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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Reims
Reims
(/riːmz/; also spelled Rheims; French: [ʁɛ̃s]), a city in the Grand Est
Grand Est
region of France, lies 129 km (80 mi) east-northeast of Paris. The 2013 census recorded 182,592 inhabitants (Rémoises (feminine) and Rémois (masculine)) in the city of Reims proper (the commune), and 317,611 inhabitants in the metropolitan area (aire urbaine). Its river, the Vesle, is a tributary of the Aisne. Founded by the Gauls, it became a major city during the period of the Roman Empire.[1] Reims
Reims
played a prominent ceremonial role in French monarchical history as the traditional site of the crowning of the kings of France. The Cathedral of Reims
Reims
(damaged by the Germans
Germans
during the First World War
First World War
but restored since) housed the Holy Ampulla (Sainte Ampoule) containing the Saint Chrême (chrism), allegedly brought by a white dove (the Holy Spirit) at the baptism of Clovis in 496. It was used for the anointing, the most important part of the coronation of French kings.

Contents

1 Administration 2 History 3 Sights

3.1 Streets and squares 3.2 Gallo-Roman
Gallo-Roman
antiquities 3.3 Cathedral of Notre-Dame de Reims 3.4 Palace of Tau 3.5 Saint Remi
Remi
Basilica 3.6 Forts 3.7 Monument to the Black Army of Reims 3.8 Other buildings

4 Transport 5 Wine 6 Climate 7 Sport 8 Notable residents 9 Higher education 10 International relations

10.1 Twin towns – sister cities

11 See also 12 References 13 Bibliography 14 External links

Administration[edit] Reims
Reims
functions as a subprefecture of the department of Marne, in the administrative region of Grand Est. Although Reims
Reims
is by far the largest commune in its department, Châlons-en-Champagne
Châlons-en-Champagne
is the prefecture. History[edit] See also: Timeline of Reims For the ecclesiastical history, see Archbishopric of Reims.

Saint Remigius, Bishop of Reims, begging of Clovis the restitution of the Sacred Vase taken by the Franks in the pillage of Soissons. — Costumes of the court of Burgundy in the 15th century. — Facsimile of a miniature in a manuscript of the History of the Emperors (Library of the Arsenal).

A month after Blériot's crossing of the English Channel in a biplane, the aviation week in Reims
Reims
(August 1909) caught special attention.

Before the Roman conquest of northern Gaul, Reims, founded circa 80 BC as *Durocorteron ("round fortress"; in Latin: Durocortōrum), served as the capital of the tribe of the Remi
Remi
— whose name the town would subsequently echo. In the course of Julius Caesar's conquest of Gaul
Gaul
(58–51 BC), the Remi
Remi
allied themselves with the Romans, and by their fidelity throughout the various Gallic insurrections secured the special favour of the imperial power. At its height in Roman times the city had a population in the range of 30,000 - 50,000 or perhaps up to 100,000.[2] Christianity had become established in the city by 260, at which period Saint Sixtus of Reims founded the bishopric of Reims. The consul Jovinus, an influential supporter of the new faith, repelled the Alamanni
Alamanni
who invaded Champagne in 336; but the Vandals
Vandals
captured the city in 406 and slew Bishop Nicasius; and in 451 Attila the Hun put Reims
Reims
to fire and sword. In 496 – ten years after Clovis, King of the Salian Franks, won his victory at Soissons
Soissons
(486) — Remigius, the bishop of Reims, baptized him using the oil of the sacred phial – purportedly brought from heaven by a dove for the baptism of Clovis and subsequently preserved in the Abbey of Saint-Remi. For centuries the events at the crowning of Clovis I
Clovis I
became a symbol used by the monarchy to claim the divine right to rule. Meetings of Pope Stephen II
Pope Stephen II
(752–757) with Pepin the Short, and of Pope Leo III (795–816) with Charlemagne
Charlemagne
(died 814), took place at Reims; and here Pope Stephen IV
Pope Stephen IV
crowned Louis the Debonnaire in 816. Louis IV gave the city and countship of Reims
Reims
to the archbishop Artaldus in 940. Louis VII (reigned 1137–1180) gave the title of duke and peer to William of Champagne, archbishop from 1176 to 1202, and the archbishops of Reims
Reims
took precedence over the other ecclesiastical peers of the realm. By the 10th century Reims
Reims
had become a centre of intellectual culture. Archbishop Adalberon (in office 969 to 988), seconded by the monk Gerbert (afterwards (from 999 to 1003) Pope Silvester II), founded schools which taught the classical "liberal arts". (Adalberon also played a leading role in the dynastic revolution which elevated the Capetian dynasty
Capetian dynasty
in the place of the Carolingians.) The archbishops held the important prerogative of the consecration of the kings of France
France
– a privilege which they exercised (except in a few cases) from the time of Philippe II Augustus
Augustus
(anointed 1179, reigned 1180–1223) to that of Charles X (anointed 1825). Louis VII granted the city a communal charter in 1139. The Treaty of Troyes (1420) ceded it to the English, who had made a futile attempt to take it by siege in 1360; but French patriots expelled them on the approach of Joan of Arc, who in 1429 had Charles VII consecrated in the cathedral. Louis XI cruelly suppressed a revolt at Reims, caused in 1461 by the salt tax. During the French Wars of Religion
French Wars of Religion
the city sided with the Catholic League (1585), but submitted to Henri IV after the battle of Ivry (1590). In the invasions of the War of the Sixth Coalition
War of the Sixth Coalition
in 1814, anti-Napoleonic allied armies captured and re-captured Reims; in 1870–1871, during the Franco-Prussian War, the victorious Germans made it the seat of a governor-general and impoverished it with heavy requisitions. In August 1909 Reims
Reims
hosted the first international aviation meet, the Grande Semaine d'Aviation de la Champagne. Major aviation personages such as Glenn Curtiss, Louis Blériot
Louis Blériot
and Louis Paulhan
Louis Paulhan
participated. Hostilities in World War I
World War I
greatly damaged the city. German bombardment and a subsequent fire in 1914 did severe damage to the cathedral. The ruined cathedral became one of the central images of anti-German propaganda produced in France
France
during the war, which presented it, along with the ruins of the Cloth Hall at Ypres
Ypres
and the University Library in Louvain, as evidence that German aggression targeted cultural landmarks of European civilization.

German surrender of 7 May 1945 in Reims. (Top) – German officers sign unconditional surrender in Reims. (Bottom) – Allied force leaders at the signing.

From the end of World War I
World War I
to the present day[update] an international effort to restore the cathedral from the ruins has continued. The Palace of Tau, St Jacques Church and the Abbey of St Remi
Remi
also were protected[by whom?] and restored. The collection of preserved buildings and Roman ruins remains monumentally impressive.

Interior of St Jacques, 1907.

During World War II
World War II
the city suffered additional damage. But in Reims, at 2:41 on the morning of 7 May 1945, General Eisenhower and the Allies received the unconditional surrender of the German Wehrmacht. General Alfred Jodl, German Chief-of-Staff, signed the surrender at the Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF) as the representative for German President Karl Dönitz. The British statesman Leslie Hore-Belisha
Leslie Hore-Belisha
died of a cerebral haemorrhage while making a speech at the Reims
Reims
hôtel de ville (city hall) in February 1957. Sights[edit]

Façade of Notre-Dame de Reims

Streets and squares[edit]

Place Drouet d'Erlon in Reims

The principal squares of Reims
Reims
include the Place Royale, with a statue of Louis XV, and the Place Cardinal-Luçon, with an equestrian statue of Joan of Arc. The Rue de Vesle, the main commercial street (continued under other names), traverses the city from southwest to northeast, passing through the Place Royale. Restaurants and bars are concentrated around Place Drouet d'Erlon in the city centre. Gallo-Roman
Gallo-Roman
antiquities[edit] The oldest monument in Reims, the Porte de Mars
Porte de Mars
("Mars Gate", so called from a temple to Mars in the neighbourhood), a triumphal arch 108 feet in length by 43 in height, consists of three archways flanked by columns. Popular tradition tells that the Remi
Remi
erected it in honour of Augustus
Augustus
when Agrippa made the great roads terminating at the city, but it probably belongs to the 3rd or 4th century. The Mars Gate was one of 4 Roman gates to the city walls, which were restored[by whom?] at the time of the Norman Invasion of northern France
France
in the 9th century. In its vicinity a curious mosaic, measuring 36 feet by 26, with thirty-five medallions representing animals and gladiators, was discovered in 1860. Note too the Gallo-Roman
Gallo-Roman
sarcophagus, allegedly that of the 4th-century consul Jovinus, preserved in the archaeological museum in the cloister of the abbey of Saint-Remi. Cathedral of Notre-Dame de Reims[edit] Main article: Notre-Dame de Reims

Chalice

Douay-Rheims Bible
Douay-Rheims Bible
(1582)

Interior of Cathedral of Notre-Dame de Reims

Many people know Reims
Reims
for its cathedral, Notre-Dame de Reims, formerly the place of coronation of the kings of France. The cathedral became a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
in 1991, along with the former Abbey of Saint- Remi
Remi
and the Palace of Tau. Palace of Tau[edit] Main article: Palace of Tau The archiepiscopal palace, built between 1498 and 1509, and in part rebuilt in 1675, served as the residence of the kings of France
France
on the occasion of their coronations. The salon (salle du Tau), where the royal banquet took place, has an immense stone chimney that dates from the 15th century. The chapel of the archiepiscopal palace consists of two storeys, of which the upper still (as of 2009[update]) serves as a place of worship. Both the chapel and the salle du Tau have decorative tapestries of the 17th century, known as the Perpersack tapestries, after the Flemish weaver who executed them. The palace opened to the public in 1972 as a museum containing such exhibits as statues formerly displayed by the cathedral, treasures of the cathedral from past centuries, and royal attire from coronations of French kings. Saint Remi
Remi
Basilica[edit]

Façade of Basilica
Basilica
St. Remi

Saint Remi
Remi
Basilica, about a mile from the Cathedral of Notre Dame of Reims, takes its name from the fifth-century Saint Remi, revered as the patron saint of the inhabitants of Reims
Reims
for more than fifteen centuries. The basilica approaches the cathedral in size. Adjacent to the basilica stands an important abbey, formerly known as the Royal Abbey of St Remi. The abbey sought to trace its heritage back to St Remi, while the present abbey building dates back to the 17th and 18th centuries. The Saint Remi
Remi
Basilica
Basilica
dates from the 11th, 12th, 13th and 15th centuries. Most of the construction of the church finished in the 11th century, with additions made later. The nave and transepts, Gothic in style, date mainly from the earliest, the façade of the south transept from the latest of those periods, the choir and apse chapels from the 12th and 13th centuries. The 17th and 19th centuries saw further additions. The building suffered greatly in World War I, and the meticulous restoration work of architect Henri Deneux (fr) rebuilt it from its ruins over the following 40 years. As of 2009[update] it remains the seat of an active Catholic parish holding regular worship services and welcoming pilgrims. It has been classified as an historical monument since 1841 and is one of the pinnacles of the history of art and of the history of France. Several royal and archepiscopal figures lie buried in the basilica, but in unidentified graves. They include:

Carloman King of the Franks (751–771; reigned 768–771), the brother of Charlemagne Queen Frederonne (died 917), wife of Charles III (879–929) Gerberga of Saxony
Gerberga of Saxony
(910–984), wife of Louis IV (King of Western Francia from 936 to 954) Henri d'Orléans (died about 1653) Lothair I, (941–986), King of Western Francia from 954 to 986 Louis IV (King of Western Francia from 936 to 954)

Inside of Basilica
Basilica
St. Remi

The public can visit the abbey building, now[update] the Saint-Remi Museum. The abbey closed in the wake of the French Revolution
French Revolution
(the government had all French monasteries dissolved in February 1790). The museum exhibits include tapestries from the 16th century donated by the archbishop Robert de Lenoncourt (uncle of the cardinal of the same name), marble capitals from the fourth century AD, furniture, jewellery, pottery, weapons and glasswork from the sixth to eighth centuries, medieval sculpture, the façade of the 13th-century musicians' House, remnants from an earlier abbey building, and also exhibits of Gallo-Roman
Gallo-Roman
arts and crafts and a room of pottery, jewellery and weapons from Gallic civilization, as well as an exhibit of items from the Palaeolithic to the Neolithic periods. Another section of the museum features a permanent military exhibition. Forts[edit] In 1874 the construction of a chain of detached forts started in the vicinity, the French Army
French Army
having selected Reims
Reims
as one of the chief defences of the northern approaches to Paris. Atop the ridge of St Thierry stands a fort of the same name, which with the neighbouring work of Chenay closes the west side of the place. To the north the hill of Brimont
Brimont
has three works guarding the Laon
Laon
railway and the Aisne
Aisne
canal. Farther east, on the old Roman road, stands the Fort
Fort
de Fresnes. Due east, the hills of Arnay are crowned with five large and important works which cover the approaches from the upper Aisne. Fort de la Pompelle, which hosts a World War I
World War I
museum featuring a rich collection of German uniforms, and Montbré
Montbré
close the southeast side, and the Falaise hills on the southwest are open and unguarded. The perimeter of the defences measures just under 22 miles, and the forts are at a mean distance of 6 miles (10 km) from the centre of the city. Monument to the Black Army of Reims[edit] The original monument was erected in 1924 where the Boulevard Henry Vasnier meets the Avenue du Général Giraud. The first stone was placed by André Maginot, Minister of War on 29 October 1922. This ceremony was also addressed by Blaise Diagne, the Senegalese political leader. In July 1924 the monument was inaugurated with a Military and Sports fete presided over by Édouard Daladier, the Minister of the colonies. General Louis Archinard
Louis Archinard
was the president of the committee that supervised the erection of the monument, highlighting the role of African troops of the 1st Colonial Infantry Corps in the defense of Reims
Reims
from the German Army in 1918. They were particularly renowned for their tenacious defence of Fort
Fort
de la Pompelle. 10,000 people attended the fete which was held immediately following the inauguration. The original monument, consisting of five figures, was a replica of a similar monument erected in Bamako, Mali
Mali
in January 1924. The monument was dismantled during the German occupation in September 1940. In September 1958, on the occasion of the fortieth anniversary of the Defence of Reims, a new monument was started. This was completed in time for a second inauguration ceremony on 6 October 1963, with Pierre Messmer, Minister of Armies, Jean Sainteny, Minister of veterans, Jacques Foccart, secretary general of the Communauté et les affaires africaines et malgaches, and General Georges Catroux, grand chancellor of the Légion d'honneur. In 2008, on the occasion of the ninetieth anniversary of the defence of Reims, a major ceremony was held in remembrance of the Black Army of Reims, attended by Jean-Marie Bockel, Rama Yade
Rama Yade
and Adeline Hazan.[3] Other buildings[edit] See also: Château de Condé

Paris door, Reims

Reims
Reims
in 1916

The Church of St Jacques dates from the 13th to the 16th centuries. A few blocks from the cathedral, it stands as of 2009[update] in a neighborhood of shopping and restaurants. What remains of the Abbey of St. Denis has become a Fine Arts Museum. The old College of the Jesuits
Jesuits
also survives as a museum. The churches of St Maurice (partly rebuilt in 1867), St André, and St Thomas (erected from 1847 to 1853, under the patronage of Cardinal Gousset, now buried within its walls) also draw tourists. The Temple protestant de Reims
Temple protestant de Reims
was designed by Charles Letrosne in a flamboyant neo-Gothic style. Originally the walls were lavishly decorated in Art Deco
Art Deco
style by Gustave Louis Jaulmes, but in 1973 the walls were painted white, giving an austere appearance.[4] The Foujita Chapel
Foujita Chapel
(1966), designed and decorated by the Japanese School of Paris
School of Paris
artist Tsuguharu Foujita, became famed for its frescos. It was listed as an historic monument in 1992.[5] The city hall (hôtel de ville), erected in the 17th century and enlarged in the 19th, features a pediment with an equestrian statue of Louis XIII (reigned 1610 to 1643). The Surrender Museum is the building in which on 7 May 1945, General Eisenhower and the Allies received the unconditional surrender of the German Wehrmacht. The Carnegie library, the former public library built with money donated by Andrew Carnegie
Andrew Carnegie
to the city of Reims
Reims
after World War I, is a remarkable example of Art Deco
Art Deco
in France. Transport[edit] Reims
Reims
is served by two main railway stations: Gare de Reims
Gare de Reims
in the city centre, the hub for regional transport, and the new Gare de Champagne-Ardenne TGV 5 kilometres (3 miles) southwest of the city with high-speed rail connections to Paris, Metz, Nancy and Strasbourg. The motorways A4 (Paris-Strasbourg), A26 (Calais-Langres) and A34 intersect near Reims. Public transport within the city consists of buses and a tramway, the latter opened in 2011. Wine[edit] Reims, along with Épernay
Épernay
and Ay, functions as one of the centres of champagne production. Many of the largest champagne-producing houses, known as les grandes marques, have their headquarters in Reims, and most open for tasting and tours. Champagne ages in the many caves and tunnels under Reims, which form a sort of maze below the city. Carved from chalk, some of these passages date back to Roman times. Climate[edit]

Climate data for Reims
Reims
(1961–1990)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 16.6 (61.9) 21.6 (70.9) 24.0 (75.2) 29.4 (84.9) 31.7 (89.1) 35.4 (95.7) 37.7 (99.9) 37.3 (99.1) 33.0 (91.4) 27.5 (81.5) 20.0 (68) 16.7 (62.1) 37.7 (99.9)

Average high °C (°F) 4.9 (40.8) 6.9 (44.4) 10.2 (50.4) 13.9 (57) 18.1 (64.6) 21.4 (70.5) 23.8 (74.8) 23.4 (74.1) 20.3 (68.5) 15.4 (59.7) 9.2 (48.6) 5.9 (42.6) 14.5 (58.1)

Daily mean °C (°F) 2.3 (36.1) 3.4 (38.1) 6.0 (42.8) 8.9 (48) 12.7 (54.9) 15.9 (60.6) 17.9 (64.2) 17.7 (63.9) 14.9 (58.8) 11.0 (51.8) 6.0 (42.8) 3.2 (37.8) 10.0 (50)

Average low °C (°F) −0.4 (31.3) −0.1 (31.8) 1.8 (35.2) 3.8 (38.8) 7.3 (45.1) 10.4 (50.7) 12.0 (53.6) 11.9 (53.4) 9.5 (49.1) 6.6 (43.9) 2.8 (37) 0.5 (32.9) 5.5 (41.9)

Record low °C (°F) −22.3 (−8.1) −19.9 (−3.8) −10.8 (12.6) −5.5 (22.1) −2.1 (28.2) −0.4 (31.3) 3.1 (37.6) 2.0 (35.6) −0.7 (30.7) −6.6 (20.1) −11.5 (11.3) −19.6 (−3.3) −22.3 (−8.1)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 43.6 (1.717) 42.2 (1.661) 50.8 (2) 43.4 (1.709) 59.8 (2.354) 58.8 (2.315) 52.2 (2.055) 49.4 (1.945) 49.5 (1.949) 51.5 (2.028) 53.1 (2.091) 49.8 (1.961) 604.1 (23.783)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 10.7 9.2 10.9 9.8 9.9 9.3 7.8 7.9 8.2 8.9 10.3 10.3 113.2

Average snowy days 5.6 4.9 3.4 1.4 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.0 3.9 21.3

Average relative humidity (%) 88 84 80 77 78 78 76 77 81 86 88 88 81.8

Mean monthly sunshine hours 50.3 86.1 129.4 171.7 206.9 220.0 235.0 216.3 170.6 121.6 71.9 49.0 1,728.8

Source: Infoclimat.fr[6]

Sport[edit] Between 1925 and 1969 Reims
Reims
hosted the Grand Prix de la Marne automobile race at the circuit of Reims-Gueux. The French Grand Prix took place here 14 times between 1938 and 1966. As of 2016[update] the football club Stade Reims, based in the city, competed in the Ligue 1, the first-highest tier of French football. Stade Reims
Stade Reims
became the outstanding team of France
France
in the 1950s and early 1960s and reached the final of the European Cup of Champions twice in that era. The city has hosted the Reims Marathon
Reims Marathon
since 1984. Notable residents[edit] Those born in Reims
Reims
include:

Adolphe d'Archiac
Adolphe d'Archiac
(1802–1868), geologist and paleontologist Jean Baudrillard
Jean Baudrillard
(1929–2007), cultural theorist and philosopher Nicolas Bergier
Nicolas Bergier
(1567-1623), scholar of Roman roads Roger Caillois (1913–1978), intellectual Jean-Baptiste Colbert
Jean-Baptiste Colbert
(1619–1683), French minister of finance from 1665 to 1683 during the reign of King Louis XIV Eugène Courmeaux (fr) (1817–1902), librarian of Reims, fervent republican Jean-Baptiste Drouet, Count d'Erlon
Jean-Baptiste Drouet, Count d'Erlon
(1765–1844), marshal of France and a soldier in Napoleon's army Paul Fort
Fort
(1872–1960), poet Nicolas Eugène Géruzez (1799–1865), critic Pauline Ferrand-Prévot
Pauline Ferrand-Prévot
(born 1992), world champion cyclist Nicolas de Grigny
Nicolas de Grigny
(1672–1703), organist and composer Maurice Halbwachs
Maurice Halbwachs
(1877–1945), philosopher and sociologist Jean Lévesque de Burigny (1692-1785), historian Marie-Claire Jamet (born 1933), classical harpist Guillaume de Machaut
Guillaume de Machaut
(1300–1377), composer and poet (Machaut was most likely born in Reims
Reims
or nearby, and spent most of his adult life there)[7] Henri Marteau
Henri Marteau
(1874–1934), violinist and composer Merolilan of Rheims, Irish cleric Olivier Métra
Olivier Métra
(1830–1889), composer, conductor Maurice Pézard (1876–1923), archaeologist and assyriologist Robert Pirès
Robert Pirès
(born 1973), World Cup winner, footballer for Arsenal and for Villarreal CF Patrick Poivre d'Arvor
Patrick Poivre d'Arvor
(born 1947), television journalist and writer Jean-Baptiste de la Salle
Jean-Baptiste de la Salle
(1651–1719), Catholic saint, teacher and educational reformer Jules de Saint-Pol (1810-1855), general Émile Senart
Émile Senart
(1847–1928), indologist Adeline Wuillème (born 8 December 1975), foil fencer

Higher education[edit] The URCA (University of Reims
Reims
Champagne-ArdenneUniversité de Reims Champagne-Ardenne) was created in 1548. This multidisciplinary university develops innovative, fundamental and applied research. It provides more than 18 000 students in Reims
Reims
(22 000 in Champagne-Ardenne) with a wide initial undergraduate studies program which corresponds to society's needs in all domains of the knowledge. The university also accompanies independent or company backed students in continuing professional development training. The Institut d'Etudes politiques de Paris, the leading French university in social and political sciences, also known as Sciences Po, opened a new campus in the Collège des Jésuites de Reims (fr) in 2010. This Euro-American campus[8] will welcome more than 1500 students in 2015. In 2012 the first Reims
Reims
Model United Nations
Model United Nations
was launched, which gathered 200 international students from all the Sciences Po campuses. Daniel Rondeau, the ambassador of France
France
to UNESCO
UNESCO
and a French writer, is the patron of the event. NEOMA Business School (former Reims
Reims
Management School) is also one of the main schools in Reims. International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in France Twin towns – sister cities[edit] Reims
Reims
is twinned with:

 Florence, Italy (1954)  Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo
Republic of the Congo
(1961) Canterbury, United Kingdom (1962)[9][10]  Salzburg, Austria
Austria
(1964)  Aachen, Germany (1967)[11][12] Arlington County, Virginia, United States (2005) Kutná Hora, Czech Republic
Czech Republic
(2008) Nagoya, Japan
Japan
(2017)

See also[edit]

Archbishop of Reims Battle of Reims Biscuit rose de Reims Champagne (province) Champagne Champagne (wine region) Champagne Riots French wine Reims Aviation
Reims Aviation
(aircraft-maker)

References[edit]

^ "Reims," entry in Nouveau petit Larousse, 1971, p. 1638. ^ de Planhol, X.; Claval, P. (1994). An Historical Geography of France. Cambridge University Press. p. 47. ISBN 9780521322089. Retrieved 10 October 2014.  ^ "Le monument à l'Armée noire de Reims" (in French). Retrieved 11 November 2010.  ^ Guttinger, Philippe (2015). "Le temple protestant de Reims". Retrieved 4 July 2015.  ^ "French Culture Ministry: listing of the Foujita chapel". culture.gouv.fr. Retrieved 16 August 2015.  ^ "Normes et records 1961-1990: Reims-Champagne (51) - altitude 91m" (in French). Infoclimat. Retrieved December 31, 2015.  ^ Oxford Music Online ^ "Welcome Sciences Po - College Universitaire de Reims
Reims
- Campus Euro-Américain". college.sciences-po.fr. Retrieved 10 October 2014.  ^ "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 20 July 2013.  ^ Canterbury
Canterbury
City Council – Twinning contacts. Retrieved on 14 October 2009[permanent dead link]. Canterbury.gov.uk (1 March 2011). Retrieved on 25 August 2011. ^ Calderdale Council (2013). "Aachen: Twin towns: Calderdale Council". calderdale.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2013.  ^ en-db (2013). "Aachen, Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany – City, Town and Village of the world". en.db-city.com. Retrieved 3 January 2013. 

Attribution

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Reims". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Bibliography[edit] See also: Bibliography of the history of Reims External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons
has media related to: Reims
Reims
(category)

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Reims.

Official website (in French) Tourist office website – Official site for L'Office de Tourisme de Reims, (in English), (in French) Sciences Po Paris
Sciences Po Paris
– Euro-American campus of Reims Reims
Reims
Model United Nations Joan of Arc
Joan of Arc
and The Coronation
Coronation
Of Charles VII in Reims Joan of Arc's first letter to Reims
Reims
— translation by Allen Williamson of the letter dictated by Joan of Arc
Joan of Arc
to the city of Reims on 5 August 1429. Joan of Arc's second letter to Reims
Reims
— letter dictated by Joan of Arc to the city of Reims
Reims
on 16 March 1430, translated by Allen Williamson.

v t e

Communes of the department of Marne
Marne

Ablancourt Aigny Allemanche-Launay-et-Soyer Allemant Alliancelles Ambonnay Ambrières Anglure Angluzelles-et-Courcelles Anthenay Aougny Arcis-le-Ponsart Argers Arrigny Arzillières-Neuville Athis Aubérive Aubilly Aulnay-l'Aître Aulnay-sur-Marne Auménancourt Auve Avenay-Val-d'Or Avize Aÿ-Champagne Baconnes Bagneux Le Baizil Bannay Bannes Barbonne-Fayel Baslieux-lès-Fismes Baslieux-sous-Châtillon Bassu Bassuet Baudement Baye Bazancourt Beaumont-sur-Vesle Beaunay Beine-Nauroy Belval-en-Argonne Belval-sous-Châtillon Bergères-lès-Vertus Bergères-sous-Montmirail Berméricourt Berru Berzieux Bétheniville Bétheny Bethon Bettancourt-la-Longue Bezannes Bignicourt-sur-Marne Bignicourt-sur-Saulx Billy-le-Grand Binarville Binson-et-Orquigny Blacy Blaise-sous-Arzillières Blesme Bligny Boissy-le-Repos Bouchy-Saint-Genest Bouilly Bouleuse Boult-sur-Suippe Bourgogne-Fresne Boursault Bouvancourt Bouy Bouzy Brandonvillers Branscourt Braux-Sainte-Cohière Braux-Saint-Remy Bréban Breuil Le Breuil Breuvery-sur-Coole Brimont Brouillet Broussy-le-Grand Broussy-le-Petit Broyes Brugny-Vaudancourt Brusson Le Buisson Bussy-le-Château Bussy-le-Repos Bussy-Lettrée Caurel La Caure Cauroy-lès-Hermonville La Celle-sous-Chantemerle Cernay-en-Dormois Cernay-lès-Reims Cernon Chaintrix-Bierges Châlons-en-Champagne Châlons-sur-Vesle Chaltrait Chambrecy Chamery Champaubert Champfleury Champguyon Champigneul-Champagne Champigny Champillon Champlat-et-Boujacourt Champvoisy Changy Chantemerle Chapelaine La Chapelle-Felcourt La Chapelle-Lasson La Chapelle-sous-Orbais Charleville Charmont Les Charmontois Le Châtelier Châtelraould-Saint-Louvent Châtillon-sur-Broué Châtillon-sur-Marne Châtillon-sur-Morin Châtrices Chaudefontaine Chaumuzy La Chaussée-sur-Marne Chavot-Courcourt Le Chemin Cheminon Chenay Cheniers La Cheppe Cheppes-la-Prairie Chepy Cherville Chichey Chigny-les-Roses Chouilly Clamanges Clesles Cloyes-sur-Marne Coizard-Joches Compertrix Condé-sur-Marne Conflans-sur-Seine Congy Connantray-Vaurefroy Connantre Contault Coole Coolus Corbeil Corfélix Cormicy Cormontreuil Cormoyeux Corribert Corrobert Corroy Coulommes-la-Montagne Coupetz Coupéville Courcelles-Sapicourt Courcemain Courcy Courdemanges Courgivaux Courjeonnet Courlandon Courmas Courtagnon Courtémont Courthiézy Courtisols Courville Couvrot Cramant La Croix-en-Champagne Crugny Cuchery Cuis Cuisles Cumières Cuperly Damery Dampierre-au-Temple Dampierre-le-Château Dampierre-sur-Moivre Dizy Dommartin-Dampierre Dommartin-Lettrée Dommartin-sous-Hans Dommartin-Varimont Dompremy Dontrien Dormans Drosnay Drouilly Éclaires Écollemont Écriennes Écueil Écury-le-Repos Écury-sur-Coole Élise-Daucourt Épense Épernay Époye Escardes Esclavolles-Lurey Les Essarts-lès-Sézanne Les Essarts-le-Vicomte Esternay Étoges Étréchy Étrepy Euvy Fagnières Faux-Fresnay Faux-Vésigneul Faverolles-et-Coëmy Favresse Fèrebrianges Fère-Champenoise Festigny Fismes Flavigny Fleury-la-Rivière Florent-en-Argonne Fontaine-Denis-Nuisy Fontaine-en-Dormois Fontaine-sur-Ay La Forestière Francheville Le Fresne Frignicourt Fromentières Le Gault-Soigny Gaye Germaine Germigny Germinon Giffaumont-Champaubert Gigny-Bussy Gionges Givry-en-Argonne Givry-lès-Loisy Gizaucourt Glannes Gourgançon Les Grandes-Loges Granges-sur-Aube Gratreuil Grauves Gueux Hans Haussignémont Haussimont Hauteville Hautvillers Heiltz-le-Hutier Heiltz-l'Évêque Heiltz-le-Maurupt Hermonville Herpont Heutrégiville Hourges Huiron Humbauville Igny-Comblizy Isles-sur-Suippe Isle-sur-Marne Isse Les Istres-et-Bury Jâlons Janvilliers Janvry Joiselle Jonchery-sur-Suippe Jonchery-sur-Vesle Jonquery Jouy-lès-Reims Jussecourt-Minecourt Juvigny Lachy Lagery Landricourt Larzicourt Laval-sur-Tourbe Lavannes Lenharrée Leuvrigny Lhéry Lignon Linthelles Linthes Lisse-en-Champagne Livry-Louvercy Loisy-en-Brie Loisy-sur-Marne Loivre Ludes Luxémont-et-Villotte Maffrécourt Magenta Magneux Mailly-Champagne Mairy-sur-Marne Maisons-en-Champagne Malmy Mancy Marcilly-sur-Seine Mardeuil Mareuil-en-Brie Mareuil-le-Port Marfaux Margerie-Hancourt Margny Marigny Marolles Marsangis Marson Massiges Matignicourt-Goncourt Matougues Maurupt-le-Montois Mécringes Le Meix-Saint-Epoing Le Meix-Tiercelin Merfy Merlaut Méry-Prémecy Les Mesneux Le Mesnil-sur-Oger Minaucourt-le-Mesnil-lès-Hurlus Mœurs-Verdey Moiremont Moivre Moncetz-l'Abbaye Moncetz-Longevas Mondement-Montgivroux Montbré Montépreux Montgenost Monthelon Montigny-sur-Vesle Montmirail Montmort-Lucy Mont-sur-Courville Morangis Morsains Moslins Mourmelon-le-Grand Mourmelon-le-Petit Moussy Muizon Mutigny Nanteuil-la-Forêt Nesle-la-Reposte Nesle-le-Repons La Neuville-au-Pont La Neuville-aux-Bois La Neuville-aux-Larris Neuvy Nogent-l'Abbesse Noirlieu Norrois La Noue Nuisement-sur-Coole Œuilly Oger Ognes Oiry Olizy Omey Orbais-l'Abbaye Orconte Ormes Outines Outrepont Oyes Pargny-lès-Reims Pargny-sur-Saulx Passavant-en-Argonne Passy-Grigny Péas Les Petites-Loges Pévy Pierre-Morains Pierry Pleurs Plichancourt Plivot Pocancy Pogny Poilly Poix Pomacle Pontfaverger-Moronvilliers Ponthion Possesse Potangis Pouillon Pourcy Pringy Prosnes Prouilly Prunay Puisieulx Queudes Rapsécourt Recy Reims Reims-la-Brûlée Remicourt Reuil Reuves Réveillon Rieux Rilly-la-Montagne Les Rivières-Henruel Romain Romery Romigny Rosnay Rouffy Rouvroy-Ripont Sacy Saint-Amand-sur-Fion Saint-Bon Saint-Brice-Courcelles Saint-Chéron Sainte-Gemme Sainte-Marie-à-Py Sainte-Marie-du-Lac-Nuisement Sainte-Menehould Saint-Étienne-au-Temple Saint-Étienne-sur-Suippe Saint-Eulien Saint-Euphraise-et-Clairizet Saint-Germain-la-Ville Saint-Gibrien Saint-Gilles Saint-Hilaire-au-Temple Saint-Hilaire-le-Grand Saint-Hilaire-le-Petit Saint-Imoges Saint-Jean-devant-Possesse Saint-Jean-sur-Moivre Saint-Jean-sur-Tourbe Saint-Just-Sauvage Saint-Léonard Saint-Loup Saint-Lumier-en-Champagne Saint-Lumier-la-Populeuse Saint-Mard-lès-Rouffy Saint-Mard-sur-Auve Saint-Mard-sur-le-Mont Saint-Martin-aux-Champs Saint-Martin-d'Ablois Saint-Martin-l'Heureux Saint-Martin-sur-le-Pré Saint-Masmes Saint-Memmie Saint-Ouen-Domprot Saint-Pierre Saint-Quentin-le-Verger Saint-Quentin-les-Marais Saint-Quentin-sur-Coole Saint-Remy-en-Bouzemont-Saint-Genest-et-Isson Saint-Remy-sous-Broyes Saint-Remy-sur-Bussy Saint-Saturnin Saint-Souplet-sur-Py Saint-Thierry Saint-Thomas-en-Argonne Saint-Utin Saint-Vrain Sapignicourt Sarcy Saron-sur-Aube Sarry Saudoy Savigny-sur-Ardres Scrupt Selles Sept-Saulx Sermaize-les-Bains Sermiers Servon-Melzicourt Serzy-et-Prin Sézanne Sillery Sivry-Ante Sogny-aux-Moulins Sogny-en-l'Angle Soizy-aux-Bois Somme-Bionne Sommepy-Tahure Sommesous Somme-Suippe Somme-Tourbe Somme-Vesle Somme-Yèvre Sompuis Somsois Songy Souain-Perthes-lès-Hurlus Soudé Soudron Soulanges Soulières Suippes Suizy-le-Franc Taissy Talus-Saint-Prix Thaas Thibie Thiéblemont-Farémont Thil Thillois Le Thoult-Trosnay Tilloy-et-Bellay Tinqueux Togny-aux-Bœufs Tours-sur-Marne Tramery Trécon Tréfols Trépail Treslon Trigny Trois-Fontaines-l'Abbaye Trois-Puits Troissy Unchair Vadenay Val-de-Livre Val-des-Marais Val-de-Vesle Val-de-Vière Valmy Vanault-le-Châtel Vanault-les-Dames Vandeuil Vandières Vassimont-et-Chapelaine Vatry Vauchamps Vauciennes Vauclerc Vaudemange Vaudesincourt Vavray-le-Grand Vavray-le-Petit Vélye Ventelay Venteuil Verdon Vernancourt Verneuil Verrières Vert-Toulon Vertus Verzenay Verzy Vésigneul-sur-Marne La Veuve Le Vézier Le Vieil-Dampierre Vienne-la-Ville Vienne-le-Château Ville-Dommange Ville-en-Selve Ville-en-Tardenois Villeneuve-la-Lionne La Villeneuve-lès-Charleville Villeneuve-Renneville-Chevigny Villeneuve-Saint-Vistre-et-Villevotte Villers-Allerand Villers-aux-Bois Villers-aux-Nœuds Villers-en-Argonne Villers-Franqueux Villers-le-Château Villers-le-Sec Villers-Marmery Villers-sous-Châtillon Villeseneux La Ville-sous-Orbais Ville-sur-Tourbe Villevenard Villiers-aux-Corneilles Vinay Vincelles Vindey Virginy Vitry-en-Perthois Vitry-la-Ville Vitry-le-François Voilemont Voipreux Vouarces Vouillers Vouzy Vraux Vrigny Vroil Wargemoulin-Hurlus Warmeriville Witry-lès-Reims

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 126609525 LCCN: n81075927 ISNI: 0000 0001 2160 0409 GND: 4103640-2 SUDOC: 028397053 BNF: cb1524

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