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Redstarts are a group of small Old World
Old World
birds. They were formerly classified in the thrush family (Turdidae), but are now known to be part of the Old World
Old World
flycatcher family Muscicapidae. They are currently treated in four genera, the true redstarts Phoenicurus, the closely related genera Chaimarrornis
Chaimarrornis
and Rhyacornis, and one species in the less closely related genus Luscinia. These are insectivorous ground feeding birds, most of which have the red tail which gives the group its name; "start" is the modern English reflex of Middle English
Middle English
stert, Old English steort, tail of an animal. Most species are migratory, with northern species being long-distance migrants and more southerly species often being altitudinal migrants breeding at high altitude and moving lower down in winter.[1] They are small insectivores, the males mostly brightly coloured in various combinations of red, blue, white, and black, the females light brown with a red tail.[1] Recent genetic studies have shown that the genus Phoenicurus
Phoenicurus
is not monophyletic, but may be made so by the inclusion of Chaimarrornis
Chaimarrornis
and Rhyacornis
Rhyacornis
within Phoenicurus;[2] this conclusion is yet to be taken up by the International Ornithological Congress.[3] The New World
New World
redstarts in the genera Setophaga
Setophaga
and Myioborus
Myioborus
are not closely related; they are New World
New World
warblers in the family Parulidae. Members of the latter genus, with extensive white and no red in their tails, are now more often called "whitestarts".[4] Species
Species
list[edit]

Genus
Genus
Phoenicurus

Przevalski's redstart
Przevalski's redstart
( Phoenicurus
Phoenicurus
alaschanicus) Eversmann's redstart
Eversmann's redstart
( Phoenicurus
Phoenicurus
erythronotus) Blue-capped redstart
Blue-capped redstart
( Phoenicurus
Phoenicurus
caeruleocephala) Black redstart
Black redstart
( Phoenicurus
Phoenicurus
ochruros) Common redstart
Common redstart
( Phoenicurus
Phoenicurus
phoenicurus) Hodgson's redstart
Hodgson's redstart
( Phoenicurus
Phoenicurus
hodgsoni) White-throated redstart
White-throated redstart
( Phoenicurus
Phoenicurus
schisticeps) Daurian redstart
Daurian redstart
( Phoenicurus
Phoenicurus
auroreus) Moussier's redstart
Moussier's redstart
( Phoenicurus
Phoenicurus
moussieri) Güldenstädt's redstart
Güldenstädt's redstart
( Phoenicurus
Phoenicurus
erythrogastrus) Blue-fronted redstart
Blue-fronted redstart
( Phoenicurus
Phoenicurus
frontalis)

Genus
Genus
Chaimarrornis

White-capped redstart
White-capped redstart
Chaimarrornis
Chaimarrornis
leucocephalus

Genus
Genus
Rhyacornis

Plumbeous redstart
Plumbeous redstart
Rhyacornis
Rhyacornis
fuliginosus Luzon water redstart
Luzon water redstart
Rhyacornis
Rhyacornis
bicolor

Genus
Genus
Luscinia

White-bellied redstart
White-bellied redstart
Luscinia
Luscinia
phaenicuroides

References[edit]

^ a b Hoyo, J. del, et al., eds. (2005). Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 10. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. pp. 768–776. ISBN 84-87334-72-5. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ Sangster, G., Alström, P., Forsmark, E., & Olsson, U. (2010). Multi-locus phylogenetic analysis of Old World
Old World
chats and flycatchers reveals extensive paraphyly at family, subfamily and genus level (Aves: Muscicapidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57: 380–392 Full text ^ IOC World Bird
Bird
List Family Muscicapidae ^ IOC World Bird
Bird
List Fami

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