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Nickname(s): Oxford of the East, Queen of Deccan creative city[1][2]

Pune

Pune Show map of India

Pune

Pune
Pune
(Maharashtra) Show map of Maharashtra

Coordinates: 18°31′13″N 73°51′24″E / 18.52028°N 73.85667°E / 18.52028; 73.85667Coordinates: 18°31′13″N 73°51′24″E / 18.52028°N 73.85667°E / 18.52028; 73.85667

Country  India

State Maharashtra

District Pune

Government

 • Type Mayor–Council

 • Mayor Mukta Tilak (BJP)[3][4]

 • Municipal Commissioner Mr. Kunal Kumar

 • Member of Parliament Anil Shirole
Anil Shirole
(BJP, Lok Sabha)[5]

Area[6]

 • Metropolis 243.84 km2 (94.15 sq mi)

Area rank 9th

Elevation 560 m (1,840 ft)

Population (2011)[7]

 • Metropolis 3,124,458

 • Rank

9th: India 2nd: Maharashtra

 • Density 13,000/km2 (33,000/sq mi)

 • Metro[8] 5,057,709

 • Metro rank 8th

Demonym(s) Punekar.

Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Postal Index Number 411001 – 411062[9]

Area code(s) +91-20

Vehicle registration

MH-12( Pune
Pune
City) MH-14(Pimpri-Chinchwad) MH-54( Pune district
Pune district
North) MH-55 ( Pune district
Pune district
South)

Official language Marathi

Website

pmc.gov.in/en www.pune.nic.in

Pune
Pune
(Marathi pronunciation: [puɳe] English: /ˈpuːnə/;[10][11][12][13] spelled Poona during British rule) is the second largest city in the Indian state of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
after Mumbai and the seventh most populous city in the country. Situated 560 metres (1,837 feet) above sea level on the Deccan
Deccan
plateau on the right bank of the Mutha river,[14] Pune
Pune
is the administrative headquarters of Pune district
Pune district
and was once the centre of power of the Maratha
Maratha
Empire established by Shivaji. In the 18th century, Pune
Pune
was the political centre of the Indian subcontinent, as the seat of the Peshwas who were the prime ministers of the Maratha
Maratha
Empire.[15] Considered to be the cultural capital of Maharashtra,[16] Pune
Pune
is known as "Oxford of the East" due to the presence of several well-known educational institutions in the city.[17][18] The city has emerged as a major educational hub in recent decades, with nearly half of the total international students in the country studying in Pune.[19] Since the 1950s and 1960s, Pune
Pune
has had a traditional old-economic base as most of the old industries continue to grow. The city is known for its manufacturing and automobile industries, as well as for research institutes of information technology (IT), education, management and training, which attracts students, and professionals from India, South East Asia, the Middle East and Africa. Several colleges in Pune
Pune
have student-exchange programs with colleges in Europe. The game of Badminton
Badminton
was developed in Pune
Pune
and the game's earlier name was Poona.[20][21] Pune
Pune
is one of the fastest growing cities in the Asia-Pacific
Asia-Pacific
region. The ‘Mercer 2017 Quality of Living Rankings’ evaluated living conditions in more than 440 cities around the world and ranked Pune
Pune
at 145, second in India
India
after Hyderabad
Hyderabad
at 144.[22] The same source highlights Pune
Pune
among evolving business centres and nine emerging cities around the world with the citation "Hosts IT and automotive companies".[23] The 2017 Annual Survey of India’s City-Systems (ASICS) report release by Janaagraha Centre for Citizenship and Democracy, adjudged Pune
Pune
as the best governed city amongst 23 major cities across 20 states [24].

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History

2.1 Early and medieval 2.2 Maratha
Maratha
era

2.2.1 Bhosale Jahagir era 2.2.2 Peshwa
Peshwa
rule

2.3 British rule (1818–1947)

2.3.1 Centre of social reform and nationalism

2.4 Pune
Pune
since Indian independence

3 Geography

3.1 Seismology

4 Climate 5 Demographics

5.1 Population 5.2 Religion 5.3 Spirituality

6 Urban structure

6.1 Peths in Pune

7 Economy

7.1 Industry

8 Government and Public Services

8.1 Civic administration 8.2 Utility services

9 Military establishments 10 Transport

10.1 Air 10.2 Rail 10.3 Road Transport 10.4 Bus Service 10.5 Taxi Service 10.6 Personal transport 10.7 Metro

11 Healthcare 12 Education and research

12.1 Basic and special education 12.2 University education 12.3 Research Institutes

13 Culture

13.1 Architecture 13.2 Museums, parks and zoos

14 Media 15 Performing arts 16 Sports

16.1 Cricket 16.2 Football 16.3 Other sports 16.4 Sports institutions

17 International relations 18 Notable people

18.1 Maratha
Maratha
rule 18.2 British era 18.3 Post-independence era

19 See also 20 References 21 External links

Etymology[edit] The oldest reference to the place is found inscribed on a Rashtrakuta Dynasty copper plate dated AD 937, which refers to the town as Punya-Vishaya, meaning Sacred News.[25] By the 13th century, it had come to be known as Punawadi (पुनवडी).[26] History[edit] Main article: History of Pune Early and medieval[edit]

The circular Nandi mandapa at the Pataleshwar
Pataleshwar
cave temple, built during the Rashtrakuta
Rashtrakuta
dynasty.

Copper plates dated 858 AD and 868 AD show that by the 8th century an agricultural settlement known as Punnaka existed where Pune is today. The plates indicate that this region was ruled by the Rashtrakuta
Rashtrakuta
dynasty. The Pataleshwar
Pataleshwar
rock-cut temple complex was built during this era.[27] Pune
Pune
was part of the territory ruled by Seuna Yadavas of Devagiri
Seuna Yadavas of Devagiri
from the 9th century to 1327. In 1595, Maloji Raje Bhosale was granted the jagirdari (Fiefdom) of Pune
Pune
by the Ahmadnagar Sultanate. Pune
Pune
was ruled by the Ahmadnagar Sultanate
Ahmadnagar Sultanate
until it was annexed by the Mughals in the 17th century. Maratha
Maratha
era[edit] Pune
Pune
was part of the Jagir (fiefdom) granted to Maloji Bhosale in 1599 for his services to the Nizamshahi
Nizamshahi
of Ahmadnagar.[28] His grandson, Shivaji, the founder of Maratha
Maratha
confederate, was born in Shivneri
Shivneri
fort not far from Pune. Shivaji
Shivaji
was brought up by his mother in Pune. Pune changed hands several times between the Mughals and the Marathas in the period between 1660 and 1705. When Chhatrapati Shahu
Chhatrapati Shahu
succeeded to the Maratha
Maratha
throne in 1707, he wanted to declare Satara the capital but his chief administrators, the Peshwa
Peshwa
who were the real power behind the throne, decided Pune
Pune
was to be their headquarters. Bhosale Jahagir era[edit] After the destruction of the town in raids by the Adil Shahi dynasty in 1630 AD and again between 1636 AD and 1647 AD, Dadoji Konddeo, the successor to Dhadphale, oversaw the reconstruction of the town. He stabilised the revenue collection and administrative systems of areas around Pune
Pune
and in neighbouring area of the Maval
Maval
region. In addition, he developed effective methods to manage disputes and to enforce law and order.[29] Construction on the Lal Mahal began in 1631 AD. The Lal Mahal was completed in 1640 AD.[25] Jijabai
Jijabai
is said to have commissioned the building of the Kasba Ganapati
Kasba Ganapati
temple. The Ganesha idol consecrated at this temple has been regarded as the presiding deity (gramadevata) of the city.[30] During the 27-year-long conflict between the Marathas and the Mughals, the town was occupied by Aurangzeb
Aurangzeb
from 1703 to 1705; during this time, the name of the town was changed to "Muhiyabad".[31] Two years later, once again the Marathas recaptured Sinhagad
Sinhagad
fort and later Pune from the Mughals. Peshwa
Peshwa
rule[edit]

An equestrian statue of Baji Rao I
Baji Rao I
(श्रीमंत बाजीराव पेशवे.) outside the Shaniwar Wada, who is credited with successful expansion of Maratha
Maratha
power in North India (circa 1730 CE)[32][33]

A memorial commemorating the Peshwa, Shrimant Madhavrao I, who (with assistance from Maharaja Mahadaji Shinde) resurrected Maratha
Maratha
power in North India
India
(circa 1770 CE)[34]

In 1720, Baji Rao I
Baji Rao I
was appointed Peshwa
Peshwa
(Prime Minister) of the Maratha Empire
Maratha Empire
by Chhatrapati Shahu.[35] He moved his base from Saswad to Pune
Pune
in 1728 and, in the process, laid the foundation for turning what was a Kasbah
Kasbah
into a large city.,[36][37] Bajirao also started construction of Shaniwar Wada
Shaniwar Wada
on the right bank of the Mutha River
Mutha River
The construction was completed in 1730, ushering in the era of Peshwa control of the city. The patronage of the Maratha
Maratha
Peshwas resulted in great expansion of Pune
Pune
with the construction of around 250 temples and bridges in the city, including the Lakdi Pul and the temples on Parvati
Parvati
Hill.[38] Many of the Maruti, Vithoba, Vishnu, Mahadeo, Rama, Krishna and Ganesh
Ganesh
temples were built during this era. The building of temples led to religion being responsible for about 15% of the city's economy during this period.,[39][40] Bajirao Peshwa
Peshwa
constructed a lake at Katraj
Katraj
on the outskirts of the city and an underground aqueduct to bring water from the lake to Shaniwar Wada.[41] The aqueduct is still operational. Pune
Pune
prospered as a city during the reign of Nanasaheb Peshwa. He developed Saras Baug, Heera Baug, Parvati Hill
Parvati Hill
and new commercial, trading, and residential localities. Sadashiv Peth, Narayan Peth, Rasta Peth and Nana Peth were developed in this era. The Peshwa's influence in India declined after the defeat of Maratha
Maratha
forces in the Battle of Panipat but Pune
Pune
remained the seat of power. In 1802, Pune
Pune
was captured by Yashwantrao Holkar
Yashwantrao Holkar
in the Battle of Pune, directly precipitating the Second Anglo- Maratha
Maratha
War of 1803–1805. The Peshwa
Peshwa
rule ended with the defeat of Peshwa
Peshwa
Bajirao II
Bajirao II
by the British East India
India
Company in 1818. British rule (1818–1947)[edit]

The then Poona district 1896

Government House of the British authority to Gunesh Khind at Poona in India, seen from the east, around 1875. Leiden University Library, Royal Netherlands Institute of Southeast Asian and Caribbean Studies.

Fergusson College, founded in 1885 during the British Raj, the first privately governed college in India.[42]

The Third Anglo- Maratha
Maratha
War broke out between the Marathas and the British East India
India
Company in 1817. The Peshwas were defeated at the Battle of Khadki
Battle of Khadki
(then spelled Kirkee) on 5 November near Pune
Pune
and the city was seized by the British. It was placed under the administration of the Bombay Presidency
Bombay Presidency
and the British built a large military cantonment to the east of the city (now used by the Indian Army). The city was known as Poona during British rule. The Poona Municipality was established in 1858. A railway line from Bombay to the city opened in 1858, run by the Great Indian Peninsula Railway (GIPR).[43][44] Navi Peth, Ganj Peth (now renamed Mahatma Phule Peth) were developed during the British Raj. Centre of social reform and nationalism[edit] Pune
Pune
was prominently associated with the struggle for Indian independence. In the period between 1875 and 1910, the city was a major centre of agitation led by Gopal Krishna Gokhale
Gopal Krishna Gokhale
and Bal Gangadhar Tilak. The city was also a centre for social reform led by Mahatma Jyotirao Phule, feminist Tarabai Shinde, Dhondo Keshav Karve and Pandita Ramabai. They demanded the abolition of caste prejudice, equal rights for women, harmony between the Hindu and Muslim communities, and better schools for the poor.[45] Mohandas Gandhi
Mohandas Gandhi
was imprisoned at Yerwada Central Jail
Yerwada Central Jail
several times and placed under house arrest at the Aga Khan Palace
Aga Khan Palace
in 1942–44, where both his wife and aide Mahadev Desai
Mahadev Desai
died. Pune
Pune
since Indian independence[edit] After Indian independence in 1947 from Britain, Pune
Pune
saw a lot of development, such as the establishment of the National Defence Academy at Khadakwasla
Khadakwasla
and the National Chemical Laboratory
National Chemical Laboratory
at Pashan. Pune serves as the headquarters of the Southern Command of the Indian Army.[46] Industrial development started in the 1950s and '60s in Hadapsar, Bhosari, Pimpri
Pimpri
and Parvati.[47] Telco (now Tata Motors) started operations in 1961, which gave a huge boost to the automobile sector. In 1990, Pune
Pune
began to attract foreign capital, particularly in the information technology and engineering industries. New businesses like floriculture, food processing, and wineries started to take root in and around the city. In 1998, work on the six-lane Mumbai-Pune expressway began, and was completed in 2001.[48] IT Parks were established in Aundh, Hinjawadi
Hinjawadi
and Wagholi. In 2008, the Commonwealth Youth Games took place in Pune, which encouraged additional development in the northwest region of the city.[49] On 13 February 2010, a bomb exploded at the German Bakery
German Bakery
in the upmarket Koregaon Park
Koregaon Park
neighbourhood on the east side of Pune, killing 17 and injuring 60.[50] The explosion is now suspected to be an IED using an ammonium nitrate fuel oil mix.[51] The blast was a first in what was until then the relatively safe environment of Pune.[52] Geography[edit]

Aerial view of Pune
Pune
near its airport

Pune
Pune
is at a height of 560 m (1,840 ft) above sea level on the western margin of the Deccan
Deccan
plateau. It is on the leeward side of the Sahyadri
Sahyadri
mountain ranges, which forms a barrier from the Arabian Sea. It is a hilly city, with its highest hill, Vetal Hill, rising to 800 m (2,600 ft) above sea level. Just outside the city, the Sinhagad
Sinhagad
fort is at an altitude of 1,300 metres (4,300 feet). It lies between 18° 32" North latitude and 73° 51" East longitude. Pune
Pune
is 1,173 kilometres (729 mi) south of Delhi, 734 kilometres (456 mi) north of Bangalore, and 149 kilometres (93 mi) south-east of Mumbai
Mumbai
by road. Central Pune
Pune
is at the confluence of the Mula and Mutha Rivers. The Pavana and Indrayani Rivers, tributaries of the Bhima
Bhima
River, traverse the northwestern outskirts of metropolitan Pune. The city's total area is 729 square kilometres (281 square miles). Seismology[edit] Main article: List of earthquakes in India

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Pune
Pune
lies very close to the seismically active zone around Koyna Dam, about 100 km (62 mi) south of the city, and has been rated in Zone 3 (on a scale of 2 to 5, with 5 being the most prone to earthquakes) by the India
India
Meteorological Department. Pune
Pune
has experienced some moderate- and many low-intensity earthquakes in its history. Climate[edit] Pune
Pune
has a hot semi-arid climate (BSh) bordering with tropical wet and dry (Aw) with average temperatures ranging between 19 to 33 °C (66 to 91 °F). Pune
Pune
experiences three seasons: summer, monsoon, and winter. Typical summer months are from mid-March to June often extending until 15 June, with maximum temperatures sometimes reaching 42 °C (108 °F). The warmest month in Pune
Pune
is May; although summer doesn't end until mid-June. The city often receives heavy dusty winds in May (and humidity remains high). Even during the hottest months, the nights are usually cool due to Pune's high altitude. The highest temperature ever recorded was 43.3 °C (109.9 °F) on 30 April 1897.[53] The monsoon lasts from June to October, with moderate rainfall and temperatures ranging from 22 to 28 °C (72 to 82 °F). Most of the 722 mm (28.43 in) of annual rainfall in the city falls between June and September, and July is the wettest month of the year. Hailstorms are not unheard of in this region. The daytime temperature hovers around 26 °C (79 °F) while night temperature is below 9 °C (48 °F) for most of December and January, often dropping to 5 to 6 °C (41 to 43 °F). The lowest temperature ever recorded was 1.7 °C (35 °F) on 17 January 1935.[54]

Climate data for Pune

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 35.3 (95.5) 38.9 (102) 42.8 (109) 43.3 (109.9) 43.3 (109.9) 41.7 (107.1) 36.0 (96.8) 35.0 (95) 36.1 (97) 37.8 (100) 36.1 (97) 35.0 (95) 43.3 (109.9)

Average high °C (°F) 30.3 (86.5) 32.8 (91) 36.0 (96.8) 38.1 (100.6) 37.2 (99) 32.1 (89.8) 28.3 (82.9) 27.5 (81.5) 29.3 (84.7) 31.8 (89.2) 30.5 (86.9) 29.6 (85.3) 32.0 (89.6)

Daily mean °C (°F) 20.5 (68.9) 22.0 (71.6) 25.6 (78.1) 28.8 (83.8) 29.7 (85.5) 27.4 (81.3) 25.3 (77.5) 24.5 (76.1) 25.1 (77.2) 25.0 (77) 22.3 (72.1) 20.2 (68.4) 24.7 (76.46)

Average low °C (°F) 11.4 (52.5) 12.7 (54.9) 16.5 (61.7) 20.7 (69.3) 22.5 (72.5) 22.9 (73.2) 22.0 (71.6) 21.4 (70.5) 20.7 (69.3) 18.8 (65.8) 14.7 (58.5) 12.0 (53.6) 18.0 (64.4)

Record low °C (°F) 1.7 (35.1) 3.9 (39) 7.2 (45) 10.6 (51.1) 13.8 (56.8) 17.0 (62.6) 18.9 (66) 17.2 (63) 13.2 (55.8) 9.4 (48.9) 4.6 (40.3) 3.3 (37.9) 1.7 (35.1)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 0 (0) 0.5 (0.02) 5.3 (0.209) 16.6 (0.654) 40.6 (1.598) 116.1 (4.571) 187.2 (7.37) 122.3 (4.815) 120.1 (4.728) 77.9 (3.067) 30.2 (1.189) 4.8 (0.189) 721.7 (28.413)

Average precipitation days 0.0 0.1 0.6 1.1 2.8 7.5 12.8 10.6 7.4 4.6 2.0 0.4 49.9

Average relative humidity (%) 56 46 36 36 48 70 79 82 78 64 58 58 59.3

Mean monthly sunshine hours 291.4 282.8 300.7 303.0 316.2 186.0 120.9 111.6 177.0 248.0 270.0 288.3 2,895.9

Source #1: Temperature and Precipitation: IMD (1951–1980)[55][56]

Source #2: Sun hours and Humidity: NOAA (1971–1990)[57]

Demographics[edit] Population[edit]

Pune
Pune
population 

Census Pop.

1901 153,320

1951 488,419

1971 856,105

1981 1,203,351

40.6%

1991 1,566,651

30.2%

2001 2,540,069

62.1%

2011 3,124,458

23.0%

Source: Census of India

The population of the Pune
Pune
city is 3,124,458 and Pune
Pune
Urban Agglomeration ( Pune
Pune
Metropolitan Area) is 5,057,709 as of the 2011 census[update].[58] The same was about 4,485,000 in 2005. The migrating population rose from 43,900 in 2001 to 88,200 in 2005.[59] The estimated population in 2016 for the Pune
Pune
metro region is 6,226,959. According to the Pune
Pune
Municipal Corporation, 40% of the population lived in slums in 2001.[60] The sharp increase in censorial decade of 1991–2001 can be attributed to the absorption of 38 fringe villages into the city.[61] The average literacy rate of Pune
Pune
was 86.15 in 2011 compared to 80.45 in 2001.[62][63] Marathi is the official and most widely spoken language, while English, Hindi
Hindi
and Kannada are understood by a significant part of the population. Since Pune
Pune
is a major industrial metropolis, it has attracted migrants from all parts of India
India
to come and settle here. The top five areas of migration are Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, and Rajasthan. The Sindhis in the city are mostly refugees and their descendants, who came to the area after the partition of India
India
in 1947.[64] They settled in Pimpri
Pimpri
area initially and are still present there in large numbers, however they are also present in the rest of the city.[65] As the agriculture has dwindled in recent decades, immigration from erstwhile tribal peoples now accounts for seventy percent of population growth and education syllabi have not adjusted in accordance with other industrialised regions.[66][67] Religion[edit]

Chaturshringi Temple

Dagadusheth Halwai Ganapati temple

Hinduism
Hinduism
is the dominant religion in Pune. Major communities by religion include Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists, Christians and Zoroashtrians. Many Temples, Churches, Mosque, Gurudwaras, Buddhist
Buddhist
Viharas, Jewish synagogues, Jain temples, Zoroashtrian Fire Temples and other religious buildings are found throughout the city.[68] Islam is the second largest religion in Pune.[69] Pune
Pune
has a large number of Mosques, the most prominent of which are Chand Tara Masjid, Jaama Masjid, and Azam Campus Masjid. Chand Tara Masjid, located in Nana Peth, is one of the biggest and most important mosques in Pune
Pune
as it is the city headquarters (markaz) for the Tablighi Jamaat. The Eid-gah Maidan located near Golibar Maidan on Shankar Sheth Road witnesses a large gathering of people for Eid namaz on Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
and Eid al-Adha. Pune
Pune
has over 20 Gurdwaras. Gurdwara Guru Nanak Darbar, Camp and Gurdwara Shri Guru Singh Sabha, Ganesh
Ganesh
Peth being the ones situated in the heart of the city. Sikhism is one of the major religions of Pune and Sikhs have become an integral part of the society. In the past a Sikh
Sikh
has been elected mayor of Pune. The community also runs 2 schools. The Sikh
Sikh
community in Pune
Pune
celebrates Gurpurabs with a lot of enthusiasm. They also organise Kirtan Darbars yearly which are attended by many important religious figures of the Sikh
Sikh
community as well as other communities. They serve Langar to all irrespective of the caste, creed or race of a person. Other important religious places of other religions in Pune
Pune
are the Ohel David Synagogue, St. Patrick's Cathedral, St. Anthony Shrine, Dapodi
Dapodi
Church, and the Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy Agiary Agiary, or JJ Agiary, a Zoroastrian temple. The Shrutisagar Ashram, located at Phulgaon off the Nagar road, houses the Vedanta Research Centre and a unique temple of Dakshinamurthy, located near the confluence of the Bhima, Bhama, and Indrayani rivers. It was established in 1989 by Swami Swaroopanand Saraswati. Here one can find detailed explanations of śruti and smriti (including the Vedas, Bhagavad Gita, Upanishads
Upanishads
and Puranas) in Marathi and English. As of the 2011 census, the population of Pune
Pune
is as follows.[70]

Religion Total Percentage

Hindu 2,481,627 79.43%

Muslims 344,571 11.03%

Buddhist 123,179 3.94%

Jain 76,441 2.45%

Christian 67,808 2.17%

Sikh 13,558 0.43%

Not Stated 10,906 0.35%

Others 6,368 0.20%

Spirituality[edit]

With 200,000 visitors annually, the Osho International Meditation Resort in Pune
Pune
is one of the largest spiritual centres in the world

Main meditation Dome at Triveni Ashram

The metropolitan Pune
Pune
area has two of the most important pilgrimage centers for Marathi Hindu people.These are the towns of Alandi
Alandi
where the Samadhi of the 13th century sant Dnyaneshwar
Dnyaneshwar
is located and Dehu where 17th century sant Tukaram
Tukaram
lived.The annual Vari
Vari
(foot procession) of the paduka (symbolic sandals) for both these saints in the month of Ashadh (June/July) make a stopover in the city on their way to Pandharpur
Pandharpur
and attracts hundreds of thousand of devotees Pune
Pune
has been associated with several significant recent spiritual teachers. The controversial Guru Osho (formerly self-styled Bhagwan Rajneesh) lived and taught in Pune
Pune
for much of the 1970s and 1980s. The Osho International Meditation Resort, one of the world's largest spiritual centres, is located in the Koregaon Park
Koregaon Park
area. It has visitors from over a hundred countries. Pune
Pune
is also the birthplace of Meher Baba, although his followers usually travel to Meherabad
Meherabad
to visit his tomb. Hazrat Babajan, identified by Meher Baba
Meher Baba
as one of the five Perfect Masters, lived the final 25 years of her life in Pune. She was an Afghan Muslim noted for her great age and outdoor existence. She established her final residence first under an Azadirachta indica
Azadirachta indica
tree near Bukhari Shah's mosque in Rasta Peth and later under another A. indica tree in the then-dilapidated section of Pune
Pune
called Char Bawdi, where she remained for the rest of her life. There is a shrine erected in her honour in Pune, around the tree under which she made her final home.[71][better source needed] Pune
Pune
is also home to the temples of some other saints who had a large inter-religious following. The Shankar Maharaj Math on Satara road is the place where the great spiritual master 'Shri Shankar Maharaj' rests.[72] The Jangli Maharaj Mandir is the final resting place of Jangli Maharaj. The Mali Maharaj Mandir in Somwar Peth is a very important place of worship of the Nath Pai Sect of Hinduism. The Ramkrishna Mission Ashram at the start of Sinhgad Road is famous for its teachings of Vedanta. The ISKCON temple in the Camp area and the Hare Rama
Rama
Hare Krishna Mission in the Model Colony Area. There is a significant Sikh
Sikh
population in Pune. There are a number of Gurudwaras
Gurudwaras
( Sikh
Sikh
Temples) for Sikhs. Gurudwaras
Gurudwaras
in Camp, Kharki, Aundh, Pimpri, Akrudi, and Budhwar Peth are the prominent ones. The Camp Gurudwara is one of the main gurudwaras, with hundreds of people visiting it every day. It is named as "Guru Nanak Darbar" and some people also call it "Hollywood Gurudwara". This complex includes a charitable hospital, community kitchen for Langar and Sarai for refugees.[73] Urban structure[edit] See also: Neighborhoods of Pune

A crowded street in Pune
Pune
in 2004

The new Pune
Pune
suburb of Baner

The modern city of Pune
Pune
has many distinct neighbourhoods.These includes the numerous peths of the old city on the East bank of the Mutha river,the British built cantonment areas of Khadki
Khadki
and Pune, old suburbs such as Deccan
Deccan
Gymkhana and the newer ones such as Kothrud
Kothrud
on the west bank of the Mutha river. The Pune
Pune
metropolitan area was defined in 1967. It includes Pune, the three cantonment areas,and villages then on the fringe.Industrial developments started in the 1950s in the outlining areas of the city such as Hadapsar
Hadapsar
in the east, and Bhosari, and Pimpri
Pimpri
in the west respectively.[47] The industrial growth in the Pimpri
Pimpri
Chinchwad
Chinchwad
and Bhosari
Bhosari
areas allowed these areas to incorporate as the separate city of Pimpri-Chinchwad.[74][75] Many other villages on the fringe have been absorbed by the cities of Pune and Pimpri-Chinchwad
Pimpri-Chinchwad
in recent decades.Some of the villages included in the metropolitan area have now grown into fully fledged suburbs such as Kothrud, Katraj, Hadapsar, Hinjawadi,Aundh and Baner[76] The Panshet
Panshet
Dam flood of 1961 damaged or destroyed a lot of old housing close to the river bank in the Narayan, Shanwar and Kasba peth areas of the city.However,the traditional houses in the city center, the ‘wadas’ and the ‘chawls’ still have significant percentage of population residing in them.[77] The damage caused by the 1961 disaster spurred development of new suburbs and housing complexes in the city such as Maharshinagar, Sahakarnagar, and Lokmanyanagar to the south of the old city and Gokhalenagar to the west of the city.[78] The rapid industrialization since the 1960s has led to huge influx of new people to the city with housing supply not keeping pace with demand and therefore there has been a great increase in slum dwellings.[79] Approximately 36% of the population is living in 486 slum areas.Out of these, 55% of slum households have in-house toilet facilities and 90% have electricity connection.One third of slums are on mixed ownership land. Overall, the living conditions in slums vary considerably, depending on their status (formal/informal) and in how far NGOs, CBOs and government facilities are involved and committed to improving the local living conditions.[77] In the post- Panshet
Panshet
period since early 1960s, new housing has been in the form of bungalows and apartment buildings.However, in the last twenty years, due to heavy demand for housing there is a trend towards knocking down bungalows and converting them into multi-storey apartment buildings under co-operative housing societies.[77] The consequent increase in population density has led to severe pressure on utilities such as water supply.[80] Since the 1990s,a number of integrated townships and gated communities[81] have come into being on the outskirts of the city on former agriculture land such as Magarpatta, Nanded, Amanora, Blue Ridge, Life Republic, and Lavasa. Most of these were built by private developers and also managed privately.Besides housing, they offer business opportunities and access to infrastructure, which (by law) has to be significantly better than in the rest of the city, e.g., with 24/7 provision of electricity and water. The largest and most prestigious of these townships, Magarpatta
Magarpatta
City, was developed by a local farmers’ community and described as ‘self-sustainable ecological habitat.Integrated townships provide essential infrastructure services like schools, health care and recreational facilities.According to PMC,six townships with up to 15,000 housing units already existed in Pune
Pune
in 2012 and 25 more were in the planning process.[77] Peths in Pune[edit] Main article: Peths in Pune Peth is a general term, in the Marathi language, for a locality in the Indian city of Pune. Up to seventeen peths are located in central Pune, and were mostly established during the Maratha
Maratha
empire era under the Peshwa
Peshwa
rule of the city in the 18th century. Seven of them are named after the days of the week in Marathi: traders and craftsmen in a given locality mainly conducted business only on that day of the week. Today the peths form the heart of Pune
Pune
city, and are referred to as the old city, or simply city. They are considered to be the cultural heart of Pune. Economy[edit]

Volkswagen India
India
Plant and offices in Pune

Cognizant's Delivery Centre in Pune

Infosys
Infosys
Pune

As one of the largest cities of India
India
and major centre of learning with several colleges and universities, Pune
Pune
is emerging as a prominent location for IT and manufacturing. Pune
Pune
has the eighth largest metropolitan economy [82] and the sixth highest per capita income in the country.[83] Automotive companies such as Bajaj Auto, Tata Motors, Mahindra & Mahindra, Mercedes Benz, Force Motors
Force Motors
(Firodia-Group), Kinetic Motors, General Motors, Land Rover, Jaguar, Renault, Volkswagen, and Fiat have set up greenfield facilities near Pune, leading The Independent
The Independent
to cite Pune
Pune
as India's "Motor City".[84] The Kirloskar
Kirloskar
Group, was the first to bring industry to Pune
Pune
by setting up Kirloskar
Kirloskar
Oil Engines Ltd. in 1945 at Kirkee in Pune. The Group was originally set up in Kirloskarwadi.[85] Kirloskar
Kirloskar
Brothers Limited (One of India's largest manufacturer and exporter of pumps and the largest infrastructure pumping project contractor in Asia[86][87]), Kirloskar
Kirloskar
Oil Engines (India's largest diesel engine company[88]), Kirloskar
Kirloskar
Pneumatics Co. Ltd., and other Kirloskar companies are based in Pune. The Hinjawadi
Hinjawadi
IT Park (officially called the Rajeev Gandhi IT Park) is a project being started by MIDC to house the IT sector in Pune. When completed, the Hinjawadi
Hinjawadi
IT Park is expected to encompass an area of about 2,800 acres (11 km2). The estimated investment in the project is ₹600 billion (US$9.2 billion).[89] To facilitate economic growth, the government made liberal incentives in its IT and ITES Policy, 2003 and leased properties on MIDC land.[90] The IT sector employs more than 70,000 people. Software giant Microsoft intends to set up a ₹7 billion (US$110 million) project in Hinjawadi.[90]

World Trade Centre in Pune, Maharashtra

Pune
Pune
Food Cluster development project is an initiative funded by the World Bank. It is being implemented with the help of SIDBI, Cluster Craft to facilitate the development of the fruit and vegetable processing industries in and around Pune.[91][92] Pune
Pune
has also emerged as a new startup hub in India
India
with tech startups like Pubmatic, Firstcry.com, Storypick.com, TripHobo,[93] TastyKhana.com (acquired by Foodpanda),[94] Swipe setting up base in Pune.[95] NASSCOM in association with MIDC have started a co-working space for city based startups under its '10,000 startup' initiative at Kharadi
Kharadi
MIDC.[96] It will incubate startup such as Kandawale from OhMyDealer in first batch. The Meetings, Incentives, Conferencing, Exhibitions trade is expected to get a boost once the Pune
Pune
International Exhibition and Convention Centre (PIECC) completes in 2017. The 97-hectare PIECC will boast a seating capacity of 20,000 with a floor area of 13,000 m2 (139,931 sq ft). It will have seven exhibition centres, a convention centre, a golf course, a five-star hotel, a business complex, shopping malls, and residences. The US$115 million project is developed by the Pimpri-Chinchwad
Pimpri-Chinchwad
New Town Development Authority.[97] Nowadays a growing number of automotive dealerships are springing up all over the city. They include luxury car makers like Jaguar Land Rover, Mercedes Benz, BMW, Audi, and motorcycle manufacturers like Kawasaki, KTM, Benelli, Ducati, BMW
BMW
and Harley Davidson. Industry[edit] Serum Institute of India, the world's fifth largest vaccine producer by volume has a manufacturing plant located in Pune.[98] Pune
Pune
is the largest hub in India
India
for German companies.[99] According to the Indo-German Chamber of Commerce, Pune
Pune
has been the single largest hub for German companies for the last 60 years. Over 225 German companies have set up their businesses here.[100] Government and Public Services[edit] Civic administration[edit]

Pune Municipal Corporation
Pune Municipal Corporation
Building

Pune Municipal Corporation
Pune Municipal Corporation
(PMC) (पुणे महानगरपालिका) is the civic body responsible for local government in the city of Pune.It is headed by a Municipal Commissioner, who is an IAS officer appointed by the Government of Maharashtra.The commissioner wields the executive power in the city.The corporation has 162 members.They are elected every five years from 48 multi-member constituencies or wards.,[101][102] Corporation Members or corporators are responsible for overseeing that their constituencies have the basic civic infrastructure in place, and that there is no failure of duty on the part of the authorities.The corporators also elect the Mayor of Pune.The Mayor has a ceremonial role and wields no executive power. The Pune Police
Pune Police
is headed by the Police Commissioner of Pune, an officer of the Indian Police Service. The Pune Police
Pune Police
report to the state ministry. The Pune Municipal Corporation
Pune Municipal Corporation
was ranked 8th out of 21 Cities for best governance & administrative practices in India
India
in 2014. It scored 3.5 on 10 compared to the national average of 3.3.[103] Pune Metropolitan Region Development Authority
Pune Metropolitan Region Development Authority
(PMRDA) formed in 2015 is responsible for the integrated development of the metro region. Currently its jurisdiction extends over 3,500 km2 (1,351 sq mi).[104] Apart from the PMC,four other municipal or cantonment boards are responsible for governing in their respective areas of the Pune metropolitan region:

Pimpri-Chinchwad
Pimpri-Chinchwad
Municipal Corporation (PCMC),[105] responsible for Pimpri-Chinchwad
Pimpri-Chinchwad
and its surroundings Khadki
Khadki
Cantonment Board (KCB),[106] responsible for Khadki Pune Cantonment
Pune Cantonment
Board (PCB),[107] responsible for Pune
Pune
Cantonment Dehu
Dehu
Road Cantonment Board, responsible for the Dehu
Dehu
Road area

Many newly urbanized areas on the fringe of the city such as Baner
Baner
are governed by their own Gram panchayat(rural councils). A plan to establish a single Pune Metropolitan Region Development Authority (PMRDA), consisting of the combined municipal councils, corporations, and other local governments of Pune, Pimpri-Chinchwad, Lonavala, Talegaon Dabhade, Bhor, Shirur, Saswad, the three cantonments and hundred villages near the city, has been in consideration since 1997.[108] This body is the executing authority which would acquire and develop reserve land to improve the infrastructure of the Pune metropolitan area. Utility services[edit] The PMC supplies the city with potable water that is sourced from the Khadakwasla
Khadakwasla
dam.There are five other dams in the area that supply water to the city and the greater metropolitan areas for residential,industrial and agricultural use.[109] The city lacks capacity to treat all the generated sewerage.This leads to the Mutha river
Mutha river
water containing only sewage outside the monsoon months.[110].At present only 655 of the sewage is treated and then discharged into the rivers.[111] PMC is also responsible for collecting solid waste.Around 1600 tons of municipal solid waste is generated in Pune
Pune
on a daily basis, varying from 350 to 750 grams per person per day. The waste consists of 53% organic, compostable material and 47% inorganic material, of which around half is recyclable (e.g., glass, paper, plastic).The unrecovered solid waste is transported to the dumping grounds in Urali devachi.[112] The Maharashtra
Maharashtra
state owned Maharashtra
Maharashtra
State Electricity Distribution Company Limited supplies electricity to the city.The power comes from thermal, hydro, gas and renewable sources such as solar, wind,and sugarcane bagasse. Indian government owned Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited, or BSNL, as well as private enterprises, among them Vodafone, Bharti Airtel, Reliance, Idea Cellular, Aircel, Tata DoCoMo, Tata Teleservices, Virgin Mobile, and MTS India, are the leading telephone and cell phone service providers in the city[113]:25–26:179. Military establishments[edit]

The National War Memorial Southern Command
National War Memorial Southern Command
in Pune
Pune
Cantonment

Pune
Pune
was the largest military camp for the British forces during the Raj era, and the architecture in the Cantonment area is reminiscent of that era. The majority of the old Cantonment land in the city is now occupied by the Indian Army
Indian Army
for housing its garrisons and officers.[114] The Southern Command, a World War II Indian Army formation, has its headquarters in Pune
Pune
cantonment. The city is home to Lohegaon Aerodrome (previously RAF Station Pune), the city's airport and Indian Air Force
Indian Air Force
airfield. Due to its strategic location and close proximity to Mumbai, it houses advanced fighter aircraft of the Indian Air Force
Indian Air Force
such as the Sukhoi-30MKI
Sukhoi-30MKI
multi-role strike fighters. The National Defence Academy (NDA) is an integrated military training centre that provides education up to the graduation level and joint training for cadets of the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force.[115] The NDA estate is spread over 8,028 acres (3,249 ha) of land in Khadakwasla
Khadakwasla
near Pune
Pune
and contains apart from NDA facilities, a mini sanctuary and Peacock Bay, a thumb-shaped inlet into the VIP residential area of the Faculty at the Academy, where the NDA sailing/boating facilities are housed. The lake itself is now known as Khadakvasla Lake, earlier known as Lake Fife in the British era, and is one of the lakes that provide water to Pune
Pune
city.[116] Pune
Pune
hosts the Military Intelligence Training School and Depot which offers diploma courses in Counter Intelligence, Combat Intelligence, Aerial Imagery and Interpretation, and others.[117] Transport[edit] Main article: Transport in Pune Air[edit] Main article: Pune
Pune
International Airport See also: New Pune
Pune
International Airport

Departure Lounge at Pune
Pune
Airport

Pune International Airport
Pune International Airport
is an international Airport at Lohegaon, operated by the Airports Authority of India. It shares its runways with the neighbouring Indian Air Force
Indian Air Force
base.[118] In addition to domestic flights to all major Indian cities, this airport serves international direct flights to Dubai
Dubai
(operated by Air India Express)[119] and to Frankfurt
Frankfurt
(operated by Lufthansa).[120] The Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Industrial Development Corporation is responsible for the design and construction of a New Pune
Pune
International Airport. The area between Chakan and Rajgurunagar, around the villages of Chandus and Shiroli, is being considered as a construction site. If constructed here, it will be at a distance of 40 km (25 mi) from central Pune. With the construction of this new International Airport, Pune
Pune
city will be connected to many important international destinations such as London, New York, Singapore, Hong Kong and Tokyo.[121] Rail[edit] Main article: Pune
Pune
Railway Station

Pune railway station
Pune railway station
– Entrance

See also: Pune
Pune
- Mumbai
Mumbai
- Ahmedabad
Ahmedabad
High-Speed Passenger Corridor and Pune
Pune
Suburban Railway Local trains (EMUs) connect Pune
Pune
to the industrial town of Pimpri-Chinchwad
Pimpri-Chinchwad
and the hill station of Lonavala, while daily express trains connect Pune
Pune
to Mumbai, Hyderabad, Delhi, Jaipur, Nagpur, Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi, Coimbatore, Chennai, Bangalore, Allahabad, Kanpur, Howrah, Jammu Tawi, Darbhanga, Goa, Gwalior, Varanasi, Bhubaneswar, Ranchi, Patna, and Jamshedpur. At Pune, there is a diesel locomotive shed and an electric trip shed.[122] The Pune Railway Station
Pune Railway Station
is administered by the Pune
Pune
Railway Division of the Central Railways.[123] All the railway lines to Pune
Pune
are broad gauge. The city also has a Motive power depot located at Ghorpadi. It is operated for Diesel Locomotives. Road Transport[edit] See also: Old Pune- Mumbai
Mumbai
Highway, Katraj- Dehu
Dehu
Road Bypass, Rainbow BRTS, and New Katraj
Katraj
Tunnel Main article: Roads of Pune

The Mumbai-Pune Expressway
Mumbai-Pune Expressway
India's first Expressway as seen from Khandala

A highway leading into Pune

Pune
Pune
is well-connected to other cities by Indian highways
Indian highways
and state highways. National Highway 4 (NH 4) connects it to Mumbai, Bangalore and Kolhapur. NH 65 to Hyderabad, Suryapet, Vijayawada
Vijayawada
and NH 50 to Nashik. State highways connect it to Ahmednagar, Aurangabad, and Alandi. The Mumbai-Pune Expressway
Mumbai-Pune Expressway
is India's first six-lane high-speed expressway, and it was built in 2002. This expressway has reduced travel time between Pune
Pune
and Mumbai
Mumbai
to almost two hours. A ring road is being planned for the convenience of heavy traffic.[124] On the express highway only four wheelers are allowed, thus only private cars, buses and taxis can travel on this route. Pune
Pune
is served by two intra-city highways: Old Pune- Mumbai
Mumbai
Highway and Katraj- Dehu
Dehu
Road Bypass, a part of National Highway 4. The Nashik City- Pune
Pune
Highway NH 50 will be part of the golden triangle (Nashik-Pune-Mumbai). Bus Service[edit] Public buses within the city and its suburbs are operated by the Pune Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Limited (PMPML). The PMPML operates the Rainbow BRTS
Rainbow BRTS
system, the first of its kind in India, in which dedicated bus lanes were supposed to allow buses to travel quickly through the city. In reality the project has turned out to be a failure, receiving little to no patronage from the local citizenry.[125] Maharashtra
Maharashtra
State Road Transport Corporation runs buses from its main stations in Shivajinagar, Pune
Shivajinagar, Pune
station, and Swargate
Swargate
to all major cities and towns in Maharashtra
Maharashtra
and neighbouring states. Private companies also run buses to major cities throughout India.[126] Taxi Service[edit] The motorized three wheeler Autorickshaw
Autorickshaw
is the most popular form of transport for intermediate public transport in the city. In recent years, since the advent of smart phones, App based services like Ola Cabs & Uber have started playing an important role in providing taxi service in Pune. Personal transport[edit] Previously, Pune
Pune
was known as cycle city of India.However,in the recent decades, motorized two wheelers have started replacing the cycle as a popular mode of transport.[127] Metro[edit] A mass transit system called Pune Metro
Pune Metro
has been proposed for the city.[128] and is being planned in consultation with Delhi
Delhi
Metro Rail Corporation Limited, the corporation which built and operates the Delhi
Delhi
Metro. It will be a combination of elevated and underground sections, with initial routes being planned between Pimpri-Swargate and Vanaz-Ramwadi. Surveying and design work has begun as of June 2017. Healthcare[edit]

B.J. Medical college,the oldest Medical college in Pune.It is associated with Sassoon Hospital

Healthcare in Pune
Pune
metro region, as in other regions of India
India
is provided by private and Public facilities.Primary care is provided by practitioners of Western or the traditional alternative medicine (i.e.Ayurved, Homeopathy
Homeopathy
and Unani
Unani
) respectively.For minor and chronic ailments,people in the region have preference for practitioners of the traditional medicine.[129]. Pune
Pune
and the metropolitan area is served by three government hospitals, Sassoon Hospital, Budhrani and Dr. Ambedkar Hospital.There are also a number of big private hospitals such as Sahyadri, Jahangir Nursing home,Sancheti Hospital, Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital, KEM Hospital, Ruby Hall and Dinanath Mangeshkar Hospital. Education and research[edit] Main article: Education in Pune Pune
Pune
has over a hundred educational institutes and more than nine deemed universities apart from the University of Pune, which is the second largest University in the country (based on total number of colleges),[130] students from all over the world studying at the colleges of the University of Pune. Basic and special education[edit] Main article: Schools in Pune Public schools (known locally as "municipality schools") are run by the Pune
Pune
Municipal Corporation, and are affiliated with the Maharashtra
Maharashtra
State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education. Private schools are run by educational trusts or individuals. Notable schools include Jnana Prabodhini Prashala. Pune
Pune
is the largest centre for Japanese learning in India.[131] Other languages taught in the city include German, which is taught at the Goethe-Institut, and French, which is taught at Alliance Française. University education[edit] Main article: List of colleges and universities in Pune

Savitribai Phule
Savitribai Phule
Pune
Pune
University

Armed Forces Medical College, Pune

Most colleges in Pune
Pune
are affiliated to Savitribai Phule
Savitribai Phule
Pune University (formerly University of Pune), established in 1948. Seven other universities have also been established in the city.[132]

National Chemical Laboratory

The College of Engineering Pune, now an autonomous institute of the government of Maharashtra, founded in 1854, is the third oldest engineering college in Asia. The Deccan
Deccan
Education Society was founded by several local citizens in 1884, including social and political activist Bal Gangadhar Tilak,[133] and was responsible for founding Fergusson College
Fergusson College
in 1885. Symbiosis International University, which operates 33 colleges and institutions in the city, includes colleges such as Symbiosis Institute of Business Management (SIBM, Pune), Symbiosis Institute of Management Studies (SIMS), Symbiosis Centre for Management and Human Resource Development (SCMHRD),Symbiosis Law School (SLS) and Symbiosis Institute of International Business (SIIB) which are ranked among the top management and law institutes in the country,[134][135] and Symbiosis Institute of Computer Studies and Research
Symbiosis Institute of Computer Studies and Research
(SICSR) which is one of the few colleges in India
India
that promotes open source technology. Pune
Pune
is also home to Symbiosis Institute of Technology
Symbiosis Institute of Technology
of the Symbiosis family.[136] ILS Law College, established by the Indian Law Society, is one of the top ten law schools in India.[137] Established medical schools such as the Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC) and Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Medical College train students from all over Maharashtra
Maharashtra
and India
India
and are among the top medical colleges in India. The AFMC consistently ranks among the top five medical colleges in India.[138] The Film and Television Institute of India, one of only three Indian institutions in the global CILECT film school network, is located on Law College Road. The Lalit Kala Kendra is an undergraduate department of Music, Dance and Drama on the Savitribai Phule Pune University
Savitribai Phule Pune University
campus that has been operational since 1987. This department features a combination of Gurukul and formal education systems.[139] Research Institutes[edit] Pune
Pune
is home to some of India's important research institutes. Some of the major research centres are:

Agharkar Research Institute (ARI) Armament Research Development Establishment (ARDE) Army Institute of Technology (AIT) Automotive Research Association of India
India
(ARAI) Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute
Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute
(BORI) Central Water and Power Research Station (CW&PRS) Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC)[140] College of Engineering, Pune
College of Engineering, Pune
(COEP) Defence Research and Development Organisation
Defence Research and Development Organisation
(DRDO) Defence Institute of Advanced Technology
Defence Institute of Advanced Technology
(DIAT)[141] National Defense Academy (NDA) Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics High Energy Materials Research Laboratory (HEMRL) Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune
(IISER, Pune) Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology
Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology
(IITM) – scientists at IITM has made significant achievements in tropical weather[142] Inter-university Centre for Astronomy & Astrophysics (IUCAA) National Centre for Cell Science (NCCS) National Centre for Radio Astrophysics
National Centre for Radio Astrophysics
(NCRA) National Chemical Laboratory
National Chemical Laboratory
(NCL) – one of the leading chemical research establishments in India National Informatics Centre
National Informatics Centre
(NIC) National Institute of Bank Management (NIBM) National Institute of Construction Management and Research
National Institute of Construction Management and Research
(NICMAR) – India's most reputed institute for Construction Management National Institute of Virology (NIV) National School of Leadership
National School of Leadership
(NSL)

Culture[edit] Architecture[edit]

Shinde Chhatri
Shinde Chhatri
in Wanowrie, Pune. Photo taken January 2013.

In addition to its temples, historical attractions in and around Pune include the rock-cut Pataleshwar
Pataleshwar
cave temple, Aga Khan Palace, Shaniwarwada, Lal Mahal, and Sinhagad
Sinhagad
fort. Shinde Chhatri, located at Wanowrie, is a memorial dedicated to the Great Maratha
Maratha
Sardar, Mahadaji Shinde
Mahadaji Shinde
(Scindia) who was instrumental in establishing the Maratha
Maratha
supremacy over North India.[143] The city is also known for its British Raj
British Raj
"bungalow architecture" and the Garden Cities Movement layout of the Cantonment in the early Twentieth Century. Christopher Charles Benninger landmark architectural works surround the city, including the Mahindra United World College of India, the Centre for Development Studies and Activities, the YMCA Retreat at Nilshi and the Samundra Institute of Maritime Studies. Museums, parks and zoos[edit]

Pu. La. Deshpande Garden

Prominent museums in Pune
Pune
include the Raja Dinkar Kelkar Museum, Chhatrapati Shivaji
Shivaji
Maharaj Museum of Indian History, Mahatma Phule Museum, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Museum, Joshi's Museum of Miniature Railway and the Pune
Pune
Tribal Museum. Pune
Pune
also houses Blades of Glory Cricket
Cricket
Museum which is the biggest cricket museum in the world. The College of Military Engineering
College of Military Engineering
has an archive and an equipment museum which has a rail exhibit with a metre-gauge train. Pune
Pune
has public gardens such as the Kamala Nehru Park, Sambhaji Park, Shahu Udyan, Peshwe Park, Saras Baug, Empress Garden, Taljai Hills, and Bund Garden
Bund Garden
Pune. The Pu La Deshpande
Pu La Deshpande
Udyan is a replica of the Korakuen Garden
Korakuen Garden
in Okayama, Japan.[144] The Aga Khan Palace
Aga Khan Palace
was built in 1892 by Sultan Muhammed Shah Aga Khan III in Pune. The Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park is located at Katraj, close to the city.[145] The zoo, earlier located at Peshwe Park, was merged with the reptile park at Katraj
Katraj
in 1999. Besides this, certain spots in Pune
Pune
such as Hanuman Tekdi, Vetal Tekdi, and Taljai forest are popular haunts for nature lovers.

Pune
Pune
City Expansion (Kharadi)

Media[edit] A number of Marathi language
Marathi language
newspapers from the British era continued publishing decades after independence.These included Kesari, Tarun Bharat,Prabhat and Sakal. Sakal
Sakal
under the leadership of Nanasaheb Parulekar maintained a politically neutral stand.[146] It has remained the most popular Marathi daily during Parulekar's stewardship and later since the 1980s under the Pawar family control.[147][148] Kesari is now only published as an online newspaper. Mumbai
Mumbai
based Maharashtra times, Loksatta
Loksatta
and Lokmat
Lokmat
all introduced Pune
Pune
based editions in the last fifteen years.The Mumbai-based popular English newspaper Indian express has a Pune
Pune
edition. Its rival the times of India
India
introduced a tabloid called Pune
Pune
mirror in 2008.Mid day, Daily news and analysis and Sakak times are other local English newspapers The government owned All India
India
radio (AIR) has been broadcasting from Pune
Pune
since 1952.[149] There are many FM service are received in Pune. AIR Doordarshan
Doordarshan
DD Sahyadri
Sahyadri
and Zee Marathi are Marathi language
Marathi language
TV channels received in the city.There are also numerous other TV channels in Hindi, English and other languages received in the city by cable. Performing arts[edit] Both experimental and professional theatre receive extensive patronage from the Marathi community.The Tilak Smarak Ranga Mandir, Bal Gandharva Ranga Mandir, Bharat Natya Mandir, Yashwantrao Chavan Natya Gruha, and Sudarshan Rangmanch are prominent theatres in the city.[150][151][152] Ganesh
Ganesh
Kala Krida Rangamanch is the largest closed theatre in the city, with a seating capacity of 45,000.[153] The Sawai Gandharva
Sawai Gandharva
Sangeet Mahotsav, one of the most prominent and sought-after Indian classical music festivals in India, is held in Pune
Pune
every year in December. It commemorates the life and achievements of Pt. Sawai Gandharva.[154] The concept of Diwāḷī Pahāṭ originated in Pune
Pune
as a music festival on the morning of the festival of Diwali.[155] Sports[edit]

Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Cricket
Cricket
Association Stadium

Main article: Sports in Pune Popular games and sports in Pune
Pune
include athletics, cricket, basketball, badminton, field hockey, football, tennis, kabaddi, paragliding, kho-kho, rowing, and chess. The Pune
Pune
International Marathon
Marathon
is an annual marathon conducted in Pune. The 2008 Commonwealth Youth Games
Commonwealth Youth Games
were held in the city at the Shree Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex in Balewadi.The Chhatrapati Shivaji
Shivaji
Stadium in the mangalwar peth area of the city is the venue for hosting wrestling and other traditional sports. Cricket[edit] Cricket
Cricket
is played between clubs affiliated with the Maharashtra Cricket
Cricket
Association, which maintains a domestic cricket team (the Maharashtra
Maharashtra
cricket team). This team, one of three based in the state of Maharashtra, competes in interstate matches and leagues such as the Ranji Trophy. The Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium used to be the venue for National and One Day International matches until 2012. This stadium is named after the first Prime Minister of Independent India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. An Indian Premier League
Indian Premier League
cricket team based in Pune
Pune
began play in 2011. The team, named Pune
Pune
Warriors India, was bought for ₹17.02 billion or $370 million. It was the most expensive team in the Indian Premier League, and was owned by the Sahara Group. This team was later expelled from the league before the 7th season of the IPL started due to financial issues between Sahara Group
Sahara Group
and IPL.[156] As a home ground for the Pune
Pune
Warriors, the Maharashtra Cricket
Cricket
Association Stadium (with a seating capacity of 37,000) was built in Gahunje on the Mumbai – Pune
Pune
express way and was inaugurated on 1 April 2012. Called the Subrata Roy
Subrata Roy
Sahara Stadium earlier (after the founder of Sahara Group), it was renamed to Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Cricket
Cricket
Association Stadium in 2013. The stadium has since been used by the Maharashtra
Maharashtra
state team and also hosted international cricket – T20s, ODIs, and a Test Match.[157] In Indian Premier League, a new franchise from Pune, Rising Pune Supergiant, played for two seasons, 2016 and 2017. The team is owned by Sanjiv Goenka's RPG Group. Football[edit]

FC Pune
Pune
City

FC Pune City
FC Pune City
is an Indian Super League
Indian Super League
football club in Pune, Maharashtra.which plays in the Indian Super League. The club was formed in 2014 with a philosophy to provide stimulus to the growth and development of football in the state of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
and to participate in the inaugural season of the Indian Super League.The team is owned by Rajesh Wadhawan Group, its promoters Mr. Kapil Wadhawan and Mr. Dheeraj Wadhawan and actor Arjun Kapoor. The philosophy behind the inception of the club was to promote and develop the game of football in the city of Pune
Pune
right from the grassroots levels onwards. FC Pune City
FC Pune City
aims to be the club which players passionately aspire to be a part of and a club to whom fans pledge their loyalties. In 2016, FC Pune City
FC Pune City
became the only professional football club in India
India
to have teams which participated at all levels of professional football; Senior Team (ISL), U-18 Team ( I-League
I-League
U-18), U- 16 Team, U-14 Team and the Women’s Team. Bharat FC
Bharat FC
was a football based in Pune. The club, which played Indian Football League, was founded by Kalyani Group
Kalyani Group
in 2014. DSK Shivajians Football Club is an Indian football club based in Pune, Maharashtra. DSK Shivajians was founded in 1987 and in 2013 they played their first ever national season in the 2013 I-League
I-League
2nd Division, their intention was to place the team in the top tier of Indian football (the I-League). English club Liverpool announced a partnership with DSK Shivajians in India. The partnership is pertinent in the academy setup, with academy players trained by coaches representing Liverpool playing for DSK Shivajians U19. Poona District Football Association (PDFA) is established in year 1972 with motive to create a platform for youths for developing, nurturing and to promote the game at grass root level. PDFA is successful in nurturing and producing many young aspirants. At present there are 4 divisions under the PDFA with the total of about more than 100 teams registered.[158] Other sports[edit] Pune
Pune
has basketball at the Deccan
Deccan
Gymkhana club and at Fergusson College.[159] The city is home to the Pune
Pune
Peshwas, runners-up at the 2015 UBA Pro Basketball League
UBA Pro Basketball League
season.The 2008 Common wealth youth games were also conducted in Pune
Pune
in the Balewadi
Balewadi
stadium. The National Education Foundation organises Enduro3, a cross country adventure race in Pune. It is normally a two- or three-day event with activities like cycling, trekking, river-crossing, and rifle shooting.[160] The city has been host to the 2009 FIVB Men's Junior World Championship. Pune
Pune
Race Course, located in Pune
Pune
Cantonment, was built in 1830 over 118.5 acres (0.480 km2) of land. The land is controlled by the Indian Army. The racing season is from July to October every year. The Royal Western India
India
Turf Club manages the racecourse. The course has two training tracks and two racing surfaces. Major racing events include the Pune
Pune
Derby, RWITC Invitational, Independence Cup, and the Southern Command Cup.[161] Pune
Pune
Skatepark is a skateboarding park built in the Sahakarnagar area, consisting of an eight-foot bowl in a 3,000 square foot flatground. It is the first skatepark in India
India
built by the government with approximately seventy lakhs spent on the project.[162] Names of various sports teams which represent Pune
Pune
in sports leagues across India :

Club Sport League Home Ground Duration

FC Pune
Pune
City Football Indian Super League Shree Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex 2014 –

Maharashtra
Maharashtra
cricket team Cricket Ranji Trophy
Ranji Trophy
and Vijay Hazare Trophy Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Cricket
Cricket
Association Stadium 1934 –

Pune
Pune
Marathas American Football Elite Football League of India Shree Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex 2011 –

Pune
Pune
Marathas Tennis Champions Tennis
Tennis
League Shree Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex 2014 –

Puneri Paltan Kabaddi Star Sports Pro Kabaddi
Kabaddi
League Balewadi
Balewadi
Sports Complex 2014–

Pune
Pune
Peshwas Basketball UBA Pro Basketball
Basketball
League

2015 –

Pune
Pune
Pistons Badminton Indian Badminton
Badminton
League Shree Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex 2013 –

Pune
Pune
Strykers Field Hockey World Series Hockey PCMC Hockey Stadium 2012 –

Rising Pune
Pune
Supergiants Cricket Indian Premier League Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Cricket
Cricket
Association Stadium 2016–2017

Bharat FC Football I-League Shree Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex 2014–2015

DSK Shivajians F.C. Football I-League Shree Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex 2013–2015

Pune
Pune
F.C. Football I-League Shree Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex 2007–2015

Pune
Pune
Warriors India Cricket Indian Premier League Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Cricket
Cricket
Association Stadium 2010–2013

Sports institutions[edit] Further information: Shree Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex Prominent sporting institutions in Pune
Pune
include the Nehru Stadium, the Deccan
Deccan
Gymkhana, the PYC Hindu Gymkhana, The Poona Golf Club, The Poona Cricket
Cricket
Club, and the Shree Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex
Shree Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex
at Balewadi. The Nehru Stadium was the home ground of the Maharashtra Cricket
Cricket
Team, and has hosted many prominent cricket events, including one of the matches in the 1996 Cricket
Cricket
World Cup. Now the home ground of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Cricket
Cricket
Team is the State-of-Art Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Cricket Association Stadium at Gahunje which is also the headquarters of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Cricket
Cricket
Association. The Deccan
Deccan
Gymkhana has hosted Davis Cup matches on several occasions. The facility at Balewadi
Balewadi
hosted the National Games in 1994 as well as the 2008 Commonwealth Youth Games. The Royal Connaught Boat Club
Royal Connaught Boat Club
is one of several boating clubs on the Mula-Mutha river. Prominent sportspersons hailing from Pune
Pune
include cricketer D. B. Deodhar, Chandu Borde, father-son cricketing duo Hemant and Hrishikesh Kanitkar, tennis players Radhika Tulpule, Gaurav Natekar and Nitin Kirtane, and table-tennis player Sujay Ghorpade. Abhijit Kunte, Isar Qureshi, and Pravin Thipsay are chess grandmasters and national champions. Dhanraj Pillay is ex-captain of the Indian national field hockey team. When the Elite Football League of India
India
was introduced in August 2011, Pune
Pune
was noted as one of eight cities to be awarded a team for the inaugural season, although the team's games will be played in Balewadi. All 56 games of EFLI's opening season will be played at the Shree Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex, which will be retrofitted to host the sport. Named the Pune
Pune
Marathas, it will be Pune's first professional American football
American football
franchise.[163][164] International relations[edit]

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See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in India

Twin towns and sister cities

San José, CA, United States
United States
(1992)[165][166] Vacoas-Phoenix, Mauritius[167]

"Informal" relationship

Bremen, Germany[168][169][170]

Notable people[edit] This includes people who had a lifelong association with the place, or made their significant contribution during their residency here.

Maratha
Maratha
rule[edit]

Chhatrapati Shivaji
Shivaji
Maharaj (1627/1630-1680)– spent part of his childhood here in the 1630s and 40s. Jijabai-Wife of Bhosale Jagirdar of Pune, Shahajiraje and mother of Shivaji. Jijabai
Jijabai
raised Shivaji
Shivaji
during 1640s in Pune. Dadoji Konddeo Responsible for the rebuilding and administration of the place in 1640s as the manager of Bhosale family jagir. Peshwa
Peshwa
Bajirao I
Bajirao I
(1700–1740) – responsible for moving the seat of his administration to Pune
Pune
in the 1720s.His notable relations and descendants who dominated Pune
Pune
for the next century include Chimaji Appa, Balaji Bajirao, Raghunathrao, Sadashivrao Bhau, Madhavrao I, Narayanrao, Madhavrao II, and Bajirao II Nana Phadnavis
Nana Phadnavis
(1742–1800), Regent to young Peshwa
Peshwa
Madhavrao II
Madhavrao II
and de Facto ruler of Peshwa
Peshwa
holdings[171]

British era[edit]

Gopal Ganesh
Ganesh
Agarkar (1856 – June 1895). Journalist, educator and social reformer.[172] Gopal Krishna Gokhale
Gopal Krishna Gokhale
(1866–1915)[173] - Early Nationalist leader on the moderate wing of the Congress party.Founder of Servants of India Society. Lokhitwadi (Gopal Hari Deshmukh) (1823-1892)- Social reformer[174] Chapekar brothers
Chapekar brothers
(1873–1899),(1879–1899) – Brothers who assassinated British plague commissioner Walter Rand for his heavy handed approach to plague relief in Pune
Pune
in 1897[175] Gopal Krishna Gokhale
Gopal Krishna Gokhale
(1866-1915) – Kashibai Herlekar (1874-1936)- Social reformer, educationalist and Writer,[176][177] Savitribai Phule
Savitribai Phule
(1831-1897) – social reformer Mahatma Jyotiba Phule
Mahatma Jyotiba Phule
(1827–1890)– social reformer Spike Milligan
Spike Milligan
(1919–2000) – Irish comedian who spent his childhood in the city. Dhondo Keshav Karve(1858–1962) – Social reformer and advocate of women's education.[178] Krushnaji Prabhakar Khadilkar-(25 November 1872 – 26 August 1948) Editor of Kesari and Navakal[179] Pandita Ramabai
Pandita Ramabai
Dongre (1858–1922)[180] – Social reformer and Christian convert Anandibai Joshi
Anandibai Joshi
(1865–1887)[180] – First Maharashtrian and Hindu woman to get a medical degree from a foreign university[181] Narasimha Chintaman Kelkar (1872–1947)[182] – Writer, Journalist, Nationalist leader. Served on the Viceroy's Executive Council (1924–29). Vinayak Damodar Savarkar,[183][184] -(28 May 1883 – 26 February 1966)Freedom fighter, social reformer and Formulator of the Hindutva philosophy.He studied at Ferguson college in Pune. Meher Baba
Meher Baba
(1894–1969) – spiritual leader Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Bal Gangadhar Tilak
(1856–1920) – Indian Nationalist leader Mahadev Govind Ranade (1842–1901)[185] – Judge and Social reformer Vishnushastri Krushnashastri Chiplunkar (1850–1882)[186] -Essayist.Editor of Nibandha Mala, a Marathi journal, Educator.Mentor to Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Bal Gangadhar Tilak
and Gopal Ganesh
Ganesh
Agarkar.Founder of the influential Chitrashala press[187] Pandurang Sadashiv Sane
Pandurang Sadashiv Sane
(24 Dec 1899 - 11 June 1950) - Indian freedom fighter, social reformer, teacher, author and poet in Marathi literature R. G. Bhandarkar
R. G. Bhandarkar
(1837–1925) -Orientalist, and social reformer. One of the founders of Huzurpaga
Huzurpaga
girls' high school.He taught at Deccan college. Vasudev Balwant Phadke
Vasudev Balwant Phadke
(1845–1883)[188] - Educator. Led an armed rebellion against the British[189] Rebecca Reuben - (1889–1957) - Bene Israel
Bene Israel
educationalist - Miss Reuben also taught at the school for three years.[190] Vishnu
Vishnu
Narayan Bhatkhande (1860–1936) - eminent maestro of Hindustani classical music.He was a student at Deccan
Deccan
college.[191] Vishwanath Kashinath Rajwade
Vishwanath Kashinath Rajwade
(1863–1926) – Historian.Founder of Pune-based Bharat Itihas Sanshodhak Mandal[192]

Post-independence era[edit]

Sanjeev Abhyankar
Sanjeev Abhyankar
– Hindustani Classical Singer Mewati Gharana, मराठी हिंदुस्तानी शास्त्रीय गायक (मेवाती घराणे) Anu Aga
Anu Aga
– industrialist Pankaj Advani
Pankaj Advani
– billiards and snooker World Champion Mohan Agashe
Mohan Agashe
(born 1947) – stage and film actor Ajaypal Singh Banga – USA-based corporate executive and political advisor to former US President
US President
Barack Obama Radhika Apte
Radhika Apte
– Bollywood actress Rahul Bajaj
Rahul Bajaj
– industrialist Mukta Barve
Mukta Barve
– Marathi actress Malati Bedekar (née Baltai Khare) – writer in Marathi Parth Bhalerao
Parth Bhalerao
(born 2000) – child actor in Bollywood films Subodh Bhave, Marathi film actor and director Bhaskar Chandavarkar – musician Yeshwant Vishnu
Vishnu
Chandrachud (1920–2008), longest-serving Chief Justice of India.[193] Ashwin Chitale – actor.[194] Pooja Chopra
Pooja Chopra
– Femina Miss Inda, 2009[195] Sonopant (Shankar Vaman) Dandekar (1896–1969), philosopher and educationalist. P. L. Deshpande
P. L. Deshpande
– Marathi author, actor, music composer, singer Muktabai Dixit (1901–1980) – writer in Marathi Narhar Vishnu
Vishnu
Gadgil-(10 January 1896 – 12 January 1966) Congress leader and Member of Nehru's cabinet[196] Rohini Godbole
Rohini Godbole
(1952–) – Particle physicist Nathuram Godse
Nathuram Godse
(1910–1949) Mahatma Gandhi's assassin[197] Eban Hyams (born 1981) – Indian-born Australian professional basketball player P. A. Inamdar – educationalist B. K. S. Iyengar
B. K. S. Iyengar
(1918–2014) – yoga teacher; developed internationally popular Iyengar Yoga Chintaman Vinayak Joshi (1892–1963), Marathi humorist and a researcher in Pali
Pali
literature. Pandit Bhimsen Joshi
Pandit Bhimsen Joshi
(1922–2011) – Hindustani classical vocalist and recipient of Bharat Ratna Prahlad Narhar Joshi (1924–), writer[198] Baba Kalyani
Baba Kalyani
(born 1949) – industrialist Nikhil Kanetkar – badminton player and Olympian Hrishikesh Kanitkar – former cricketer Irawati Karve - (1905–1970) - anthropologist[199] Narendra Karmarkar – mathematician and creator of Karmarkar's algorithm Bal Thackeray
Bal Thackeray
– Shiv sena founder. Born in Pune
Pune
during the British era. Maninder Singh (cricketer) Cyrus Poonawala – industrialist and race-horse breeder Datto Vaman Potdar
Datto Vaman Potdar
(1890–1979) – historian. Deepika Samson
Deepika Samson
– actress Dhanraj Pillay – hockey player Gauhar Khan
Gauhar Khan
(born 1983) – model and actress Ivan Menezes – CEO of Diageo Kamal Ranadive
Kamal Ranadive
(1917–2001) – Biologist specializing in Cancer research Laxmanrao Kirloskar
Kirloskar
(1869–1956) – founder of Kirloskar
Kirloskar
Group Mrunal Kulkarni (1971– ) – actress Nanasaheb Parulekar (1898 – 1973) -Founding editor of the Pune
Pune
based Sakal
Sakal
newspaper Nilu Phule
Nilu Phule
(1931–2009) – film and theatre actor Shriram Lagoo (born 1927) – film and stage actor[200] Pandurang Vasudeo Sukhatme (1911–1997) – statistician, recipient of Padmabhushan
Padmabhushan
award[201] Parth Samthaan
Parth Samthaan
– television actor and Bollywood aspirant Raghunath Mashelkar
Raghunath Mashelkar
– scientist Reema Lagoo
Reema Lagoo
(1958–2017) – stage and rilm actress. Was a student at Huzurpaga
Huzurpaga
high school.[202] Roopesh Kumar
Roopesh Kumar
(1946–1995) – film actor Shirish Pai( 1929–) – writer in Marathi and English Sai Paranjpye (1938–)- broadcaster and film director Shanta Shelke (1922–2002) – Marathi poet Shantanurao Laxmanrao Kirloskar
Kirloskar
(1903–1994) – industrialist Shaiju Mathew
Shaiju Mathew
– author, film maker Shripad Mahadev Mate (1886–1957) – writer and former teacher.[203] Tarabai Modak, (1892 -1973) – advocate of Montessori education. Recipient of Padmabhushan[204] Vinayak Kulkarni, Marathi writer and researcher on Marathi Saint literature Sharad Talwalkar (1918–2001) – film, TV and theatre comedy actor Mangesh Tendulkar - cartoonist[205] Dimple Yadav
Dimple Yadav
– Member of Parliament from Kannauj; wife of Akhilesh Yadav

See also[edit]

Maharashtra
Maharashtra
portal

Culture of Pune Make In Maharashtra New Pune
Pune
International Airport Pune
Pune
Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Limited Neighborhoods of Pune Roads of Pune

Historical

List of Maratha
Maratha
dynasties and states

Geographical

List of twin towns and sister cities in India

Law

2010 Pune
Pune
bombing Joshi-Abhyankar serial murders

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pune.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Pune.

Pune
Pune
– book Official website for Pune
Pune
City and District

Links to related articles

v t e

Pune
Pune
topics

History

Maratha
Maratha
Empire Sinhagad Shaniwar Wada Battle of Khadki Lalmahal Pune
Pune
Terror Attacks

Personalities

Historic

Shivaji Balaji Vishwanath Bajirao Balaji Bajirao Madhavrao Ballal Narayanrao Senapati Bapat Patwardhan royal family Raghunathrao Sawai Madhavrao Baji Rao II Nana Sahib Mahadev Govind Ranade Bal Gangadhar Tilak Chandrashekhar Agashe Gopal Ganesh
Ganesh
Agarkar Chapekar brothers

Art and literature

Pu La Deshpande Babasaheb Purandare Mangesh Tendulkar Pralhad Keshav Atre Sandeep Khare

Music

Bhimsen Joshi Vasantrao Deshpande Rahul Deshpande Saleel Kulkarni Anand Bhate Prabha Atre Sanjeev Abhyankar Hrishikesh Ranade

Civic

Mayor Pune
Pune
Police Pune
Pune
Municipal Corporation Pune Cantonment
Pune Cantonment
Board Pune
Pune
Metropolitan Region

Landmarks

Buildings

Aga Khan Palace Ruby Hall Shaniwar Wada Vishrambaug Wada Balbharti Shinde Chhatri

Temples

Chaturshringi Temple Dagadusheth Halwai Ganapati Temple Pataleshwar Kasba Ganapati Dashabhuja Ganapati Temple, Pune

Museums

Raja Dinkar Kelkar Museum Mahatma Phule Museum Babasaheb Ambedkar Museum Pune
Pune
Tribal Museum National War Museum,Pune Blades of Glory Museum

Parks and zoos

Bund Garden Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park Shunyo Park Saras Baug Shahid Major Pradeep Tathawade Udyan Kamala Nehru Park Pu La Deshpane Udyan Baner- Pashan
Pashan
Biodiversity Park Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park Peshwe Park

Others

Annabhau Sathe Auditorium Babasaheb Ambedkar Sanskruti Bhavan Bal Gandharva Ranga Mandir Balasaheb Thackeray Kalamandir Babasaheb Ambedkar Sanskruti Bhavan Bhimsen Joshi
Bhimsen Joshi
Sabhagruha Tilak Smarak Ranga Mandir Yashwantrao Chavan Natya Gruha

Others

New Katraj
Katraj
Tunnel Katraj
Katraj
Ghat List of hospitals

Economy

Software companies Market Yard Mandai Magarpatta
Magarpatta
City International Convention Centre Tulsi Baug

Transport

Air

Main

New Pune
Pune
International Airport Pune
Pune
Airport

Others

Hadapsar
Hadapsar
Airport NDA Glider Airport

Rail

Service

Pune
Pune
Suburban Railway Ahmedabad
Ahmedabad
- Mumbai
Mumbai
- Pune
Pune
Bullet train

Station

Ghorpuri Ghorpuri Transh Ghorpuri West Hadapsar Khadki Pune Shivajinagar

Depots

Diesel Loco Shed

Road

Bus stations

Pune
Pune
Station Bus Stand Swargate
Swargate
Bus Station Shivajinagar Bus Stand

Other

Mumbai- Pune
Pune
Expressway Old Pune– Mumbai
Mumbai
Highway Maharashtra
Maharashtra
State Road Transport Corporation Ring Road (under construction)

Internal

Rail

Pune
Pune
Metro Pune
Pune
Monorail

Road

Rainbow Bus Rapid Transit System Pune
Pune
Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Limited Shivajinagar Station - Swargate
Swargate
Skywalk

Roads

Katraj- Dehu
Dehu
Road Bypass Karve Road Jangli Maharaj Road Laxmi Road Law College Road Shankar Sheth Road Baner– Pashan
Pashan
Link Road

Culture

Meher Baba Sawai Gandharva
Sawai Gandharva
Music Festival Vasantotsav

Education

Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune College of Engineering National Defence Academy Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute Fergusson College Brihan Maharashtra
Maharashtra
College of Commerce University of Pune Film and Television Institute of India Sinhgad College of Engineering Panditrao Agashe School Chandrashekhar Agashe
Chandrashekhar Agashe
College of Physical Education Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics Stella Maris English School Symbiosis Institute of Business Management Symbiosis Institute of Management Studies Pune
Pune
Institute of Computer Technology National Chemical Laboratory Deccan
Deccan
College Armed Forces Medical College Bharti Vidyapeeth ILS Law College Spicer Adventist University

Sports

Events

Multi-sport

2008 Commonwealth Youth Games

World Championships

2008 BWF World Junior Championships 2009 FIVB Men's Junior World Championship FIBA Asia Under-16 Championship for Women 2009 2011 Rollball World Cup 2013 Asian Athletics Championships

Others

Pune
Pune
Marathon 2009 NECC–ITF Women's Tennis
Tennis
Championships KPIT MSLTA Challenger Royal Indian Open

Teams

American football

Pune
Pune
Marathas

Badminton

Pune
Pune
Pistons

Cricket

Pune
Pune
Warriors India Rising Pune
Pune
Supergiant Maharashtra
Maharashtra
cricket team Sinhagad
Sinhagad
Supremos Veer Marathi

Field hockey

Pune
Pune
Strykers

Football

FC Pune
Pune
City Pune
Pune
FC Chetak FC DSK Shivajians F.C. Deccan
Deccan
XI FC CMS Falcons FC Fatima XI FC Khadki
Khadki
Blues FC

Kabbadi

Puneri Paltan

Tennis

Pune
Pune
Marathas

Venues

Stadiums

CAFVD Sports Stadium Nehru Cricket
Cricket
Ground Rajendrasinhji Stadium Sanas Sports Ciy Shivaji
Shivaji
Stadium Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Cricket
Cricket
Association Stadium Pune
Pune
District Football Association Stadium

Sports City

Shree Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex

Others

Army Sports Institute Police Ground Poona Gymkhana Ground Pune
Pune
Golf Club Pune
Pune
Race course Golibar Maidan Royal Connaught Boat Club Deccan
Deccan
Gymkhana Ground Fergusson College
Fergusson College
Ground Mahesh Bhupathi Tennis
Tennis
Academy Rajendrasinhji Stadium DSK Shivajians Ground Pune
Pune
Club Ground

Geography

Hills and mountains

Vetal Hill Parvati
Parvati
Hill Baner
Baner
Hill

Water bodies

Mula River Mutha River Mula-Mutha River Pavana River Peacock Bay Katraj
Katraj
Lake Pashan
Pashan
Lake Ramnadi

City areas

Central Pune

Somwar Peth Mangalwar Peth Budhwar Peth Guruwar Peth Shukrawar Peth Shaniwar Peth Raviwar Peth Kasba Peth Ganj Peth (Mahatma Phule Peth) Bhavani Peth Ghorpade Peth Ganesh
Ganesh
Peth Sadashiv Peth Narayan Peth Rasta Peth Nana Peth Navi Peth

Inner Pune

Pune Cantonment
Pune Cantonment
(Camp) Yerwada Kalyani Nagar Koregaon Park Kothrud Swargate Shivajinagar Aundh Lohegaon Sopan Baug Deccan
Deccan
Gymkhana

Outer Pune

Khadki Dhankawadi Fatimanagar Vishrantwadi Kharadi Wadgaon Sheri

Pune
Pune
city suburbs

Katraj Balewadi Warje Baner Pashan Bavdhan Hadapsar Manjri Dhayari

v t e

Pune district
Pune district
topics

History

Battles

Maratha
Maratha
empire Battle of Khadki Battle of Koregaon

Forts

Korigad Lal Mahal Lohagad Malhargad Mangalgad Purandar Fort Rajgad Sangram Durg Shaniwarwada Shivneri Sinhagad Tikona Torna Fort Tung Fort Visapur Fort Vishalgad

Terrorism

2010 Pune
Pune
bombing

Geography

Ghats

Bhor
Bhor
Ghat Katraj
Katraj
Ghat Malshej Ghat Naneghat Tamhini Ghat

Rivers

Indrayani River Mula River Mula-Mutha River Mutha River Pavana River

Lakes

Katraj
Katraj
Lake

Dams

Khadakwasla
Khadakwasla
Dam Mulshi Dam Panshet
Panshet
Dam Pavananagar Dam Temghar
Temghar
Dam Varasgaon
Varasgaon
Dam Walwan Dam Chaskaman Dam

Caves

Bedse Caves Bhaja Caves Ghorawadi caves Karla Caves Lenyadri
Lenyadri
Caves Shelarwadi Caves Shirwal Caves Shivneri
Shivneri
Caves Tulja Caves

Monuments

Aga Khan Palace Bhimashankar Temple Chaturshringi Temple Dagadusheth Halwai Ganapati temple Lenyadri Pataleshwar Parvati
Parvati
Temple Raja Dinkar Kelkar Museum Maha Ganapati

Parks

Baner- Pashan
Pashan
Biodiversity Park Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park Saras Baug

Sports venues

Nehru Stadium PCMC Hockey Stadium Shree Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex MCA Stadium

Cities and towns

Major

Pune Pimpri-Chinchwad Daund Baramati

Alandi Bhor Chakan Dehu
Dehu
Road Dehu Dhayari Indapur Jejuri Junnar Kamshet Kanhe Khadki Khandala Koregaon Bhima Kusgaon Budruk Lonavla Malavali Manchar Mangdari Moshi Narayangaon Rajgurunagar
Rajgurunagar
(Khed) Sasvad Shirur Shivatkar (Nira) Talegaon Dabhade Tathavade Vadgaon Sheri Vadgaon Maval Vadgaon Budruk Vadgaon Khurd Velhe Ranjangaon

Transport

By Road

Pune Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Limited
Pune Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Limited
(PMPML) Rainbow Bus Rapid Transit System Mumbai- Pune
Pune
Expressway

By Rail

Rail (City)

Pune
Pune
Suburban Railway

Rail (Major)

Pune
Pune
Junction Daund
Daund
Junction Akurdi railway station Begdewadi railway station Chinchwad
Chinchwad
railway station Dapodi
Dapodi
railway station Dehu
Dehu
Road Railway Station Ghorawadi railway station Kamshet
Kamshet
railway station Kanhe railway station Kasarwadi railway station Khadki
Khadki
railway station Khandala
Khandala
railway station Lonavla
Lonavla
railway station Malavli railway station Pimpri
Pimpri
railway station Shivajinagar railway station Talegaon railway station Vadgaon railway station

Express

Deccan
Deccan
Queen Indrayani Express Sinhagad
Sinhagad
Express

By Air

Pune
Pune
International Airport New Pune
Pune
International Airport

Culture

Chikki Lavani Osho Pune
Pune
International Marathon Puran Poli Royal Connaught Boat Club Sawai Gandharva
Sawai Gandharva
Music Festival 2008 Commonwealth Youth Games

Education

AFMC Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute Bharat Itihas Sanshodhak Mandal College of Engineering Deccan
Deccan
College Fergusson College Film and Television Institute of India Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics National Defence Academy Symbiosis International University University of Pune

Constituencies

Lok Sabha

Pune Baramati Shirur Maval

Vidhan Sabha

Ambegaon Baramati Kasba Peth Kothrud Maval Pune
Pune
Cantonment Shivajinagar Pimpri Chinchwad

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Suburbs of Pune

Inner City Suburbs

Baner Balewadi Pashan Bavdhan Someshwarwadi Sutarwadi Kothrud Warje Vadgaon Budruk Dhayari Hadapsar Mundhwa Manjri Dhanori Kalas Lower Kondhwa Undri Mohammedwadi

Northern Suburbs

Pimpri
Pimpri
and surroundings

Pimpri Pimpri
Pimpri
industrial area Kalewadi Dapodi Morwadi Phugewadi Rahatani Pimprigaon Ambedkar Nagar Sant Tukaram
Tukaram
Nagar

Chinchwad
Chinchwad
and Surroundings

Chinchwad Thergaon Tathawade Shahu Nagar Kalbhor Nagar Mohan Nagar Chinchwadgaon Dalvi Nagar Sambhaji Nagar Bijali Nagar

Sangavi and surroundings

Sangvi Dapodi Pimple Nilakh Pimple Gurav Hinjawadi Nashik
Nashik
Phata Wakad Pimple Saudagar Vallabhnagar Sangvi Kasarwadi

Bhosari
Bhosari
and surroundings

Bhosari Kasarwadi Moshi Dighi Dudulgaon Charholi Budruk

Nigdi
Nigdi
- Akurdi and surroundings

Nigdi Nigdi
Nigdi
Pradhikaran Ravet Sindhu Nagar Ganga Nagar Yamuna Nagar Rupee Nagar Talawade Akurdi Krushna Nagar

Civic

Pune Pune
Pune
Metropolitan Region

Transport

Air

New Pune
Pune
International Airport

Rail

Pune
Pune
Suburban Railway Chinchwad
Chinchwad
railway station Akurdi railway station Pimpri
Pimpri
railway station Dapodi
Dapodi
railway station Kasarwadi railway station

Road

Pimpri-Chinchwad
Pimpri-Chinchwad
Bus Stand Maharashtra
Maharashtra
State Road Transport Corporation

Internal

Pune
Pune
Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Limited Rainbow Bus Rapid Transit System Pune
Pune
Metro

Geography

Hills and Mountains

Durga Tekdi Ghorawadi caves

Water Bodies

Pavana River

Neighboring Villages

Chakan Alandi Dehu Paud Talegaon Dabhade Sus Vadgaon Maval Lonavla Khandala

Military

CME Dehu
Dehu
Road Cantonment NDA, Khadakwasla

Sports

Shree Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex

Landmark

Parks and Gardens

Baner- Pashan
Pashan
Biodiversity Park Moraya Garden PCMC Garden Shivar Garden Chinchwad
Chinchwad
Garden Snake Park Raja Shree Shahu Park

Temples

Moraya Gosavi Temple Shree Ayyappa Temple

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State of Maharashtra

Capital: Mumbai
Mumbai
Second capital: Nagpur

Topics

History Geography Economy Tourism Highest point Marathi language Culture Marathi people Marathi literature Marathi cinema Maharashtrian cuisine Sports

Regions

Desh Khandesh Konkan Mumbai
Mumbai
Metropolitan Region Marathwada Vidarbha

Divisions and Districts

Amravati
Amravati
division

Akola Amravati Buldhana Washim Yavatmal

Konkan
Konkan
division

Mumbai Mumbai
Mumbai
Suburban Palghar Raigad Ratnagiri Sindhudurg Thane

Aurangabad division

Aurangabad Beed Jalna Osmanabad Nanded Latur Parbhani Hingoli

Nagpur
Nagpur
division

Bhandara Chandrapur Gadchiroli Gondia Nagpur Wardha

Nashik
Nashik
division

Ahmednagar Dhule Jalgaon Nandurbar Nashik

Pune
Pune
division

Kolhapur Pune Sangli Satara Solapur

Million-plus cities in Maharashtra

Mumbai Pune Nagpur Aurangabad Nashik Solapur Thane Pimpri-Chinchwad Kalyan-Dombivali Vasai-Virar Navi Mumbai

Other cities with municipal corporations

Ahmednagar Akola Amravati Bhiwandi-Nizampur Chandrapur Dhule Jalgaon Kolhapur Latur Malegaon Mira-Bhayandar Nanded Panvel Parbhani Sangli Ulhasnagar

Portal: Maharashtra

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Million-plus agglomerations in India

North

Chandigarh Delhi Haryana: Faridabad Jammu and Kashmir: Srinagar Punjab: Ludhiana Amritsar Rajasthan: Jaipur Jodhpur Kota

Central

Chhattisgarh: Raipur Bhilai Madhya Pradesh: Indore Bhopal Jabalpur Gwalior Uttar Pradesh: Kanpur Lucknow Ghaziabad Agra Varanasi Meerut Allahabad

Eastern

Bihar: Patna Jharkhand: Jamshedpur Dhanbad Ranchi West Bengal: Kolkata Asansol

Western

Gujarat: Ahmedabad Surat Vadodara Rajkot Maharashtra: Mumbai Pune Nagpur Nashik Vasai-Virar Aurangabad

Southern

Andhra Pradesh: Visakhapatnam Vijayawada Karnataka: Bangalore Kerala: Kochi Kozhikode Thrissur Malappuram Thiruvananthapuram Kannur Kollam Tamil Nadu: Chennai Coimbatore Madurai Tiruchirappalli Telangana: Hyderabad

Authority control

GND: 4046772-7 BNF:

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