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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Rambouillet
Rambouillet
(IPA: [ʁɑ̃bujɛ]) is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de- France
France
in north-central France. It is located on the outskirts of Paris, 44.3 km (27.5 mi) southwest from the centre. Rambouillet
Rambouillet
is a sub-prefecture of the department. Rambouillet
Rambouillet
lies on the edge of the vast Forest of Rambouillet (Forêt de Rambouillet
Rambouillet
or Forêt de l'Yveline), and is famous for its historical castle, the Château de Rambouillet, which hosted several international summits. Due to its proximity to Paris
Paris
and Versailles, Rambouillet
Rambouillet
has long been an occasional seat of government.

Contents

1 Transport 2 Features 3 People 4 Education 5 International relations

5.1 Twin towns — sister cities

6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Transport[edit] Rambouillet
Rambouillet
is served by the SNCF
SNCF
Rambouillet
Rambouillet
railway station on the Transilien Paris
Paris
– Montparnasse suburban rail line to Chartres. Features[edit]

The Château de Rambouillet, a former medieval fortress, was acquired by Louis XVI of France
France
in 1783 as a private residence because of its ideal situation in the game-rich forest of Rambouillet. It became a bien national during the French Revolution
French Revolution
of 1789, and one of the imperial residences of Napoléon I during the First French Empire. At the time of the Bourbon Restoration, the castle became royal residence, and it is there that Charles X signed his abdication on 2 August 1830. Sometimes neglected at times of political unrest, the château de Rambouillet
Rambouillet
became the official summer residence of the French President of the Republic after President Félix Faure
Félix Faure
chose it as summer residence for himself and his family in 1896; Rambouillet thus became the official summer residence of the Presidents of the Third Republic and has retained its position ever since.[1] The Palais du Roi de Rome. In 1784, on a parcel adjacent to the gardens of the castle, Louis XVI had ordered the construction of the Hôtel du Gouvernement, which was restored during the reign of Napoléon I, and renamed Palais du Roi de Rome as the official Rambouillet
Rambouillet
residence of Napoleon's infant son. Its entrance is situated in the rue Charles de Gaulle, Rambouillet's main street. The Hôtel de Ville, the former Bailliage (Bailiwicks building) was built in 1786 at the request of Louis XVI by the architect Jacques-Jean Thévenin. It was given by Napoléon I to the inhabitants of Rambouillet
Rambouillet
to serve as their City Hall. The inscription over the doors of the City Hall reads "Donated to the inhabitants of Rambouillet
Rambouillet
by Napoleon
Napoleon
the Great, [in the] Year 1809". The new Saint-Lubin church was built between 1868 and 1871. Its architect was Anatole de Baudot, a student of Eugène Viollet-le-Duc. The Bergerie nationale was built on the grounds of the Domain of Rambouillet
Rambouillet
at the request of Louis XVI, and is the home of the Rambouillet
Rambouillet
Merino sheep since 1786.[2] The Laiterie de la Reine, the Queen's Dairy also built on the grounds of the Domain of Rambouillet, is adjacent to the Bergerie. It was built in 1787 at the request of Louis XVI for his wife Marie Antoinette and designed by the architect Jean-Jacques Thévenin.[3] The Chaumière des coquillages, a thatched-roof cottage with its marble interior decorated with shells and mother of pearl, was built in 1779-1780 in the English garden of the Domain of Rambouillet
Rambouillet
by Claude-Martin Goupy, the architect of the duc de Penthièvre, for the princesse de Lamballe, Penthièvre's widowed daughter-in-law. The Musée Rambolitrain, situated across from the Saint-Lubin church, is a museum featuring miniature trains.[4] We find a faithful reconstruction of a Parisian toy store of the 1930s.[5] The Monument Américain (The American Eagle Monument), is situated at the south entrance of the town on the D 906 road to Chartres, at the site of two ambushes in which seven American soldiers were killed, on 16 August 1944. The monument was erected in 1947. It bears the inscription: "À la mémoire des soldats américains tombés pour la libération de notre région en août 1944", "In memory of the American soldiers fallen for the liberation of our region in August 1944". The names of nine American soldiers are inscribed on a plaque on the monument. Commemorative ceremonies are held at the monument every 19 August.[6][7]

The church in Rambouillet

People[edit]

who were born in Rambouillet

Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, duc de Penthièvre, grandson of Louis XIV Ulysse Chevalier (1841–1923), bibliographer and historian Robert Benoist
Robert Benoist
(1895–1944), Grand Prix motor racing
Grand Prix motor racing
driver and war hero Jérémie Aliadière, former Arsenal football player, now with FC Lorient

who lived in Rambouillet

François Ier, king of France, died at the castle, supposedly in the tower Charles de Sainte-Maure, duc de Montausier and his wife Julie d'Angennes, the daughter of Charles d'Angennes and Catherine de Vivonne Louis-Alexandre de Bourbon, comte de Toulouse, legitimated son of Louis XIV
Louis XIV
and the Marquise de Montespan, and father of the duc de Penthièvre Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, duc de Penthièvre, grandson of Louis XIV, and son of the comte de Toulouse Maria Teresa d'Este, wife of the duc de Penthièvre, died in childbirth Princesse de Lamballe, duc de Penthièvre's daughter-in-law, killed in the September massacres of 1792 during the French Revolution Napoleon, Emperor of the French Charles X, king of France, who signed his 1830 abdication in the castle G. Lenotre, French author and historian Ernest Hemingway, American writer and journalist, lived a few days in Rambouillet
Rambouillet
in August 1944 Charles de Gaulle Sébastien Faure, Anarchist activist and pedagogue, who set up La Ruche ("The Beehive") free school near Rambouillet
Rambouillet
in 1904 Didier Pironi, Professional racing driver Gérard Larcher, former Mayor of Rambouillet, Senator of the Yvelines, President of the Senate (reelected in October 2017), and several times minister

who died in Rambouillet

François Ier, king of France, died in castle in 1547 Louis-Alexandre de Bourbon, comte de Toulouse, son of Louis XIV
Louis XIV
and father of the duc de Penthièvre, died in castle in 1737 Maria Teresa d'Este, wife of the duc de Penthièvre, died in childbirth in castle in 1754 Germaine Coty, née Corblet, wife of French president René Coty, died at the château de Rambouillet
Rambouillet
on 12 November 1955 Georges Wilson, French film and television actor and director, died at the Rambouillet
Rambouillet
hospital on 3 February 2010.

Education[edit] Schools in the commune include:

Eight preschools (écoles maternelles): Arbouville, Bel-Air, Clairbois, du Centre, Les Jardins, la Gommerie, de La Louvière, and La Ruche[8] Seven elementary schools: Arbouville, Clairbois, Gambetta, La Louvière, La Prairie, Saint Hubert, and Vieil Orme[9] Three junior high schools: Collège Catherine de Vivonne, Collège Le Racinay, and Collège Le Rondeau[10] Lycée Louis Bascan, a public senior high school/sixth-form college[11]

Private schools include:

Institution Sainte Thérèse, which includes preschool, elementary,[12] junior high,[10] and high school[11] École Jacinthe et François (private elementary school)[12] Collège Saint Jean Bosco (private junior high school)[10]

Universities:

University Institute of Technology of Vélizy Versailles Saint-Quentin-en- Yvelines
Yvelines
University

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in France Twin towns — sister cities[edit] Rambouillet
Rambouillet
is twinned with:

Lavenham, United Kingdom Kirchheim unter Teck, Germany Waterloo, Belgium Zafra, Spain Great Yarmouth, United Kingdom Montoro, Spain.[13]

See also[edit]

Duchy of Rambouillet Antoine Sartorio Communes of the Yvelines
Yvelines
department

References[edit]

^ G. Lenotre, Le château de Rambouillet : six siècles d'histoire, Éditions Calmann-Lévy, collection « Châteaux : décors de l'histoire », Paris, 1930. ^ "DEUX SIÈCLES D'HISTOIRE A LA BERGERIE NATIONALE" (in French). Archived from the original on 2002-12-09.  ^ "Centre des monuments nationaux". Chaumiere-laiterie-rambouillet.monuments-nationaux.fr. Retrieved 2015-07-17.  ^ "Le musée Rambolitrain" (in French). Ramboliweb.com. Retrieved 2015-07-17.  ^ "Mairie de Rambouillet
Rambouillet
- Musée Rambolitrain : informations générales" (in French). Rambouillet.fr. Retrieved 2015-07-17.  ^ [1] Archived July 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Françoise Winieska, Août 1944, la Libération de Rambouillet, France, Société Historique et Archéologique de Rambouillet
Rambouillet
et de l'Yveline (SHARY), Rambouillet, 1999, ISBN 2-9514047-0-0, English version by author under the title August 1944, the Liberation of Rambouillet, France, published by SHARY under same cover, ISBN 2-9514047-0-0. ^ "Les écoles maternelles." Rambouillet. Retrieved on September 4, 2016. ^ "Les écoles élémentaires." Rambouillet. Retrieved on September 4, 2016. ^ a b c "Les Collèges à Rambouillet." Rambouillet. Retrieved on September 4, 2016. ^ a b "Les Lycées à Rambouillet." Rambouillet. Retrieved on September 4, 2016. ^ a b "Les écoles privées." Rambouillet. Retrieved on September 4, 2016. ^ Federación Española de Municipios y Provincias. "List of Spanish local corporations twinned with Europe" (PDF). Retrieved November 22, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rambouillet.

Official website (in French)

v t e

Communes in the Metropolitan Area of Paris

Population over 2 million

City of Paris

Population over 100,000

Argenteuil Boulogne-Billancourt Montreuil Saint-Denis

Population over 75,000

Asnières-sur-Seine Aubervilliers Aulnay-sous-Bois Champigny-sur-Marne Colombes Courbevoie Créteil Nanterre Rueil-Malmaison Versailles Vitry-sur-Seine

Population over 50,000

Antony Le Blanc-Mesnil Bondy Cergy Chelles Clamart Clichy Drancy Épinay-sur-Seine Évry Fontenay-sous-Bois Issy-les-Moulineaux Ivry-sur-Seine Levallois-Perret Maisons-Alfort Meaux Neuilly-sur-Seine Noisy-le-Grand Pantin Saint-Maur-des-Fossés Sarcelles Sartrouville Sevran Villejuif

Population over 25,000

Alfortville Athis-Mons Bagneux Bagnolet Bezons Bobigny Bois-Colombes Brunoy Bussy-Saint-Georges Cachan Charenton-le-Pont Châtenay-Malabry Châtillon Chatou Le Chesnay Choisy-le-Roi Clichy-sous-Bois Conflans-Sainte-Honorine Corbeil-Essonnes La Courneuve Draveil Élancourt Ermont Franconville Fresnes Gagny La Garenne-Colombes Garges-lès-Gonesse Gennevilliers Gonesse Goussainville Grigny Guyancourt L'Haÿ-les-Roses Herblay Houilles Le Kremlin-Bicêtre Livry-Gargan Malakoff Mantes-la-Jolie Massy Melun Meudon Montfermeil Montigny-le-Bretonneux Montrouge Les Mureaux Neuilly-sur-Marne Nogent-sur-Marne Noisy-le-Sec Palaiseau Le Perreux-sur-Marne Pierrefitte-sur-Seine Plaisir Le Plessis-Robinson Poissy Pontault-Combault Pontoise Puteaux Rambouillet Ris-Orangis Romainville Rosny-sous-Bois Saint-Cloud Saint-Germain-en-Laye Saint-Ouen Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois Sannois Savigny-sur-Orge Savigny-le-Temple Stains Sucy-en-Brie Suresnes Taverny Thiais Trappes Tremblay-en-France Vanves Vigneux-sur-Seine Villemomble Villeneuve-la-Garenne Villeneuve-Saint-Georges Villeparisis Villepinte Villiers-le-Bel Villiers-sur-Marne Vincennes Viry-Châtillon Yerres

Population under 25,000

1,669 other communes

v t e

Communes of the Yvelines
Yvelines
department

Ablis Achères Adainville Aigremont Allainville Les Alluets-le-Roi Andelu Andrésy Arnouville-lès-Mantes Aubergenville Auffargis Auffreville-Brasseuil Aulnay-sur-Mauldre Auteuil Autouillet Bailly Bazainville Bazemont Bazoches-sur-Guyonne Béhoust Bennecourt Beynes Blaru Boinville-en-Mantois Boinville-le-Gaillard Boinvilliers Bois-d'Arcy Boissets La Boissière-École Boissy-Mauvoisin Boissy-sans-Avoir Bonnelles Bonnières-sur-Seine Bouafle Bougival Bourdonné Breuil-Bois-Robert Bréval Les Bréviaires Brueil-en-Vexin Buc Buchelay Bullion Carrières-sous-Poissy Carrières-sur-Seine La Celle-les-Bordes La Celle-Saint-Cloud Cernay-la-Ville Chambourcy Chanteloup-les-Vignes Chapet Châteaufort Chatou Chaufour-lès-Bonnières Chavenay Le Chesnay Chevreuse Choisel Civry-la-Forêt Clairefontaine-en-Yvelines Les Clayes-sous-Bois Coignières Condé-sur-Vesgre Conflans-Sainte-Honorine Courgent Cravent Crespières Croissy-sur-Seine Dammartin-en-Serve Dampierre-en-Yvelines Dannemarie Davron Drocourt Ecquevilly Élancourt Émancé Épône Les Essarts-le-Roi L'Étang-la-Ville Évecquemont La Falaise Favrieux Feucherolles Flacourt Flexanville Flins-Neuve-Église Flins-sur-Seine Follainville-Dennemont Fontenay-le-Fleury Fontenay-Mauvoisin Fontenay-Saint-Père Fourqueux Freneuse Gaillon-sur-Montcient Galluis Gambais Gambaiseuil Garancières Gargenville Gazeran Gommecourt Goupillières Goussonville Grandchamp Gressey Grosrouvre Guernes Guerville Guitrancourt Guyancourt Hardricourt Hargeville La Hauteville Herbeville Hermeray Houdan Houilles Issou Jambville Jeufosse Jouars-Pontchartrain Jouy-en-Josas Jouy-Mauvoisin Jumeauville Juziers Lainville-en-Vexin Lévis-Saint-Nom Limay Limetz-Villez Les Loges-en-Josas Lommoye Longnes Longvilliers Louveciennes Magnanville Magny-les-Hameaux Maisons-Laffitte Mantes-la-Jolie Mantes-la-Ville Marcq Mareil-le-Guyon Mareil-Marly Mareil-sur-Mauldre Marly-le-Roi Maule Maulette Maurecourt Maurepas Médan Ménerville Méré Méricourt Le Mesnil-le-Roi Le Mesnil-Saint-Denis Les Mesnuls Meulan-en-Yvelines Mézières-sur-Seine Mézy-sur-Seine Millemont Milon-la-Chapelle Mittainville Moisson Mondreville Montainville Montalet-le-Bois Montchauvet Montesson Montfort-l'Amaury Montigny-le-Bretonneux Morainvilliers Mousseaux-sur-Seine Mulcent Les Mureaux Neauphle-le-Château Neauphle-le-Vieux Neauphlette Nézel Noisy-le-Roi Oinville-sur-Montcient Orcemont Orgerus Orgeval Orphin Orsonville Orvilliers Osmoy Paray-Douaville Le Pecq Perdreauville Le Perray-en-Yvelines Plaisir Poigny-la-Forêt Poissy Ponthévrard Porcheville Le Port-Marly Port-Villez Prunay-en-Yvelines Prunay-le-Temple La Queue-les-Yvelines Raizeux Rambouillet Rennemoulin Richebourg Rochefort-en-Yvelines Rocquencourt Rolleboise Rosay Rosny-sur-Seine Sailly Saint-Arnoult-en-Yvelines Saint-Cyr-l'École Sainte-Mesme Saint-Forget Saint-Germain-de-la-Grange Saint-Germain-en-Laye Saint-Hilarion Saint-Illiers-la-Ville Saint-Illiers-le-Bois Saint-Lambert Saint-Léger-en-Yvelines Saint-Martin-de-Bréthencourt Saint-Martin-des-Champs Saint-Martin-la-Garenne Saint-Nom-la-Bretèche Saint-Rémy-lès-Chevreuse Saint-Rémy-l'Honoré Sartrouville Saulx-Marchais Senlisse Septeuil Soindres Sonchamp Tacoignières Le Tartre-Gaudran Le Tertre-Saint-Denis Tessancourt-sur-Aubette Thiverval-Grignon Thoiry Tilly Toussus-le-Noble Trappes Le Tremblay-sur-Mauldre Triel-sur-Seine Vaux-sur-Seine Vélizy-Villacoublay Verneuil-sur-Seine Vernouillet La Verrière Versailles Vert Le Vésinet Vicq Vieille-Église-en-Yvelines La Villeneuve-en-Chevrie Villennes-sur-Seine Villepreux Villette Villiers-le-Mahieu Villiers-Saint-Frédéric Viroflay Voisins-le-Bretonneux

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 156006547 GND: 4116900-1 BNF:

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