HOME
The Info List - Ranasinghe Premadasa





Sri Lankabhimanya
Sri Lankabhimanya
Ranasinghe Premadasa
Ranasinghe Premadasa
(Sinhalese: රණසිංහ ප්‍රේමදාස,Tamil: ரணசிங்க பிரேமதாசா; 23 June 1924 – 1 May 1993)[1] was the third President of Sri Lanka
President of Sri Lanka
from 2 January 1989 to 1 May 1993. Before that, he served as the Prime Minister
Prime Minister
in the government headed by J. R. Jayewardene from 6 February 1978 to 1 January 1989. He was awarded Sri Lanka's highest award to a civilian Sri Lankabhimanya
Sri Lankabhimanya
in 1986 by President Junius Richard Jayewardene, the first to receive in Sri Lankan history. He was assassinated in Colombo
Colombo
in a suicide bombing by the LTTE.[2][3]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Political career

2.1 Minister 2.2 Opposition 2.3 Prime Minister

3 Presidency 4 Assassination 5 Family 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Early life[edit]

1 year old R. Premadasa with his parents in 1925.

R.Premadasa in 1930.

R. Premadasa was born on 23 June 1924 at Dias Place, Colombo
Colombo
11, to the family of Richard Ranasinghe (Ranasinghe Mudalali) of Kosgoda and Jayasinghe Arachchige Ensina Hamine of Batuwita, Horana. R. Premadasa was the oldest of five children, three sisters, and one brother. He received his primary education at Harvard Girls’ School, Dam Street, Colombo, post primary education at St. Lorenz’s College, Skinner’s Road South (Now Sri Sangaraja Mawatha, Maradana) and his secondary education at St. Joseph’s College, Colombo. While attending school, he attended the Hewavitharana Daham Pasala. He completed his education at St. Joseph’s College, during the Le Goc era. He satisfied all the requirements for registering at the University of London for higher studies. However, he gave up this opportunity to engage in higher studies and chose path of social service for the welfare of the poor and down- trodden. He, the architect of the Sri Sucharitha
Sucharitha
Movement, a volunteers organisation with the objectives of uplifting the economic, social and spiritual development of the low income people living in shanty areas of the capital. He was the full-time organizer of the community development project of the area in 1939. These youth who enrolled in his development movement refrained from taking liquor and avoided smoking and gambling. Premadasa too was a teetotaler. Political career[edit] Allying with late A. E. Goonesinghe, the founder leader of the Ceylon Labour Movement, he commenced his political life. He had several ups and downs in that era. He had been the Deputy Mayor of the Colombo Municipal Council while functioning as a member of San Sebastian’s Ward. Joining hands with late Dudley Senanayake, he joined the UNP and contested Dr. N. M. Perera
N. M. Perera
unsuccessfully in the Ruwanwella constituency at the general election held in 1956. After his first failure to enter Parliament, he, in the process of reorganising the UNP, visited every nook and corner of the country, while also being the secretary of the Religious Affairs Committee of the Buddhist Council appointed by the government to organize the 2500th Buddha Jayanthi celebrations. The following year he joined the protest march to Kandy on October 3, which had been organized by the late J.R. Jayewardene (later President). This march was disrupted at Imbulgoda by some thugs led by a powerful politician of the area. He was elected the third Member of Parliament for Colombo
Colombo
Central in the Dudley Senanayake
Dudley Senanayake
government at the general election held in March 1960, but failed in the July general election. Later he was elected Member for the Cinnamon Gardens Ward in the Colombo
Colombo
Municipal Council. Premadasa initially supported the Labour Party, then headed by A. Ekanayake Gunasinha. He was elected Deputy Mayor of Colombo
Colombo
in 1955.[3] Having realized that the Labour Party in the 1950s didn't have a very promising future, in 1956 Premadasa joined the moderate United National Party,[3] and contested 1956 parliamentary election for Ruwanwella Electorate was defeated.[4] He became the first non- Govigama politician to reach to the highest levels in democratic, post-independence Sri Lanka. Minister[edit] During his tenure as Minister of Broadcasting
Broadcasting
in Dudley Senanayake's cabinet, Premadasa turned Radio Ceylon, the oldest radio station in South Asia, into a public corporation - the Ceylon Broadcasting Corporation on 5 January 1967. Part of his political program was shelter for the poor, after the United Nations
United Nations
declared a Year of Shelter. Other policies included Jana Saviya, the instrument he used to help the poor, a foster parents scheme, the Gam Udawa project with which he tried to stir up the stupor in the villages, the mobile secretariat whereby he took the central government bureaucracy to the peasants, the Tower Hall Foundation for drama and music, and the pension schemes he initiated for the elder artistes. On the economic front, the garment industry project that he initiated became a forerunner in earning foreign exchange and provision of employment in the villages. He was elected second Member of Parliament at the general election held in 1965 for the same seat and was appointed Chief Government Whip besides being appointed Parliamentary Secretary of Local Government. Later he was raised to the position of Minister of Local Government. Opposition[edit] In the following general election held in 1970, he was elected first MP for Colombo
Colombo
Central and sat in the Opposition with late J.R. Jayewardene, the Leader of the Opposition. Premadasa was once again appointed Chief Opposition Whip. Further, he was elected chairman of the General Assembly of the Commonwealth Inter- Parliamentary Association held in Australia. In the meantime, he held membership of the Constituent Assembly which drafted the constitution of 1972. Prime Minister[edit] Premadasa was elected first MP for Colombo
Colombo
Central in 1977 and became the Leader of the House and the Minister of Local Government. In addition he became the Deputy Leader of the UNP. When J.R. Jayewardene became the first Executive President of the country, Minister Premadasa became the Prime Minister
Prime Minister
on February 23, 1978.[5]

Ranasinghe Premadasa
Ranasinghe Premadasa
& Diyawadana Nilame Neranjan Wijeyeratne
Neranjan Wijeyeratne
with Raja Elephant

Presidency[edit] He was elected second Executive President of the country when late J. R. Jayewardene stepped down. He led the UNP to victory at the general election held in 1989. He survived the attempted impeachment by some of his party men together with opposition Members of Parliament. When he assumed duties as President, the country was in a bad shape with an insurgency in the South and the presence of the Indian Peace Keeping Force in the North and East. So, he first set about overcoming the two major problems in a very competent and matter of fact way. Then, he concentrated on building the economy, in which exercise too he was successful as seen by the improved position of the country’s economy during his tenure. However, Premadasa’s greatest achievements were in the field of housing, poverty alleviation and the upliftment of the down- trodden. He was the architect of many innovative development schemes, such as, the Gam Udawa, Presidential Mobile Service, 200 Garment Factories programme and so on. Premadasa proposed at the United Nations
United Nations
Organisation in New York to declare a year as International Year of Shelter for the Homeless. The proposal was unanimously accepted at the 37th session of the United Nations General Assembly and 1987 was declared the International Year of Shelter for the Homeless. He launched the Gam Udawa scheme all over the country. He is the eminent founder of the Janasviya, now the Samurdhi scheme. Premadasa met with less success in dealing with Sri Lanka's civil war. When he assumed office, he faced a rebellion in the south from the hardline Sinhala-nationalist, Marxist Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna
Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna
(JVP). The security forces brutally put down the revolt and killed many of its leaders. In the north, the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam
Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam
were facing off against the Indian Peace-Keeping Force. The Indian presence on the island was unpopular, and Premadasa requested India to leave. In order to force IPKF to leave the island, he authorized a clandestine operation to supply arms to LTTE
LTTE
according to the report published by the Sri Lankan Presidential commission to inquire into the 1992 assassination of one of the senior most officers in the Sri Lankan army, Lt Gen Denzil Kobbekaduwa.[6] The inquiry also found that Premadasa ordered clandestine supply of arms to LTTE. In the end, LTTE massacred 774 policemen using the same weapons he had given to LTTE (the policemen were asked to surrender to LTTE
LTTE
in Batticaloa at Premadasa's request).[7][8] After the IPKF left in 1990, the government's war with the LTTE
LTTE
resumed, and resulted in stalemate. During his presidency Premadasa took action to reduce poverty in the country. He encouraged the building of model villages with clean water, decent roads, schools and health centers. He encouraged the placement of small-scale industries, mostly garment-related, in poor areas by giving factory owners low-interest loans and a share in textile quotas for the United States and Europe.[3] Premadasa was well known for the unostentatious life led by him in his simple home, away from his luxurious official residence. He perhaps travelled less than any other leading Sri Lankan politician. During his presidency, he also expelled from the UNP his two formidable rivals Lalith Athulathmudali
Lalith Athulathmudali
and Gamini Dissanayake, who then joined to form the Democratic United National Front (DUNF). He was found to be involved in the assassination of Lalith Athulathmudali
Lalith Athulathmudali
by a presidential commission appointed by President Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga.[9][10] In 1992, he changed the country’s name in English from Sri to Shri Lanka on the advice of soothsayers, who predicted it would improve the country’s fortunes. However, after his assassination in 1993 the former spelling was restored. Assassination[edit] Ranasinghe Premadasa
Ranasinghe Premadasa
was killed along with 17 others on 1 May 1993, at 12.45 p.m. during a May day
May day
rally in north Colombo, by an LTTE
LTTE
suicide bomber. Another 38 people were injured in the bombing including seven who were seriously wounded. An island-wide curfew was imposed hours after the assassination. Prime minister Dingiri Banda Wijetunga sworn in as the new acting-president in the afternoon. Government did not announce the death of President Premadasa until 6 p.m. local time when state television Rupavahini broadcast a tape of BBC's report of the incident. A period of national mourning was announced until the funeral. Police claimed that they recovered the severed head of a young man suspected to be the bomber, which found to have a cyanide suicide capsule, bearing LTTE
LTTE
tradecraft in his mouth.[11] Family[edit] In 1960, he married Hema Wickramatunge, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Wickramatunge Arachchige Charles Appuhamy of Bandarawela, on June 23, 1964. The son, Sajith, and daughter, Dulanjali, were born to this couple.[5] See also[edit]

List of political families in Sri Lanka Sajith Premadasa

References[edit]

^ " Ranasinghe Premadasa
Ranasinghe Premadasa
DOB". PRIU GOV LK. Retrieved 14 May 2015.  ^ Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam
Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam
Backgrounder Council on Foreign Relations - 21 July 2008 ^ a b c d Gargan, Edward (2 May 1993). "Suicide Bomber Kills President of Sri Lanka". New York Times.  ^ 1956 Parliamentary Elections Results. Official Website, Department of Elections, Sri Lanka. ^ a b http://www.island.lk/index.php?page_cat=article-details&page=article-details&code_title=77978 ^ "Premadasa armed LTTE: Panel". Expressindia.com. 1998-04-18. Retrieved 2012-08-17.  ^ Premadasa aided LTTE: Panel ^ 21 years for the murder of 774 policemen ^ "Sri Lanka: The Untold Story, Chapter 58: Premadasa indicted". Asia Times Online. 2002. Retrieved 2011-06-09.  ^ "Sri Lanka: Information on whether the police are still seeking the assassins of Lalith Athulathmudali". United Nations
United Nations
High Commissioner for Refugees. 1998. Retrieved 2011-06-09.  ^ West, Nigel (15 August 2017). Encyclopedia of Political Assassinations. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 187. ISBN 978-1-538-10239-8. 

External links[edit]

Website of the Parliament of Sri Lanka Official Website of United National Party
United National Party
(UNP) Remembering Premadasa Methek Kathawa Divaina

Government offices

Preceded by Junius Richard Jayawardene President of Sri Lanka 1989–1993 Succeeded by Dingiri Banda Wijetunga

Preceded by Junius Richard Jayawardene Prime Minister
Prime Minister
of Sri Lanka 1978–1989 Succeeded by Dingiri Banda Wijetunga

Diplomatic posts

Preceded by Maumoon Abdul Gayoom Chairperson of SAARC 1991 Succeeded by Khaleda Zia

v t e

Presidents of Sri Lanka

William Gopallawa Junius Richard Jayewardene Ranasinghe Premadasa Dingiri Banda Wijetunga Chandrika Kumaratunga Mahinda Rajapaksa Maithripala Sirisena

v t e

Prime Ministers of Sri Lanka

Don Stephen Senanayake Dudley Senanayake John Kotelawala S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike Wijeyananda Dahanayake Dudley Senanayake Sirimavo Bandaranaike Dudley Senanayake Sirimavo Bandaranaike Junius Richard Jayewardene Ranasinghe Premadasa Dingiri Banda Wijetunga Ranil Wickremesinghe Chandrika Kumaratunga Sirimavo Bandaranaike Ratnasiri Wickremanayake Ranil Wickremesinghe Mahinda Rajapaksa Ratnasiri Wickremanayake Disanayaka Jayaratne Ranil Wickremesinghe

v t e

Defence Ministers of Sri Lanka

External Affairs and Defence (1947–1978)

Senanayake Senanayake Kotelawala Bandaranaike Dahanayake Senanayake Bandaranaike Senanayake Bandaranaike

Defence (1978–present)

Jayewardene Premadasa Wijeratne Wijetunga Marapana Rajapaksa Sirisena

v t e

Leaders of the House

Jayatilaka Senanayake Bandaranaike Kotelawala Jayewardene de Silva Jayewardene de Silva Senanayake Premadasa Wickremasinghe Mendis Wickremanayake Pathirana Lokubandara Sirisena de Silva Kiriella

v t e

← Members of the 4th Parliament of Ceylon (1960 (1960)) →

Speaker: Tikiri Banda Subasinghe Prime Minister: Dudley Senanayake Leader of the Opposition: C. P. de Silva

Central Province (23)

S. S. Abeysundera Bernard Aluwihare K. M. K. Banda M. D. Banda R. R. D. Bandaranayake T. William Fernando Abdul Cader Shahul Hameed T. B. M. Herath T. B. Ilangaratne T. B. Jayasundera D. H. Jayawickrema U. P. Y. Jinadasa Tissa Kapukotuwa C. A. S. Marikkar Chandrasena Munaweera R. S. Pelpola Donald J. Ranaweera E. L. Senanayake R. W. Tennekoon T. B. Tennekoon P. B. Aloysius Weerakoon J. D. Weerasekera Noel Wimalasena

Eastern Province (11)

T. Ahambaram M. S. Kariapper M. A. Abdul Majeed M. I. M. Abdul Majeed P. Manicavasagam Ahmed Hussain Macan Markar M. E. H. Mohamed Ali C. Rajadurai N. R. Rajavarothiam S. M. Rasamanickam Wijayabahu Wijayasinha

Northern Province (13)

V. A. Alegacone A. Amirthalingam M. Balasundaram S. J. V. Chelvanayakam V. Dharmalingam Alfred Duraiappah V. A. Kandiah E. M. V. Naganathan V. N. Navaratnam M. Sivasithamparam T. Sivasithamparam A. Sivasunderam K. Thurairatnam

North Central Province (8)

A. H. de Silva C. P. de Silva Sirimewan Godage E. L. B. Hurulle S. B. Lenawa R. B. Ratnamalala Maithripala Senanayake P. M. K. Tennakoon

North Western Province (16)

M. A. Adikari E. M. R. B. Ekanayake Hugh Fernando I. M. R. A. Iriyagolla L. B. Jayasena M. H. Naina Marikkar D. B. Monnekulame W. J. C. Munasinha Albert Peries A. U. Romanis Stephen Samarakkody A. H. Senanayake Richard Gotabhaya Senanayake Tikiri Banda Subasinghe Mudiyanse Tennakoon R. B. Tennekoon

Sabaragamuwa Province
Sabaragamuwa Province
(16)

P. B. Bandaranayake D. F. Hettiarachchi P. B. G. Kalugalla Wimala Kannangara Asoka Karunaratne V. T. G. Karunaratne W. A. Karunasena A. E. B. Kiriella Cyril Mathew N. M. Perera Abeyratne Pilapitiya Clifford Ratwatte Dudley Senanayake H. G. Somabandu H. Weragama Soma Wickremanayake

Southern Province (19)

W. D. S. Abeygoonawardena Matarage Sirisena Amarasiri D. P. Atapattu Neal de Alwis Lakshman de Silva William de Silva M. P. de Zoysa C. A. Dharmapala Prins Gunasekera Montague Jayawickrama P. L. Jinadasa Don Roy Rajapaksa George Rajapaksa Lakshman Rajapaksa R. G. Samaranayake Senapala Samarasekera Percy Wickremasinghe S. A. Wickramasinghe Justin Wijayawardhene

Uva Province
Uva Province
(10)

W. P. G. Ariyadasa K. Y. M Wijeratne Banda B. H. Bandara J. G. Gunasekera R. M. Gunasekera M. S. A. Peiris K. M. P. Rajaratne Kusuma Rajaratne C. P. J. Seneviratne W. G. M. Albert Silva

Western Province (35)

Felix Dias Bandaranaike S. D. Bandaranayake Somaweera Chandrasiri M. Ruskin Fernando T. Quintin Fernando Bibile Fonseka Cholomondeley Goonewardene Leslie Goonewardena Philip Gunawardena Robert Gunawardena Percy Jayakodi A. E. Jayasinghe D. Shelton Jayasinghe S. de Silva Jayasinghe Gamini Jayasuriya J. R. Jayewardene M. C. M. Kaleel D. C. W. Kannangara Pieter Keuneman R. B. Lenora Abdul Bakeer Markar Wijayapala Mendis Anil Moonesinghe A. J. Niyathapala James Peter Obeyesekere III Dayasena Pasqual K. E. Perera Paris Perera Ranasinghe Premadasa Edmund Samarawickrema M. P. de Z. Siriwardena Bernard Soysa V. A. Sugathadasa S. K. K. Suriarachchi Ratnasiri Wickremanayake

Appointed (6)

*This list is unfinished.

v t e

← Members of the 7th Parliament of Sri Lanka (1970 (1970)–1977) →

Speaker: Stanley Tillekeratne Prime Minister: Sirimavo Bandaranaike Leader of the Opposition: J. R. Jayewardene

Central Province (23)

M. S. Aluthgamage P. G. Ariyatillake Gamini Dissanayake A. G. Fernando Monty Gopallawa Abdul Cader Shahul Hameed T. B. M. Herath Tamara Kumari Ilangaratne D. M. Jayaratne T. B. Jayasundera U. P. Y. Jinadasa Hector Kobbekaduwa R. Kulatillake H. M. Navaratne E. L. Senanayake Hemachandra Sirisena P. Tennakoon T. B. Tennekoon Richard Udugama P. B. Unantenne J. D. Weerasekera Noel Wimalasena S. B. Yalegama

Eastern Province (11)

M. C. Ahamed K. W. Devanayagam A. L. Abdul Majeed M. A. Abdul Majeed M. M. Mustapha B. Neminathan C. Rajadurai P. R. Selvanayagam Senerath Somaratne S. Thambirajah A. Thangathurai

Northern Province (13)

V. A. Alegacone

S. A. Raheem

V. Anandasangaree C. Arulampalam S. J. V. Chelvanayakam V. Dharmalingam K. Jeyakody S. Kathiravelupillai C. X. Martyn V. N. Navaratnam K. P. Ratnam X. M. Sellathambu A. Thiagarajah K. Thurairatnam

North Central Province (8)

T. B. Herath A. M. Jinadasa R. B. Ratnamalala

A. M. S. Adhikari

K. B. Ratnayake Maithripala Senanayake Ratna Deshapriya Senanayake P. M. K. Tennakoon Leelaratne Wijesinghe

North Western Province (16)

S. M. Asenkudhoos

M. H. Naina Marikkar

Tissa Balalla Augustheenu Fonseka M. Herat S. B. Herat S. D. R. Jayaratne L. B. Jayasena G. W. Samarasinghe Tikiri Banda Subasinghe Mudiyanse Tennakoon Protus Tissera P. B. Wettewa D. P. Wickramasinghe M. A. J. Wijesinghe P. Wijesinghe S. Wijewardena

Sabaragamuwa Province
Sabaragamuwa Province
(16)

B. A. P. B. Balasuriya Nanda Ellawala Piyadasa Harischandra P. B. G. Kalugalla V. T. G. Karunaratne Sarath Muttetuwegama Vasudeva Nanayakkara N. M. Perera P. R. Ratnayake Mallikka Ellawala Ratwatte Dudley Senanayake

Rukman Senanayake

Athauda Seneviratne W. A. A. Sirisena Dharmadasa Wanniarachchi Dhanapala Weerasekera P. O. Wimalanaga

Southern Province (19)

Sumanapala Dahanayake Wijeyananda Dahanayake Neal de Alwis Ronnie de Mel L. C. de Silva Weerasinghe de Silva Henry William Dissanayake Prins Gunasekera Panini Ilangakoon Albert Kariyawasam M. G. Mendis Aelian Mahanaga Nanayakkara George Rajapaksa

Lakshman Rajapaksa

Mahinda Rajapaksa Roy Don Rajapaksa Senapala Samarasekera Edirisuriya Tennyson B. Y. Tudawe S. A. Wickramasinghe

Uva Province
Uva Province
(10)

R. M. Appuhamy W. P. G. Ariyadasa K. Y. M. Wijeratne Banda B. H. Bandara R. M. Bandara W. M. R. S. B. Delungahawatta A. M. Jayawardena S. A. S. Somapala Raja Welegama D. D. E. Wickremaratne

Western Province (35)

Kusala Abhayawardana Felix Dias Bandaranaike Sirimavo Bandaranaike A. T. Basnayake I. A. Cader Falil Caffoor Somaweera Chandrasiri

Dharmasena Attygalle

Wimalasiri de Mel Colvin R. de Silva K. C. de Silva

Wijayapala Mendis

Denzil Fernando Cholmondeley Goonewardena Leslie Goonewardena Vivienne Goonewardena Chandra Gunasekera T. B. Ilangaratne Lakshman Jayakody Bonnie Jayasuriya J. R. Jayewardene Pieter Keuneman A. D. J. L. Leo Mangala Moonesinghe S. Obeyesekera Dayasena Turnolius Pasqual Paris Perera

Joseph Michael Perera

R. S. Perera Ranasinghe Premadasa Wilfred Senanayake M. P. de Z. Siriwardena Bernard Soysa V. A. Sugathadasa

Vincent Perera

S. K. K. Suriarachchi Stanley Tillekeratne Herbert Wickramasinghe Ratnasiri Wickremanayake

Appointed (6)

Abdul Aziz M. D. S. Jayawardene S. S. Kulatileke Badi-ud-din Mahmud J. E. J. Rodrigo M. C. Subramaniam

Chelliah Kumarasuriyar

*Appointed MPs were abolished in 1972 by the First Republican Constitution

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 115982627 LCCN: n81072047 ISNI: 0000 0000 8323 6430 GND: 1017985375 SUDO

.