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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Quimper
Quimper
(French pronunciation: ​[kɛ̃.pɛʁ]; Breton: Kemper, Latin: Civitas Aquilonia or Corisopitum) is a commune and capital of the Finistère
Finistère
department of Brittany in northwestern France.

Contents

1 Administration 2 Geography 3 History 4 Climate 5 Population 6 Breton language 7 Education 8 Winter Festival 9 Sights 10 Transport 11 Personalities 12 International relations 13 See also 14 References 15 External links

Administration[edit] Quimper
Quimper
is the prefecture (capital) of the Finistère
Finistère
department. Geography[edit] The name Quimper
Quimper
comes from the Breton kemper, meaning "confluent". The city was built on the confluence of the Steir, Odet
Odet
and Jet rivers. Route National 165, D785, D765 and D783 were constructed to intersect here, 62 km (39 miles) northwest of Lorient, 181 km (112 mi) west of Rennes, and 486 km (302 mi) west-southwest of Paris. History[edit]

Quimper, with its vernacular architecture, is a popular tourist destination

Quimper
Quimper
is the ancient capital of Cornouaille, Brittany’s most traditional region, and has a distinctive Breton Celtic character. Its name is the Breton word kemper (cognate to Welsh cymer), meaning "confluence." The town developed at the confluence of the rivers Le Steir and L'Odet. Shops and flags celebrate the region's Celtic heritage. Quimper
Quimper
was originally settled during Roman times. By AD 495, the town had become a Bishopric. It subsequently became the capital of the counts of Cornouailles. In the eleventh century, it was united with the Duchy of Brittany. During the War of the Breton Succession (1341-64), the town suffered considerable ruin. In 1364, the duchy passed to the House of Montfort. The town has a rustic atmosphere, with footbridges spanning the rivers that flow through it. The Church of Locmaria, a Romanesque structure, dates from the eleventh century. The Cathedral
Cathedral
of Saint-Corentin, with its Gothic-style façade, was constructed between the thirteenth and sixteenth centuries. It is the oldest Gothic structure in lower Brittany. Its two towers are 76 m (250 feet); its spires were added in the nineteenth century. The fifteenth-century stained glass windows are exceptional. The cathedral is dedicated to Quimper's first bishop, Corentin. To the cathedral's west are the pedestrianized streets of Vieux Quimper
Quimper
(Old Quimper), which have a wide array of crêperies, half-timbered houses, and shops. Near the Episcopal palace, which now holds the Musée départemental Breton (devoted to regional history, archaeology, ethnology and economy) are the ruins of the town's fifteenth-century walls. Nearby is the Musée des beaux-arts de Quimper. The museum has a nineteenth-century façade and an entirely rebuilt interior. It houses a collection of fourteenth to twenty-first century paintings that includes works by François Boucher, Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, Jean-Baptiste Oudry
Jean-Baptiste Oudry
and Peter Paul Rubens, along with canvases by such Pont-Aven School
Pont-Aven School
painters as Émile Bernard, Maurice Denis, Georges Lacombe, Maxime Maufra
Maxime Maufra
and Paul Sérusier. The town's best known product is Quimper
Quimper
faience. It has been made here since 1690, using bold provincial designs of Jean-Baptiste Bousquet. The town’s eating establishments boast some of the best crêpes and cider in Brittany. The town has also been known for copper and bronze work, food items, galvanized ironware, hosiery, leather, paper and woolen goods. Climate[edit]

Climate data for Quimper
Quimper
(1981–2010 averages)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 16.9 (62.4) 18.3 (64.9) 23.3 (73.9) 27.1 (80.8) 30.3 (86.5) 35.9 (96.6) 34.9 (94.8) 35.8 (96.4) 30.7 (87.3) 26.8 (80.2) 19.7 (67.5) 17.7 (63.9) 35.9 (96.6)

Average high °C (°F) 9.4 (48.9) 9.7 (49.5) 11.9 (53.4) 13.9 (57) 17.0 (62.6) 19.8 (67.6) 21.7 (71.1) 21.9 (71.4) 19.8 (67.6) 16.0 (60.8) 12.4 (54.3) 10.0 (50) 15.3 (59.5)

Average low °C (°F) 4.2 (39.6) 3.8 (38.8) 5.2 (41.4) 6.3 (43.3) 9.2 (48.6) 11.7 (53.1) 13.6 (56.5) 13.6 (56.5) 11.8 (53.2) 9.7 (49.5) 6.6 (43.9) 4.7 (40.5) 8.4 (47.1)

Record low °C (°F) −10.1 (13.8) −8.4 (16.9) −7.0 (19.4) −2.2 (28) 0.3 (32.5) 3.9 (39) 6.6 (43.9) 6.9 (44.4) 4.2 (39.6) −1.2 (29.8) −4.6 (23.7) −7.2 (19) −10.1 (13.8)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 151.1 (5.949) 120.4 (4.74) 98.9 (3.894) 90.2 (3.551) 90.2 (3.551) 59.3 (2.335) 67.2 (2.646) 64.6 (2.543) 86.9 (3.421) 130.1 (5.122) 139.7 (5.5) 151.6 (5.969) 1,250.2 (49.22)

Average precipitation days 16.4 13.0 13.7 12.4 11.3 8.8 9.6 9.5 9.6 14.8 15.9 15.8 150.8

Mean monthly sunshine hours 65.9 85.7 126.5 170.7 194.2 215.9 194.3 194.0 177.3 111.5 77.9 70.1 1,683.8

Source: Météo France[1][2]

Population[edit] Its inhabitants are called Quimpérois.

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1793 8,400 —    

1800 6,651 −20.8%

1806 6,905 +3.8%

1821 9,400 +36.1%

1831 9,860 +4.9%

1836 9,715 −1.5%

1841 10,154 +4.5%

1846 10,943 +7.8%

1851 10,904 −0.4%

1856 11,450 +5.0%

1861 11,438 −0.1%

1866 12,532 +9.6%

1872 13,159 +5.0%

1876 13,879 +5.5%

1881 15,228 +9.7%

1886 17,171 +12.8%

1891 17,406 +1.4%

1896 18,557 +6.6%

1901 19,441 +4.8%

1906 19,516 +0.4%

1911 19,367 −0.8%

1921 18,444 −4.8%

1926 18,686 +1.3%

1931 18,297 −2.1%

1936 18,814 +2.8%

1946 20,149 +7.1%

1954 19,352 −4.0%

1962 45,989 +137.6%

1968 52,496 +14.1%

1975 55,977 +6.6%

1982 56,907 +1.7%

1990 59,437 +4.4%

1999 63,274 +6.5%

2008 63,929 +1.0%

2009 63,387 −0.8%

2010 63,550 +0.3%

2011 63,235 −0.5%

Breton language[edit] The municipality launched a linguistic plan through Ya d'ar brezhoneg on 6 February 2008, to revive the teaching and use of Breton, the historic Celtic language of the region. In 2008, 4.61% of primary-school children attended bilingual schools.[3] Education[edit] Quimper
Quimper
has several schools. These include two Diwan preschools, two Diwan primary schools and one Diwan collège (all specialize in use of Breton). In total, 287 students attended here a Diwan school in 2003–2004.[4] Winter Festival[edit] Most French festivals are held in the summer season, but Quimper
Quimper
has a Winter Festival: Les Hivernautes. In the summer, you can also find concerts on street corners, with pipers and accordion players.[5] Sights[edit]

Quimper
Quimper
Cathedral

River Odet

Roman Catholic cathedral of Saint-Corentin. This cathedral has a remarkable bend in its middle. churches (Locmaria, Saint-Mathieu, Kerfeunteun, Ergue-Armel...) an old town centre with mediaeval fortifications and houses Musée des Beaux-Arts (near the cathedral) Cornouaille
Cornouaille
Festival: traditional dance (last week of July) Faience
Faience
museum Statue of Gradlon
Gradlon
looking in the direction of Ys, in the Saint Corentin Cathedral

Transport[edit] Public transport in Quimper
Quimper
is provided by QUB. The network consists of 7 urban bus routes, and 16 suburban bus routes. During the summer months of July and August, an additional "beach" bus route is open to service. The Gare de Quimper
Gare de Quimper
is the terminus of a TGV
TGV
high-speed train line from Paris, which passes through Le Mans, Rennes
Rennes
and Vannes. Journey duration is approximately 04h25. In addition, the following destinations are served by the TER
TER
Bretagne (the regional train network) :

Quimper
Quimper
– Brest (01h09) Quimper
Quimper
Rennes
Rennes
(02h15)

Quimper
Quimper
Cornouaille
Cornouaille
Airport has flights to Paris
Paris
and London City. Personalities[edit] Quimper
Quimper
was the birthplace of:

Élie Catherine Fréron

Guillaume Hyacinthe Bougeant (1690–1743), Jesuit author Louis Billouart de Kervaségan, chevalier de Kerlérec (1704–1770), last French governor of Louisiana[6] Élie Catherine Fréron
Élie Catherine Fréron
(1718–1776), critic and controversialist Yves-Joseph de Kerguelen-Trémarec
Yves-Joseph de Kerguelen-Trémarec
(1734–1797), explorer, admiral, discoverer of the Kerguelen archipelago Rene-Marie Madec
Rene-Marie Madec
(1736–1784), adventurer, Nawab
Nawab
of India. See also René Madec René Laennec
René Laennec
(1781–1826), physician, inventor of the stethoscope Max Jacob
Max Jacob
(1876–1944), poet, painter, writer and critic Corentin Louis Kervran (1901-1983), scientist Philippe Poupon, sailor OBE Hélène Mansfield, Croesyceiliog Head Teacher Hélène Albert, Nobel Prize winner of Medicine William Stanger, footballer Jean Failler, writer (The Adventures of Mary Lester) Jacques Villeglé
Jacques Villeglé
(b. 1926), mixed-media artist Jean-Claude Andro (1937–2000), novelist Jessica Cérival, athlete Jean-Michel Moal, accordionist of Red Cardell Dan Ar Braz
Dan Ar Braz
(b. 1949), guitarist

International relations[edit] Quimper
Quimper
is twinned with:

Limerick, Republic of Ireland[7] Remscheid, Germany Falkirk, Scotland, United Kingdom Ourense, Spain Yantai, China Foggia, Italy

See also[edit]

Brittany portal

Ys Quimper
Quimper
faience Communes of the Finistère
Finistère
department François Bazin (sculptor) List of works of the two Folgoët ateliers "List of the works of Charles Cottet depicting scenes of Brittany" Lionel Floch Henri Alphonse Barnoin Henri Guinier

References[edit]

INSEE

^ "Données climatiques de la station de Quimper" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 30, 2015.  ^ "Climat Bretagne" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 30, 2015.  ^ (in French) Ofis ar Brezhoneg: Enseignement bilingue ^ (in French) Diwan en chiffres ^ Quimper
Quimper
Property Guide ^ Hervé Gourmelon, Le chevalier de Kerlérec, 1704–1770: L'affaire de la louisiane, second edition (Rennes : Les Portes du large, 2004), 14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 December 2013. Retrieved 23 June 2013. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Quimper.

Official city council's website

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Prefectures of departments of France

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Bourg-en-Bresse
(Ain) Laon
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France
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Mamoudzou
(Mayotte)

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 Communes of the Finistère
Finistère
department

Argol Arzano Audierne Bannalec Baye Bénodet Berrien Beuzec-Cap-Sizun Bodilis Bohars Bolazec Botmeur Botsorhel Bourg-Blanc Brasparts Brélès Brennilis Brest Briec Camaret-sur-Mer Carantec Carhaix-Plouguer Cast Châteaulin Châteauneuf-du-Faou Cléden-Cap-Sizun Cléden-Poher Cléder Clohars-Carnoët Clohars-Fouesnant Le Cloître-Pleyben Le Cloître-Saint-Thégonnec Coat-Méal Collorec Combrit Commana Concarneau Confort-Meilars Le Conquet Coray Crozon Daoulas Dinéault Dirinon Douarnenez Le Drennec Edern Elliant Ergué-Gabéric Le Faou La Feuillée Le Folgoët La Forest-Landerneau La Forêt-Fouesnant Fouesnant Garlan Gouesnac'h Gouesnou Gouézec Goulien Goulven Gourlizon Guengat Guerlesquin Guiclan Guilers Guiler-sur-Goyen Guilligomarc'h Guilvinec Guimaëc Guimiliau Guipavas Guissény Hanvec Henvic Hôpital-Camfrout Huelgoat Île de Batz Île de Sein Île-Tudy Irvillac Le Juch Kergloff Kerlaz Kerlouan Kernilis Kernouës Kersaint-Plabennec Lampaul-Guimiliau Lampaul-Plouarzel Lampaul-Ploudalmézeau Lanarvily Landéda Landeleau Landerneau Landévennec Landivisiau Landrévarzec Landudal Landudec Landunvez Langolen Lanhouarneau Lanildut Lanmeur Lannéanou Lannédern Lanneuffret Lannilis Lanrivoaré Lanvéoc Laz Lennon Lesneven Leuhan Loc-Brévalaire Loc-Eguiner Locmaria-Berrien Locmaria-Plouzané Locmélar Locquénolé Locquirec Locronan Loctudy Locunolé Logonna-Daoulas Lopérec Loperhet Loqueffret Lothey Mahalon La Martyre Melgven Mellac Mespaul Milizac-Guipronvel Moëlan-sur-Mer Molène Morlaix Motreff Névez Ouessant Pencran Penmarch Peumerit Plabennec Pleuven Pleyben Pleyber-Christ Plobannalec-Lesconil Ploéven Plogastel-Saint-Germain Plogoff Plogonnec Plomelin Plomeur Plomodiern Plonéis Plonéour-Lanvern Plonévez-du-Faou Plonévez-Porzay Plouarzel Ploudalmézeau Ploudaniel Ploudiry Plouédern Plouégat-Guérand Plouégat-Moysan Plouénan Plouescat Plouezoc'h Plougar Plougasnou Plougastel-Daoulas Plougonvelin Plougonven Plougoulm Plougourvest Plouguerneau Plouguin Plouhinec Plouider Plouigneau Ploumoguer Plounéour-Brignogan-Plages Plounéour-Ménez Plounéventer Plounévézel Plounévez-Lochrist Plourin Plourin-lès-Morlaix Plouvien Plouvorn Plouyé Plouzané Plouzévédé Plovan Plozévet Pluguffan Pont-Aven Pont-Croix Pont-de-Buis-lès-Quimerch Le Ponthou Pont-l'Abbé Porspoder Port-Launay Pouldergat Pouldreuzic Poullan-sur-Mer Poullaouen Primelin Quéménéven Querrien Quimper Quimperlé Rédené Le Relecq-Kerhuon Riec-sur-Belon La Roche-Maurice Roscanvel Roscoff Rosnoën Rosporden Saint-Coulitz Saint-Derrien Saint-Divy Saint-Eloy Sainte-Sève Saint-Évarzec Saint-Frégant Saint-Goazec Saint-Hernin Saint-Jean-du-Doigt Saint-Jean-Trolimon Saint-Martin-des-Champs Saint-Méen Saint-Nic Saint-Pabu Saint-Pol-de-Léon Saint-Renan Saint-Rivoal Saint-Sauveur Saint-Ségal Saint-Servais Saint-Thégonnec Loc-Eguiner Saint-Thois Saint-Thonan Saint-Thurien Saint-Urbain Saint-Vougay Saint-Yvi Santec Scaër Scrignac Sibiril Sizun Spézet Taulé Telgruc-sur-Mer Tourch Trébabu Treffiagat Tréflaouénan Tréflévénez Tréflez Trégarantec Trégarvan Tréglonou Trégourez Tréguennec Trégunc Le Tréhou Trémaouézan Tréméoc Tréméven Tréogat Tréouergat Le Trévoux Trézilidé

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 139010996 LCCN: n80080484 GND: 4048082-3 SUDOC: 026554364 BNF: cb1525

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