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The River Poddle
River Poddle
(Irish: An Poitéal) is a river in County Dublin
County Dublin
in Ireland. The city of Dublin
Dublin
is named after a "dark pool" (dubh linn, in Irish) that was once on its course. It rises in the Cookstown area, north of Tallaght, and flows into the River Liffey
River Liffey
in the centre of Dublin.

Contents

1 Course

1.1 Origins 1.2 The City Watercourse 1.3 Kimmage
Kimmage
and The Tongue 1.4 Lower course

2 Dubh Linn and the origins of "Dublin" 3 History 4 Water supply 5 Pictures 6 See also 7 Primary sources 8 References

8.1 Bibliography 8.2 External links

Course[edit] Origins[edit] The Poddle begins as the Tymon River in the Cookstown area northwest of Tallaght
Tallaght
village, near the site of Fettercairn House, and flows east, through Tymon North, and northeast, forming the northern border of Templeogue, towards Greenhills. Additional ponds were added to its course when Tymon Park was formed in the 1980s and 1990s. The river flows from Greenhills into Kimmage, where it used to receive an artificial stream from the direction of Templeogue. This, the City Watercourse, carried water from the River Dodder
River Dodder
extracted at Balrothery Weir in Firhouse. The City Watercourse[edit] The Poddle's modest volume was boosted for over 700 years by the significant addition of water diverted from the River Dodder
River Dodder
at the great weir at Balrothery in Firhouse, and carried by the three-kilometre first section of the City Watercourse. The ancient artificial watercourse was made not later than the 1240s, with the sanction of the English administration in Ireland.[1]:p.36 Kimmage
Kimmage
and The Tongue[edit] The Poddle continues on through Kimmage
Kimmage
and the edge of Crumlin, and is then split at "The Tongue" near what is now Mount Argus monastery in Harold's Cross. Here a wedge of stone, also known as the "Stone Boat", divides the flow, in a 2:1 proportion when a certain depth of flow is reached, with the lesser portion forming the second section of the City Watercourse, heading for Crumlin Road and Dolphin's Barn, and the greater continuing along a form of the original river bed.[1]:p.37 In the 1990s, changes were made in the Kimmage
Kimmage
and Harold's Cross areas, including the addition of a large fountain (as of 2018, not in operation) to the river. Lower course[edit] The line of the two Poddle flows later recombine and pass under much of the south city centre in a culvert. The final stages of the river's flow are complex, with related waters separating and joining. Linked flows include the Tenter Water, and the river is joined by the Commons Water from the Coombe, and ultimately Crumlin. The present main course is itself a diversion, the Abbey Stream, of the original course, which ran further east. Nowadays, much of the lower course of the Poddle is in a large brick tunnel under the city streets and Dublin
Dublin
Castle, and while access is restricted, it is walkable. The confluence of the Poddle and the Liffey is visible at low tide at a grated opening in the Liffey walls at Wellington Quay
Wellington Quay
(picture below). Dubh Linn and the origins of "Dublin"[edit] A large, dark pool once existed at the confluence of the Rivers Poddle and Liffey; this pool was described in Irish as dubh linn, which means dark pool or black pool. The city name, Dublin, is an anglicisation of this Irish phrase. This historic pool existed under the present site of the Coach House and Castle Gardens of Dublin
Dublin
Castle. During the ninth century, Vikings
Vikings
established themselves as Kings of Dublin, and based their settlement around the confluence of the two rivers, upstream from the Stayne long-stone. History[edit] The Poddle was known colloquially as the river Salach, or "dirty river" in Irish. A variation of this name, "The River Saile", is used in the old children's song Weela Weela Walya, famously performed by The Dubliners. In 1592, Red Hugh O'Donnell and Art O'Neill escaped from Dublin
Dublin
Castle through a drain into the Poddle which runs under the castle from Ship Street gate to the Chapel Royal and the Undercroft. The Poddle was later used to provide a water defence for the south wall of the castle. For centuries the Poddle, progressively culverted, caused regular flooding and constant dampness in many buildings in the Blackpitts to St. Patrick's Street areas, including St. Patrick's Cathedral. For much of this time, a special public body, the Poddle Commission, operated, working to manage this, and with the power to raise a special tax to support its work. During a major reconstruction of the cathedral in the nineteenth century, the graves of Dean Jonathan Swift and Stella were moved to their present location, due to the problem of the Poddle. Water supply[edit] The river provided an early source of water for the city as the Liffey was tidal within the city area, and undrinkable, and the other major south-side water, the Camac, was too far from the main settlement (although there may have been a channel diverting some flow from it), while the Stayne River was too small. By the 13th century the water supply was inadequate and a deal was made, in 1244/1245, with the Priory of St. Thomas to divert water from the Dodder at the weir at Balrothery near Firhouse
Firhouse
to the Poddle, to provide the greater part of the water flow. As mentioned, this connection was allowed to dry out in the late 20th century, and only a tiny part still carries water, though ample evidence of the watercourse can be seen: the sluices and channel on the north side of the Firhouse
Firhouse
weir still stand. Pictures[edit]

River Poddle
River Poddle
upstream of Templeville Road, prior to flowing under it.

River Poddle
River Poddle
emerging from under Templeville Road.

River Poddle
River Poddle
flowing downstream from Templeville Road towards Whitehall Park.

Confluence of the River Poddle
River Poddle
and River Liffey
River Liffey
at low tide at Wellington Quay, Dublin.

See also[edit]

The Back of the Pipes, Dublin Rivers of Ireland List of rivers in County Dublin

Primary sources[edit]

Doyle, Joseph W. (2012) [2008]. Ten Dozen Waters: The Rivers and Streams of County Dublin
County Dublin
(5th edition). Dublin, Ireland: Rath Eanna Research. pp. i–iv, 1–50 + photos and map. ISBN 978-0-9566363-4-8.  Sweeney, Clair L. (1991). The Rivers of Dublin. Dublin, Ireland: Dublin
Dublin
Corporation. pp. 1–115, inc. many maps. ISBN 0-9505301-4-X. 

References[edit]

^ a b Doyle, Joseph (May 2013). Ten Dozen Waters: The Rivers and Streams of County Dublin
County Dublin
(7th ed.). Dublin, Ireland: Rath Eanna Research. ISBN 978-0-9566363-6-2. 

Bibliography[edit]

Doyle, Joseph W. (2012) [2008]. Ten Dozen Waters: The Rivers and Streams of County Dublin
County Dublin
(5th edition). Dublin, Ireland: Rath Eanna Research. pp. i–iv, 1–50 + photos and map. ISBN 978-0-9566363-4-8.  Sweeney, Clair L. (1991). The Rivers of Dublin. Dublin, Ireland: Dublin
Dublin
Corporation. pp. 1–115, inc. many maps. ISBN 0-9505301-4-X. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to River Poddle.

A history of Dublins' water supply Details of stones found in Poddle Culvert
Culvert
in 1901 Details of finds near Poddle culvert Dublin
Dublin
Castle History - mention of Poddle Tymon Regional Park - mentions where Poddle rises Pictures and short video of the Abbey stream, River Poddle, in Blackpitts, Dublin Urban Tales program on RTE Tracks the history of the Poddle

Coordinates: 53°18′14″N 6°19′44″W / 53.303916°N 6.328931°W / 53.303916; -6.328931

v t e

Rivers of Ireland

List

Flowing north

Bann Bush Foyle Roe

Flowing to the Irish Sea

Avoca Boyne Camac Castletown Dargle Dodder Fane Lagan Liffey Naniken Newry Poddle Quoile Santry Slaney Tolka Vartry

Flowing to the Celtic Sea

Bandon Blackwater Lee Mahon The Three Sisters

Barrow Nore Suir

Flowing to the Atlantic

Clare Corrib Erne Eske Feale Ferta Moy Robe Shannon Swilly

Tributaries of the Shannon

Abbey River Boyle River Brosna Deel Fergus Inny Maigue Mulkear River Nenagh River Suck

River names in italics indicate rivers which are partially or wholly in Northern Ireland, with the rest being wholly in the Republi

.