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The Reichstadt agreement was an agreement made between Austria-Hungary and Russia
Russia
in July 1876, who were at that time in an alliance with each other and Germany in the League of the Three Emperors, or Dreikaiserbund. Present were the Russian and Austro-Hungarian emperors together with their foreign ministers, Prince Gorchakov of Russia
Russia
and Count Andrassy
Count Andrassy
of Austria-Hungary. The closed meeting took place on July 8 in the Bohemian city of Reichstadt (now Zákupy). They agreed on a common approach to the solution of the Eastern question, due to the unrest in the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
and the interests of the two major powers in the Balkans. They discussed the likely Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878, its possible outcomes and what should happen under each scenario. The later Budapest Convention of 1877 confirmed the main points, but when the war concluded with the Treaty of San Stefano
Treaty of San Stefano
in 1878, the terms of the treaty were quite different leading to Austrian insistence on convening a revision at the Congress of Berlin
Congress of Berlin
later that year. These events laid the background for the subsequent Bulgarian Crisis of 1885-1888, and ultimately World War I.[1][2][3][4]

Contents

1 Format 2 Terms of the agreement 3 Implications 4 See also 5 References 6 Bibliography

Format[edit] The negotiations took place in a private and almost informal setting. It is significant that the results of the meeting were not written down, so that the Austrian and Russian view of what was agreed on differed significantly. There was neither a signed formal convention nor even a signed protocol. The minutes were dictated separately by both Andrassy and by Gorchakov suggesting that neither side really trusted the other side. The extent of agreed Austrian annexation in Bosnia and Herzegovina has remained controversial. It was these inconsistencies that necessitated further discussions at the Constantinople Conference
Constantinople Conference
and the subsequent Budapest Convention, though these largely confirmed or amended the Reichstadt discussions. Terms of the agreement[edit] The Balkan Christians would gain a measure of independence. Austria would allow Russia
Russia
to make gains in Bessarabia
Bessarabia
and the Caucasus. Russia
Russia
would allow Austria to gain Bosnia. Russia
Russia
and Austria agree not to create a big Slavic state in the Balkans. Implications[edit] This effectively meant that Austria was assuring Russia
Russia
that to stay out of a war between Russia
Russia
and the Ottoman Empire. It also meant that the Austrians and the Russians were agreeing on how the Balkans
Balkans
would be split up in the case of a Russian victory.

Andrassy

Franz Joseph

Alexander II.

Gorchakov

See also[edit]

History of Austria Bulgarian Crisis (1885–1888)

References[edit]

^ Ragsdale, Hugh, ed. (1993). Imperial Russian Foreign Policy. Woodrow Wilson Center Press. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521442299.  ^ Kellogg, Frederick (1995). The Road to Romanian Independence. Purdue University Press. ISBN 9781557530653.  ^ Mikulas Fabry. The Idea of National Self-Determination and The Recognition of New States at The Congress Of Berlin (1878). ISA Annual Convention, New Orleans, March 24-27, 2002 ^ Pribram, Alfred, ed. (1921). The Secret Treaties of Austria-Hungary. 2. Harvard University Press. 

Bibliography[edit]

Crampton, R. J. A Concise History of Bulgaria. Cambridge University Press 1997 Beller, Steven. A Concise History of Austria. Cambridge University Press 2007 ISBN 9780521473057

v t e

Treaties of Hungary

9–10th century (age of Magyars)

Legend of the white horse (894)

1000–1301 (Árpád dynasty)

Personal union of Hungary and Croatia (1102) Hungarian–Byzantine Treaties (1153–1167) Treaty of Pressburg (1271)

1302–1526 (Middle ages to Tripartition)

Treaty of Enns (1336) Hungarian–Lithuanian Treaty (1351) Hungarian–Neapolitan Treaty (1352) Treaty of Zara
Treaty of Zara
(1358) Treaty of Lubowla
Treaty of Lubowla
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Peace of Szeged
(1444) Peace Treaty of Wiener Neustadt
Peace Treaty of Wiener Neustadt
(1463) Treaty of Ófalu
Treaty of Ófalu
(1474) Treaty of Brno (1478) Treaty of Piotrków (1479) Peace of Olomouc
Peace of Olomouc
(1479) Treaty of Pressburg (1491) First Congress of Vienna
First Congress of Vienna
(1515)

Dual reign, Ottoman vassalship, reconquest and Napoleonic Wars (1526–1848)

Franco-Hungarian alliance
Franco-Hungarian alliance
(1526) Treaty of Nagyvárad
Treaty of Nagyvárad
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Treaty of Gyalu
(1541) Confessio Pentapolitana
Pentapolitana
(1549) Treaty of Speyer (1570) Treaty of Szatmár
Treaty of Szatmár
(1711)

1526-1848 ( Royal Hungary
Royal Hungary
to Independence)

Truce of Adrianople (1547) Treaty of Adrianople (1568) Treaty of Vienna (1606) Peace of Zsitvatorok
Peace of Zsitvatorok
(1606) Peace of Vasvár
Peace of Vasvár
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Treaty of Karlowitz
(1699) Treaty of Passarowitz
Treaty of Passarowitz
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Treaty of Belgrade
(1739) Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748) First Partition of Poland
First Partition of Poland
(1772) Treaty of Sistova
Treaty of Sistova
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Treaty of Campo Formio
(1797) Treaty of Schönbrunn
Treaty of Schönbrunn
(1809) Congress of Vienna
Congress of Vienna
(1815)

(1570–1711) (Principality of Transylvania)

Peace of Nikolsburg
Peace of Nikolsburg
(1621) Treaty of Pressburg (1626) Treaty of Nymwegen (1679)

Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
to the end of World War I
World War I
(1848–1922)

Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 Croatian–Hungarian Settlement
Croatian–Hungarian Settlement
(1868) League of the Three Emperors
League of the Three Emperors
(1873) Treaty of Bern (1874) Reichstadt Agreement
Reichstadt Agreement
(1876) Budapest Convention of 1877 (1877) Treaty of Berlin (1878) Dual Alliance (1879) Triple Alliance (1882) Boxer Protocol
Boxer Protocol
(1901) Treaty of London (1913) Armistice of Focșani (1917) Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Ukraine (1918) Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (1918) Treaty of Bucharest (1918) Armistice of Villa Giusti
Armistice of Villa Giusti
(1918) Treaty of Trianon
Treaty of Trianon
(1920) Armistice with Romania (1920) Bill of dethronement (1921) U.S.–Hungarian Peace Treaty (1921) Covenant of the League of Nations
Covenant of the League of Nations
(1922)

Modern age (1922–)

Treaties of the Kingdom of Hungary (1922–46) Paris Peace Treaties, 1947 Treaties of the Hungarian People's Republic (1949–89) Treaties of the Third Republic of Hungary (1989–)

v t e

Great Eastern Crisis

Wars and conflicts

Serb

Herzegovina uprising (1875–77) Montenegrin–Turkish War (1876–78) Serbian–Turkish War (1876–78) Kumanovo Uprising

Bulgarian

April Uprising Razlovtsi insurrection Kresna–Razlog uprising

Greek

1878 Greek Macedonian rebellion Epirus Revolt of 1878 Cretan Revolt (1878)

Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878) Romanian War of Independence Austro-Hungarian campaign in Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1878 Expulsion of the Albanians 1877–1878

International agreements

Berlin Memorandum Reichstadt Agreement Constantinople Conference Budapest Convention of 1877 Treaty of San Stefano Cyprus Convention Congress of Berlin
Congress of Berlin
and Treaty of Berlin (1878)

See also

Bulgarian Exarchate Deligrad Event Niš Committee First Constitutional Era
First Constitutional Era
(Ottoman Empire) Opalchentsi Topola Rebellion Eastern Question Provisional Russian Administration in Bulgaria British Cyprus League of Prizren Battles for Plav and Gusinje Pact of Halepa Dual Alliance (1879) Brsjak revolt Austro–Serbian Alliance of 1881 French conquest of Tunisia Convention of Constantinople (1881) British Occupation of Egypt Marche s

.