Rasht Valley (Tajik: Водии Рашт) is located in Tajikistan
and composes a significant portion of the Region of Republican
Subordination, including the six districts of Lakhsh, Rasht, Roghun,
Tavildara, Tajikobod and Nurabad. Historically the
Rasht Valley has
been called Karotegin or Karategin. During the 1992-1997 Tajikistan
Civil War, the region was a stronghold for forces opposed to the
Emomalii Rahmon and became the site of numerous battles.
Notably, four members of the United Nations Mission of Observers in
Tajikistan were murdered in the Garm district in 1998.
From the 1920s until 1955 the
Rasht Valley was within the Gharm
Karotegin is the historic name of the
Rasht Valley and a historic
political region in pre-Soviet
Central Asia that is today part of
Tajikistan. The Karotegin region was also named Garm, though Garm is
also the name of a city and the
Garmi ethnic group. Karotegin
frequently appears in its alternative spellings,Qaratagin,
Qarategin,Qaratigin, Karategin, Karatigin and Karateghin, in
literature from the 1990s and earlier. Karategin was an independent
Central Asia for many centuries. The native princes, who
claimed to be descended from Alexander the Great, were independent
until 1868, although their allegiance was claimed in an ineffective
way by Kokand. The
Emirate of Bukhara
Emirate of Bukhara took advantage of internal
political feuds and conquered the region, along with Darvaz, in
The Karotegin consisted of a highland district bounded on the north by
Samarkand and Kokand, on the east by Ferghana, on the south by Darvaz
and on the west by Hissar and other Bokharian provinces. Traditionally
rough woolen cloth and mohair were woven by the natives, who also made
excellent firearms and other weapons. Gold was mined in various places
and there were salt-pits in the mountains. The chief town, Garm,
situated on a hill on the right bank of the Vakhsh River, was a place
of some 2,000 inhabitants, as of 1911[update]. The population was
about 60,000 in 1911; five-sixths were composed of Tajiks while the
remainder were Kyrgyz, who reside in what is today the Jirgatol
district of Tajikistan. Historically it was difficult for the people
of the Karotegin to communicate with neighboring lands except between
the months of May and September.
1949 Khait earthquake
1949 Khait earthquake resulted in the Khait landslide, which
killed over 30,000 people.
^ a b Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Karateghin". Encyclopædia
Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
^ Yablokov, Alexander (February 2001). "The Tragedy of Khait: A
Natural Disaster in Tajikistan". Mountain Research and Development.
Berne, Switzerland: International Mountain Society. 21 (1): 91–93.
Coordinates: 39°05′11″N 70°42′04″E / 39.0863°N
70.7011°E / 39.0863; 70.7011
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