HOME
The Info List - Rainy Lake





Rainy Lake
Rainy Lake
(French: lac à la Pluie; Ojibwe: gojiji-zaaga'igan) is a relatively large freshwater lake (360 square miles (930 km2)) straddling the border between the United States
United States
and Canada. The Rainy River issues from the west side of the lake and is harnessed to make hydroelectricity for US and Canadian locations. The sister cities of International Falls, Minnesota, and Fort Frances, Ontario, are situated on either side of the outflow of the river from the lake. Rainy Lake
Rainy Lake
and Rainy River establish part of the boundary between the U.S. state of Minnesota
Minnesota
and the Canadian province of Ontario. [2] Voyageurs National Park
Voyageurs National Park
is located on the southeastern corner of the lake, where it connects with Kabetogama and Namakan Lakes at Kettle Falls. Rainy Lake
Rainy Lake
is part of an extremely large system of lakes forming the Hudson Bay drainage basin
Hudson Bay drainage basin
that stretches from west of Lake Superior north to the Arctic Ocean. The Rainy Lake
Rainy Lake
watershed includes the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness
Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness
(BWCA), portions of the Superior National Forest
Superior National Forest
on the US side of the border, and the Quetico Provincial Park on the Canadian side of the border.[3] For exploration and fur trade history see Winnipeg River
Winnipeg River
and additional references below. [4] [5]

Contents

1 Name 2 Recreation on Rainy Lake

2.1 Voyageurs National Park 2.2 Fishing 2.3 Rendezvous Yacht Club 2.4 Winter activities

3 Governance

3.1 Applicable laws 3.2 Border crossing 3.3 Water level management

4 Geology 5 Popular culture 6 Gallery 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Name[edit] Earliest documentation of the lake's name is "Tekamamiwen" (shown as "Lac de Tecamamiouen" on the Ochagach map (c. 1728),[6] as "Lac Tacamamioüer" on the 1739 de l'Isle map, as "Lake Tecamaniouen" on the 1757 Mitchell Map
Mitchell Map
and as "Lake Tekamamigovouen" on the Thomas Jefferys' 1762 Map of Canada). Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye cites that the name was a corruption from the Cree "taki-kimiwen", meaning "It always is raining", referring to the Rainy River, though the language does not quite support that claim.[7] He also cites that the lake was also known as "Ouichichick" (Ojibwe word Gojijiing or Cree Kocicīhk, both meaning "at the place of inlets"). Early documents lists the portion of Rainy Lake
Rainy Lake
east of the Brule Narrows as "Cristinaux [Cree] Lake"[8] or as "Little Lake."[9] Recreation on Rainy Lake[edit] Voyageurs National Park[edit] On Rainy Lake, Voyageurs National Park
Voyageurs National Park
maintains an extensive network of 46 boat-in camping sites on Rainy Lake
Rainy Lake
in addition to hiking trails and designated snowmobile trails for winter use. Fishing[edit] The lake is popular for sport and recreational fishing for species such as Walleye, Northern pike, Muskellunge, Crappie, Largemouth and Smallmouth bass, which are all considered excellent freshwater sportfish. Rainy Lake
Rainy Lake
is home to the annual Canadian Bass Championship, which has occurred every summer since 1996. The lake is dotted with many small islands on both the Canadian and American sides; they are the sites of numerous fishing cabins, small fishing resorts, and vacation homes. Fishing tourism is an important part of the local economy. Rendezvous Yacht Club[edit] Rainy Lake
Rainy Lake
is home to the Rendezvous Yacht Club. Winter activities[edit]

Ice road
Ice road
in April 2013

Winter access to Rainy Lake
Rainy Lake
by car is provided by an ice road maintained by the National Park Service. Popular winter sports include ice fishing, cross-country skiing, snowshoeing, and snowmobiling. Governance[edit] Applicable laws[edit] Rainy Lake
Rainy Lake
spans the Canada– United States
United States
border. The laws of Canada and the Province of Ontario
Ontario
apply to the portions of the lake on the Canadian side of the border; the laws of the USA and the State of Minnesota
Minnesota
apply to those portions on the US side of the border. The relevant law enforcement agencies of each country are responsible for the portions of the lake within their borders. The Canadian and U.S. Coast Guards maintains navigational aids on their respective sides of the border. Boaters and fishermen must be aware of the requirements imposed by relevant jurisdictions (Canada, USA) while traveling or fishing on Rainy Lake. Border crossing[edit] Visitors to Canada
Canada
must report to a Canada
Canada
Customs office before going ashore in Canada. However, US and Canadian citizens and permanent residents traveling on the lake who wish to go ashore can apply for a CANPASS Remote Area Border Crossing (RABC) permit allowing them to enter into Canada
Canada
without reporting to Canadian customs. Boaters entering US waters from Canada, and who are citizens or permanent residents of the US and Canada, can apply for the Canadian Border Boat Landing Program (I-68 Permit Program) which allows them to report to US Customs and Border Protection by telephone. With proper documentation, these permits can be obtained at the US and Canadian customs offices located near the International Bridge in International Falls and Fort Frances, respectively. Water level management[edit] The level of Rainy Lake
Rainy Lake
is controlled at the hydro-electric power houses of the international dam that spans the Rainy River between International Falls and Fort Frances, at two water-control dams located at Kettle Falls where the outflow from Namakan Lake enters Rainy Lake, and at the Sturgeon Falls Generating Station located on the Seine River. The companies that own and operate the powerhouses (Boise Paper on the U.S. side and H2O Power Limited Partnership on the Canadian side) are responsible for maintaining lake level and flow changes from the dams within normal ranges, subject to regulatory oversight by the International Rainy-Lake of the Woods Watershed Board (IRLWWB). The IRLWWB is a board of the International Joint Commission (IJC), which is a bi-national organization created out of the International Boundary Waters Treaty of 1909 for the purposes of handling boundary water issues between the United States
United States
and Canada. Geology[edit] Geologically Rainy Lake
Rainy Lake
is part of the Superior Craton
Superior Craton
of the Canadian Shield and retains features associated with it, such as a large, ancient caldera and fault lines that can be clearly seen in satellite images of the lake. [10] The Rainy Lake
Rainy Lake
- Seine River Fault zone is a strike-slip fault zone passing through Rainy Lake
Rainy Lake
from Tilson Bay in the southwest to Seine Bay in the northeast. [11] The Quetico Fault passes through Rainy Lake
Rainy Lake
on an east-west path through McDonald Inlet. [12] The fault system forms a triangular wrench zone separating the granite-greenstone terrain of the Wabigoon subprovince to the north from the metasedimentary terrain of the Quetico subprovince to the south. [13] The rock under the lake and exposed on many of its islands is an exposed part of the North American craton
North American craton
composed of ancient Precambrian
Precambrian
rock. This rock has been significantly affected by glaciation, which dominates much of the recent geologic history of the area. Popular culture[edit] Rainy Lake
Rainy Lake
(Rainy River) plays a pivotal role in Tim O'Brien's novel, The Things They Carried. Other novels set on Rainy Lake
Rainy Lake
include

Wilder's Edge by Diane Bradley, published by North Star Press of St. Cloud, 2013. Wilder's Foe by Diane Bradley, published by North Star Press of St. Cloud, 2014. Frozen by Mary Casanova, published by University of Minnesota
Minnesota
Press, 2012. When Eagles Fall by Mary Casanova, published by University of Minnesota
Minnesota
Press, 2014.

Non-fiction works set on Rainy Lake
Rainy Lake
include

Fawn Island by Doug Woods, published by University of Minnesota
Minnesota
Press, 2001.

Gallery[edit]

Morans Bay of Rainy Lake

Sunrise on Rainy Lake

Sunset over Rainy Lake

Little American Island

Black Bay

Channel between islands on Rainy Lake.

Lost Bay

Nightscape on Sand Bay

Channel at Kettle Falls

Sand Bay

Mermaid Sculpture on Rainy Lake[14]

Rainy Lake
Rainy Lake
Shoreline

Brule Narrows

See also[edit] Media related to Rainy Lake
Rainy Lake
at Wikimedia Commons

Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness Ernest Oberholtzer International Falls, Minnesota Kettle Falls Historic District Koochiching County, MN Nigigoonsiminikaaning First Nation Quetico Provincial Park Rainy River Rainy River District, Ontario Seine River First Nation Voyageurs National Park

References[edit]

^ Rahm, Joe. Island Images: Rainy Lake’s missing islands. The Journal. 14 Feb. 2010. ^ Geographical Place Names of Voyageurs National Park
Voyageurs National Park
(PDF), 2008, retrieved 2013-07-25  ^ "Rapid Watershed Assessment: Rainy Lake" (PDF). Natural Resources Conservation Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2017-07-16.  ^ Douglas A. Birk; Jeffrey J. Richner (2004), From Things Left Behind: Fur Trade Sites and Artifacts, Voyageurs National Park
Voyageurs National Park
and Environs, 2001-2002, Midwest Archeological Center and Institute for Minnesota Archaeology, MAC Technical Report Number 84, IMA Reports of Investigation Number 606, retrieved 2017-07-16  ^ Ted Catton; Marcia Montgomery, Special
Special
History: The Environment and the Fur Trade Experience in Voyageurs National Park, 1730-1870, retrieved 2017-07-16  ^ "Ochagach map (c. 1728)". Retrieved 2017-07-16.  ^ Gaultier de Varennes, Pierre (1905), The Canadian West, Montreal: Beauchemin, p. 35, retrieved 2017-07-16  ^ Gaultier de Varennes, Pierre (1905), The Canadian West, Montreal: Beauchemin, p. 33, retrieved 2017-07-16  ^ Cary, John (1807), A new map of part of the United States
United States
of North America, exhibiting the Western Territory, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia &c., also the lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron, Ontario
Ontario
& Erie; with Upper and Lower Canada
Canada
&c. From the latest authorities., London: J. Cary, Engraver & Map-seller  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Graham, J. (June 2007), Voyageurs National Park
Voyageurs National Park
Geologic Resource Evaluation Report (PDF), Denver, Colorado: National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, Natural Resource Report NPS/NRPC/GRD/NRR—2007/007, retrieved 2013-07-25  ^ Hemstad, C. B.; et al. (2000), M-105 Bedrock geology of the Island View quadrangle, Koochiching County, north-central Minnesota, retrieved 2013-07-25  ^ Fumerton, S. L. (1982), "Redefinition of the Quetico Fault near Atikokan, Ontario", Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 19: 222–224, doi:10.1139/e82-015  ^ Poulsen, K. Howard (1986), " Rainy Lake
Rainy Lake
Wrench Zone: An Example of an Archean Subprovince Boundary in Northwestern Ontario", Workshop on Tectonic Evolution of Greenstone Belts, Bibcode:1986tegb.work..177P  ^ "Mysteries of mermaid revealed at art show", Fort Frances
Fort Frances
Times Online, retrieved 2017-07-16 

External links[edit]

http://www.rainylake.org/ Explore Rainy Lake Minnesota
Minnesota
Department of Natural Resources: Lake Information Report Lake Maps and Lake Levels Rainy Lake
Rainy Lake
Webcam Rainy Lake
Rainy Lake
Conservancy International Rainy-Lake of the Woods Wat

.