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Rabat
Rabat
(Arabic: الرِّبَاط‎, al-ribāṭ; Berber languages: ⴰⵕⴱⴰⵟ Aṛṛbaṭ) is the capital city of Morocco
Morocco
and its second largest city with an urban population of approximately 580,000 (2014)[2] and a metropolitan population of over 1.2 million. It is also the capital city of the Rabat-Salé-Kénitra
Rabat-Salé-Kénitra
administrative region.[3] The city is located on the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
at the mouth of the river Bou Regreg. On the facing shore of the river lies Salé, the city's main commuter town. Rabat, Temara, and Salé
Salé
form a conurbation of over 1.8 million people. Silt-related problems have diminished Rabat's role as a port; however, Rabat
Rabat
and Salé
Salé
still maintain important textile, food processing and construction industries. In addition, tourism and the presence of all foreign embassies in Morocco
Morocco
serve to make Rabat
Rabat
one of the most important cities in the country. Once a reputed corsair haven, Rabat
Rabat
served as one of the many ports in North Africa
Africa
for the Barbary pirates, who were particularly active from the 16th through the 18th centuries. Rabat
Rabat
is accessible by train through the ONCF
ONCF
system and by plane through the nearby Rabat– Salé
Salé
Airport. The Moroccan capital was ranked at second place by CNN
CNN
in its "Top Travel Destinations of 2013".[4] It is one of four Imperial cities of Morocco, and the medina of Rabat
Rabat
is listed as a World Heritage Site.

Contents

1 History

1.1 12th to 17th century 1.2 Corsair republics 1.3 20th century

1.3.1 French invasion 1.3.2 Post World War II

2 Neighbourhoods of Rabat 3 Bouregreg Marina 4 Subdivisions 5 Families of Rabat 6 Climate 7 Culture

7.1 Mawazine 7.2 Main sights

8 Notable people from Rabat 9 Transport

9.1 Air 9.2 Trains 9.3 Tram

10 Sports

10.1 Football 10.2 Handball 10.3 Basketball 10.4 Volleyball

11 Gallery 12 International relations

12.1 Twin towns—sister cities

13 References 14 Bibliography 15 External links

History[edit] See also: Timeline of Rabat

Bab Oudaia gate

12th to 17th century[edit] Rabat
Rabat
has a relatively modern history compared to the nearby ancient city of Salé. In 1146, the Almohad
Almohad
ruler Abd al-Mu'min[5] turned Rabat's ribat into a full-scale fortress to use as a launching point for attacks on Iberia. In 1170, due to its military importance, Rabat acquired the title Ribatu l-Fath, meaning "stronghold of victory," from which it derives its current name.[6] Yaqub al-Mansur (known as Moulay Yacoub in Morocco), another Almohad Caliph, moved the capital of his empire to Rabat.[7] He built Rabat's city walls, the Kasbah of the Udayas
Kasbah of the Udayas
and began construction on what would have been the world's largest mosque. However, Yaqub died and construction stopped. The ruins of the unfinished mosque, along with the Hassan Tower, still stand today. Yaqub's death initiated a period of decline. The Almohad
Almohad
empire lost control of its possessions in Spain
Spain
and much of its African territory, eventually leading to its total collapse. In the 13th century, much of Rabat's economic power shifted to Fez. In 1515 a Moorish
Moorish
explorer, El Wassan, reported that Rabat
Rabat
had declined so much that only 100 inhabited houses remained. An influx of Moriscos, who had been expelled from Spain, in the early 17th century helped boost Rabat's growth. Corsair republics[edit] Rabat
Rabat
and neighboring Salé
Salé
united to form the Republic of Bou Regreg in 1627[8]. The republic was run by Barbary pirates
Barbary pirates
who used the two cities as base ports for launching attacks on shipping. The pirates did not have to contend with any central authority until the Alaouite Dynasty united Morocco
Morocco
in 1666. The latter attempted to establish control over the pirates, but failed. European and Muslim authorities continued to attempt to control the pirates over many years, but the Republic of Bou Regreg
Bou Regreg
did not collapse until 1818. Even after the republic's collapse, pirates continued to use the port of Rabat, which led to the shelling of the city by Austria in 1829 after an Austrian ship had been lost to a pirate attack. 20th century[edit] French invasion[edit] The French invaded Morocco
Morocco
in 1912[9] and established a protectorate. The French administrator of Morocco, General Hubert Lyautey,[10] decided to relocate the country's capital from Fez to Rabat. Among other factors, rebellious citizens had made Fez an unstable place. Sultan Moulay Youssef followed the decision of the French and moved his residence to Rabat. In 1913, Gen. Lyautey hired Henri Prost who designed the Ville Nouvelle (Rabat's modern quarter) as an administrative sector. When Morocco
Morocco
achieved independence in 1955, Mohammed V, the then King of Morocco, chose to have the capital remain at Rabat. Post World War II[edit]

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Following World War II, the United States
United States
established a military presence in Rabat
Rabat
at the former French air base. By the early 1950s, Rabat
Rabat
Salé
Salé
Air Base was a U.S. Air Force
U.S. Air Force
installation hosting the 17th Air Force
17th Air Force
and the 5th Air Division, which oversaw forward basing for Strategic Air Command
Strategic Air Command
(SAC) B-47 Stratojet
B-47 Stratojet
aircraft in the country. With the destabilization of French government in Morocco, and Moroccan independence in 1956, the government of Mohammed V wanted the U.S. Air Force
U.S. Air Force
to pull out of the SAC bases in Morocco, insisting on such action after American intervention in Lebanon
Lebanon
in 1958. The United States agreed to leave as of December 1959, and was fully out of Morocco
Morocco
by 1963. SAC felt the Moroccan bases were much less critical with the long range capability of the B-52 Stratofortresses that were replacing the B-47s and with the completion of the USAF installations in Spain
Spain
in 1959.[11] With the USAF withdrawal from Rabat- Salé
Salé
in the 1960s, the facility became a primary facility for the Royal Moroccan Air Force
Royal Moroccan Air Force
known as Air Base Nº 1, a status it continues to hold. Neighbourhoods of Rabat[edit]

The headquarters of Maroc Telecom

Rabat
Rabat
is an administrative city. It does have many shopping districts and residential neighbourhoods. The geographically spread out neighbourhoods are as follows: The heart of the city consists of three parts: the Medina (old town); the Oudayas and Hassan both located to meet the Bou Regreg; and the Atlantic Ocean. To the west, and along the waterfront, there is a succession of neighbourhoods. First, around the ramparts, there is the old neighbourhoods, Quartier l'Océan and Quartier les Orangers. Beyond that, a succession of mostly working-class districts: Diour Jamaa, Akkari, Yacoub El Mansour, Massira and Hay el Fath are the main parts of this axis. Hay el Fath, which ends this sequence, evolves into a middle-class neighbourhood. To the east, along the Bouregreg, the Youssoufia region: Mabella; Taqaddoum; Hay Nahda; Aviation; and Rommani (working and middle classes). Between the two axes, from north to south, there are three main neighbourhoods (middle class to affluent): Agdal (Ward Building; a lively mix of residential and commercial buildings. The residents are predominantly upper middle class); Hay Riad (affluent villas; this neighbourhood has experienced a surge of momentum since the 2000s); and Souissi (residential neighborhood). On the outskirts of Souissi, are a number of less-dense regions mainly comprising large private houses to areas that seem out of the city.[12]

Riad District

Pietri Square

Rabat
Rabat
Hassan

Avenue Mohammed V

Bouregreg Marina[edit] Located between the Atlantic and the Bouregreg Valley, this magnificent river marina is paved with famous historical sites like the esplanade of the Hassan Tower
Hassan Tower
and the picturesque Chellah necropolis, which has witnessed many Mediterranean civilizations pass by. Outfitted with the most modern equipment to host up to 240 boats, the Bouregreg Marina aims to become an essential destination for recreational boaters seeking long stays or just an unforgettable stopover on their way to West Africa, the Caribbean or the shores of North America.

Bouregreg Marina

Behind Tûranor PlanetSolar
Tûranor PlanetSolar
is a new Hassan II bridge between Rabat and Salé

Subdivisions[edit] The prefecture is divided administratively into the following:[2]

Name Geographic code Type Households Population (2014) Foreign population Moroccan population Notes

Agdal Riyad 421.01.01. Arrondissement 22,399 77,257 4,572 72,685

El Youssoufia 421.01.03. Arrondissement 42,312 170,561 2,858 167,703

Hassan 421.01.05. Arrondissement 32,848 108,179 2,151 106,025

Souissi 421.01.06. Arrondissement 5,924 23,366 1,203 22,163

Touarga 421.01.07. Municipality 812 3,932 8 3,924

Yacoub El Mansour 421.01.09. Arrondissement 47,375 194,532 2,099 192,433

Families of Rabat[edit]

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Called Rbatis, these families have lived for more than 400 years with many events in common. From the expulsion of the Moriscos to arrive at the foundation of a culture that combines the Arabic and Andalusian cultures, through the Republic of Bouregreg events than other families coming to live in Rabat
Rabat
recently, have not known. Since its founding, Rabat
Rabat
was inhabited by several families from the High Atlas with Abu Yusuf Yaqub al-Mansur, who founded the city in 1198, then families from many parts of Morocco
Morocco
have settled. Rabat
Rabat
has around 1240 a few hundred fifty families whose families Chiadmi, Regragui, Loudiyi, etc. Since the end of the thirteenth century, the city has had an influx of Moriscos expelled from Granada until 1609, the year of total expulsion of Muslims from Spain
Spain
by Philip III. These families include: Bargach (Vargas); Guedira (Guadaira); Mouline (Molina); Sebbata (Zapata); and Frej. The said families are considered, until today, as "Rbati's Families of strain". They are about four hundred families. Other families in the city are considered residents of Rabat
Rabat
because they came at the time when Rabat
Rabat
became the capital of the country, either through rural exodus or to work in public administration based in the city since the establishment of the protectorate. The city is on the territory of Zaer, an Arab tribe of Maqil origin. Leo Africanus
Leo Africanus
in the early 16th century
16th century
the signals in the region of Khenifra
Khenifra
there, she continued on to the north to the Rabat
Rabat
region. Climate[edit] Rabat
Rabat
features a Mediterranean climate
Mediterranean climate
(Csa) with warm to hot dry summers and mild damp winters. Located along the Atlantic Ocean, Rabat has a mild, temperate climate, shifting from cool in winter to warm days in the summer months. The nights are always cool (or cold in winter, it can reach Sub 0 °C (32 °F) sometimes), with daytime temperatures generally rising about +7/8 C° (+15/18 F°). The winter highs typically reach only 17.2 °C (63.0 °F) in December–February. Summer daytime highs usually hover around 25 °C (77.0 °F), but may occasionally exceed 30 °C (86.0 °F), especially during heat waves. Summer nights are usually pleasant and cool, ranging between 11 °C (51.8 °F) and 19 °C (66.2 °F) and rarely exceeding 20 °C (68.0 °F). Rabat
Rabat
belongs to the sub-humid bioclimatic zone with an average annual precipitation of 560 mm. Rabat's climate resembles the southwest coast of the Iberian Peninsula and the coast of SoCal.

Climate data for Rabat
Rabat
(Rabat– Salé
Salé
Airport) 1961–1990, extremes 1943–present

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 30.0 (86) 31.0 (87.8) 35.8 (96.4) 37.6 (99.7) 43.0 (109.4) 43.7 (110.7) 47.2 (117) 45.8 (114.4) 42.3 (108.1) 38.0 (100.4) 35.1 (95.2) 30.0 (86) 47.2 (117)

Average high °C (°F) 17.2 (63) 17.7 (63.9) 19.2 (66.6) 20.0 (68) 22.1 (71.8) 24.1 (75.4) 26.8 (80.2) 27.1 (80.8) 26.4 (79.5) 24.0 (75.2) 20.6 (69.1) 17.7 (63.9) 21.9 (71.4)

Daily mean °C (°F) 12.6 (54.7) 13.1 (55.6) 14.2 (57.6) 15.2 (59.4) 17.4 (63.3) 19.8 (67.6) 22.2 (72) 22.4 (72.3) 21.5 (70.7) 19.0 (66.2) 15.9 (60.6) 13.2 (55.8) 17.2 (63)

Average low °C (°F) 8.0 (46.4) 8.6 (47.5) 9.2 (48.6) 10.4 (50.7) 12.7 (54.9) 15.4 (59.7) 17.6 (63.7) 17.7 (63.9) 16.7 (62.1) 14.1 (57.4) 11.1 (52) 8.7 (47.7) 12.5 (54.5)

Record low °C (°F) −3.2 (26.2) −2.6 (27.3) −0.4 (31.3) 3.8 (38.8) 5.3 (41.5) 9.0 (48.2) 10.0 (50) 11.0 (51.8) 10.0 (50) 7.0 (44.6) 0.0 (32) 0.3 (32.5) −3.2 (26.2)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 77.2 (3.039) 74.1 (2.917) 60.9 (2.398) 62.0 (2.441) 25.3 (0.996) 6.7 (0.264) 0.5 (0.02) 1.3 (0.051) 5.7 (0.224) 43.6 (1.717) 96.7 (3.807) 100.9 (3.972) 554.9 (21.846)

Average precipitation days 9.9 9.8 9.0 8.7 5.7 2.4 0.3 0.4 2.4 6.4 10.2 10.4 75.6

Average relative humidity (%) 82 82 80 78 77 78 78 79 80 79 80 83 80

Mean monthly sunshine hours 179.9 182.3 232.0 254.5 290.5 287.6 314.7 307.0 261.1 235.1 190.5 180.9 2,916.1

Source #1: NOAA[13]

Source #2: Deutscher Wetterdienst
Deutscher Wetterdienst
(humidity, 1973–1993),[14] Meteo Climat (record highs and lows)[15]

Culture[edit]

Hassan Tower

Hotel Balima

Mosquée As-sounah

Saint-Pierre Cathedral

The biggest place for theatre is the Theatre Mohammed V in the centre of the town. The city has a few official galleries and an archeological museum. Many organizations are active in cultural and social issues. Orient-Occident Foundation and ONA Foundation are the biggest of these. An independent art scene is active in the city. L'appartement 22, which is the first independent space for visual arts created by Abdellah Karroum, opened in 2002 and introduced international and local artists. Other independent spaces opened few years after, such as Le Cube, also set up in a private space. Mawazine[edit] Main article: Mawazine Mawazine
Mawazine
is a music festival in Rabat
Rabat
welcomed by Mohammed VI
Mohammed VI
King of Morocco, that started in 2001 where music groups, fans and spectators come together in a week-long celebration of culture and music both locally and internationally. Musicians such as Scorpions, Rihanna, Elton John, Stromae
Stromae
and many others have performed at the festival. Mawazine
Mawazine
was host to more than 2,500,000 in 2013. Workshops are available for teaching dances and other arts. The festival is free. However, while most areas are free, there are those that require payment, specifically the smaller stages being the historical site of Chellah, the Mohammed V National Theater, and the Renaissance Cultural Center.[16] Main sights[edit]

Mausoleum of Mohammed V Mohammed V University Hassan Tower Chellah
Chellah
Necropolis Kasbah of the Udayas Rabat
Rabat
Archaeological Museum Musée Mohamed VI d'Art Moderne et Contemporain

Bab El-Had Gate

Bab-Rouah Gate

Bab Oudaïa Gate

Mausoleum of Mohammed V

Notable people from Rabat[edit] Politicians

Reuven Abergel, Israeli social and political activist Marc Perrin de Brichambaut, French judge and diplomat Dominique de Villepin, former Prime Minister of France Richard Dell'Agnola, French politician David Levy, Israeli politician Maxim Levy, Israeli politician Bernard Squarcini, French counter-terrorism director

Scientists, writers and philosophers:

Abdellah Taïa, writer Linda Ashcroft, writer and artist Robert Assaraf, historian Alain Badiou, French philosopher Mohammed Suerte Bennani, Moroccan novelist Mohammed Berrada, Moroccan novelist, literary critic, and translator Helene Hagan, Franco-American writer anthropologist Abdelfattah Kilito, Moroccan writer Bahaa Trabelsi, Moroccan novelist

Artists

Samira Said, Moroccan singer Saad Lamjarred, Moroccan singer Hajib, Moroccan Chaabi singer Shlomo Bar, Israeli musician Fabienne Égal, French announcer and television host Roland Giraud, French actor Macha Méril, French actress and writer Daniel Siboni, French photographer French Montana, American Hip-Hop Artist Bryce Hudson, American painter and photographer

Sportsmen

Saïd Aït-Bahi, Moroccan footballer Bouabid Bouden, Moroccan footballer Custodio Dos Reis, French road bicycle racer Younes Khattabi, Moroccan rugby league player Ait Hammi Miloud, Moroccan Olympic boxer Jean Patrick Lesobre, French Rugby Union
Rugby Union
player Younès Moudrik, Moroccan long jumper Brahim Taleb, Moroccan long distance runner

Royal descendants

Mohammed VI
Mohammed VI
of Morocco, King of Morocco Prince Fakhruddin of Egypt Prince Jacques, Duke of Orléans Prince Michel, Count of Évreux Prince Moulay Rachid of Morocco Princess Lalla Aicha of Morocco

Transport[edit] Air[edit] Rabat's main airport is Rabat– Salé
Salé
Airport. Trains[edit]

Rabat-Ville Railway Station

Rabat
Rabat
is served by two principal railway stations run by the national rail service, the ONCF. Rabat-Ville is the main inter-city station, from which trains run south to Casablanca, Marrakech
Marrakech
and El Jadida, north to Tanger, or east to Meknes, Fes, Taza and Oujda. Tram[edit]

Rabat- Salé
Salé
tramway

The Rabat- Salé
Salé
tramway is a tram system which was put into service on May 23, 2011 in the Moroccan cities of Rabat
Rabat
and Salé. The network has two lines for a total length of 19 km (12 miles) and 31 stops. It is operated by Veolia Transdev with Alstom Citadis trams. Sports[edit] Prince Moulay Abdellah Stadium
Prince Moulay Abdellah Stadium
(Arabic: مركب الأمير مولاي عبد لله) is a multi-purpose stadium in Rabat, Morocco. It is named after Prince Moulay Abdellah. It was built in 1983 and is the home ground of FAR Rabat. It is used mostly for football matches, and it can also stage athletics. The stadium holds 52,000. Since 2008 it is host of the Meeting International Mohammed VI d'Athlétisme de Rabat. Football[edit] The local football teams are:

FAR de Rabat FUS de Rabat Stade Marocain Hilal de Rabat Union de Touarga Youssoufia Club de Rabat

Handball[edit]

FUS de Rabat Le Stade Marocain Les FAR de Rabat

Basketball[edit] The local basketball teams are:

FUS de Rabat FAR de Rabat Moghreb de Rabat

Volleyball[edit]

FUS de Rabat FAR de Rabat Crédit agricole Rabat

Gallery[edit]

River Bou Regreg
Bou Regreg
and the Kasbah of the Udayas

Chellah
Chellah
Minaret

Tour Hassan and Mausoleum of Mohammed V

Rabat, Mohammed V Avenue

The Parliament building

Rabat
Rabat
as seen from Spot Satellite

Rabat
Rabat
downtown

Rabat– Salé
Salé
Airport

Sunset next to Quartier l'Océan

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Morocco

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Twin towns—sister cities[edit] Rabat
Rabat
is twinned with:

Bethlehem, Palestine[17] Bursa, Turkey
Turkey
since 2010[18] Guangzhou, China, since 2013[19] Honolulu, United States Istanbul, Turkey Las Palmas, Spain

Lisbon, Portugal[20][21] Madrid, Spain[22] Nablus, Palestine Seville, Spain[23] Stockholm, Sweden Tunis, Tunisia, since 1987[24]

References[edit]

Notes

^ "Hong Kong Observatory". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 2009-08-17.  ^ a b c "Population légale d'après les résultats du RGPH 2014 sur le Bulletin officiel N° 6354" (pdf). Haut-Commissariat au Plan (in Arabic). Retrieved 2015-07-11.  ^ "Décret fixant le nom des régions" (pdf). Portail National des Collectivités Territoriales (in French). Retrieved 2015-07-11.  ^ "Top travel destinations for 2013 - CNN.com". Edition.cnn.com. 2013-01-02. Retrieved 2013-03-12.  ^ "Abd al-Mumin facts, information, pictures Encyclopedia.com articles about Abd al-Mumin". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2017-12-22.  ^ Kjeilen, Tore. " Rabat
Rabat
- LookLex Encyclopaedia". looklex.com. Retrieved 2017-12-22.  ^ History of Morocco, Henri Terrasse, 1952 ^ Levant, Yves; Maziane, Leïla (2017-01-02). "The Republic of Salé (1627–1641/1666); an alternative pirate organization model?". Management & Organizational History. 12 (1): 1–29. doi:10.1080/17449359.2017.1296773. ISSN 1744-9359.  ^ "History of Morocco". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-12-22.  ^ Morocco: The Islamist Awakening and Other Challenges 2005, Marvine Howe ^ Pike, John. "Sidi Slimane Air Base, Morocco
Morocco
- United States
United States
Nuclear Forces". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2009-05-06.  ^ Rabat, Morocco
Morocco
Page. Directory of Cities, Towns, and Regions in Morocco ^ " Rabat
Rabat
Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved October 14, 2016.  ^ "Klimatafel von Rabat- Salé
Salé
(Int. Flugh.) / Marokko" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961–1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved October 14, 2016.  ^ "Station Rabat" (PDF) (in French). Météo Climat. Retrieved October 14, 2016.  ^ Bill K. Anderson, Mawazine
Mawazine
— The binding of cultures, the channeling of acceptance, http://digitaljournal.com/, 5 June 2014 ^ ":: Bethlehem
Bethlehem
Municipality::". www.bethlehem-city.org. Retrieved 2009-10-10.  ^ "Kardeş Şehirler". Bursa
Bursa
Büyükşehir Belediyesi Basın Koordinasyon Merkez. Tüm Hakları Saklıdır. Retrieved 2013-07-27.  ^ " Guangzhou
Guangzhou
and Rabat
Rabat
sign sister city agreement". Retrieved 17 March 2015.  ^ "Lisboa - Geminações de Cidades e Vilas" [ Lisbon
Lisbon
- Twinning of Cities and Towns]. Associação Nacional de Municípios Portugueses [National Association of Portuguese Municipalities] (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2013-08-23.  ^ "Acordos de Geminação, de Cooperação e/ou Amizade da Cidade de Lisboa" [ Lisbon
Lisbon
- Twinning Agreements, Cooperation and Friendship]. Camara Municipal de Lisboa (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2013-08-23.  ^ "Mapa Mundi de las ciudades hermanadas". Ayuntamiento de Madrid.  ^ "AN^MAR - Red de Hermanamientos entre Ciudades Marroquies y Andaluzas - Convenios y hermanamientas". An-mar.org. 2006-05-01. Retrieved 2011-09-15.  ^ "Cooperation Internationale" (in French). © 2003 City of Tunis Portal. Archived from the original on October 11, 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-31. 

Bibliography[edit] See also: Bibliography of the history of Rabat External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rabat.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Rabat.

Rabat
Rabat
Touristic Portal Entry in Lexicorient Rabat
Rabat
photo gallery "Rabat". Islamic Cultural Heritage Database. Istanbul: Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture.  ArchNet.org. "Rabat". Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: MIT School of Architecture and Planning. 

v t e

Rabat-Salé-Kénitra
Rabat-Salé-Kénitra
region

Capital: Rabat

Provinces and Prefectures

Kénitra Province Khémisset Province Sidi Kacem
Sidi Kacem
Province Sidi Slimane Province Rabat
Rabat
Prefecture Salé
Salé
Prefecture Skhirate- Témara
Témara
Prefecture

Cities

Khemisset Sidi Taibi Dar Gueddari Had Kourt Jorf El Melha Kenitra Khnichet Lalla Mimouna Mechra Bel Ksiri Mehdya Moulay Bousselham Ouazzane Oulad Slama Rabat Salé Sidi Allal Tazi Sidi Kacem Sidi Slimane Sidi Yahya El Gharb Skhirat Souk El Arbaa Témara Tiflet

v t e

Prefectures and provinces of Morocco

Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima

Prefectures

Tangier-Assilah M'diq-Fnideq

Provinces

Fahs-Anjra Tétouan Al Hoceïma Larache Chefchaouen Ouezzane

Oriental

Prefecture

Oujda-Angad

Provinces

Berkane Taourirt Jerada Figuig Nador Driouch Guercif

Fès-Meknès

Prefectures

Fès Meknès

Provinces

Boulemane Sefrou Moulay Yacoub El Hajeb Ifrane Taounate Taza

Rabat-Salé-Kénitra

Prefectures

Rabat Salé Skhirate-Témara

Provinces

Kénitra Khémisset Sidi Kacem Sidi Slimane

Béni Mellal-Khénifra

Provinces

Béni-Mellal Khouribga Khénifra Azilal Fquih Ben Salah

Casablanca-Settat

Prefectures

Casablanca Mohammedia

Provinces

Settat Berrechid Benslimane Sidi Bennour Nouaceur Médiouna El Jadida

Marrakesh-Safi

Prefecture

Marrakesh

Provinces

Al Haouz Chichaoua El Kelâa des Sraghna Essaouira Safi Rehamna Youssoufia

Drâa-Tafilalet

Provinces

Errachidia Zagora Midelt Ouarzazate Tinghir

Souss-Massa

Prefectures

Agadir-Ida Ou Tanane Inezgane-Aït Melloul

Provinces

Taroudant Tiznit Chtouka Aït Baha Tata

Guelmim-Oued Noun

Provinces

Assa-Zag Guelmim Tan-Tan Sidi Ifni

Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra

Provinces

Laâyoune Tarfaya Boujdour Es Semara

Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab

Provinces

Aousserd Oued Ed-Dahab

v t e

Capitals of Arab countries

Africa Asia

Algiers, Algeria Cairo, Egypt Djibouti, Djibouti

El Aaiun
El Aaiun
(proclaimed)   Tifariti
Tifariti
(de facto), Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic1

Khartoum, Sudan Mogadishu, Somalia Moroni, Comoros Nouakchott, Mauritania Rabat, Morocco Tripoli, Libya Tunis, Tunisia

Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates Amman, Jordan Baghdad, Iraq Beirut, Lebanon Damascus, Syria Doha, Qatar

Jerusalem
Jerusalem
(proclaimed)   Ramallah
Ramallah
(de facto), Palestine1

Kuwait
Kuwait
City, Kuwait Manama, Bahrain Muscat, Oman Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Sana'a, Yemen

1 An unrecognised or partially-recognised nation

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Arab Capital of Culture

Cairo
Cairo
1996 (Egypt) Tunis
Tunis
1997 (Tunisia) Sharjah
Sharjah
1998 (United Arab Emirates) Beirut
Beirut
1999 (Lebanon) Riyadh
Riyadh
2000 (Saudi Arabia) Kuwait City
Kuwait City
2001 (Kuwait) Amman
Amman
2002 (Jordan) Rabat
Rabat
2003 (Morocco) San'a
San'a
2004 (Yemen) Khartoum
Khartoum
2005 (Sudan) Muscat
Muscat
2006 (Oman) Algiers
Algiers
2007 (Algeria) Damascus
Damascus
2008 (Syria) Jerusalem
Jerusalem
2009 (State of Palestine) Doha
Doha
2010 (Qatar) Sirte
Sirte
2011 (Libya) Manama
Manama
2012 (Bahrain) Baghdad
Baghdad
2013 (Iraq) Tripoli
Tripoli
2014 (Libya) Constantine 2015 (Algeria) Sfax
Sfax
2016 (Tunisia)

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Capitals of Africa

Dependent territories and states with limited recognition are in italics

Abuja, Nigeria Accra, Ghana Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Algiers, Algeria Antananarivo, Madagascar Asmara, Eritrea Bamako, Mali Bangui, Central African Republic Banjul, Gambia Bissau, Guinea-Bissau Brazzaville, Rep. of the Congo Bujumbura, Burundi Cairo, Egypt Conakry, Guinea Dakar, Senegal Djibouti, Djibouti Dodoma, Tanzania El Aaiún(claimed)/Tifariti(factual), Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic1 Freetown, Sierra Leone Funchal, Madeira4 Gaborone, Botswana Harare, Zimbabwe Hargeisa, Somaliland1 Jamestown, St Helena, Ascension & Tristan da Cunha2 Juba, South Sudan Kampala, Uganda Khartoum, Sudan Kigali, Rwanda Kinshasa, D.R. Congo Libreville, Gabon Lilongwe, Malawi Lomé, Togo Luanda, Angola Lusaka, Zambia Malabo, Equatorial Guinea Mamoudzou, Mayotte3 Maputo, Mozambique Maseru, Lesotho

Mbabane
Mbabane
(executive)   Lobamba
Lobamba
(legislative), Swaziland

Mogadishu, Somalia Monrovia, Liberia Moroni, Comoros Nairobi, Kenya N'Djamena, Chad Niamey, Niger Nouakchott, Mauritania Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso Port Louis, Mauritius Porto-Novo, Benin Praia, Cape Verde

Pretoria
Pretoria
(executive)   Cape Town
Cape Town
(legislative)   Bloemfontein
Bloemfontein
(judicial), South Africa

Rabat, Morocco Saint-Denis, Réunion3 Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Santa Cruz de Tenerife
and Las Palmas, Canary Islands5 São Tomé, São Tomé
São Tomé
and Príncipe Tripoli, Libya Tunis, Tunisia Victoria, Seychelles Windhoek, Namibia

Yamoussoukro
Yamoussoukro
(political)   Abidjan
Abidjan
(economic), Ivory Coast

Yaoundé, Cameroon

1 An unrecognised or partially-recognised nation 2 British Overseas Territory 3 Overseas region
Overseas region
of France 4 Autonomous region of Portugal 5 Autonomous community of Spain

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World Heritage Sites in Morocco

Northern

Medina of Fez Rabat, Modern Capital and Historic City: a Shared Heritage Medina of Tétouan
Tétouan
(formerly known as Titawin) Archaeological Site of Volubilis Historic City of Meknes

Central

Medina of Essaouira
Essaouira
(formerly Mogador) Medina of Marrakech Portuguese City of Mazagan (El Jadida)

Southern

Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou

Coordinates: 34°01′15″N 6°50′30″W / 34.020882°N 6.84165°W / 34.020882; -6.84165

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Barbary Corsairs

Territories

Regency of Algiers Annaba Barbary coast Bizerte Cherchell Mahdiya Oran Rabat Republic of Salé Tetouan Regency of Tripoli Regency of Tunis

Commanders (Reis)

16th century

Aruj Hayreddin Barbarossa Sayyida al Hurra Kurtoğlu Muslihiddin Reis Occhiali Salah Rais Murat Reis the Elder Kemal Reis Aydın Reis Muhammad I Pasha Hasan Corso Muhammad Kurdogli Hasan Agha Hasan Pasha Arnaut Mami Hassan Veneziano Sinan Reis Dragut

17th century

Jan Janszoon Salé
Salé
Rovers Anglo-Turkish piracy Sulayman Reis Ahmed el Inglizi Omar Agha Ali Bitchin Simon Reis Yusuf Reis

18th century

Ahmed Karamanli Yusuf Karamanli

19th century

Ali Khodja Hussein Dey Omar Agha Mohamed Kharnadji Haji Ali Baba Mohammed ben-Osman

Diplomacy

Franco-Ottoman alliance US Treaty with Tripoli
Tripoli
(1796) US Treaty with Tunis
Tunis
(1797) US Treaty with Tripoli
Tripoli
(1805) US Treaty with Algiers
Algiers
(1815) US Treaty with Tunis
Tunis
(1824) US Treaty with Morocco
Morocco
(1836)

Battles and conflicts

16th century

Ottoman raid on the Balearic Islands (1501) Capture of Algiers
Algiers
(1516) Fall of Tlemcen (1518) Battle of Pianosa
Battle of Pianosa
(1519) Siege of Rhodes (1522) Battle of Formentera (1529) Capture of Peñón of Algiers
Algiers
(1529) Conquest of Tunis
Tunis
(1534) Conquest of Tunis
Tunis
(1535) Sack of Mahón (1535) Siege of Corfu (1537) Battle of Preveza (1538) Siege of Castelnuovo
Siege of Castelnuovo
(1539) Battle of Alboran
Battle of Alboran
(1540) Siege of Nice (1543) Ottoman wintering in Toulon
Ottoman wintering in Toulon
(1543-1544) Capture of Mahdiye (1550) Invasion of Gozo (1551) Siege of Tripoli
Tripoli
(1551) Battle of Ponza (1552) Invasion of Corsica (1553) Capture of Bougie
Capture of Bougie
(1555) Siege of Oran (1556) Ottoman invasion of the Balearic Islands (1558) Battle of Wadi al-Laban
Battle of Wadi al-Laban
(1558) Expedition to Mostaganem (1558) Battle of Djerba
Battle of Djerba
(1560) Sieges of Oran and Mers El Kébir
Sieges of Oran and Mers El Kébir
(1563) Great Siege of Malta
Great Siege of Malta
(1565) Rebellion of the Alpujarras (1568–71)
Rebellion of the Alpujarras (1568–71)
(1568–71) Battle of Lepanto
Battle of Lepanto
(1571) Conquest of Tunis
Tunis
(1574) Capture of Fez (1576) Battle of Alcácer Quibir
Battle of Alcácer Quibir
(1578)

17th century

Expulsion of the Moriscos
Expulsion of the Moriscos
(1609) Raid of Żejtun
Raid of Żejtun
(1614) Battle of Cape Corvo
Battle of Cape Corvo
(1615) Turkish Abductions
Turkish Abductions
(1627) Sack of Baltimore (1631) Cretan War (1645–1669) Action of March 1665 Morean War
Morean War
(1684-1699) Sieges of Ceuta (1694–1727) Battle of the Oinousses Islands (1695)

18th century

Spanish conquest of Oran (1732) Action of 28 November 1751 Danish-Algerian War
Danish-Algerian War
(1769-1772) Siege of Melilla (1774) Invasion of Algiers
Algiers
(1775) Bombardment of Algiers
Algiers
(1783) Bombardment of Algiers
Algiers
(1784) Action of 16 May 1797 First Barbary War
First Barbary War
(1801–1805) Second Barbary War
Second Barbary War
(1815–1816)

19th century

Bombardment of Algiers
Algiers
(1816) Invasion of Algiers
Algiers
(1830)

Slavery

Trinitarian Order Lazarists Redemptorists Barbary slave trade Bagnio

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 138395325 LCCN: n80076442 GND: 4076467-9 BNF:

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