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Ripon
Ripon
(/ˈrɪpən/) is a cathedral city in the Borough of Harrogate, North Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, it is located at the confluence of two tributaries of the River Ure, the Laver and Skell. The city is noted for its main feature, Ripon Cathedral
Ripon Cathedral
which is architecturally significant, as well as the Ripon Racecourse and other features such as its market. The city itself is just over 1,300 years old. The city was originally known as Inhrypum and was founded by Saint Wilfrid
Wilfrid
during the time of the Anglian kingdom of Northumbria, a period during which it enjoyed prominence in terms of religious importance in Great Britain. It was for a period under Viking
Viking
control, and later suffered under the Normans. After a brief period of building projects under the Plantagenets, the city emerged with a prominent wool and cloth industry. Ripon
Ripon
became well known for its production of spurs during the 16th and 17th centuries, but would later remain largely unaffected by the Industrial Revolution. Ripon
Ripon
is the third smallest city in England.[2] According to the 2011 United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Census it had a population of 16,702,[1] an increase on the 2001 United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Census figure of 15,922.[3] It is located 11 miles (18 km) south-west of Thirsk, 16 miles (26 km) south of Northallerton
Northallerton
and 12 miles (19 km) north of Harrogate. As well as its racecourse and cathedral, Ripon
Ripon
is a tourist destination because of its close proximity to the UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
which consists of the Studley Royal Park
Studley Royal Park
and Fountains Abbey.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Northumbrian and Viking
Viking
period 1.2 Normans
Normans
and the Middle Ages 1.3 Reformation and Tudor times 1.4 Civil War and Restoration 1.5 Modern Ripon

2 Governance 3 Education 4 Religion 5 Culture 6 Transport 7 Town twinning 8 See also 9 References

9.1 Bibliography

10 External links

History[edit] See also: History of Yorkshire Northumbrian and Viking
Viking
period[edit] During its pre-history the area which later became Ripon
Ripon
was under the control of the Brigantes, a Brythonic tribe. Three miles (5 km) north at Hutton Moor there is a large circular earthwork created by them.[4] The Romans did not settle Ripon, but they had a military outpost around five miles (8 km) away at North Stainley.[5] Solid evidence for the origins of Ripon
Ripon
can be traced back to the 7th century, the time of the Anglian kingdom of Northumbria.[5] The first structure built in the area, known at the time as Inhrypum, was a Christian church
Christian church
dedicated to St. Peter, with the settlement originating in the year 658.[4] This was founded by a Northumbrian nobleman known as Wilfrid, who later became Archbishop of York; he was granted the land by King Alhfrith.[6] The earliest settlers were stonemasons, glaziers and plasterers that Wilfrid
Wilfrid
brought over to help construct the Ripon
Ripon
monastery, from Lyon in Francia
Francia
and Rome which was then under Byzantine rule.[7][8] The years following the death of Wilfrid
Wilfrid
are obscure in Ripon's history. After the invasion of the Great Heathen Army
Great Heathen Army
of Norse Vikings in Northumbria, the Danelaw
Danelaw
was established and the Kingdom of Jórvík was founded in the Yorkshire
Yorkshire
area.[9] In 937 Athelstan, then King of England, granted the privilege of sanctuary to Ripon, for a mile around the church.[10] One of his successors was less well-disposed: after the Northumbrians rebelled against English rule in 948, King Edred had the buildings at Ripon
Ripon
burned.[9] Prosperity was restored by the end of the 10th century, as the body of Saint Cuthbert was moved to Ripon
Ripon
for a while, due to the threat of Danish raids.[9] Normans
Normans
and the Middle Ages[edit]

Ripon
Ripon
Cathedral

After the Norman conquest, much of the north rebelled in 1069, even trying to bring back Danish rule; the suppression that followed was the Harrying of the North, which resulted in the death of approximately one-third of the population of the North of England.[11] Ripon
Ripon
is thought to have shrunk to a small community around the church following the suppression.[12] The lands of the church were transferred to St. Peter's Church at York
York
as the Liberty of Ripon and it was during this time that a grand Collegiate Church was built on top of the ruins of Wilfrid's building. Eventually developed in the Gothic style, the project owed much to the work of Roger de Pont L'Evêque and Walter de Gray, two Archbishops of York
York
during the Plantagenet era.[12] During the 12th century Ripon
Ripon
built up a booming wool trade, attracting Italian trade merchants, especially Florentines, who bought and exported large quantities.[13] Ripon's proximity to Fountains Abbey, where the Cistercians had a long tradition of sheep farming and owned much grazing land, was a considerable advantage.[13] After English people were forbidden from wearing foreign cloth in 1326, Ripon
Ripon
developed a cloth industry which was third in size in Yorkshire
Yorkshire
after York
York
and Halifax.[13] Due to conflict with Scotland, political emphasis was on the North during the time of Edward I and Edward II, as Scottish invaders attacked numerous northern English towns.[14] Ripon
Ripon
had a wakeman to make sure the residents were safely home by curfew and law and order was maintained, yet it was forced to pay 1,000 marks to the Scots to prevent them from burning down the town on one occasion.[14] Reformation and Tudor times[edit]

Fountains Abbey

Ripon, which relied heavily on its religious institutions, was badly affected by the English Reformation
English Reformation
under the Tudor king Henry VIII.[15] The Abbot
Abbot
of Fountains, William Thirske, was expelled by Henry and replaced; Thirske went on to become one of the leaders of the Pilgrimage of Grace
Pilgrimage of Grace
popular rising.[16] The people of Northern England
England
were quite traditional in their beliefs and were unhappy about Henry's intention to break with Rome; the Pilgrimage of Grace
Pilgrimage of Grace
was the manifestation of this sentiment.[16] The revolt failed and Henry followed through with the break from Rome and the Dissolution of the Monasteries, which included Fountains Abbey.[16] After Mary, Queen of Scots, fled Scotland to Northern England
England
she stayed at Ripon
Ripon
on her journey.[16] The mainly Catholic North supported her, and there was another popular rising known as the Rising of the North; this began six miles (10 km) away at Topcliffe and was led by Thomas Percy, the 7th Earl of Northumberland and Charles Neville, the 6th Earl of Westmorland.[16] The rebels stayed at Ripon
Ripon
on 18 November 1569, but the rising eventually failed resulting in 600 people being executed, 300 of whom were hanged at Gallows Hill in Ripon
Ripon
during January 1570.[16] Plans were drawn up to make Ripon
Ripon
a centre of education, a University of the North, to rival Oxford
Oxford
and Cambridge. Although chief advisers Lord Burghley and Archbishop Sandys supported the idea, Elizabeth I did not follow it through.[17] Civil War and Restoration[edit]

The house where Stuart King James I stayed in 1617

Ripon
Ripon
replaced its old textiles industry with one for the manufacture of spurs during the 16th century.[18] They were so widely known that they gave rise to the proverb "as true steel as Ripon
Ripon
Rowels".[19] At the time, spurs did not just serve as functional riding accessories, they were also fashionable; an expensive pair was made for King James I when he stayed at Ripon
Ripon
in 1617.[13] It was James who granted Ripon a Royal Charter
Royal Charter
in 1604 and created the first Mayor of Ripon.[20] After the Bishops' Wars
Bishops' Wars
in Scotland, a treaty was signed at Ripon
Ripon
in 1640 to stop the conflict between Charles I and the Scottish Covenanters.[17] Although Ripon
Ripon
was not in the main line of fighting which was to the east, it remained loyal and royalist during the English Civil War.[17] There was an incident in 1643, when parliamentarian forces under Thomas Mauleverer entered Ripon
Ripon
and damaged the Minster, but John Mallory
John Mallory
and the royalist forces soon settled the matter after a skirmish in the Market Place.[17] The royalists were eventually defeated in the Civil War and Charles I spent two nights as a prisoner in Ripon.[17] Oliver Cromwell
Oliver Cromwell
visited the city twice on his way to battle, once on the way to the Preston and also on the way to the Battle of Worcester.[17]

Studley Royal Park

By the time of the English Restoration, several strains of non-conformist Christian practices had appeared, although they were not common in Ripon, the majority of people being Anglicans
Anglicans
with a Catholic minority.[21] After the Revolution of 1688 which overthrew James II, there were Jacobite risings
Jacobite risings
in the British Isles; some Riponmen were jailed in February 1746 upon "suspicion of corresponding with Prince Charles Edward Stuart".[22] The founder of Methodism, John Wesley, preached in Ripon
Ripon
and a small community of followers was established.[23] During the Georgian era
Georgian era
Ripon, unlike several other cities, was not significantly affected by the Industrial Revolution despite the existence of various guilds. Although more widely known for his activities outside of Ripon, John Aislabie, during his time as Member of Parliament for Ripon, created the Studley Royal Park
Studley Royal Park
with its water garden and erected the obelisk (designed by Nicholas Hawksmoor).[24][20] Newby Hall
Newby Hall
was also created during this period by Christopher Wren.[20] Modern Ripon[edit] Communications were improved with the opening of Ripon
Ripon
railway station in May 1848.[25] During the First World War a large military training camp was built in Ripon, the local community offering hospitality not only to soldiers' wives but to the Flemish refugees who became part of Ripon's community.[26] The racecourse south-east of the city also served as an airfield (RFC Ripon) for the Royal Flying Corps
Royal Flying Corps
(and latterly, the Royal Air Force). The racecourse was also used as a demobilisation centre for troops returning from France
France
well into 1919.[27][28] The town had a similar though smaller role during the Second World War and, in recognition of this, the Royal Engineers
Royal Engineers
were presented with the Freedom of the City
Freedom of the City
in 1947.[29] Since the War, Ripon
Ripon
has gone through some remodeling and has grown in size; it attracts thousands of tourists each year who come to see its famous buildings with their long Christian heritage, nearby Studley Park, Ripon
Ripon
Racecourse, and in recent times the theme park Lightwater Valley.[30][31] Governance[edit]

Sir George Cockburn was MP for Ripon
Ripon
from 1841 until 1847

Ripon
Ripon
became a municipal borough of the West Riding of Yorkshire
West Riding of Yorkshire
in 1835, remaining so until 1974.[32] That year, following the Local Government Act 1972, the former area of Ripon
Ripon
borough was merged with Harrogate
Harrogate
borough and several rural districts of the West Riding to form an enlarged Harrogate
Harrogate
borough in the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire.[33] A Ripon
Ripon
City Council body exists, comprising three wards and 15 councillors.[34] Ripon
Ripon
was represented by the Member of Parliament for Yorkshire
Yorkshire
until it had its own parliamentary borough established on a permanent basis in 1553.[35] Ripon
Ripon
was able to elect two MPs to represent its parliamentary borough; the right of election was vested not in the population as a whole, but in the burgesses (originally meaning freemen of the borough or freeholders) until the Great Reform Act
Great Reform Act
of 1832.[35] The next Reform Act which came into force at the 1868 election, reduced Ripon's representation from two MPs to one. Some of the more notable MPs of Ripon
Ripon
were John Aislabie, Frederick John Robinson and George Cockburn.[35] The Reform Act of 1885 abolished the borough of Ripon, but the county constituency in which the town was placed as a result was named Ripon, and this continued as a single member constituency, albeit with some boundary changes, until it was abolished before the 1983 general election.[35] Since 1983, Ripon
Ripon
has been part of the Skipton
Skipton
and Ripon
Ripon
constituency, a Conservative Party stronghold.[36] The city council itself has 15 members, all of whom are currently independents.[37]

Position Current Representatives

Member of Parliament

Julian Smith, Conservative, elected 2010

City Council Members

Lynette Pamela Ann Barnes, Conservative · Bernard Bateman, Conservative · Sylvia Elizabeth Brierley, Conservative · Michael Geoffrey Chambers, Conservative · Sid J Hawke, Independent · Peter M Horton, Independent · Stuart A Martin, Conservative · Julie Ann Martin-Long, Independent · Pauline McHardy, Independent · Charlie E Powell, Independent · Alan Skidmore, Conservative · Michael Frederick Stanley, Conservative · David Hedley Todd, Conservative · Michael Waiting, Independent · Andrew Williams, Independent

Education[edit]

Buildings of the former College of Ripon and York St John
College of Ripon and York St John
facilities

Ripon
Ripon
is home to Ripon Grammar School
Ripon Grammar School
which is a selective intake, state secondary school.[38] The school claims to take roots from the school which was attached to the Collegiate Church, founded during the time of the Angle kingdom of Northumbria
Northumbria
by Saint Wilfrid.[39] The refoundation date for the school was during the reign of Queen Mary I in 1555.[39] The school has several notable alumni, known as Old Riponians, including theologian Bishop Beilby Porteus, historian Bishop William Stubbs, fashion designer Bruce Oldfield
Bruce Oldfield
and television presenter Richard Hammond.[39] In the modern day the school hosts around 800 pupils, gaining engineering status in 2006,[40] it receives favourable reports from the Ofsted
Ofsted
falling from "outstanding" to "good".[41] Opposite Ripon
Ripon
Grammar on Clotherholme Road is the non-selective Outwood Academy Ripon (formerly Ripon
Ripon
College, a secondary comprehensive school), which was also known as Ripon
Ripon
City School until 1999. It has around 630 pupils and is exceeding the national average of GCSE and A-Level results.[42][43][44][45] On the site of the Old Ripon Racecourse in Whitcliffe Lane was St Olave's Preparatory School.[46] This site was taken over by an independent co-ed preparatory school founded in 1960 called the Cathedral Choir School. The choir school closed in 2012[47] and the site has now had approval for the building of new residential dwellings. Ripon
Ripon
previously had higher education facilities in the form of the College of Ripon and York St John
College of Ripon and York St John
until 2001.[48] This college had its roots in two Anglican
Anglican
teacher training colleges, which were founded in York
York
in 1841 for men and 1846 for women.[48] The women's college moved to Ripon
Ripon
in 1862. Over the next century, the colleges gradually diversified their education programmes. The colleges merged in 1974 to form the College of Ripon
Ripon
and York
York
St John.[48] The combined institution became a college of the University of Leeds
Leeds
in 1990. Between 1999 and 2001, all activities were transferred to York
York
and the college received the name York
York
St John University.[48] Religion[edit]

Inside St Mary's at Studley Royal

Christianity is the largest religious affiliation in Ripon; 79.3% of the people in the area polled as part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Census 2001 professed the Christian faith.[36] Ripon Cathedral
Ripon Cathedral
is the main religious building in the city and contains a tomb said to contain the bones of Saint Wilfrid
Wilfrid
who founded a monastery here and with it the town. The Venerable
Venerable
William Gibson is another noted local figure, a Catholic martyr who was one of the eighty-five martyrs of England
England
and Wales.[49] The Church of England
England
is in the majority, with two parishes: the ancient Ripon Cathedral
Ripon Cathedral
and Holy Trinity Church.[50] Ripon
Ripon
is the episcopal see of the Diocese of Ripon and Leeds represented by the Bishop of Ripon
Ripon
and Leeds, created in 1836 with just Ripon
Ripon
in its title but adapted to include Leeds
Leeds
in 2000.[50] During the time of the kingdom of Northumbria
Northumbria
there was a short-lived Diocese of Ripon, with Eadhedus
Eadhedus
the only bishop. There is a Roman Catholic parish in Ripon called St. Wilfrid's; it is covered by the Diocese of Leeds
Leeds
in the Harrogate
Harrogate
deanery and the church is an architecturally significant building.[51][52] There are also around two places of worship for Methodism
Methodism
in Ripon.[53] Culture[edit]

View over the market place of Ripon

The Ripon
Ripon
Hornblower

Market day is held on a Thursday, and there are 120 stalls.[54] In celebration of the cities founder the Wilfrid
Wilfrid
Procession is held every year; it originated in the year 1108 when king Henry I granted the privilege of holding a fair for him.[55] At the procession there are various decorated floats which make their way through the city with locals in costume.[56] Part of the tradition represents the return of Wilfrid
Wilfrid
to Ripon, a decorated dummy (sometimes a man in costume instead) dressed as Wilfrid
Wilfrid
is sat on a horse, accompanied by two musicians with another man carrying St Wilfrid's hat around.[57] Ripon also has dancing traditions such as the Long Sword dance
Long Sword dance
and Morris dance.[55] The tradition of the Ripon
Ripon
Hornblower has endured since the year 886 and continues on to this day.[58][59] It originates with the wakeman of Ripon, whose job in the Middle Ages was similar of that to a mayor although he had more responsibilities in the keeping of law and order. Every day at 9:00 pm the horn is blown at the four corners of the obelisk in Ripon
Ripon
Market.[60] The horn has become the symbol of the city and represents Ripon
Ripon
on the Harrogate
Harrogate
borough coat of arms. There are three museums in Ripon
Ripon
collectively known as the Yorkshire
Yorkshire
Law and Order Museums; it includes the Courthouse, the Prison and Police and the Workhouse Museums.[61] In terms of sport, the most noted field of participation is horse racing with the Ripon
Ripon
Racecourse. The sport has a long history in Ripon, with the first recorded meeting on Bondgate Green in 1664, while its current location has been used as a racetrack since 1900.[62] Ripon
Ripon
staged Britain's first race for female riders in 1723.[62] The city is also home to Ripon Rugby Union Football Club who were founded in 1886 and currently play in Yorkshire
Yorkshire
2, the eighth tier of the English Rugby Union league. Transport[edit]

The Ripon Canal
Ripon Canal
continues to be used by barges in the modern day

The city was previously served by Ripon railway station
Ripon railway station
on the Leeds- Northallerton
Northallerton
Line that ran between Leeds
Leeds
and Northallerton.[63] It was once part of the North Eastern Railway and then LNER. The Ripon to Harrogate
Harrogate
Line was closed in the 1960s as part of the Beeching cuts.[64] Today much of the route of the line through the city is now a relief road and although the former station still stands, it is now surrounded by a new housing development. The issue remains a significant one in local politics and there are movements wanting to restore the line.[63] Reports suggest the reopening of a line between Ripon
Ripon
and Harrogate
Harrogate
railway station would be economically viable, costing £40 million and could initially attract 1,200 passengers a day, rising to 2,700.[63][64][65] By road Ripon
Ripon
is well connected; it is accessible from the north and south via the A1(M) motorway which connects to Ripon
Ripon
by the B6265.[66] Ripon
Ripon
is accessible from the east and west via the A61 which is the main road running through the city.[66] Harrogate
Harrogate
Bus Company runs the route 36 service, linking the city to Harrogate
Harrogate
and Leeds, and there are also regular bus routes to Boroughbridge, York, Thirsk, Northallerton, Leyburn, Richmond and others.[67] The Ripon Canal
Ripon Canal
was proposed by John Smeaton
John Smeaton
in 1766, to connect the city centre to part of the River Ure; it was used for the transportation of coal from the Durham coalfields into the city. Although abandoned in 1956, a conservationist campaign saw it partly reopened in 1988, and fully in 1996.[68] Town twinning[edit]

Foix
Foix
in France
France
1957.[69]

See also[edit]

Marquess of Ripon

References[edit]

^ a b "2011 Census: Key Statistics: Parish Headcounts: Area: Ripon
Ripon
CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 October 2013.  ^ "Ripon". www.yorkshireguides.com. Retrieved 19 April 2016.  ^ "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Parish Headcounts: Area: Ripon
Ripon
CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 February 2009.  ^ a b Thomson 1978, p. 13. ^ a b Thomson 1978, p. 14. ^ Thomson 1978, p. 17. ^ " Ripon
Ripon
History". Ripon.org. Retrieved 1 February 2009.  ^ "Ripon". Wilfrid.com. Retrieved 1 February 2009.  ^ a b c Thomson 1978, p. 19. ^ "About Ripon". Discover Ripon. Ripon
Ripon
City Council. Retrieved 26 November 2013.  ^ Thomson 1978, pp. 19–20. ^ a b Thomson 1978, p. 20. ^ a b c d Thomson 1978, p. 43. ^ a b Thomson 1978, p. 60. ^ Thomson 1978, pp. 73–74. ^ a b c d e f Thomson 1978, p. 74. ^ a b c d e f Thomson 1978, p. 75. ^ Thomson 1978, p. 45. ^ "Ripon". Old Towns of England. Retrieved 1 February 2009.  ^ a b c " Ripon
Ripon
Timeline". VisitRipon.org. Retrieved 1 February 2009.  ^ Thomson 1978, pp. 75–76. ^ Thomson 1978, p. 76. ^ Thomson 1978, pp. 76–77. ^ "Engineering timelines". engineering-timelines.com. Retrieved 24 January 2011.  ^ Thomson 1978, p. 46. ^ Thomson 1978, p. 107. ^ Delve, Ken (2006). Northern England : Co. Durham, Cumbria, Isle of Man, Lancashire, Merseyside, Manchester, Northumberland, Tyne & Wear, Yorkshire. Ramsbury: Crowood. p. 302. ISBN 1-86126-809-2.  ^ Barker, Malcolm (5 April 2013). "March of history as city gets ready to say another goodbye". Th Yorkshire
Yorkshire
Post. Retrieved 14 March 2018.  ^ Thomson 1978, p. 108. ^ Bond, Chris (7 February 2016). "Yorkshire's cathedrals in need of divine intervention as running costs spiral". The Yorkshire
Yorkshire
Post. Retrieved 10 February 2018.  ^ "Angry Birds sparks tourism boost hope". BBC
BBC
News. 21 May 2013. Retrieved 10 February 2018.  ^ "Ripon". Visions of Britain. Archived from the original on 26 October 2012. Retrieved 28 March 2016.  ^ "Electoral Boundaries". Harrogate.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 28 July 2009. Retrieved 1 February 2009.  ^ " Ripon
Ripon
City Council". Discover Ripon. Retrieved 4 February 2015.  ^ a b c d "Cobbett's Parliamentary History". Oxford
Oxford
Digital Library. Archived from the original on 4 September 2015. Retrieved 1 February 2009.  ^ a b " Skipton
Skipton
and Ripon". UKPolingReport.co.uk. Retrieved 1 February 2009.  ^ "City Councillors". Ripon
Ripon
City Council. Retrieved 26 November 2013.  ^ Smithers, Rebecca (11 March 2000). "Parents vote to retain Ripon grammar school". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 1 February 2009.  ^ a b c "A short history of Ripon
Ripon
Grammar School". Ripon
Ripon
Grammar School. Retrieved 1 February 2009.  ^ "Specialist Engineering Status". Ripon
Ripon
Grammar School. Archived from the original on 1 March 2009. Retrieved 1 February 2009.  ^ " Ripon Grammar School
Ripon Grammar School
– Inspection Report (2005)". Ofsted.gov.uk. Retrieved 9 January 2010.  ^ " BBC
BBC
NEWS Education League Tables Ripon
Ripon
College". BBC
BBC
News. 15 January 2004. Retrieved 25 January 2018.  ^ Ruiz, Karen (18 August 2016). " Outwood Academy Ripon Sixth Formers celebrate A-level results success". Harrogate
Harrogate
Advertiser. Retrieved 25 January 2018.  ^ "About the Academy - Outwood Academy Ripon". www.ripon.outwood.com. Retrieved 25 January 2018.  ^ Nelson, Barry (24 December 2013). "Two heads agree that local parents have no need to look elsewhere". The Northern Echo. Retrieved 25 January 2018.  ^ "A Tale of Two Schools". Ripon
Ripon
Civic Society. Retrieved 7 February 2018.  ^ " Ripon Cathedral
Ripon Cathedral
Choir School forced to shut". Classical-music.com. BBC. 24 July 2012. Retrieved 7 February 2018.  ^ a b c d "History". York
York
St. John University. Archived from the original on 6 December 2009. Retrieved 9 January 2010.  ^  Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "English Confessors and Martyrs (1534–1729)". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.  ^ a b "Church of England: Diocese of Ripon
Ripon
and Leeds". AnglicansOnline.org. Retrieved 1 February 2009.  ^ "Ripon, North Yorkshire". Riponnor. Retrieved 1 February 2009.  ^ "Churches in Ripon". GENUKI.org.uk. Retrieved 1 February 2009.  ^ "Places of Worship in Ripon". Yell.com. Archived from the original on 4 September 2015. Retrieved 1 February 2009.  ^ " Ripon
Ripon
Market". Information-Britain.co.uk. Retrieved 18 August 2015.  ^ a b "Custom and Tradition". Ripon.co.uk. Retrieved 1 February 2009.  ^ "Sun shines on crowds and floats at 'magnificent' St Wilfrid's procession". Ripon
Ripon
Gazette. Retrieved 1 February 2009.  ^ "The St Wilfrid's Tradition". Ripon-Internet.com. Archived from the original on 15 July 2011. Retrieved 1 February 2009.  ^ Pickles, George. "Ripon's hornblower". BBC. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "Customs & Traditions". VisitRipon.org. Retrieved 1 February 2009.  ^ " Ripon
Ripon
Hornblower" (PDF). VisitRipon.org. Retrieved 1 February 2009.  ^ " Yorkshire
Yorkshire
Law and Order Museums". RiponMuseums.co.uk. Retrieved 1 February 2009.  ^ a b " Ripon
Ripon
Races". VisitRipon.org. Archived from the original on 12 October 2008. Retrieved 1 February 2009.  ^ a b c "Reopening line makes economic sense, says study". Northern Echo. Archived from the original on 2 January 2010. Retrieved 1 February 2009.  ^ a b "Backing for restoring rail link". BBC
BBC
News Online. BBC. 11 May 2004. Retrieved 4 January 2010.  ^ "Campaigners call on MPs to restore Ripon
Ripon
railway link". Yorkshire Post. Retrieved 2 March 2015.  ^ a b "How to Get Here". VisitRipon.org. Retrieved 1 February 2009.  ^ "Bus services in Ripon". GetDown.org.uk. Retrieved 2 July 2016.  ^ " Ripon
Ripon
Canal". WaterScape.com. Canal and River Trust. Retrieved 13 May 2016.  ^ "British Towns Twinned with French Towns:". France. Archant Life. 2006. Retrieved 7 March 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

Ellis, Edna (1986). A Ripon
Ripon
Record, 1887–1986. Phillimore & Co Ltd. ISBN 0-85033-600-7.  Ordnance Survey (2003). Northallerton
Northallerton
and Ripon: Pateley Bridge
Pateley Bridge
and Leyburn. Ordnance Survey. ISBN 0-319-22699-9.  Thomson, Celia (1978). The Book of Ripon; an Historical Anthology. Chesham: Barracuda Books. ISBN 0-86023-041-4. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ripon.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Ripon.

Official Ripon
Ripon
City Partnership "Visit Ripon" site Ripon
Ripon
Tourist, Community and Business Information Ripon
Ripon
Tourist Information and Business Directory The Ripon
Ripon
Gazette Review Ripon

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Craven Hambleton Harrogate Richmondshire Ryedale Scarborough Selby

Major settlements

Bedale Bentham Boroughbridge Catterick Garrison Colburn Easingwold Eston Filey Grassington Guisborough Harrogate Hawes Haxby Helmsley Ingleby Barwick Kirkbymoorside Knaresborough Leyburn Loftus Malton Masham Middleham Middlesbrough Northallerton Norton-on-Derwent Pateley Bridge Pickering Redcar Richmond Ripon Saltburn-by-the-Sea Scarborough Selby Settle Skelton-in-Cleveland Skipton Stokesley Tadcaster Thirsk Thornaby-on-Tees Whitby Yarm York See also: List of civil parishes in North Yorkshire

Rivers

Aire Derwent Esk Foss Leven Ouse Ribble Swale Tees Ure Wharfe

Topics

Parliamentary constituencies Country houses Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings Windmills Monastic houses History Rivers Schools Museums Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 475144783028007052

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