Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) is a public research university in London, England, and a constituent college of the federal University of London. It dates back to the foundation of London Hospital Medical College in 1785. Queen Mary College, named after Mary of Teck, was admitted to the University of London in 1915 and in 1989 merged with Westfield College to form Queen Mary and Westfield College. In 1995 Queen Mary and Westfield College merged with St Bartholomew's Hospital Medical College and the London Hospital Medical College to form the School of Medicine and Dentistry.
Its main campus is in the Mile End area of Tower Hamlets, with other campuses in Holborn, Smithfield and Whitechapel. In 2015/16 it had 17,140 students and 4,000 staff. Queen Mary is organised into three faculties – the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, the Faculty of Science and Engineering and Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry – within which there are 21 academic departments and institutes.
Queen Mary is a member of the Russell Group of leading British research universities, the Association of Commonwealth Universities and Universities UK. Queen Mary is a major centre for medical teaching and research and is part of UCL Partners, the world's largest academic health science centre. It has a strategic partnership with the University of Warwick, including research collaboration and joint teaching of English, history and computer science undergraduates. Queen Mary also collaborated with Royal Holloway, University of London, to run programmes at the University of London Institute in Paris. However, from September 2016, Queen Mary took over the functions provided by Royal Holloway. Queen Mary also collaborates with University of London International Programmes to offer its post graduate law and Global MBA program. For 2016-17, Queen Mary had a turnover of £428.8 million, including £107.6 million from research grants and contracts.
Times Higher Education ranks Queen Mary 48th in its 2018 ranking of European universities. U.S. News and World Report ranks Queen Mary 116th overall in its 2018 ranking of world universities. In Times Higher Education Best universities in the UK 2017, it has been ranked 15th. Queen Mary is ranked in the top 5 universities in London in the Complete University Guide 2017 League Table. Queen Mary School of Law was ranked 34th in the world by QS World University Rankings 2018. Queen Mary's Schools of English and Drama have both been ranked in the top 35 in the world, with the School of History ranking in the global top 50 by QS World University Rankings. There are eight Nobel Laureates amongst Queen Mary's alumni and current and former staff.
The Medical College of the Royal London Hospital (now part of Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry) was England’s first medical school when it opened in 1785. In 1850, Elizabeth Blackwell became the first fully qualified female doctor in the UK, after training at St Bartholomew's Hospital.
The predecessor to Queen Mary College was founded in the mid Victorian era as a People's Palace when growing awareness of conditions in London's East End led to drives to provide facilities for local inhabitants, popularised in the 1882 novel All Sorts of Conditions of Men – An Impossible Story by Walter Besant, which told of how a rich and clever couple from Mayfair went to the East End to build a "Palace of Delight, with concert halls, reading rooms, picture galleries, art and designing schools.":15-17 Although not directly responsible for the conception of the People's Palace, the novel did much to popularise it.
The trustees of the Beaumont Trust, administering funds left by Barber Beaumont, purchased the site of the former Bancroft's School from the Drapers' Company. On 20 May 1885 the Drapers' Court of Assistants resolved to grant £20,000 "for the provision of the technical schools of the People's Palace.":21 The foundation stone was laid on 28 June 1886 and on 14 May 1887 Queen Victoria opened the palace's Queen's Hall as well as laying the foundation stone for the technical schools in the palace's east wing.
The technical schools were opened on 5 October 1888, with the entire palace completed by 1892. However others saw the technical schools as one day becoming a technical university for the East End.:37 In 1892 the Drapers' Company provided £7,000 a year for ten years to guarantee the educational side income.
In 1895 John Leigh Smeathman Hatton, Director of Evening Classes (1892–1896; later Director of Studies 1896–1908 and Principal 1908–1933), proposed introducing a course of study leading to the Bachelor of Science degree of the University of London. By the start of the 20th century the first degrees were awarded and Hatton, along with several other Professors, were recognised as Teachers of the University of London. In 1906 an application for Parliamentary funds "for the aid of Educational Institutions engaged in work of a University nature", led to the College being admitted on an initial three-year trial basis as a School of the University of London on 15 May 1907 as East London College.
Teaching of aeronautical engineering began in 1907 which led to the first UK aeronautical engineering department being established in 1909 which boasted a ground-breaking wind tunnel. Thus creating the oldest Aeronautical Programme in the World.
In 1910 the College's status in the University of London was extended for a further five years, with unlimited membership achieved in May 1915. During this period the organisation of the governors of the People's Palace was rearranged, creating the separate People's Palace Committee and East London College Committee, both under the Palace Governors, as a sign of the growing separation of the two concepts within a single complex.:39–48
During the First World War the College admitted students from the London Hospital Medical College who were preparing for the preliminary medical examination, the first step in a long process that would eventually bring the two institutions together. After the war, the College grew, albeit constrained by the rest of the People's Palace to the west and a burial ground immediately to the east. In 1920 it obtained both the Palace's Rotunda (now the Octagon) and rooms under the winter gardens at the west of the palace, which became chemical laboratories. The College's status was also unique, being the only School of the University of London that was subject to both the Charity Commissioners and the Board of Education.
In April 1929 the College Council decided it would take the steps towards applying to the Privy Council for a Royal Charter, but on the advice of the Drapers' Company first devised a scheme for development and expansion, which recommended amongst other things to reamalgamate the People's Palace and the College, with guaranteed provision of the Queen's Hall for recreational purposes, offering at least freedom of governance if not in space.:49–57
In the early hours of 25 February 1931 a fire destroyed the Queen's Hall, though both the College and the winter gardens escaped. In the coming days discussions on reconstruction led to the proposal that the entire site be transferred to the College which would then apply for a Charter alone. The Drapers' Company obtained St Helen's Terrace, a row of six houses neighbouring the site, and in July 1931 it was agreed to give these over to the People's Palace for a new site adjacent to the old, which would now become entirely the domain of the College. Separation was now achieved. The Charter was now pursued, but the Academic Board asked for a name change, feeling that "east London" carried unfortunate associations that would hinder the College and its graduates. With the initial proposed name, "Queen's College", having already been taken by The Queen's College, Oxford and "Victoria College" felt to be unoriginal, "Queen Mary College" was settled on. The Charter of Incorporation was presented on 12 December 1934 by Queen Mary herself.:57–62
During the Second World War the College was evacuated to Cambridge, where it shared with King's College. After the war the College returned to London, facing many of the same problems but with prospects for westward expansion.:75–85 The East End had suffered considerable bomb damage (although the College itself had incurred little) and consequently several areas of land near to the College site now became vacant. New buildings for physics, engineering, biology and chemistry were built on the new sites, whilst the arts took over the space vacated in the original building, now renamed the Queens' Building.
Limited accommodation resulted in the acquisition of further land in South Woodford (now directly connected to Mile End tube station by means of the Central line's eastward extension), upon which tower blocks were established. The College also obtained the Co-operative Wholesale Society's clothing factory on the Mile End Road which was converted into a building for the Faculty of Laws (and some other teaching), as well as the former headquarters of Spratt's Patent Ltd (operators of the "largest dog biscuit factory in the world" – see Spratt's Complex) at 41–47 Bow Road, which was converted into a building for the Faculty of Economics founded by Maurice Peston, Baron Peston. Both faculties were physically separated from what was now a campus to the west.:86–102
From the mid-1960s until the mid-1980s the College proposed to link with the London Hospital Medical College and St Bartholomew's Hospital Medical College with a joint facility in Mile End. A further link with both The London and St. Bartholomew's was made in 1974 when an anonymous donor provided for the establishment of a further hall of residence in Woodford, to be divided equally between Queen Mary College students and the two medical colleges.:103–117
At the start of the 1980s changing demographics and finances led to a reorganisation of the University of London. At Queen Mary some subjects, such as Russian and Classics were discontinued, whilst the College became one of five in the University with a concentration of laboratory sciences, including the transfer of science departments from Westfield College, Chelsea College, Queen Elizabeth College and Bedford College.:117–130
In 1989 Queen Mary College (informally known as QMC) merged with Westfield College to form Queen Mary & Westfield College (often abbreviated to QMW). Over subsequent years, activities were concentrated on the Queen Mary site, with the Westfield site eventually sold.
In 1990, the London Hospital was renamed the Royal London Hospital, after marking its 250th year, and a reorganisation of medical education within the University of London resulted in most of the freestanding medical schools being merged with existing large colleges to form multi-faculty institutions. In 1995 the London Hospital Medical College and St Bartholomew's Hospital Medical College merged into Queen Mary & Westfield College to form the entity now named Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry.
In 2000 the college changed its name for general public use to Queen Mary, University of London; in 2013, the college legally changed its name to Queen Mary University of London. The VISTA telescope is a 4-metre class wide-field telescope at the Paranal Observatory in Chile that was conceived and developed by Queen Mary University, costing approximately £36m.
The Blizard Building, home to the Medical School's Institute of Cell and Molecular Science opened at the Whitechapel campus in 2005. The award-winning building was designed by Will Alsop, and is named after William Blizard, an English surgeon and founder of the London Hospital Medical College in 1785.
The year 2006 saw the refurbishment of The Octagon, the original library of the People's Palace dating back to 1888.
In 2007 parts of the School of Law – postgraduate facilities and the Centre for Commercial Law Studies – moved to premises in Lincoln's Inn Fields in central London. The Women at Queen Mary Exhibition was staged in the Octagon, marking 125 years of Westfield College and 120 years of Queen Mary College.
In September 2009, the world's first science education centre located within a working research laboratory opened at the Blizard Institute of Cell and Molecular Science, hoping to inspire children with school tours and interactive games and puzzles.
Queen Mary became one of the few university-level institutions to implement a requirement of the A* grade at A-Level after its introduction in 2010 on some of their most popular courses, such as Engineering, Law, and Medicine.
On 12 March 2012 it was announced that Queen Mary would be joining the Russell Group in August 2012. Later in March, Queen Mary and the University of Warwick announced the creation of a strategic partnership, including research collaboration, joint teaching of English, history and computer science undergraduates, and the creation of eight joint post-doctoral research fellowships.
In January 2013, Queen Mary established the world's first professorial chair in animal replacement science.
From 2014, Queen Mary began awarding its own degrees, rather than those of the University of London.
The main Mile End campus contains the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, the Faculty of Science and Engineering, the Queens' Building/People's Palace/Octagon, the main college library, the student union, Draper's bar and club, several restaurants, a number of halls of residences and a gym. The educational and research sites of the Arts Research Centre, Computer Science, the large Engineering building, G.E. Fogg Building, Francis Bancroft Building, G. O. Jones Building, Joseph Priestley Building, Lock-keeper's Graduate Centre, and the Mathematical Science Building, are all located within the Mile End campus.
The Whitechapel campus encompasses Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, the Whitechapel Medical Library, the award-winning Blizard Institute of Cell and Molecular Science, and the Royal London Hospital.
The West Smithfield campus of Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, the West Smithfield Medical Library, the Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, the John Vane Science Centre, the Heart Centre and St Bartholomew's Hospital are based in Smithfield.
The Malta campus, situated on the island of Gozo, is part of Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry. Students taught at the Malta campus are offered the same curriculum as taught at the Barts medical school in London, for the MBBS Medicine and Medicine Foundation programmes.
The Harold Pinter Drama Studio is the main teaching and performance space of the students and staff of the Department of Drama. On 26 April 2005, Harold Pinter, who was to win the Nobel Prize in Literature later that year, gave a public reading and was interviewed by his official authorised biographer, Michael Billington, in the studio named for Pinter and located as part of the Faculty of Arts (Department of Drama, School of English and Drama) in the Mile End campus, to celebrate its refurbishment.
Queen Mary and Westfield College was established by Act of Parliament and the granting of a Royal charter in 1989, following the merger of Queen Mary College (incorporated by charter in 1934) and Westfield College (incorporated in 1933). The Charter has subsequently been revised three times: in 1995 (as a result of the merger of the College with the Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry); in 2008 (as a result of the Privy Council awarding the College Degree Awarding Powers; and in July 2010 (following a governance review).
There are three faculties and one cross-faculty multidisciplinary initiative:
In the financial year ended 31 July 2011, Queen Mary had a total income (including share of joint ventures) of £297.1 million (2009/10 – £289.82 million) and total expenditure of £295.35 million (2009/10 – £291.56 million). Key sources of income included £100.02 million from funding body grants (2009/10 – £103.97 million), £82.8 million from tuition fees and education contracts (2009/10 – £76.22 million), £73.66 million from research grants and contracts (2009/10 – £68.47 million) and £1.17 million from endowment and investment income (2008/09 – £1.48 million). During the 2010/11 financial year Queen Mary had a capital expenditure of £42.53 million (2009/10 – £45.61 million).
At year end Queen Mary had endowments of £33.59 million (2009/10 – £29.95 million) and total net assets of £300.79 million (2009/10 – £291.38 million).
Queen Mary has around 3,000 staff, who teach and research across a wide range of subjects in the Humanities, Social Sciences and Laws, Medicine and Dentistry and Science and Engineering. Almost 17,000 students study at the 21 academic schools and institutes, with just over 30 percent coming from overseas and represent 130 different countries. Queen Mary awarded over £2 million in studentships to prospective postgraduate students for the 2011/12 academic year.
It was ranked joint 9th in the UK amongst multi-faculty institutions for the quality (GPA) of its research and 20th for its Research Power in the 2014 Research Excellence Framework. In the UK Research Assessment Exercise results published in December 2008, Queen Mary was placed 11th according to an analysis by The Guardian newspaper and 13th according to The Times Higher Education Supplement, out of the 132 institutions submitted for the exercise. The Times Higher commented "the biggest star among the research-intensive institutions was Queen Mary, University of London, which went from 48th in 2001 to 13th in the 2008 Times Higher Education table, up 35 places."
Queen Mary's main library is located on the Mile End campus where most subjects are represented. It also has two medical libraries in Whitechapel and West Smithfield. Usual opening hours are 8 am to midnight. Since September 2017, the Mile End Library has been open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week during term time (including bank holidays).
As members of a college of the University of London, students at Queen Mary have access to Senate House Library, shared by other colleges such as King's College London and University College London, in addition to library access throughout most of the individual University of London colleges, subject to approval at the given University.
Queen Mary offers a joint degree programme with Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, one of China's top engineering universities. This was the first of its kind to be approved by the PRC Ministry of Education: it is taught 50% by each institution; in English; in Beijing; by staff who fly out from Queen Mary to teach its part of the programme; and the students receive two degrees, one from each university. The programmes are in Telecommunications and Management and Ecommerce Engineering and Law. Almost 2,000 students are studying on these programmes in 2009 and the first cohort graduated in the Summer of 2008. The joint programmes have been praised by the UK Quality Assurance Agency; the PRC Ministry of Education; and the UK Institution of Engineering and Technology.
Queen Mary collaborated with Royal Holloway, University of London, to help run programmes at the University of London Institute in Paris (ULIP) which is a central academic body of the University of London located in Paris, France, enabling undergraduate and graduate students to study University of London ratified French Studies degrees in France. From September 2016, Queen Mary took over the functions provided by Royal Holloway and all students are now considered registered students of Queen Mary.
Queen Mary is a founding partner in UCL Partners, an academic health science centre located in London. Queen Mary joined UCL Partners in 2011, bringing the benefit of its expertise in areas such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, trauma, stroke and human genomics, as well as experience of reducing health inequalities. The other founding partners of UCL Partners are: Barts Health NHS Trust, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust, Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust, University College London (UCL) and University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust.
|Offer Rate (%)||81.6||76.9||75.0||74.4||74.3|
|Average Entry Tariff||n/a||n/a||393||404||408|
In terms of average UCAS points of entrants, Queen Mary ranked 32nd in Britain in 2014. The university gives offers of admission to 75.0% of its applicants, the 12th lowest amongst the Russell Group.
According to the 2017 Times and Sunday Times Good University Guide, approximately 12% of Queen Mary's undergraduates come from independent schools. In the 2016-17 academic year, the university had a domicile breakdown of 68:10:22 of UK:EU:non-EU students respectively with a female to male ratio of 54:46.
British Government assessment
|Teaching Excellence Framework||Silver|
Queen Mary ranked 98th in the world in the 2014/15 QS World University Rankings. In 2016, it ranks 123rd. Queen Mary ranked 98th in the world in the 2015/16 Times Higher Education World University Rankings. The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2017 ranks Queen Mary equal 113th in the world, and equal 71st for Arts & humanities. The university was ranked 52nd in the world in the CWTS Leiden Ranking in 2014. Academic Ranking of World Universities ranks Queen Mary between 151–200 in the world. The university ranks 50th in the world in the CWTS Leiden Ranking 2016. The 2017 U.S. News & World Report ranks Queen Mary 128th in the world.
Queen Mary ranks 11th in Europe in the CWTS Leiden Ranking 2016. The university ranks 47th in the U.S. News & World Report Best Global Universities in Europe. Times Higher Education has ranked Queen Mary equal 46th in a ranking of European universities.
Queen Mary ranks 69th in the U.S. News & World Report Best Global Universities for Molecular Biology and Genetics, and 70th in the Best Global Universities for Clinical Medicine. Academic Ranking of World Universities 2016 ranks the university between 76-100 in the Ranking of World Universities in Life and Agriculture Sciences, and in Clinical Medicine and Pharmacy. The 2018 Times Higher Education World University Rankings ranks Queen Mary between 101-125 in the world for Computer Science.
Queen Mary Law School was ranked the 37th best law school in the world by Times Higher Education in 2018.
Queen Mary ranks 8th in the UK in the CWTS Leiden Ranking 2016. Queen Mary ranks 13th in the U.S. News & World Report Best Global Universities in the United Kingdom, and 5th in London. In Times Higher Education Best universities in the UK 2017, it has been ranked 15th.
The Guardian in 2014/2015 ranked Queen Mary the best law school in London, 3rd in the UK. The Guardian ranks Queen Mary in the University league tables 2017 1st for Media & Film Studies, 2nd for Medicine in the UK and 1st in London for Medicine, 3rd in the UK for Dentistry and 1st in London for Dentistry, 9th for History in the UK and 3rd for History in London, 5th for Law in the UK and 3rd in London for Law. The Complete University Guide 2017 ranked Queen Mary 5th best university in London and 3rd in the UK for Dentistry. The Complete University Guide 2018 ranks Queen Mary 5th in London overall; 1st in the UK and London for Dentistry, 1st in London and 4th in the UK for Medicine; 1st in London for Drama, Dance & Cinematics and German, 2nd in London for Aeronautical & Manufacturing Engineering, Linguistics, Materials Technology and Russian & East European Languages, 3rd in London for Accounting & Finance, Communication & Media Studies, Economics and English, 4th in London for Chemistry, Computer Science, Electrical & Electronic Engineering, French, Geography & Environmental Science, History, Iberian Languages, Law, Mechanical Engineering, Physics & Astronomy and Psychology, 5th in London for Biological Sciences, Mathematics and Politics, 7th in London for Business & Management Studies. For Research Quality The Complete University Guide ranks Queen Mary 8th in the UK, and 5th in London.
The NUS-supported National Student Survey of 2011 ranked Materials at Queen Mary 1st in the UK, with Aerospace Engineering ranked 2nd and Mechanical Engineering 5th, with the entire School of Engineering and Materials Sciences ranked 1st in London. Overall, Queen Mary achieved student satisfaction of 88% to rank equal 2nd in London with UCL, and ahead of King's College London, LSE and Imperial College. Queen Mary students ranked the university as the number one university in London for overall satisfaction in the National Student Survey 2015.
Queen Mary students feature in the top 10 in the UK for graduate starting salaries, according to The Times and Sunday Times University League Table 2016.
The Queen Mary Students' Union (QMSU) unites the various clubs and societies of Queen Mary. The union is based at the recently refurbished Students' Hub. The elected representatives within the union are made up of a president and three vice-presidents. The union mascot is a leopard called Mary.
The Students' Union Hub replaces the previous office called the Blomley Centre. It is named after a former President and VP Education, Laura Blomeley, who completed her term in office with terminal cancer. In remembrance of her commitment to QMSU, two key rooms in the new Students' Union Hub have been named after her.
QM and BL sports clubs compete every year in the Merger Cup where many of the sports teams compete against each other. QM claimed the cup in 2010 but lost it in the following year to BL (2011). In 2012, QM claimed a narrow victory over BL, being helped with all five football teams defeating their medical school counterparts. Sporting fixtures include badminton, basketball, football, hockey, netball, rugby, squash, swimming, tennis and rowing.
Many QMUL students are accommodated in the college's own halls of residence or other accommodation; QMUL students are also eligible to apply for places in the University of London intercollegiate halls of residence, such as Connaught Hall.
Most students in college or university accommodation are first-year undergraduates or international students. The majority of second and third-year students and postgraduates find their own accommodation in the private sector.
The College's Westfield Student Village, situated in the north-east corner of the Mile End Campus, has en-suite, self-catering housing for 1,195 students, staff and academic visitors in six contemporary buildings. A shop, laundrette, café bar, 200-seat restaurant and central reception (staffed 24 hours a day), and a communal area situated adjacent to the Regents canal, form part of the Village development. Rooms are arranged in flats and maisonettes housing between four and eleven students.
Undergraduate student housing at Queen Mary includes:
Postgraduate student housing at Queen Mary includes:
Sir Richard Owen, British biologist, comparative anatomist and paleontologist
Sir John Vane, British pharmacologist, awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1982
Mario Vargas Llosa, Peruvian writer, politician, and recipient of the 2010 Nobel Prize in Literature
Notable current and former staff of Queen Mary include:
To date, there have been eight Nobel laureates who were either students or academics at Queen Mary.
|Sir Ronald Ross||Physiology or Medicine||
||For discovering the life-cycle of the malarial parasite Plasmodium|
|Edgar Adrian||Physiology or Medicine||
||For his work on the function of neurons|
|Sir Henry Hallett Dale||Physiology or Medicine||
||For his discoveries relating to the chemical transmission of nerve impulses|
|Sir John Vane||Physiology or Medicine||
||For his work on prostaglandins|
|Sir Joseph Rotblat||Peace||
||For his lifelong devotion to nuclear abolition|
|Sir Peter Mansfield||Physiology or Medicine||
||For his pioneering work on Magnetic Resonance Imaging as a diagnostic technique|
|Sir Charles K. Kao||Physics||
|For his achievements concerning the transmission of light in fibres for optical communication|
|Mario Vargas Llosa||Literature||
||"For his cartography of structures of power and his trenchant images of the individual's resistance, revolt, and defeat"|
To date, Queen Mary has had a total of 22 principals (11 of Westfield College, eight of Queen Mary College, and three since the merger of Queen Mary, Westfield, and Barts).
|Constance Louise Maynard||
|Agnes de Selincourt||
|Anne W Richardson||
|Bertha Surtees Phillpotts||
|John Leigh Smeathman Hatton||
|Sir Frederick Barton Maurice||
|Benjamin Ifor Evans||
|Sir Thomas Percival Creed||
|Sir Harry Melville||
|Sir James Woodham Menter||
|Sir Adrian Smith||
Details: Opening of the extended and refurbished Pinter Studio, to include Harold Pinter in conversation with his biographer Michael Billington. Recital from Harold Pinter. Conversation with Harold Pinter and Michael Billington. 2.00 – 2.15 pm: recital from Harold Pinter. 2.15 – 3.15 pm: HP and MB in conversation. Part of the 'Celebrating Humanities and Social Sciences' week at Queen Mary, 25 to 28 April 2005.
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