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Raymond Hart Massey
Hart Massey
(August 30, 1896 – July 29, 1983) was a Canadian-American actor, known for his commanding, stage-trained voice. For his lead role in Abe Lincoln in Illinois (1940), Massey was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor. He also was well known for playing Dr. Gillespie in the NBC television series Dr. Kildare (1961–1966).

Contents

1 Early life 2 First World War 3 Acting career 4 Personal life 5 Honors 6 Filmography 7 Radio appearances 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Early life[edit] Massey was born in Toronto, Ontario, the son of Anna (née Vincent), who was American-born, and Chester Daniel Massey, the wealthy owner of the Massey-Harris Tractor Company, and son of Hart Massey
Hart Massey
and grandson of founder Daniel Massey.[1] His branch of the Massey family
Massey family
emigrated to Canada
Canada
from New England
New England
a few years before the War of 1812, their ancestors having migrated from England to the Massachusetts colony in the 1630s. He attended secondary school briefly at Upper Canada College before transferring to Appleby College[2] in Oakville, Ontario, and taking several courses at University of Toronto, where he was an active member of the Kappa Alpha Society. First World War[edit] At the outbreak of the World War I, Massey joined the Canadian Army, serving with the artillery on the Western Front. Lieutenant Massey returned to Canada
Canada
after being wounded in action in France in 1916[3][4][5] and was engaged as an army instructor for American officers at Yale University. In 1918, he served in Siberia
Siberia
during the Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War, where he made his first stage appearance, entertaining American troops on occupation duty. He graduated from Balliol College, Oxford. He later went to work in the family business, selling farm implements, but he was drawn to the theater. He persuaded his reluctant family to allow him to pursue this career.[3] Acting career[edit] He first appeared on the London stage in 1922 in Eugene O'Neill's In the Zone.[3][4] According to his obituary in The New York Times, he appeared in "several dozen plays and directed numerous others" in England over the next decade,[3], and The Washington Post
The Washington Post
credited him with performances in over 80 plays, including Pygmalion with Gertrude Lawrence; Ethan Frome with Ruth Gordon; and the George Bernard Shaw works The Doctor's Dilemma and Candida with Katharine Cornell.[4] In 1929, he directed the London premiere of The Silver Tassie. He received poor reviews in his debut on Broadway in an unorthodox 1931 production of Hamlet.[3] His first movie was in High Treason (1928). In 1931, he played Sherlock Holmes
Sherlock Holmes
in The Speckled Band, the first sound film version of the story. In 1934, he played the villain in The Scarlet Pimpernel, and in 1936, he starred in Things to Come, a film adaptation by H.G. Wells of his own speculative novel The Shape of Things to Come
Things to Come
(1933). In 1944, Massey played the district attorney in Fritz Lang's classic film noir The Woman in the Window, which starred Edward G. Robinson and Joan Bennett. He portrayed the American Revolutionary War character Abraham Farlan, who hated the British for making him a casualty of that war, in the 1946 film A Matter of Life and Death (titled Stairway to Heaven in the U.S.).

Raymond Massey
Raymond Massey
in the Broadway production of Abe Lincoln in Illinois (1938)

Despite his being Canadian, Massey became famous for playing archetypal American historical figures. He played abolitionist/insurrectionist John Brown in two films: Santa Fe Trail (1940) and again in the low-budget Seven Angry Men
Seven Angry Men
(1955). The character of Brown is portrayed as a wild-eyed lunatic in Santa Fe Trail, whereas he is a well-intentioned but misguided character in the more sympathetic Seven Angry Men. Massey scored a great triumph on Broadway in Robert E. Sherwood's Pulitzer Prize-winning play Abe Lincoln in Illinois despite reservations about Lincoln's being portrayed by a Canadian. He repeated his role in the 1940 film version, for which he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor. Massey again portrayed Lincoln in The Day Lincoln Was Shot on Ford Star Jubilee
Ford Star Jubilee
(1956), a wordless appearance in How the West Was Won (1962), and two TV adaptations of Abe Lincoln in Illinois broadcast in 1950 and 1951. He once complained jokingly that he was "the only actor ever typecast as a president."[6] His preparation for the role was so detailed and obsessive that one person commented that Massey would not be satisfied with his Lincoln impersonation until someone assassinated him.[7] On stage in a dramatic reading of Stephen Vincent Benét's John Brown's Body (1953), Massey, in addition to narrating along with Tyrone Power
Tyrone Power
and Judith Anderson, took on the roles of both John Brown and Lincoln. Raymond Massey
Raymond Massey
played a Canadian on screen only once in 49th Parallel (1941).[citation needed] During World War II, he teamed up with Katharine Cornell
Katharine Cornell
and other leading actors in a revival of Shaw's Candida to benefit the Army Emergency Fund and the Navy Relief Society.[8] Massey portrayed Jonathan Brewster in the film version of Arsenic and Old Lace. The character had been created by Boris Karloff
Boris Karloff
for the stage version, and a running gag in the play and the film was the character's resemblance to Karloff. Even though the film was released in 1944, it was shot in 1941, at which time Karloff still was contracted to the Broadway play and could not be released for the filming (unlike his costars Josephine Hull, Jean Adair
Jean Adair
and John Alexander). Massey and Karloff had appeared together earlier in James Whale's suspense film The Old Dark House (1932). Massey rejoined the Canadian Army
Canadian Army
for World War II, serving as a major in the adjutant general's branch of the Canadian Army,[4] though he was eventually released from service and returned to acting. Following the war, Massey became an American citizen. His memorable film roles after World War II included the husband of Joan Crawford during her Oscar-nominated role in Possessed (1947) and the doomed publishing tycoon Gail Wynand in The Fountainhead (1949), with Patricia Neal
Patricia Neal
and Gary Cooper. In 1955, he starred in East of Eden as Adam Trask, father of Cal, played by James Dean, and Aron, played by Richard Davalos. Massey became well-known on television in the 1950s and 1960s. He was cast in 1960 as Sir Oliver Garnett in the episode "Trunk Full of Dreams" of the NBC series Riverboat. Massey is remembered as Dr. Gillespie in the popular 1961-1966 NBC series Dr. Kildare, with Richard Chamberlain
Richard Chamberlain
in the title role. Massey and his son Daniel were cast as father and son in The Queen's Guards (1961). Personal life[edit] Massey was married three times.

Margery Fremantle from 1921 to 1929 (divorce); they had one child, architect Geoffrey Massey. Adrianne Allen from 1929 to 1939 (divorce); Allen was a stage actress in London and on Broadway. They had two children who followed him into acting: Anna Massey
Anna Massey
and Daniel Massey. Dorothy Whitney from 1939 until her death in 1982.

His high-profile estrangement and divorce from Adrianne Allen was the inspiration for Ruth Gordon's and Garson Kanin's script for the film Adam's Rib (1949), starring Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
and Spencer Tracy, and indeed Massey married the lawyer who represented him in court, Dorothy Whitney, while his then former wife, Allen, married the opposing lawyer, William Dwight Whitney.[9][10] Raymond Massey's older brother was Vincent Massey, the first Canadian-born governor general of Canada. Raymond Massey
Raymond Massey
also dabbled in politics, appearing in a television advertisement in 1964 in support of the conservative Republican presidential nominee Barry Goldwater of Arizona. Massey denounced U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson for a "no-win" strategy in the Vietnam War, suggesting that Goldwater would pursue an aggressive strategy and win the war quickly.[11] (Johnson, who defeated Goldwater, later did expand the war without success.) Massey died of pneumonia in Los Angeles, California on July 29, 1983, a month before he would have turned 87.[3] That was the same day as the death of David Niven, who had co-starred with him in The Prisoner of Zenda and A Matter of Life and Death. Massey is buried in New Haven, Connecticut's Beaverdale Memorial Park. Honors[edit] Massey has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, one for films at 1719 Vine Street and one for television at 6708 Hollywood Boulevard. His achievements also have been recognised in a signature cocktail, the Raymond Massey. Massey also provided the voice of Abraham Lincoln in two Disney exhibits: The Hall of Presidents at Magic Kingdom in Disney World and at Disneyland in "A Conversation with the President". Filmography[edit]

Year Film Role Notes

1928 High Treason Member of Federated States Council Uncredited

1929 The Crooked Billet Undetermined role Uncredited

1931 The Speckled Band Sherlock Holmes

1932 The Face at the Window Paul le Gros

The Old Dark House Philip Waverton

1934 The Scarlet Pimpernel Citizen Chauvelin

1936 Things to Come John Cabal / Oswald Cabal

1937 Fire Over England Philip II of Spain

Dreaming Lips Miguel del Vayo

Under the Red Robe Cardinal Richelieu

The Prisoner of Zenda Black Michael

The Hurricane Governor Eugene De Laage

1938 The Drum Prince Ghul

Black Limelight Peter Charrington

1940 Abe Lincoln in Illinois Abraham Lincoln Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actor

Santa Fe Trail John Brown

1941 49th Parallel Andy Brock

Dangerously They Live Dr. Ingersoll

1942 Reap the Wild Wind King Cutler

Desperate Journey Major Otto Baumeister

1943 Action in the North Atlantic Capt. Steve Jarvis

1944 A Canterbury Tale Narrator Voice, Uncredited

Arsenic and Old Lace Jonathan Brewster

The Woman in the Window Dist. Atty. Frank Lalor

1945 Hotel Berlin Arnim von Dahnwitz

God Is My Co-Pilot Maj. Gen. Claire L. Chennault

1946 A Matter of Life and Death Abraham Farlan

1947 Possessed Dean Graham

Mourning Becomes Electra Brig. Gen. Ezra Mannon

1949 The Fountainhead Gail Wynand

Roseanna McCoy Old Randall McCoy

1950 Chain Lightning Leland Willis

Barricade Boss Kruger

Dallas Will Marlow

1951 Sugarfoot Jacob Stint

David and Bathsheba Nathan

Come Fill the Cup John Ives

1952 Carson City A. J. "Big" Jack Davis

1953 The Desert Song Sheik Yousseff

1955 Prince of Players Junius Brutus Booth

Battle Cry Maj. Gen. Snipes

East of Eden Adam Trask

Seven Angry Men John Brown

1957 Omar Khayyam The Shah

1958 Now That April's Here Narrator

The Naked and the Dead Gen. Cummings

1961 The Great Impostor Abbott Donner

The Fiercest Heart Willem Prinsloo

The Queen's Guards Capt. Fellowes

1962 How the West Was Won Abraham Lincoln

1969 Mackenna's Gold The Preacher

1971-1972 Night Gallery Colonel Archie Dittman Doctor Glendon Season 1, episode 4, second segment: "Clean Kills and Other Trophies" Season 3, episode 4: "Rare Objects"

1973 The President's Plane Is Missing Secretary of State Freeman Sharkey

Radio appearances[edit]

Year Program Episode/source

1941 Philip Morris Playhouse Wuthering Heights[12]

1942 Philip Morris Playhouse The Man Who Played God [13]

1945 Inner Sanctum Mystery Death Across the Board[14]

1952 Cavalcade of America With Malice Towards None[15]

1952 The Endless Frontier Only One to a Customer[16]

See also[edit]

Biography portal Canada
Canada
portal California portal Connecticut portal Theatre portal Film portal Television portal World War I
World War I
portal

Other Canadian pioneers in early Hollywood Massey family

References[edit]

^ Cawthra Square House Archived 2008-09-06 at the Wayback Machine. ^ northernstars.ca Profile of Raymond Massey
Raymond Massey
Archived 2006-02-09 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b c d e f "Raymond Massey, Famous For His Portrayal Of Lincoln". The New York Times. Associated Press. July 31, 1983.  ^ a b c d "Raymond Massey, Noted For Lincoln Roles". The Washington Post. July 31, 1983.  ^ "Lieutenant Raymond Hart Massey". Canadian Great War Project.  ^ Foster, Charles (2003). Once Upon a Time in Paradise: Canadians in the Golden Age of Hollywood. Dundurn. p. 226. ISBN 978-1-55002-997-0.  ^ Fisher, James (2011). Historical Dictionary of Contemporary American Theater: 1930-2010. Scarecrow Press. p. 20. ISBN 978-0-8108-7950-8.  ^ Tad Mosel, Leading Lady: The Word and Theatre of Katharine Cornell, Little, Brown & Co., 1978 ^ Dirks, Tim. "Adam's Rib". Filmsite.org. American Movie Classics. Retrieved November 22, 2011.  ^ Eagan, Daniel (2010). America's Film Legacy: The Authoritative Guide to the Landmark Movies in The National Film Registry. London: the Continuum International Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0826429773.  ^ Massey's ad for Goldwater ^ " Raymond Massey
Raymond Massey
and Sylvia Sidney in 'Wuthering Heights'". Harrisburg Telegraph. October 11, 1941. p. 26. Retrieved July 21, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ "The Short and Long of Radio". The Evening News. April 17, 1942. p. 16. Retrieved August 1, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ "Radio's Golden Age". Nostalgia Digest. 37 (1): 40. Winter 2011.  ^ Kirby, Walter (February 10, 1952). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 38. Retrieved June 2, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ Kirby, Walter (February 17, 1952). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 40. Retrieved June 1, 2015 – via Newspapers.com. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Raymond Massey.

Raymond Massey
Raymond Massey
on IMDb Raymond Massey
Raymond Massey
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Raymond Massey
Raymond Massey
at the British Film Institute's Screenonline Raymond Massey
Raymond Massey
Collection at the Victoria University Library Raymond Massey
Raymond Massey
Photographs at the Digital Collections, Victoria University Library Raymond Massey
Raymond Massey
Photographic Records at the Photograph Database, Victoria University Library Photographs and literature Raymond Massey
Raymond Massey
at Find a Grave

v t e

Drama League's Distinguished Performance Award

Katharine Cornell
Katharine Cornell
(1935) Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
(1936) Maurice Evans (1937) Cedric Hardwicke
Cedric Hardwicke
(1938) Raymond Massey
Raymond Massey
(1939) Paul Muni
Paul Muni
(1940) Paul Lukas
Paul Lukas
(1941) Judith Evelyn
Judith Evelyn
(1942) Alfred Lunt
Alfred Lunt
(1943) Lynn Fontanne
Lynn Fontanne
(1944) Mady Christians
Mady Christians
(1945) Louis Calhern
Louis Calhern
(1946) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1947) Judith Anderson
Judith Anderson
(1948) Robert Morley
Robert Morley
(1949) Grace George
Grace George
(1950) Claude Rains
Claude Rains
(1951) Julie Harris (1952) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1953) Josephine Hull (1954) Viveca Lindfors
Viveca Lindfors
(1955) David Wayne
David Wayne
(1956) Eli Wallach
Eli Wallach
(1957) Ralph Bellamy
Ralph Bellamy
(1958) Cyril Ritchard
Cyril Ritchard
(1959) Jessica Tandy
Jessica Tandy
(1960) Hume Cronyn
Hume Cronyn
(1961) Paul Scofield
Paul Scofield
(1962) Charles Boyer
Charles Boyer
(1963) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1964) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1965) Richard Kiley
Richard Kiley
(1966) Rosemary Harris
Rosemary Harris
(1967) Zoe Caldwell (1968) Alec McCowen
Alec McCowen
(1969) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1970) Anthony Quayle
Anthony Quayle
(1971) Eileen Atkins / Claire Bloom
Claire Bloom
(1972) Alan Bates
Alan Bates
(1973) Christopher Plummer
Christopher Plummer
(1974) John Wood (1975) Eva Le Gallienne
Eva Le Gallienne
(1976) Tom Courtenay
Tom Courtenay
(1977) Frank Langella
Frank Langella
(1978) Frances Sternhagen
Frances Sternhagen
(1979) Roy Scheider
Roy Scheider
(1980) Ian McKellen
Ian McKellen
(1981) Milo O'Shea
Milo O'Shea
(1982) Edward Herrmann
Edward Herrmann
/ Kate Nelligan (1983) Jeremy Irons
Jeremy Irons
(1984) Derek Jacobi
Derek Jacobi
(1985) Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1986) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
(1987) John Lithgow
John Lithgow
(1988) Pauline Collins
Pauline Collins
(1989) Robert Morse
Robert Morse
(1990) Stockard Channing
Stockard Channing
(1991) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1992) Stephen Rea
Stephen Rea
(1993) Sam Waterston
Sam Waterston
(1994) Cherry Jones
Cherry Jones
(1995) Uta Hagen
Uta Hagen
(1996) Charles Durning
Charles Durning
/ Bebe Neuwirth
Bebe Neuwirth
(1997) Brian Stokes Mitchell
Brian Stokes Mitchell
(1998) Kathleen Chalfant (1999) Eileen Heckart (2000) Mary-Louise Parker
Mary-Louise Parker
/ Gary Sinise
Gary Sinise
(2001) Liam Neeson
Liam Neeson
(2002) Harvey Fierstein
Harvey Fierstein
(2003) Hugh Jackman
Hugh Jackman
(2004) Norbert Leo Butz
Norbert Leo Butz
(2005) Christine Ebersole
Christine Ebersole
(2006) Liev Schreiber
Liev Schreiber
(2007) Patti LuPone
Patti LuPone
(2008) Geoffrey Rush
Geoffrey Rush
(2009) Alfred Molina
Alfred Molina
(2010) Mark Rylance
Mark Rylance
(2011) Audra McDonald
Audra McDonald
(2012) Nathan Lane
Nathan Lane
(2013) Neil Patrick Harris
Neil Patrick Harris
(2014) Chita Rivera
Chita Rivera
(2015) Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda
(2016) Ben Platt (2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 105861171 LCCN: n79093378 ISNI: 0000 0001 0471 8595 GND: 110598563 SUDOC: 055738818 BNF: cb13897193m (data) BNE: XX1085030 SN

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