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René Grousset
René Grousset
(5 September 1885 – 12 September 1952) was a French historian, curator of both the Cernuschi and Guimet Museums in Paris, and a member of the prestigious Académie française. He wrote several major works on Asiatic and Oriental
Oriental
civilizations, with his two most important works being History of the Crusades
Crusades
(1934-1936) and The Empire of the Steppes, a History of Central Asia
Central Asia
(1939), both of which were considered standard references on the subject.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Works 3 See also 4 References

Biography[edit] Grousset was born in Aubais, Gard
Gard
in 1885.[1] Having graduated from the University of Montpellier
University of Montpellier
with a degree in history, he began his distinguished career soon afterward. He served in the French army during World War I. In 1925, Grousset was appointed adjunct conservator of the Musée Guimet
Musée Guimet
in Paris
Paris
and secretary of the Journal asiatique. By 1930 he had published five major works on Asiatic and Oriental
Oriental
civilizations. In 1933 he was appointed director of the Cernuschi Museum
Cernuschi Museum
in Paris
Paris
and curator of its Asiatic art collections. He wrote a major work on the Chinese buddhist medieval pilgrim Xuanzang, particularly emphasising the importance of his visit to the northern Indian Buddhist
Buddhist
university of Nalanda.[2] Before the outbreak of World War II, Grousset had published his two most important works, Histoire des Croisades (1934-1936) and L'Empire des Steppes (1939). Dismissed from his museum posts by the Vichy government, he continued his research privately and published three volumes on China
China
and the Mongols
Mongols
during the war. Following the liberation of France, he resumed his curatorship of the Cernuschi Museum and in addition was appointed curator of the Guimet Museum. In 1946, Grousset was made a member of the Académie française. Between 1946 and 1949, he published four final works, concentrating on Asia Minor and the Near East. In 1952, Grousset died at the age of 67 in Paris. Works[edit]

1922 - Histoire de l'Asie [1], 4 vol., Paris: G. Crès & cie. OCLC 4594662 1923 - Histoire de la philosophie orientale 1924 - Le réveil de l'Asie 1926 - L'épopée des Croisades 1928 - La Grèce et l'Orient, des guerres médiques à la conquête romaine 1929 - Histoire de l'Extrême-Orient 1929 - Sur les traces de Bouddha, tableau du VIIe siècle bouddhique (in English) In the Footsteps of the Buddha. JA Underwood (trans) Orion Press. New York (1971) 1929-1930 - Les civilisations de l'Orient, 4 vol. 1931 - Les philosophies indiennes 1934-1936 - Histoire des Croisades et du royaume franc de Jérusalem [2], 3 vol. Paris: Plon. OCLC 37267632 1936 - L'art de l'Extrême Orient : paysages, fleurs, animaux 1937 - De Venise à Pékin au XIVe siècle : Odoric de Pordenone (with H. Demoulin-Bernard) 1939 - Les sculptures des Indes et de la Chine 1939 - L'empire des steppes : Attila, Gengis-Khan, Tamerlan [3] Paris: Editions Payot. OCLC
OCLC
220712631 (in English) The Empire of the Steppes. [4] (tr., Naomi Walford). New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press. (1970) ISBN 978-0-8135-1304-1; OCLC 90972. 1941 - L'empire mongol 1941 - L'Asie orientale, des origines au XVe siècle (with J. Auboyer et J. Buhot) 1942 - Histoire de Chine 1944 - Le conquérant du monde : vie de Gengis-Khan 1945 - L'Europe orientale de 1081 à 1453 (with C. DIehl, R. Guilland et L. Oeconomos) 1946 - L'empire du Levant : histoire de la question d'Orient 1946 - Bilan de l'histoire 1947 - Histoire de l'Arménie des origines à 1071 [5] Paris: Payot. OCLC 3084562 1948 - De la Grèce à la Chine 1949 - Figures de proue 1950 - Les premières civilisations (collective work) 1950 - De l'Inde au Cambodge et à Java (with J. Auboyer) 1951 - De la Chine au Japon

See also[edit]

Eurasian Steppe

References[edit]

^ René Grousset
René Grousset
biography on Académie française
Académie française
website Archived 24 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine. (in French) ^ Rene Grousset. In the Footsteps of the Buddha. J. A. Underwood (trans) Orion Press. New York. 1971

v t e

Académie française
Académie française
seat 36

Marin Cureau de la Chambre
Marin Cureau de la Chambre
(1634) Pierre Cureau de La Chambre (1670) Jean de La Bruyère
Jean de La Bruyère
(1693) Claude Fleury
Claude Fleury
(1696) Jacques Adam (1723) Joseph Séguy (1736) Louis René Édouard de Rohan (1761) Jean Devaines (1803) Évariste de Parny
Évariste de Parny
(1803) Victor-Joseph Étienne de Jouy
Victor-Joseph Étienne de Jouy
(1815) Adolphe-Simonis Empis
Adolphe-Simonis Empis
(1847) Henri Auguste Barbier
Henri Auguste Barbier
(1869) Adolphe Perraud (1882) François-Désiré Mathieu (1906) Louis Duchesne
Louis Duchesne
(1910) Henri Brémond (1923) André Bellessort
André Bellessort
(1935) René Grousset
René Grousset
(1946) Pierre Gaxotte (1953) Jacques Soustelle (1983) Jean-François Deniau
Jean-François Deniau
(1990) Philippe Beaussant (2007)

v t e

French sinologists

Historical sinologists

Arcade Huang
Arcade Huang
(1679–1716) Étienne Fourmont
Étienne Fourmont
(1683–1745) Stanislas Julien
Stanislas Julien
(1797–1873) Séraphin Couvreur (1835–1919) Édouard Chavannes
Édouard Chavannes
(1865–1918) George Soulié de Morant (1878–1955)

Post-1900 sinologists

Paul Pelliot
Paul Pelliot
(1878–1945) Henri Maspero
Henri Maspero
(1883–1945) Marcel Granet
Marcel Granet
(1884–1940) René Grousset
René Grousset
(1885–1952) Paul Demiéville (1894–1979) Étienne Balazs (1905–1963) Yves Hervouet (1921–1999) Jacques Gernet (1921–2018)

Current sinologists

Léon Vandermeersch (1928–) Jacques Pimpaneau (1934–) Pierre-Étienne Will (1944–) Jean Levi (1948–) Jean-Philippe Béja (1949–) Joël Bellassen
Joël Bellassen
(1950–) José Frèches (1950–) François Jullien
François Jullien
(1951–) Marie Holzman (1952–) Anne Cheng
Anne Cheng
(1955–)

École française d'Extrême-Orient

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 2471304 LCCN: n50032976 ISNI: 0000 0001 0862 4262 GND: 124473911 SUDOC: 026904802 BNF: cb119060427 (data) NLA: 35154346 NDL: 00441842 BNE: XX4578821 SN

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