HOME
The Info List - Ptolemy XIII





Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator[note 1] (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Θεός Φιλοπάτωρ, Ptolemaĩos Theós Philopátōr "Ptolemy, God Beloved of his Father"; 62 BC/61 BC – prob. January 13, 47 BC, reigned from 51 BC) was one of the last members of the Ptolemaic dynasty (305–30 BC) of Egypt.

Contents

1 Co-ruler of Egypt, inner turmoil 2 Civil war 3 Media 4 Ancestry 5 Notes 6 References 7 External links

Co-ruler of Egypt, inner turmoil[edit] Son of Pharaoh
Pharaoh
Ptolemy XII of Egypt
Egypt
(80–58 BC and 55–51 BC), he succeeded his father in the spring of 51 BC as co-ruler of Egypt
Egypt
by his marriage to his older sister Cleopatra
Cleopatra
VII of Egypt
Egypt
(69–30 BC). In October 50 BC, Ptolemy XIII was promoted to senior ruler along with her, although the eunuch Pothinus acted as regent for him. In the spring of 48 BC, Ptolemy XIII and Pothinus attempted to depose Cleopatra
Cleopatra
VII due to her increasing status as Queen. Her face appeared on minted coins, for example, while Ptolemy XIII's name was omitted on official documents. Ptolemy intended to become main ruler, with Pothinus acting as the power behind the throne. Civil war[edit] Ptolemy XIII and Pothinus managed to force Cleopatra
Cleopatra
to flee to Syria, but she soon organized her own army and a civil war began in Egypt. Soon their other sister started to claim the throne as Arsinoe IV of Egypt
Egypt
(r. 48-47 BC), further complicating the situation. At this point, defeated Roman general Pompey the Great
Pompey the Great
came to Egypt seeking refuge from his pursuing rival Julius Caesar. Initially, Ptolemy XIII pretended to have accepted his request, but on September 29, 48 BC, he had the general murdered in hopes of winning favor with Caesar when the victorious general arrived. When Caesar arrived he was presented with the head of his deceased rival and former ally, but reportedly, instead of being pleased, Caesar reacted with disgust and ordered that Pompey's body be located and given a proper Roman funeral. Cleopatra
Cleopatra
VII proved more successful in winning Caesar's favor and became his lover. Caesar arranged the execution of Pothinus and the official return to the throne of Cleopatra
Cleopatra
VII, though she had never officially abdicated her marriage to Ptolemy XIII. Still determined to depose Cleopatra
Cleopatra
VII, Ptolemy XIII allied himself with Arsinoe IV. Jointly, they organized the factions of the army loyal to them against those loyal to Cleopatra
Cleopatra
VII and the relatively small part of his army that had accompanied Caesar to Egypt. The battle between the warring factions occurred in mid-December 48 BC inside Alexandria
Alexandria
itself (Siege of Alexandria
Alexandria
(47 BC)), which suffered serious damage, including (according to some sources)[1] the burning of some of the buildings which comprised the Library of Alexandria.[citation needed] Upon the arrival of Roman reinforcements, the Battle of the Nile
Nile
(47 BC) ensued and resulted in a victory for Caesar and Cleopatra, forcing Ptolemy XIII to flee the city. Ptolemy XIII reportedly drowned on January 13, 47 BC while attempting to cross the Nile. Whether he was attempting to flee or was seeking negotiations remains uncertain from sources of the time. Cleopatra
Cleopatra
VII remained the unchallenged ruler of Egypt, although she named their younger brother Ptolemy XIV of Egypt (40 BC) her new co-ruler. Media[edit] Ptolemy appears in George Frideric Handel's 1724 opera Giulio Cesare in Egitto (" Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
in Egypt"), In the motion picture Cleopatra
Cleopatra
(1963), Ptolemy was played by Richard O'Sullivan. Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator and his fight with Caesar and Cleopatra for the control of Egypt
Egypt
is featured in the HBO TV series Rome episode "Caesarion." Ptolemy will be featured in the Channel 5 series "Eight Days that made Rome" He appears as a non-playable character in the 2017 video game Assassin's Creed Origins, set in the final days of his rule. Ancestry[edit]

Ancestors of Ptolemy XIII of Egypt

16. Ptolemy V Epiphanes

8. Ptolemy VIII Physcon

17. Cleopatra
Cleopatra
I of Egypt

4. Ptolemy IX Lathyros

18. Ptolemy VI Philometor
Ptolemy VI Philometor
(brother of 8)

9. Cleopatra
Cleopatra
III of Egypt

19. Cleopatra
Cleopatra
II of Egypt
Egypt
(sister of 8)

2. Ptolemy XII Auletes

20. =16. Ptolemy V Epiphanes

10. =8. Ptolemy VIII Physcon

21. =17. Cleopatra
Cleopatra
I of Egypt

5. Cleopatra
Cleopatra
IV of Egypt

22. =18. Ptolemy VI Philometor

11. =9. Cleopatra
Cleopatra
III of Egypt

23. =19. Cleopatra
Cleopatra
II of Egypt

1. Ptolemy XIII

24. =16. Ptolemy V Epiphanes

12. =8. Ptolemy VIII Physcon

25. =17. Cleopatra
Cleopatra
I of Egypt

6. Ptolemy X Alexander I

26. =18. Ptolemy VI Philometor

13. =9. Cleopatra
Cleopatra
III of Egypt

27. =19. Cleopatra
Cleopatra
II of Egypt

3. Cleopatra
Cleopatra
V of Egypt

28. =8. Ptolemy VIII Physcon

14. =4. Ptolemy IX Lathyros

29. =9. Cleopatra
Cleopatra
III of Egypt

7. Berenice III of Egypt

30. =8. Ptolemy VIII Physcon

15. Cleopatra
Cleopatra
Selene I

31. =9. Cleopatra
Cleopatra
III of Egypt

Notes[edit]

^ Numbering the Ptolemies is a modern invention; the Greeks distinguished them by epithet (e.g. "Philopator") or nickname (e.g. "Auletes"). The number given here is the present consensus, but there has been some disagreement in the 19th century about which of the later Ptolemies should be counted as reigning. Since older sources may give a number one higher or lower, epithets are the most reliable way of determining which Ptolemy is being referred to in any given case.

References[edit]

^ Plutarch, Life of Julius Caesar, 49:3.

External links[edit]

Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator entry in historical sourcebook by Mahlon H. Smith

Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator Ptolemaic dynasty Born: ca. 62 BC Died: ca. 47 BC

Regnal titles

Preceded by Ptolemy XII Auletes
Ptolemy XII Auletes
and Cleopatra
Cleopatra
VII Pharaoh
Pharaoh
of Egypt 51–ca. 47 BC with Cleopatra
Cleopatra
VII Succeeded by Cleopatra
Cleopatra
VII and Ptolemy XIV

v t e

Hellenistic rulers

Argeads

Philip II Alexander III the Great Philip III Arrhidaeus Alexander IV

Antigonids

Antigonus I Monophthalmus Demetrius I Poliorcetes Antigonus II Gonatas Demetrius II Aetolicus Antigonus III Doson Philip V Perseus Philip VI (pretender)

Ptolemies

Ptolemy I Soter Ptolemy Keraunos Ptolemy II Philadelphus Ptolemy III Euergetes Ptolemy IV Philopator Ptolemy V Epiphanes Cleopatra
Cleopatra
I Syra (regent) Ptolemy VI Philometor Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator Cleopatra
Cleopatra
II Philometor Soter Ptolemy VIII Physcon Cleopatra
Cleopatra
III Ptolemy IX Lathyros Ptolemy X Alexander Berenice III Ptolemy XI Alexander Ptolemy XII Auletes Cleopatra
Cleopatra
VI Tryphaena Berenice IV Epiphanea Ptolemy XIII Ptolemy XIV Cleopatra
Cleopatra
VII Philopator Ptolemy XV Caesarion

Kings of Cyrene

Magas Demetrius the Fair Ptolemy VIII Physcon Ptolemy Apion

Seleucids

Seleucus I Nicator Antiochus I Soter Antiochus II Theos Seleucus II Callinicus Seleucus III Ceraunus Antiochus III the Great Seleucus IV Philopator Antiochus IV Epiphanes Antiochus V Eupator Demetrius I Soter Alexander I Balas Demetrius II Nicator Antiochus VI Dionysus Diodotus Tryphon Antiochus VII Sidetes Alexander II Zabinas Seleucus V Philometor Antiochus VIII Grypus Antiochus IX Cyzicenus Seleucus VI Epiphanes Antiochus X Eusebes Antiochus XI Epiphanes Demetrius III Eucaerus Philip I Philadelphus Antiochus XII Dionysus Antiochus XIII Asiaticus Philip II Philoromaeus

Lysimachids

Lysimachus Ptolemy Epigonos

Antipatrids

Cassander Philip IV Alexander V Antipater II Antipater Etesias Sosthenes

Attalids

Philetaerus Eumenes I Attalus I Eumenes II Attalus II Attalus III Eumenes III

Greco-Bactrians

Diodotus I Diodotus II Euthydemus I Demetrius I Euthydemus II Antimachus I Pantaleon Agathocles Demetrius II Eucratides I Plato Eucratides II Heliocles I

Indo-Greeks

Demetrius I Antimachus I Pantaleon Agathocles Apollodotus I Demetrius II Antimachus II Menander I Zoilos I Agathokleia Lysias Strato I Antialcidas Heliokles II Polyxenos Demetrius III Philoxenus Diomedes Amyntas Epander Theophilos Peukolaos Thraso Nicias Menander II Artemidoros Hermaeus Archebius Telephos Apollodotus II Hippostratos Dionysios Zoilos II Apollophanes Strato II Strato III

Kings of Bithynia

Boteiras Bas Zipoetes I Nicomedes I Zipoetes II Etazeta (regent) Ziaelas Prusias I Prusias II Nicomedes II Nicomedes III Nicomedes IV Socrates Chrestus

Kings of Pontus

Mithridates I Ctistes Ariobarzanes Mithridates II Mithridates III Pharnaces I Mithridates IV Philopator Philadephos Mithridates V Euergetes Mithridates VI Eupator Pharnaces II Darius Arsaces Polemon I Pythodorida Polemon II

Kings of Commagene

Ptolemaeus Sames II Mithridates I Antiochus I Mithridates II Antiochus II Mithridates III Antiochus III Antiochus IV

Kings of Cappadocia

Ariarathes I Ariarathes II Ariamnes II Ariarathes III Ariarathes IV Ariarathes V Orophernes Ariarathes VI Ariarathes VII Ariarathes VIII Ariarathes IX Ariobarzanes I Ariobarzanes II Ariobarzanes III Ariarathes X Archelaus

Kings of the Cimmerian Bosporus

Paerisades I Satyros II Prytanis Eumelos Spartokos III Hygiainon (regent) Paerisades II Spartokos IV Leukon II Spartokos V Paerisades III Paerisades IV Paerisades V Mithridates I Pharnaces Asander with Dynamis Mithridates II Asander with Dynamis Scribonius’ attempted rule with Dynamis Dynamis with Polemon Polemon with Pythodorida Aspurgus Mithridates III with Gepaepyris Mithridates

.