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Richard Samuel Attenborough, Baron Attenborough, CBE, FKC (UK: /ˈætənbərə/; 29 August 1923 – 24 August 2014), was an English actor, filmmaker, entrepreneur, and politician. He was the President of the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art
Royal Academy of Dramatic Art
(RADA) and the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA). Attenborough joined the Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
during World War II
World War II
and served in the film unit. He went on several bombing raids over Europe and filmed action from the rear gunner's position. He was the older brother of Sir David Attenborough, a naturalist and broadcaster, and John Attenborough, an executive at Alfa Romeo. He was married to actress Sheila Sim from 1945 until his death. As a film director and producer, Attenborough won two Academy Awards for Gandhi in 1983, receiving awards for Best Picture and Best Director. The BFI ranked Gandhi the 34th greatest British film of the 20th century. He also won four BAFTA
BAFTA
Awards and four Golden Globe Awards. As an actor, he is perhaps best known for his roles in Brighton Rock, The Great Escape, 10 Rillington Place, The Sand Pebbles, Miracle on 34th Street (1994) and Jurassic Park.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Acting
Acting
career 3 Producer and director 4 Later projects 5 Personal life

5.1 Illness and death

6 Honours and styles

6.1 British state honours 6.2 Styles of address 6.3 Other honours

7 Corporate appointments 8 Filmography 9 Portrayals 10 Styles 11 See also 12 References 13 External links

Early life[edit]

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Attenborough was born on 29 August 1923[1] in Cambridge, the eldest of three sons of Mary Attenborough (née Clegg), a founding member of the Marriage Guidance Council, and Frederick Levi Attenborough, a scholar and academic administrator who was a fellow at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, and wrote a standard text on Anglo-Saxon
Anglo-Saxon
law.[2][3] Attenborough was educated at Wyggeston Grammar School for Boys in Leicester
Leicester
and studied at RADA. In September 1939, the Attenboroughs took in two German Jewish refugee girls, Helga and Irene Bejach (aged 9 and 11 respectively), who lived with them in College House and were adopted by the family after the war when it was discovered that their parents had been killed. The sisters moved to the United States in the 1950s and lived with an uncle, where they married and took American citizenship; Irene died in 1992 and Helga in 2005.[4][5] During World War II, Attenborough served in the Royal Air Force. After initial pilot training he was seconded to the newly formed Royal Air Force Film Production Unit at Pinewood Studios, under the command of Flight Lieutenant John Boulting
John Boulting
(whose brother Peter Cotes would later direct Attenborough in the play The Mousetrap) where he appeared with Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
in the propaganda film Journey Together (1943). He then volunteered to fly with the Film Unit and after further training, where he sustained permanent ear damage, qualified as a sergeant, flying on several missions over Europe filming from the rear gunner's position to record the outcome of RAF Bomber Command
RAF Bomber Command
sorties.[6] Acting
Acting
career[edit] Attenborough's acting career started on stage and he appeared in shows at Leicester's Little Theatre, Dover Street, prior to his going to RADA, where he remained Patron until his death. Attenborough's first major credited role was provided in Brian Desmond Hurst's The Hundred Pound Window (1944) playing Tommy Draper who helps rescue his accountant father who has taken a wrong turn in life. Attenborough's film career had, however, began in 1942 in an uncredited role as a sailor deserting his post under fire in the Noël Coward/David Lean production In Which We Serve
In Which We Serve
(his name and character were accidentally omitted from the original release-print credits), a role which would help to type-cast him for many years as a spiv or coward in films like London Belongs to Me
London Belongs to Me
(1948), Morning Departure
Morning Departure
(1950) and his breakthrough role as Pinkie Brown in John Boulting's film adaptation of Graham Greene's novel Brighton Rock (1947), a part that he had previously played to great acclaim at the Garrick Theatre
Garrick Theatre
in 1942. In 1949, exhibitors voted him the sixth most popular British actor at the box office.[7] Early in his stage career, Attenborough starred in the West End production of Agatha Christie's The Mousetrap, which went on to become the world's longest running stage production. Both he and his wife were among the original cast members of the production, which opened in 1952 at the Ambassadors Theatre and as of 2014 is still running at the St Martins Theatre. They took a 10 percent profit-participation in the production, which was paid for out of their combined weekly salary ("It proved to be the wisest business decision I've ever made... but foolishly I sold some of my share to open a short-lived Mayfair restaurant called 'The Little Elephant' and later still, disposed of the remainder in order to keep Gandhi afloat.")[8]

in Flight of the Phoenix (1965)

Attenborough worked prolifically in British films for the next 30 years, including in the 1950s, appearing in several successful comedies for John and Roy Boulting, such as Private's Progress
Private's Progress
(1956) and I'm All Right Jack
I'm All Right Jack
(1959).[9] In 1963, he appeared alongside Steve McQueen
Steve McQueen
and James Garner
James Garner
in The Great Escape as RAF Squadron Leader Roger Bartlett ("Big X"), the head of the escape committee, based on the real-life exploits of Roger Bushell. It was his first appearance in a major Hollywood film blockbuster and his most successful film thus far.[9] During the 1960s, he expanded his range of character roles in films such as Séance on a Wet Afternoon
Séance on a Wet Afternoon
(1964) and Guns at Batasi
Guns at Batasi
(1964), for which he won the BAFTA Award for Best Actor
BAFTA Award for Best Actor
for his portrayal of the Regimental Sergeant
Sergeant
Major (RSM). In 1965 he played Lew Moran opposite James Stewart
James Stewart
in The Flight of the Phoenix and in 1967 and 1968, he won back-to-back Golden Globe Awards
Golden Globe Awards
in the category of Best Supporting Actor, the first time for The Sand Pebbles, again co-starring Steve McQueen, and the second time for Doctor Dolittle starring Rex Harrison. He won the 1967 Best Supporting Actor Award for The Sand Pebbles. [9] His portrayal of the serial killer John Christie in 10 Rillington Place (1971) garnered excellent reviews. In 1977, he played the ruthless General Outram, again to great acclaim, in the Indian director Satyajit Ray's period piece The Chess Players.[9] He took no acting roles following his appearance in Otto Preminger's version of The Human Factor (1979) until his appearance as John Hammond in Steven Spielberg's Jurassic Park (1993) and the film's sequel, The Lost World: Jurassic Park (1997). He starred in the remake of Miracle on 34th Street (1994) as Kris Kringle. Later he made occasional appearances in supporting roles, including as Sir William Cecil in the historical drama Elizabeth (1998), Jacob in Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat and as "The Narrator" in the film adaptation of Spike Milligan's comedy book Puckoon
Puckoon
(2002).[10] He made his only appearance in a film adaptation of Shakespeare
Shakespeare
when he played the English ambassador who announces that Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are dead at the end of Kenneth Branagh's Hamlet (1996).[9] Producer and director[edit] In the late 1950s, Attenborough formed a production company, Beaver Films, with Bryan Forbes
Bryan Forbes
and began to build a profile as a producer on projects including The League of Gentlemen (1959), The Angry Silence (1960) and Whistle Down the Wind (1961), appearing in the cast of the first two films.[9] His performance in The Angry Silence
The Angry Silence
earned him his first nomination for a BAFTA. Seance On A Wet Afternoon won him his first BAFTA
BAFTA
award. His feature film directorial debut was the all-star screen version of the hit musical Oh! What a Lovely War
Oh! What a Lovely War
(1969), after which his acting appearances became sporadic as he concentrated more on directing and producing. He later directed two epic period films: Young Winston (1972), based on the early life of Winston Churchill, and A Bridge Too Far (1977), an all-star account of Operation Market Garden
Operation Market Garden
in World War II.[9] He won the 1982 Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Director for his historical epic Gandhi, and as the film's producer, the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Picture; the same film garnered two Golden Globes, this time for Best Director and Best Foreign Film, in 1983. He had been attempting to get the project made for 18 years.[9] He directed the screen version of the musical A Chorus Line
A Chorus Line
(1985) and the anti-apartheid drama Cry Freedom (1987). He was nominated for a Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Director for both films.[9] His later films as director and producer include Chaplin (1992) starring Robert Downey Jr., as Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
and Shadowlands (1993), based on the relationship between C. S. Lewis
C. S. Lewis
and Joy Gresham (the star of the latter was Anthony Hopkins, who had appeared in four previous films for Attenborough: Young Winston, A Bridge Too Far, Magic and Chaplin). Between 2006 and 2007, he spent time in Belfast, working on his last film as director and producer, Closing the Ring, a love story set in Belfast
Belfast
during World War II, and starring Shirley MacLaine, Christopher Plummer
Christopher Plummer
and Pete Postlethwaite.[11] Despite maintaining an acting career alongside his directorial roles, Attenborough never directed himself (save for an uncredited cameo appearance in A Bridge Too Far).[citation needed] Later projects[edit]

Attenborough in 1975

After 33 years of dedicated service as President of the Muscular Dystrophy campaign, Attenborough became the charity's Honorary Life President in 2004. In 2012, the charity, which leads the fight against muscle-wasting conditions in the UK, established the Richard Attenborough Fellowship Fund to honour his lifelong commitment to the charity, and to ensure the future of clinical research and training at leading UK neuromuscular centres.[12] Attenborough was also the patron of the United World Colleges movement, whereby he contributed to the colleges that are part of the organisation. He was a frequent visitor to the Waterford Kamhlaba United World College of Southern Africa (UWCSA). With his wife, they founded the Richard and Sheila Attenborough Visual Arts Centre. He founded the Jane Holland Creative Centre for Learning at Waterford Kamhlaba in Swaziland
Swaziland
in memory of his daughter who died in the tsunami on 26 December 2004. He was a longtime advocate of education that does not judge upon colour, race, creed or religion. His attachment to Waterford was his passion for non-racial education, which were the grounds on which Waterford Kamhlaba
Waterford Kamhlaba
was founded. Waterford was one of his inspirations for directing the film Cry Freedom, based on the life of Steve Biko.[citation needed] He founded The Richard Attenborough Arts Centre on the Leicester University campus in 1997, specifically designed to provide access for the disabled, in particular as practitioners.[citation needed] He was elected to the post of Chancellor
Chancellor
of the University of Sussex on 20 March 1998, replacing The Duke of Richmond and Gordon. He stood down as Chancellor
Chancellor
of the university following graduation in July 2008.[13] There now hangs a 42 inch by 46 inch portrait of him in the newly opened Attenborough Centre for the Creative Arts on the university campus.[citation needed] A lifelong supporter of Chelsea Football Club, Attenborough served as a director of the club from 1969–1982 and between 1993 and 2008 held the honorary position of Life Vice President. On 30 November 2008 he was honoured with the title of Life President at the club's stadium, Stamford Bridge. He was also head of the consortium Dragon International Film Studios, which was constructing a film and television studio complex in Llanilid, Wales, nicknamed "Valleywood". In March 2008, the project was placed into administration with debts of £15 million and was considered for sale of the assets in 2011.[14] A mooted long-term lease to Fox 21 fell through in 2015 though the facilities continue to be used for filmmaking.[15] He had a lifelong ambition to make a film about his hero the political theorist and revolutionary Thomas Paine, whom he called "one of the finest men that ever lived". He said in an interview in 2006 that "I could understand him. He wrote in simple English. I found all his aspirations – the rights of women, the health service, universal education... Everything you can think of that we want is in Rights of Man or The Age of Reason
The Age of Reason
or Common Sense."[16][17][18] He could not secure the funding to do so.[19] The website "A Gift for Dickie" was launched by two filmmakers from Luton in June 2008 with the aim of raising £40m in 400 days to help him make the film, but the target was not met and the money that had been raised was refunded.[20][21] There are a sound studio at Pinewood, a dubbing studio at Twickenham and a cinema in Knightsbridge all named after him and RADA
RADA
are building a new theatre to be named after him.[citation needed] Personal life[edit]

Lord Attenborough during his term as Chancellor
Chancellor
of the University of Sussex, February 2006

Attenborough's father was the principal of University College, Leicester, now the city's university. This resulted in a long association with the university, with Attenborough becoming a patron. The university's Embrace Arts at the RA centre,[22] which opened in 1997 is named in his honour. He had two younger brothers: naturalist and broadcaster David; and John (died 2012), who had made a career in the motor trade. Attenborough married actress Sheila Sim in Kensington
Kensington
on 22 January 1945.[23][24] From 1949 until October 2012 they lived in Old Friars on Richmond Green
Richmond Green
in London. In the 1940s, he was asked to 'improve his physical condition' for his role as Pinkie in Brighton Rock. He was asked to train with Chelsea Football Club for a fortnight, subsequently becoming good friends with those at the club. He went on to become a director during the 1970s, helping to prevent the club losing its home ground by holding onto his club shares and donating them – worth over £950,000 – to Chelsea. In 2008, Attenborough was appointed Life President of Chelsea Football Club.[25] On 26 December 2004, the couple's elder daughter, Jane Holland (30 September 1955 – 26 December 2004), along with her mother-in-law, Audrey Holland, 81, and Attenborough's 15-year-old granddaughter, Lucy, were killed when a tsunami caused by the Indian Ocean earthquake struck Khao Lak, Thailand, where they were on holiday.[26][27][28] A service was held on 8 March 2005 and Attenborough read a lesson at the national memorial service on 11 May 2005. His grandson Samuel Holland, who survived the tsunami uninjured, and granddaughter Alice Holland, who suffered severe leg injuries, also read in the service.[citation needed] A commemorative plaque was placed in the floor of St Mary Magdalen's parish church in Richmond. Attenborough later described the Boxing Day of 2004 as "the worst day of my life". Attenborough had two other children, Michael (born 13 February 1950) and Charlotte (born 29 June 1959). Michael is a theatre director formerly the Deputy Artistic Director of the RSC and Artistic Director of the Almeida Theatre
Almeida Theatre
in London and has been married to actress Karen Lewis since 1984; they have two sons, Tom and Will. Charlotte is an actress, and has two children.[citation needed] He publicly endorsed the Labour Party in the 2005 General Election, despite his opposition to the Iraq War.[29] Attenborough collected Picasso
Picasso
ceramics from the 1950s. More than 100 items went on display at the New Walk Museum
New Walk Museum
and Art Gallery in Leicester
Leicester
in 2007, in an exhibition dedicated to family members lost in the tsunami.[30] In 2008 he published an informal autobiography entitled Entirely Up to You, Darling in association with his colleague Diana Hawkins.[citation needed] Illness and death[edit] In August 2008, Attenborough entered hospital with heart problems and was fitted with a pacemaker. In December 2008, he suffered a fall at his home after a stroke[31] and was admitted to St George's Hospital, Tooting, southwest London. In November 2009, Attenborough, in what he called a "house clearance" sale, sold part of his extensive art collection, which included works by L. S. Lowry, Christopher R. W. Nevinson and Graham Sutherland, generating £4.6 million at Sotheby's.[32] In January 2011, he sold his Rhubodach estate on the Scottish Isle of Bute for £1.48 million.[33] In May 2011, David Attenborough
David Attenborough
said his brother had been confined to a wheelchair since his stroke in 2008,[31] but was still capable of holding a conversation. He added that "he won't be making any more films."[34] In June 2012, shortly before her 90th birthday, Sheila Sim entered the professional actors' retirement home Denville Hall, for which she and Attenborough had helped raise funds. In October 2012, it was announced that Attenborough was putting the family home, Old Friars, with its attached offices, Beaver Lodge, which come complete with a sound-proofed cinema in the garden, on the market for £11.5 million. His brother David stated: "He and his wife both loved the house, but they now need full-time care".[35] It simply isn't practical to keep the house on any more."[36] In December 2012, in light of his deteriorating health, Attenborough moved into a nursing home in London to be with his wife, as confirmed by their son Michael.[31] Attenborough died on 24 August 2014, five days before his 91st birthday.[37][38] He was survived by his wife of 69 years, their two children, six grandchildren, two great-grandchildren, and his younger brother David. His widow died on 19 January 2016.[citation needed] Honours and styles[edit] British state honours[edit] In the 1967 Birthday Honours, he was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Order of the British Empire
(CBE).[39] He was made a Knight Bachelor in the 1976 New Year Honours,[40] having the honour conferred on 10 February 1976[41] and on 30 July 1993 he was created a life peer as Baron Attenborough, of Richmond upon Thames in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames.[42][43] Although the appointment by John Major
John Major
was 'non-political' (it was granted for services to the cinema) and he could have been a crossbencher, Attenborough chose to take the Labour whip and so sat on the Labour benches. In 1992 he had been offered a peerage by Neil Kinnock, then leader of the Labour Party, but refused it as he felt unable to commit himself to the time necessary "to do what was required of him in the Upper Chamber, as he always put film-making first".[44] Styles of address[edit]

1923–1967: Mr Richard Attenborough 1967–1976: Mr Richard Attenborough CBE 1976–1993: Sir Richard Attenborough CBE 1993–2014: The Rt Hon. The Lord Attenborough CBE

Other honours[edit] Attenborough was the subject of This Is Your Life in December 1962 when he was surprised by Eamonn Andrews at the Savoy Hotel, during a dinner held to commemorate the 10th anniversary of the Agatha Christie play The Mousetrap, in which he had been an original cast member.[9] In 1983, Attenborough was awarded the Padma Bhushan, India's third highest civilian award,[45] and the Martin Luther King Jr. Nonviolence Peace Prize by the Martin Luther King Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change.[46] In 1992 he was awarded the Shakespeare
Shakespeare
Prize for his life's work by the Alfred Toepfer Foundation in Hamburg.[citation needed] In 1993, Attenborough was appointed a Fellow of King's College London.[47] On 13 July 2006, Attenborough, along with his brother David, were awarded the titles of Distinguished Honorary Fellows of the University of Leicester
Leicester
"in recognition of a record of continuing distinguished service to the university".[48][49] On 20 November 2008, Attenborough was awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Drama from the Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama
Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama
(RSAMD) in Glasgow.[50] Attenborough was an Honorary Fellow of Bangor University
Bangor University
for his contributions to film making.[51] Pinewood Studios
Pinewood Studios
paid tribute to his body of work by naming a purpose-built film and television stage after him. The Richard Attenborough Stage has an area of 30,000 sq ft. In his absence because of illness, Lord Puttnam and Pinewood Chairman Lord Grade officially unveiled the stage on 23 April 2012.[52] "Journalism News Network", Arts for India to honour Sir Richard Attenborough posthumously, September 16, 2016 Arts for India charity committee to honour Sir Richard Attenborough posthumously on 19 October 2016 at an event hosted at the home of BAFTA.[53] Corporate appointments[edit]

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Actors Charitable Trust. Chairman 1956–88, President 1988–2014 Equity. Council Member 1949–73 Royal Theatrical Fund Board of Directors. Vice President 1985–2014 Muscular Dystrophy
Muscular Dystrophy
Campaign. Vice President 1962–71, President 1971–2004, Life President 2004–2014 Cinema and Television Benevolent Fund. Council Member 1962–2003, Vice Patron 2003–2014 King George V Fund for Actors. Committee Member 1962–73, Trustee 1973–2014 Royal Academy of Dramatic Art
Royal Academy of Dramatic Art
(RADA). Member of Council 1963–73, Chairman 1973–2003, President 2003–2014 Combined Theatrical Charities Appeals Council. Chairman 1964–88, President 1988–2014 Royal Society of Arts. Life Fellow 1965 Chelsea Football Club. Vice President 1966, Director 1969–82, Life Vice President 1993–2008, Life President 2008–2014 Cinematograph Films Council Member 1967–73 Gardner Centre for the Arts, University of Sussex. Patron 1969–90, President 1990–2014 National Film and Television School. Governor 1970–81, President 1977–2014 University of Sussex. Pro Chancellor
Chancellor
1970–98, Chancellor
Chancellor
1998–2008 BAFTA. Vice President 1971–94, Chairman of David Lean
David Lean
BAFTA Foundation Trustees 1972–2002, President 2002–2014 Capital Radio. Chairman 1972–92, Life President 1992–2014 The Little Theatre, Leicester. Patron 1973–92, Honorary Life President 1992–2014 The Young Vic
The Young Vic
Theatre Company. Director 1974–84 " Help a London Child". Founder & Life Patron 1998–2014 Tate Gallery. Trustee 1976–82 & 1994–96 Waterford Kamhlaba
Waterford Kamhlaba
School, Swaziland. Chairman UK Trustees 1976–2004, Member Governing Council 1987–, President 2004–2014 Duke of York's Theatre. Chairman 1979–92 Channel Four Television Corporation. Deputy Chairman 1980–86, Chairman 1986–92 Board of Governors of the British Film Institute. Chairman 1981–92 Goldcrest Films
Goldcrest Films
& Television. Chairman 1982–87 Kingsley Hall
Kingsley Hall
Community Centre. ( Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi
lodged there in 1931) Patron 1982–2014 Committee of Enquiry into the Arts and Disabled People: Reporting on access and inclusion. Chairman 1983–85 The Gandhi Foundation. President 1983–2014 Brighton Festival. President 1984–85 British Film Year. President 1984–86 British Screen Advisory Council. Chairman 1987–96, Honorary President 1996–2014 UNICEF. Goodwill Ambassador 1987–2014 European Script Fund. Chairman 1988–96, Honorary President 1996–2014 Orange Tree Theatre, Richmond, London. Patron (with Lady Attenborough) 1988–2014 Arts For Health. President 1989–2014 European Film Academy. Co-founder (with Ingmar Bergman, Federico Fellini and Claude Chabrol) 1989 Richard Attenborough Centre for Disability and the Arts, University of Leicester. Patron 1990–2014 Foundation for Sport and the Arts. Trustee 1991–2003, President 2003–2014 Chicken Shed
Chicken Shed
Theatre Company. Honorary Patron 1992–2014 One World Action. Patron 1992–2014 Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
Foundation. Patron 1995–2014 Oxford University, Cameron Mackintosh
Cameron Mackintosh
Visiting Professor of Contemporary Theatre. 1996 Sussex Centre for German-Jewish Studies. Patron 1996–2014 United World Colleges. Member of the International Board 1996–2000, International Patron 2000–2014 Amnesty International. Patron 1997–2014 Mousetrap Theatre Projects. Trustee 1997–2014 The Diana, Princess of Wales
Wales
Memorial Fund. Trustee 1998 UK Film Council. Government Advisor 1999–2014 Sir John Gielgud
John Gielgud
Charitable Trust. Trustee 2001–2014 Themba HIV/AIDS
HIV/AIDS
Project in South Africa. Patron 2002–2014 Unicorn Theatre. Patron 2002–2014 Mandela Statue Fund. Chairman 2003–2007 St Edward's Oxford North Wall Arts Centre. Patron and Steering Committee Member 2005–2014 CLIC Sargent. Ambassador 2006–2014 Greater London Fund for the Blind. Vice President 2006–2014 The Richard Attenborough Regional Film Critics Award. Patron 2007–2014[54]

Attenborough also headed a committee awarding the Attenborough Prize, a £2,000 annual arts prize celebrating creativity by emerging artists. Filmography[edit]

Year Title Producer Director Actor Role Notes

1942 In Which We Serve

Yes A young stoker Uncredited

1943 Schweik's New Adventures

Yes Railway worker

1944 The Hundred Pound Window

Yes Tommy Draper

1945 Journey Together

Yes David Wilton

1946 A Matter of Life and Death

Yes An English pilot

1946 School for Secrets

Yes Jack Arnold

1947 The Man Within

Yes Francis Andrews

1947 Dancing with Crime

Yes Ted Peters

1947 Brighton Rock

Yes Pinkie Brown

1948 London Belongs to Me

Yes Percy Boon

1948 The Guinea Pig

Yes Jack Read

1949 The Lost People

Yes Jan

1949 Boys in Brown

Yes Jackie Knowles

1950 Morning Departure

Yes Stoker Snipe

1951 Hell Is Sold Out

Yes Pierre Bonnet

1951 The Magic Box

Yes Jack Carter

1952 Gift Horse

Yes Dripper Daniels

1952 Father's Doing Fine

Yes Dougall

1954 Eight O'Clock Walk

Yes Thomas "Tom" Leslie Manning

1955 The Ship That Died of Shame

Yes George Hoskins

1956 Private's Progress

Yes Pvt. Percival Henry Cox

1956 The Baby and the Battleship

Yes Knocker White

1957 Brothers in Law

Yes Henry Marshall

1957 The Scamp

Yes Stephen Leigh

1958 Dunkirk

Yes John Holden

1958 The Man Upstairs

Yes Peter Watson

1958 Sea of Sand

Yes Brody

1959 Danger Within

Yes Capt. "Bunter" Phillips

1959 I'm All Right Jack

Yes Sidney De Vere Cox

1959 Jet Storm

Yes Ernest Tiller

1959 SOS Pacific

Yes Whitney Mullen

1960 The Angry Silence Yes

Yes Tom Curtis

1961 Whistle Down the Wind Yes

1960 The League of Gentlemen

Yes Lexy

1960 Upgreen - And at 'Em

Yes

1962 Only Two Can Play

Yes Gareth L. Probert

1962 The L-Shaped Room Yes

1962 All Night Long

Yes Rod Hamilton

1962 The Dock Brief
The Dock Brief
aka Trial and Error

Yes Herbert Fowle

1963 The Great Escape

Yes Sqn. Ldr. Roger Bartlett "Big X"

1964 The Third Secret

Yes Alfred Price-Gorham

1964 Séance on a Wet Afternoon Yes

Yes Billy Savage

1964 Guns at Batasi

Yes Regimental Sgt. Major Lauderdale

1965 The Flight of the Phoenix

Yes Lew Moran

1966 The Sand Pebbles

Yes Frenchy Burgoyne

1967 Doctor Dolittle

Yes Albert Blossom

1968 Only When I Larf

Yes Silas

1968 The Bliss of Mrs. Blossom

Yes Robert Blossom

1969 The Magic Christian

Yes Oxford coach

1969 Oh! What a Lovely War Yes Yes

1970 The Last Grenade

Yes Gen. Charles Whiteley

1970 Loot

Yes Inspector Truscott

1970 A Severed Head

Yes Palmer Anderson

1971 10 Rillington Place

Yes John Christie

1972 Cup Glory

Yes Narrator

1972 Young Winston Yes Yes

1974 And Then There Were None

Yes Judge Arthur Cannon

1975 Brannigan

Yes Cmdr. Sir Charles Swann

1975 Rosebud

Yes Edward Sloat

1975 Conduct Unbecoming

Yes Maj. Lionel E. Roach

1977 Shatranj Ke Khilari

Yes Lt. General Outram

1977 A Bridge Too Far

Yes Yes Lunatic wearing glasses Uncredited

1978 Magic

Yes

1979 The Human Factor

Yes Col. John Daintry

1982 Gandhi Yes Yes

1985 A Chorus Line

Yes

1987 Cry Freedom Yes Yes

1992 Chaplin Yes Yes

1993 Jurassic Park

Yes John Hammond

1993 Shadowlands Yes Yes

1994 Miracle on 34th Street

Yes Kris Kringle

1996 E=mc2

Yes The Visitor

1996 Hamlet

Yes English Ambassador to Denmark

1996 In Love and War Yes Yes

1997 The Lost World: Jurassic Park

Yes John Hammond

1998 Elizabeth

Yes Sir William Cecil

1999 Grey Owl Yes Yes

1999 Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat

Yes Jacob

2002 Puckoon

Yes Narrator (final film role)

2007 Closing the Ring Yes Yes

2015 Jurassic World

Yes John Hammond (archive audio)

Portrayals[edit] In early 1973, he was portrayed as "Dickie Attenborough" in the British Showbiz Awards sketch late in the third series of Monty Python's Flying Circus. Attenborough is portrayed by Eric Idle
Eric Idle
as effusive and simpering. A similar portrayal to that seen in Monty Python can be seen in the early series of Spitting Image, when Attenborough's caricature would regularly appear to thank others for an imagery award. In 2012 Attenborough was portrayed by Simon Callow
Simon Callow
in the BBC Four biopic The Best Possible Taste about Kenny Everett. Styles[edit]

Richard Attenborough, Esq. (1923–1967) Richard Attenborough, CBE (1967–1976) Sir Richard Attenborough, CBE (1976–1993) The Rt Hon. The Lord Attenborough, CBE (1993–2014)[citation needed]

See also[edit]

List of oldest Best Director Academy Award
Academy Award
winners

References[edit]

^ "Encyclopædia Britannica". Britannica.com. 9 November 2013. Retrieved 24 August 2014.  ^ "Richard Attenborough profile at". Filmreference.com. Retrieved 5 June 2011.  ^ "Richard Attenborough biography". Movies.yahoo.com. Archived from the original on 8 May 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2014.  ^ Entirely Up To You, Darling by Diana Hawkins & Richard Attenborough; pp. 29–30; paperback; Arrow Books; published 2009; ISBN 978-0-099-50304-0 ^ "Sir Richard Attenborough remembers Kindertransport". Daily Mail. London, UK. Retrieved 15 October 2014.  ^ Entirely Up To You, Darling by Diana Hawkins & Richard Attenborough; pp. 88–95; paperback; Arrow Books; published 2009; ISBN 978-0-099-50304-0 ^ "Bob Hope Takes Lead from Bing In Popularity". The Canberra Times (ACT: 1926–1954). ACT: National Library of Australia. 31 December 1949. p. 2. Retrieved 27 April 2012.  ^ Entirely Up To You, Darling by Diana Hawkins & Richard Attenborough; page 180; paperback; Arrow Books; published 2009; ISBN 978-0-099-50304-0 ^ a b c d e f g h i j Richard Attenborough on IMDb ^ Flynn, Bob (2 August 2002). "Arts: Filming Spike Milligan's Puckoon". The Guardian. London, UK.  ^ Works nabs U.K. rights to Closing The Ring from The Hollywood Reporter ^ "Richard Attenborough Fellowship Fund". Muscular-dystrophy.org. Retrieved 24 August 2014.  ^ Gurner, Richard. "Lord Attenborough steps down as Sussex University chancellor". The Argus. Brighton, UK. Retrieved 5 June 2011.  ^ "Valleywood film studios faces possible sell-off". BBC News. 3 March 2011.  ^ Daniels, Nia. William Shakespeare
Shakespeare
heads to Wales
Wales
at theknowledgeonline.com, 13 July 2016. ^ Hattenstone, Simon (6 September 2008). "Richard Attenborough on laughter, levity and the loss of his daughter". The Guardian. London, UK. Retrieved 24 August 2014.  ^ Ann Talbot (18 September 2009). "A New World: A Life of Thomas Paine by Trevor Griffiths". World Socialist Website. Retrieved 24 August 2014.  ^ Peter T. Chattaway (11 June 2008). "Flashback: Sir Richard Attenborough, the Grey Owl interview". Patheos. Retrieved 24 August 2014.  ^ "Reformer may be captured on film". BBC News. 23 September 2003. Retrieved 24 August 2014.  ^ "Dickie Attenborough gets help from Luton film makers". Bedford Today. 10 June 2008. Retrieved 24 August 2014.  ^ "A Gift for Dickie". Directors Notes. 5 May 2008. Retrieved 24 August 2014.  ^ "Index — University of Leicester". Embracearts.co.uk. Retrieved 24 August 2014.  ^ "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 29 December 2017.  ^ "Lady Attenborough - obituary". The Daily Telegraph. London, UK. 21 January 2016. Retrieved 29 December 2017.  ^ News: Chelsea Football Club, chelseafc.com, August 2014. ^ Born, Matt (29 December 2004). "Triple tragedy hits Attenborough family". The Daily Telegraph. London, UK. Retrieved 13 June 2016.  ^ " Attenborough family's fatal tsunami decision". BBC News. 18 December 2005. Retrieved 9 November 2016.  ^ "Obituary: Jane Attenborough". The Guardian. 8 April 2005. Retrieved 9 November 2016.  ^ Richard Attenborough endorses Labour in 2005 General Election, theguardian.com, 26 April 2005. ^ Hurst, Greg. "Richard Attenborough's Picasso
Picasso
ceramics". Times Online. London, UK. Retrieved 3 September 2011.  ^ a b c Hall, Melanie (26 March 2013). "Film director Richard Attenborough moved to care home". The Daily Telegraph. London, UK. Retrieved 21 April 2013.  ^ Adams, Stephen (11 November 2009). "Lord Attenborough's picture sale makes £4.6m at Sotheby's". The Daily Telegraph. London, UK.  ^ Johnson, Simon (23 January 2011). "Richard Attenborough seeks compensation after he is forced to sell Scottish estate at knock-down price". The Daily Telegraph. London, UK. Retrieved 25 August 2014.  ^ Walker, Tim (12 May 2011). "Lord Attenborough takes a final bow". The Daily Telegraph. London, UK. Retrieved 5 June 2011.  ^ "Lord Attenborough's family rally round as Sheila Sim is hit by illness". The Daily Telegraph. London, UK. 27 July 2012.  ^ Walker, Tim. "Lord Attenborough gives up an £11.5 million love affair", The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph
(London), 29 October 2012; retrieved 29 October 2012. ^ "Actor Richard Attenborough dies at 90". BBC News. 24 August 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2014.  ^ Johnston, Chris (24 August 2014). "Richard Attenborough dies aged 90". The Guardian. London, UK. Retrieved 24 August 2014.  ^ "No. 44326". The London Gazette
The London Gazette
(Supplement). 10 June 1967. p. 6278.  ^ "No. 46777". The London Gazette
The London Gazette
(Supplement). 1 January 1976. p. 1.  ^ "No. 46828". The London Gazette. 17 February 1976. p. 2435.  ^ "Burke's Peerage – Preview Family Record". Burkes-peerage.net. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 5 June 2011.  ^ "No. 53397". The London Gazette. 10 August 1993. p. 13291.  ^ Entirely Up To You, Darling by Diana Hawkins & Richard Attenborough; pp 245–50; Arrow Books; published 2009; ISBN 978-0-099-50304-0 ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2015.  ^ "Commemorative Services: Martin Luther King Jr". Thekingcenter.org. Retrieved 3 September 2011.  ^ Fellows: King's College London, kcl.ac.uk; accessed 2 June 2016. ^ "Honorary Degrees and Distinguished Honorary Fellowships Announced by University of Leicester". le.ac.uk. 9 June 2006. Retrieved 5 June 2011.  ^ "News from India". Indiaenews.com. 16 December 2009. Retrieved 5 June 2011.  ^ "Actors honoured by arts academy". BBC News. 5 November 2008. Retrieved 8 May 2014.  ^ "Lord Attenborough, Honorary Fellow, Bangor University". Bangor.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 7 June 2011. Retrieved 5 June 2011.  ^ "The Richard Attenborough Stage opens for business at Pinewood Studios". pinewoodgroup.com. 23 April 2012. Retrieved 23 April 2012.  ^ "Journalism News Network", Arts for India to honour Sir Richard Attenborough posthumously, September 16, 2016 ^ Entirely Up To You, Darling by Diana Hawkins & Richard Attenborough; pages 293–299; paperback; Arrow Books; published 2009; ISBN 978-0-099-50304-0

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Richard Attenborough.

Richard Attenborough on Charlie Rose Richard Attenborough Archive on the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) site University of Sussex
University of Sussex
media release about Lord Attenborough's election as Chancellor, dated Friday, 20 March 1998 Lord Attenborough at the British Film Institute's Screenonline Richard Attenborough Stills & Posters Gallery from the British Film Institute Richard Attenborough Centre for Disability and the Arts Richard Attenborough in Leicester
Leicester
website

Profile at Parliament of the United Kingdom Contributions in Parliament at Hansard 1803–2005 Voting record at PublicWhip.org Record in Parliament at TheyWorkForYou.com Profile at BBC News
BBC News
Democracy Live Works by or about Richard Attenborough in libraries ( WorldCat
WorldCat
catalog) Richard Attenborough at Virtual History Richard Attenborough Fellowship – Muscular Dystrophy
Muscular Dystrophy
Campaign Richard Attenborough's appearance on This Is Your Life Richard Attenborough on IMDb Richard Attenborough at Find a Grave

Media offices

Preceded by - NFTS Honorary Fellowship Succeeded by David Lean, CBE

Preceded by HRH The Princess Royal President of the British Academy of Film and Television Arts 2001–2010 Succeeded by HRH Prince William, The Duke of Cambridge

Preceded by Unknown President of the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art 2003 – 2014 Succeeded by Sir Kenneth Branagh

v t e

Richard Attenborough

Films directed

Oh! What a Lovely War
Oh! What a Lovely War
(1969) Young Winston
Young Winston
(1972) A Bridge Too Far (1977) Magic (1978) Gandhi (1982) A Chorus Line
A Chorus Line
(1985) Cry Freedom
Cry Freedom
(1987) Chaplin (1992) Shadowlands (1993) In Love and War (1996) Grey Owl (1999) Closing the Ring
Closing the Ring
(2007)

Family

Sheila Sim (wife) Michael Attenborough (son) Frederick Attenborough
Frederick Attenborough
(father) David Attenborough
David Attenborough
(brother) John Attenborough (brother)

Awards for Richard Attenborough

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Director

1927–1950

Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1927) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1928) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1929) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1930) Norman Taurog
Norman Taurog
(1931) Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1932) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1933) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1934) John Ford
John Ford
(1935) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1936) Leo McCarey (1937) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1938) Victor Fleming
Victor Fleming
(1939) John Ford
John Ford
(1940) John Ford
John Ford
(1941) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1942) Michael Curtiz
Michael Curtiz
(1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1946) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950)

1951–1975

George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Carol Reed
Carol Reed
(1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Bob Fosse
Bob Fosse
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough (1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Sydney Pollack
Sydney Pollack
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

BAFTA
BAFTA
Award for Best Direction

Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) George Roy Hill (1970) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1971) Bob Fosse
Bob Fosse
(1972) François Truffaut
François Truffaut
(1973) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1974) Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(1975) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Alan Parker
Alan Parker
(1978) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1979) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1980) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1981) Richard Attenborough (1982) Bill Forsyth
Bill Forsyth
(1983) Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(1984) no award (1985) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1986) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1987) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1988) Kenneth Branagh
Kenneth Branagh
(1989) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1990) Alan Parker
Alan Parker
(1991) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Mike Newell (1994) Michael Radford
Michael Radford
(1995) Joel Coen (1996) Baz Luhrmann
Baz Luhrmann
(1997) Peter Weir
Peter Weir
(1998) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2001) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2002) Peter Weir
Peter Weir
(2003) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Paul Greengrass
Paul Greengrass
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

BAFTA Award for Best Actor
BAFTA Award for Best Actor
in a Leading Role

1952–1967

Ralph Richardson
Ralph Richardson
British, Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
Foreign (1952) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
British, Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
Foreign (1953) Kenneth More
Kenneth More
British, Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
Foreign (1954) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
British, Ernest Borgnine
Ernest Borgnine
Foreign (1955) Peter Finch
Peter Finch
British, François Périer
François Périer
Foreign (1956) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
British, Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
Foreign (1957) Trevor Howard
Trevor Howard
British, Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
Foreign (1958) Peter Sellers
Peter Sellers
British, Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
Foreign (1959) Peter Finch
Peter Finch
British, Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
Foreign (1960) Peter Finch
Peter Finch
British, Paul Newman
Paul Newman
Foreign (1961) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
British, Burt Lancaster
Burt Lancaster
Foreign (1962) Dirk Bogarde
Dirk Bogarde
British, Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
Foreign (1963) Richard Attenborough British, Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
Foreign (1964) Dirk Bogarde
Dirk Bogarde
British, Lee Marvin
Lee Marvin
Foreign (1965) Richard Burton
Richard Burton
British, Rod Steiger
Rod Steiger
Foreign (1966) Paul Scofield
Paul Scofield
British, Rod Steiger
Rod Steiger
Foreign (1967)

1968–present

Spencer Tracy
Spencer Tracy
(1968) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1969) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1970) Peter Finch
Peter Finch
(1971) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(1972) Walter Matthau
Walter Matthau
(1973) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1974) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(1975) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1976) Peter Finch
Peter Finch
(1977) Richard Dreyfuss
Richard Dreyfuss
(1978) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1979) John Hurt
John Hurt
(1980) Burt Lancaster
Burt Lancaster
(1981) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
(1982) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
/ Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1983) Haing S. Ngor
Haing S. Ngor
(1984) William Hurt
William Hurt
(1985) Bob Hoskins
Bob Hoskins
(1986) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1987) John Cleese
John Cleese
(1988) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(1989) Philippe Noiret
Philippe Noiret
(1990) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(1991) Robert Downey Jr.
Robert Downey Jr.
(1992) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(1993) Hugh Grant
Hugh Grant
(1994) Nigel Hawthorne (1995) Geoffrey Rush
Geoffrey Rush
(1996) Robert Carlyle
Robert Carlyle
(1997) Roberto Benigni
Roberto Benigni
(1998) Kevin Spacey
Kevin Spacey
(1999) Jamie Bell
Jamie Bell
(2000) Russell Crowe
Russell Crowe
(2001) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2002) Bill Murray
Bill Murray
(2003) Jamie Foxx
Jamie Foxx
(2004) Philip Seymour Hoffman
Philip Seymour Hoffman
(2005) Forest Whitaker
Forest Whitaker
(2006) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2007) Mickey Rourke
Mickey Rourke
(2008) Colin Firth
Colin Firth
(2009) Colin Firth
Colin Firth
(2010) Jean Dujardin
Jean Dujardin
(2011) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2012) Chiwetel Ejiofor
Chiwetel Ejiofor
(2013) Eddie Redmayne
Eddie Redmayne
(2014) Leonardo DiCaprio
Leonardo DiCaprio
(2015) Casey Affleck
Casey Affleck
(2016) Gary Oldman
Gary Oldman
(2017)

v t e

BAFTA
BAFTA
Fellowship recipients

1971–2000

Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1971) Freddie Young (1972) Grace Wyndham Goldie (1973) David Lean
David Lean
(1974) Jacques Cousteau
Jacques Cousteau
(1975) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1976) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1976) Denis Forman (1977) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1978) Lew Grade
Lew Grade
(1979) Huw Wheldon
Huw Wheldon
(1979) David Attenborough
David Attenborough
(1980) John Huston
John Huston
(1980) Abel Gance
Abel Gance
(1981) Michael Powell
Michael Powell
& Emeric Pressburger
Emeric Pressburger
(1981) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1982) Richard Attenborough (1983) Hugh Greene (1984) Sam Spiegel
Sam Spiegel
(1984) Jeremy Isaacs (1985) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1986) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1987) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1988) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1989) Paul Fox (1990) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1991) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1992) David Plowright (1992) Sydney Samuelson (1993) Colin Young (1993) Michael Grade
Michael Grade
(1994) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1995) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1996) Ronald Neame
Ronald Neame
(1996) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1996) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1996) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1997) Steven Bochco
Steven Bochco
(1997) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(1997) Oswald Morris (1997) Harold Pinter
Harold Pinter
(1997) David Rose (1997) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1998) Bill Cotton
Bill Cotton
(1998) Eric Morecambe
Eric Morecambe
& Ernie Wise
Ernie Wise
(1999) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1999) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
(2000) Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(2000) Peter Bazalgette
Peter Bazalgette
(2000)

2001–present

Albert Finney
Albert Finney
(2001) John Thaw
John Thaw
(2001) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2001) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2002) Merchant Ivory Productions (2002) Andrew Davies (2002) John Mills
John Mills
(2002) Saul Zaentz
Saul Zaentz
(2003) David Jason (2003) John Boorman
John Boorman
(2004) Roger Graef (2004) John Barry (2005) David Frost
David Frost
(2005) David Puttnam
David Puttnam
(2006) Ken Loach
Ken Loach
(2006) Anne V. Coates (2007) Richard Curtis
Richard Curtis
(2007) Will Wright (2007) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(2008) Bruce Forsyth
Bruce Forsyth
(2008) Dawn French
Dawn French
& Jennifer Saunders
Jennifer Saunders
(2009) Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
(2009) Nolan Bushnell
Nolan Bushnell
(2009) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(2010) Shigeru Miyamoto
Shigeru Miyamoto
(2010) Melvyn Bragg
Melvyn Bragg
(2010) Christopher Lee
Christopher Lee
(2011) Peter Molyneux
Peter Molyneux
(2011) Trevor McDonald (2011) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2012) Rolf Harris
Rolf Harris
(2012) Alan Parker
Alan Parker
(2013) Gabe Newell
Gabe Newell
(2013) Michael Palin
Michael Palin
(2013) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2014) Rockstar Games
Rockstar Games
(2014) Julie Walters
Julie Walters
(2014) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2015) David Braben (2015) Jon Snow (2015) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(2016) John Carmack
John Carmack
(2016) Ray Galton & Alan Simpson (2016) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(2017) Joanna Lumley
Joanna Lumley
(2017) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
(2018)

v t e

Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing – Feature Film

1948–1975

Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1948) Robert Rossen
Robert Rossen
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Anthony Harvey (1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough (1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Rob Marshall
Rob Marshall
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Director

Henry King (1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1946) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Robert Rossen
Robert Rossen
(1949) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1950) László Benedek (1951) Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Joshua Logan (1955) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
(1960) Stanley Kramer
Stanley Kramer
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) David Lean
David Lean
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1968) Charles Jarrott (1969) Arthur Hiller
Arthur Hiller
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1972) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1973) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(1976) Herbert Ross (1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough (1982) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) John Huston
John Huston
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2001) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Julian Schnabel
Julian Schnabel
(2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) James Cameron
James Cameron
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Foreign Language Film

Foreign Film – Foreign Language 1965–1972

Juliet of the Spirits (1965) A Man and a Woman
A Man and a Woman
(1966) Live for Life (1967) War and Peace (1968) Z (1969) Rider on the Rain
Rider on the Rain
(1970) The Policeman
The Policeman
(1971) The Emigrants (1972) The New Land
The New Land
(1972)

Foreign Film 1973–1985

The Pedestrian (1973) Scenes from a Marriage
Scenes from a Marriage
(1974) Lies My Father Told Me
Lies My Father Told Me
(1975) Face to Face (1976) A Special
Special
Day (1977) Autumn Sonata
Autumn Sonata
(1978) La Cage aux Folles (1979) Tess (1980) Chariots of Fire
Chariots of Fire
(1981) Gandhi (1982) Fanny and Alexander
Fanny and Alexander
(1983) A Passage to India (1984) The Official Story
The Official Story
(1985)

Foreign Language Film 1986–present

The Assault (1986) My Life as a Dog
My Life as a Dog
(1987) Pelle the Conqueror
Pelle the Conqueror
(1988) Cinema Paradiso (1989) Cyrano de Bergerac (1990) Europa Europa
Europa Europa
(1991) Indochine (1992) Farewell My Concubine (1993) Farinelli (1994) Les Misérables (1995) Kolya
Kolya
(1996) Ma vie en rose (1997) Central Station (1998) All About My Mother
All About My Mother
(1999) Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
(2000) No Man's Land (2001) Talk to Her (2002) Osama (2003) The Sea Inside
The Sea Inside
(2004) Paradise Now
Paradise Now
(2005) Letters from Iwo Jima
Letters from Iwo Jima
(2006) The Diving Bell and the Butterfly (2007) Waltz with Bashir
Waltz with Bashir
(2008) The White Ribbon
The White Ribbon
(2009) In a Better World
In a Better World
(2010) A Separation (2011) Amour (2012) The Great Beauty
The Great Beauty
(2013) Leviathan (2014) Son of Saul
Son of Saul
(2015) Elle (2016) In the Fade (2017)

v t e

Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture

Akim Tamiroff
Akim Tamiroff
(1943) Barry Fitzgerald
Barry Fitzgerald
(1944) J. Carrol Naish
J. Carrol Naish
(1945) Clifton Webb
Clifton Webb
(1946) Edmund Gwenn
Edmund Gwenn
(1947) Walter Huston
Walter Huston
(1948) James Whitmore
James Whitmore
(1949) Edmund Gwenn
Edmund Gwenn
(1950) Peter Ustinov
Peter Ustinov
(1951) Millard Mitchell
Millard Mitchell
(1952) Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1953) Edmond O'Brien
Edmond O'Brien
(1954) Arthur Kennedy
Arthur Kennedy
(1955) Earl Holliman
Earl Holliman
(1956) Red Buttons
Red Buttons
(1957) Burl Ives
Burl Ives
(1958) Stephen Boyd
Stephen Boyd
(1959) Sal Mineo
Sal Mineo
(1960) George Chakiris
George Chakiris
(1961) Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
(1962) John Huston
John Huston
(1963) Edmond O'Brien
Edmond O'Brien
(1964) Oskar Werner
Oskar Werner
(1965) Richard Attenborough (1966) Richard Attenborough (1967) Daniel Massey (1968) Gig Young
Gig Young
(1969) John Mills
John Mills
(1970) Ben Johnson (1971) Joel Grey
Joel Grey
(1972) John Houseman
John Houseman
(1973) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1974) Richard Benjamin
Richard Benjamin
(1975) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1976) Peter Firth
Peter Firth
(1977) John Hurt
John Hurt
(1978) Melvyn Douglas/ Robert Duvall
Robert Duvall
(1979) Timothy Hutton
Timothy Hutton
(1980) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1981) Louis Gossett Jr.
Louis Gossett Jr.
(1982) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1983) Haing S. Ngor
Haing S. Ngor
(1984) Klaus Maria Brandauer
Klaus Maria Brandauer
(1985) Tom Berenger
Tom Berenger
(1986) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1987) Martin Landau
Martin Landau
(1988) Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(1989) Bruce Davison
Bruce Davison
(1990) Jack Palance
Jack Palance
(1991) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(1992) Tommy Lee Jones
Tommy Lee Jones
(1993) Martin Landau
Martin Landau
(1994) Brad Pitt
Brad Pitt
(1995) Edward Norton
Edward Norton
(1996) Burt Reynolds
Burt Reynolds
(1997) Ed Harris
Ed Harris
(1998) Tom Cruise
Tom Cruise
(1999) Benicio del Toro
Benicio del Toro
(2000) Jim Broadbent
Jim Broadbent
(2001) Chris Cooper
Chris Cooper
(2002) Tim Robbins
Tim Robbins
(2003) Clive Owen
Clive Owen
(2004) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2005) Eddie Murphy
Eddie Murphy
(2006) Javier Bardem
Javier Bardem
(2007) Heath Ledger
Heath Ledger
(2008) Christoph Waltz
Christoph Waltz
(2009) Christian Bale
Christian Bale
(2010) Christopher Plummer
Christopher Plummer
(2011) Christoph Waltz
Christoph Waltz
(2012) Jared Leto
Jared Leto
(2013) J. K. Simmons
J. K. Simmons
(2014) Sylvester Stallone
Sylvester Stallone
(2015) Aaron Taylor-Johnson
Aaron Taylor-Johnson
(2016) Sam Rockwell
Sam Rockwell
(2017)

v t e

Padma Bhushan
Padma Bhushan
award recipients (1980–1989)

1980

Sunil Gavaskar

1981

Vainu Bappu Prafulla Desai A. P. J. Abdul Kalam Gopinath Mohanty Amritlal Nagar Mrinal Sen Avabai Bomanji Wadia

1982

Jasbir Singh Bajaj Sundaram Balachander Gottipati Brahmaiah Rani Gaidinliu Khadim Hussain Khan Stella Kramrisch Jal Minocher Mehta Grace Morley Syed Zahoor Qasim Kamal Ranadive P. N. Pattabhirama Sastri Jhabarmal Sharma Ajit Ram Verma

1983

Richard Attenborough Doraiswamy Iyengar V. G. Jog K. Sankaran Nair Prem Nazir Swraj Paul, Baron Paul Rajkumar K. G. Ramanathan Kershasp Tehmurasp Satarawala Subodh Chandra Sengupta Adi M. Sethna Arun Kumar Sharma Benudhar Sharma Bhalindra Singh Umrao Singh

1984

Horace Alexander Michael Ferreira Sivaji Ganesan Jnan Prakash Ghosh Kotha Satchidananda Murthy Hosur Narasimhaiah Sripada Pinakapani Ishwari Prasad B. C. Sanyal Marie Seton Archana Sharma Obaid Siddiqi Natwar Singh Ganda Singh Vijay Tendulkar Baldev Upadhyaya

1985

Durga Das Basu Shiba P. Chatterjee Virender Lal Chopra Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon Santidev Ghosh Bhimsen Joshi Sadat Abul Masud Kalanidhi Narayanan Bernard Peters Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai Gopala Ramanujam S. Ramaseshan Amarjit Singh Tribhuvandas Luhar Gurbachan Singh Talib Bhalchandra Udgaonkar Srinivasan Varadarajan

1986

Pushpa Mittra Bhargava Ela Bhatt Manohar Lal Chibber Aminuddin Dagar V. Krishnamurthy Jean Riboud Sidney Dillon Ripley Rajeev Sethi Martand Singh Badri Nath Tandon Gulshan Lal Tandon R. K. Trivedi

1987

Balamani Amma Kishori Amonkar Nikhil Banerjee Roddam Narasimha R. D. Pradhan Annada Shankar Ray Julio Ribeiro Man Mohan Sharma Farokh Udwadia Mohammad Yunus

1988

19th Kushok Bakula Rinpoche Ram Prakash Bambah Kartar Singh Duggal Ashok Sekhar Ganguly Abid Hussain Shreyans Prasad Jain Kelucharan Mohapatra Bal Ram Nanda Akkineni Nageswara Rao Pratury Trirumala Rao Renuka Ray B. V. Sreekantan Satya Pal Wahi

1989

Fenner Brockway, Baron Brockway Banoo Jehangir Coyaji Girija Devi Kattingeri Krishna Hebbar Girilal Jain Anna Rajam Malhotra M. V. Mathur Ashesh Prosad Mitra Russi Mody Suresh Shankar Nadkarni Narinder Singh Randhawa Yoshio Sakurauchi Lakshman Singh Prakash Narain Tandon

# Posthumous conferral

1954–1959 1960–1969 1970–1979 1980–1989 1990–1999 2000–2009 2010–2019

v t e

David Attenborough

Filmography

The Life series

Life on Earth (1979) The Living Planet
The Living Planet
(1984) The Trials of Life
The Trials of Life
(1990) Life in the Freezer
Life in the Freezer
(1993) The Private Life of Plants
The Private Life of Plants
(1995) The Life of Birds
The Life of Birds
(1998) The Life of Mammals
The Life of Mammals
(2002) Life in the Undergrowth
Life in the Undergrowth
(2005) Life in Cold Blood (2008)

Other TV series and programmes

Zoo Quest (1954–63) The People of Paradise (1960) The World About Us (1967) The Miracle of Bali (1969) The Tribal Eye (1975) Wildlife on One (1977) The First Eden
The First Eden
(1987) Lost Worlds, Vanished Lives (1989) BBC Wildlife Specials
BBC Wildlife Specials
(1995–2008) State of the Planet (2000) The Blue Planet
The Blue Planet
(2001) Planet Earth (2006) Are We Changing Planet Earth? (2006) Charles Darwin and the Tree of Life
Charles Darwin and the Tree of Life
(2009) Nature's Great Events
Nature's Great Events
(2009) Life (2009) First Life (2010) Madagascar (2011) Frozen Planet
Frozen Planet
(2011) Attenborough: 60 Years in the Wild (2012) Africa (2013) David Attenborough's Natural Curiosities (episodes) (2013–) David Attenborough's Rise of Animals: Triumph of the Vertebrates (2013) When Björk Met Attenborough (2013) Life Story (2014) The Hunt (2015) Great Barrier Reef (2015) Planet Earth II
Planet Earth II
(2016) Blue Planet II
Blue Planet II
(2017)

3D programmes and films

Flying Monsters 3D (2010) The Bachelor King 3D (2011) Kingdom of Plants 3D
Kingdom of Plants 3D
(2012) Galapagos 3D
Galapagos 3D
(2013) David Attenborough's Natural History Museum Alive
David Attenborough's Natural History Museum Alive
(2014) David Attenborough's Conquest of the Skies 3D (2015)

DVD collections

Great Wildlife Moments (2003) Attenborough in Paradise (2005) The Life Collection
The Life Collection
(2005) Life on Land
Life on Land
(2008)

Radio

David Attenborough's Life Stories
David Attenborough's Life Stories
(2009–11) Tweet of the Day (2013–14)

Related

Frederick Attenborough
Frederick Attenborough
(father) Richard Attenborough (brother) John Attenborough (brother) Michael Attenborough (nephew)

Authority control

WorldCat
WorldCat
Identities VIAF: 111673587 LCCN: n82111813 ISNI: 0000 0001 0935 9026 GND: 118898752 SELIBR: 377232 SUDOC: 033582416 BNF: cb12304664t (data) BIBSYS: 90862883 MusicBrainz: 9f75755a-5f41-4e88-8605-5ae252c0416e NLA: 35316315 NKC: ola2002150073 ICCU: ITICCUCFIV100564 BNE: XX1108257 CiNii: DA05312689 RKD: 443494 SN

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