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Przemyśl
Przemyśl
([ˈpʂɛmɨɕl] ( listen) German: Premissel, Ukrainian: Peremyshl, Перемишль less often Перемишель) is a city in south-eastern Poland
Poland
with 66,756 inhabitants, as of June 2009.[1] In 1999, it became part of the Subcarpathian Voivodeship; it was previously the capital of Przemyśl Voivodeship. Przemyśl
Przemyśl
owes its long and rich history to the advantages of its geographic location. The city lies in an area connecting mountains and lowlands known as the Przemyśl
Przemyśl
Gate, with open lines of transportation, and fertile soil. It also lies on the navigable San River. Important trade routes that connect Central Europe
Central Europe
from Przemyśl
Przemyśl
ensure the city's importance.

Contents

1 Names 2 History

2.1 Within the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 2.2 As part of Austrian Poland 2.3 Przemyśl
Przemyśl
Fortress 2.4 After World War I 2.5 Second World War 2.6 After the war

3 Climate 4 Main sights 5 Education 6 Sport 7 Politics

7.1 Krosno/ Przemyśl
Przemyśl
constituency

8 Twin towns 9 Notable people 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

Names[edit] Different names in various languages have identified the city throughout its history. Selected languages include: Bulgarian: Пшемишъл (Pshemishǎl); Czech: Přemyšl; German: Premissel; Latin: Premislia; Russian: Перемышль (Pjerjemyshlj); and Yiddish: פּשעמישל‎ (Pshemishl). History[edit]

Royal Casimir castle

Przemyśl, the second-oldest city in southern Poland
Poland
(after Kraków), appears to date from as early as the 8th century. The region subsequently became part of the 9th-century Great Moravian state. Archeological remains testify to the presence of a monastic settlement as early as the 9th century. Upon the invasion of the Hungarian tribes into the heart of the Great Moravian Empire around 899, the Lendians of the area declared allegiance to the Hungarian authorities[citation needed]. The Przemyśl
Przemyśl
region then became a site of contention between Poland, Kievan Rus
Kievan Rus
and Hungary
Hungary
beginning in at least the 9th century. The area was mentioned for the first time in 981 by Nestor, when Vladimir I of Kievan Rus
Kievan Rus
took it over on the way into Poland.[2][3] In 1018 Przemyśl
Przemyśl
returned to Poland, and in 1031 it was retaken by Rus. The palatium complex was built during the rule of Bolesław I Chrobry.[4] Between the 11th and 12th century the city was a capital of the Principality of Peremyshl, one of the principalities that made up the Kievan Rus'
Kievan Rus'
state. Sometime before 1218 an Eastern Orthodox eparchy was founded in the city.[5] Przemyśl
Przemyśl
later became part of the Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia. Within the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth[edit]

Early 17th century graphics with Latin writing Premislia celebris Rvssiae civitas

In 1340 Przemyśl
Przemyśl
was taken by Casimir III of Poland
Poland
and became part of the Polish kingdom as result of the Galicia–Volhynia Wars. Around this time the first Roman Catholic diocese was founded in the city,[5] and Przemyśl
Przemyśl
was granted city rights based on Magdeburg rights, confirmed in 1389 by king Władysław II Jagiełło. The city prospered as an important trade centre during the Renaissance period. Like nearby Lviv
Lviv
(Polish: Lwów, German: Lemberg), the city's population consisted of a great number of nationalities, including Poles, Ruthenians, Jews, Germans, Czechs
Czechs
and Armenians. The long period of prosperity enabled the construction of such handsome public buildings as the Old Synagogue of 1559. A Jesuit
Jesuit
college was founded in the city in 1617.[5] The prosperity came to an end in the middle of the 17th century, due to wartime destruction during The Deluge and the general decline of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
at this time. The city decline lasted for over a hundred years, and only at the end of the 18th century did it recover its former levels of population. In 1754, the Roman Catholic bishop founded Przemyśl's first public library, which was only the second public library in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
(Warsaw's Załuski Library
Załuski Library
was founded 7 years earlier). Przemyśl's importance at that time was such that when Austria
Austria
annexed eastern Galicia in 1772 the Austrians considered making Przemyśl
Przemyśl
their provincial capital, before deciding on Lwów.[5] In the mid-eighteenth century, people of Jewish faith constituted 55.6% (1692) of the population, Roman Catholics 39.5% (1202), and Greek Catholics 4.8% (147).[6] As part of Austrian Poland[edit]

Austrian KK Postal card in Polish version sent in 1881

In 1772, as a consequence of the First Partition of Poland, Przemyśl became part of the Austrian empire, in what the Austrians called the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria. According to the Austrian census of 1830, the city was home to 7,538 people of whom 1,508 (20%) were members of the Greek Catholic Church, a significantly larger number of Ruthenians
Ruthenians
than in most Galician cities.[5] In 1804 a Ruthenian library was established in Przemyśl. By 1822 its collection had over 33,000 books and its importance for Ruthenians
Ruthenians
was comparable to that held by the Ossolineum
Ossolineum
library in Lviv
Lviv
for Poles. Przemyśl
Przemyśl
also became the center of the revival of Byzantine choral music in the Greek Catholic Church. Until eclipsed by Lviv
Lviv
in the 1830s, Przemyśl was the most important city in the Ruthenian cultural awakening in the nineteenth century.[5] In 1861 railways were built to connect Przemyśl
Przemyśl
with Kraków
Kraków
to the west and Lviv
Lviv
(Lemberg) to the east. In the middle of the 19th century, due to the growing conflict between Austria
Austria
and Russia over the Balkans, Austria
Austria
grew more mindful of Przemyśl's strategic location near the border with the Russian Empire. During the Crimean War, when tensions mounted between Russia and Austria, a series of massive fortresses, 15 km (9 mi) in circumference, were built around the city by the Austrians. The census of 1910 showed that the city had 54,078 residents. Roman Catholics were the most numerous – 25,306 (46,8%), followed by Jews – 16,062 (29,7%) and Greek Catholics – 12,018 (22,2%).[7] Przemyśl
Przemyśl
Fortress[edit] See also: Przemyśl
Przemyśl
Fortress

Fort 15 "Borek", 1896–1900

With technological progress in artillery during the second half of the 19th century, the old fortifications rapidly became obsolete. The longer range of rifled artillery necessitated the redesign of fortresses so that they would be larger and able to resist the newly available guns. To achieve this, between the years 1888 and 1914 Przemyśl
Przemyśl
was turned into a first class fortress, the third largest in Europe out of about 200 that were built in this period. Around the city, in a circle of circumference 45 km (28 mi), 44 forts of various sizes were built. The older fortifications were modernised to provide the fortress with an internal defence ring. The fortress was designed to accommodate 85,000 soldiers and 956 cannons of all sorts, although eventually 120,000 soldiers were garrisoned there.[8]

German illustration of the second Siege of Przemyśl, from the 13 January 1915 Illustrated War News.

In August 1914, at the start of the First World War, Russian forces defeated Austro-Hungarian forces in the opening engagements and advanced rapidly into Galicia. The Przemyśl
Przemyśl
fortress fulfilled its mission very effectively, helping to stop a 300,000 strong Russian army advancing upon the Carpathian Passes and Kraków, the Lesser Poland
Poland
regional capital. The first siege was lifted by a temporary Austro-Hungarian advance. However, the Russian army resumed its advance and initiated a second siege of the fortress of Przemyśl
Przemyśl
in October 1914. This time relief attempts were unsuccessful. Due to lack of food and exhaustion of its defenders, the fortress surrendered on 22 March 1915. The Russians captured 126,000 prisoners and 700 big guns. Before surrender, the complete destruction of all fortifications was carried out. The Russians did not linger in Przemyśl. A renewed offensive by the Central Powers
Central Powers
recaptured the destroyed fortress on 3 June 1915. During the fighting around Przemyśl, both sides lost up to 115,000 killed, wounded, and missing.[8] After World War I[edit]

Przemyśl
Przemyśl
Train Station

Interior of the station

At the end of World War I, Przemyśl
Przemyśl
became disputed between renascent Poland
Poland
and the West Ukrainian People's Republic. On 1 November 1918 a local provisional government was formed with representatives of Polish, Jewish, and Ruthenian inhabitants of the area. However, on 3 November, Ukrainian military unit overthrew the government, arrested its leader, and captured the eastern part of the city. The Ukrainian army was checked by a small Polish self-defence unit formed of World War I veterans. Also numerous young Polish volunteers from Przemyśl's high schools, later to be known as Przemyśl
Przemyśl
Orlęta, The Eaglets of Przemyśl
Przemyśl
(in a similar manner to more famous Lwów
Lwów
Eaglets), joined the host. The battlefront divided the city along the river San, with the western borough of Zasanie held in Polish hands and the Old Town controlled by the Ukrainians. Neither Poles
Poles
nor Ukrainians could effectively cross the San, so both opposing parties decided to wait for a relief force from the outside. That race was won by the Polish relievers: the volunteer expeditionary unit formed in Kraków
Kraków
arrived in Przemyśl
Przemyśl
on 10 November. When the subsequent Polish ultimatum to the Ukrainians remained unanswered, on 11–12 November the Polish forces crossed the San and forced out the outnumbered Ukrainians from the city in what became known as the 1918 Battle of Przemyśl. After the end of the Polish–Ukrainian War
Polish–Ukrainian War
and the Polish–Bolshevik War that followed, the city became a part of the Second Polish Republic. Although the capital of the voivodship was in Lwów
Lwów
(see: Lwów
Lwów
Voivodeship), Przemyśl
Przemyśl
recovered its nodal position as a seat of local church administration, as well as the garrison of the 10th Military District of the Polish Army
Polish Army
- a staff unit charged with organising the defence of roughly 10% of the territory of prewar Poland. As of 1931 Przemyśl
Przemyśl
had a population of 62,272 and was the biggest city in southern Poland
Poland
located between Kraków
Kraków
and Lwów. Second World War[edit] See also: Battle of Przemyśl
Przemyśl
(1939) After the invasion of Poland
Poland
by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
and the Soviet Union, the border between the two invaders ran through the middle of the city along the San river
San river
until June 1941. During the Soviet occupation Przemyśl
Przemyśl
was incorporated to the Ukrainian SSR
Ukrainian SSR
in the atmosphere of NKVD terror.[9] It became part of the newly established Drohobych Oblast.[10] In 1940 the city became an administrative center of Peremyshl Uyezd with the Peremyshl Fortified District
Fortified District
established along the Nazi-Soviet frontier before the German attack against the USSR in 1941.[11] The town's population increased due to a large influx of Jewish refugees from the General Government
General Government
who sought to cross the border to Romania.[12] It is estimated that by mid-1941 the Jewish population of the city had grown to roughly 16,500. In the Operation Barbarossa
Operation Barbarossa
of 1941, the eastern (Soviet) part of the city was also occupied by Germany. On 20 June 1942 the first group of 1,000 Jews was transported from the Przemyśl
Przemyśl
area to the Janowska concentration camp, and on 15 July 1942 a Nazi ghetto
Nazi ghetto
was established for all Jewish inhabitants of Przemyśl
Przemyśl
and its vicinity – some 22,000 people altogether. Local Jews were given 24 hours to enter the Ghetto. Jewish communal buildings, including the Tempel Synagogue and the Old Synagogue were destroyed; the New Synagogue, Zasanie Synagogue, and all commercial and residential real estate belonging to Jews were expropriated.[13] Further information: Jewish ghettos in German-occupied Poland

Population of Przemyśl, 1931

Roman Catholics 39 430 (63,3%)

Jews 18 376 (29,5%)

Greek Catholics 4 391 (7,0%)

Other denominations 85 (0,2%)

Total 62 272

Source: 1931 Polish census

View of the Old Town in Przemyśl, 2014

The ghetto in Przemyśl
Przemyśl
was sealed off from the outside on 14 July 1942. By that time, there may have been as many as 24,000 Jews in the ghetto. On 27 July the Gestapo
Gestapo
notified Judenrat
Judenrat
about the forced resettlement program and posted notices that an "Aktion" (roundup for deportation to camps) was to be implemented involving almost all occupants. Exceptions were made for some essential, and Gestapo workers, who would have their papers stamped accordingly. On the same day, Major Max Liedtke, military commander of Przemyśl, ordered his troops to seize the bridge across the San river
San river
that connected the divided city, and halt the evacuation. The Gestapo
Gestapo
were forced to give him permission to retain the workers performing service for the Wehrmacht (up to 100 Jews with families). For the actions undertaken by Liedtke and his adjutant Albert Battel in Przemyśl, Yad Vashem later named them "Righteous Among the Nations".[14] The process of extermination of the Jews resumed thereafter. Until September 1943 almost all Jews were sent to the Auschwitz or Belzec extermination camps. The local branches of the Polish underground and the Żegota managed to save 415 Jews. According to a postwar investigation in German archives, 568 Poles
Poles
were executed by the Germans for sheltering Jews in the area of Przemyśl, including Michał Kruk, hanged along with several others on 6 September 1943 in a public execution. Among the many Polish rescuers there, were the Banasiewicz, Kurpiel, Kuszek, Lewandowski, and Podgórski families.[15][16] The Red Army
Red Army
retook the town from German forces on 27 July 1944. On 16 August 1945, a border agreement between the government of the Soviet Union and the Polish Provisional Government of National Unity, installed by the Soviets, was signed in Moscow. According to the so-called Curzon Line, the postwar eastern border of Poland
Poland
has been established several kilometres to the east of Przemyśl. After the war[edit] In the postwar territorial settlement, the new border between Poland and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
placed Przemyśl
Przemyśl
just within the Polish People's Republic. The border now ran only a few kilometers to the east of the city, cutting it off from much of its economic hinterland. Due to the murder of Jews in the Nazi Holocaust
Holocaust
and the postwar expulsion of Ukrainians (in 1947's Operation Vistula
Operation Vistula
or akcja Wisla), the city's population fell to 24,000, almost entirely Polish. However, the city welcomed thousands of Polish migrants from Eastern Galicia. Their numbers restored the population to its prewar level. As a result of all these events, the growth of the city in the years after 1945 was stunted. In the 1990s, economic reforms in Ukraine after the fall of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
allowed the border to be opened, improving the city's opportunities for trade. Climate[edit]

Climate data for Przemyśl

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 14 (57) 15 (59) 24 (75) 31 (88) 31 (88) 34 (93) 37 (99) 37 (99) 37 (99) 30 (86) 20 (68) 16 (61) 37 (99)

Average high °C (°F) 0 (32) 1 (34) 6 (43) 13 (55) 19 (66) 23 (73) 24 (75) 23 (73) 19 (66) 14 (57) 6 (43) 3 (37) 12.6 (54.7)

Average low °C (°F) −7 (19) −6 (21) −2 (28) 3 (37) 8 (46) 12 (54) 14 (57) 13 (55) 9 (48) 5 (41) 1 (34) −2 (28) 4 (39)

Record low °C (°F) −37 (−35) −27 (−17) −25 (−13) −11 (12) −2 (28) 2 (36) 6 (43) 3 (37) 0 (32) −7 (19) −16 (3) −17 (1) −37 (−35)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 27 (1.06) 24 (0.94) 25 (0.98) 43 (1.69) 57 (2.24) 88 (3.46) 105 (4.13) 93 (3.66) 58 (2.28) 50 (1.97) 43 (1.69) 43 (1.69) 656 (25.83)

Source: BBC Weather [17]

Main sights[edit] Due to long and rich history of the city, there are many sights in and around Przemyśl, of special interest to tourists, including the Old Town with Rynek, the main market square. Among the historic buildings and museums, opened to visitors, are:

Statue of the good soldier Švejk in Przemyśl

Muzeum Narodowe (the National Museum) - this has a splendid collection of icons, second only to the one in Sanok. It is free on Wednesdays. Muzeum Dzwonów i Fajek (the Museum of Bells and Pipes) - free on Wednesdays. Muzeum Diecezjalne (the diocesan museum) Reformed Franciscan church and monastery, founded in 1627 Franciscan Church, from mid 18th-century in a baroque style Uniate
Uniate
Cathedral, former 17th-century Jesuit
Jesuit
church, now a Uniate cathedral with a nice iconostasis Carmelite Church, 17th century late- Renaissance
Renaissance
church The Great Przemyśl
Przemyśl
Cathedral Castle, built by Casimir III the Great in the 14th century. Zasanie Synagogue New Synagogue (Przemyśl) Lubomirski Palace, an eclectic style palace of the Lubomirski family constructed in 1885. Kopiec Tatarski - a mound to the south of the city where a 16th-century Tatar
Tatar
khan was supposedly buried. World War I
World War I
cemeteries (Cmentarz Wojskowy) Civil Defense Shelter - Schron Kierowania Obroną Cywilną[18]

Education[edit]

Saint Theresa Carmelite Church

Greek-Catholic
Greek-Catholic
Cathedral of St. John the Baptist

Wyższa Szkoła Administracji i Zarządzania

Wydział zamiejscowy w Rzeszowie

Wyższa Szkoła Gospodarcza Wyższa Szkoła Informatyki i Zarządzania Nauczycielskie Kolegium Języków Obcych Nauczycielskie Kolegium Języka Polskiego

Sport[edit]

Czuwaj Przemyśl
Czuwaj Przemyśl
- football club AZS Czuwaj Przemyśl
Czuwaj Przemyśl
- handball club Polonia Przemyśl
Polonia Przemyśl
- football club

Politics[edit] Krosno/ Przemyśl
Przemyśl
constituency[edit] Members of Sejm
Sejm
elected from Krosno/ Przemyśl
Przemyśl
constituency

Andrzej Ćwierz, Law and Justice Marian Józef Daszyk, League of Polish Families Mieczysław Golba, Law and Justice Mieczysław Kasprzak, PSL Janusz Adam Kołodziej, Polish Families League Marek Kuchciński, Law and Justice Tomasz Kulesza, Civic Platform Elżbieta Łukacijewska, Civic Platform Janusz Roman Maksymiuk, Self-Defence Wojciech Tadeusz Pomajda, Democratic Left Alliance Stanisław Zając, Law and Justice

Twin towns[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Poland Przemyśl
Przemyśl
is twinned with:

Eger, Hungary South Kesteven, United Kingdom Paderborn, Germany Lviv, Ukraine Truskavets, Ukraine Kamyanets-Podilskyi, Ukraine

Notable people[edit]

Jerzy Bartmiński, UMCS Svetozar Boroević, Austro-Hungarian Army
Austro-Hungarian Army
Marshal Jan Borukowski, Bishop of Przemyśl Helene Deutsch, née Rosenbach, psychoanalyst Andrzej Maksymilian Fredro, Sejm
Sejm
Marshal in 1652 Mark Gertler, British painter Leonid Gobyato Avraham Ben-Yitzhak Stefan Grabiński Joshua Höschel ben Joseph Hermann Kusmanek von Burgneustädten Czesław Marek Yaroslav Osmomysl Jerzy Podbrożny Helena Podgórska, Righteous Among the Nations Jan Nepomucen Potocki Teodor Andrzej Potocki Shabbethai Premsla Hieronim Florian Radziwiłł Jaroslav Rudnyckyj, Ukrainian-Canadian
Ukrainian-Canadian
linguist Ryszard Siwiec Zeev Sternhell Andrzej Trzebicki Anatole Vakhnianyn Jan Wężyk Andrzej Tomasz Zapałowski Władysław Dominik Zasławski Velvel Zbarjer, Brody singer Samuel Zborowski Zyndram of Maszkowice Giulietta Guicciardi Wojciech Inglot, founder of Inglot Cosmetics Company

See also[edit]

Old Synagogue in Przemyśl
Przemyśl
destroyed by the Nazis
Nazis
in 1941 Przemyślanin

References[edit]

^ "Population. Size and structure by territorial division" (PDF). © 1995-2009 Central Statistical Office 00-925 Warsaw, Al. Niepodległości 208. 2009-06-02. Retrieved 2009-06-22.  ^ Under 981, the Primary Chronicle reports on Volodymyr's campaign against the Poles, which resulted in the capture of "their towns" Peremyshl and Cherven. As the chronicler notes, they remained under Rus' control until his own time. In: S. Plokhy. "The origins of the Slavic nations: premodern identities in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus". Cambridge University Press, 2006. p. 57. ^ A. Buko. "The archaeology of early medieval Poland". Brill. 2008. pp. 307-308 ^ Przemysław Wiszewski. Domus Bolezlai: Values and Social Identity in Dynastic Traditions of Medieval Poland
Poland
(c. 966-1138). BRILL. 2010. p. 445. ^ a b c d e f Stanislaw Stepien. (2005). Borderland City: Przemyśl and the Ruthenian National Awakening in Galicia. In Paul Robert Magocsi (Ed.). Galicia: A Multicultured Land. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. pp. 52-67 ^ J. Motylkiewicz. "Ethnic Communities in the Towns of the Polish-Ukrainian Borderland in the Sixteenth, Seventeenth, and Eighteenth Centuries". C. M. Hann, P. R. Magocsi ed. Galicia: A Multicultured Land. University of Toronto Press. 2005. p. 37. ^ Juraj Buzalka. Nation and Religion: The Politics of Commemorations in South-East Poland. LIT Verlag Münster. 2008. p. 34 ^ a b Tom Idzikowski. "The History of the Construction of the Fortress of Przemyśl". Engagements and Battles. Austro-Hungarian-army.co.uk. Retrieved May 23, 2012.  ^ Bernd Wegner (1997). From peace to war: Germany, Soviet Russia, and the world, 1939–1941. Berghahn Books. p. 74. ISBN 1-57181-882-0.  ^ Voytovych, L. Drohobych Oblast. " Lviv
Lviv
Gazette". 18 July 2013 ^ Koval, M. Unknown Ukraine: 20th century history of fortifications. Myths and reality. ^ Encyclopedia of the Ghettos (2016). "סמבּוֹר (Sambor) המכון הבין-לאומי לחקר השואה - יד ושם:". The International Institute for Holocaust
Holocaust
Research.  ^ Virtual Shtetl
Virtual Shtetl
(2016). "Jewish history of Przemyśl. The Holocaust". POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews. Archived from the original on 2016-09-14.  ^ Daniel Fraenkel. "Akte 1979. Battel, Albert. Die deutschen Gerechten". Deutsche und Österreicher. Wallstein Verlag. pp. 65–. Retrieved May 23, 2012.  ^ Anna Poray, Polish Righteous: Those Who Risked Their Lives with photographs and bibliography, 2004. See: BANASIEWICZ. ^ "Killed by military police and Gestapo
Gestapo
for helping Jews". Holocaust Forgotten. Retrieved May 24, 2012. Search keyword: Przemyśl prov.  ^ "Average Conditions Przemyśl, Poland". BBC Weather. Archived from the original on July 26, 2009. Retrieved August 30, 2010.  ^ "Schron Kierowania Obroną Cywilną - Visit Przemyśl". visit.przemysl.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2017-07-26. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Przemyśl.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Przemyśl.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Przemyśl.

(in Polish) Municipal website (in Polish) Powiat
Powiat
of Przemyśl
Przemyśl
( Przemyśl
Przemyśl
County) (in Polish) Przemyśl
Przemyśl
24/7 (in Polish) Photo-blog about Przemyśl Przemyśl
Przemyśl
on old postcards Przemyśl
Przemyśl
Photo Gallery The Jewish Przemyśl
Przemyśl
Blog, its Sons and Daughters Przemyśl
Przemyśl
at KehilaLinks Przemyśl, Poland
Poland
at JewishGen

Coordinates: 49°47′10″N 22°46′26″E / 49.78611°N 22.77389°E / 49.78611; 22.77389

v t e

Counties of Podkarpackie Voivodeship

City counties

Rzeszów
Rzeszów
(capital) Krosno Przemyśl Tarnobrzeg

Land counties

Bieszczady Brzozów Dębica Jarosław Jasło Kolbuszowa Krosno Łańcut Lesko Leżajsk Lubaczów Mielec Nisko Przemyśl Przeworsk Ropczyce-Sędziszów Rzeszów Sanok Stalowa Wola Strzyżów Tarnobrzeg

v t e

Przemyśl
Przemyśl
County

Seat (not part of the county): Przemyśl

Rural gminas

Gmina Bircza Gmina Dubiecko Gmina Fredropol Gmina Krasiczyn Gmina Krzywcza Gmina Medyka Gmina Orły Gmina Przemyśl Gmina Stubno Gmina Żurawica

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 149523398 GND: 4116122-1 BNF: cb1204

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