Revivalism (architecture)
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Revivalism in
architecture upright=1.45, alt=Plan d'exécution du second étage de l'hôtel de Brionne (dessin) De Cotte 2503c – Gallica 2011 (adjusted), Plan of the second floor (attic storey) of the Hôtel de Brionne in Paris – 1734. Architecture (Latin ''archi ...

architecture
is the use of visual styles that consciously echo the style of a previous architectural era. The best-known are the
Neoclassical Neoclassical or neo-classical may refer to: * Neoclassicism or New Classicism, any of a number of movements in the fine arts, literature, theatre, music, language, and architecture beginning in the 17th century ** Neoclassical architecture, an arc ...
one (the revival of Greco-
Roman Roman or Romans most often refers to: *Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune of Rome (metropolitan city of Capital Rome, region Laz ...
architecture), and
Gothic Revival Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic, neo-Gothic, or Gothick) is an Architectural style, architectural movement that began in the late 1740s in England. The movement gained momentum and expanded in the first half of the 19th cent ...
(the revival of
Gothic Gothic or Gothics may refer to: People and languages *Goths The Goths ( got, 𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌸𐌹𐌿𐌳𐌰, translit=''Gutþiuda''; la, Gothi) were a Germanic people The Germanic peoples were a historical group of people living in C ...
).


History


19th-early 20th centuries

The idea that architecture might represent the glory of kingdoms can be traced to the dawn of civilisation, but the notion that architecture can bear the stamp of national character is a modern idea, that appeared in the 18th century historical thinking and given political currency in the wake of the
French Revolution The French Revolution ( ) was a period of radical political and societal change in France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a spanning and in the and the , and s. Its ...

French Revolution
. As the map of Europe was repeatedly changing, architecture was used to grant the aura of a glorious past to even the most recent nations. In addition to the credo of universal Classicism, two new, and often contradictory, attitudes on historical styles existed in the early 19th century. Pluralism promoted the simultaneous use of the expanded range of style, while Revivalism held that a single historical model was appropriate for modern architecture. Associations between styles and building types appeared, for example:
Egyptian Egyptian describes something of, from, or related to Egypt. Egyptian or Egyptians may refer to: Nations and ethnic groups * Egyptians, a national group in North Africa ** Egyptian culture, a complex and stable culture with thousands of years of r ...
for prisons,
Gothic Gothic or Gothics may refer to: People and languages *Goths The Goths ( got, 𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌸𐌹𐌿𐌳𐌰, translit=''Gutþiuda''; la, Gothi) were a Germanic people The Germanic peoples were a historical group of people living in C ...
for churches, or
Renaissance Revival Renaissance Revival architecture (sometimes referred to as "Neo-Renaissance") is a group of 19th century architectural revival styles which were neither Greek Revival The Greek Revival was an architectural upright=1.45, alt=Plan d ...
for banks and exchanges. These choices were the result of other associations: the
pharaohs Pharaoh (, ; cop, ''Pǝrro'') is the common title now used for the monarchs of ancient Egypt Ancient Egypt was a civilization of Ancient history, ancient North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile, Nile River, ...

pharaohs
with
death Death is the permanent, irreversible cessation of all biological functions that sustain a living Living or The Living may refer to: Common meanings *Life, a condition that distinguishes organisms from inorganic objects and dead organi ...

death
and
eternity Eternity, in common parlance Colloquialism or colloquial language is the linguistic style used for casual communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share") is the act of developing Semantics, meaning among Sub ...

eternity
, the
Middle Ages In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and collection, the study, organization and presentation and the interpretation of past events and affairs of the people of Europe since the beginning of ...
with
Christianity Christianity is an Abrahamic The Abrahamic religions, also referred to collectively as the world of Abrahamism and Semitic religions, are a group of Semitic-originated religion Religion is a social system, social-cultural system of ...

Christianity
, or the
Medici family The House of Medici ( , ) was an Italian banking family and political dynasty Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with Decision-making, making decisions in Social group, groups, or other forms of Power (social ...
with the rise of banking and modern commerce. Whether their choice was
Classical Classical may refer to: European antiquity *Classical antiquity, a period of history from roughly the 7th or 8th century B.C.E. to the 5th century C.E. centered on the Mediterranean Sea *Classical architecture, architecture derived from Greek and ...
, medieval, or
Renaissance The Renaissance ( , ) , from , with the same meanings. is a period Period may refer to: Common uses * Era, a length or span of time * Full stop (or period), a punctuation mark Arts, entertainment, and media * Period (music), a concept in ...
, all revivalists shared the strategy of advocating a particular style based on national history, one of the great enterprises of historians in the early 19th century. Only one historic period was claimed to be the only one capable of providing models grounded in national traditions, institutions, or values. Issues of style became matters of state. The most well-known Revivalist style is the
Gothic Revival Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic, neo-Gothic, or Gothick) is an Architectural style, architectural movement that began in the late 1740s in England. The movement gained momentum and expanded in the first half of the 19th cent ...
one, that appeared in the mid-18th century in the houses of a number of wealthy antiquarians in England, a notable example being the
Strawberry Hill House Strawberry Hill House—often called simply Strawberry Hill—is the Gothic Revival Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic, neo-Gothic, or Gothick) is an Architectural style, architectural movement that began in the late 1740s ...

Strawberry Hill House
. German
Romantic Romantic may refer to: Genres and eras * The Romantic era, an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement of the 18th and 19th centuries ** Romantic music, of that era ** Romantic poetry, of that era ** Romanticism in science, of that er ...
writers and architects were the first to promote Gothic as a powerful expression of national character, and in turn use it as a symbol of national identity in territories still divided.
Johann Gottfried Herder Johann Gottfried (after 1802 von) Herder ( , ; 25 August 174418 December 1803) was a German philosopher, theologian Theology is the systematic study of the nature of the divine Divinity or the divine are things that are either related to, ...

Johann Gottfried Herder
posed the question 'Why should we always imitate foreigners, as if we were Greeks or Romans?'.


Present

Modern-day revival styles can be summarized within
New Classical architecture #REDIRECT New Classical architecture#REDIRECT New Classical architecture {{redirect category shell, {{R from other capitalization{{R from move ...
{{redirect category shell, {{R from other capitalization{{R from move ...
. Revivalism is not to be confused with
complementary architecture Complementary architecture is a movement in contemporary architecture Contemporary architecture is the architecture File:Plan d'exécution du second étage de l'hôtel de Brionne (dessin) De Cotte 2503c – Gallica 2011 (adjusted).jpg, uprig ...
, which looks to the previous architectural styles as means of architectural continuity.


Movements

;Mixed *
Eclecticism Eclecticism is a conceptual approach that does not hold rigidly to a single paradigm In science Science () is a systematic enterprise that Scientific method, builds and organizes knowledge in the form of Testability, testable explanatio ...
– Conscious mixing of disparate historical styles *
Historicism Historicism is an approach to explaining the existence of phenomena A phenomenon (; plural phenomena) is an observable fact or event. The term came into its modern philosophical Philosophy (from , ) is the study of general and fun ...
or Historism – mixed revivals that can include several older styles, combined with new elements *
Indo-Saracenic architecture Indo-Saracenic architecture (also known as Indo-Gothic, Mughal-Gothic, Neo-Mughal, or Hindoo style) was a revivalist architectural style mostly used by British architects in India in the later 19th century, especially in public and government bu ...
(revival of
Indian architecture The architecture of India India, officially the Republic of India (: ), is a country in . It is the by area, the country, and the most populous in the world. Bounded by the on the south, the on the southwest, and the on the south ...
and
Islamic architecture Islamic architecture comprises the architectural styles of buildings associated with Islam. It encompasses both secular and religious styles from the early history of Islam to the present day. Islamic architecture developed to fulfill Islamic reli ...
) *
Mediterranean Revival architecture Mediterranean Revival is an architectural style introduced in the United States in the waning nineteenth century variously incorporating references from Architecture of the Spanish Renaissance, Spanish Renaissance, Spanish Colonial architecture, S ...
(revival of
Italian Renaissance architecture Renaissance architecture is the European architecture of the period between the early 14th and early 16th centuries in different regions, demonstrating a conscious revival and development of certain elements of Ancient Greece, ancient Greek and ...
and
Spanish Baroque architecture Spanish Baroque is a strand of Baroque architecture that evolved in Spain, its List of provinces of Spain, provinces, and former Spanish Empire, colonies. History As Italian Baroque influences penetrated across the Pyrenees, they gradually supe ...
) *
New Classical Architecture #REDIRECT New Classical architecture#REDIRECT New Classical architecture {{redirect category shell, {{R from other capitalization{{R from move ...
{{redirect category shell, {{R from other capitalization{{R from move ...
– an umbrella term for modern-day architecture following pre-modernist principles *
Russian Revival architecture The Russian Revival style (historiographical names are: ''Russian style'', russian: русский стиль, ''Pseudo-Russian style'', russian: псевдорусский стиль, ''Neo-Russian style'', russian: нео-русский стил ...
– generic term for a number of different movements within Russian architecture that arose in second quarter of the 19th century. *
Traditionalist School The Traditionalist or Perennialist School is a group of 20th- and 21st-century thinkers who believe in the existence of a perennial wisdom or perennial philosophy, primordial and universal truths which form the source for, and are shared by, all ...
– revival of different regional traditional styles *
Vernacular architecture Vernacular architecture is building done outside any academic tradition, and without professional guidance. This category encompasses a wide range and variety of building types, with differing methods of construction, from around the world, ...
– umbrella term for regional architecture traditions continuing through the eras, also used and cited in revival architecture ;Ancient Revival: *
Egyptian Revival architecture Egyptian Revival is an architectural style An architectural style is a set of characteristics and features that make a building or other structure notable or historically identifiable. It is a sub-class of Style (visual arts), style in the visu ...
(revival of
Ancient Egyptian architecture Spanning over two thousand years, ancient Egypt Ancient Egypt was a of , concentrated along the lower reaches of the , situated in the place that is now the country . Ancient Egyptian civilization followed and coalesced around 3100 ( ...
) *
Mycenaean Revival architecture Mycenaean Revival is a rare revival architectural style developed as part of the twentieth century neoclassicist architectural revival in Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, Elláda, ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country locate ...
(revival of Mycenaean Greek architecture) *
Renaissance architecture Renaissance architecture is the European architecture of the period between the early 14th and early 16th centuries in different regions, demonstrating a conscious revival and development of certain elements of ancient Greek Ancient G ...
(earlier revival of
Classical architecture Classical architecture usually denotes architecture upright=1.45, alt=Plan d'exécution du second étage de l'hôtel de Brionne (dessin) De Cotte 2503c – Gallica 2011 (adjusted), Plan of the second floor (attic storey) of the Hôtel de ...

Classical architecture
) *
Neoclassical architecture Neoclassical architecture is an architectural style An architectural style is a set of characteristics and features that make a building or other structure notable or historically identifiable. It is a sub-class of style in the visual arts ge ...
(later revival of Classical architecture) **
Palladian architecture Palladian architecture is a European architectural style An architectural style is a set of characteristics and features that make a building or other structure notable or historically identifiable. It is a sub-class of style in the visual a ...
**
Louis XVI style Louis XVI style, also called ''Louis Seize'', is a style of architecture, furniture, decoration and art which developed in France during the 19-year reign of Louis XVI Louis XVI (Louis-Auguste; ; 23 August 175421 January 1793) was the last Kin ...
**
Federal architecture Federal-style architecture is the name for the classicizing architecture built in the newly founded United States between 1780 and 1830, and particularly from 1785 to 1815, which was heavily based on the works of Andrea Palladio Andrea Pallad ...
**
Jeffersonian architecture Jeffersonian architecture is an American form of Neo-Classicism Neoclassicism (also spelled Neo-classicism; from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), o ...
**
Empire style The Empire style (, ''style Empire'') is an early-nineteenth-century design A design is a plan or specification for the construction of an object or system or for the implementation of an activity or process, or the result of that plan or spec ...
**
Regency architecture Regency architecture encompasses classical buildings built in the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' ...
**
Beaux-Arts architecture ''Beaux-Arts'' architecture (; ) was the academic architectural style taught at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, particularly from the 1830s to the end of the 19th century. It drew upon the principles of French neoclassicism, but also incorp ...
**
Russian neoclassical revival Russian neoclassical revival was a trend in Russian culture, most pronounced in Russian architecture, architecture, that briefly replaced Eclecticism in architecture, Eclecticism and Art Nouveau as the leading architectural style between the Russia ...
*
Greek Revival architecture The Greek Revival was an architectural Architecture (Latin ''architectura ''Architectura: Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Baukunst'' is a biannual peer-reviewed Peer review is the evaluation of work by one or more people with sim ...
and
Neo-Grec Néo-Grec was a Neoclassical Revival style of the mid-to-late 19th century that was popularized in architecture, the decorative arts, and in painting during France's Second Empire, or the reign of Napoleon III Napoleon III (Charles Louis Napo ...
(revivals of
Ancient Greek architecture Ancient Greek architecture came from the Greek-speaking people (''Hellenic'' people) whose culture Culture () is an umbrella term which encompasses the social behavior and Norm (social), norms found in human Society, societies, as well as t ...
) ;Medieval Revival: *
Byzantine Revival architecture The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire, or Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire The Roman Empire ( la, Imperium Rōmānum ; grc-gre, Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, Basileía tôn ...
(revival of
Byzantine architecture Byzantine architecture is the architecture upright=1.45, alt=Plan d'exécution du second étage de l'hôtel de Brionne (dessin) De Cotte 2503c – Gallica 2011 (adjusted), Plan of the second floor (attic storey) of the Hôtel de Brionne ...
) **
Bristol Byzantine Bristol Byzantine is a variety of Byzantine Revival architecture that was popular in the city of Bristol from about 1850 to 1880. Many buildings in the style have been destroyed or demolished, but notable surviving examples include the Colston H ...
** Russo-Byzantine architecture ** Romanian Revival **
Serbo-Byzantine revival The Modern Serbo-Byzantine architectural style, Neo-Byzantine architectural style or Serbian national architectural style is the style in Architecture of Serbia, Serbian architecture which lasted from the second half of the 19th century to the fir ...
*
Romanesque Revival architecture Romanesque Revival (or Neo-Romanesque) is a style Style is a manner of doing or presenting things and may refer to: * Architectural style An architectural style is a set of characteristics and features that make a building or other structure ...
(revival of
Romanesque architecture Romanesque architecture is an architectural style An architectural style is a set of characteristics and features that make a building or other structure notable or historically identifiable. It is a sub-class of style in the visual arts gen ...
) **
Romanesque Revival Architecture in the United Kingdom Romanesque Revival architecture, Norman Revival architecture or Neo-Norman styles of building were inspired by the Romanesque Architecture of the 11th and 12th centuries AD. In the United Kingdom it started to appear as an architectural style in th ...
**
Richardsonian Romanesque Richardsonian Romanesque is a style Style is a manner of doing or presenting things and may refer to: * Architectural style An architectural style is a set of characteristics and features that make a building or other structure notable or hist ...
*
Gothic Revival architecture Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic, neo-Gothic, or Gothick) is an that began in the late 1740s in England. The movement gained momentum and expanded in the first half of the 19th century, as increasingly serious and learned ad ...
(revival of
Gothic architecture Gothic architecture (or pointed architecture) is an architectural style An architectural style is a set of characteristics and features that make a building or other structure notable or historically identifiable. It is a sub-class of sty ...
) **
Carpenter Gothic Carpenter Gothic, also sometimes called Carpenter's Gothic or Rural Gothic, is a North American architectural style-designation for an application of Gothic Revival Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic, neo-Gothic, or Goth ...
**
Scots Baronial Style architecture Scottish baronial or Scots baronial is an architectural style An architectural style is a set of characteristics and features that make a building or other structure notable or historically identifiable. It is a sub-class of style in the visua ...
**
Neo-Manueline Neo-Manueline is a revival style of architecture which drew from the 16th century Manueline Late Gothic architecture of Portugal. Neo-Manueline constructions have been built across Portugal, Brazil, and the Lusofonia (the former Portuguese Empire) ...
(revival of
Manueline The Manueline ( pt, estilo manuelino, ), occasionally known as Portuguese late Gothic, is the sumptuous, composite Portuguese architecture, Portuguese architectural style originating in the 16th century, during the Portuguese Renaissance and Ag ...
) *
Moorish Revival architecture Moorish Revival or Neo-Moorish is one of the exotic revival architectural styles that were adopted by architects of Europe and the Americas in the wake of Romanticism, Romanticist Orientalism. It reached the height of its popularity after the mid ...
(revival of
Moorish architecture Moorish architecture, is a style within Islamic architecture which developed in the western Islamic world, which included al-Andalus (Muslim-ruled Spain and Portugal between 711 and 1492), and the Maghreb (now Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia). The ...
) **
Neo-MudéjarNeo-Mudéjar is a type of Moorish Revival architecture practised in the Iberian Peninsula and to a far lesser extent in Ibero-America. This architectural movement emerged as a revival of Mudéjar style. It was an architectual trend of the late 1 ...
*
Tudor Revival architecture Tudor Revival architecture (also known as mock Tudor in the UK) first manifested itself in domestic architecture in the United Kingdom in the latter half of the 19th century. Based on revival of aspects that were perceived as Tudor architecture ...
(revival of
Tudor Style architecture The Tudor architectural style is the final development of Medieval architecture in England and Wales, during the Tudor period (1485–1603) and even beyond, and also the tentative introduction of Renaissance architecture to Britain. It fol ...
) **
Black-and-white Revival architecture The Black-and-white Revival was an architectural movement from the middle of the 19th century that re-used the Vernacular architecture, vernacular elements of the past, using timber framing. The wooden framing is painted black and the panels ...
;Renaissance Revival: *
Renaissance Revival architecture Renaissance Revival architecture (sometimes referred to as "Neo-Renaissance") is a group of 19th century architectural revival styles which were neither Greek Revival The Greek Revival was an architectural upright=1.45, alt=Plan d ...
(revival of
Renaissance architecture Renaissance architecture is the European architecture of the period between the early 14th and early 16th centuries in different regions, demonstrating a conscious revival and development of certain elements of ancient Greek Ancient G ...
) **
Italianate architecture The Italianate style was a distinct 19th-century phase in the history of Classical architecture. In the Italianate style, the models and architectural vocabulary of 16th-century Italian Renaissance architecture, which had served as inspiration fo ...
**
Palazzo style architecture Palazzo style refers to an architectural style of the 19th and 20th centuries based upon the ''Palazzo, palazzi'' (palaces) built by wealthy families of the Italian Renaissance. The term refers to the general shape, proportion and a cluster of ch ...
– revival based on Italian
Palazzo A palace is a grand residence, especially a royal residence, or the home of a head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona A persona (plural personae or personas), depending on the context, can refer to eith ...

Palazzo
**
Mediterranean Revival architecture Mediterranean Revival is an architectural style introduced in the United States in the waning nineteenth century variously incorporating references from Architecture of the Spanish Renaissance, Spanish Renaissance, Spanish Colonial architecture, S ...
(revival of
Italian Renaissance architecture Renaissance architecture is the European architecture of the period between the early 14th and early 16th centuries in different regions, demonstrating a conscious revival and development of certain elements of Ancient Greece, ancient Greek and ...
&
Spanish Renaissance architecture Spanish Renaissance architecture was that style of Renaissance architecture Renaissance architecture is the European architecture of the period between the early 14th and early 16th centuries in different regions, demonstrating a conscious ...
) ** Palladian Revival architecture (revival of
Palladian architecture Palladian architecture is a European architectural style An architectural style is a set of characteristics and features that make a building or other structure notable or historically identifiable. It is a sub-class of style in the visual a ...
) ** Châteauesque (revival of
French Renaissance architecture French Renaissance architecture is a style which was prominent between the late 15th and early 17th centuries in the Kingdom of France The Kingdom of France ( fro, Reaume de France; frm, Royaulme de France; french: link=yes, Royaume de Franc ...
) **
Jacobethan The Jacobethan or Jacobean Revival architectural style is the mixed national Renaissance revival style that was made popular in England from the late 1820s, which derived most of its inspiration and its repertory from the English Renaissance#Arch ...
(revival of
Jacobean architecture The Jacobean style is the second phase of Renaissance architecture Renaissance architecture is the European architecture of the period between the early 14th and early 16th centuries in different regions, demonstrating a conscious revival and ...
and
Elizabethan architecture Elizabethan architecture refers to buildings of a certain style constructed during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland from 1558–1603. Historically, the era sits between the long era of dominant architec ...
) ** Stile Umbertino (revival of
Italian Renaissance architecture Renaissance architecture is the European architecture of the period between the early 14th and early 16th centuries in different regions, demonstrating a conscious revival and development of certain elements of Ancient Greece, ancient Greek and ...
) ;Baroque Revival: *
Baroque Revival architecture The Baroque Revival, also known as Neo-Baroque (or Second Empire architecture in France and Wilhelminism in Germany), was an architectural style of the late 19th century. The term is used to describe architecture and architectural sculptur ...
(revival of
Baroque architecture Baroque architecture is a highly decorative and theatrical style which appeared in Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of Italian Peninsula, a peninsul ...
) ** Dutch Revival architecture (revival of
Dutch Baroque architecture Dutch Baroque architecture is a variety of Baroque architecture that flourished in the Dutch Republic and its colonies during the Dutch Golden Age of the 17th century. (Dutch painting during the period is covered by Dutch Golden Age painting). Li ...
) **
Spanish Revival architecture The Spanish Colonial Revival Style ( es, Arquitectura neocolonial española) is an Architectural style, architectural stylistic movement arising in the early 20th century based on the Spanish Colonial architecture of the Spanish colonization of the ...
(revival of
Spanish Baroque architecture Spanish Baroque is a strand of Baroque architecture that evolved in Spain, its List of provinces of Spain, provinces, and former Spanish Empire, colonies. History As Italian Baroque influences penetrated across the Pyrenees, they gradually supe ...
) **
Edwardian Baroque architecture The Edwardian era or Edwardian period of British history spanned the reign of King Edward VII, 1901 to 1910, and is sometimes expanded to the start of the First World War. The death of Queen Victoria in January 1901 marked the end of the Victo ...
** Stalinist baroque **
English Baroque English Baroque is a term sometimes used to refer to modes of English architecture 's 30 St Mary Axe, 'Gherkin' (2004) rises above the sixteenth century St Andrew Undershaft in the City of London The architecture of England is the architecture ...
**
California Churrigueresque Churrigueresque (; Spanish language, Spanish: ''Churrigueresco''), also but less commonly "Ultra Baroque", refers to a Spanish Baroque architecture, Spanish Baroque style of elaborate sculptural Ornament (architecture), architectural ornament whi ...
(revival of
Churrigueresque Churrigueresque (; Spanish language, Spanish: ''Churrigueresco''), also but less commonly "Ultra Baroque", refers to a Spanish Baroque architecture, Spanish Baroque style of elaborate sculptural Ornament (architecture), architectural ornament whi ...
and Mexican Baroque) ;Other Revival: * Neo Art Deco (revival of
Art Deco Art Deco, sometimes referred to as Deco, is a style of visual arts, architecture and design that first appeared in France just before World War I World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as the First World War or the Gr ...

Art Deco
architecture) * Cape Cod Revival (revival of
Cape Cod Cape Cod is a geographic cape extending into the Atlantic Ocean from the southeastern corner of mainland Massachusetts Massachusetts (, ), officially the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state State may refer to: Art ...
) *
Dutch Colonial Revival architecture Dutch Colonial is a style of domestic architecture, primarily characterized by gambrel roofs having curved eaves along the length of the house. Modern versions built in the early 20th century are more accurately referred to as "Dutch Colonial Rev ...
(revival of Dutch Colonial architecture) *Georgian Architecture#Post-Georgian developments, Georgian Revival architecture (revival of Georgian architecture) **Colonial Revival architecture (revival of American Colonial architecture) *Mayan Revival architecture (revival of Maya architecture) *Pueblo Revival Style architecture (revival of Puebloan peoples, Puebloan traditional architecture) *Spanish Colonial Revival architecture (revival of Spanish Colonial architecture) **Mission Revival Style architecture (revival of the architecture of the California missions) * Territorial Revival architecture (revival of Territorial architecture)


References

* Scott Trafton (2004), ''Egypt Land: Race and Nineteenth-Century American Egyptomania'', Duke University Press, . p. 142.


External links

* {{DEFAULTSORT:Revivalism (Architecture) Revivalism (architecture), Revival architectural styles, Historicist architecture Architectural history Architectural styles