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The Rhenish Missionary
Missionary
Society (Rhenish  – of the river Rhine) was one of the largest missionary societies in Germany. Formed from smaller missions founded as far back as 1799, the Society was amalgamated on 23 September 1828, and its first missionaries were ordained and sent off to South Africa
South Africa
by the end of the year. The London Missionary
Missionary
Society was already active in the area, and a closer working relationship was formed with them. The Society established its first mission station in the Cederberg
Cederberg
in 1829, named Wupperthal, and predated the naming of the German city by 100 years. Very soon, the missionaries started migrating north through the barren and inhospitable south-western Africa. Here they encountered various local tribes such as the Herero, Nama and Damara, and were frequently in the middle of wars between them. The missionaries tried to broker peace deals between the tribes, and for this reason was later seen as political assets by the tribes. Around the same time, debate started in Germany
Germany
regarding its colonial empire, with the activities of the RMS in distant Africa fanning imaginations. The unclaimed area to the north of the Cape Colony
Cape Colony
was proclaimed German South West Africa
German South West Africa
in 1880, but they quickly ran into numerous problems, since Germany
Germany
was inexperienced at colonization. The Herero and Namaqua Genocide
Herero and Namaqua Genocide
during 1904–1907 proved to be the nadir of their rule, and combined with the effects of World War I, Germany
Germany
was unable to maintain a foothold so far from home. South Africa annexed the area in 1915, renaming it South West Africa. During this time, missionaries' reactions ranged from compassion and help for the local tribes, to patriotism and support of colonial interests. During the 20th century, the Society focused on its work in southern Africa. The Society ultimately amalgamated all of its mission stations in South Africa
South Africa
into the Dutch Reformed Church, except for Wupperthal which chose to join the Moravian Church. The mission stations in Namibia
Namibia
became part of the Evangelical Lutheran Church there. In 1971, the Rhenish Mission and the Bethel Mission were combined into the Vereinte Evangelische Mission. Literature[edit]

G. Kunze: Im Dienste des Kreuzes auf ungebahnten Pfaden, Barmen 1897, 3rd edition 1925. Eduard Kriele: Das Kreuz unter den Palmen. Die Rheinische Mission in Neu-Guinea, Barmen 1927. W. Berner: Rheinische Missionsgesellschaft (RMG), in Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart (RGG), 5. vol., Tübingen 1961, p. 1083. Bade, K.J., Colonial Missions and Imperialism: the background to the fiasco of the Rhenish Mission in New Guinea, Australian Journal of Politics & History, 21:2 (1975), pp. 73–94. K.-J. Bade: Colonial Missions and Imperialism: The Background to the Fiasco of the Rhenish Mission in New Guinea, in: John A. Moses - Paul M. Kennedy (eds.): Germany
Germany
in the Pacific and Far East, 1870-1914, Brisbane 1977. Hermann Reiner: Beginnings at Madang - The Rhenish Mission, in: Herwig Wagner/Hermann Reiner (eds.): The Lutheran Church in Papua New Guinea. The first Hundred Years 1886-1986, Lutheran Publishing House: Adelaide 1986, Second revised ed. 1987, ISBN 0-85910-382-X, pp. 99–139. Paul Steffen: Missionsbeginn in Neuguinea. Die Anfänge der Rheinischen, Neuendettelsauer und Steyler Missionsarbeit in Neuguinea. (Studia Instituti Missiologici S.V.D. - 61) Steyler Verlag, Nettetal 1995, ISBN 3-8050-0351-X.

References[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rhenish Missionary
Missionary
Society.

Joachim Schubert. "The Rhenish Mission in South Africa
South Africa
and Namibia". German South African Resource Page. Archived from the original on 2004-12-16. Retrieved 2006-05-24. 

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Protestant missions to Africa

People

Roland Allen William Anderson Frederick Stanley Arnot John Arthur Samuel Bill Joseph Booth Daniel Coker Daniel Kumler Flickinger George Grenfell Carl Hugo Hahn Joseph Hardcastle Joseph Crane Hartzell Johannes Ittmann Franz Heinrich Kleinschmidt Johann Ludwig Krapf Margaret Nicholl Laird Christian Ignatius Latrobe David Livingstone Mary Livingstone Alexander Murdoch Mackay Joseph Merrick Robert Moffat Andrew Murray Helen Roseveare Hans Paludan Smith Schreuder John Philip Martti Rautanen Orishatukeh Faduma Alfred Saker Heinrich Schmelen William Henry Sheppard Mary Slessor John McKendree Springer Marion Scott Stevenson Charles Studd Hulda Stumpf William Taylor Gottlieb Viehe

Missionary agencies

American Board Africa Inland Mission Berlin Missionary
Missionary
Society Bethel Mission BMS World Mission Congo-Balolo Mission Christian and Missionary
Missionary
Alliance Church Mission Society Echoes of Service Finnish Missionary
Missionary
Society Heart of Africa Mission Livingstone Inland Mission London Missionary
Missionary
Society Mission Africa Mission to the World Paris Evangelical Missionary
Missionary
Society Rhenish Missionary
Missionary
Society USPG WEC International Wycliffe Global Alliance

Pivotal events

Slave Trade Act 1807 Slavery Abolition Act 1833

See also

Christianity in Africa Timeline of Christian missions

Authority control

GN

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