Laurie was the only son of Sir Robert Laurie, 4th Baronet and his wife Christian Erskine, daughter of Cha ...
, Scottish soldier and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1774 to 1804 * Robert Lee Henry, Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from Texas from 1897 to 1917; * Robert Hertzberg, American politician serving as Majority Leader in the 
California State Senate The California State Senate is the upper house of the California State Legislature, the lower house being the California State Assembly. The State Senate convenes, along with the State Assembly, at the California State Capitol in Sacramento, Cali ...
*
Robert Lowe Robert Lowe, 1st Viscount Sherbrooke, Order of the Bath, GCB, Privy Council of the United Kingdom, PC (4 December 1811 – 27 July 1892), British wikt:statesman, statesman, was a pivotal conservative spokesman who helped shape British politics ...
, British statesman and pivotal figure who shaped British politics in the latter half of the 19th century *
Roberto Mangabeira Unger Roberto Mangabeira Unger (; born 24 March 1947) is a Brazilian philosopher and politician. His work is in the tradition of classical social theory and pragmatism, and is developed across many fields including legal theory, philosophy and religion ...
, Brazilian philosopher and politician * Robert James Manion, Canadian politician best known for leading the
Conservative Party of Canada The Conservative Party of Canada (french: Parti conservateur du Canada), colloquially known as the Tories, is a Government of Canada, federal political party in Canada. It was formed in 2003 by the merger of the two main Right-wing politics, r ...
from 1938 until 1940. * Robert "Bob" Moses, American educator and civil rights activist * Robert "Beto" O'Rourke, American politician * Robert Schmidt, Reich Minister of Food and Agriculture of Germany *
Robert Sobukwe Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe (5 December 1924 – 27 February 1978) was a prominent South African Internal resistance to apartheid, anti-apartheid revolutionary and founding member of the Pan Africanist Congress of Azania, Pan Africanist Congress ( ...
, prominent South African political dissident and teacher who founded and became the first president of the
Pan Africanist Congress The Pan Africanist Congress of Azania (known as the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC)) is a South African national liberation Pan-Africanist movement that is now a political party. It was founded by an Africanist group, led by Robert Sobukwe, tha ...
*
Robert Roosevelt Robert Barnhill Roosevelt, also known as Robert Barnwell Roosevelt (August 7, 1829 – June 14, 1906), was a sportsman, author, and politician who served as a United States representative from New York (1871–1873) and as United States Ambassad ...
, a sportsman, author and politician who served as a
United States representative The United States House of Representatives, often referred to as the House of Representatives, the U.S. House, or simply the House, is the Lower house, lower chamber of the United States Congress, with the United States Senate, Senate being ...
from New York and as Minister to the Hague, brother of the president of America
Theodore Roosevelt Theodore Roosevelt Jr. ( ; October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919), often referred to as Teddy or by his initials, T. R., was an American politician, statesman, soldier, conservationist, naturalist, historian, and writer who served as the 26t ...
; * Robert K. Steel, American businessman, financier and government official; * Robert A. Taft, American conservative politician, lawyer, and scion of the
Taft family The Taft family of the United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U ...
; * Robert L. "Bob" Turner, American businessman and politician * Robert F. Williams, American civil rights leader and author best known for serving as president of the
Monroe, North Carolina Monroe is a city A city is a human settlement of notable size.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Rout ...
chapter of the
NAACP The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is a civil rights organization in the United States, formed in 1909 as an interracial endeavor to advance justice for African Americans by a group including W. E.&nb ...


Secretaries of War

*
Robert Todd Lincoln Robert Todd Lincoln (August 1, 1843 – July 26, 1926) was an American lawyer, businessman, and politician. He was the eldest son of President President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate title) *President (education), a lea ...
, American politician, lawyer, and businessman, the first son of
Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln ( ; February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American lawyer, politician, and statesman who served as the 16th president of the United States from 1861 until his assassination in 1865. Lincoln led the nation throu ...
,
United States Secretary of War The secretary of war was a member of the President of the United States, U.S. president's United States Cabinet, Cabinet, beginning with George Washington's Presidency of George Washington, administration. A similar position, called either "Se ...
and United States Minister to the United Kingdom * Robert P. Patterson,
United States Secretary of War The secretary of war was a member of the President of the United States, U.S. president's United States Cabinet, Cabinet, beginning with George Washington's Presidency of George Washington, administration. A similar position, called either "Se ...


Secretaries of State

* Lord
Robert Crewe-Milnes, 1st Marquess of Crewe Robert Offley Ashburton Crewe-Milnes, 1st Marquess of Crewe, (12 January 185820 June 1945), known as The Honourable Robert Milnes from 1863 to 1885, The Lord Houghton from 1885 to 1895 and as The Earl of Crewe from 1895 to 1911, was a British L ...
,
Secretary of State for India His (or Her) Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for India, known for short as the India Secretary or the Indian Secretary, was the Cabinet of the United Kingdom, British Cabinet minister and the Head of Government, political head of the ...
during
World War I World War I (28 July 1914 11 November 1918), often abbreviated as WWI, was List of wars and anthropogenic disasters by death toll, one of the deadliest global conflicts in history. Belligerents included much of Europe, the Russian Empire, ...
and
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (), or more formally Lieutenant General and General Governor of Ireland, was the title of the chief governor of Ireland from the Williamite Wars of 1690 in Ireland, 1690 until the Partition of Ireland in 1922. This sp ...
* Robert M. T. Hunter,
Virginia Virginia, officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a U.S. state, state in the Mid-Atlantic (United States), Mid-Atlantic and Southeastern United States, Southeastern regions of the United States, between the East Coast of the United Stat ...
lawyer, politician and plantation owner,
U.S. Representative The United States House of Representatives, often referred to as the House of Representatives, the U.S. House, or simply the House, is the lower chamber A lower house is one of two Debate chamber, chambers of a Bicameralism, bicameral l ...
(1837–1843, 1845–1847), Speaker of the House (1839–1841), and U.S. Senator (1847–1861), during the
American Civil War The American Civil War (April 12, 1861 – May 26, 1865; also known by Names of the American Civil War, other names) was a civil war in the United States. It was fought between the Union (American Civil War), Union ("the North") and t ...
, the Confederate States Secretary of State (1861–1862) and then a Confederate Senator (1862–1865) * Robert Smith, second
United States Secretary of the Navy The secretary of the Navy (or SECNAV) is a statutory officer () and the head (chief executive officer) of the United States Department of the Navy, Department of the Navy, a military department (component organization) within the United States D ...
from 1801 to 1809 and the sixth
United States Secretary of State The United States secretary of state is a member of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States and the head of the United States Department of State, U.S. Department of State. The office holder is one of the highest ra ...
from 1809 to 1811 * Sir Robert Southwell, Irish diplomat,
Secretary of State for Ireland The Principal Secretary of State, or Principal Secretary of the Council, was a government office in the Kingdom of Ireland The Kingdom of Ireland ( ga, label= Classical Irish, an Ríoghacht Éireann; ga, label= Modern Irish, an Ríocht É ...
and
President of the Royal Society The president of the Royal Society (PRS) is the elected Head of the Royal Society of London who presides over meetings of the society's council. After informal meetings at Gresham College, the Royal Society was officially founded on 28 November ...
from 1690


Governors

* Robert J. Bentley, American politician and physician who served as the 53rd Governor of Alabama from 2011 until 2017; * Robert Brooke (Virginia governor), Robert Brooke, soldier and Virginia political figure who served as the List of Governors of Virginia, tenth Governor of Virginia * Robert Brooke (East India Company officer), Robert Brooke, lieutenant-colonel in the army of
Bengal Bengal ( ; bn, বাংলা/বঙ্গ, translit=Bānglā/Bôngô, ) is a geopolitical, cultural and historical region in South Asia South Asia is the southern subregion of Asia Asia (, ) is one of the world's most not ...
and Governor of Saint Helena, governor of the island of St Helena from 1788 to 1800 * Robert Carter I, American colonist, List of colonial governors of Virginia, Colonial Governor of Virginia and Speaker of the Virginia House of Burgesses; * Robert Stockton Green, American Democratic Party politician, who served as the 27th Governor of New Jersey from 1887 to 1890 * Robert Hunter (governor), Robert Hunter, British military officer, colonial governor of New York (province), New York and
New Jersey New Jersey is a U.S. state, state in the Mid-Atlantic States, Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern United States, Northeastern regions of the United States. It is bordered on the north and east by the state of New York (state), New York; on the ea ...
from 1710 to 1720, and governor of Jamaica from 1727 to 1734; * Robert M. La Follette, American lawyer and politician who served as the 20th Governor of Wisconsin; * Robert S. Kerr, American businessman and politician, 12th Governor of Oklahoma * Robert S. Kerr III, American politician, Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma * Robert Lowry (governor), Robert Lowry, American politician and a
Confederate States Army The Confederate States Army, also called the Confederate Army or the Southern Army, was the military land force of the Confederate States of America (commonly referred to as the Confederacy) during the American Civil War (1861–1865), fighting ...
general during the
American Civil War The American Civil War (April 12, 1861 – May 26, 1865; also known by Names of the American Civil War, other names) was a civil war in the United States. It was fought between the Union (American Civil War), Union ("the North") and t ...
, who served as 32nd Governor of Mississippi; * Robert D. Orr, American politician and diplomat who served as the List of Governors of Indiana, 45th Governor of Indiana from 1981 to 1989 * Robert E. Quinn, American attorney and politician from Rhode Island who served as the 58th Governor of Rhode Island and Judge for the Rhode Island Superior Court * Robert Marcellus Stewart, 14th Governor of Missouri from 1857 to 1861, during the years just prior to the American Civil War; * Robert Yellowtail, leader of the Crow Nation, the first Native Americans in the United States, Native American to hold the post of Agency Superintendent at a reservation in the Crow Indian Reservation


Mayors

* Robert Worth Bingham, American politician, judge, United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom and mayor of Louisville, Kentucky * Robert Brent, the first Mayor of Washington, D.C., the federal capital of the United States; * Robert T. Conrad, the first mayor of Philadelphia to take office following the Consolidation Act of 1854; * Rob Ford, Robert "Rob" Ford, Canadian politician and businessman who served as the 64th Mayor of Toronto; * Robert King High, American politician who served as 29th mayor of the city of Miami; * Robert H. Morris (mayor), Robert H. Morris, 64th mayor of New York City; * Robert F. Wagner Jr., American politician who served three terms as the mayor of New York City from 1954 through 1965


Founding fathers of United States

* Robert R. Livingston (chancellor), Robert R. Livingston, American lawyer, politician, diplomat from New York, 1st United States Secretary of Foreign Affairs, 1st Chancellor of New York and a Founding Fathers of the United States, Founding Father of the United States * Robert Morris (financier), Robert Morris, English-born merchant,
United States Secretary of the Navy The secretary of the Navy (or SECNAV) is a statutory officer () and the head (chief executive officer) of the United States Department of the Navy, Department of the Navy, a military department (component organization) within the United States D ...
, United States Superintendent of Finance and a Founding Father of the United States * Robert Treat Paine, American lawyer, politician and Founding Father of the United States who signed the Continental Association and the United States Declaration of Independence, Declaration of Independence as a representative of Massachusetts


Literary figures

* Robert Browning, English poet and playwright whose mastery of the dramatic monologue made him one of the foremost 19th century poets * Robert Burns, Scottish/British poet and lyricist, widely regarded as the national poet of Scotland * Robert Commanday, American music critic, List of chief music critics, chief classical music critic of the San Francisco Chronicle (1964–1994) * Robert Cormier, American author and journalist, known for his deeply pessimistic novels * Robert Frost, American poet * Robert Hardman (born 1965), British journalist, author, and documentary filmmaker * Robert Harris (novelist), Robert Harris, English novelist and former BBC reporter * Robert A. Heinlein, American science-fiction writer, one of the pioneers of hard science fiction genre *Robert Hichens (writer), Robert Hichens, English journalist, novelist, music lyricist, short story writer, music critic * Robert E. Howard, American author who wrote pulp fiction, well known for his character Conan the Barbarian, regarded as the father of the sword and sorcery subgenre * Robert G. Ingersoll, American writer and orator during the Golden Age of Freethought, who campaigned in defense of agnosticism * Bob Kane, Robert "Bob" Kane, American comic book artist and writer, best known for creating the character Batman (character), Batman * Robert Kirkman, American comic book author best known for creating ''The Walking Dead (franchise), The Walking Dead'' * Rob Liefeld, Robert "Rob" Liefeld, American comic book artist and writer, best known for creating the character Deadpool * Robert Nozick, American philosopher and writer * Robert Rozhdestvensky, Soviet Russian poet, regarded as one of the most significant Russian poets * Robert W. Service, British-Canadian poet and writer * Robert J.C. Stead, Canadian novelist * Robert Louis Stevenson, Scottish novelist, poet, essayist, musician and travel writer, best known for his work Treasure Island, which became one of the most popular literary works of all time * Robert Anton Wilson, American author, futurist, philosopher and self-described agnostic mystic, co-author (with Robert Shea) of ''The Illuminatus! Trilogy''


Businessmen

* Robert Bosch, German industrialist, businessman, engineer and inventor, founder of Robert Bosch GmbH (Bosch) * Robert Kardashian, American attorney and businessman * Robert Kiyosaki, American businessman and author, founder of the Rich Dad Company * Robert Kyncl, American business executive, Chief Business Officer of YouTube and former Vice President of Content Acquisitions of Netflix * Robert Napier (engineer), Robert Napier, Scottish marine engineer and founder of Robert Napier and Sons * Robert Miles Sloman, English-German shipbuilder, ship owner and sailor * Robert Smalls, American businessman, publisher, and politician * Robert F. Smith (investor), Robert F. Smith, American billionaire, businessman, philanthropist, chemical engineer, and investor, founder, chairman, and CEO of private equity firm Vista Equity Partners * Robert Trump, American real estate developer and business executive, brother of the president of America Donald Trump * Robert Winthrop (banker), Robert Winthrop, wealthy banker and capitalist in New York City


Administrators of NASA

* Robert A. Frosch, American scientist who was the fifth administrator of NASA from 1977 to 1981 * Robert M. Lightfoot Jr., engineer and former List of Administrators and Deputy Administrators of NASA, Acting Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), serving from January 20, 2017, until April 23, 2018, making him the longest-serving Acting Administrator in NASA history


Astronauts

* Robert L. Behnken, United States Air Force officer, NASA astronaut and former Chief of the Astronaut Office * Robert D. Cabana, director of NASA's John F. Kennedy Space Center, a former NASA astronaut, and a veteran of four Space Shuttle flights * Robert J. Cenker, American aerospace and electrical engineer, aerospace systems consultant, and former astronaut * Robert Crippen, American retired naval officer and aviator, test pilot, aerospace engineer, and retired astronaut * Robert Curbeam, former NASA astronaut and captain in the United States Navy * Robert L. Gibson, former American naval officer and aviator, test pilot, aeronautical engineer, and a retired NASA astronaut, as well as a professional pilot and regular racer at the annual Reno Air Races * Robert S. Kimbrough, retired United States Army officer, and a NASA astronaut * Robert Henry Lawrence Jr., Robert Lawrence Jr., a United States Air Force officer and the first African-American astronaut * Robert F. Overmyer, American test pilot, naval aviator, aeronautical engineer, physicist, United States Marine Corps officer and USAF/NASA astronaut * Robert A. Parker, American physicist and astronomer, former Director of the NASA Management Office at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and a retired NASA astronaut * Robert Satcher, American physician, chemical engineer and NASA astronaut * Robert C. Springer, retired American astronaut and test pilot * Robert L. Stewart, retired brigadier general of the United States Army and a former NASA astronaut * Robert Thirsk, a Canadian engineer and physician, and a former Canadian Space Agency astronaut * Roberto Vittori, Italian air force officer and an ESA astronaut


Sportsmen

* Robert Alexander (Irish sportsman), Robert Alexander, Irish sportsman * Roberto Baggio, Italian former professional footballer who mainly played as a second striker, or as an attacking midfielder * Roberto Carlos, Brazilian footballer, widely regarded as one of the best football players of all time * Rob Conway, Robért Conway, American professional wrestler * Robert Fein (1907–1975), Austrian Olympic champion weightlifter * Robert Gibson (cricketer, born 1801), Robert Gibson (1801–1???), English cricketer * Robert Gibson (cricketer, born 1821), Robert Gibson (1821–1875), English cricketer * Robert Gibson (wrestler), Robert Gibson (born 1958), American wrestler * Robert Gibson (rower), Robert Gibson (born 1986), Canadian rower * Robert Green, English professional footballer who played as a goalkeeper, played in the Premier League and Football League and for the England national team * Robert Griffin III, American football quarterback for the Baltimore Ravens of the National Football League * Robert Gsellman (born 1993), American baseball player * Robert Helenius, Finnish professional boxer * Robert Howard (martial artist), Robert Howard, Irish Grandmaster (martial arts), Grandmaster of taekwondo * Bobby Hull, Robert "Bobby" Hull, Canadian former ice hockey player who is regarded as one of the greatest players of all time * Róbert Jež, retired Slovak footballer * Bob Kalsu, Robert "Bob" Kalsu, American football player and United States Army officer * Robert Kerr (athlete), Robert Kerr, Irish Canadian sprinter * Robbie Kerr, Robert "Robbie" Kerr, British racing driver *Robert Kubica, Polish racing driver * Robert Lewandowski, Polish football player who plays as a striker for FC Barcelona and is the captain of the Poland national football team, Poland national team * Roberto López Ufarte, Basque former footballer * Roberto Mancini, Italian Association football, football manager and former player who is the manager of the Italy national football team, Italy national team * Bob McNamara (baseball), Robert "Bob" McNamara, American baseball player * Alexander Michel Melki, Robert Alexander Michel Melki (born 1992), Swedish-Lebanese footballer * Robert Mühren, Dutch professional footballer * Robert Person (born 1969), American baseball player * Bobby Orr, Robert "Bobby" Orr, Canadian former professional ice hockey player, widely acknowledged as one of the greatest of all time * Robert Remus, American professional wrestler known as Sgt. Slaughter * Rob Terry, Robert "Rob" Terry, Welsh professional wrestler and bodybuilder * Robert Whittaker (fighter), Robert Whittaker, New Zealand-born Australian professional mixed martial artist * Robert Wickens, Canadian racing driver


Paranormal

* Robert (doll), Robert the Doll, a supposedly haunted doll exhibited at a museum, center of an urban legend


Others

* Robert Barclay Allardice, generally known as Captain Barclay, Scottish walker of the early 19th century, known as the celebrated pedestrian, considered the father of the 19th century sport of pedestrianism, a precursor to racewalking * Robert T. Barrett, American painter, illustrator, and professor of illustration at Brigham Young University * Rob Bell, Robert "Rob" Bell Jr., American author, speaker and former pastor * Rob Bell (TV presenter), Rob Bell, American TV host and adventurer * Robert Bevan, British painter, drawing, draughtsman and lithographer, founding member of the Camden Town Group, the London Group, and the Cumberland Market Group * Robert S. Browne (1924–2004), American economist * Robert Capa, Hungarian war photographer and photojournalist * Robert Chung, Hong Kong academician, former Director of the Public Opinion Programme (POP) of the University of Hong Kong, head of the Hong Kong Public Opinion Research Institute * Robert Conquest, an English-American historian and poet * Robert Cornelius, American pioneer of photography and a lamp manufacturer who took the first light picture ever taken and whose self-taken portrait is the first known photographic portrait taken in America * Robert de Cotte, French architect-administrator, under whose design control of the royal buildings of France the earliest notes presaging the Rococo style were introduced * Robert G. Elliott, American executioner * Robert Elms, English writer and broadcaster * Robert Garrow (1936–1978), American serial rapist and later spree killer * Robert Gibbings, Irish artist and author who was most noted for his work as a wood engraver and sculptor * Robert Gregg, Anglican Archbishop * Robert Gray (bishop of Cape Town), Robert Gray, first Anglican Bishop of Cape Town and Metropolitan of Africa * Robert Gray (bishop of Bristol), Robert Gray, English Bishop of Bristol * Robert Gray (sea captain), Robert Gray, American merchant sea captain who pioneered the maritime fur trade * Robert H. Gray, American data analyst, author and astronomer *Robert Grierson (missionary), Robert Grierson, Canadian missionary to Korea * Roparz Hemon (Robert Hemon), Breton author and scholar of Breton expression * Robert Henri, American painter and teacher * Robert Hichens (sailor), Robert Hichens, British sailor who was part of the deck crew on board the RMS Titanic as one of six quartermasters on board the vessel and was at the ships wheel when it struck the iceberg * Carl Robert Jakobson, Estonian writer, politician and teacher, one of the most important people in the Estonian national awakening * Robert Knox (bishop), Robert Knox, Irish bishop * Robert Lopez, award-winning American songwriter of musicals, best known for co-creating The Book of Mormon (musical), The Book of Mormon and Avenue Q, and for composing the songs featured in the Walt Disney Animation Studios, 3D Disney computer animated films Frozen (2013 film), Frozen and Coco (2017 film), Coco * Roberto Matta, of Chilean painter and a seminal figure in 20th century abstract expressionist and surrealist art * Bob Moir (1929–2016) was a Canadian television producer, sports commentator, and journalist * Robert Molyneux, English-American Catholic priest and Jesuit missionary to the United States * Robert de Montesquiou, French aesthete, Symbolist poet and art collector * Captain Robert Nairac,
British Army The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a country in Europe, off the north-western ...
officer in Special Reconnaissance Unit, 14 Intelligence Company who was abducted from a pub in Dromintee, south County Armagh, during an undercover operation and assassinated by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) on his fourth tour of duty in Northern Ireland as a Military Intelligence Liaison Officer * Robert M. Price, American theologian and writer * Bob Ross, Robert "Bob" Ross, American painter, art instructor, and television host * Robert O. Scholz, American architect from Washington, D.C. * Robert Livingston Rudolph, American bishop of the Reformed Episcopal Church * Death of Robert Stevens, Robert Stevens, British-born American photojournalist killed in the 2001 anthrax attacks * Robert Scotland Liddell, British war reporter and photographer * Robert Topala, also known as Zhenmuron, Swedish musician and video game developer known for developing the popular rhythm based arcade art game Geometry Dash * Robert Barron (bishop), American prelate of the Catholic Church, author, theologian and evangelist, known for his Word on Fire ministry * Robert Wadlow, known as the Alton, Illinois, Alton Giant and the Giant of Illinois, an American who became famous as the tallest person in recorded history * Robert Wipper, Russian historian of classical antiquity, medieval and modern period


Fictional characters

* Rocky Balboa, Robert "Rocky" Balboa, the main character in the Rocky Balboa film series; * King Robert Baratheon, a fictional king in ''A Song of Ice and Fire'' novels by George R. R. Martin & the 2011 TV series ''Game of Thrones'' (King of the Andals, the Rhoynar and the First Men, Lord of the Seven Kingdoms, Protector of the Realm, Lord of Storm's End, Lord Paramount of the Stormlands) * Commander List of S.W.A.T. (2017 TV series) characters, Robert Hicks, A senior officer with the LAPD Special Operations Bureau in S.W.A.T. (2017 TV series), 2017 TV series S.W.A.T. * Robert, main character of the 2021 action thriller Roberrt * List of Everybody Loves Raymond characters, Robert Barone, a character from the 1996 sitcom ''Everybody Loves Raymond'' *Robert Baxter, one of the main characters in the video game ''Time Crisis II'', later the main antagonist of ''Time Crisis 5'' * Robert Blake, main character in the story The Haunter of the Dark by H.P. Lovecraft * Robert the Devil, main character of a legend of medieval origin about a Norman knight who discovers he is the son of Satan * Robert "Yokai" Callaghan, a former robotics professor at the San Fransokyo Institute of Technology and the main antagonist of Big Hero 6 (film), Big Hero 6 * Robert Philip, one of the main characters in the 2007 film Enchanted (film), Enchanted * Robert Jürgens, owner of Griffolyon, character from the Japanese Manga series Beyblade (manga), Beyblade * Robert Drake, fictional superhero known as Iceman (Marvel Comics), Iceman, appearing in comic books published by Marvel Comics, a founding member of the X-Men * Robert Ford, main character in TV series Westworld (TV series), Westworld * Robert "Rob" Smith, character from the TV series The Goldbergs (2013 TV series), The Goldbergs * Robert Langdon, symbologist and cryptologist in Dan Brown's novels ''Angels & Demons, The Da Vinci Code, The Lost Symbol & Inferno (Brown novel), Inferno'', the 2006 film The Da Vinci Code (film), ''The Da Vinci Code'' & the 2009 film Angels & Demons (film), ''Angels & Demons'' * Robert McGonagall, father of Minerva McGonagall, the transfiguration teacher and Head of Gryffindor House in the Harry Potter franchise; * Bobby Nash, Robert "Bobby" Nash, a firefighter in TV series 9-1-1 (TV series), 9-1-1 * Robert Neville, a main protagonist and US Army Virologist in 2007 movie ''I Am Legend (film), I Am Legend''; * Robert "Bob" Newby, a character from the TV series Stranger Things * Robert Paulson, a character in Chuck Palahniuk's novel ''Fight Club (novel), Fight Club'' and the 1999 Fight Club, film of the same name * Robert "Bob" Fossil, a zoo owner in the TV series The Mighty Boosh * Robert Reynolds, a Marvel Comics Superhero known as Sentry (Robert Reynolds), Sentry * Robbie Rotten, the main villain in ''LazyTown'' since the second play, ''Glanni Glæpur í Latabæ'' (Robbie Rotten in LazyTown); * Robbie Shapiro, Robert "Robbie" Shapiro, character from TV series Victorious * Bobby Singer, Robert "Bobby" Singer, fictional character in The CW Television Network's horror-drama television series Supernatural (U.S. TV series), Supernatural * Robert The Scotsman, character from animated series Samurai Jack * Robert "Bob" Stone, main character, CIA agent and martial arts specialist from the action comedy Central Intelligence * Robb Stark, Robert "Robb" Stark, a fictional character in ''A Song of Ice and Fire'' novels by George R. R. Martin & the 2011 TV series ''Game of Thrones'' * Robert Chan, chief executive of Umbrella Corps in Resident Evil franchise * Resident Evil characters, Robert "Bob" Kendo, a character from Resident Evil franchise * Robert, character from the Lithuanian soap opera Moterys meluoja geriau (Women lie better) and its Latvian version Viņas melo labāk * Robert T. Sturgeon, video game character in the Ninja Gaiden series * Robert "Bob" Gray, real name of the character known as It (character), It or Pennywise the Dancing Clown from the horror story and movies of the same name * SpongeBob SquarePants (character), Sponge Robert "Bob" SquarePants, title character of the animated series SpongeBob SquarePants * Robert "Bob" the Builder, a character from the British animated series Bob the Builder * Robert Seaver, a character from Homeward Bound: The Incredible Journey * Hulk, Robert Bruce Banner, a major character featured in Marvel Comics, known as Hulk, The Incredible Hulk * Dr Robert Gru, character from the Despicable Me franchise * Robert "Bob" Parr, a fictional superhero known as Mr Incredible from The Incredibles franchise * Robert Underdunk Terwilliger, known as Sideshow Bob, a character from the animated series The Simpsons * Robert Accutrone, a Quincy and a member of the Wandenreich's Sternritter with the designation "N" from the Bleach manga * Robert Stanton, a character from the American horror franchise Five Nights at Freddy's *Robert Garcia (Art of Fighting), Robert Garcia, a characters from the ''Art of Fighting'' and ''The King of Fighters'' series of video games


Folklore

* Puck (folklore), Robert Goodfellow, Household deity, domestic and nature sprite (creature), sprite, demon, or fairy in mythology * Knecht Ruprecht, Knight Robert, a legendary Christmas character from German folklore * Robert, one of the names often used to refer to a legendary Christmas character known as Krampus * Robert, one of the names often used to refer to the Devil in mythology


See also

* Rob (given name), short for Robert * Robby, nickname for Robert * Robbie, nickname for Robert * Bob (given name), nickname for Robert * Bobby (given name), nickname for Robert * Roberts (surname) * Robertson (surname) * Roberson (surname), Roberson * Rupert (name), alternate version of Robert * Robin (name), formerly a nickname for Robert * Robinson (name) * Robinett * Robinet (disambiguation), Robinet * Robinette (disambiguation), Robinette


References

{{given name, type=both English-language masculine given names English masculine given names German masculine given names Dutch masculine given names Germanic given names French masculine given names Romanian masculine given names Norwegian masculine given names Swedish masculine given names Danish masculine given names Estonian masculine given names Icelandic masculine given names Irish masculine given names Scottish masculine given names