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Robert Bernerd Anderson (June 4, 1910 – August 14, 1989) was an American administrator and businessman. He served as the Secretary of the Navy between February 1953 and March 1954. He also served as the Secretary of the Treasury from 1957 until 1961, and was one of President Eisenhower's closest confidants.[1] Two years before his death from cancer, he was disbarred for illegal banking operations and tax evasion.

Contents

1 Early life 2 State government service 3 Marriage and children 4 Federal government service 5 Private business and death 6 References 7 External links

Early life[edit] Anderson was born in Burleson, Texas
Burleson, Texas
on June 4, 1910, to Robert Lee Anderson and his wife Elizabeth Haskew "Lizzy" Anderson. He was a high school teacher prior to entering the University of Texas
Texas
Law School, from which he graduated in 1932. He thereafter engaged in political, governmental, law and business activities in the state of Texas. State government service[edit] Upon leaving the University of Texas
Texas
School of Law in 1932, Anderson soon became an Assistant Attorney General for the State of Texas
Texas
where he worked in 1933-1934. By 1934, he moved onward to become a State of Texas
Texas
Tax Commissioner. By 1939-1940, Anderson pursued opportunities within the private sector; he and two other partners purchased the City of Austin-based KTBC radio station from the Texas
Texas
Broadcasting Company. Not able to increase KTBC's broadcasting power from the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), the three partners then sold KTBC to Lady Bird Johnson in January–February 1943; she was the wife of U.S. Representative—and future Senator and U.S. President—Lyndon B. Johnson. Marriage and children[edit] Anderson married Ollie Mae Rawlins on April 10, 1935. The couple had two sons, Gerald Lee and James Richard. The Anderson family later moved to Cleburne, Texas. Ollie Anderson died in Greenwich, Connecticut of Alzheimer disease
Alzheimer disease
on May 31, 1987. Federal government service[edit] During his time as Navy Secretary, he ended the last formal vestiges of racial segregation in the Navy and advocated the force levels and technological advances necessary to maintain a flexible defense strategy. In May 1954, Anderson left his Navy post to become Deputy Secretary of Defense. He received the Medal of Freedom
Medal of Freedom
in 1955. From 1957 to 1961, he served as President Eisenhower's Secretary of the Treasury. Eisenhower was particularly impressed by Anderson's abilities, believing him to be more than capable of being president himself, and he named him as one of his leading choices to be his running mate in 1956, should to be Vice-President Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
have accepted Eisenhower's recommendation that he leave the vice-presidency in order to serve as Secretary of Defense. However, Nixon opted to remain on the ticket with Ike. As 1960 approached, Eisenhower acknowledged that Nixon no doubt had the Republican presidential nomination sewn up, but he privately pressed Anderson to enter the primaries and challenge Nixon, but Anderson declined. Once Nixon was nominated, Eisenhower suggested that he select Anderson as his running mate, but Nixon chose Henry Cabot Lodge Jr.
Henry Cabot Lodge Jr.
instead. Eisenhower said Anderson "is just about the ablest man that I know, He would make a splendid President."[2] In 1959, as Secretary of the Treasury, Anderson supported the creation of the International Development Association, after pressure from then-Senator Mike Monroney
Mike Monroney
(D-Oklahoma).[3] Private business and death[edit] After leaving office, he was active in business, investment and banking affairs, and, during the 1960s, carried out diplomatic missions on behalf of President Lyndon B. Johnson. Including many trips to Cario to confer with the Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser in the wake of the 1967 Six Day War. [4] Anderson's career ended in personal suffering. He was hospitalized several times for alcoholism. He illegally operated the Commercial Exchange Bank of Anguilla, British West Indies, which had an unlicensed New York branch office. The bank lost $4.4 million and several investors lost their life savings in the mid 1980s. The bank also laundered large amounts of cash for drug traffickers. In 1987, Anderson pleaded guilty to criminal violations of the banking laws and to tax evasion, and was sentenced to prison. The Supreme Court of New York Appellate Division, in disbarring Anderson from the practice of law, called his disbarment "a sad but we think necessary end to the legal career of one who has in times less beclouded by poor and corrupt judgment served his country in high office as Secretary of Treasury, Deputy Secretary of the Navy and as Special
Special
Ambassador to Panama
Panama
during the Panama
Panama
Canal negotiations."[5] Anderson died of throat cancer following his cancer sugery in New York City on August 14, 1989. He was buried in Rose Hill Cemetery in Cleburne, Texas. References[edit]

^ Ambrose, Stephen E. (1990). Eisenhower: Soldier and President. Simon & Schuster. p. 501. ISBN 0-671-74758-4.  ^ Ambrose, Stephen (September 28, 1984). Eisenhower the President. 4302: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0671499013.  ^ Kapur et al, 1997, The World Bank: Its First Half Century, Volume 1, Washington DC: Brooklings Institution ^ https://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1964-68v19/d500 ^ Matter of Anderson, 142 A.D.2d 498, 536 N.Y.S.2d 765 (January 12, 1989).

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Robert Bernard Anderson.

Papers of Robert B. Anderson, Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Presidential Library Robert B. Anderson
Robert B. Anderson
at Find a Grave
Find a Grave

Government offices

Preceded by Dan A. Kimball United States
United States
Secretary of the Navy February 4, 1953 – March 3, 1954 Succeeded by Charles S. Thomas

Political offices

Preceded by Roger M. Kyes United States
United States
Deputy Secretary of Defense 1954–1955 Succeeded by Donald A. Quarles

Preceded by George M. Humphrey U.S. Secretary of the Treasury Served under: Dwight D. Eisenhower 1957–1961 Succeeded by C. Douglas Dillon

v t e

United States
United States
Department of the Navy

Secretaries

Cabinet level

Stoddert Smith Hamilton Jones Crowninshield S Thompson Southard Branch L. Woodbury Dickerson Paulding Badger Upshur Henshaw Gilmer Mason Bancroft Mason Preston Graham Kennedy Dobbin Toucey Welles Borie Robeson R Thompson Goff Hunt Chandler Whitney Tracy Herbert Long Moody Morton Bonaparte Metcalf Newberry Meyer Daniels Denby Wilbur Adams Swanson Edison Knox Forrestal

Dept. of Defense

Sullivan Matthews Kimball Anderson Thomas T. Gates Franke Connally Korth Nitze Ignatius Chafee Warner Middendorf Claytor Hidalgo Lehman Webb Ball Garrett O'Keefe Dalton Danzig England Winter Mabus Spencer

Under Secretaries

Forrestal Bard A. Gates Sullivan Kenney Kimball Whitehair Thomas T. Gates Franke Bantz Fay BeLieu Baldwin Baird Warner Sanders Middendorf Potter Macdonald Woolsey Murray Goodrich Garrett Howard Danzig Hultin Pirie Livingstone Aviles Work Davidson Modly

Assistant Secretaries

Pre–1954

Fox Faxon Soley McAdoo T. Roosevelt Sr. Allen Hackett Darling Newberry Satterlee Winthrop F. Roosevelt G. Woodbury T. Roosevelt Jr. Robinson Jahncke H. Roosevelt Edison Compton Bard Hensel Kenney Andrews Koehler Askins Fogler

Post–1954

Financial Management and Comptroller Installations and Environment Manpower and Reserve Affairs Research, Development and Acquisitions General Counsel of the Navy defunct:

Air Installations and Logistics Material Research and Development Research, Engineering and Systems Shipbuilding and Logistics

v t e

United States
United States
Secretaries of the Treasury

18th century

Hamilton Wolcott Dexter

19th century

Gallatin Campbell Dallas Crawford Rush Ingham McLane Duane Taney Woodbury Ewing Forward Spencer Bibb Walker Meredith Corwin Guthrie Cobb Thomas Dix Chase Fessenden McCulloch Boutwell Richardson Bristow Morrill Sherman Windom Folger Gresham McCulloch Manning Fairchild Windom Foster Carlisle Gage

20th century

Shaw Cortelyou MacVeagh McAdoo Glass Houston Mellon Mills Woodin Morgenthau Vinson Snyder Humphrey Anderson Dillon Fowler Barr Kennedy Connally Shultz Simon Blumenthal Miller Regan Baker Brady Bentsen Rubin Summers

21st century

O'Neill Snow Paulson Geithner Lew Mnuchin

v t e

United States
United States
Deputy Secretaries of Defense

Early Lovett Foster Kyes Anderson Robertson Quarles Gates Douglas Gilpatric Vance Nitze Packard Rush Clements Duncan Claytor Carlucci Thayer Taft Atwood Perry Deutch White Hamre de Leon Wolfowitz England Lynn Carter Work Shanahan

v t e

Cabinet of President Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
(1953–61)

Vice President

Richard M. Nixon (1953–61)

Secretary of State

John Foster Dulles
John Foster Dulles
(1953–59) Christian A. Herter (1959–61)

Secretary of the Treasury

George Magoffin Humphrey (1953–57) Robert B. Anderson
Robert B. Anderson
(1957–61)

Secretary of Defense

Charles E. Wilson (1953–57) Neil H. McElroy
Neil H. McElroy
(1957–59) Thomas S. Gates Jr.
Thomas S. Gates Jr.
(1959–61)

Attorney General

Herbert Brownell Jr.
Herbert Brownell Jr.
(1953–57) William P. Rogers
William P. Rogers
(1957–61)

Postmaster General

Arthur E. Summerfield (1953–61)

Secretary of the Interior

Douglas McKay
Douglas McKay
(1953–56) Fred A. Seaton (1956–61)

Secretary of Agriculture

Ezra Taft Benson
Ezra Taft Benson
(1953–61)

Secretary of Commerce

Sinclair Weeks
Sinclair Weeks
(1953–58) Lewis L. Strauss (1958–59) Frederick H. Mueller
Frederick H. Mueller
(1959–61)

Secretary of Labor

Martin P. Durkin (1953) James P. Mitchell
James P. Mitchell
(1953–61)

Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare

Oveta Culp Hobby
Oveta Culp Hobby
(1953–55) Marion B. Folsom
Marion B. Folsom
(1955–58) Arthur S. Flemming (1958–61)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 14468564 LCCN: no2003105461 GND: 174096518 SN

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