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Rein Taagepera
Rein Taagepera
(born 28 February 1933) is an Estonian political scientist and former politician.

Contents

1 Education 2 Political career 3 Scholarly works

3.1 Key Publications

4 Recognition 5 Notes 6 External links

Education[edit] Born in Tartu, Estonia, Taagepera fled from occupied Estonia
Estonia
in 1944. Taagepera graduated from high school in Marrakech, Morocco
Morocco
and then studied physics in Canada
Canada
and the United States. He received a Ph.D. from the University of Delaware
University of Delaware
in 1965. Working in industry until 1970, he received another M.A. in international relations in 1969 and switched to academe as a political scientist at the University of California, Irvine, where he stayed for his entire American career. Political career[edit] Taagepera served as President of the Association for the Advancement of Baltic Studies from 1986 until 1988. In 1991, he returned to Estonia
Estonia
as the founding dean of a new School of Social Sciences at the University of Tartu, which merged into a full-fledged faculty in 1994, and where he also became Professor of Political Science (1994–1998). In 1991, he was a member of the Estonian Constitutional Assembly, and in 1992, he ran as a presidential candidate against Arnold Rüütel (3rd President of the Republic of Estonia, 2001–2006), and Lennart Meri (2nd President of the Republic of Estonia, 1992–2001), who won the election. Taagepera came in third with 23% of the popular vote. Later Taagepera admitted that one of the reasons why he ran, despite having little chance to win, was to take away votes from Rüütel and thus help Meri rise to the presidency. In 2003, Taagepera agreed to serve for half a year as the founding chairman of a new political party, Res Publica, which won the general elections that year and lead the governing coalition under Prime Minister Juhan Parts
Juhan Parts
until April 2005. Taagepera tried to hold the party more or less in the middle of the spectrum (Taagepera even suggested he was centre-left politician). In 2005, Taagepera resigned his Res Publica membership, frustrated with the party's leadership style and move to the right (refer to his essay, Meteoric trajectory). In April 2006, Res Publica decided to merge with the national-conservative Pro Patria Union party. Scholarly works[edit] Taagepera's theoretical scholarly work, which mainly deals with electoral systems, is heavily quantitative and modelling in character and strongly informed by the epistemology of his previous field, physics. The quantitative approach is also his general attitude towards political science as a scholarly discipline. He recently systhematized numerous contributions in electoral systems theory into a general, quantitative theoretical framework, exposed in the volume Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems (2007). Taagepera's original epistemological and methodological approach, defined as logical quantitative modeling, is systematically presented in the recent volume Making Social Sciences More Scientific. The Need for Predictive Models (2008). Of special interest is his research in the World System hyperbolic growth.[1] Apart from the quantitative study of electoral and party systems, Taagepera has also published several studies of Estonian and Baltic history, politics, and culture. These latter, on the other hand, are more personal and take strong normative positions. Taagepera has also written award-winning pieces of prose (most notably Livland-Leaveland in 1990. It was awarded the Tuglas Prize
Tuglas Prize
in the same year). Key Publications[edit]

Seats and Votes: The Effects and Determinants of Electoral Systems, 1989, co-author Estonia: Return to independence, 1993 The Baltic States: Years of Dependence, 1940-1990, 2nd edn. 1993, co-author ISBN 0-520-08228-1 The Finno-Ugric republics and the Russian state, 1999 "Meteoric trajectory: The Res Publica Party
Res Publica Party
in Estonia" (2006), Democratization 13(1): 78-94. the original conference paper as pdf file This essay gives a moderately candid account of Taagepera's Res Publica chairmanship and his evaluation of the party and its rise and fall. Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems, 2007 ISBN 0-19-928774-0 Making Social Sciences More Scientific. The Need for Predictive Models, 2008 ISBN 0-19-953466-7 Parsimonious model for predicting mean cabinet duration on the basis of electoral system (with Allan Sikk), Party Politics, 2010.

Recognition[edit] Taagepera received the American Political Science Association's Hallett (1999) and Longley (2003) Awards as well as the Estonian National Science Prize, Social Science Category (1999) and the 2008 Johan Skytte Prize in Political Science. Notes[edit]

^ Taagepera, Rein (1976) Crisis around 2005 A.D.? A technology-population interaction model. General Systems 21, 137-138; Taagepera, Rein (1979) People, skills, and resources: An interaction model for world population growth. Technological Forecasting and Social Change 13, 13-30.

External links[edit]

Rein Taagepera's profile in the University of California - Irvine website Rein Taagepera's profile in the University of Tartu
Tartu
website

v t e

Recipients of the Johan Skytte Prize in Political Science

1995 Robert A. Dahl 1996 Juan José Linz 1997 Arend Lijphart 1998 Alexander L. George 1999 Elinor Ostrom 2000 Fritz W. Scharpf 2001 Brian Barry 2002 Sidney Verba 2003 Hanna Pitkin 2004 Jean Blondel 2005 Robert Keohane 2006 Robert D. Putnam 2007 Theda Skocpol 2008 Rein Taagepera 2009 Philippe C. Schmitter 2010 Adam Przeworski 2011 Ronald Inglehart
Ronald Inglehart
/ Pippa Norris 2012 Carole Pateman 2013 Robert Axelrod 2014 David Collier 2015 Francis Fukuyama 2016 Jon Elster 2017 Amartya Sen

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 56703521 ISNI: 0000 0001 2134 2323 SUDOC: 033558019 BNF: cb12441423z (data) SN

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