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Pseudo- Aristotle
Aristotle
is a general cognomen for authors of philosophical or medical treatises who attributed their work to the Greek philosopher Aristotle, or whose work was later attributed to him by others. Such falsely attributed works are known as pseudepigrapha.

Contents

1 History 2 Notable works 3 See also 4 References 5 Sources 6 External links

History[edit] The first Pseudo-Aristotelian works were produced by the members of the Peripatetic school
Peripatetic school
which was founded by Aristotle. However, many more works were written much later, during the Middle Ages.[1] Because Aristotle
Aristotle
had produced so many works on such a variety of subjects it was possible for writers in many different contexts—notably medieval Europeans, North Africans and Arabs—to write a work and ascribe it to Aristotle. Attaching his name to such a work guaranteed it a certain amount of respect and acceptance, since Aristotle
Aristotle
was regarded as one of the most authoritative ancient writers for the learned men of both Christian Europe and the Muslim Arab lands.[2] It is generally not clear whether the attribution to Aristotle
Aristotle
of a later work was done by its own author or by others who sought to popularize such works by using his name. In the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
more than a hundred Pseudo-Aristotelian works were in circulation. These can be separated in three groups based on the original language used for the work, namely Latin, Greek or Arabic. The category of Latin
Latin
works is the smallest[3] while the Arabic works are most numerous. Many Arabic works were translated to Latin
Latin
in the Middle Ages. The majority of these cover occult subjects such as alchemy, astrology, chiromancy and physiognomy. Others treated Greek philosophical subjects, more often the Platonic and Neoplatonic schools rather than the thought of Aristotle. The Arabic Secretum Secretorum was by far the most popular Pseudo-Aristotelian work and was even more widely diffused than any of the authentic works of Aristotle.[1] The release of Pseudo-Aristotelian works continued for long after the Middle Ages. Aristotle's Masterpiece
Aristotle's Masterpiece
was a sex manual which published first in 1684 and became very popular in England. It was still being sold in the early twentieth century and was probably the most widely reprinted book on a medical subject in the eighteenth and early nineteenth century.[4] Notable works[edit]

Aristotle's Masterpiece
Aristotle's Masterpiece
(1684) De Proprietatibus Elementorum (9th or 10th century) Liber de Causis On Marvellous Things Heard On the Universe
On the Universe
(De Mundo, 4th or 3rd century BC) Rhetoric to Alexander Secretum Secretorum The Theology of Aristotle Physiognomonics
Physiognomonics
(circa 300 BCE) On Melissus, Xenophanes, and Gorgias

See also[edit]

Hypostasis (philosophy and religion)

References[edit]

^ a b Glick, Livesey & Wallis 2005, p. 423–424. ^ Kieckhefer 2000, p. 27. ^ Charles B. Schmitt, Dilwyn Knox (Eds.): Pseudo-Aristoteles Latinus. A Guide to Latin
Latin
works falsely attributed to Aristotle
Aristotle
before 1500. London: The Warburg Institute, 1985, ISBN 0-85481-066-8 (Warburg Institute Surveys and Texts 12). ^ Bullough 1973.

Sources[edit]

Alwishah, Ahmed; Hayes, Josh (2015). Aristotle
Aristotle
and the Arabic Tradition. ISBN 1107101735. Cambridge University Press. Bullough, Vern L. (1973). "An Early American Sex Manual, or, Aristotle Who?". Early American Literature. 7 (3): 236–246. JSTOR 25070583.  Glick, Thomas; Livesey, Steven J.; Wallis, Faith, eds. (2005). Medieval Science, Technology, and Medicine: An Encyclopedia. New York City, New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-96930-7.  Kieckhefer, Richard (2000). Magic in the Middle Ages. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-78576-1.  Charles B. Schmitt, Dilwyn Knox (Eds.): Pseudo-Aristoteles Latinus. A Guide to Latin
Latin
works falsely attributed to Aristotle
Aristotle
before 1500. London: The Warburg Institute, 1985, ISBN 0-85481-066-8 (Warburg Institute Surveys and Texts 12)

External links[edit]

Works by Pseudo- Aristotle
Aristotle
at LibriVox
LibriVox
(public domain audiobooks)

v t e

Aristotelianism

Overview

Peripatetic school Physics Biology Ethics Logic Theology (unmoved mover)

Ideas and interests

Correspondence theory of truth Hexis Virtue ethics (golden mean) Four causes Telos Phronesis Eudaimonia Arete Temporal finitism Antiperistasis Philosophy of nature (sublunary sphere) Potentiality and actuality Universals (substantial form) Hylomorphism Mimesis Catharsis Substance (hypokeimenon, ousia, transcendentals) Essence–accident Category of being Minima naturalia Magnanimity Sensus communis Rational animal Genus–differentia Mythos

Corpus Aristotelicum

Physics Organon Nicomachean Ethics Politics Metaphysics On the Soul Rhetoric Poetics

Followers

Alexander the Great Theophrastus Avicenna Averroes Maimonides Thomas Aquinas Mortimer Adler Alasdair MacIntyre Martha Nussbaum

Related topics

Platonism Commentaries on Aristotle Recovery of Aristotle Scholasticism Conimbricenses Pseudo-Aristotle Views on women Aristotle's wheel paradox Aristotle's razor

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