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René Goscinny
René Goscinny
(French: [ʁəne ɡosini]; 14 August 1926 – 5 November 1977) was a French comics editor and writer of Polish descent, who is best known internationally for the comic book Astérix, which he created with illustrator Albert Uderzo, and for his work on the comic series Lucky Luke
Lucky Luke
with Morris (considered the series' golden age) and Iznogoud with Jean Tabary.

Contents

1 Early life 2 First works 3 Pilote and Astérix 4 Family 5 Death 6 Awards 7 Bibliography 8 Notes 9 References 10 External links

Early life[edit] Goscinny was born in Paris
Paris
in 1926, to a family of Jewish immigrants from Poland.[1] His parents were Stanisław Simkha Gościnny (the surname means hospitable in Polish; Simkha is his Jewish name meaning happiness), a chemical engineer from Warsaw, Poland, and Anna (Hanna) Bereśniak-Gościnna from Chodorków, a small village near Żytomierz in the Second Polish Republic
Second Polish Republic
(now part of Ukraine).[2] Claude, René's older brother was born six years earlier, on 10 December 1920. Stanisław and Anna had met in Paris
Paris
and married in 1919. The Gościnnys moved to Buenos Aires, Argentina, two years after René's birth, because of a chemical engineer post Stanisław had obtained there. He spent a happy childhood in Buenos Aires, and studied in the French schools there. He had a habit of being the "class clown", probably to compensate for a natural shyness. He started drawing very early on, inspired by the illustrated stories which he enjoyed reading. In December 1943, the year after he graduated from school, 17-year-old Goscinny lost his father to a cerebral hemorrhage, forcing him to find a job. The next year, he got his first job, as an assistant accountant in a tire recovery factory, and when he was laid off the following year, he became a junior illustrator in an advertising agency.[3] Goscinny, along with his mother, left Argentina
Argentina
and went to New York in 1945, to join her brother Boris. To avoid service in the US military, he travelled to France
France
to join the French Army
French Army
in 1946. He served at Aubagne, in the 141st Alpine Infantry Battalion. Promoted to senior corporal, he became the appointed artist of the regiment and drew illustrations and posters for the army. First works[edit] The following year, he illustrated the book The Girl with The Eyes of Gold and returned to New York. On his arrival Goscinny went through the most difficult period of his life. For a while, he was jobless, alone and totally broke. By 1948, though, he recovered and started working in a small studio where he became friends with future MAD Magazine contributors Will Elder, Jack Davis and Harvey Kurtzman.[3] Goscinny then became art director at Kunen Publishers where he wrote four books for children. Around this time he met two Belgian comic artists, Joseph Gillain, better known as Jijé, and Maurice de Bevere, aka Morris, the cartoonist and author of the series Lucky Luke
Lucky Luke
(which Goscinny would write from 1955 to his death in 1977).[3] Georges Troisfontaines, chief of the World Press agency, convinced Goscinny to return to Paris
Paris
and work for his agency as the head of the Paris
Paris
office in 1951. There he met Albert Uderzo, with whom he started a longtime collaboration.[3][4] They started out with some work for Bonnes Soirées, a women's magazine for which Goscinny wrote Sylvie. Goscinny and Uderzo also launched the series Jehan Pistolet and Luc Junior in La Libre Junior. In 1955, Goscinny, together with Uderzo, Jean-Michel Charlier, and Jean Hébrad, founded the syndicate Edipress/Edifrance. The syndicate launched publications like Clairon for the factory union and Pistolin for a chocolate company. Goscinny and Uderzo cooperated on the series Bill Blanchart in Jeannot, Pistolet in Pistolin and Benjamin et Benjamine in the magazine of the same name. Under the pseudonym Agostini, Goscinny wrote Le Petit Nicolas
Le Petit Nicolas
for Jean-Jacques Sempé
Jean-Jacques Sempé
in Le Moustique and later Sud-Ouest and Pilote magazines. In 1956, Goscinny began a collaboration with Tintin magazine. He wrote some short stories for Jo Angenot and Albert Weinberg, and worked on Signor Spaghetti with Dino Attanasio, Monsieur Tric with Bob de Moor, Prudence Petitpas with Maurice Maréchal, Globul le Martien and Alphonse with Tibet, Strapontin with Berck and Modeste et Pompon
Modeste et Pompon
with André Franquin. An early creation with Uderzo, Oumpah-pah, was also adapted for serial publication in Tintin from 1958-1962.[5] In addition, Goscinny appeared in the magazines Paris-Flirt (Lili Manequin with Will) and Vaillant (Boniface et Anatole with Jordom, Pipsi with Godard). Pilote and Astérix[edit] In 1959, the Édifrance/Édipresse syndicate started the Franco-Belgian comics
Franco-Belgian comics
magazine Pilote.[6] Goscinny became one of the most productive writers for the magazine. In the magazine's first issue, he launched his most famous creation, Astérix, with Uderzo. The series was an instant hit and remains popular worldwide. Goscinny also restarted the series Le Petit Nicolas
Le Petit Nicolas
and Jehan Pistolet, now called Jehan Soupolet. Goscinny also began Jacquot le Mousse and Tromblon et Bottaclou with Godard. The magazine was bought by Georges Dargaud in 1960, and Goscinny became editor-in-chief. He also began new series like Les Divagations de Monsieur Sait-Tout (with Martial), La Potachologie Illustrée (with Cabu), Les Dingodossiers
Les Dingodossiers
(with Gotlib) and La Forêt de Chênebeau (with Mic Delinx). With Tabary, he launched Calife Haroun El Poussah in Record, a series that was later continued in Pilote as Iznogoud. With Raymond Macherot he created Pantoufle for Spirou. Family[edit] Goscinny married Gilberte Pollaro-Millo in 1967. In 1968 their daughter Anne Goscinny, who also became an author, was born. Death[edit]

René Goscinny's tombstone in Nice (F)

Goscinny died at 51, in Paris
Paris
of cardiac arrest on 5 November 1977, during a routine stress test at his doctor's office.[7] He was buried in the Jewish Cemetery of Nice. In accordance with his will, most of his money was transferred to the chief rabbinate of France. After Goscinny's death, Uderzo began to write Asterix
Asterix
himself and continued the series, although at a much slower pace, until passing the series over in 2011 to Jean-Yves Ferri
Jean-Yves Ferri
(script) and Didier Conrad (art). Tabary
Tabary
similarly began to write Iznogoud himself, whereas Morris continued Lucky Luke
Lucky Luke
with various other writers. In a tribute to Goscinny, Uderzo gave his likeness to one of the characters in L'Odyssée d' Astérix
Astérix
(" Asterix
Asterix
and the Black Gold"). Awards[edit]

1974: Adamson Award for best international comic strip artist, Sweden 2005: Inducted in the Will Eisner Hall of Fame as a Judges' choice, U.S.

Since 1996, the René Goscinny
René Goscinny
Award is presented at the yearly Angoulême International Comics Festival
Angoulême International Comics Festival
in France
France
as an encouragement for young comic writers. According to UNESCO's Index Translationum, Goscinny, as of August 2017, was the 20th most-translated author, with 2,200 translations of his work.[8] Bibliography[edit]

Series Years Magazine Albums Editor Artist

Lucky Luke 1955–19770 Spirou and Pilote 38 Dupuis and Dargaud0 Morris

Modeste et Pompon0[a] 1955–1958 Tintin 02 Lombard André Franquin

Prudence Petitpas 1957–1959 Tintin

Lombard Maurice Maréchal0

Signor Spaghetti 1957–1965 Tintin 15 Lombard Dino Attanasio

Oumpah-pah 1958–1962 Tintin 03 Lombard Albert Uderzo

Strapontin 1958–1964 Tintin 04 Lombard Berck

Astérix 1959–1977 Pilote 24 Dargaud Albert Uderzo

Le Petit Nicolas 1959–1965 Pilote 05 Denoël Sempé

Iznogoud 1962–1977 Record and Pilote0 14 Dargaud Jean Tabary

Les Dingodossiers 1965–1967 Pilote 03 Dargaud Gotlib

a.   ^ As part of a writers' team coming up with gags. The series Lucky Luke, Modeste et Pompon, Asterix
Asterix
and Iznogoud were continued by other writers after Goscinny's death.

Notes[edit]

^ Garcia, Laure. "Uderzo, le dernier Gaulois". Le Nouvel Observateur (in French).  ^ According to Yeruham Eniss the village had a soap factory that supplied the large Jewish community of nearby Chortkow with jobs selling and trading in soap. A census made in the late 1930s counted 3670 Jewish families in Khodorkov before WWII (ShtetLinks website) ^ a b c d Lambiek Comiclopedia. "René Goscinny".  ^ Lagardère. "Release of the 33rd Asterix
Asterix
volume".  ^ Asterix
Asterix
International!. "Albert Uderzo".  ^ BDoubliées. " Pilote année 1959" (in French).  ^ "Le gag raté de Goscinny : mourir d'un arrêt du cœur chez son cardiologue". Sciences et Avenir (in French).  ^ UNESCO
UNESCO
Statistics. " Index Translationum
Index Translationum
- "TOP 50" Author". Official website of UNESCO. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Retrieved 12 August 2017. 

References[edit]

Goscinny publications in Pilote, Spirou, French Tintin and Belgian Tintin BDoubliées (in French) Goscinny albums Bedetheque (in French)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to René Goscinny.

Goscinny official site (in French) Astérix
Astérix
official site On Dupuis.com Goscinny biography on Asterix
Asterix
International! Goscinny biography on Lambiek Comiclopedia Daughter Ann lighting Hanuka candles with family. René Goscinny
René Goscinny
on IMDb

v t e

Asterix

Comic books

Goscinny and Uderzo

Asterix
Asterix
the Gaul The Golden Sickle The Goths The Gladiator The Banquet Cleopatra The Big Fight In Britain The Normans The Legionary The Chieftain's Shield Olympic Games The Cauldron In Spain The Roman Agent In Switzerland The Mansions of the Gods The Laurel Wreath The Soothsayer In Corsica Caesar's Gift The Great Crossing Obelix and Co. In Belgium

Uderzo alone

The Great Divide The Black Gold Asterix
Asterix
and Son The Magic Carpet The Secret Weapon Asterix
Asterix
and Obelix All at Sea The Actress The Falling Sky

Ferri and Conrad

The Picts The Missing Scroll The Chariot Race

Other books

Asterix
Asterix
Conquers Rome The Class Act Asterix
Asterix
and Obelix's Birthday: The Golden Book Astérix
Astérix
et ses Amis How Obelix Fell into the Magic Potion When he was a Little Boy

Films

Animated

Asterix
Asterix
the Gaul Asterix
Asterix
and Cleopatra The Twelve Tasks of Asterix Asterix
Asterix
Versus Caesar Asterix
Asterix
in Britain Asterix
Asterix
and the Big Fight Asterix
Asterix
Conquers America Asterix
Asterix
and the Vikings Asterix: The Mansions of the Gods

Live-action

Asterix
Asterix
& Obelix Take On Caesar Asterix
Asterix
& Obelix: Mission Cleopatra Asterix
Asterix
at the Olympic Games Asterix
Asterix
and Obelix: God Save Britannia

Video games

Asterix
Asterix
(1983) Asterix
Asterix
and the Magic Carpet Asterix
Asterix
(1991) Asterix
Asterix
(1992, arcade) Asterix
Asterix
(1993) Asterix
Asterix
and the Great Rescue Asterix
Asterix
and the Power of the Gods Asterix
Asterix
& Obelix Mega Madness Asterix
Asterix
& Obelix XXL Asterix
Asterix
& Obelix XXL 2: Mission: Las Vegum Asterix
Asterix
& Obelix XXL 2: Mission: Wifix Asterix
Asterix
at the Olympic Games

Characters

Asterix Obelix Dogmatix

Related articles

Parc Astérix Asterix
Asterix
on postage stamps English translations of Asterix Oumpah-pah
Oumpah-pah
le Peau-Rouge

v t e

Honorary César

1976–2000

Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1976) Diana Ross
Diana Ross
(1976) Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
(1977) Jacques Tati
Jacques Tati
(1977) Robert Dorfmann (1978) René Goscinny
René Goscinny
(1978) Marcel Carné
Marcel Carné
(1979) Charles Vanel
Charles Vanel
(1979) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1979) Pierre Braunberger (1980) Louis de Funès
Louis de Funès
(1980) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1980) Marcel Pagnol
Marcel Pagnol
(1981) Alain Resnais (1981) Georges Dancigers (1982) Alexandre Mnouchkine (1982) Jean Nény (1982) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1982) Raimu
Raimu
(1983) René Clément
René Clément
(1984) Georges de Beauregard (1984) Edwige Feuillère
Edwige Feuillère
(1984) Christian-Jaque (1985) Danielle Darrieux
Danielle Darrieux
(1985) Christine Gouze-Rénal (1985) Alain Poiré (1985) Maurice Jarre
Maurice Jarre
(1986) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1986) Jean Delannoy
Jean Delannoy
(1986) René Ferracci (1986) Claude Lanzmann
Claude Lanzmann
(1986) Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
(1987) Serge Silberman (1988) Bernard Blier
Bernard Blier
(1989) Paul Grimault
Paul Grimault
(1989) Gérard Philipe
Gérard Philipe
(1990) Jean-Pierre Aumont
Jean-Pierre Aumont
(1991) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1991) Michèle Morgan
Michèle Morgan
(1992) Sylvester Stallone
Sylvester Stallone
(1992) Jean Marais
Jean Marais
(1993) Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
(1993) Gérard Oury
Gérard Oury
(1993) Jean Carmet
Jean Carmet
(1994) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1995) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1995) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1995) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1996) Henri Verneuil
Henri Verneuil
(1996) Charles Aznavour
Charles Aznavour
(1997) Andie MacDowell
Andie MacDowell
(1997) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(1998) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1998) Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
(1998) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1999) Johnny Depp
Johnny Depp
(1999) Jean Rochefort
Jean Rochefort
(1999) Josiane Balasko
Josiane Balasko
(2000) Georges Cravenne
Georges Cravenne
(2000) Jean-Pierre Léaud
Jean-Pierre Léaud
(2000) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2000)

2001–present

Darry Cowl (2001) Charlotte Rampling
Charlotte Rampling
(2001) Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
(2001) Anouk Aimée
Anouk Aimée
(2002) Jeremy Irons
Jeremy Irons
(2002) Claude Rich
Claude Rich
(2002) Bernadette Lafont
Bernadette Lafont
(2003) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
(2003) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2003) Micheline Presle
Micheline Presle
(2004) Jacques Dutronc
Jacques Dutronc
(2005) Will Smith
Will Smith
(2005) Hugh Grant
Hugh Grant
(2006) Pierre Richard
Pierre Richard
(2006) Marlène Jobert
Marlène Jobert
(2007) Jude Law
Jude Law
(2007) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(2008) Roberto Benigni
Roberto Benigni
(2008) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(2009) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2010) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2011) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2012) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(2013) Scarlett Johansson
Scarlett Johansson
(2014) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2015) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2016) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2017) Penélope Cruz
Penélope Cruz
(2018)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 22142570 LCCN: n50034712 ISNI: 0000 0001 2123 5579 GND: 118718215 SELIBR: 188477 SUDOC: 026897717 BNF: cb11905455f (data) MusicBrainz: 2c32fd52-1a18-4cfc-9b59-733f1b5373a2 NDL: 00441375 NKC: jn20000602144 BNE: XX1022611 RKD: 232345 SN

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