The administrative divisions of India are subnational administrative units of India; they compose a nested hierarchy of country subdivisions. Indian states and territories frequently use different local titles for the same level of subdivision (e.g., the Mandals of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana correspond to Tehsils of Uttar Pradesh and other Hindi-speaking states and Talukas of Gujarat, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, and Tamil Nadu).[1]

The smaller subdivisions (villages and blocks) exist only in rural areas. In urban areas, urban local bodies exist instead of these rural subdivisions.


Zonal Councils of India

The States have been grouped into six zones having an Advisory Council "to develop the habit of cooperative working" among these States. Zonal Councils were set up vide Part-III of the States Reorganisation Act, 1956. The North Eastern States' special problems are addressed by another statutory body - The North Eastern Council, created by the North Eastern Council Act, 1971.[2] The present composition of each of these Zonal Councils is as under:[3]

States and union territories

India is composed of 29 states and 7 union territories (including a national capital territory).[7] The union territories are governed by administrators, appointed by the President of India. Two of the territories (Delhi and Puducherry) have been given partial statehood, with elected legislatures and executive councils of ministers, but limited powers.

Indian Ocean Bay of Bengal Andaman Sea Arabian Sea Laccadive Sea Siachen Glacier Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar Haveli Daman and Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Pondicherry Pondicherry Pondicherry Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand West Bengal Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Myanmar China Nepal Pakistan Sri Lanka Tajikistan Dadra and Nagar Haveli Daman and Diu Pondicherry Pondicherry Pondicherry Pondicherry Goa Gujarat Jammu and Kashmir Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Rajasthan Tamil Nadu Assam Meghalaya Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Nagaland Manipur Mizoram Telangana Tripura West Bengal Sikkim Bhutan Bangladesh Bihar Jharkhand Odisha Chhattisgarh Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand Nepal Delhi Haryana Punjab Himachal Pradesh Chandigarh Pakistan Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Disputed territory in Jammu and Kashmir Disputed territory in Jammu and Kashmir
A clickable map of the 29 states and 7 union territories of India
Number State Code Capital
1 Andhra Pradesh AP Hyderabad (shared with Telangana for not more than 10 years per Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014), Amaravati[8] (new capital)
2 Arunachal Pradesh AR Itanagar
3 Assam AS Dispur
4 Bihar BR Patna
5 Chhattisgarh CG Naya Raipur
6 Goa GA Panaji
7 Gujarat GJ Gandhinagar
8 Haryana HR Chandigarh (shared with Punjab, also a Union Territory)
9 Himachal Pradesh HP Shimla (summer), Dharmshala (winter)
10 Jammu and Kashmir JK Srinagar (summer), Jammu (winter)
11 Jharkhand JH Ranchi
12 Karnataka KA Bengaluru
13 Kerala KL Thiruvananthapuram
14 Madhya Pradesh MP Bhopal
15 Maharashtra MH Mumbai
16 Manipur MN Imphal
17 Meghalaya ML Shillong
18 Mizoram MZ Aizawl
19 Nagaland NL Kohima
20 Odisha OD Bhubaneshwar
21 Punjab PB Chandigarh (shared with Haryana, also a Union Territory)
22 Rajasthan RJ Jaipur
23 Sikkim SK Gangtok
24 Tamil Nadu TN Chennai
25 Telangana[9] TS Hyderabad
26 Tripura TR Agartala
27 Uttar Pradesh UP Lucknow
28 Uttarakhand UK Dehradun (interim)
29 West Bengal WB Kolkata
Union territories
Number Union territory Code Capital
A Andaman and Nicobar Islands AN Port Blair
B Chandigarh CH Chandigarh (also the capital of Haryana and Punjab)
C Dadra and Nagar Haveli DN Silvassa
D Daman and Diu DD Daman
E Lakshadweep LD Kavaratti
F National Capital Territory of Delhi DL New Delhi
G Puducherry PY Pondicherry
See also:
List of states and union territories of India by population (area can also be found)
Official languages of India#Languages currently used In Indian states and union territories


This is a list of unofficial, or quasi-official, regions of India. Some are geographic regions, others ethnic, linguistic, dialect, or cultural regions, and some correspond to historic countries, states or provinces.

The six regions

Name Population (2011 census) Largest local Area States Union Territories
Central India 100,525,580 Indore 443,443 km2 2 -
East India 226,925,195 Kolkata 418,323 km2 4 1
North India 376,809,728 Delhi 1,010,731 km2 7 2
Northeast India 45,587,982 Guwahati 262,230 km2 8 -
South India 253,051,953 Bangalore 635,780 km2 5 2
Western India 173,343,821 Mumbai 508,032 km2 3 2
The six regions of India

Regions within states

Some states consist of regions, which have no official administrative governmental status. They are purely geographic regions; some correspond to historic countries, states or provinces. A region may comprise one or more divisions, averaging about three divisions per region. However, the boundaries of the regions and the boundaries of the divisions do not always coincide exactly. So far there has been no movement to give the regions official administrative status. If this was to be done, it would presumably require that the boundaries of the regions be slightly modified so that they correspond exactly with their constituent districts.


Some of the Indian states are subdivided into divisions which have official administrative governmental status and each division is headed by senior IAS officer called Divisional Commissioner, each further comprising several districts:


States and territories (or divisions) are further subdivided into districts (zilla), of which there are 696 (as of 2016). Each District is headed by an IAS officer called District Magistrate.


Tehsils, talukas, mandals, sub-divisions, CD Blocks, headed by a Tehsildar or Talukdar or MRO or Block Development Officer, comprise several villages or village clusters. The governmental/ elected bodies at the Tehsil level are called the panchayat samiti.

States use varying names for their sub-districts. Detailed information is as follows:[10]

State Sub–district Number of
Andhra Pradesh Mandal 664[11]
Arunachal Pradesh Circle 149
Assam Circle 155
Bihar CD Block 533
Chhattisgarh Tehsil 97
Goa Taluka 11
Gujarat Taluka 226
Haryana Tehsil 67
Himachal Pradesh Tehsil/ Sub-tehsil 109
Jammu and Kashmir Tehsil 59
Jarkhand CD Block 210
Karnataka Taluka 175
Kerala Taluka 63
Madhya Pradesh Tehsil 259
Maharashtra Taluka 353
Manipur Sub-division 38
Meghalaya CD Block 39
Mizoram CD Block 22
Nagaland Circle 93
Odisha Police station 485
Punjab Tehsil 72
Rajasthan Tehsil 241
Sikkim 9
Tamil Nadu Taluka 201
Telangana Mandal 452
Tripura CD Block 38
Uttar Pradesh Tehsil 300
Uttarakhand Tehsil 48
West Bengal CD Block 341
Union Territory Sub–district Number of
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Tehsil 7
Lakshadweep Sub-division 4
Chandigarh Tehsil 1
Dadra and Nagar Haveli Taluka 1
Daman and Diu Taluka 2
Delhi Tehsil 34
Puducherry Commune Panchayat 10

Rural level


The block or Community development block or C.D.Block is often the next level of administrative division after the tehsil.

State C.D.Block Number of
Meghalaya C.D.Block 39
Mizoram C.D.Block 22
Bihar C.D.Block 533
Jharkhand C.D.Block 263[12]
Tripura C.D.Block 58
Uttarakhand C.D.Block 95
West Bengal C.D.Block 341


Villages are often the lowest level of subdivisions in India. The governmental bodies at the village level are called Gram Panchayat, of which there were an estimated 256,000 in 2002. Each Gram Panchayat covers a large village or a cluster of smaller villages with a combined population exceeding 500 Gram Sabha. Clusters of villages are also sometimes called Hobli or Patti.


Certain governmental functions and activities - including clean water availability, rural development, and education - are tracked at a sub-village level.[13] These hamlets are termed "habitations". India is composed of 1,714,556 habitations [14] In some states, most villages have a single habitation; in others (notably Kerala and Tripura) there is a high ratio of habitations to villages.[15]

Metropolitan area

A metro area usually comprises multiple jurisdictions and municipalities: neighbourhoods, townships, cities, exurbs, suburbs, counties, districts, states, and even nations like the eurodistricts. As social, economic and political institutions have changed, metropolitan areas have become key economic and political regions. Metropolitan areas include one or more urban areas, as well as satellite cities, towns and intervening rural areas that are socio-economically tied to the urban core, typically measured by commuting patterns The metropolitan cities of India are: Mumbai, New Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, Pune, Hyderabad and Bengaluru.


See also


  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 April 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-25. 
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 May 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-07. 
  4. ^ "Zonal Council". mha.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-10-26. 
  5. ^ "THE STATES REORGANISATION ACT, 1956 (ACT NO.37 OF 1956) PART – III ZONES AND ZONAL COUNCILS" (PDF). Interstatecouncil.nic.in. Retrieved 27 December 2017. 
  6. ^ "PRESENT COMPOSITION OF THE SOUTHERN ZONAL COUNCIL" (PDF). Interstatecouncil.nic.in. Retrieved 27 December 2017. 
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-05.  States and Union Territories of India - Source - Government of India Official Website
  8. ^ "Vijayawada is Andhra Pradesh's new capital". Deccanchronicle.com. Retrieved 27 December 2017. 
  9. ^ "Appointed Day for Telangana State". Newindianexpress.com. Retrieved 27 December 2017. 
  10. ^ "Statement showing the Nomenclature and Number of Sub-Districts in States/UTs". Office of The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, New Delhi. 2010–2011. Retrieved 3 October 2011. 
  11. ^ "List of Mandals" (PDF). msmehyd.ap.nic.in. Andhra Pradesh State. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 September 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  12. ^ "Names of Blocks of Jharkhand". Jharkhandi Baba. 2017-10-21. Retrieved 2017-10-21. 
  13. ^ Indian Department of Drinking Water Supply Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ [2][dead link]
  15. ^ Indian Department of Education Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.

External links