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Quezon
Quezon
City (/ˈkɛzɒn/ KEZ-on;[5] Filipino: Lungsod Quezon, Tagalog pronunciation: [luŋˈsod ˈkɛːson]; Spanish: Ciudad Quezón [sjuˈðað keˈson]; also known as QC or Kyusi[6]) is the most populous city in the Philippines. It was founded by and named after Manuel L. Quezon, the 2nd President of the Philippines, to replace Manila
Manila
as the national capital. The city eventually became the capital of the Philippines
Philippines
from 1948 until 1976.[7] It is the largest city in terms of population and land area in Metro Manila, the National Capital Region of the Philippines. Quezon
Quezon
City is not located in and should not be confused with Quezon
Quezon
Province, which was also named after the president. Quezon
Quezon
City hosts a number of government offices, the most important of which are the Batasang Pambansa Complex
Batasang Pambansa Complex
(the seat of the House of Representatives, the lower chamber of the Philippine Congress), and the Quezon
Quezon
City Reception House (the current seat of the Vice President of the Philippines).[7] Quezon
Quezon
City also serves as home to the University of the Philippines
Philippines
Diliman–the national university–and Ateneo de Manila
Manila
University. The Quezon
Quezon
Memorial Circle is a national park and shrine located in Quezon
Quezon
City. The park is an ellipse bounded by the Elliptical Road. Its main feature is a mausoleum containing the remains of President Quezon
Quezon
and his wife, First Lady Aurora Quezon.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Master Plans

2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Demographics

3.1 Religion

4 Economy 5 Education 6 Transportation

6.1 Railways 6.2 Public Transport and Road Network

7 Government

7.1 Mayors 7.2 Barangays 7.3 Public Order and Safety

8 Districts

8.1 Bagumbayan 8.2 Commonwealth Avenue 8.3 Cubao 8.4 Diliman 8.5 Galas-Santol 8.6 La Loma 8.7 Loyola Heights 8.8 New Manila 8.9 Novaliches 8.10 San Francisco del Monte 8.11 Santa Mesa Heights 8.12 Tandang Sora 8.13 The Project Areas 8.14 Triangle Park (Central Business District) 8.15 Ugong Norte

9 Sister cities

9.1 International 9.2 Local

10 In art 11 See also 12 References 13 External links

History[edit]

Commonwealth President Manuel L. Quezon.

Before Quezon
Quezon
City was created, its land was settled by the small individual towns of San Francisco del Monte, Novaliches, and Balintawak. On August 23, 1896, the Katipunan, led by its Supremo Andrés Bonifacio, launched the Philippine Revolution
Philippine Revolution
against the Spanish Empire
Spanish Empire
at the house of Melchora Aquino
Melchora Aquino
in Pugad Lawin
Pugad Lawin
(now known as Balintawak). In the early 20th century, President Manuel L. Quezon
Quezon
dreamt of a city that would become the future capital of the country to replace Manila. It is believed that his earlier trip in Mexico
Mexico
City, Mexico
Mexico
influenced his vision.[8][9] In 1938, President Quezon
Quezon
created the People's Homesite Corporation and purchased 15.29 km2 (6 sq mi) from the vast Diliman Estate of the Tuason family; this piece of land became known then as Barrio Obrero ("Workers' Village"). The National Assembly of the Philippine Commonwealth passed Commonwealth Act 502, known as the Charter of Quezon
Quezon
City, originally proposed as "Balintawak City; Assemblymen Narciso Ramos
Narciso Ramos
and Ramon Mitra Sr. successfully lobbied the assembly to name the city after the incumbent president. President Quezon
Quezon
allowed the bill to lapse into law without his signature on October 12, 1939, thus establishing Quezon
Quezon
City.[8][9] When Quezon
Quezon
City was created in 1939, the following barrios or sitios: Balintawak, Balingasa, Kaingin, Kangkong, La Loma, Malamig, Matalahib, Masambong, Galas, San Isidro, San Jose, Santol, and Tatalon from Caloocan; New Manila, Cubao, San Francisco del Monte, Western half of Diliman, Kamuning, and Roxas from San Juan; Jesus de la Peña, Lower Barrangka, Eastern half of Diliman, Krus Na Ligas, and Balara from Marikina; Ugong, Santolan, and Libis from Pasig
Pasig
and some barrios from Montalban and San Mateo were to be given to the new capital city. Instead of opposing them, the five residents willingly gave land to Quezon
Quezon
City in the belief their benefits to the country's new capital. However, in 1941, the area within Wack Wack Golf and Country Club was reverted to Mandaluyong; and Jesus de la Peña and Lower Barrangka to Marikina. In addition, the land of Camp Crame
Camp Crame
was given from San Juan. Imperial Japanese forces occupied Quezon
Quezon
City in 1942 during World War II. In 1945, combined Filipino and American troops under the United States Army, Philippine Commonwealth Army, and Philippine Constabulary, with help from recognized guerrilla units, liberated and recaptured Quezon
Quezon
City in a few months, expelling Imperial Japanese forces. After the war, Republic Act No. 333, which redefined the Caloocan– Quezon
Quezon
City boundary, was signed by President Elpidio Quirino
Quirino
on July 17, 1948, declaring Quezon
Quezon
City to be the national capital, and specifying the city's area to be 156.60 km2 (60 sq mi). The barrios of Baesa, Talipapá, San Bartolomé, Pasong Tamó, Novaliches
Novaliches
Población, Banlát, Kabuyao, Pugad Lawin, Bagbag, and Pasong Putik, which belonged to Novaliches
Novaliches
and had a combined area of about 8,100 hectares, were taken from Caloocan
Caloocan
and ceded to Quezon
Quezon
City. This caused the territorial division of Caloocan into two non-contiguous parts, the South section being the more urbanized part, and the North half being sub-rural. On June 16, 1950, the Quezon
Quezon
City Charter was revised by Republic Act No. 537, changing the city's boundaries to an area of 153.59 km2 (59 sq mi).[8][9] Exactly six years after on June 16, 1956, more revisions to the city's land area were made by Republic Act No. 1575, which defined its area as 151.06 km2 (58 sq mi). According to the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology and Geoscience Australia
Geoscience Australia
on their study earthquake impact and risk assessment on the Greater Metropolitan Manila
Manila
Area, the total area of Quezon
Quezon
City stood at 165.33 km2 (64 sq mi).[1][2] On October 1, 1975, Quezon
Quezon
City was the actual site of the "Thrilla in Manila" boxing fight between Muhammad Ali
Muhammad Ali
and Joe Frazier. On November 7, 1975 the promulgation of Presidential Decree No. 824 of President Ferdinand Marcos
Ferdinand Marcos
established Metro Manila.[8][9] Quezon
Quezon
City became one of Metro Manila's 17 cities and municipalities. The next year, Presidential Decree No. 940 transferred the capital back to Manila
Manila
on June 24, 1976. On March 31, 1978, President Marcos ordered the transfer of the remains of President Quezon
Quezon
from Manila
Manila
North Cemetery to the completed Quezon
Quezon
Memorial Monument within Elliptical Road. On February 22, 1986, the Quezon
Quezon
City portion of the Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (between Camp Crame
Camp Crame
and Camp Aguinaldo) became the venue of the bloodless People Power Revolution
People Power Revolution
that overthrew Marcos. On February 23, 1998, Republic Act. No. 8535 was signed by President Fidel Ramos.[8][9] The Act provided for the creation of the City of Novaliches
Novaliches
comprising the 15 northernmost barangays of Quezon
Quezon
City. However, in the succeeding plebiscite on October 23, 1999, an overwhelming majority of Quezon
Quezon
City residents rejected the secession of Novaliches. Quezon
Quezon
City is the first local government in the Philippines
Philippines
with a computerized real estate assessment and payment system. The city government developed a database system that now contains around 400,000 property units with capability to record payments.[8][9] Master Plans[edit] In 1938, President Quezon
Quezon
made a decision to push for a new capital city. Manila
Manila
was getting crowded, and his military advisors (reportedly) told him that Manila, being by the bay, was an easy target for bombing by naval guns in case of attack–a real possibility in the late 1930s. Military advisers, however, did not anticipate aerial bombardment.[8][9] Quezon
Quezon
supported the idea of a new city at least 15 km (9 mi) away from Manila
Manila
Bay (beyond the reach of naval guns). He contacted William E. Parsons, American architect and planner, who had been the consulting architect for the islands early in the American colonial period. Parsons came over in the summer of 1939 and helped select the Diliman
Diliman
(Tuason) estate as the site for the new city. Unfortunately he died later that year, leaving his partner Harry Frost to take over. Frost collaborated with Juan Arellano, engineer A.D. Williams, and landscape architect and planner Louis Croft to craft a grand master plan for the new capital.[8][9] The plan was approved by the Philippine authorities in 1941. The core of the new city was to be a 400 ha central green, about the size of New York's Central Park, and defined by North, South (Timog), East and West Avenues. On one corner of the proposed Diliman
Diliman
Quadrangle was delineated a 25-hectare elliptical site. This was to contain a large capitol building to house the Philippine Legislature
Philippine Legislature
and ancillary structures for the offices of representatives.[8][9] On either side of the giant ellipse were supposed to have been the new Malacañan Palace
Malacañan Palace
on North Avenue (site of the present-day Veterans Memorial Hospital), and the Supreme Court Complex along East Avenue (now the site of East Avenue Medical Center). The three branches of government were to be finally and efficiently located in close proximity to each other.[8][9]    [top] Geography[edit]

Aerial view of Quezon
Quezon
City with Welcome Rotonda in the foreground

The city lies on the Guadalupe Plateau, a relatively high plateau at the northeast of the metropolis situated between the lowlands of Manila
Manila
to the southwest and the Marikina
Marikina
River Valley to the east. The southern portion is drained by the narrow San Juan River and its tributaries to Pasig
Pasig
River, while running in the northern portions of the city is the equally-narrow Tullahan River. Quezon
Quezon
City is bordered by Manila
Manila
to the southwest, by Caloocan
Caloocan
and Valenzuela City
Valenzuela City
to the west and northwest. To the south lie San Juan and Mandaluyong, while Marikina
Marikina
and Pasig
Pasig
border the city to the southeast. To the north across Marilao River lies San Jose del Monte in the province of Bulacan, while to the east lie Rodriguez and San Mateo, both in the province of Rizal. The city can be divided into a number of areas. The southern portion of the city is divided into a number of districts including Diliman, Commonwealth, the Project areas, Cubao, Kamias, Kamuning, New Manila, San Francisco del Monte, and Santa Mesa Heights. The northern half of the city is often called Novaliches
Novaliches
and contains the areas of Fairview and Lagro. Most of these areas have no defined boundaries and are primarily residential in nature. Climate[edit]

Quezon
Quezon
City, Philippines

Climate chart (explanation)

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    17     29 19

    8.9     29 19

    10     31 19

    64     33 21

    154     34 23

    292     33 24

    417     33 24

    444     32 24

    401     32 23

    332     30 23

    194     30 21

    93     29 20

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in mm

Imperial conversion

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    0.7     83 67

    0.4     85 66

    0.4     87 67

    2.5     91 70

    6.1     93 73

    11     92 74

    16     91 75

    17     89 75

    16     89 74

    13     86 73

    7.6     85 70

    3.7     84 68

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in inches

Quezon
Quezon
City straddles between a tropical savanna climate and a tropical monsoon climate ( Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification
Aw/Am), with warm weather and dry and wet seasons.

Climate data for Science Garden, Diliman

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 28.6 (83.5) 29.4 (84.9) 30.5 (86.9) 32.7 (90.9) 34.1 (93.4) 33.4 (92.1) 32.5 (90.5) 31.9 (89.4) 31.6 (88.9) 30.2 (86.4) 29.7 (85.5) 29.0 (84.2) 31.13 (88.05)

Daily mean °C (°F) 23.1 (73.6) 23.2 (73.8) 23.6 (74.5) 25.4 (77.7) 26.9 (80.4) 27.2 (81) 26.1 (79) 25.2 (77.4) 25.0 (77) 24.6 (76.3) 23.9 (75) 23.3 (73.9) 24.79 (76.63)

Average low °C (°F) 19.2 (66.6) 19.1 (66.4) 19.4 (66.9) 21.0 (69.8) 22.5 (72.5) 23.6 (74.5) 23.9 (75) 23.8 (74.8) 23.4 (74.1) 22.5 (72.5) 20.9 (69.6) 19.8 (67.6) 21.1 (70)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 17.2 (0.677) 8.9 (0.35) 10.2 (0.402) 63.6 (2.504) 153.7 (6.051) 291.6 (11.48) 417.1 (16.421) 443.8 (17.472) 400.8 (15.78) 332.0 (13.071) 194.0 (7.638) 93.2 (3.669) 2,426.1 (95.515)

Average rainy days (≥ 0.10 mm) 4 2 3 4 12 18 22 23 21 18 14 8 149

Average relative humidity (%) 51 51 47 64 77 83 95 96 87 72 63 58 70.3

Source: PAGASA[10]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Quezon
Quezon
City

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1939 39,013 —    

1948 107,977 +11.98%

1960 397,990 +11.48%

1970 754,452 +6.60%

1975 956,864 +4.88%

1980 1,165,865 +4.03%

1990 1,669,776 +3.66%

1995 1,989,419 +3.34%

2000 2,173,831 +1.92%

2007 2,679,450 +2.93%

2010 2,761,720 +1.11%

2015 2,936,116 +1.17%

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][11][12][13]

According to the 2015 Census, the population of the city was 2,936,116, making it by the most populous city in the Philippines. This figure is higher by more than 1.1 million from Manila, the country's second most populous city. In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 1,150,342 registered voters.[14] The increase in population of the city has been dramatic considering that it was only founded (and sparsely populated) in 1939. Quezon
Quezon
City became the biggest city in terms of population in the Philippines
Philippines
in 1990 when it finally surpassed the number of inhabitants of the densely populated City of Manila. Quezon
Quezon
City's population continued to increase and went on to become the first Philippine city (and as of 2017 the only city) to reach 2 million people (in the late 1990s). Population is projected to reach 3 million people between the 2015 and 2020 census years and 4 million people between the 2025 and 2030 census years.[15] The trend is also seen in the significant increase in the percentage share of Quezon
Quezon
City to the total population of Metro Manila. Its share comes from a low of less than 10% in the 1950s to 21.0%[16] in 1980 and then to 22.8% in 2015. Religion[edit] Quezon
Quezon
City is predominantly Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
with roughly 90% affiliation in the population; Novaliches
Novaliches
Diocese had a 90% Roman Catholic adherence while the Diocese of Cubao had a Roman Catholic adherence of more than 88% (Catholic Diocese Hierarchy, 2003). In 2002, Quezon
Quezon
City was made an episcopal see for two new Catholic dioceses: Cubao and Novaliches, as the very populous Archdiocese of Manila
Manila
was carved up and five new dioceses created.[citation needed] A number of religious orders have set up convents and seminaries in the city. Various Protestant faiths have seen a significant increase in membership over recent decades[17][18] and are well represented in Quezon
Quezon
City. While the Islamic faith has its largest concentrations in the south of the Philippines, there is a significant population in Quezon
Quezon
City. The Salam compound in Barangay
Barangay
Culiat houses one of the area's landmark mosques. Iglesia ni Cristo
Iglesia ni Cristo
(INC) the second largest Christian denomination in the country, also has a large number of adherents with their large central temple in the city. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
has the Manila Philippines
Philippines
Temple and the Missionary Training Center
Missionary Training Center
located at Temple Drive Greenmeadows Subdivision of the city. A branch of Jesus Is Lord Church which known as JIL, a Christian megachurch. The Iglesia Filipina Independiente (Also known as the "Aglipayan Church") has three (3) parishes located in the city, the Parish of the Crucified Lord in Apolonio Samson, Parish of the Holy Cross in Escale, University of the Philippines
Philippines
Diliman
Diliman
and the Parish of the Resurrection in Balingasa. The Kingdom of Jesus Christ, The Name Above Every Name of Pastor
Pastor
Apollo C. Quiboloy is located at Novaliches (Central Office), EDSA–Cubao, Muñoz, and Fairview. The biggest concentration of the Jesus Miracle Crusade of Evangelist Wilde E. Almeda is also located in the city. The Philippine Branch office of the Jehovah's Witnesses
Jehovah's Witnesses
is located along Roosevelt Avenue. The seat of the Presiding Bishop, the Cathedral of Sts. Mary and John of the Episcopal Church, the national offices of the United Church of Christ in the Philippines, the National Council of Churches in the Philippines
Philippines
as well as a number of Protestant seminaries are located in the city. The headquarters of the UCKG HelpCenter (Universal Church of the Kingdom of God) is located at the former Quezon
Quezon
Theater building. The headquarters of Bread of Life Ministries International is a Christian megachurch located in its own ministry center on Mother Ignacia Ave. in scout area. New Life NorthMetro, A satellite church of ANLCC (Alabang Newlife Christian Center) is located in Cinema 6, 4th level of Trinoma Mall. The Church So Blessed, also a Christian church, is located in Commonwealth Avenue. People of Grace Fellowship is another Christian church located in Kamuning Road, corner Judge Jimenez. Members Church of God International
Members Church of God International
(Ang Dating Daan) are also established in the city. Economy[edit]

High-rise buildings in the Eastwood City, a major development in Quezon
Quezon
City

Araneta Center
Araneta Center
is one of the major commercial centers in Quezon
Quezon
City.

The commercial center of the city is in Cubao, Araneta Center, owned by the Araneta family, where many shopping malls and the Aurora Tower can be found. Fiesta Carnival was an enclosed amusement park carnival located in the heart of the Cubao Commercial Center, later replaced by a branch of Shopwise, a local supermarket chain. Meanwhile, the Smart Araneta Coliseum is a venue for concerts as well as sports events. Quezon
Quezon
City is home to the Philippines' major broadcasting networks. Television companies such as ABS-CBN, RPN, GMA Network, INC TV, UNTV, Net 25, PTV, and IBC all have their headquarters in Quezon
Quezon
City. TV5 also had its headquarters in Quezon
Quezon
City since 1992, but it moved out to Mandaluyong
Mandaluyong
City in 2013. However, its transmitter in Novaliches
Novaliches
is still being used and operated by the network.[19] In Novaliches, the Cathay Metal Corporation, the Republic Biscuit Corporation, however due to economic and population humanity reason the Highway of Quirino
Quirino
going to the District had been reduced to two lanes from former four lanes and an island in between, the Uniwide Warehouse Club[permanent dead link] and Main Office, Man Trucks and Buses, The HATAW Jeepney
Jeepney
Assemblers assembling Four Pedalled Vehicle (Rear Brakes Pedal, Front Brakes Pedal, Clutch Pedal and Accelerator Pedal used for Drifting).... Tomas Morato
Tomas Morato
and Timog Avenues are the heart of a restaurant and entertainment row with a wide array of prices, cultures, and flavors while Banawe Avenue is dubbed as the "Autoparts Capital of the Philippines"[20] and home to clusters of authentic Chinese restaurants aside from Binondo. The tallest building in the city is a 40-storey Eastwood Parkview located in Eastwood City.[21] Quezon
Quezon
City's communication system is powered by the duopoly of PLDT and Globe Telecom. Cellular networking in the Philippines, particularly the metropolitan areas, is increasing rapidly together with the low cost of calls and text messaging. Such big companies that control the cellular networks in Quezon
Quezon
City are Globe Telecom- BayanTel and Smart Communications
Smart Communications
(PLDT)- Sun Cellular
Sun Cellular
from Digitel. Digitel's main headquarters is located along Eulogio Rodriguez, Jr. Avenue (C-5) in Bagumbayan while that of BayanTel stands along Roosevelt Avenue Eastwood City
Eastwood City
is a business district developed by Megaworld Corporation in Bagumbayan, Quezon
Quezon
City. Citibank Philippines, IBM Philippines, NEC
NEC
Philippines, Canon Philippines
Philippines
and Mercury Drug Corporation are some of the companies headquartered in the cyberpark within the district. Education[edit]

University of the Philippines
Philippines
Diliman

The city has several major educational institutions. Two of the most well-known are the University of the Philippines
Philippines
Diliman
Diliman
and the Ateneo de Manila
Manila
University, both comprehensive research universities consistently ranked among the best in the country. Numerous Catholic Schools are also located in Quezon
Quezon
City such as Miriam College, St. Paul University of Quezon
Quezon
City, Siena College of Quezon
Quezon
City, etc. Other denomination also established their Schools in this city such as Trinity University of Asia
Trinity University of Asia
run by Episcopalian and New Era University run by Iglesia ni Cristo. The presence of medical schools have made Quezon
Quezon
City a center of healthcare and medical education. These include Our Lady of Fátima University, FEU Nicanor Reyes Medical Foundation (medical school of the Far Eastern University), St. Luke's College of Medicine, Capitol Medical Center Colleges, De Los Santos - STI College, New Era University College of Medicine, and the UERMMMC College of Medicine. While it is located in Pasig, the Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health lies close to its border with Quezon
Quezon
City. Other professional schools include the University of the Philippines College of Law and the New Era University
New Era University
College of Law, both located in Diliman. The Technological Institute of the Philippines
Philippines
specializes in engineering and vocational education. The city government operates the Quezon
Quezon
City Polytechnic University, which has campuses in Novaliches, Batasan Hills, and Barangay
Barangay
Sto. Cristo. The Polytechnic University of the Philippines
Philippines
operates an extension campus in Barangay
Barangay
Commonwealth. Business and management schools located in the city include Entrepreneurs School of Asia located in Libis and National College of Business and Arts (NCBA) with campuses in Fairview and Cubao. Other colleges include FEU- Diliman
Diliman
(extension of Far Eastern University), Kalayaan College, the Central Colleges of the Philippines, Philippine Rehabilitation Institute, the main branch of the AMA Computer University, and numerous campuses of information technology colleges such as Asia School of Arts & Sciences (ASAS), Informatics International College, and STI College. Women's colleges such as Miriam College, Immaculate Heart of Mary College, and Saint Pedro Poveda College are located within city limits, with the last straddling the border of Quezon
Quezon
City and Pasig. The Catholic K-12 schools operated by religious orders include Angelicum College
Angelicum College
(Dominican), Ateneo Grade School and High School (Jesuit), School of the Holy Spirit (Missionaries Sisters Servants of the Holy Spirit), Siena College of Quezon
Quezon
City (Dominicans), St. Joseph's College of Quezon
Quezon
City (Franciscan), Lourdes School of Quezon City ( Franciscan
Franciscan
Capuchin), St. Mary's College of Quezon
Quezon
City (Religious of the Virgin Mary), St. Theresa's College of Quezon
Quezon
City (Missionary Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary), and Stella Maris College (Dominican). Other Catholic schools operated by laypersons include Miriam College (formerly of the Maryknoll Sisters), St. Bridget School, Colegio de San Lorenzo, Flos Carmeli Institution, PAREF-Northfield School, PAREF-Rosehill School, Mater Carmeli School, School of Saint Anthony, and Sacred Heart Academy of Novaliches, while parochial schools include the Immaculate Conception Cathedral School in Cubao and the Good Shepherd Cathedral School
Good Shepherd Cathedral School
in Fairview. Other private religious schools include New Era University
New Era University
(Iglesia Ni Cristo), Grace Christian College (evangelical Christian), Jubilee Christian Academy (evangelical Christian), and Trinity University of Asia (Episcopalian). Notable secondary public schools include the Quezon
Quezon
City Science High School, Commonwealth High School, Ernesto Rondon High School, Don Alejandro Roces Sr. Science-Technology High School, Batasan Hills National High School, the University of the Philippines
Philippines
Integrated School, and Philippine Science High School Main Campus. The last two are operated independently of the Division of City Schools, with UPIS being managed by the UP College of Education and PSHS being run by the Department of Science and Technology. Research institutes in the city include the Philippine Heart Center, National Kidney and Transplant Institute, the Lung Center of the Philippines, the Philippine Nuclear Research Institute, and the Philippine Institute for Pure and Applied Chemistry. OB Montessori Center in Fairview, Quezon
Quezon
City is a school campus provided in Quezon City.

   [top] Transportation[edit]

Platform area of LRT-2 Araneta Center-Cubao Station

Railways[edit] Two elevated light rail systems and one heavy rail system run through Quezon
Quezon
City: LRT-1 – at EDSA (C-4) connecting North Avenue and Baclaran (Manila) LRT-2 – at Aurora Boulevard
Aurora Boulevard
(R-6) connecting Santolan (Marikina) and Recto (C-1 in Manila), and MRT-3 – at EDSA (C-4) from Taft Avenue (R-2 in Pasay
Pasay
City) to North Avenue. An elevated rail transit system (MRT-7) that was supposed to follow the general alignment of Quezon
Quezon
and Commonwealth Avenues (R-7) was shelved. In its place, a 22 kilometer rail system will be built. The MRT-7 project will commence at North Avenue, connecting the MRT-3 at its northern terminus. It will then go through Commonwealth Avenue, then through Regalado, Quirino
Quirino
Highway, ending in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan. The system has a proposed spur line to connect itself to LRT-2 in Katipunan, passing through the University of the Philippines Diliman
Diliman
and Katipunan
Katipunan
Avenue. An elevated Automated Guideway Transit
Automated Guideway Transit
system is currently under construction in UP Diliman. The following elevated railway stations in the city (Only 13 Stations):

Katipunan
Katipunan
Avenue

Commonwealth Avenue, a major thoroughfare in Quezon
Quezon
City

MRT-3 (with 5 Stations):

North Avenue- (Connected to LRT-1) Quezon
Quezon
Avenue Kamuning Araneta Center-Cubao- (Connected to MRT-2) Santolan

LRT-2 (with 5 Stations):

Gilmore Betty Go-Belmonte Araneta Center-Cubao- (Connected to MRT-3) Anonas Katipunan

LRT-1 (with 3 Stations)

Balintawak Roosevelt North Avenue- (Connected to MRT-3)

Public Transport and Road Network[edit] Public transportation within the city, like in most of the urban areas in the Philippines, is facilitated mostly using inexpensive jeepneys and buses. Tricycles give access to more secluded areas, while taxi cabs are available. This City has 3 Circumferential Roads and 4 Radial Roads. The following are:

C-3: Sgt. Emilio Rivera Avenue and Araneta Avenue C-4: Epifanio de los Santos Avenue
Epifanio de los Santos Avenue
or EDSA C-5: Mindanao
Mindanao
Avenue, Tandang Sora
Tandang Sora
Avenue, Congressional Avenue, Luzon Avenue, Katipunan
Katipunan
Avenue, Col. Bonny Serrano Avenue, and Eulogio Rodriguez, Jr. Avenue R-5: Ortigas Avenue R-6: Magsaysay Boulevard
Magsaysay Boulevard
and Aurora Boulevard R-7: Quezon
Quezon
Avenue, Elliptical Road, Commonwealth Avenue, and Quirino Highway R-8: Andres Bonifacio
Andres Bonifacio
Avenue, North Luzon
Luzon
Expressway, and Quirino Highway

Balintawak area will be the future northern terminus of Skyway in 2019. The stage 3 segment is the future elevated expressway connecting North Luzon Expressway
North Luzon Expressway
and South Luzon Expressway
South Luzon Expressway
in Buendia, Makati City. For the list of other Quezon
Quezon
City Major Roads, see Major roads in Metro Manila Government[edit]

Tomás Morató, the first mayor of Quezon
Quezon
City.

Like other cities in the Philippines, Quezon
Quezon
City is governed by a mayor and vice mayor elected to three-year terms. The mayor is the executive head and leads the city's departments in executing the city ordinances and improving public services. The vice mayor heads the legislative council consisting of 24 members. These councilors represent the six (6) legislative districts of the city. The council is in charge of formulating and enacting city ordinances. Quezon
Quezon
City, being a part of the Metro Manila
Metro Manila
region, has its mayor in the Metro Manila
Metro Manila
Council headed by the Metropolitan Manila
Manila
Development Authority (MMDA). This council formulates development plans that seeks to solve the problems and improve the conditions in the metropolis. Mayors[edit] Main article: List of mayors of Quezon
Quezon
City President Manuel L. Quezon
Quezon
acted as mayor from October 12 to November 4, 1939, pending the resignation from another position of his intended appointee, Tomas B. Morato. Since a president can, under Philippine law, hold multiple portfolios inferior to his office, Quezon
Quezon
took the position of mayor in a concurrent capacity. However, it is erroneous to view him as the first mayor, as a president holding a concurrent position is not listed in the roster of incumbents for those offices. Barangays[edit] See also: Barangays
Barangays
of Quezon
Quezon
City Quezon
Quezon
City is made up of 142 barangays (the smallest local government units) which handle governance in a much smaller area. These barangays are grouped into the aforementioned legislative districts. Each district, in turn is represented in the House of Representatives. Public Order and Safety[edit]

The national headquarters of the Philippine National Police

General Headquarters of the AFP in Camp Aguinaldo

Peace and order, which includes traffic management of the city is administered by the Quezon
Quezon
City Department of Public Order and Safety,[22] whose offices are found inside the Quezon
Quezon
City Hall Complex,[23] is headed by retired QCPD District Director – Police Chief Superintendent Elmo San Diego.[22] Emergency management
Emergency management
for the city is administered by the Quezon
Quezon
City Disaster Risk Reduction Management Council headed by Mayor
Mayor
Herbert Bautista[24] and Quezon
Quezon
City Disaster Risk Reduction & Management Office[25] headed by its administrator; Dr. Noel Lansang.[23] The QCDRRMO will move out of the DPOS Building once construction of the QCDRRMO Building, near Gate 7 of the City Hall Complex, is completed 4th Quarter of 2014.[25] The National Headquarters of the Philippine National Police[26] is located inside Camp Rafael Crame in Santolan, Quezon
Quezon
City and National Headquarters of the Bureau of Fire Protection[27] is located in Agham road, Quezon
Quezon
City. Supporting the PNP in administration, rehabilitation and protection of prisoners within the city is the Quezon
Quezon
City Jail and is run by Officers and Enlisted Personnel of the Bureau of Jail Management and Penology.[28] The BJMP National Headquarters is located along Mindanao Avenue
Mindanao Avenue
in Project 8.[29] The Quezon
Quezon
City Police District[30] of the National Capital Region Police Office[31] is responsible for law enforcement in the city. Police structure within Quezon
Quezon
City is centralized and its command center found inside Camp Karingal, Sikatuna Village, Quezon
Quezon
City.[30] The QCPD Police sectors are divided to twelve (12) stations.[32] The Quezon
Quezon
City Fire District is a division of the Bureau of Fire Protection National Capital Region[33] which provides fire and emergency services to the city. Similarly, there are nineteen (19) fire sub-stations strategically located within the city. District Headquarters are located inside the Quezon
Quezon
City Hall Complex.[23] The Armed Forces of the Philippines'[34] General Headquarters[35] is in Camp Emilio Aguinaldo[36] in Murphy, Quezon
Quezon
City. The AFP Joint Task Force NCR[37] is also housed inside Camp Aguinaldo. Several reserve units of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, which include the 1502nd Infantry Brigade (Ready Reserve), 201st Infantry Battalion (Ready Reserve),[38] 202nd Infantry Battalion (Ready Reserve)
202nd Infantry Battalion (Ready Reserve)
of the Army Reserve Command[39] and the 11th Air Force Group (Reserve)[40] of the Air Force Reserve Command[41] are also found in Quezon
Quezon
City and may render assistance to this local government unit during emergencies.[42] The 105th Technical & Administrative Services Group (Reserve), specifically the 1st Technical & Administrative Services Unit (Ready Reserve) of the AFP Reserve Command[43] provide technical assistance to these maneuver units. Collectively, these units function similar to that of the US National Guard. The Philippine Coast Guard Auxiliary,[44] 106th Coast Guard Auxiliary Squadron,[45] provides water search and rescue capabilities to disaster response agencies of Quezon
Quezon
City. It is headquartered at Barangay
Barangay
Quirino
Quirino
2-C. Districts[edit]

Political map of Quezon
Quezon
City

Quezon
Quezon
City is divided into six legislative districts, in turn subdivided in a total of 142 barangays. Each district is represented by six City Councilors, six representatives/congressmen, one from each district are elected as members of the National Legislature. The number of barangays per district is: District I, 37; District II, 5; District III, 37; District IV, 38; District V, 14; and District VI, 11; Although District II has the least number of barangays, it is the biggest in land area, including the Novaliches
Novaliches
Reservoir. The La Mesa Watershed Reservation
La Mesa Watershed Reservation
in Novaliches
Novaliches
is the last forest of its size in the metropolis, the La Mesa Dam
La Mesa Dam
is an earth dam whose reservoir can hold up to 50.5 million cubic meters and occupying an area of 27 square kilometres (10 sq mi), it is also part of the Angat–Ipo–La Mesa water system which supplies most of the water supply of Metro Manila. Bagumbayan[edit] Located at the southeastern corner of Quezon
Quezon
City, Bagumbayan is one of the newly developed commercial areas in Quezon
Quezon
City. The Eastwood City Business Center is situated here. It consists of several office and residential skyscrapers, including many local IT and consumer electronic firms. Numerous bars and restaurants have been put up since 2000 along E. Rodriguez Jr. Avenue (C-5). Many of which are open-air restaurants and coffee shops reminiscent of Paris boulevards, but with a modern architecture. With this, Bagumbayan is fast becoming one of the hippest areas for night entertainment, similar to the Malate and Ermita districts of Manila. West of Bagumbayan are many high-end gated communities like the Acropolis, Blue Ridge, Greenmeadows, White Plains, Corinthian Hills, and Corinthian Gardens. Further west are Camp Aguinaldo
Camp Aguinaldo
and Camp Crame. Camp Aguinaldo
Camp Aguinaldo
is the general headquarters of the Armed Forces of the Philippines
Philippines
while Camp Crame
Camp Crame
is the headquarters of the Philippine National Police. Bagumbayan also covers a sliver of Ortigas Center business district at the southeast corner of EDSA and Ortigas Avenue, where Robinsons Galleria, the EDSA Shrine, and Cyberpod Corinthian are located. Commonwealth Avenue[edit]

The Batasang Pambansa Complex, home to the House of Representatives of the Philippines

North of Diliman
Diliman
lies the Commonwealth area, so named because of Commonwealth Avenue (R-7) (formerly called Don Mariano Marcos Avenue) which runs through its center. Barangays
Barangays
in this area include Batasan Hills, Barangay
Barangay
Commonwealth, Holy Spirit and Old Balara. This is primarily a residential area home to many subdivisions (residential associations), among these are Ferndale Villas, Don Antonio Royale, Don Antonio Heights, BF Homes QC, Ferndale Homes, Vista Real, Filinvest 1 and 2, New Capitol Estates and others. The government center in Quezon
Quezon
City was originally planned to be at what is now the location of the Quezon
Quezon
Memorial Circle,[46] but it was then moved further north to where Batasan hills is now. Resultantly, there are important government establishments nearby such as the Commission on Audit of the Philippines, the Sandiganbayan, a special court with a rank equivalent to the Court of Appeals and the Batasang Pambansa Complex, which houses the lower house of the Philippine Congress. Schools within the Commonwealth area include the School of the Holy Spirit, Our Lady of Mercy School, Diliman
Diliman
Preparatory School, The Seed Montessori, Mary the Queen College, Capitol Hills Christian School, and the Asian Institute of Computer Studies. Ironically, this is also an area of sheer contrasts and a display of the acute economic differences in Metro Manila, with kilometers of shanty houses aligning the avenue on both sides. Parts of these are often being demolished just to be re-occupied by informal settlers soon after. Cubao[edit]

Smart Araneta Coliseum, one of the biggest indoor domes in the world

Cubao, south of Diliman
Diliman
is an important commercial area. At its heart is the Araneta Center
Araneta Center
along EDSA (C-4) and Aurora Boulevard
Aurora Boulevard
(R-6). It is a 35-hectare commercial estate owned and developed by the Araneta family. Department stores and retail centers can also be found here, such as Gateway Mall, Plaza Fair, Rustan's, Shopwise Supercenter, SM Cubao, Ali Mall, and Farmer's Plaza. At the center is Smart Araneta Coliseum, often called the Big Dome. Many musical concerts, ice shows, circus shows, religious crusades, wrestling, cockfighting, and basketball games are held in this 20,000-capacity coliseum. In the outskirts of Araneta Center
Araneta Center
is the Cubao Expo,[47] an artists' colony and site of weekend flea markets. It is also a home to call centers like APAC, Telus,[48] and Stellar.[49] Stellar (Stellar Philippines Inc.)[50] recently moved out of its Cubao site and moved to Eastwood City in 2010. It is Surrounded by Condos like The Sentinel Residences, Robinsons Escalades, Regalia Park, Amaia Skies Cubao, and Portovita. Cubao is also the home of Cubao Cathedral
Cubao Cathedral
the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Cubao, as well as the Iglesia ni Cristo
Iglesia ni Cristo
chapel, Cubao. SM Hypermarket is located just outside the Araneta Center, along EDSA. Nightclubs also abound within the Cubao area, catering to a full range of tastes. There are residential areas ranging from the middle class to the upper class. Araneta Center
Araneta Center
is also home to the Consulate of the Republic of Colombia. North from Araneta Center
Araneta Center
along EDSA (C-4) are numerous bus terminals, which serves buses to most places in Luzon, Visayas
Visayas
or Mindanao. It is also an intersection point for two of city's commuter train lines (the MRT-3 and the LRT-2).[51] Diliman[edit]

TriNoma, a shopping mall in the Diliman
Diliman
District

Named after the Tagalog word for the medicinal fern species Stenochlaena palustris,[52][53] Diliman, located at the center of southern Quezon
Quezon
City, is where many government offices, including City Hall, are located. Diliman
Diliman
is home to several educational institutions such as the University of the Philippines
Philippines
Diliman, Quezon
Quezon
City Polytechnic University at Sto. Cristo, Diliman
Diliman
Preparatory School, FEU–FERN College, Jose Abad Santos Memorial School Quezon
Quezon
City, School of the Holy Spirit, Philippine Science High School Main Campus, Quezon
Quezon
City Science High School, the regional science high school in NCR, St. Mary's College of Quezon
Quezon
City, Quezon
Quezon
City High School, Don Alejandro Roces Science and Technology High School among others. At the center of Diliman
Diliman
lies the Quezon
Quezon
Memorial Circle, where the late President Manuel L. Quezon
Quezon
is interred. Around the monument is the two-kilometer Quezon
Quezon
Memorial Circle, also known as the Elliptical Road (R-7/C-5). The surrounding areas of Timog Avenue
Timog Avenue
(South Avenue) and Tomas Morato Avenue in Diliman
Diliman
are a popular entertainment area. Located along these two avenues are numerous fine-dining restaurants and bars. Discothèques, karaoke joints and comedy bars provide patrons with all-night long recreation. It is home to many gay bars such as Chicos, Adonis, and Gigolo, which are popular for their lively night time entertainment. South Triangle (the area bounded by Quezon
Quezon
Avenue (R-7), Timog Avenue (South Avenue) and EDSA) is the location of main studios of ABS-CBN (including the radio stations DZMM
DZMM
Radyo Patrol 630 and MOR 101.9) and GMA Network
GMA Network
(including the radio stations Super Radyo DZBB 594 and Barangay
Barangay
LS 97.1). Most Filipino entertainment shows and movies are produced here, and it is also home to many Filipino celebrities. As a result, it's often been dubbed the "Filipino Hollywood". The studios and transmitter of RPN/CNN Philippines
Philippines
are located along Panay Avenue, in Barangay
Barangay
South Triangle.

SM City North EDSA, the 4th largest shopping mall in the world

Several of the streets in the surrounding area were named in honor of the 22 Boy Scouts who died in a plane crash en route to joining the 11th World Scout Jamboree. A memorial stands in the center of a rotunda at the intersection of Timog and Tomas Morato
Tomas Morato
Avenues, which accounts for the Timog area being called as the Scout Area. Near the scouting memorial is the location of the former Ozone disco, site of the worst fire in Philippine history. The Quezon
Quezon
City Hall, one of the tallest city halls in the country, is located along the Circle. Surrounding the city hall are spacious parks and open areas. The head offices of some national government agencies are located in Diliman. Near the Circle are many important health centers and institutions. Along East Avenue stand the Philippine Heart Center, the East Avenue Medical Center (EAMC), the National Kidney and Transplant Institute, and the Philippine Mental Health Association. Connecting with East Avenue is Victoriano Luna Avenue where the Armed Forces of the Philippines
Philippines
Medical Center is located. Along North Avenue is the Veterans Memorial Medical Center
Veterans Memorial Medical Center
(VMMC) and the Philippine Medical Association. The Philippine Children's Medical Center and Lung Center of the Philippines
Philippines
are located along Quezon Avenue (R-7). Diliman
Diliman
is also home to the headquarters of most of the country's national television networks, most notably ABS-CBN, the first and largest television network in the country.[54][55] The headquarters of GMA Network, which is also one of the largest television networks in the country, is also located in Diliman. PTV, RPN, IBC, and PBS also hold headquarters in Diliman. Most of the rest of the area is residential. Some villages in this portion of Diliman
Diliman
are Teachers Village, U.P. Village, and Sikatuna Village. Those closer to the University of the Philippines
Philippines
campus such as Teachers Village and U.P. Village remain mostly residential although there are two major secondary schools in the area namely Claret School of Quezon
Quezon
City and Holy Family School of Quezon
Quezon
City, and many have converted spare rooms into boarding facilities for out-of-town students attending schools in the area: U.P., Ateneo, and Miriam College. The eastern edge of the Diliman
Diliman
area is roughly bound by Katipunan Avenue
Katipunan Avenue
which passes in front of Ateneo and Miriam and runs behind the U.P. Diliman
Diliman
campus. Galas-Santol[edit]

SM City Santa Mesa

The Galas-Santol District of Quezon
Quezon
City is located in its southeast border with the City of Manila. Located in the Galas area is the elementary school named after Manuel L. Quezon's wife, Aurora A. Quezon. Carlos L. Albert High School is named after a former vice mayor of the city. The SM City Sta. Mesa
SM City Sta. Mesa
is located in the Galas-Santos District. It is the second of SM Supermall
SM Supermall
and the seventh SM branch developed and operated by SM Prime Holdings
SM Prime Holdings
owned by Henry Sy Sr.. It has a land area of 3 hectares and has a gross floor area of an approximate 133,327 square meters.[56] The mall opened to the public on September 28, 1990, and was the second SM Supermall
SM Supermall
to open after the largest SM Supermall
SM Supermall
in the Philippines
Philippines
at the time, SM City North EDSA. One of the vast areas in the Galas-Santol area is the Quezon
Quezon
Institute compound which was originally the site of Q.I. Hospital for tuberculosis stricken patients. The hospital was established under the auspices of the Philippines
Philippines
Tuberculosis Society. As of 2015[update], a large portion of the compound have ceased to form part of the hospital which remained operational up until now facing E. Rodriguez Avenue between Banawe and G. Araneta Avenue. The main road traversing the area is Santol Road which stretch from the Ramon Magsaysay Boulevard
Magsaysay Boulevard
near Stop and Shop and V. Mapa in Manila up to the back gate of the Q.I. Compound in Bayani Street. Bayani Street often serve as alternate route during traffic along G. Araneta Avenue which allows motorist either to traverse Santol Road to exit at Ramon Magsaysay
Ramon Magsaysay
or going straight to exit either going to Balic-Balic, Manila
Manila
or going to E. Rodriguez or Quezon
Quezon
Avenue and Sta. Mesa Heights area near Mabuhay (previously Welcome) Rotonda. Among the notable other landmarks in the area are the United Doctors Medical Center Hospital and College in Mabuhay Rotonda, the Our Lady of the Sacred School in Plaridel cor. Both G. Araneta and Banawe streets boast of the widest selection of stores for automotive related needs in Quezon
Quezon
City, as both areas are mere tricycle ride away from Galas-Santol area. The Galas Market serve as the main public market in the area. Jeepneys along Santol Road allows one to reach Quiapo via Stop and Shop and Mendiola in Manila. La Loma[edit] La Loma is located on the southwest area of Quezon
Quezon
City. It is composed of five barangays along the vicinity of its main streets, N.S. Amoranto Avenue (Retiro) and A. Bonifacio Avenue. The district is famed as the birthplace of many popular Filipino culinary figures and establishments,[57] especially devoted to the lechon. The nearby La Loma Cemetery is named after the district. Loyola Heights[edit]

The Church of the Gesù in the Ateneo de Manila
Manila
University

Loyola Heights, to the southeast of Diliman
Diliman
is Marikina
Marikina
City's gateway to Quezon
Quezon
City. The Aurora Boulevard
Aurora Boulevard
(R-6) and Katipunan Avenue
Katipunan Avenue
(C-5) provide easy access, but often experience traffic jams during rush hours. Also located in Loyola Heights is the Katipunan
Katipunan
Station of the Manila
Manila
LRT Line 2 (LRT-2), which runs in an east-west direction, providing rapid access to the cities of Manila, Quezon
Quezon
City, Marikina and Pasig, and San Juan. Passengers can transfer to the Manila
Manila
LRT Line 1 at Recto station in Manila, or to the Manila
Manila
Metro Rail Transit System (MRT-3) at Araneta Center–Cubao station. The main campus of Ateneo de Manila
Manila
University and Miriam College are located in Loyola Heights. Loyola Heights also has numerous commercial study centers such as The Loyola Heights–Xavierville Kumon Center, Newton Study Center, LHSC, and others which offer after-school tutorial services. Loyola Heights is an upper middle-class and rich residential area that caters to students of the University of the Philippines
Philippines
Diliman, Ateneo de Manila
Manila
University, and Miriam College, members of the schools' faculty and staff, and their families. La Vista Subdivision, north of Miriam College, is an upscale gated community where some of the country's top politicians own residences, including former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, as well as many of the country's moneyed elite. Accessed through La Vista is Loyola Grand Villas, another upscale gated community. Across Katipunan, the main thoroughfare of the area, are Varsity Hills and Xavierville, both upper class and upper middle-class subdivisions. Near and even within these subdivisions, and right beside La Vista, are some squatters' settlements, making the Loyola Heights area a place of mixed socio-economic classes. New Manila[edit]

Facade of St. Paul University, right along Gilmore Ave.

Balete Drive

New Manila
Manila
is located on west central portion of the city. The largely residential district takes its name from Quezon
Quezon
City's neighbour to the southwest, the City of Manila. The area was first settled after the Second World War by affluent families who wished to escape the stress of living in the capital. As a result, many of the houses here stand on lots measuring 500 square meters and above. The main thoroughfares are Aurora Boulevard, Gilmore Avenue, and Eulogio Rodriguez
Eulogio Rodriguez
Sr. Avenue. Aurora Boulevard
Aurora Boulevard
begins at the Quezon City – Manila
Manila
border and reaches New Manila
Manila
upon crossing EDSA. Gilmore crosses Ortigas Avenue, giving it access to Mandaluyong, Pasig, and San Juan, Metro Manila. Eulogio Rodriguez, Sr. Avenue diverges from Aurora Boulevard
Aurora Boulevard
a few meters from EDSA. Aurora Boulevard
Aurora Boulevard
is the site of Broadway Centrum, where the first GMA Network entertainment shows were shot, now given by GMA to TAPE Inc. for Eat Bulaga!; Broadway Centrum was also given to TV5 for its TV shows until it is moved out in the site to TV5 Media Center at Mandaluyong
Mandaluyong
City.[58] St. Paul University of Quezon
Quezon
City stands at the corner of Aurora Boulevard
Aurora Boulevard
and Gilmore Avenue, across a row of shops specializing in computer equipment, and a branch of SYKES Asia. Kalayaan College, meanwhile, stands at the corner of Aurora Boulevard and Mangga Road. Trinity University of Asia, St. Joseph's College of Quezon
Quezon
City, the Christ the King Mission Seminary, and St. Luke's Medical Center
St. Luke's Medical Center
are all located along Eulogio Rodriguez
Eulogio Rodriguez
Avenue, as are the Quezon Institute and the Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office. Informatics Sta. Mesa, an international computer school that offers higher education programs and short courses is also located along Aurora Boulevard near Araneta Avenue. The main office of BusinessWorld, Southeast Asia's first business daily, is along Balete Drive Extension.[59][60] Also located near New Manila
Manila
is Quezon
Quezon
City's "Funeral Home Row", Araneta Avenue. This is attributed to the unusually high concentration of funeral homes in the area. Curiously, also located along Araneta Avenue is Sanctuarium, a multi-storey columbarium and funeral home. Balete Drive, between Aurora Boulevard
Aurora Boulevard
and Eulogio Rodriguez
Eulogio Rodriguez
Sr. Avenue, is also the setting for many urban legends. The cathedral of the Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Diocese of Cubao is located along Lantana Street, near Eulogio Rodriguez, Sr. Avenue. The offices and studios of MOWELFUND are located a few blocks from the cathedral. New Manila
Manila
is also the site of the official residence and workplace of the Vice President of the Philippines, Quezon
Quezon
City Reception House. Novaliches[edit] "Novaliches" redirects here. For the Spanish general, see Manuel Pavía y Lacy.

La Mesa Watershed and Eco-Park.

SM City Fairview

Novaliches
Novaliches
was named after the Marquis of Novaliches, Manuel Pavía y Lacy, the general who protected Queen Isabella of Spain from her uncle who tried to usurp the Spanish crown, and supporter of her son, King Alfonso, upon the monarchy's restoration. He was made the first Marquis of Novaliches, a title bestowed with Grandeza de Espana (Grandee of Spain--- first class rank among the nobility), in the 1840s. Novaliches
Novaliches
or "New Liches" came from an old district of Granada, Spain also known as "Liches" where Manuel and his ancestors, the Pavías, originate. By the early 1850s, he reluctantly accepted the post of Governor General of the Philippines. He ruthlessly crushed the rebellion started by José Cuesta of Cavite, a Spanish mestizo who rounded carbineros and natives to fight the Spanish military government, one of the many uprisings where even half-Spanish Filipinos began revolting. Novaliches
Novaliches
is Quezon
Quezon
City's northernmost district and is primarily residential. The La Mesa Dam
La Mesa Dam
Watershed occupies the eastern portion. The La Mesa Dam
La Mesa Dam
supplies much of northern Metro Manila's water supply. Adjacent to the watershed is the La Mesa Watershed and Eco-Park, where one can stroll and unwind at Metro Manila's only forest space. Also located in the park are convention centers, picnic areas, swimming pools, an orchidarium, and a large lagoon for boating activities. It was also the site of the rowing and dragon boat events for the 2005 Southeast Asian Games. Rowing is regularly done here. Also located here are five big malls: SM City Fairview, Fairview Terraces, Robinsons Novaliches, SM City Novaliches, and Novaliches
Novaliches
Plaza Mall. Novaliches
Novaliches
town proper is the home of several educational institutions, notably St. John of Beverley, STI College
STI College
Novaliches, both near SM City Novaliches, Maligaya Elementary School and Maligaya High School in Maligaya Park Subdivision, just near SM City Fairview, the Metro Manila
Metro Manila
College (MMC), formerly known as Novaliches
Novaliches
Academy (NA), Quezon
Quezon
City Polytechnic University at San Bartolome (The University's Main Campus), and Sto. Niño de Novaliches
Novaliches
School. Barangay
Barangay
Fairview is home to the Far Eastern University
Far Eastern University
– Nicanor Reyes Medical Foundation, National College of Business and Arts, Our Lady of Fatima University Lagro Campus School of Saint Anthony
School of Saint Anthony
in Lagro, Mater Carmeli School
Mater Carmeli School
in Sacred Heart Village, Good Shepherd Cathedral School in Fairview, Divine Grace School in Maligaya Park Subdivision, just near SM Fairview, and Novaliches
Novaliches
Cathedral (Cathedral Shrine and Parish of the Good Shepherd), the seat of the Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Diocese of Novaliches. Novaliches
Novaliches
used to be the home of TV5, one of the country's largest television networks until 2013, when TV5 moved to Mandaluyong. The transmitter located inside the facility, however, is still being used despite its move to Mandaluyong.[19][61] In 1999, a plebiscite was held among the voters of Quezon
Quezon
City to determine the cityhood of Novaliches. The proposed creation of " Novaliches
Novaliches
City"[62] would have resulted in the secession of 15 barangays from Quezon
Quezon
City. At the plebiscite's end, votes that were against the separation heavily outnumbered those that were in favor.[63] Novaliches
Novaliches
is also home to the oldest church of the Diocese of Novaliches
Novaliches
and the town itself, the Parish and Shrine of Our Lady of Mercy or the Nuestra Senora de las Mercedes. The parish was founded on September 24, 1856 by Padre Andres Martin, O.S.A. Nearby the Church of Las Mercedes is the huge tree where Andres Bonifacio and Tandang Sora
Tandang Sora
held meetings to fight in the revolution against Spain. It is located in the grounds of Metro Manila
Metro Manila
College in Barangay
Barangay
Kaligayahan and has withstood typhoons for more than 200 years. San Francisco del Monte[edit]

Del Monte Ave. entrance of Siena College of Quezon
Quezon
City

Founded as a pueblo by Saint Pedro Bautista in 1590, San Francisco del Monte may be considered Quezon
Quezon
City's oldest district. The original land area of the old town of San Francisco del Monte was approximately2.5 square kilometres (1.0 sq mi) and covered parts of what is currently known as Project 7 and 8 and Timog Avenue. It was later absorbed by Quezon
Quezon
City. It featured a hilly topography with lush vegetation and mineral springs, in the midst of which the old Santuario de San Pedro Bautista
Santuario de San Pedro Bautista
was built as a retreat and monastery for Franciscan
Franciscan
monks. Currently, it is composed of Barangays
Barangays
San Antonio, Paraiso, Paltok, Mariblo, Damayan and Del Monte. San Francisco del Monte is also referred to as S.F.D.M.. The district is bisected by its two major thoroughfares, Roosevelt Avenue
Roosevelt Avenue
and Del Monte Avenue. It is bounded by West Avenue on the east, Epifanio De Los Santos Avenue
Epifanio De Los Santos Avenue
on the north, Quezon
Quezon
Avenue on the south, and Araneta Avenue
Araneta Avenue
on the west. The studios and transmitter of IBC are located along Roosevelt Avenue, in San Francisco del Monte. Today, it is a heavily populated district with a mix of residential, industrial, and commercial areas. The most prominent educational institutions located in the area are Siena College of Quezon
Quezon
City, Angelicum College, and PMI Colleges, while Fisher Mall
Fisher Mall
is the largest commercial establishment. Santa Mesa Heights[edit]

Philippine Orthopedic Center

Santa Mesa Heights is said to be where many middle-class and upper-middle-class families reside. Most of the areas in Santa Mesa Heights are residential. It is also home to the National Shrine of Our Lady of Lourdes and The National Shrine of Our Lady of La Naval (Sto. Domingo Church). Angelicum College, Lourdes School of Quezon
Quezon
City, and St. Theresa's College of Quezon
Quezon
City are three prestigious private Catholic schools to be found here. Philippine Rehabilitation Institute and Capitol Medical Center Colleges are also located here. This is also a location of Philippine Orthopedic Center
Philippine Orthopedic Center
located along Banawe Avenue corner Maria Clara Street. The main thoroughfares of this area are Banawe, D. Tuazon, Mayon, N.S. Amoranto (formerly called Retiro), Del Monte, Sgt. Rivera, and Andres Bonifacio
Andres Bonifacio
Avenue. Tandang Sora[edit] For the hero of the Philippines
Philippines
nicknamed Tandang Sora, see Melchora Aquino. This is located between Commonwealth to the east, North Ave to the south, San Francisco del Monte (Frisco) Avenue to the west, and Fairview–Sauyo to the north. It takes its name from the "Grand Old Lady of the Revolution", Melchora Aquino
Melchora Aquino
or Tandang Sora, whose remains lie at the Tandang Sora
Tandang Sora
National Shrine on Banlat Road, Barangay
Barangay
Tandang Sora. The area is primarily residential with Projects 6 and 8 located here, as are other subdivisions, like Town & Country Gardenville, San Pedro Subdivisions, National Power Corporation
National Power Corporation
or NPC Village, National Irrigation Administration or NIA Village, Reymar Subdivision, Philand Subdivision, Villa Corrina, San Miguel Village, Gloria Subdivisions, Jem Subdivisions, Corazonville subdivision, Villa Concepcion, Villa Lourdes and many more. A large portion of Tandang Sora district is Barangay
Barangay
Bahay Toro, where a historic site of the Philippine Revolution
Philippine Revolution
known as Pugad Lawin
Pugad Lawin
is located. There are some industrial facilities especially near the Mindanao Avenue
Mindanao Avenue
area. Culiat, a Muslim compound, is also to be found here, as are the central offices of the Iglesia ni Cristo, New Era University
New Era University
and the studios and transmitter of Net 25
Net 25
INC TV
INC TV
49, Radyo Agila, Pinas FM and INC Radio of the Eagle Broadcasting Corporation
Eagle Broadcasting Corporation
and Christian Era Broadcasting Service. The transmitter of GMA Network
GMA Network
and Barangay
Barangay
LS 97.1 is located near Culiat. Many educational centers are also within the area. Also in the area are Congressional Avenue, Visayas
Visayas
Avenue, and Mindanao Avenue
Mindanao Avenue
(forming part of C-5). The Project Areas[edit] The housing Project areas are among the first residential subdivisions in the city developed by Presidents Quezon, Quirino, and Magsaysay:

Project 1 ( Barangay
Barangay
Roxas or Roxas District) Projects 2 and 3 (composed of all the Barangays
Barangays
named Quirino) Project 4 (see "Cubao" District) Project 5 ( Barangay
Barangay
E. Rodriguez) Project 6 ( Barangay
Barangay
Project 6) Project 7 ( Barangays
Barangays
Bungad and Veterans Village) Project 8 ( Barangays
Barangays
Bahay Toro, Baesa and Sangandaan).

Triangle Park (Central Business District)[edit] Main article: Triangle Park ( Quezon
Quezon
City) Ugong Norte[edit] Ugong Norte, though some of its area is shared with Bagumbayan, is the boundary of Quezon
Quezon
City with Pasig
Pasig
and houses the posh villages of Acropolis Subdivision, Corinthian Gardens and Green Meadows. Found along ADB avenue, the headquarters of the Asian Development Bank
Asian Development Bank
is partly located within area of Ugong Norte. Robinsons Galleria
Robinsons Galleria
and the Crowne Plaza Manila
Manila
can be found along Ortigas avenue near the EDSA Shrine. Saint Pedro Poveda College sit beside Robinsons Galleria
Robinsons Galleria
along EDSA. Sister cities[edit] Further information: Sister cities of Metro Manila Quezon
Quezon
City's sister cities are:[64] International[edit]

Chiba City, Japan
Japan
(1972)[65][66] Daly City, United States
United States
(1994) Fort Walton Beach, United States
United States
(1997) Hagåtña, Guam
Guam
(2000) Kenosha, United States
United States
(1986) Maui County, Hawaii, United States
United States
(1970) New Westminster, Canada
Canada
(1991)

Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Cambodia
(2017) Salt Lake City, United States
United States
(1967) Shenyang, China
China
(1993) Taipei, Taiwan
Taiwan
(1990) Yuci, China
China
(2006) Yangon, Myanmar
Myanmar
(2017)[67]

Local[edit]

Alicia, Isabela[68] Cotabato
Cotabato
City, Maguindanao[68] Davao City, Davao del Sur Davao Oriental Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro, Misamis Oriental[68] General Santos, South Cotabato[68] Iloilo
Iloilo
City, Iloilo[68]

La Trinidad, Benguet,[68] Naga, Camarines Sur Puerto Princesa, Palawan[68] Pura, Tarlac[68] Roxas, Capiz[68] Sadanga, Mountain Province[68] Wao, Lanao del Sur[68]

In art[edit]

Cubao Landscape, by Fernando Amorsolo, 1924. Novaliches
Novaliches
Landscape, by Fernando Amorsolo, 1925.

See also[edit]

Philippines
Philippines
portal

Capital of the Philippines Marikina
Marikina
City Manila Quezon
Quezon
(province) Manuel L. Quezon SM City North Edsa

References[edit] Citations

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Quezon
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Quezon
City Public Library – Quezonian Newsletter". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 14 September 2015.  ^ "OUR AWESOME PLANET: [Travel] CUBAO EXPO: Secrets of Cubao eXpo". ourawesomeplanet.com. Retrieved 25 July 2014.  ^ "Welcome to TELUS International Philippines
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City. Retrieved 22 August 2016.  ^ "List of Sister City Affiliations with Japan
Japan
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Japan
Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR, Singapore). 29 February 2012. Retrieved 2015-02-04.  ^ "Sister cities, towns and villages of Kyoto Prefecture". Kyoto Prefecture Website. Retrieved 5 February 2015.  ^ " Quezon
Quezon
City, Yangon
Yangon
ink sister city deal". Manila
Manila
Bulletin. Retrieved 7 February 2017.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Roxas City: Quezon
Quezon
City's New Sister City". The Local Government of Quezon
Quezon
City. 19 March 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 

Back to contents Bibliography

Quezon
Quezon
City Government, Milestones in History, 2014. Encyclopædia Britannica – Quezon
Quezon
City Topic

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Quezon
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City Quezon
Quezon
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Quezon
City, the largest city in terms of population History of Quezon
Quezon
City, Philippines Geographic data related to Quezon
Quezon
City at OpenStreetMap

Preceded by Manila Capital of the Philippines 1948–1976 Succeeded by Manila

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Largest cities in the Philippines PSA Census August 2015

Rank Name Region Pop. Rank Name Region Pop.

Quezon
Quezon
City

Manila 1 Quezon
Quezon
City National Capital Region 2,936,116 11 Parañaque National Capital Region 665,822

Davao City

Caloocan

2 Manila National Capital Region 1,780,148 12 Dasmariñas Calabarzon 659,019

3 Davao City Davao Region 1,632,991 13 Valenzuela National Capital Region 620,422

4 Caloocan National Capital Region 1,583,978 14 Bacoor Calabarzon 600,609

5 Cebu
Cebu
City Central Visayas 922,611 15 General Santos Soccsksargen 594,446

6 Zamboanga City Zamboanga Peninsula 861,799 16 Las Piñas National Capital Region 588,894

7 Taguig National Capital Region 804,915 17 Makati National Capital Region 582,602

8 Antipolo Calabarzon 776,386 18 San Jose del Monte Central Luzon 574,089

9 Pasig National Capital Region 755,300 19 Bacolod Western Visayas 561,875

10 Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro Northern Mindanao 675,950 20 Muntinlupa National Capital Region 504,509

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 141909405 LCCN: n82000

.