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A ribbon or riband is a thin band of material, typically cloth but also plastic or sometimes metal, used primarily as decorative binding and tying.[1] Cloth
Cloth
ribbons are made of natural materials such as silk, velvet, cotton, and jute and of synthetic materials, such as polyester, nylon, and polypropylene. Ribbon
Ribbon
is used for innumerable useful, ornamental, and symbolic purposes. Cultures around the world use ribbon in their hair, around the body, and as ornamentation on non-human animals, buildings, and packaging. Some popular fabrics used to make ribbons are satin, organza, sheer, silk, velvet, and grosgrain.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Cloth 3 For printers and typewriters 4 Symbolism 5 See also 6 References

Etymology[edit] The word ribbon comes from Middle English
Middle English
ribban or riban from Old French ruban, which is probably of Germanic origin.[1] Cloth[edit] Along with that of tapes, fringes, and other smallwares, the manufacture of cloth ribbons forms a special department of the textile industries. The essential feature of a ribbon loom is the simultaneous weaving in one loom frame of two or more webs, going up to as many as forty narrow fabrics in modern looms. To affect the conjoined throwing of all the shuttles and the various other movements of the loom, the automatic action of the power-loom is necessary, and it is a remarkable fact that the self-acting ribbon loom was known and extensively used more than a century before the famous invention of Cartwright. A loom in which several narrow webs could be woven at one time is mentioned as having been working in Dantzig towards the end of the 16th century. Similar looms were at work in Leiden
Leiden
in 1620, where their use gave rise to so much discontent and rioting on the part of the weavers that the states-general had to prohibit their use. The prohibition was renewed at various intervals throughout the century, and in the same interval the use of the ribbon loom was interdicted in most of the principal industrial centres of Europe. In 1676, under the name of the Dutch loom or engine loom, it was brought to London, and although its introduction there caused some disturbance, it does not appear to have been prohibited. In 1745, John Kay, the inventor of the fly-shuttle, obtained, conjointly with Joseph Stell, a patent for improvements in the ribbon loom. Since that period, it has benefited by the inventions applied to weaving machinery generally. Ribbon-weaving is known to have been established near St. Etienne (dep. Loire) as early as the 11th century, and that town has remained the headquarters of the industry. During the Huguenot
Huguenot
troubles, ribbon-weavers from St. Etienne
St. Etienne
settled at Basel, and there, established an industry which in modern times has rivalled that of the original seat of the trade. Krefeld
Krefeld
is the centre of the German ribbon industry; the manufacture of black velvet ribbon being there a specialty. In England Coventry
Coventry
is the most important seat of ribbon-making, which is also prosecuted at Norwich
Norwich
and Leicester. While satin and other sorts of ribbon have always been used in lingerie, the usage of ribbon in the garment industry, while subject to fashion trends, saw an upsurge in the mid to late 90's. This upsurge led to increased ribbon manufacturing as well as new and improved manufacturing techniques. Due to more competitive production rates, as well as past experience in this field, companies in the Far East – especially those in China – gradually secured themselves to be the major ribbon suppliers in the world and improved both the quality and the variety of their merchandise to match those of their established European and North American competitors. Presently, the North American continent remains the largest importer of ribbon and ribbon derivative products (such as bows, rosettes, and other garment accessories made from ribbon). However, due to outsourcing of production of garments by North American garment manufacturers, countries in Asia and South America have started to contribute to the change of the statistical figures of ribbon imports. Inspired by European silk ribbons obtained through trade, Great Lakes and Prairie Native American tribes created art form of appliqué ribbon work.[2] For printers and typewriters[edit] Typewriters and dot matrix printers use a cloth or plastic ribbon to hold the ink. Symbolism[edit] Pieces of ribbon are used as symbols of support or awareness for various social causes and are called "awareness ribbons". Ribbons are used in some ceremonies, such as in a ribbon cutting ceremony. See also[edit]

Look up ribbon in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ribbons.

Award
Award
ribbon Card printer Dye-sublimation printer Ribbon
Ribbon
bar Ribbon
Ribbon
cable

References[edit]

^ a b "Ribbon". The Free Dictionary By Farlex. Retrieved 2012-05-23.  ^ Berlo, Janet C. and Ruth B. Phillips. Native North American Art. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998. ISBN 978-0-19-284218-3.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Ribbons". Encyclopædia Britannica. 23 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 283. 

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