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In the geologic timescale, the Roadian
Roadian
is an age or stage of the Permian. It is the earliest or lower of three subdivisions of the Guadalupian
Guadalupian
epoch or series. The Roadian
Roadian
lasted between 272.95 and 268.8 million years ago (Ma). It was preceded by the Kungurian and followed by the Wordian.[2]

Contents

1 Stratigraphy 2 Biodiversity 3 Palaeontology

3.1 Amphibians

4 References

4.1 Literature

5 External links

Stratigraphy[edit] The Wordian stage was introduced into scientific literature in 1916 and was named after the Word Formation of the North American Permian Basin. In 1961, the regional timescale used for the southeastern US had the Wordian and Capitanian as subdivisions of the Guadalupian.[3] Efforts to correlate the Permian
Permian
stratigraphy of the southeastern US with that of Russia
Russia
led to the conclusion that between the Wordian stage and the Russian Artinskian
Artinskian
stage, another stage needed to be introduced.[4] This stage, the Roadian
Roadian
stage, was established in 1968 and took its name from the Road Canyon Member in Brewster County, Texas, the lower (oldest) part of the Word Formation.[5] The stage was added to the internationally used IUGS timescale in 2001.[6] The base of the Roadian
Roadian
is defined as the place in the stratigraphic record where fossils of conodont species Jinogondolella nankingensis first appears. The global reference profile for the base (the GSSP) is located in Stratotype Canyon in the Guadalupe Mountains, Texas (31°52′36″N 104°52′36″W / 31.87667°N 104.87667°W / 31.87667; -104.87667). The top of the Roadian
Roadian
(the base of the Wordian stage) is at the first appearance of fossils of conodont species Jinogondolella aserrata. Biodiversity[edit] Olson’s Extinction, a worldwide loss of terrestrial vertebrate life occurred during the Early Guadalupian
Guadalupian
(Roadian, Wordian).[7] Palaeontology[edit] Amphibians[edit]

Amphibians
Amphibians
of the Roadian

Taxa Presence Location Description Images

Seymouria

Tambach, Germany, Europe and Seymour, Baylor County, Texas
Texas
among others in North America

References[edit]

^ http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale ^ Gradstein, F.M.; Ogg, J.G. & Smith, A.G.; 2004: A Geologic Time Scale 2004, Cambridge University
Cambridge University
Press ^ Glenister, B.F. & Furnish, W.M.; 1961: The Permian
Permian
ammonoids of Australia, Journal of Paleontology 35(4), pp 673–736. ^ Nassichuk, W.W.; 1964: Pennsylvanian and Permian
Permian
rocks in the Parry Islands Group, Canadian Arctic Archipelago, Report of activities, field ^ Furnish & Glenister (1968) ^ Glenister, B.F.; Wardlaw, B.R.; Lambert, L.L.; Spinosa, C.; Bowring, S.A.; Erwin, D.H.; Menning, M. & Wilde, G.L.; 1999: Proposal of Guadalupian
Guadalupian
and Component Roadian, Wordian and Capitanian Stages as International Standards for the Middle Permian
Permian
Series, Permophiles 34: pp 3–11. ^ Sahney, S. & Benton, M.J. (2008). "Recovery from the most profound mass extinction of all time" (PDF). Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 275 (1636): 759–65. doi:10.1098/rspb.2007.1370. PMC 2596898 . PMID 18198148. 

Literature[edit] External links[edit]

GeoWhen Database - Roadian Upper Paleozoic
Paleozoic
stratigraphic chart at the website of the subcommission for stratigraphic information of the ICS

v t e

Geologic history of Earth

Cenozoic
Cenozoic
era¹ (present–66.0 Mya)

Quaternary
Quaternary
(present–2.588 Mya)

Holocene
Holocene
(present–11.784 kya) Pleistocene
Pleistocene
(11.784 kya–2.588 Mya)

Neogene
Neogene
(2.588–23.03 Mya)

Pliocene
Pliocene
(2.588–5.333 Mya) Miocene
Miocene
(5.333–23.03 Mya)

Paleogene (23.03–66.0 Mya)

Oligocene
Oligocene
(23.03–33.9 Mya) Eocene
Eocene
(33.9–56.0 Mya) Paleocene
Paleocene
(56.0–66.0 Mya)

Mesozoic
Mesozoic
era¹ (66.0–251.902 Mya)

Cretaceous
Cretaceous
(66.0–145.0 Mya)

Late (66.0–100.5 Mya) Early (100.5–145.0 Mya)

Jurassic
Jurassic
(145.0–201.3 Mya)

Late (145.0–163.5 Mya) Middle (163.5–174.1 Mya) Early (174.1–201.3 Mya)

Triassic
Triassic
(201.3–251.902 Mya)

Late (201.3–237 Mya) Middle (237–247.2 Mya) Early (247.2–251.902 Mya)

Paleozoic
Paleozoic
era¹ (251.902–541.0 Mya)

Permian
Permian
(251.902–298.9 Mya)

Lopingian
Lopingian
(251.902–259.8 Mya) Guadalupian
Guadalupian
(259.8–272.3 Mya) Cisuralian
Cisuralian
(272.3–298.9 Mya)

Carboniferous
Carboniferous
(298.9–358.9 Mya)

Pennsylvanian (298.9–323.2 Mya) Mississippian (323.2–358.9 Mya)

Devonian
Devonian
(358.9–419.2 Mya)

Late (358.9–382.7 Mya) Middle (382.7–393.3 Mya) Early (393.3–419.2 Mya)

Silurian
Silurian
(419.2–443.8 Mya)

Pridoli (419.2–423.0 Mya) Ludlow (423.0–427.4 Mya) Wenlock (427.4–433.4 Mya) Llandovery (433.4–443.8 Mya)

Ordovician
Ordovician
(443.8–485.4 Mya)

Late (443.8–458.4 Mya) Middle (458.4–470.0 Mya) Early (470.0–485.4 Mya)

Cambrian
Cambrian
(485.4–541.0 Mya)

Furongian (485.4–497 Mya) Series 3 (497–509 Mya) Series 2 (509–521 Mya) Terreneuvian
Terreneuvian
(521–541.0 Mya)

Proterozoic
Proterozoic
eon² (541.0 Mya–2.5 Gya)

Neoproterozoic era (541.0 Mya–1 Gya)

Ediacaran
Ediacaran
(541.0-~635 Mya) Cryogenian (~635-~720 Mya) Tonian (~720 Mya-1 Gya)

Mesoproterozoic era (1–1.6 Gya)

Stenian (1-1.2 Gya) Ectasian (1.2-1.4 Gya) Calymmian (1.4-1.6 Gya)

Paleoproterozoic era (1.6–2.5 Gya)

Statherian (1.6-1.8 Gya) Orosirian
Orosirian
(1.8-2.05 Gya) Rhyacian (2.05-2.3 Gya) Siderian
Siderian
(2.3-2.5 Gya)

Archean
Archean
eon² (2.5–4 Gya)

Eras

Neoarchean (2.5–2.8 Gya) Mesoarchean (2.8–3.2 Gya) Paleoarchean
Paleoarchean
(3.2–3.6 Gya) Eoarchean
Eoarchean
(3.6–4 Gya)

Hadean
Hadean
eon² (4–4.6 Gya)

 

 

kya = thousands years ago. Mya = millions years ago. Gya = billions years ago.¹ = Phanerozoic
Phanerozoic
eon. ² = Precambrian
Precambrian
supereon. Source: (2017/02). International Commission on Stratigraphy. Retrieved 13 July 2015. Divisions of Geologic Time—Major Chronostratigraphic and Geochronologic Units USGS Retrieved 10

.