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The Qaumi Taranah
Qaumi Taranah
(Urdu: قومی ترانہ‬‎, Qaumī Tarānah pronounced [ˈqɔː.mi ˈt̪ə.rɑː.nɑ], lit. “National Anthem”), also known as Pāk Sarzamīn (Urdu: پاک سرزمین‬‎, pronounced [ˈpɑːk ˈsər.zə.miːn], lit. “The Sacred Land”), is the national anthem of Pakistan. Its music was composed by Ahmad G. Chagla in 1949, preceding the lyrics, which were written by Hafeez Jullundhri in 1952. It was officially adopted as Pakistan's national anthem in August 1954[1] and was recorded in the same year by eleven major singers of Pakistan
Pakistan
including Ahmad Rushdi, Kaukab Jahan, Rasheeda Begum, Najam Ara, Naseema Shaheen, Zawar Hussain, Akhtar Abbas, Ghulam Dastagir, Anwar Zaheer and Akhtar Wasi Ali.[2][3]

Contents

1 History 2 Music 3 Lyrics 4 Milestones 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] In early 1948, A. R. Ghani, a Muslim from Transvaal, South Africa, offered two prizes of five thousand rupees each for the poet and composer of a new national anthem for the newly independent state of Pakistan. The prizes were announced through a government press advertisement published in June 1948. In December 1948, the Government of Pakistan
Pakistan
established the National Anthem Committee (NAC) with the task of coming up with the composition and lyrics for the official national anthem of Pakistan. The NAC was initially chaired by the Information Secretary, Sheikh Muhammad Ikram, and its members included several politicians, poets and musicians, including Abdur Rab Nishtar, Ahmad G. Chagla and Hafeez Jullundhri.[citation needed] The NAC encountered early difficulties in finding suitable music and lyrics. When President Sukarno
Sukarno
of Indonesia
Indonesia
became the first foreign head of state to visit Pakistan
Pakistan
on 30 January 1950, there was no Pakistani national anthem to be played. In 1950, the impending state visit of the Shah of Iran added urgency to the matter and resulted in the Government of Pakistan
Pakistan
asking the NAC to submit an anthem without further delay. The NAC Chairman, then Federal Minister for Education, Fazlur Rahman, asked several poets and composers to write lyrics but none of the submitted works were deemed suitable. The NAC also examined several different tunes and eventually selected the one presented by Ahmed G. Chagla and submitted it for formal approval.[4] On 21 August 1949, the Government of Pakistan
Pakistan
adopted Chagla’s tune for the national anthem.[5] The anthem, without lyrics, was performed for the first time for a foreign head of state on the state visit of the Shah of Iran to Pakistan
Pakistan
in Karachi
Karachi
on 1 March 1950 by a Pakistan
Pakistan
Navy band. It was later played for Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan
Liaquat Ali Khan
during his official visit to the United States on 3 May 1950. It was played before the NAC on 10 August 1950.[6] Official recognition to the national anthem, however, was not given until August 1954.[6] The NAC distributed records of the composed tune amongst prominent poets, who responded by writing and submitting several hundred songs for evaluation by the NAC. Eventually, the lyrics written by Hafeez Jullundhri were approved and the new national anthem was broadcast publicly for the first time on Radio Pakistan
Pakistan
on 13 August 1954, sung by Hafeez Jullundhri himself. Official approval was announced by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting on 16 August 1954. The composer, Ahmed G. Chagla, died in 1953, before the new national anthem was officially adopted. In 1955, there was a performance of the national anthem involving 11 major singers of Pakistan, including Ahmad Rushdi, Kaukab Jahan, Rasheeda Begum, Najam Ara, Naseema Shaheen, Zawar Hussain, Akhtar Abbas, Ghulam Dastagir, Anwar Zaheer and Akhtar Wasi Ali.[7] Music[edit] The Qaumi Taranah
Qaumi Taranah
is a melodious and harmonious rendering of a three-stanza composition with a tune based on eastern music but arranged in such a manner that it can be easily played by foreign bands.[citation needed] The music, composed by the Pakistani musician and composer, Ahmad G. Chagla in 1949, reflects his background in both eastern and western music. Twenty-one musical instruments[5] and thirty-eight different tones[5] are used to play the Qaumi Taranah,[8] the duration of which is 80 seconds.[1][5][9] Lyrics[edit] The Urdu
Urdu
lyrics, written by the Pakistani Urdu-language poet, Hafeez Jullundhri in 1952, have commonality with Persian, making them understandable in both languages. No verse in the three stanza lyrics is repeated.[1] The anthem has heavy Persian poetic vocabulary and only uses one exclusively Urdu
Urdu
word 'kā'.[10][11][12][13][14]

Urdu
Urdu
lyrics

كشورِ حسين شاد باد‬ پاک سرزمین شاد باد‬

ارضِ پاکستان!‏‬ تُو نشانِ عزمِ عالی شان‬

مرکزِ یقین شاد باد‬

قوّتِ اُخوّتِ عوام‬ پاک سرزمین کا نظام‬

پائنده تابنده باد!‏‬ قوم، ملک، سلطنت‬

شاد باد منزلِ مراد‬

رہبرِ ترقّی و کمال‬ پرچمِ ستاره و ہلال‬

جانِ استقبال!‏‬ ترجمانِ ماضی، شانِ حال‬

سایۂ خدائے ذوالجلال‬

Transliteration (ALA-LC) Translation[15] (poetical) Translation (literal)

Pāk sarzamīn shād bād Kishwar-i ḥasīn shād bād Tū nishān-i ʿazm-i ʿālī shān Arẓ-i Pākistān! Markaz-i yaqīn shād bād

May the holy land, stay glad; Beautious realm, stay glad. Thou, the sign of high resolve— O Land of Pakistan! Citadel of faith, stay glad.

Blessed be the sacred land, Happy be the bounteous realm. Thou symbol of high resolve, O Land of Pakistan! Blessed be the citadel of faith.

Pāk sarzamīn kā niz̤ām Quwwat-i Ukhuwwat-i ʿawām Qaum, mulk, salt̤anat Pāyindah tābindah bād! Shād bād manzil-i murād Order of the holy land, Power of fraternity of the populace; The nation, country, and domain; Ever luminous remain! The cherished goal, stay glad. The order of this sacred land, The might of the brotherhood of the people, May the nation, the country, and the state, Shine in glory everlasting! Blessed be the goal of our ambition.

Parcam-i sitārah o-hilāl Rahbar-i taraqqī o-kamāl Tarjumān-i māẓī, shān-i ḥāl Jān-i istiqbāl! Sāyah-yi Khudā-yi Ẕū l-jalāl Flag with the star and crescent, The leader of progress and ascent, Dragoman of past, the pride of present; Soul of the future! Shadow of the God
God
of grandeur.

The flag of the crescent and star, Leads the way to progress and perfection, Interpreter of our past, glory of our present, inspiration for our future! Shade of God, the Glorious and Mighty.

Milestones[edit]

1947 – The new state of Pakistan
Pakistan
came into being on 14 August. 1949 – Music for the Qaumi Taranah
Qaumi Taranah
is composed by the Pakistani musical composer, Ahmad G. Chagla (running time: 80 seconds). 1952 – Verses written by the Pakistani poet, Hafeez Jullundhri, are selected from amongst 723 entries. 1954 – Officially adopted as the national anthem and broadcast for the first time on Radio Pakistan
Pakistan
on 13 August 1955 – Sung by 11 famous Pakistani singers including Ahmad Rushdi, Shamim Bano, Kokab Jehan, Rasheeda Begum, Najam Ara, Naseema Shaheen, Zwar Hussain, Akhtar Abbas, Ghulam Dastgir, Anwar Zaheer and Akhtar Wassi 1996 – Rendered in electric guitar for the first time by Pakistani rock band Junoon in their album Inquilaab 2009 – Rendered as an acoustic instrumental for the first time by Pakistani musician Jehangir Aziz Hayat 2011 – On 14 August, 5,857 people gathered in a stadium in Karachi to sing the Qaumi Taranah
Qaumi Taranah
and set a new world record for most people gathered to sing a national anthem simultaneously.[16] 2012 – On 20 October, 42,813 people gathered in a stadium in Lahore to sing the Qaumi Taranah
Qaumi Taranah
and set a new world record for most people gathered to sing a national anthem simultaneously, which was certified by Guinness World Records.[17] The record was subsequently broken on 26 March 2014 in Bangladesh.[18] 2017 – The Coke Studio released a collaborative rendition of Qaumi Taranah on 4 August by the featured artistes, to celebrate the 70 years of Pakistan
Pakistan
in the tenth season.[19][20] 2017 – An Indian A capella band Voxchord sent an independence gift to the people of Pakistan
Pakistan
by singing Pakistan's national anthem. It was indeed a surprise for the people of Pakistan. The video was shared by 'Voice of Ram' – An Indo-Pak peace initiative page on Facebook.[21][22][23][24]

See also[edit]

Pakistan
Pakistan
portal

Tarana-e-Pakistan Dil Dil Pakistan Flag of Pakistan Radio Pakistan State emblem of Pakistan

References[edit]

^ a b c "Information of Pakistan". Infopak.gov.pk. Archived from the original on 2007-10-26. Retrieved 2013-01-31.  ^ "Death Anniversary of Ahmed Rushdi". Duniya News. Retrieved 1 September 2016.  ^ National Anthem.http://anisshakur.tripod.com/id129.html ^ Michael Jamieson Bristow, National-Anthems.org. "Forty National Anthems". Retrieved 2006-04-12.  ^ a b c d Aqeel Abbas Jafari
Aqeel Abbas Jafari
(2010). Pakistan
Pakistan
Chronicle (in Urdu) (1st ed.). 94/1, 26th St., Ph. 6, D.H.A., Karachi, Pakistan: Wirsa Publishers. p. 42. ISBN 9789699454004.  ^ a b "National Anthem". Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of Pakistan. Archived from the original on 2007-10-26. Retrieved 2007-11-29.  ^ Mazhar Iqbal, Mazhar.dk. "Ahmad Rushdi". http://mazhar.dk/film/singers/ahmadrushdi/. Retrieved 2006-04-12. ^ Mazhar Iqbal, Mazhar.dk. "National Anthem of Pakistan". Retrieved 2006-04-12.  ^ Information Ministry, Government of Pakistan. "Basic Facts". Retrieved 2006-04-12.  ^ [1], National Anthem of Pakistan ^ [2], The National Anthem of Pakistan ^ [3], Switch to Urdu
Urdu
from English as official language a hurdle for Pakistan ^ [4], History cannot be falsely written and manufactured ^ [5], Pakistan
Pakistan
Basic Facts ^ Pasha, Muhammad A. English Composition (Part II). Lahore: Command Publications.  ^ " Pakistan
Pakistan
creates new anthem record". The Express Tribune. 2011-08-12. Retrieved 2012-01-01.  ^ " Pakistan
Pakistan
reclaims anthem singing record". The News. Retrieved 2013-01-31.  ^ " Pakistan
Pakistan
Record Broken". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 2014-03-26.  ^ Rafay Mahmood (4 July 2017). "Exclusive: Coke Studio 10's line-up will leave you starstruck". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 4 July 2017.  ^ Coke Studio (4 August 2017). "The National Anthem of Pakistan". Retrieved 4 August 2017 – via YouTube.  ^ "Indian group sings a stirring version of Pakistan's national anthem as Independence Day gift. Watch video". hindustantimes.com/. 2017-08-13. Retrieved 2017-08-15.  ^ "Mash-up combines Pakistan
Pakistan
and India's anthems to make a viral hit". BBC News. 2017-08-14. Retrieved 2017-08-15.  ^ "Indian A capella group sings Pakistan's national anthem on 71st Independence Day". Firstpost. 2017-08-14. Retrieved 2017-08-15.  ^ Staff, Images (2017-08-12). "Indians sing the Pakistani national anthem as a gift for our Independence Day". Images. Retrieved 2017-08-15. 

External links[edit]

This article contains Urdu
Urdu
text. Without proper rendering support, you may see unjoined letters running left to right or other symbols instead of Urdu
Urdu
script.

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons
has media related to: Qaumi Taranah
Qaumi Taranah
(category)

Pak Sar Zameen Shad Bad Lyrics Pakistan: Qaumī Tarānah – Audio of the national anthem of Pakistan, with information and lyrics Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of Pakistan. "National Anthem". Archived from the original on 2007-10-26. Retrieved 2007-12-09.  National Anthem of Pakistan Pakistan
Pakistan
National Songs

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National symbols of Pakistan

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Qaumi Taranah
Qaumi Taranah
(national anthem) State emblem of Pakistan Flag of Pakistan Iman, Ittihad, Nazm
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