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Government (137)

     Social Democrats (113)      Green Party (25)

Confidence and supply (21)

     Left Party (21)

Opposition (Alliance) (140)

     Moderate Party
Moderate Party
(83)      Centre Party (22)      Liberals (19)      Christian Democrats (16)

Other Opposition (51)

     Sweden Democrats
Sweden Democrats
(43)      Independent (7)

Elections

Voting system

Party-list proportional representation Sainte-Laguë method See Elections in Sweden

Last election

14 September 2014

Next election

9 September 2018

Meeting place

Parliament
Parliament
House Helgeandsholmen Stockholm, 100 12 Kingdom of Sweden

Website

www.riksdagen.se

The Riksdag
Riksdag
(Swedish: riksdagen or Sveriges riksdag) is the national legislature and the supreme decision-making body of Sweden. Since 1971, the Riksdag
Riksdag
has been a unicameral legislature with 349 members (Swedish: riksdagsledamöter), elected proportionally and serving, from 1994 onwards, on fixed four-year terms. The constitutional functions of the Riksdag
Riksdag
are enumerated in the Instrument of Government (Swedish: Regeringsformen), and its internal workings are specified in greater detail in the Riksdag
Riksdag
Act (Swedish: Riksdagsordningen).[1][2] The seat of the Riksdag
Riksdag
is at Parliament
Parliament
House (Swedish: Riksdagshuset), on the island of Helgeandsholmen
Helgeandsholmen
in the central parts of Stockholm. The Riksdag
Riksdag
has its institutional roots in the feudal Riksdag
Riksdag
of the Estates, by tradition thought to have first assembled in Arboga
Arboga
in 1435, and in 1866 following reforms of the 1809 Instrument of Government that body was transformed into a bicameral legislature with an upper chamber (Swedish: Första Kammaren) and a lower chamber (Swedish: Andra Kammaren). The most recent general election was held on 14 September 2014.

The Old Parliament
Parliament
House on Riddarholmen
Riddarholmen
was the seat of the Riksdag from 1833 to 1905.

Kulturhuset
Kulturhuset
at Sergels torg
Sergels torg
served as a temporary seat for the Riksdag, from 1971 to 1983, while the Riksdag
Riksdag
building on Helgeandsholmen
Helgeandsholmen
underwent renovation.

Contents

1 Name 2 History 3 Powers and structure 4 Membership 5 Presidium 6 Government 7 Parties 8 Elections

8.1 Constituencies and national apportionment of seats

8.1.1 2014 election

8.1.1.1 Results

9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Name[edit] The Swedish word riksdag, in definite form riksdagen, is a general term for "parliament" or "assembly", but it is typically only used for Sweden's legislature and certain related institutions.[3][4][5] In addition to Sweden's parliament, it is also used for the Parliament
Parliament
of Finland and the Estonian Riigikogu, as well as the historical German Reichstag and the Danish Rigsdagen.[5] In Swedish use, riksdagen is usually uncapitalized.[6] Riksdag
Riksdag
derives from the genitive of rike, referring to royal power, and dag, meaning diet or conference; the German word Reichstag and the Danish Rigsdag are cognate.[7] The Oxford English Dictionary
Oxford English Dictionary
traces English use of the term "Riksdag" in reference to the Swedish assembly back to 1855.[7] History[edit] Main article: History of the Riksdag See also: Riksdag
Riksdag
of the Estates The roots of the modern Riksdag
Riksdag
can be found in a 1435 meeting of the Swedish nobility
Swedish nobility
in the city of Arboga. This informal organization was modified in 1527 by the first modern Swedish king Gustav I Vasa
Gustav I Vasa
to include representatives from all the four social estates: the nobility, the clergy, the burghers (property-owning commoners in the towns such as merchants etc.), and the yeomanry (freehold farmers). This form of Ständestaat representation lasted until 1865, when representation by estate was abolished and the modern bicameral parliament established. Effectively, however, it did not become a parliament in the modern sense until parliamentary principles were established in the political system in Sweden, in 1917. On 22 June 1866, the Riksdag
Riksdag
decided to reconstitute itself as a bicameral legislature, consisting of Första kammaren or the First Chamber, with 155 members and Andra kammaren or the Second Chamber with 233 members. The First Chamber was indirectly elected by county and city councillors, while the Second Chamber was directly elected by universal suffrage. This reform was a result of great malcontent with the old Estates, which, following the changes brought by the beginnings of the industrial revolution, was no longer able to provide representation for large segments of the population. By an amendment to the 1809 Instrument of Government, the general election of 1970 was the first to a unicameral assembly with 350 seats. The following general election to the unicameral Riksdag
Riksdag
in 1973 only gave the Government the support of 175 members, while the opposition could mobilize an equal force of 175 members. In a number of cases a tied vote ensued, and the final decision had to be determined by lot. To avoid any reccurrence of this unstable situation, the number of seats in the Riksdag
Riksdag
was reduced to 349, from 1976 onwards. Powers and structure[edit] Main article: Constitution
Constitution
of Sweden The Riksdag
Riksdag
performs the normal functions of a legislature in a parliamentary democracy. It enacts laws, amends the constitution and appoints a government. In most parliamentary democracies, the head of state commissions a politician to form a government. Under the new Instrument of Government[8] (one of the four fundamental laws of the Constitution) enacted in 1974, that task was removed from the Monarch of Sweden
Sweden
and given to the Speaker of the Riksdag. To make changes to the Constitution
Constitution
under the new Instrument of Government, amendments must be approved twice, in two successive electoral periods with a regular general election held in between. There are 15 parliamentary committees in the Riksdag.[9] Membership[edit] As of February 2013, 44.7 percent of the members of the Riksdag
Riksdag
are women. This is the world's fourth highest proportion of females in a national legislature—behind only the Parliaments of Rwanda, Andorra, and Cuba – hence the second-highest in the developed world and among parliamentary democracies.[10] Following the 2014 elections, in which the share of Liberal female members of parliament (MPs) plunged (from 42% to 26%, mainly due to a reduction to a single seat in most constituencies) and the Sweden Democrats
Sweden Democrats
more than doubled their seats (though increasing the number of female MPs from three to eight), the figure dropped to 43,5%. Only the Left Party has a majority of female MPs; 12 of 21 as of 2014.[11] Members of the Riksdag
Riksdag
are full-time legislators with a salary of 56 000 SEK (around $8 800) per month.[12] According to a survey investigation by the sociologist Jenny Hansson, Members of the Riksdag
Riksdag
have an average work week of 66 hours, including side responsibilities. Hansson's investigation further reports that the average member sleeps 6.5 hours per night.[13]

The Swedish parliament voting in February 2009.

The former second chamber, nowadays used for committee meetings.

The Riksdag
Riksdag
building exterior, from the west, at night.

Presidium[edit] The presidium consists of a speaker and three deputy speakers. They are elected for a 4-year term. Government[edit] Main article: Government of Sweden

Kingdom of Sweden

This article is part of a series on the politics and government of Sweden

Constitution
Constitution
(Basic Laws)

Fundamental laws

Instrument of Government Act of Succession Freedom of the Press Act

Fundamental Law on Freedom of Expression

Monarchy

King (list)

Carl XVI Gustaf

Crown Princess

Victoria

Royal Family Royal Court Marshal of the Realm

Svante Lindqvist

Executive

Government

Löfven Cabinet

Prime Minister
Prime Minister
(list)

Stefan Löfven

Deputy Prime Minister

Margot Wallström

Government Offices

Ministries

Government agencies

Legislature

Riksdag

Speaker

Urban Ahlin

Deputy Speakers

1st — Tobias Billström 2nd — Björn Söder 3rd — Esabelle Dingizian

Members National apportionment Committees

Committee on the Constitution War Delegation

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European: 2004 2009 2014

Referendums

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After holding talks with leaders of the various party groups in the Riksdag, the speaker of the Riksdag
Riksdag
nominates a Prime Minister (Swedish: Statsminister
Statsminister
literally minister of state). The nomination is then put to a vote. The nomination is rejected (meaning the Speaker must find a new nominee) only if an absolute majority of the members (175 members) vote "no"; otherwise, it is confirmed. This means the Riksdag
Riksdag
can consent to a Prime Minister
Prime Minister
without casting any "yes" votes. After being elected the Prime Minister
Prime Minister
appoints the cabinet ministers and announces them to the Riksdag. The new Government takes office at a special council held at the Royal Palace before the Monarch, at which the Speaker of the Riksdag
Speaker of the Riksdag
formally announces to the Monarch that the Riksdag
Riksdag
has elected a new Prime Minister
Prime Minister
and that the Prime Minister has chosen his cabinet ministers. The Riksdag
Riksdag
can cast a vote of no confidence against any single cabinet minister (Swedish: Statsråd), thus forcing a resignation. To succeed a vote of no confidence must be supported by an absolute majority (175 members) or it has failed. If a vote of no confidence is cast against the Prime Minister
Prime Minister
this means the entire government is rejected. A losing government has one week to call for a general election or else the procedure of nominating a new Prime Minister
Prime Minister
starts anew. Parties[edit] Main article: Politics of Sweden Political parties are strong in Sweden, with members of the Riksdag usually supporting their parties in parliamentary votes. In most cases, governments can command the support of the majority in the Riksdag, allowing the government to control the parliamentary agenda. No single party has won a majority in the Riksdag
Riksdag
since 1968. Political parties with similar agendas consequently cooperate on several issues, forming coalition governments or other formalized alliances. Two major blocs exist in parliament, the socialist/green Red-Greens and the conservative/liberal Alliance for Sweden. The latter—consisting of the Moderate Party, Liberal, Centre Party, and Christian Democrats—governed Sweden
Sweden
from 2006 through most of 2014 (after 2010 through a minority government). The Red-Greens combination disbanded on 26 October 2010 but continued to be considered the main opposition until the 2014 election. After that election the Social Democrats and the Green Party formed a government, with support from the Left Party, which takes part in budget negotiations with the government.[14] The Sweden Democrats
Sweden Democrats
party is not a member of either bloc. During the Alliance government the Sweden Democrats
Sweden Democrats
sided with the Alliance in most votes.[15][unreliable source?] After the Social Democrats took power in 2014 the Sweden Democrats
Sweden Democrats
have sided with the center-left government in most votes.[16]

Current party representation in the Riksdag[17]

Parties1 Leaders Seats2 Votes3

  Social Democratic Party Prime Minister
Prime Minister
Stefan Löfven 113 31.0%

  Moderate Party Ulf Kristersson 83 23.2%

  Sweden
Sweden
Democrats Jimmie Åkesson 45 12.9%

  Green Party Isabella Lövin
Isabella Lövin
and Gustav Fridolin 24 7.34%

  Center Party Annie Lööf 22 6.11%

  Left Party Jonas Sjöstedt 21 5.72%

  Liberals Jan Björklund 19 5.42%

  Christian Democratic Party Ebba Busch Thor 16 4.57%

Independent N/A 74 -

Total 349 98.58%

Government Minority 111 0.02%

Members of governing coalition in bold 1/ Party name and leaders current as of 24 December 2015 2/ Seat numbers current as of 23 January 2018 3/ Percentage of the votes received in the 2014 general election 4/ All independent politicians were elected as members of a party, but have since left. As of January 2018, three of them sit as members of the technical group SVPOL.

Elections[edit] Main article: Elections in Sweden

The offices of the parliament are housed in several buildings, including the former Royal mint on Mynttorget
Mynttorget
square.

All 349 members of the Riksdag
Riksdag
are elected in the general elections held every four years. All Swedish citizens who turn 18 years old no later than on the day of the election are eligible to vote in and stand for elections. A minimum of 4% of the national vote is required for a party to enter the Riksdag, alternatively 12% or more within a constituency. Substitutes for each deputy are elected at the same time as each election, so by-elections are rare. In the event of a snap election, the newly elected members merely serve the remainder of the four-year term. Constituencies and national apportionment of seats[edit] Main article: National apportionment of MP seats in the Swedish Parliament The electoral system in Sweden
Sweden
is proportional. Of the 349 seats in the unicameral Riksdag, 310 are fixed constituency seats allocated to 29 multi-member constituencies in relation to the number of people entitled to vote in each constituency. The remaining 39 adjustment seats are used to correct the deviations from proportional national distribution that may arise when allocating the fixed constituency seats. There is a constraint in the system that means that only a party that has received at least four per cent of the votes in the whole country participates in the distribution of seats. However, a party that has received at least twelve per cent of the votes in a constituency participates in the distribution of the fixed constituency seats in that constituency.[18] 2014 election[edit] Main article: Swedish general election, 2014 On September 14, 2014 an election was held. No party won an absolute majority but the center-left coalition led by the Social Democrats became the largest political grouping, with the Moderate Party
Moderate Party
and its center-right alliance falling to second place. The third largest party is the Sweden
Sweden
Democrats, widely described as "anti-immigration". The Social Democrats have said that they will seek to form a government, but will not work with the Sweden
Sweden
Democrats. Meanwhile, Reinfeldt announced he was stepping down as leader of the Moderate Party.[19] Since the election, seven members left their parties but kept their seats in the Riksdag. Three of them have formed the technical group SVPOL, and three have joined the newly started party Alternative for Sweden. Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–

Swedish Social Democratic Party 1,932,711 31.0 113 +1

Moderate Party 1,453,517 23.3 84 –23

Sweden
Sweden
Democrats 801,178 12.8 49 +29

Green Party 429,275 6.8 25 0

Centre Party 380,937 6.1 22 –1

Left Party 356,331 5.7 21 +2

Liberals 337,773 5.4 19 –5

Christian Democrats 284,806 4.5 16 –3

Feminist Initiative 194,719 3.1 0 0

Pirate Party of Sweden 60,326 0.9 0 0

Party of the Swedes 0 0

Unity 0 0

Swedish Senior Citizen Interest Party 0 0

Christian Values Party 0 New

Landsbygdspartiet Oberoende 0 New

Djurens parti 0 New

Classical Liberal Party 0 0

Direktdemokraterna 0 New

Framstegspartiet 0 New

Socialist Justice Party 0 0

European Workers Party 0 0

Invalid/blank votes 58,443 – – –

Total 6,290,016 100 349 0

Registered voters/turnout 7,330,432 85.8 – –

Source: Val.se

See also[edit]

Sweden
Sweden
portal Politics portal

Parliament
Parliament
House, Stockholm Referendums in Sweden

References[edit]

^ Instrument of Government, as of 2012. Retrieved on 2012-11-16. Archived October 8, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. ^ The Riksdag
Riksdag
Act, as of 2012. Retrieved on 2012-11-16. Archived February 1, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Nöjd, Ruben; Tornberg, Astrid; Angström, Margareta (1978). " Riksdag
Riksdag
(riksdagen)". Mckay's Modern English-Swedish and Swedish-English Dictionary. David Mckay. p. 147. ISBN 0-679-10079-2.  ^ Gullberg, Ingvar (1977). "Riksdag". Svensk-Engelsk Fackordbok. PA Norstedt & Söners Förlag. p. 741. ISBN 91-1-775052-0.  ^ a b "Riksdag". Nationalencyklopedin. 2014. Retrieved May 14, 2014.  ^ Holmes, Philip; Hinchliffe, Ian (2013). Swedish: A Comprehensive Grammar. Routledge. p. 670. ISBN 1134119984. Retrieved April 2, 2014.  ^ a b "Riksdag, n.". Oxford English Dictionary. June 2012. Retrieved May 14, 2014.  ^ The Swedish Constitution, Riksdagen Archived January 10, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "The 15 parliamentary committees". Sveriges Riksdag
Riksdag
/ The Swedish Parliament. Retrieved 4 June 2015.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 28, 2014. Retrieved May 29, 2012.  ^ http://www.dn.se/nyheter/politik/antalet-kvinnor-i-riksdagen-fortsatter-minska/ ^ Sveriges riksdag, pressmedelande Archived October 10, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Hansson, Jenny (2008). De Folkvaldas Livsvillkor. Umea: Umea University" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-03.  ^ Regeringskansliet, Regeringen och (2017-08-26). ""Vi accepterar inte att Sveriges framtid, jobben och klimatet sätts på spel"". Regeringskansliet (in Swedish). Retrieved 2017-10-17.  ^ "Alliansens femte parti". Aftonbladet. 2011-04-20.  ^ hannes.delling@svd.se, Hannes Delling . "SD röstar mer som S än M". SvD.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 2017-08-10.  ^ Cite error: The named reference SVTBudget was invoked but never defined (see the help page). ^ See e.g.: SOU 2008:125 En reformerad grundlag (Constitutional Reform), Prime Ministers Office. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-29195683

Bibliography

Larsson, Torbjörn; Bäck, Henry (2008). Governing and Governance in Sweden. Lund: Studentlitteratur AB. ISBN 978-91-44-03682-3.  Petersson, Olof (2010). Den offentliga makten (in Swedish). Stockholm: SNS Förlag. ISBN 978-91-86203-66-5. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Riksdag.

The Riksdag
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– official site The history of the Riksdag

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Coordinates: 59°19′39″N 18°04′03″E / 59.32750°N 18.06750°E / 59.327

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