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Richard Bache
Richard Bache
(September 12, 1737 – April 17, 1811), born in Settle, Yorkshire, England, immigrated to Philadelphia, in the colony of Pennsylvania, where he was a businessman, a marine insurance underwriter, and later served as head of the American Post Office. He also was the son-in-law of Benjamin Franklin.

Contents

1 Career 2 Marriage and family 3 Later years 4 Descendants 5 References

Career[edit] Bache immigrated as a young man in 1760 to New York to join his brother Theophylact in a dry goods and marine insurance business. After a couple of years, he went to Philadelphia, where he prospered for several years. He was among nearly 30 young men who in October 1766 met at the city's London Coffee House to found the Gloucester Fox Hunting Club (GFHC), the first in America, to take up a pursuit closely associated with becoming "true Englishmen."[1] In 1767, Bache suffered financial problems when debts contracted by him were repudiated by his London associate, Edward Green. Marriage and family[edit]

Richard Bache's wife, Sarah Franklin, painted by John Hoppner
John Hoppner
(1793)

That year, Bache had proposed to Sarah Franklin (1743–1808), known as Sally, the only daughter of Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
and Deborah Read. They objected, given his precarious finances and rumors that Bache was a fortune hunter.[2] Although Franklin and his wife Deborah Read
Deborah Read
never formally approved, they acquiesced to the marriage in 1767.[2] Bache and Sally had eight children together, including Benjamin Franklin, Louis Franklin and Richard Franklin. Later years[edit] During the American Revolution, Bache served on the Board of War. His wife, Sally Bache (1743–1808), was widely known for her patriotism and charitable activities. Franklin later arranged an appointment for Bache as the US Postmaster General (1776-1782), to succeed him. After Franklin's death in 1790, Bache and Sally lived off her inheritance from Franklin, moving their family to the Vandegrift residence[3] in 1794 along the Delaware River north of Philadelphia.[2] Descendants[edit] Their oldest son, Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
Bache (1769–1798), became a journalist and publisher, founding a newspaper. He was a spokesman for the Jeffersonian Republicans; he strenuously opposed George Washington, John Adams
John Adams
and the Federalist party. Sally and Bache's son, Richard Bache, Jr., served in the Republic of Texas Navy and was elected as a Representative to the Second Texas Legislature in 1847. The U.S. Navy surgeon Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
Bache (1801–1881) and the physicist Alexander Dallas Bache
Alexander Dallas Bache
(1806–1867) were grandsons of Sally and Richard Bache, Sr. References[edit]

^ Doreen Skala, "Fox Hunting and Anglicization in Eighteenth-Century Philadelphia", in Locating the English Diaspora, 1500-2010, edited by Tanja Bueltmann, Liverpool University Press, 2012, pp. 61-62, accessed 5 November 2012 ^ a b c Herbert, Eugenia W. (1976). "A Note on Richard Bache (1737–1811)". Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Magazine of History and Biography. 100 (1): 97–103. ISSN 0031-4587.  ^ "Eddington, Bensalem Township, Bucks County PA". www.livingplaces.com. Retrieved 2017-06-21. 

Political offices

Preceded by Benjamin Franklin United States
United States
Postmaster General 1776–1782 Succeeded by Ebenezer Hazard

v t e

United States
United States
Postmasters General

Confederal

Franklin Bache Hazard

Federal

Osgood Pickering Habersham G. Granger Meigs McLean

Cabinet level Post Office Department

Barry Kendall Niles F. Granger Wickliffe Johnson Collamer Hall Hubbard Campbell A. Brown Holt King Blair Dennison Randall Creswell Marshall Jewell Tyner Key Maynard James Howe Gresham Hatton Vilas Dickinson Wanamaker Bissell Wilson Gary Smith Payne Wynne Cortelyou Meyer Hitchcock Burleson Hays Work New W. Brown Farley Walker Hannegan Donaldson Summerfield Day Gronouski O'Brien Watson Blount

U.S. Postal Service

Blount Klassen Bailar Bolger Carlin Casey Tisch Frank Runyon Henderson Potter Donahoe Brennan

v t e

Benjamin Franklin

January 6, 1706 – April 17, 1790 President of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
(1785–1788), Ambassador to France (1779–1785) Second Continental Congress
Second Continental Congress
(1775–1776)

Founding of the United States

Join, or Die
Join, or Die
(1754 political cartoon) Albany Plan
Albany Plan
of Union

Albany Congress

Hutchinson Letters Affair Committee of Secret Correspondence Committee of Five Declaration of Independence Model Treaty

Franco-American alliance Treaty of Amity and Commerce Treaty of Alliance

Staten Island Peace Conference Treaty of Paris, 1783 Delegate, 1787 Constitutional Convention Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Provincial Assembly Postmaster General Founding Fathers

Inventions, other events

Franklin's electrostatic machine Bifocals Franklin stove Glass armonica Gulf Stream exploration, naming, and chart Lightning rod Kite experiment Pay it forward Associators

111th Infantry Regiment

Junto club American Philosophical Society Library Company of Philadelphia Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Hospital Academy and College of Philadelphia

University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Contributionship Union Fire Company Early American currency Fugio Cent United States
United States
Postal Service President, Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Abolition Society Master, Les Neuf Sœurs Other social contributions and studies Gravesite

Writings

Silence Dogood
Silence Dogood
letters (1722) A Dissertation on Liberty and Necessity, Pleasure and Pain (1725) The Busy-Body
The Busy-Body
letters (1729) Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Gazette (1729–1790) Poor Richard's Almanack
Poor Richard's Almanack
(1732–1758) The Drinker's Dictionary (1737) "Advice to a Friend on Choosing a Mistress" (1745) "The Speech of Polly Baker" (1747) Observations Concerning the Increase of Mankind, Peopling of Countries, etc. (1751) Experiments and Observations on Electricity
Experiments and Observations on Electricity
(1751) Birch letters (1755) The Way to Wealth
The Way to Wealth
(1758) Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Chronicle (1767) Rules by Which a Great Empire May Be Reduced to a Small One (1773) Proposed alliance with the Iroquois (1775) A Letter To A Royal Academy (1781) Remarks Concerning the Savages of North America (1784) The Morals of Chess (1786) An Address to the Public (1789) A Plan for Improving the Condition of the Free Blacks (1789) The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
(1771–90, pub. 1791) Bagatelles and Satires
Bagatelles and Satires
(pub. 1845) Franklin as a journalist

Legacy

Franklin Court Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
House Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
Institute of Technology Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
National Memorial Franklin Institute Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
Medal Depicted in The Apotheosis of Washington Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
statue, Washington D.C. In popular culture

Ben and Me (1953 short) Ben Franklin in Paris
Ben Franklin in Paris
(1964 musical play) 1776 (1969 musical 1972 film) Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
(1974 miniseries) Liberty! (1997 documentary series) Liberty's Kids
Liberty's Kids
(2002 animated series) Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
(2002 documentary series) John Adams
John Adams
(2008 miniseries) Sons of Liberty (2015 miniseries) Sons of Ben (supporters group for the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Union soccer club

Refunding Certificate Franklin half dollar One-hundred dollar bill Washington-Franklin stamps

other stamps

Cities, counties, schools named for Franklin Franklin Field State of Franklin Ships named USS Franklin Ben Franklin effect

Related

Age of Enlightenment American Enlightenment The New- England
England
Courant The American Museum magazine American Revolution

patriots

Syng inkstand

Family

Deborah Read
Deborah Read
(wife) Sarah Franklin Bache
Sarah Franklin Bache
(daughter) Francis Franklin (son) William Franklin
William Franklin
(son) Richard Bache Jr. (grandson) Benjamin F. Bache (grandson) Louis F. Bache (grandson) William Franklin
William Franklin
(grandson) Andrew Harwood (great-grandson) Alexander Bache (great-grandson) Josiah Franklin (father) Jane Mecom (sister) James Franklin (brother) Mary Morrell Folger (grandmother) Peter Folger (grandfather) Richard Bache
Richard Bache
(son-in-law) Ann Smith Franklin (sister-in-law)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 41701691 LCCN: nr92007294 GND: 1013310594 SN

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