Pulakeshin I (IAST: Pulakeśin), also spelt Pulakesi I and Pulikeshi
I, founded the
Chalukya dynasty in the western Deccan region of India.
He started as a chieftain of Pattadakal. According to Karl J. Schmidt,
his grandfather was Jayasimha who began his rule between 500-520 CE in
Pattadakal region. According to George Michell, the earliest
evidence in the form of a Badami inscription suggests that it was
Pulakeshin I's career and efforts that founded the Early Chalukya
In 543 CE, Pulakeshin built a fort in Vatapi, now known as Badami, and
started his kingdom. Slowly, Pulakeshin gained control of the
territory bound by the Western Ghats on the west, the Krishna river in
the north and Tungabhadra river in the south. He ruled till 566 CE,
when his son
Kirtivarman I succeeded him. His descendants vastly
expanded the empire over the next two centuries, gaining first the
Konkan coast, then lands south of Narmada with occasional excursions
till Gujarat and Malwa.
Pulakeshin I legacy created the
Chalukya kingdom, which became Western
Chalukya kingdoms. Along with building the empire,
Pulakeshin I's descendants built major Hindu temples in the Aihole,
Badami and Pattadakal region. The Pattadakal monuments are now a
UNESCO world heritage site. Pulakeshin is also referred to as
Satyashraya, Vallabha and Dharmamaharaja in inscriptions.
^ Karl J. Schmidt (2015). An Atlas and Survey of South Asian History.
Routledge. p. 30. ISBN 978-1-317-47681-8.
^ George Michell (2002). Pattadakal. Oxford University Press.
pp. 2–3. ISBN 978-0-19-565651-0.
Chalukya Dynasty, Encyclopedia Britannica
^ Group of Monuments at Pattadakal, UNESCO; See also Advisory Body
Evaluation (ICOMOS), UNESCO
^ World Heritage Sites - Pattadakal - More Detail, Archaeological
Survey of India, Government of India (2012)
Nilakanta Sastri, K.A. (1935). The CōĻas, University of Madras,
Madras (Reprinted 1984).
Nilakanta Sastri, K.A. (1955). A History of South India, OUP, New
Delhi (Reprinted 2002).
Dr. Suryanath U. Kamat (2001). Concise History of Karnataka, MCC,