Qureyshi (also known as Qureshi, Quraishi, Qurayshi, Qureshy,
Quraishy, Qoraishi, Qoreshi, Koraishi, Kureshi, Kureshy, Kureishi,
Coreish) is a
Muslim family name, though in English it has many
spelling variations but in Arabic, there is a single spelling as "
قريشي ", which means part of Qureish Family (Arabic: قريش).
Most bearers of the name, by far, are in Pakistan (82%: 1,210,000, out
of 1,470,000 worldwide), where it is the ninth commonest surname.
India has the second most (11%: 162,000), followed by Saudi Arabia
(2.5%: 36,300) and England (0.65%: 9,580).
According to the dictionary of American Family Names (Oxford
University Pres) it indicates that the Qureshis are descendants of the
Quraish, the leading tribe in Mecca at the time of the birth of the
Muhammad (ad 570); Muhammad's mother was a member of
it. The Quraish at first opposed Muhammad’s teachings and are said
to have persecuted him and his followers, but by the time of his death
they had begun to convert to the new faith and played an important
role in bringing
Arabia under the banner of Islam.
There would be more Qureshis in Sindh because the Arabs settled down
and married local women. The first form of contact between the Arab
people and modern-day Pakistan originally came in 711 to Sindh.
Qureshi Qasab originate from Delhi and Haryana. They are an
Urdu-speaking community found mainly in the cities of Karachi, Lahore,
Multan and Faisalabad. In Bihar, the Qassab are a class of Muslim
butchers, and are generally known as Qureshis. They are found
throughout Bihar, and are one of the few Bihari
Muslim communities who
speak Urdu. The Qassab consist of two sub-groups, the Bara Karbar, who
were involved in the slaughtering of cows, and Chota Karbar, who
slaughtered goats. Closely related to the Qassab are the Chik, a caste
also associated with the slaughtering of goats. The Anjuman Quresh has
a Bihar branch, which acts as a welfare association. They are entirely
Sunni Muslims, and are fairly orthodox. They were one of the earliest
groups to shift towards the Deobandi sect.
Notable people called
Qureshi or Kureshi
Main article: List of people with surname Qureshi
Dhurgham Ismail Dawoud Al-Quraishi, known as Dhurgham Ismail
Shah Mehmood Qureshi
Moeenuddin Ahmad Qureshi
Qureshi Family Information". Qureshifamily.info. Retrieved
Qureshi Surname Meaning & Statistics". Forebears. Retrieved 31
March 2017. Data as of 2014. Frequency counts rounded to 3
significant digits; percentages to 2 significant digits. See Talk
^ Dictionary of American Family Names ©2013, Oxford University Press
^ People of India Bihar Volume XVI Part One, edited by S. Gopal &
Hetukar Jha, pages 501 to 505, S