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Rádio e Televisão de Portugal, S.A. (RTP; Portuguese for Radio and Television of Portugal) is the public service broadcasting organisation of Portugal. It operates four national television channels and three national radio channels, as well as several satellite and cable offerings. The company came into effect on 31 March 2004 with the merger of two previously separate companies Radiodifusão Portuguesa (RDP; the radio broadcaster) and Radiotelevisão Portuguesa (television broadcaster). RTP is a state-owned corporation funded by television advertising revenues, government grants, and the taxa de contribuição audiovisual (broadcasting contribution tax), which is incorporated in electricity bills.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Radio 1.2 Television 1.3 2004 merger 1.4 Post-merger

2 Television channels

2.1 Former channels

3 Radio stations 4 News services 5 Organisation

5.1 Chairmen of the board 5.2 Managing Editors 5.3 Programming directors of RTP1 5.4 Programming directors of RTP2

6 See also 7 References 8 External links

History[edit]

Corporate Logo (2004-2015)

Radio[edit] The Emissora Nacional de Radiodifusão (ENR) was established on 4 August 1935 as the public national radio broadcaster, inheriting the previous broadcasting operations of the national postal service, Correios, Telégrafos e Telefones (CTT). Five years later, ENR became independent of the CTT. ENR was one of the 23 founding broadcasting organisations of the European Broadcasting Union
European Broadcasting Union
in 1950. Following the Carnation Revolution, ENR was reorganised and in 1976 changed its name to Radiodifusão Portuguesa (RDP). During this process, several previously private radio stations – such as Rádio Clube Português (RCP) – were nationalised and integrated into RDP. In 1979, the RCP network was rebranded as Rádio Comercial, and was later privatised in 1993. At the same time, RDP launched the youth-oriented radio station Antena 3 and abolished advertising from all of its stations, so that the aforementioned broadcasting contribution tax became its sole source of funding. Television[edit] Radiotelevisão Portuguesa's television service was established on 15 December 1955. Experimental broadcasts began in September 1956 from the Feira Popular (an entertainment park) studios in Lisbon. Twenty monitors were installed in the park, but crowds gathered in shops around the city. The broadcast was received within a range of about 20 km. Around 1,000 TV sets are sold within a month. Regular broadcasting, however, did not start until 7 March 1957, by which time coverage had reached approximately 65% of the Portuguese population. By the end of 1958 the total number of sets in Portugal was around 32,000. RTP was accepted as a full active member of the EBU in 1959. By the mid-1960s, RTP had become available throughout the country. Robert Farnon's "Derby Day" was extensively used as RTP's fanfare to open the programming since the very first day, and over the decades it has become RTP's official anthem. 25 December 1968 saw the opening of a second television channel, RTP2. Two new regional channels were created in 1972 and 1975, for the Portuguese archipelagos of Madeira
Madeira
(opening on 6 August 1972) and the Azores
Azores
(10 August 1975). Before the Carnation Revolution, RTP was essentially a mouthpiece of the regime, and famously opened the newscast of 20 July 1969 - the day of the first moon landing − with a segment showing president Américo Thomaz
Américo Thomaz
opening a concrete factory. However, like many other broadcasters, it did broadcast live the landing of the man on the moon during the night. The first colour broadcast was made in 1975, with the live coverage of the first parliamentary elections after the carnation revolution. But, due to the political turmoil and the economic situation of the country, the colour regular broadcast was delayed several times for nearly 5 years. During that time RTP started to purchase some colour equipment and make the occasional colour recording. But the pressure kept going as the black and white equipment was getting old and very hard to repair, so in 1978 and 1979 a massive investment supported by a foreign loan, gave RTP the opportunity to replace all the B/W to increase the current amount of equipment and to be updated with the most advanced broadcast technologies available at the time. Despite this, only in February 1980, the government finally authorised the regular colour broadcast and two weeks after, on the 7th of March RTP started the regular colour broadcast, with more than 70% of the programmes being already in colour. Also, RTP moved its headquarters to a brand new building. The building was originally built to be converted to a hotel, but the owner decided to leave it untouched and reached an agreement with RTP for the purchase and converted the interior for office use. RTP moved to more adequate headquarters and sold the building in 2003 and the new owner converted into what is today the VIP Grand Lisboa. Until 1991, RTP owned its transmitter network, which was transferred to a state-owned enterprise which, through a series of mergers, became part of Portugal
Portugal
Telecom. RTP held the television monopoly until 1992, the year when the private SIC started broadcasting. Over the years, RTP's audience share has constantly reduced in favour of the private channels. 2007 was an exception to this tendency, and RTP1
RTP1
became the second channel most watched in Portugal, only behind TVI, a rarity which occurred again in 2009 and 2010. In 2004, RTP and RDP merged and became part of a larger state-owned holding, named Rádio e Televisão de Portugal, and inaugurated the new headquarters near Parque das Nações, in Lisbon. In the same year, the second channel was rebranded as '2:', promoting itself as the civil society service. Later in March 2007, 2: became 'RTP2' again. Due to the current financial crisis Portugal
Portugal
is facing, RTP was to be heavily restructured as part of the Portuguese government's austerity plan and would have included the sale of one of the free to air channel licenses. Pressure from the public and other organisations stopped the planned sales though the restructuring plans are expected to be in presented soon and include a redundancy plan, and financing for new equipment.[3] RTP has 16 regional offices spread all over the country, as well as international bureaus in Washington D.C., Brussels, Moscow, Brazil
Brazil
and several other locations. RTP aired the 2008 Olympic Games
2008 Olympic Games
in HD through the ZON TV Cabo satellite and cable platform. On 30 September 2009, RTP 1 HD returned in an experimental broadcast. Following Salvador Sobral's win in the Eurovision Song Contest 2017, RTP will take on hosting duties for the 2018 contest. 2004 merger[edit]

This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (January 2017)

Post-merger[edit] The use of original full names of radio and television departments (Radiodifusão Portuguesa and Radiotelevisão Portuguesa, respectively) was phased out, but the abbreviation RDP is still used by international services RDP Internacional
RDP Internacional
and RDP África, as well as radio services in the Autonomous Regions of Azores
Azores
and Madeira, while another abbreviation RTP now represents the merged company. Television channels[edit]

Channel Description Slogan Aspect ratio Launched Teletext

RTP1 The oldest of RTP's channels and also the flagship of RTP. It features general programming, such as news, talk shows, current affairs, drama, national and international movies and TV series.a, b; Continua 16:9 SDTV/HDTV 7 March 1957 Yes

RTP2 The main channel for cultural and factual programming, as well as children's programming. It was the first free-to-air TV channel in Portugal
Portugal
to broadcast in 16:9 format.a, b; Culta e adulta 16:9 SDTV 25 December 1968

RTP3 24-hour news channel a, b, c; Informação, informação, informação 15 October 2001

RTP Memória Broadcasts classic RTP and International shows a, b; Traz pr'á frente 4 October 2004

RTP Madeira Regional opt-out channel broadcast in the Madeira
Madeira
Islands; Liga a Madeira 6 August 1972

RTP Açores Regional opt-out channel broadcast in the Azores
Azores
Islands; Unimos as ilhas 10 August 1975

RTP África International television service directed towards the African communities. In Angola, Mozambique, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau
Guinea-Bissau
and São Tomé e Príncipe it is retransmitted locally, together with local programming b d; vários mundos, uma só língua 7 January 1998

RTP Internacional Also known as RTPi, it is the international television service. In Macau, East Timor
East Timor
and Goa, Daman and Diu
Goa, Daman and Diu
it is retransmitted locally, together with local programming c; Sente Portugal
Portugal
(Portuguese) Feel Portugal
Portugal
(English) 10 June 1992

Former channels[edit]

Radiotelevisão Portuguesa's first and iconic logotype, including the depiction of an antenna and the armillary sphere.

RTP Mobile, is a channel adapted to mobile devices. It ended in 2011/2012, with the ascension of mobile apps. RTP 4K, which was used to broadcast UEFA Euro 2016
UEFA Euro 2016
matches in 4K Ultra HD.

a Terrestrial channel available nationwide. b Available on the Portuguese cable, satellite and IPTV platforms. c Available worldwide on satellite and cable platforms. d Available in several African countries on satellite and cable platforms as well as traditional terrestrial television. Radio stations[edit]

RTP's production center in Lisbon.

Antena 1, news, talk and sports station with a strong focus on Portuguese music
Portuguese music
a b c e; Antena 2, cultural programming, classical and world music, featuring live performances a c; Antena 3, an up-tempo, youth-oriented station with focus on contemporary and alternative music a; RDP Internacional, the international radio service c; RDP África, programming directed towards the Portuguese-speaking African communities a e; Rádio Lusitania, a digital-only station with a focus on Portuguese music;d e Rádio Vivace, a digital-only station with a focus on Classical music;d e Rádio ZigZag, a digital-only station with a focus on Children's programmes;d e Antena 1 Fado, a digital-only station with a focus on fado;d e Antena 1 Memória, a digital-only station with a focus on rebroadcasts of programmes from the extensive archives of RDP and golden oldies music (in both cases from the 1930s to the 1980s). It is the only station to rely entirely on pre-existing recorded programmes and material;d e Antena 1 Vida, a digital-only station;d Antena 2 Ópera, a digital-only station with a focus on opera music;d Antena 2 Jazzin, a digital-only station with a focus on jazz music;d

a Available nationwide on FM and online. b Also available on AM. c Available on satellite all over the world. d Available only on the internet. e Also available throughout Portugal
Portugal
via cable and satellite. The following stations are Antena 1 regional stations:

RDP Norte RDP Centro RDP Lisboa RDP Sul RDP Açores RDP Madeira

News services[edit] Main article: RTP Informação

Serenella Andrade, an RTP host and journalist, at Exponor

Most RTP1
RTP1
news programmes are simulcasted with RTP Internacional, RTP África, and, sometimes, RTP 3 television channel. These news programs include:

Bom Dia Portugal
Portugal
(6:30−10 am), live from the Lisbon
Lisbon
studios; Jornal da Tarde (1 pm), live from the Porto
Porto
studios; Portugal
Portugal
em Direto (6 pm), live from the Lisbon
Lisbon
studios; Telejornal (8 pm), live from the Lisbon
Lisbon
studios.

RTP2’s only news service is Jornal 2 (‘Journal 2’ or ‘News 2’ in English) (9 pm), a shorter and a more objective newscast than the RTP1
RTP1
ones. RTP3
RTP3
features hourly news updates and headlines. Organisation[edit] Chairmen of the board[edit]

Almerindo Marques, 2002−2008 Guilherme Costa, 2008−2012 Alberto da Ponte, 2012−2015 Gonçalo Reis, 2015−present

Managing Editors[edit]

José Rodrigues dos Santos, 2001−2004 José Alberto Carvalho, 2004−2011 Nuno Santos, 2011−2012 Paulo Ferreira, 2012–2014 José Manuel Portugal, 2014–2015 Paulo Dentinho, 2015–present

Programming directors of RTP1[edit]

Nuno Santos, 2002−2007 José Fragoso, 2008−2011 Hugo Andrade, 2011-2015 Daniel Deusdado, 2015–present

Programming directors of RTP2[edit]

Manuel Falcão, 2003−2006 Jorge Wemans, 2006−2012 Hugo Andrade, 2012-2014 Elíseo Oliveira, 2014-2015 Teresa Paixão, 2015–present

See also[edit]

Portugal
Portugal
portal Television portal Eurovision portal

List of Portuguese language
Portuguese language
television channels Festival da Canção Television in Portugal Digital television in Portugal Sociedade Independente de Comunicação Televisão Independente Luis Miguel Loureiro, RTP journalist

References[edit]

^ "Relatório e Contas, informação anual" (PDF). RTP.  ^ "Relatório e Contas, informação anual" (PDF). RTP.  ^ "RTP estuda lançamento de novos canais". Diário Económico. 

External links[edit]

Official Site (in Portuguese) Live Radio Radiotelevisão Portuguesa (RTP) on IMDbPro (subscription required) (in English)

v t e

Rádio e Televisão de Portugal

Television

Nationwide channels RTP1 RTP2 RTP3 RTP Memória

Regional channels RTP Açores RTP Madeira

International channels RTP Internacional RTP África

Radio

Nationwide channels Antena 1 Antena 2 Antena 3

International channels RDP Internacional RDP África

Divisions

RTP Informação RTP Desporto

v t e

Television in Portugal

RTP

RTP1 RTP2 RTP3 RTP Memória RTP HD RTP Madeira RTP Açores RTP África RTP Internacional

SIC

SIC SIC Notícias SIC Mulher SIC Radical SIC K SIC Caras SIC Internacional

TVI

TVI TVI Ficção TVI 24 TVI Reality TVI África TVI Internacional

Dreamia

Canal Hollywood Canal Panda Biggs

FOX Portugal

FOX FOX Life FOX Crime FOX Comedy FOX Movies National Geographic Nat Geo Wild 24Kitchen BabyTV

Disney

Disney Channel Disney Junior

Globo Portugal

Globo Globo Premium PFC

Record Europa

Record Record News

SportTV

SportTV 1 SportTV 2 SportTV 3 SportTV 4 SportTV 5 SportTV +

Viacom

MTV Nickelodeon Nick Jr.

NOS

TVCine TVSéries

NEXTV

MVM RTV

Sony

AXN AXN White AXN Black

Discovery

Discovery Channel Discovery Showcase HD TLC Eurosport 1 Eurosport 2

AMC, History

Odisseia Canal História A&E AMC Sundance Channel

NBCUniversal

Syfy E!

Others

A Bola TV ARtv Afro Music Benfica TV BabyFirst Caza y Pesca Canal 180 Canção Nova Cartoon Network Cinemundo CMTV Eurochannel Euronews HOT JimJam Kuriakos TV Localvisão TV Food Fuel TV Fine Living Playboy TV Porto
Porto
Canal Woohoo Sporting TV STV Notícias TPA Travel TV Brasil Venus

Services and platforms

TDT DTT NOS HFC, FTTH, SAT MEO DSL, FTTH, SAT Vodafone FTTH, DSL Nowo
Nowo
HFC

bold -free-to-air DTT Italics - free-to-air regional DTT.

v t e

Members of the European Broadcasting Union

Active members

Current

ARD ARMR ARMTV BBC BHRT BNR BNT BTRC C1R Canal+ CLT/RTL COPE ČRo ČT CyBC DR E1 ENRS ENTV ERR ERSL ERT ERTT ERTU France 24 FTV GPB HRT İTV JRTV LNC LR LRT LTV M6 MCD MRT FI/MTV MTVA NPO NRK NTU ORF PBS PR Radio France RAI RDO RFI RMC ROR RTBF RTCG RTÉ RTP RTS RTSH RTVA RTVE RTVS RTVSLO RÚV SER SMTV SNRT SR SRG SSR SVT TDA TF1 TG4 TL TMC (French) TRM TV2 (DK) TV2 (NO) TV4 TVP TVR TRT UA:PBC UKIB UR VGTRK VR VRT Yle ZDF

Applicants

1FLTV 2M TV IPBC KRTC QR RTK

Former

IBA JRT LJBC MR MTV NERIT SRo STV TMC (Italian) UJRT

Associate members and approved participants

Associate

ABC (Australia) ABC (United States) All India Radio APM Bayrak Canal 13 (Chile) CBC/SRC CBS CCTV Fuji TV/JOCX-DTV ICRT IRIB JBA KA KBS La7 MBC Mediaset NBAB NBC NHK NPR ORTAS PARTSO RB RNZ RTHK RTM SABC SBS TBS/JORX-DTV TEME TFM/JOAU-FM TVC/FPA TVM (Mauritania) TVNZ WFMT WGBH WNYC-FM/NYPR

Approved

3sat Arte Abertis
Abertis
Telecom CAT Euronews JPMRD RTRN TV5Monde

Coordinates: 38°45′34.63″N 9°7′3.17″W / 38.7596194°N 9.1175472°W / 38.7

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