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Ramsgate
Ramsgate
is a seaside town in the district of Thanet
Thanet
in east Kent, England. It was one of the great English seaside towns of the 19th century. In 2001 it had a population of around 40,000. Ramsgate’s main attraction is its coastline, and its main industries are tourism and fishing. The town has one of the largest marinas on the English south coast, and the Port of Ramsgate
Port of Ramsgate
has provided cross-channel ferries for many years.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Governance 4 Economy 5 Demography 6 Culture

6.1 Tourism 6.2 Sports 6.3 Arts and local media 6.4 Landmarks

7 Architecture 8 Transport

8.1 By sea 8.2 By road 8.3 By rail 8.4 By air

9 Education 10 Twin towns 11 See also 12 Notes 13 Bibliography 14 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of Ramsgate

Ramsgate
Ramsgate
Sands in 1854

Photochrom
Photochrom
of The sands, 1899

Ramsgate
Ramsgate
began as a fishing and farming hamlet. The Christian
Christian
missionary St Augustine, sent by Pope Gregory the Great, landed near Ramsgate
Ramsgate
in 597AD.[3] The town is home to the Shrine of St Augustine. The earliest reference to the town is in the Kent
Kent
Hundred Rolls of 1274-5, both as Remmesgate (in the local personal name of ‘Christina de Remmesgate’) and Remisgat (with reference to the town).[4] The names Ramisgate and Raunsgate appear in the parish of St. Laurence records circa 1290.[5][6] These are all derived from late Anglo-Saxon ‘Hremmes’ from earlier ‘Hræfnes’ (raven’s) and ‘geat’ (gate), with reference to the gap in the cliffs.[7] In 1357, the area became known as Ramesgate.[8][9][10] Ramsgate
Ramsgate
was a member of the Confederation of Cinque Ports, under the 'Limb' of Sandwich, Kent.[11] The construction of Ramsgate
Ramsgate
Harbour began in 1749 and was completed in about 1850. The harbour has the distinction of being the only Royal Harbour in the United Kingdom. Because of its proximity to mainland Europe, Ramsgate
Ramsgate
was a chief embarkation point both during the Napoleonic Wars
Napoleonic Wars
and for the Dunkirk
Dunkirk
evacuation in 1940. The Official Illustrated Guide to South-Eastern and North and Mid-Kent Railways (June 1863) by George Measom from describes Ramsgate
Ramsgate
thusly: 'It is impossible to speak too favourably of this first rate town, its glorious sands, its bathing, its hotels, libraries, churches,etc. etc. not forgetting its bracing climate...The streets of Ramsgate
Ramsgate
are well paved or macadamed and brilliantly lighted with gas.' The architect A W Pugin
A W Pugin
and his sons lived in Ramsgate
Ramsgate
and built several important buildings there, including St Augustine's Church, The Grange, St Augustine's Abbey, and The Granville Hotel. The artist Vincent Van Gogh
Vincent Van Gogh
moved to Ramsgate
Ramsgate
in April 1876, at age 23. He boarded at 11 Spencer Square, which is identified by a blue plaque. He obtained work as a teacher at a local school in Royal Road, where he received his post.[12] In one of his letters [13][14] to his brother Theo, he described his surroundings: "There’s a harbour full of all kinds of ships, closed in by stone jetties running into the sea on which one can walk. And further out one sees the sea in its natural state, and that’s beautiful." In 1901, an electric tram service, one of the few inter-urban tramways in Britain, was introduced on the Isle of Thanet. The towns of Ramsgate, Margate
Margate
and Broadstairs
Broadstairs
were linked by 11 miles of track. In 1915–1916, early aircraft began to use the open farmland at Manston as a site for emergency landings. The location near the Kent coast gave Manston some advantages over the other previously established aerodromes. During the First World War, Ramsgate
Ramsgate
was the target of bombing raids by Zeppelin airships. By 1917 the Royal Flying Corps was well established and taking an active part in the defence of Britain. As RAF Manston, the aerodrome played an important role in the Second World War. It is now called Kent
Kent
International Airport, but is currently not operational. As the Second World War
Second World War
approached, Ramsgate
Ramsgate
Borough Council embarked on plans to create a network of Deep Shelter tunnels linking to a former railway tunnel which would provide shelter for 60,000 people. The tunnels were opened on 1 June 1939. 75 years later, in 2014, a part of this network was opened to visitors. [2] In October 1939, the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
established a Coastal Forces
Coastal Forces
base at Ramsgate
Ramsgate
called HMS Fervent, which operated Motor Torpedo Boats, Motor Gun Boats and Motor Launches until September 1945. From 27 May 1940, Ramsgate
Ramsgate
harbour was the main assembly point for the build-up of small craft needed for Operation Dynamo, the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk.[15] Once the evacuation was under way, Ramsgate
Ramsgate
became the second-busiest port after Dover, and just under 43,000 men passed through the port, transported onwards by 82 special trains.[16] Geography[edit]

A map of Ramsgate
Ramsgate
from 1945

Ramsgate
Ramsgate
is located 78 miles from central London in an east south-easterly direction at one of the most easterly points of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(the furthest point east is Lowestoft
Lowestoft
in Suffolk). The town is an amalgamation of two settlements: a fishing community on the coast in the shallow valley between two chalk cliffs, and an inland farming community that is now the Parish of St Lawrence. The cliffs are known as the East Cliff and the West Cliff and are predominantly residential areas. There are promenades along both cliff tops with parks at either end and sandy beaches on the coast. Climate[edit] Ramsgate
Ramsgate
has an oceanic climate ( Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification
Cfb) as is typical in the United Kingdom; the nearest Met Office weather station for which data is available is Manston Airport, about two miles west of the town centre. The highest temperature ever recorded is 34.6 °C (94.3 °F)[17] in August 2003, though typically the warmest day of the year averages 28.5 °C (83.3 °F)[18] and 8.8 days[19] will record a temperature of 25.1 °C (77.2 °F) or above. The lowest recorded temperature is -14.5 °C (5.9 °F),[20] in February 1986, though typically the coldest night of the year averages -6.2 °C (20.8 °F).[21] A total of 26.9 days[22] of the year should record an air frost. Rainfall averages around 600 mm[22] per year, a figure similar to that for the driest parts of England. Over 1 mm of rain can be expected on 106.6 days.[22] Averages refer to a mixture of the 1971-2000 and 1981-2010 climate periods. Being close to the coast, and in Southern England, sunshine compares favourably with most of the United Kingdom, at over 1800 hours[22] a year. Only the Sussex coast tends to be notably sunnier, although much of the remainder of the south coast receives a similar amount of sunshine as Ramsgate.

Climate data for Manston, elevation 54m, 1981-2010, extremes 1960-

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 16.4 (61.5) 16.8 (62.2) 20.2 (68.4) 25.0 (77) 29.6 (85.3) 31.2 (88.2) 33.6 (92.5) 34.6 (94.3) 29.6 (85.3) 24.9 (76.8) 18.0 (64.4) 15.9 (60.6) 34.6 (94.3)

Average high °C (°F) 7.3 (45.1) 7.4 (45.3) 10.1 (50.2) 12.6 (54.7) 15.8 (60.4) 18.9 (66) 21.7 (71.1) 21.9 (71.4) 18.9 (66) 14.9 (58.8) 10.7 (51.3) 7.9 (46.2) 14.01 (57.21)

Daily mean °C (°F) 4.8 (40.6) 4.7 (40.5) 6.9 (44.4) 9.0 (48.2) 12.1 (53.8) 15.1 (59.2) 17.6 (63.7) 17.8 (64) 15.4 (59.7) 11.9 (53.4) 8.0 (46.4) 5.4 (41.7) 10.73 (51.3)

Average low °C (°F) 2.2 (36) 1.9 (35.4) 3.6 (38.5) 5.3 (41.5) 8.4 (47.1) 11.2 (52.2) 13.5 (56.3) 13.7 (56.7) 11.8 (53.2) 8.8 (47.8) 5.3 (41.5) 2.9 (37.2) 7.38 (45.28)

Record low °C (°F) −12 (10) −14.5 (5.9) −6 (21) −3.7 (25.3) −1.1 (30) 0.9 (33.6) 6.4 (43.5) 5.4 (41.7) 2.2 (36) −3.1 (26.4) −6 (21) −8.8 (16.2) −14.5 (5.9)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 47.5 (1.87) 36.6 (1.441) 38.2 (1.504) 40.8 (1.606) 50.0 (1.969) 49.0 (1.929) 45.2 (1.78) 46.1 (1.815) 46.0 (1.811) 72.6 (2.858) 64.3 (2.531) 56.2 (2.213) 592.5 (23.327)

Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 10.3 8.5 9.0 8.1 8.5 8.1 7.1 6.9 7.9 10.6 10.9 10.8 106.7

Mean monthly sunshine hours 66.1 83.6 124.1 185.5 227.6 227.3 239.0 225.4 163.9 124.1 79.6 56.3 1,802.4

Source #1: Met Office[22]

Source #2: KNMI[23]

Governance[edit] Ramsgate
Ramsgate
is in the parliamentary constituency of Thanet
Thanet
South, which is represented by Conservative MP Craig Mackinlay. He won the seat in the 2015 general election, representing a Conservative hold after Laura Sandys
Laura Sandys
won the seat for the Conservatives in the 2010 General Election. Before 6 May 2010, the MP for Ramsgate
Ramsgate
was Stephen Ladyman, a Labour minister; he was preceded by Jonathan Aitken. Ramsgate
Ramsgate
was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1884. This was abolished in 1974, since when Ramsgate
Ramsgate
has been part of the Thanet local government district. The town is made up of seven electoral wards: Central Harbour, Cliffsend
Cliffsend
and Pegwell, Eastcliff, Nethercourt, Newington, Northwood, and Sir Moses Montefiore. These wards have seventeen of the fifty-six seats on the Thanet
Thanet
District Council; since the 2011 local elections fifteen of those seats have been held by Labour and two by the Conservative Party.[24] Currently the council is run by a UKIP
UKIP
majority. Following a successful campaign by local activist Gerry O'Donnell, a town council was established for Ramsgate
Ramsgate
in June 2009.[citation needed] The Town Mayor of Ramsgate
Ramsgate
is currently Councillor Trevor Shonk.[25] Economy[edit]

Ramsgate
Ramsgate
marina, location of many popular bars and pubs

Ramsgate's main industries are tourism and fishing. The town has a thriving marina with over 800 moorings and a range of marine-related businesses that operate in the renovated arches under Royal Parade. Colleges in the town also cater for students of English as a foreign language. Although Ramsgate
Ramsgate
has the most valuable fish landings in Kent (~£700,000 in 2003), the fishing industry is in decline.[26] The Port of Ramsgate
Port of Ramsgate
has provided cross-channel ferries for many years. Previously, Sally Ferries UK
Sally Ferries UK
provided a passenger and car ferry service to Dunkirk. Until April 2013, Transeuropa Ferries
Transeuropa Ferries
operated a freight and car ferry between Ramsgate
Ramsgate
and Oostende. Unemployment in Thanet
Thanet
stands at 4.1%; this is higher than the national average (2.5%).[27] There is some light industry in the town. An emerging industry is power generation, with 800 jobs expected to be created by the Thanet offshore wind project, a wind farm just off the coast. Ramsgate
Ramsgate
market is held in High Street, King Street and Queen Street every Friday and Saturday between 8:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m.[28] Ramsgate
Ramsgate
has a LETS scheme (RAMLETS) which was set up in 2014 enabling residents to trade goods and services using the virtual currency RAMs. It is working with the Newington Wellbeing Network to improve the lives of people living in the Newington ward of Ramsgate.[29] Demography[edit]

Ramsgate
Ramsgate
Compared

2001 UK Census Ramsgate Thanet
Thanet
District England

Total population 39,639 126,702 49,138,831

Foreign born 4.4% 5.1% 9.2%

White 98% 98% 91%

Asian 0.7% 0.6% 4.6%

Black 0.3% 0.3% 2.3%

Christian 72% 74% 72%

Muslim 0.3% 0.5% 3.1%

Hindu 0.1% 0.2% 1.1%

No religion 18% 16% 15%

Over 65 years old 18% 22% 16%

According to the 2001 UK census, Ramsgate
Ramsgate
has a population of 39,639.[30] The ethnicity of the town was 98.0% white, 0.8% mixed race, 0.3% black, 0.3% Chinese, 0.4% other Asian and 0.1% other ethnicity.[30] The place of birth of residents was 95.6% United Kingdom, 0.7% Republic of Ireland, 0.6% Germany, 0.6% other Western European countries, 0.3% Eastern Europe, 0.6% Far East, 0.5% Africa, 0.3% North America, 0.3% South Asia, 0.2% Middle East, 0.2% Oceania
Oceania
and 0.1% South America.[30] Religion was recorded as 71.6% Christian, 0.3% Muslim, 0.1% Hindu, 0.3% Buddhist, 0.1% Sikh
Sikh
and 0.1% Jewish. 17.9% were recorded as having no religion, 0.3% had an alternative religion and 7.1% didn't state their religion.[30] For every 100 women, there were 91.2 men. The age distribution was 6% aged 0–4 years, 16% aged 5–15 years, 5% aged 16–19 years, 31% aged 20–44 years, 24% aged 45–64 years and 18% aged 65 years and over.[30] Culture[edit] Tourism[edit]

Ramsgate
Ramsgate
Main Sands

Ramsgate's main attraction is its coastline, particularly Ramsgate Main Sands, which was awarded a Blue Flag in 2015.[31][32] Ramsgate's wartime deep shelter tunnels are open to the public for tours, which have been running since 2014.[33] The local council publishes a website specifically aimed at tourists visiting Ramsgate
Ramsgate
and neighbouring towns.[34] There is an annual regatta event based at Ramsgate
Ramsgate
during the summer.[35] Ramsgate
Ramsgate
carnival is an annual parade that takes place during the summer.[36] Other events include the annual Addington Street Fair and the French Market.[citation needed] Sports[edit] Ramsgate’s main football club, Ramsgate
Ramsgate
FC, plays in the Isthmian League Division One South. The local rivals of the club are Margate FC, situated 4 miles away. When the two teams meet, it is known as the Thanet
Thanet
derby. Ramsgate FC
Ramsgate FC
run a reserves team, which plays in the Kent
Kent
Football League Second Division, and a women’s team, which plays in the South East Counties Women’s League Kent
Kent
County Division. Ramsgate FC
Ramsgate FC
run five youth teams; the under-13 to under-18 teams compete in the Valley Express Kent
Kent
Youth League, and the club also runs Ramsgate
Ramsgate
Youth U7 to U16, which play in the Molten East Kent Youth League. Two other youth teams in Ramsgate
Ramsgate
are Trinity and Hugin Vikings; both play in The Molten East Kent
Kent
Youth League. Thanet
Thanet
Wanderers is the island’s only rugby team and has played at London Division 1 level, achieving its best result by defeating Doncaster at Twickenham in the final of the Intermediate Cup in 1997. The club runs five senior sides and many junior teams, all of which play at St Peter's. Cliftonville
Cliftonville
Hockey Club plays its home matches at St Lawrence College and has a clubhouse that it shares with Broadstairs
Broadstairs
Cricket Club.[37] Thanet
Thanet
Galaxy is a Pan Disability Football Club that provides structured coaching for male and female footballers of all ages who qualify within the nationally and internationally recognised Pan Disability categories. The club trains at Chatham House Grammar School and plays in Kent
Kent
Disability Football League in three age bands: U-11, U-16, and 16+. In their first season (2008/2009), the adult A team won the Kent
Kent
Disability League Adult Championship. Ramsgate’s sports facilities include a public swimming pool,[38][39] and a fitness centre[40] with a gym and sports hall. Tennis clubs can be found at Spencer Square and St Laurence. Ramsgate
Ramsgate
has three golf clubs: St Augustine's,[41] Stonelees,[42] and Manston.[43] There is also a sailing club, the Royal Temple Yacht Club, which is steeped in yacht-racing history and hosts racing throughout the year for a variety of historic trophies. The highlight of the season is the annual international sailing regatta, known as ' Ramsgate
Ramsgate
Week', which is usually held in August.[44] Arts and local media[edit]

Ramsgate
Ramsgate
Maritime Museum

The Gallery IOTA (Isle Of Thanet
Thanet
Arts) was based on the towns west cliff but is now on the harbour front.[45] Ramsgate
Ramsgate
Maritime Museum near the harbour quayside has exhibits showing the evolution of Ramsgate
Ramsgate
Harbour and east Kent
Kent
maritime history. One of Ramsgate's cinemas and theatres is the Granville Cinema, situated on Victoria Parade, in the town's Eastcliff area. The King's Theatre is situated near the town centre and offers shows, community events and a seniors' club every Monday. Talks on Ramsgate's history are frequently held there. Ramsgate
Ramsgate
has two paid-for newspapers, the Isle of Thanet
Thanet
Gazette and Thanet
Thanet
Times, both of which are owned by Northcliffe Media.[46] Free newspapers covering the town include the Thanet
Thanet
Extra, part of the KM Group; and yourthanet, belonging to KOS Media. The local radio stations are KMFM Thanet, owned by the KM Group, community radio station Academy FM (Thanet), and the county-wide stations Heart Kent, Gold and BBC Radio Kent. Thanet
Thanet
Community Radio (TCR [47] offers an online arts- and features-based service for Thanet District and the surrounding area where people can listen to podcasts of local interest. The service works closely with Dover
Dover
Community Radio. Landmarks[edit]

The Hugin Viking longship
Viking longship
in Pegwell.

The Hugin is a reconstructed Viking longship
Viking longship
located at Pegwell Bay in Ramsgate. It was a gift from the Danish government in commemoration of the 1500th anniversary of the legendary arrival of Hengist and Horsa to England
England
in the year 449. Architecture[edit] Main article: Historic Buildings in Ramsgate There are many Regency and Victorian buildings in Ramsgate. In all, there are 900 listed buildings in the town with more than 200 in the vicinity of the harbour.[48] One of the town's most notable buildings is the 18th century Townley House
Townley House
designed by Mary Townley.[49] The town has three notable churches. The first building used for worship in the Thanet
Thanet
parish of 'St Lawrence' was at St Laurence-in-Thanet; it was built in 1062 and rebuilt during the following centuries with the most significant changes made in the 16th century. Note the difference in spelling between the village of St Lawrence and its church, which is dedicated to the Roman Martyr Laurence. The second notable church is St Augustine's, which is situated on the town's West Cliff. It was designed by Augustus Pugin
Augustus Pugin
in 1847 in the Gothic Revival style. Its dedication commemorates Augustine, the first Archbishop of Canterbury, who landed at Ramsgate
Ramsgate
in AD 597 bringing Christianity
Christianity
to Britain. In March 2012 the church was designated a shrine to St Augustine of Canterbury; this ended a five-century absence of a shrine to St Augustine, as the original (at St Augustine's Abbey, Canterbury) had been destroyed during the Reformation. Thirdly, the town's parish church of St George is situated just off the High Street. Its lantern tower was added at the request of Trinity House as a navigational aid to passing ships and looks over the town. The ground was consecrated on 23 October 1827. St Augustine's is part of the Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Archdiocese of Southwark, whilst St Laurence
Laurence
and St George are both Church of England
England
and serve the Anglican
Anglican
community as part of the Diocese of Canterbury. Christ Church, built in 1847, also serves the Anglican
Anglican
community. Ramsgate
Ramsgate
library was originally built and paid for by Andrew Carnegie in 1904. On the evening of Friday 13 August 2004, it was destroyed by fire just two months short of its 100th anniversary.[50] Though suspicions were raised about the causes of the fire, due to a similarly timed fire at the town's registry office, an investigation was unable to establish how the fire had started. Shortly after the blaze, planning permission was granted for a new library. The library has now been fully restored, and was officially re-opened on 20 February 2009.[51] Transport[edit] By sea[edit] Main article: Port of Ramsgate The Port of Ramsgate
Port of Ramsgate
has a 700 berth marina, Royal Harbour Marina, and a ferry terminal built on reclaimed land. The harbour provides shelter from the effects of storms. The Goodwin Sands
Goodwin Sands
are nearby. In 2005, the marina had 12,000 visiting boats.[citation needed] Transeuropa Ferries passenger (with vehicle only) and freight ferries sailed until April 2013 to the Port of Ostend
Ostend
in Ostend, Belgium. The Port of Ramsgate has its own road access tunnel from outside the town, avoiding town centre congestion. The RNLI
RNLI
Ramsgate Lifeboat Station
Ramsgate Lifeboat Station
is in Ramsgate Harbour. By road[edit] Ramsgate
Ramsgate
is connected to the national road network primarily through the A299 Thanet
Thanet
Way, which continues on to the M2/A2 for the M25 (approx 1 hour) and London. The A256 provides a link to Dover
Dover
and onwards to the A20 for the Channel Tunnel. Bus services are provided by Stagecoach East Kent
Kent
and also serve Broadstairs, Canterbury, Sandwich
Sandwich
and Margate. By rail[edit] Main article: Ramsgate
Ramsgate
railway station Ramsgate railway station
Ramsgate railway station
is situated at the top of the town near the parish of St Lawrence. A new high-speed service to London started in December 2009, running on High Speed 1 (HS1), the UK’s first high-speed rail line, between London’s St Pancras station
St Pancras station
and Kent. The journey time from Ramsgate to the new St Pancras terminal, with excellent transport links, is 1 hour 16 minutes.[52] In March 2015, it was announced that journey times between Ramsgate and London St. Pancras are expected to be reduced to 63 minutes in 2019, due to infrastructure enhancements.[53] Other trains run from Ramsgate
Ramsgate
to London Charing Cross and London Victoria. Commuting time to the capital on these lines is approximately 1 hour 50 minutes. Trains from Ramsgate
Ramsgate
are routed via Margate, Chatham and Bromley South, or via Canterbury
Canterbury
West or Dover
Dover
Priory and Ashford International. Ramsgate railway station
Ramsgate railway station
is operated by Southeastern. By air[edit] Main article: Ramsgate
Ramsgate
Airport A municipal airport was opened on 1 July 1935, operating until the Second World War
Second World War
broke out in 1939. Following a short spell as a satellite of RAF Manston, it closed in 1940. The airport was re-opened in 1952 and operated until closure in 1968. Main article: Kent
Kent
International Airport The town is situated directly under the flight path of Kent International Airport at Manston. From September 2004 to August 2005 a low-cost airline EUjet
EUjet
operated frequent flights to many European destinations, replacing a large freight operator. However, flights were suspended after the collapse of its parent company, PlaneStation Group plc.[54] Manston was sold to Infratil
Infratil
(owner of Glasgow Prestwick International Airport) on 26 August 2005. Until May 2014, KLM Cityhopper operated two daily passenger flights from the airport to Schiphol airport in the Netherlands. The airport was regularly used by freight operators such as Cargolux and Meridian. The Airport was sold to Ann Gloag in November 2013. She was reported to be seeking a buyer, but her spokesman reported that a buyer had not been found, and the airport closed on 15 May 2014. Education[edit]

St Lawrence College public school in Ramsgate

Infant schools

Dame Janet Infant School Ellington Infants School Priory Infants School

Junior schools

Christ Church C Of E Junior School Dame Janet Junior School St Ethelbert's R C Junior Mixed & Infants School St Laurence-in- Thanet
Thanet
CE Junior School

Primary schools

Newington Community Primary School Newlands Primary School Chilton County Primary School

Secondary schools

Chatham and Clarendon Grammar School The Royal Harbour Academy St Lawrence College

Colleges and further education

Ramsgate's nearest college is East Kent
Kent
College. This is situated in the nearby town of Broadstairs. There is also a campus for Canterbury Christ Church University in Broadstairs, which is within very easy reach of Ramsgate. There is also a sixth form at Chatham and Clarendon Grammar School, and St. Lawrence College, which are the only two sixth forms in the town.

Twin towns[edit]

- Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, France - Chimay, Belgium - Frederikssund, Denmark

See also[edit]

Ramsgate lifeboat station
Ramsgate lifeboat station
Provides an inshore boat and an offshore boat. Ramsgate
Ramsgate
Harbour railway station Ramsgate
Ramsgate
Town railway station Ramsgate
Ramsgate
Cliff Railway List of people from Thanet#Ramsgate St Ethelbert's church, Ramsgate

Notes[edit]

^ "Town population 2011". Retrieved 2 October 2015.  ^ http://www.ramsgatetown.org/ ^ "Welcome - Shrine of St Augustine, Ramsgate". Retrieved 21 August 2016.  ^ http://www.kentarchaeology.ac/khrp/khrpa.html. ^ The black book of Canterbury. The register of St. Augustine's abbey, Canterbury.archive.org University of Toronto. Robarts Library. ^ ‘The history and antiquities of the church of St Laurence’ by Charles Cotton 1895. ^ Bosworth & Toller’s Anglo Saxon dictionary. ^ Concise Dictionary World place names, Oxford Uni. Press: 2005 ^ A Dictionary of British Place names 2003: A.D Mills ^ encyclopedia.com: OED etymology of "raven" ^ http://www.cinqueports.org/ramsgate.htm ^ "RM07 (-, ): To Theo van Gogh. Ramsgate, April-May 1876. - Vincent van Gogh Letters". Retrieved 21 August 2016.  ^ Van Gogh Letters Volume I https://www.thamesandhudson.com/vvgcontents.html[permanent dead link] ^ Van Gogh Museum - Letters http://vangoghletters.org/vg/letters/let077/letter.html ^ [W J R Gardner, The Evacuation from Dunkirk, Operation Dynamo
Operation Dynamo
26 May - 4 June 1940, Frank Cass Publishers 2000, ISBN 0-7146-5120-6 (p.21)] ^ " Dunkirk
Dunkirk
Evacuation and Trains - History Learning Site". Retrieved 21 August 2016.  ^ "2003 Maximum". Retrieved 1 March 2011.  ^ "Annual average warmest day". Retrieved 1 March 2011.  ^ "Average >25c days". Retrieved 1 March 2011.  ^ "1986 Minimum". Retrieved 1 March 2011.  ^ "Annual average coldest night". Retrieved 1 March 2011.  ^ a b c d e "Climate Normals 1981–2010". UK Government. January 2018. Retrieved 20 January 2018.  ^ "Climate Normals 1971–2000". KNMI. Retrieved 1 March 2011.  ^ "Council & Democracy". Thanet
Thanet
District Council. Archived from the original on 23 February 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2011.  ^ Ltd, Hudson Berkley Reinhart. "New Mayor of Ramsgate". Retrieved 21 August 2016.  ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 20 December 2006.  ^ "Unemployment figures for February 2006, Thanet
Thanet
District Council". Archived from the original on 27 September 2006. Retrieved 8 December 2006.  ^ http://www.thanet.gov.uk/council__democracy/thanet_fact_file/markets.aspx thanet.gov.uk ^ [1]"ramsgatelets.org.uk" ^ a b c d e "Neighbourhood Statistics". Statistics.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 25 May 2011. Retrieved 29 March 2007.  ^ "Beaches in Thanet
Thanet
and Cornwall top Blue Flag cleanliness standards". BBC News. Retrieved 21 August 2016.  ^ "Beaches2". Retrieved 21 August 2016.  ^ (philspain@ramsgatetunnels.org), Phil Spain. " Ramsgate
Ramsgate
Tunnels". Retrieved 21 August 2016.  ^ Welcome to Thanet: Broadstairs, Ramsgate
Ramsgate
and Margate ^ " Ramsgate
Ramsgate
Week 2017 - the Royal Temple Yacht Club annual regatta in Ramsgate, Thanet, Kent". Retrieved 21 August 2016.  ^ "おすすめの軽自動車". Retrieved 21 August 2016.  ^ " Cliftonville
Cliftonville
Hockey Club". Retrieved 16 March 2013.  ^ Ramsgate
Ramsgate
swimming pool is around 30 years old and will be rebuilt ^ "404 - Page - Your Leisure". Retrieved 21 August 2016.  ^ "404 - Page - Your Leisure". Retrieved 21 August 2016.  ^ "History - St Augustines Golf Course". Retrieved 21 August 2016.  ^ Stonelees Golf Club ^ "Manston Golf Centre - 9 Hole Golf Course". Retrieved 21 August 2016.  ^ "Welcome to Royal Temple Yacht Club". Retrieved 21 August 2016.  ^ "IOTA Home". Retrieved 21 August 2016.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 September 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012.  ^ " Thanet
Thanet
Community Radio Signature". Retrieved 21 August 2016.  ^ Ramsgate
Ramsgate
Focus ^ Paul Nettleingham, " Townley House
Townley House
in Ramsgate", Michaels Bookshop Ramsgate. Retrieved 15 March 2012. ^ "Arson inquiry after library fire". BBC News. 16 August 2004. Retrieved 24 June 2013.  ^ " Ramsgate
Ramsgate
Library's rebirth Trusted article source icon". this is Kent. 13 January 2009. Retrieved 24 June 2013.  ^ "Kent's seaside is a breath of fresh air : Southeastern". Retrieved 21 August 2016.  ^ " Kent
Kent
rail link to London to speed up with £12m investment". BBC News. Retrieved 21 August 2016.  ^ "Airline goes into administration". BBC News. 26 July 2005. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 

Bibliography[edit]

Martin Easdown, A Fateful Finger of Iron: The Story of the Ill-fated Ramsgate
Ramsgate
Promenade Pier Within a Resort History of the Town, Michaels Bookshop (Jul 2006), ISBN 1-905477-65-1 Bob Simmonds, Ramsgate
Ramsgate
From the Ground: An Alternative Look at the Town and Its History, Michaels Bookshop (April 2006), ISBN 1-905477-47-3

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ramsgate.

Ramsgate
Ramsgate
travel guide from Wikivoyage Ramsgate
Ramsgate
Town Council

v t e

Towns and villages in the Thanet
Thanet
district of Kent, England

Unparished areas

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Acol Birchington Broadstairs
Broadstairs
and St Peter's (town) Cliffsend Manston Minster Monkton Ramsgate
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