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The quarter, short for quarter dollar, is a Canadian coin worth 25 cents or one-fourth of a Canadian dollar. It is a small, circular coin of silver colour. According to the Royal Canadian Mint, the official name for the coin is the 25-cent piece, but in practice it is usually called a "quarter", much like its American counterpart. In French, it is called a caribou or trente sous ("thirty sous", based on the old exchange rate).[1][2] The coin is produced at the Royal Canadian Mint's facility in Winnipeg, Manitoba.

History of composition

Years Mass Diameter/Shape Composition[3]
2000–present 4.40 g 23.88 mm 94.0% steel (AISI 1006 alloy[4]), 3.8% copper, 2.2% nickel plating
1968–1999 5.05 g 23.88 mm 99.9% nickel
1967–1968 5.83 g 23.88 mm 50% silver, 50% copper
1953–1967 5.83 g 23.88 mm 80% silver, 20% copper
1920–1952 5.83 g 23.62 mm 80% silver, 20% copper
1910–1919 5.83 g 23.62 mm 92.5% silver, 7.5% copper
1908–1910 5.81 g 23.62 mm 92.5% silver, 7.5% copper

From 1920 until 1967 the quarter contained 0.15 troy ounces of silver—one quarter as much as the silver dollar (0.60 ozt), one half as much as the 50-cent piece, and ​2 12 times more than the dime.

Commemorative reverses

Ordinarily featuring a caribou,[3] the quarter has the most commonly altered reverse in Canada and is the usual venue for commemorative issues.

In 2004, a quarter was issued in honour of Remembrance Day, featuring a corn poppy on the reverse, a traditional symbol in Canada of that day. This resulted in a bizarre international incident, in which American military contractors unfamiliar with the coin's design believed these coins were outfitted with nanotechnology designed for espionage.[5]

Single commemorative designs

Image Year Theme Artist Mintage Notes
Canada $0.25 1967.jpg 1967 Canada's Centennial Alex Colville 48,855,500 The reverse features a Canada lynx.
Canada $0.25 1973.jpg 1973 100th anniversary of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Paul Cederberg 135,958,589 The reverse depicts a mounted RCMP officer. Obverse features Queen Elizabeth II.
Canada $0.25 2002 canada day.jpg 2002 Canadian Maple Leaf Judith Chartier 30,627,000 1952–2002
Canada $0.25 2004 french settlement.jpg2 12 times more than the dime.

Commemorative reverses

Ordinarily featuring a caribou,[3] the quarter has the most commonly altered reverse in Canada and is the usual venue for commemorative issues.

In 2004, a quarter was issued in honour of Remembrance Day, featuring a corn poppy on the reverse, a traditional symbol in Canada of that day. This resulted in a bizarre international incident, in which American military contractors unfamiliar with the coin's design believed these coins were outfitted with nanotechnology designed for espionage.[5]

Single commemorative designs

Image Year Theme Artist Mintage Notes
Canada $0.25 1967.jpg 1967 Canada's Centennial Alex Colville 48,855,500 The reverse features a Canada lynx.
Canada $0.25 1973.jpg 1973 100th anniversary of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Paul Cederberg 135,958,589 The reverse depicts a mounted RCMP officer. Obverse features Queen Elizabeth II.
Canada $0.25 2002 canada day.jpg 2002 Canadian Maple Leaf Judith Chartier 30,627,000 1952–2002
Canada $0.25 2004 french settlement.jpgcaribou,[3] the quarter has the most commonly altered reverse in Canada and is the usual venue for commemorative issues.

In 2004, a quarter was issued in honour of Remembrance Day, featuring a corn poppy on the reverse, a traditional symbol in Canada of that day. This resulted in a bizarre international incident, in which American military contractors un

In 2004, a quarter was issued in honour of Remembrance Day, featuring a corn poppy on the reverse, a traditional symbol in Canada of that day. This resulted in a bizarre international incident, in which American military contractors unfamiliar with the coin's design believed these coins were outfitted with nanotechnology designed for espionage.[5]

In 1992, to celebrate the 125th anniversary of Confederation, the Mint released twelve commemorative coins, one for each Canadian province and territory at the time. These were the inspiration[12] for the US 50 State Quarters program of 1999–2008. Nunavut, which separated from the Northwest Territories seven years later in 1999, was honoured with a special $2 coin.

Image Province/territory Date of Release Description Artist Mintage
Canada $0.25 1991 alberta.jpg Alberta 1992-06-04 June 4, 1992 The Alberta badlands Mel Heath 12,133,000
Canada $0.25 1992 british columbia.jpg British Columbia 1992-11-09 December 9, 1992 An orca surfacing with the Coast Mountains in the distance Carla Egan 14,001,000
Canada $0.25 1992 manitoba.jpg Manitoba 1992-04-07 April 7, 1992 A Hudson's Bay Company fort Muriel Hope 11,349,000
Canada $0.25 1992 new brunswick.jpg New Brunswick 1992-01-09 January 9, 1992 The Oldfields Covered Bridge Ronald Lambert 12,174,000
Canada $0.25 1992 newfoundland.jpg Newfoundland and Labrador 1992-03-05 March 5, 1992 A fisherman in a dory Christoper Newhook 11,405,000
Canada $0.25 1992 northwest territories.jpg Northwest Territories 1992-02-06 February 6, 1992 An inuksuk Beth McEachen 12,580,000
Canada $0.25 1992 nova scotia.jpg Nova Scotia 1992-09-09 September 9, 1992 The Peggys Point Lighthouse at Peggy's Cove Bruce Wood 13,600,000
Canada $0.25 1992 ontario.jpg Ontario 1992-08-06 August 6, 1992 A windswept tree on the Canadian Shield Greg Salmela 14,263,000
Canada $0.25 1992 prince edward island.jpg Prince Edward Island 1992-07-07 July 7, 1992 The province's distinctive coastline Nigel Roe 13,001,000
Canada $0.25 1992 quebec.jpg Quebec 1992-10-01 October 1, 1992 Sailboats at Percé Rock Romualdas Bukauskas 13,607,000
Canada $0.25 1992 saskatchewan.jpg Saskatchewan 1992-11-05 November 5, 1992 Ears of wheat, grain elevators, and a train of Canadian Wheat Board hopper cars Brian Cobb 14,165,000
Canada $0.25 1992 yukon.jpg Yukon 1992-05-07 May 7, 1992 The Kaskawulsh Glacier Libby Dulac 10,388,000

1999/2000: Millennium quarters

In April 1998, the Mint announced the Millennium Coin Design Contest, a contest open to all Canadians to submit designs for twenty-four millennium quarters, one for each month of 1999 and 2000. The 1999 designs were meant to look back on Canada's past, while the 2000 designs looked to the future. While the 1999 coins were labeled with their month of issue, the 2000 coins were labeled with the relevant theme (see below).

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In April 1998, the Mint announced the Millennium Coin Design Contest, a contest open to all Canadians to submit designs for twenty-four millennium quarters, one for each month of 1999 and 2000. The 1999 designs were meant to look back on Canada's past, while the 2000 designs looked to the future. While the 1999 coins were labeled with their month of issue, the 2000 coins were labeled with the relevant theme (see below).

Image Month Theme Artist Date of Issue Mintage
January 1999 A Country Unfolds Peter Ka-Kin Poon January 5, 1999
Image Month Theme Artist Date of Issue Mintage
January 1999 A Country Unfolds Peter Ka-Kin Poon January 5, 1999 12,238,559
February 1999 Etched in Stone Lonnie Springer February 1, 1999 13,985,195
March 1999 The Log Drive Marjolaine Lavoie 15,157,061
April 1999 Our Northern Heritage Kenojuak Ashevak March 30, 1999 15,214,397
May 1999 The Voyageurs Sergiy Minenok May 3, 1999 14,906,187
June 1999 From Coast to Coast Gordon Ho June 2, 1999 19,821,722
July 1999 A Nation of People Maria H. Sarkany July 1, 1999 16,537,018
August 1999 The Pioneer Spirit Alzira Botelho August 3, 1999 17,621,561
September 1999 Canada Through a Child's Eye Claudia Bertrand August 27, 1999 31,077,650
October 1999 A Tribute to First Nations Jason Edward Read October 4, 1999 31,964,487
November 1999 The Airplane Opens the North Brian R. Bacon 27,437,677
December 1999 This Is Canada J.L. Pierre Provencher 42,927,482
January 2000 Pride

Red colour was added to the two on Maple Leaf

Donald F. Warkentin January 6, 2000 50,749,102
February 2000 Ingenuity John Jaciw February 4, 2000 35,812,988
March 2000 Achievement Daryl Ann Dorosz 35,135,154
April 2000 Health Anny Wassef April 5, 2000 34,663,619
May 2000 Natural Legacy Randy Trantau 36,416,953
June 2000 Harmony Haver Demirer June 1, 2000 34,604,075
July 2000 Celebration

Red colour was added to the flag

Laura Paxton June 29, 2000 34,816,329
August 2000 Family Wade Stephen Baker August 1, 2000 34,320,111
September 2000 Wisdom Cezar Şerbănescu September 6, 2000 33,993,016
October 2000 Creativity Eric (Kong Tat) Hui October 4, 2000 35,102,206
November 2000 Freedom Kathy Vinish November 1, 2000 33,251,352
December 2000 Community Michelle Thibodeau December 4, 2000 34,378,898

2005: Alberta and Saskatchewan Centennials

In 2005, to celebrate the centennials of the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan, two commemorative quarters were issued. The public was given the opportunity to vote on the coin design through two toll-free phone numbers.

There were four candidate designs for the Alberta quarter: Big Sky Country, Alberta's Natural Beauty, A Dynamic Century, and Rocky Mountain Bighorn Sheep. The winning design was Big Sky Country, by Michelle Grant, and depicted an oil derrick with cattle grazing at its base.[13] The coin had a mintage of 20,640,000.[14]

There were three candidate designs for the Saskatchewan quarter: The Western Meadowlark, Canada Geese over Wascana Lake, and The Round Dance Celebration. The winning design was Western Meadowlark, designed by Paulette Sapergia.[15] The coin's mintage was 19,290,000.[14]

Image Province Date of Issue Artist Mintage
Canada $0.25 2005 alberta.jpg Alberta July 19, 2005[16] Michelle Grant 20,640,000
Canada $0.25 2005 saskatchewan.jpg Saskatchewan July 13, 2005[17] Paulette Sapergia 19,290,000

2010 Vancouver Olympics

The Olympic coins do not have the inscription "D.G. Regina" (Latin for "By the Grace of God, Queen") making the coins "godless circulating coins". There has been a couple of circulation strike mule coins in this series, including 2007 Paralympic wheelchair curling and 2009 Olympic Alpine Skiing coins. With the medalist coins now called the Olympic moments coins, a very small percentage will be a colourized version.

Image Date of Issue Sport Artist Mintage
February 23, 2007 Curling Glen Green 22,000,400
April 3, 2007 Ice Hockey Glen Green 22,000,400
July 11, 2007 Wheelchair curling Glen Green 22,000,400
September 12, 2007 Biathlon Glen Green 22,000,400
October 24, 2007 Alpine Skiing Glen Green 22,000,400
February 20, 2008 Snowboarding Glen Green 22,000,400
April 16, 2008 Freestyle Skiing Glen Green 22,000,400
November 18, 2008 Figure Skating Glen Green 22,000,400
2008 Bobsleigh Glen Green 22,400,000
January 15, 2009 Cross Country Skiing Glen Green 44,400,000
March 12, 2009 Speed Skating Glen Green 22,400,000
2009 Sledge hockey Glen Green 22,400,000
September 29, 2009 Men's Ice Hockey J.B. & RCM engravers 20 000 000
September 29, 2009 Men's Ice Hockey (colour) J.B. & RCM engravers 2,800,000
September 29, 2009 Men's Ice Hockey (colour engraved 2)[18] J.B. & RCM engravers 200,000[18]
November 17, 2009 Women's Ice Hockey J.B. & RCM engravers TBA
November 17, 2009 Women's Ice Hockey (colour) J.B. & RCM engravers 3,000,000
January 5, 2010 Cindy Klassen J.B. & RCM engravers 19,000,000[19]
January 5, 2010 Cindy Klassen (colour) J.B. & RCM engravers 3,000,000

2011: Legendary Nature

Image Date of Issue Animal Mintage
January 2011 Wood bison 6,250,000[20]
2005: Alberta and Saskatchewan Centennials

Since 2000, the RCM has been issuing colourized quarters on Canada Day with designs aimed to attract young collectors. As with other collector coins issued by the RCM, the Canada Day series coins are non-circulating legal tender.

Year Theme Artist Mintage Issue Price Special Notes
2000 Millennium coloured coin "Canada Day" Laura Paxton 26,106 $8.95 1st Canada Day Coin.
2001 Canada Day Coloured Coin Silke Ware 96,352 $9.95
2002 Canada Day Coloured Coin Judith Chartier 49,901 $9.95 Version w/o colour was circulated.
2003 Canada Day Coloured Coin Jade Pearen 63,511 $9.95
2004 Canada Day Coloured Coin Cosme Saffioti 44,759 $9.95
2004 Canada Day Multi-Ply Plated Steel Nick Wooster 29,762 $24.95 Part of Canada Day bundle.
2005 Canada Day Coin Stan Witten $9.95
2006 Canada Day Coin (coloured featuring two children holding a Canadian flag) $9.95 Packaged with four Crayola crayons.
2007 Canada Day Coin (coloured featuring RCMP) $9.95 Packaged with tattoos.
2008 Canada Day Coin (coloured featuring a cool moose in shades with his cap on backwards) $9.95 Packaged with tattoos.
2009 Canada Day Coin (coloured featuring caricatures of the circulation-coin animals polar bear, beaver, loon and caribou] all in a schooner) $14.95 Packaged with a postcard and a magnetic frame with character magnets.

Other notable dates

A 1917 quarter featuring King George V
  • The 1906 Small Crown is valued in the thousands of dollars even for very poor conditions.
  • 1936 marked two valuable variations, the Bar and the Dot, both trend for over $1,000 in uncirculated condition.
  • The 1951 Low Relief was predominantly only made available in proof-like sets and have a mintage of around 500.
  • The 1973 Large Bust is among the most desired Canadian Quarter. They sell for around $300 in Proof Like or Specimen condition and can sell in the thousands for high-end circulation strikes.
  • The 1991 quarter had a low mintage, of 459,000
  • The 1992 New Brunswick quarter has several rotated die versions, with the 180-degree rotation selling for between $100 and $200 in uncirculated condition.
  • 1999 featured mule versions of the September and November quarters. These coins do not have the 25 CENTS mark on them, making them legal tender without face value. Either usually sells for over $10 depending on the condition of the coin. The Royal Canadian Mint estimates a combined mintage of 10,000 to 50,000 of the September and November mules.
  • The 2000 Millennium Map mule. Highly sought after by collectors, this is a modern rarity with about 100 known examples, as referenced in population reports of coin certification services (ICCS, CCCS, PCGS, NGC).
  • 2000P Caribou: two examples are known to exist. They fetch $40,000 or more (ICCS has graded both in MS-64: ICCS 2010 Population report). Both are in private collections.
  • 2000P Creativity: two are known to exist. They fetch $15,000 to $20,000 (ICCS has graded one in MS-62 and the other in MS-66: ICCS 2010 Population report).
  • 2000P Community: five are known to exist. They fetch $12,000 to $15,000 (ICCS has graded one in MS-60, two in MS-62, and two in MS-63: ICCS 2010 Population report).

The Tooth Fairy and Friends

Starting in 2011, the mint began selling special sets for newborn babies, birthdays, wedding anniversaries, "Oh Canada" and the Tooth Fairy. The tooth fairy quarters also come packaged separately.[24]

Facts

[citation needed]

  • Th

    Since 2000, the RCM has been issuing colourized quarters on Canada Day with designs aimed to attract young collectors. As with other collector coins issued by the RCM, the Canada Day series coins are non-circulating legal tender.

    Year Theme Artist Mintage Issue Price Special Notes
    2000 Millennium coloured coin "Canada Day" Laura Paxton 26,106 $8.95 1st Canada Day Coin.
    2001 Canada Day Coloured Coin Silke Ware 96,352 $9.95
    2002 Canada Day Coloured Coin Judith Chartier 49,901 $9.95 Version w/o colour was circulated.
    2003 Canada Day Coloured Coin Jade Pearen 63,511 $9.95
    2004 Canada Day Coloured Coin Cosme Saffioti 44,759 $9.95
    2004 Canada Day Multi-Ply Plated Steel Nick Wooster 29,762 $24.95 Part of Canada Day bundle.
    2005 Canada D

    Starting in 2011, the mint began selling special sets for newborn babies, birthdays, wedding anniversaries, "Oh Canada" and the Tooth Fairy. The tooth fairy quarters also come packaged separately.[24]

    Facts

    [citation needed]

    • The first commemorative coins were planned for 1927 to celebrate Canada's 60th anniversary. A contest was held and the winner for the twenty-five-cent coin was J.A.H. MacDonald; however, the Mint decided to not turn the design into coinage.[25]
    • When coinage was changed in 1937, the caribou (currently on the quarter) was originally planned for the five-cent coin, the beaver (nickel) was planned for the ten-cent coin, and the Bluenose (dime) was planned for the twenty-five-cent coin.[25]
    • The lowest mintage of any circulated quarter post-World War II was in 1991; low mintage was attributed to a work stoppage and using up stock in preparation for the release of the commemorative quarters the following year. The total mintage was a mere 459,000 including collector sets and proofs.[26]
    • Canadian quarters were not issued into circulation in 1997 and 1998. In 1997, only 525,257 quarters were produced. In 1998, only 395,617 quarters were produced; even fewer than in 1991. All of them were issued in collector sets or proofs and none were issued into circulation.
    • The caribou on the 25-cent piece dates back to 1936 when a change in the sovereign's image on circulation currency prompted the Canadian government to modify the designs on the reverse side of coins as well. The caribou design was created by Canadian artist Emanuel Hahn, initially used in 1937. It has been temporarily replaced in some years; in 1967 for the Canadian centennial (with a Canada lynx), in 1973 to celebrate the centennial of the North-West Mounted Police, in 1992 for Canada's 125th anniversary, and in 1999 and 2000 by the winning designs of the Millennium coin program.

    References

    1. ^ Corbeij, André (July 17, 2018). ""Quatre trente sous pour une piastre!"" (in French).
    2. ^ "TRENTE-SOUS : Définition de TRENTE-SOUS". www.cnrtl.fr (in French).
    3. ^ a b "A familiar face – the 25-cent coin". Royal Canadian Mint. Archived from the original on April 4, 2020. Retrieved 2020-03-30.[citation needed]

      • The first commemorative coins were planned for 1927 to celebrate Canada's 60th anniversary. A contest was held and the winner for the twenty-five-cent coin was J.A.H. MacDonald; however, the Mint decided to not turn the design in