The Somme is a river in Picardy, northern France. The name Somme comes
from a Celtic word meaning "tranquility". The department Somme was
named after this river.
The river is 245 km (152 mi) long, from its source in the
high ground of the former Forest of Arrouaise at
1 Historical events 2 Départements and towns along the river 3 Main tributaries 4 Hydrology
4.1 Flow-rate data (external links)
4.1.1 Monthly flow rates (mean over 43 years) 4.1.2 Flow rates at Hangest-sur-Somme 4.1.3 Flow rates at Péronne
5 References 6 External links
The river gave its name to the infamous
Battle of the Somme
The source of the Somme at Fonsommes.
Départements and towns along the river
Aisne: Saint-Quentin Somme : Ham, Péronne, Corbie, Amiens, Abbeville, Saint-Valery-sur-Somme, Le Crotoy
The mouth of the Somme in the English Channel
The estuary is now much smaller than it once was but still extensive.
Omignon Hallue Nièvre Scardon
Avre Selle Saint-Landon Airaine Amboise Ancre
The river is characterized by a very gentle gradient and a steady
flow. The valley is more or less steep-sided but its bottom is flat
with fens and pools. These characteristics of steady flow and flooded
valley bottom arise from the river's being fed by the ground water in
the chalk basin in which it lies. At earlier, colder times, from the
Günz to the Würm (Beestonian or Nebraskan to Devensian or
Wisconsinian) the river has cut down into the
An example of the lakes formed in the fen of the valley bottom. They attract wildfowlers and anglers.
The St Quentin Canal, famous for the 1918 battle, links the Somme to
Flow rates at Hangest-sur-Somme Daily flow rates compared with mean rates for the time of year at Hangest-sur-Somme (m³/s). Catchment area 4,835 km2 (1,867 sq mi).
for the year -
1993.1994. 1995. 1996. 1997. 1998. 1999. 2000.2001.2002.2003.2004.2005. Flow rates at Péronne Mean flow rates monthly and daily at Péronne (m³/s). Catchment area 1,294 km2 (500 sq mi).
for the year -
The Marquenterre bird sanctuary at the mouth of the river
^ Gargani J.; Stab O; Cojan I.n Brulhet J. (2006). "Modelling the long-term fluvial erosion of the river Somme during the last million years". Terra Nova. 18 (2): 118–129. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3121.2006.00671.x.
Delattre, Ch., Mériaux, E. and Waterlot, M. Guides Géologiques Régionaux: Région du Nord, Flandre Artois Boulonnais Picardie (1973)
Pictures from the Somme
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Somme River.
WorldCat Identities VIAF: 882148632964230630009 GND: 4055489-2 SUDOC: 027622118 BNF: cb1196