Richard George Adams (9 May 1920 – 24 December 2016) was an English novelist who is best known as the author of Watership Down, Shardik and The Plague Dogs. He studied modern history at university before serving in the
British Army during World War II. Afterwards, he completed his studies, and then joined the British Civil Service. In 1974, two years after Watership Down was published, Adams became a full-time author.
Adams was born on 9 May 1920 in Wash Common, near Newbury, Berkshire, England, the son of Lilian Rosa (Button) and Evelyn George Beadon Adams, a doctor. He attended Horris Hill School from 1926 to 1933, and then Bradfield College from 1933 to 1938. In 1938, he went to Worcester College, Oxford, to read Modern History. In July 1940, Adams was called up to join the British Army. He was posted to the Royal Army Service Corps and was selected for the Airborne Company, where he worked as a brigade liaison. He served in Palestine, Europe and the Far East but saw no direct action against either the Germans or the Japanese.
After being released from the army in 1946, Adams returned to Worcester College to continue his studies for a further two years. He received a bachelor's degree in 1948, proceeding MA in 1953. After his graduation in 1948, Adams joined the British Civil Service, rising to the rank of Assistant Secretary to the Ministry of Housing and Local Government, later part of the Department of the Environment. It was during this period that he began writing fiction in his spare time.
Adams originally began telling the story that would become Watership Down to his two daughters on a car trip. They eventually insisted that he publish it as a book. He began writing in 1966, taking two years to complete it. In 1972, after four publishers and three writers' agencies turned down the manuscript, Rex Collings agreed to publish the work. The book gained international acclaim almost immediately for reinvigorating anthropomorphic fiction with naturalism.
Over the next few years Watership Down sold over a million copies worldwide. Adams won both of the most prestigious British children's book awards, one of six authors to do so: the Carnegie Medal and the Guardian Children's Fiction Prize.[a] In 1974, following publication of his second novel, Shardik, he left the Civil Service to become a full-time author. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature in 1975.
At one point, Adams served as writer-in-residence at the University of Florida and at Hollins University in Virginia. Adams was the recipient of the inaugural Whitchurch Arts Award for inspiration in January 2010, presented at the
Watership Down pub in Freefolk, Hampshire. In 2015 he was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Winchester.
In 1982, Adams served one year as president of the RSPCA. Besides campaigning against furs, Adams wrote The Plague Dogs to satirize animal experimentation (as well as government and tabloid press). He also made a voyage through the Antarctic in the company of the ornithologist Ronald Lockley. Just before his 90th birthday, he wrote a new story for a charity book, Gentle Footprints, to raise funds for the Born Free Foundation.
Adams celebrated his 90th birthday in 2010 with a party at the White Hart in his hometown of Whitchurch, Hampshire, where Sir George Young presented him with a painting by a local artist. Adams wrote a poetic piece celebrating his home of the past 28 years.
Adams died on 24 December 2016 at the age of 96 in Oxford, England from complications of a blood disorder.
In 1949, Adams married (Barbara) Elizabeth, daughter of R.A.F. Squadron-Leader Edward Fox Dyke Acland, son of the barrister and judge Sir Reginald Brodie Dyke Acland, whose father, the scientist Henry Wentworth Dyke Acland (himself created a baronet of St Mary Magdalen, Oxford) descended from the Acland baronets of Columb John.
Until his death, he lived with his wife in Whitchurch, within 10 miles (16 km) of his birthplace. Their daughters, to whom Adams originally related the tales that became Watership Down, are Juliet and Rosamond.
- Watership Down (1972) ISBN 978-0-7432-7770-9
- Shardik (1974) ISBN 978-0-380-00516-1
- Nature Through the Seasons (1975) ISBN 978-0-7226-5007-3
- The Tyger Voyage (1976) ISBN 978-0-394-40796-8 (reprinted 2013, David R. Godine, Publisher, ISBN 978-1-56792-491-6)
- The Plague Dogs (1977) ISBN 978-0-345-49402-3
- The Ship's Cat (1977, text of picture book illustrated by Alan Aldridge) ISBN 978-0-394-42334-0
- Nature Day and Night (1978) ISBN 0-7226-5359-X (with M. D. Hooper)
- The Girl in a Swing (1980) ISBN 978-0-7139-1407-8
- The Iron Wolf and Other Stories (1980), published in the US as The Unbroken Web: Stories and Fables. Color Illustrations by Yvonne Gilbert, b&w illustrations by Jennifer Campbell. ISBN 978-0-517-40375-4
- The Legend of Te Tuna (1982), Sylvester & Orphanos, ISBN 978-0-283-99393-0
- Voyage Through the Antarctic (1982 with Ronald Lockley), Allen Lane ISBN 0-7139-1396-7
- Maia (1984) ISBN 978-0-517-62993-2
- A Nature Diary (1985) ISBN 0-670-80105-4, ISBN 978-0-670-80105-3
- The Bureaucats (1985) ISBN 0-670-80120-8, ISBN 978-0-670-80120-6
- Traveller (1988) ISBN 978-0-394-57055-6
- The Day Gone By (autobiography) (1990) ISBN 978-0-679-40117-9
- Tales from Watership Down (collection of linked stories) (1996) ISBN 978-0-380-72934-0
- The Outlandish Knight (1999) ISBN 978-0-7278-7033-9
- Daniel (2006) ISBN 1-903110-37-8
- "Leopard Aware" in Gentle Footprints (2010) ISBN 978-1-907335-04-4
- ^ Alternatively, six authors have won the Carnegie Medal for their Guardian Prize–winning books. Professional librarians confer the Carnegie and select the winner from all British children's books. The Guardian newspaper's prize winner is selected by British children's writers, "peers" of the author who has not yet won it, for one children's (age 7+) or young-adult fiction book. Details regarding author and publisher nationality have varied.
- ^ a b Harrison Smith (December 28, 2016). "Richard Adams, best-selling British author of 'Watership Down,' dies at 96". Washington Post. Retrieved December 30, 2016.
- ^ a b "
Watership Down author
Richard Adams dies aged 96". BBC News. 27 December 2016. Retrieved 27 December 2016.
- ^ a b c "Structo talks to Richard Adams". structomagazine.co.uk. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
- ^ McFadden, Robert D. (27 December 2016). "Richard Adams, Whose Novel 'Watership Down' Became a Phenomenon, Dies at 96". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 December 2016.
- ^ "Richard Adams, Whose Novel 'Watershiphello Down' Became a Phenomenon, Dies at 96". The New York Times. 27 December 2016.
- ^ Michael D Sharp, Popular Contemporary Writers, Marshall Cavendish Corporation 2006 ISBN 0-7614-7601-6(p.26)
- ^ "Richard George Adams", Trevor Royle, Brief Biographies, Contemporary Novelists vol. 1. Retrieved 2 April 2008.
- ^ "ADAMS, Richard George", Who's Who 2008, A & C Black, 2008; (online edition),
Oxford University Press, December 2007. Retrieved 2 April 2008.
- ^ a b c d e Blezard, Paul (15 May 2010). "Richard Adams: Forever animated by the life of animals". The Independent. Retrieved 27 December 2016.
- ^ a b c David Batty (28 December 2016). "Richard Adams,
Watership Down author, dies aged 96". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
- ^ Jones, Timothy (27 December 2016). "Watership Down author
Richard Adams dies, aged 96". DW. Retrieved 27 December 2016.
- ^ (Carnegie Winner 1972) Archived 29 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine.. Living Archive: Celebrating the Carnegie and Greenaway Winners. CILIP. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- ^ "Guardian children's fiction prize relaunched: Entry details and list of past winners". guardian.co.uk 12 March 2001. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- ^ "
Royal Society of Literature All Fellows". Royal Society of Literature. Archived from the original on 5 March 2010. Retrieved 10 August 2010.
- ^ "Department of English Graduate Programs – MFA in Fiction & Poetry". English.ufl.edu. Retrieved 19 April 2011.
- ^ Wiltshire Society Water under the bridge (accessed 2 April 2010) March 2010
- ^ "Whitchurch Arts Award for inspiration given to
Richard Adams (accessed April 2010)". Whitchurcharts.org.uk. 9 May 1920. Archived from the original on 13 May 2011. Retrieved 19 April 2011.
- ^ "Inspirational figures celebrated at
University of Winchester Graduation ceremonies". The University of Winchester. 17 October 2015. Retrieved 27 December 2016.
- ^ Fezza, Charlemange. "My Afternoon with Richard Adams". www.rabbit.org. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
- ^ Adams, Richard; Lockley, Ronald (1982). Voyage Through the Antarctic. Allen Lane. ISBN 978-0394528588.
- ^ "Whitchurch Arts, Celebration of Richard Adams' 90th Birthday". Whitchurcharts.org.uk. Archived from the original on 13 May 2011. Retrieved 19 April 2011.
- ^ "Basingstoke Gazette, 20 May 2010, Party time for Richard as he celebrates 90th". Basingstokegazette.co.uk. 20 May 2010. Retrieved 19 April 2011.
- ^ "Requiescat in Pace".
Watership Down Enterprises. 27 December 2016. Retrieved 27 December 2016.
- ^ "Richard Adams: The man who turned a story about rabbits into a best-seller". BBC News. 27 December 2016. Retrieved 27 December 2016.
- ^ Burke's Peerage, 1999, vol. 1, pg 26
- ^ Science Fiction and Fantasy Literature, vol. 2, R. Reginald, 1979, pg 790
- ^ Cooper, Jonathan (11 March 1985). "
Richard Adams Follows Up
Watership Down and
Shardik with An Erotic Epic Called Maia". People. Retrieved 27 December 2016.