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Prospero
Prospero
(/ˈprɒspəroʊ/ PROS-pər-oh) is a fictional character and the protagonist of William Shakespeare's play The Tempest. Prospero
Prospero
is the rightful Duke of Milan, whose usurping brother, Antonio, had put him (with his three-year-old daughter, Miranda) to sea on "a rotten carcass of a butt [boat]" to die, 12 years before the play begins. Prospero
Prospero
and Miranda survived and found exile on a small island. He has learned sorcery from books, and uses it while on the island to protect Miranda and control the other characters. Before the play has begun, Prospero
Prospero
frees the spirit Ariel from entrapment within "a cloven pine", about which Prospero
Prospero
states:

It was mine Art, When I arrived and heard thee, that made gape The pine and let thee out. — The Tempest, Act 1, scene 2.

Prospero's sorcery is sufficiently powerful to control Ariel and other spirits, as well as to alter weather and even raise the dead: "Graves at my command have waked their sleepers, oped, and let 'em forth, by my so potent Art."- Act V, scene 1. On the island, Prospero
Prospero
becomes master of the monster Caliban
Caliban
(the son of Sycorax, a malevolent witch) and forces Caliban
Caliban
into submission by punishing him with magic if he does not obey. Ariel is beholden to Prospero
Prospero
after he is freed from his imprisonment inside the pine tree. At the end of the play, Prospero
Prospero
intends to drown his book and renounce magic. In the view of the audience, this may have been required to make the ending unambiguously happy, as magic was associated with diabolical works; he will drown his books for the same reason that Doctor Faust, in an earlier play by Christopher Marlowe, promised in vain to burn his books[1].

Contents

1 Prospero's speech 2 Portrayal 3 In popular culture 4 References 5 External links

Prospero's speech[edit] The Tempest
The Tempest
is believed to be the last play Shakespeare
Shakespeare
wrote alone.[2][3][4] In this play there are two candidate soliloquies by Prospero, which critics have taken to be Shakespeare's own "retirement speech". One person's speech is the "Cloud-capp'd towers...".[2][3]

           Our revels now are ended: These our actors—,            As I foretold you—, were all spirits and            Are melted into air, into thin air;            And, like the baseless fabric of this vision,            The cloud-capp’d towers, the gorgeous palaces,            The solemn temples, the great globe itself,            Yea, all which it inherit, shall dissolve            And, like this insubstantial pageant faded,            Leave not a rack behind: we are such stuff            As dreams are made on, and our little life            Is rounded with a sleep. — The Tempest, Act 4, Scene 1

[2][3] The final soliloquy and epilogue is the other candidate.[4]

           Now my charms are all o'erthrown,            And what strength I have's mine own,            Which is most faint: now, 'tis true,            I must be here confined by you,            Or sent to Naples. Let me not,            Since I have my dukedom got            And pardon'd the deceiver, dwell            In this bare island by your spell;            But release me from my bands            With the help of your good hands:            Gentle breath of yours my sails            Must fill, or else my project fails,            Which was to please. Now I want            Spirits to enforce, art to enchant,            And my ending is despair,            Unless I be relieved by prayer,            Which pierces so that it assaults            Mercy itself and frees all faults.            As you from crimes would pardon'd be,            Let your indulgence set me free.

Portrayal[edit]

Sir Michael Redgrave
Sir Michael Redgrave
played Prospero
Prospero
in a BBC
BBC
Play of the Month production in 1968. Heathcote Williams
Heathcote Williams
played Prospero
Prospero
in Derek Jarman's 1979 film version of The Tempest. Sir Michael Hordern
Sir Michael Hordern
played Prospero
Prospero
in a 1980 production for BBC television. A Stratford Shakespeare Festival
Stratford Shakespeare Festival
production was videotaped and broadcast on television in 1983, starring Len Cariou
Len Cariou
as Prospero. Paul Mazursky's film, Tempest (1983), features a Prospero-esque character portrayed by John Cassavetes
John Cassavetes
who is an exile of his own cynical discontent, ego and self-betrayal and who abandons America for a utopian "kingdom" on a secluded Greek isle. In Peter Greenaway's film Prospero's Books
Prospero's Books
(1991), Prospero
Prospero
is played by John Gielgud. In Julie Taymor's 2010 film adaptation of the play, Prospero
Prospero
is played by Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
and is now named Prospera. BBC
BBC
Radio 3 broadcast a production of The Tempest
The Tempest
(7 October 2001) adapted for radio and directed by David Hunter, starring Philip Madoc as Prospero, Nina Wadia
Nina Wadia
as Ariel, Josh Richards as Caliban, Catrin Rhys as Miranda, Andrew Cryer as Ferdinand, Rudolph Walker
Rudolph Walker
as Gonzalo, James Laurenson as Alonso, Christian Rodska as Sebastian, and Ioan Meredith as Antonio. David Warner played Prospero
Prospero
in the BBC
BBC
Radio 3 Drama on 3 production of The Tempest, broadcast (on 6 May 2012) as part of the Shakespeare Unlocked series on the BBC. The production included Carl Prekopp as Ariel, Rose Leslie
Rose Leslie
as Miranda, James Garnon as Caliban, James Lailey as Antonio
Antonio
and Peter Hamilton Dyer as Sebastian, and was adapted for radio and directed by Jeremy Mortimer. Richard Cox portrays Prospero
Prospero
in the second season of the TNT series The Librarians. This version of Prospero
Prospero
is a Fictional, a character brought to life by magic, and has become bitter over the way his story was written, as he feels it was made without his consent. After regaining his book and obtaining the Staff of Zarathustra, he imprisons the Librarians within his illusions, but his servant Ariel (who is an actual fairy rather than a character) rebels and frees them. Prospero
Prospero
subsequently begins to reshape the world in his image, while also possessing his creator Shakespeare
Shakespeare
in order to change the past. The Librarians destroy his staff and exorcise him from Shakespeare's body, banishing him back to his original story. Patrick Stewart
Patrick Stewart
portrayed Prospero
Prospero
on a Broadway version of The Tempest. He later participated as Prospero
Prospero
in Rupert Goold's very loose interpretation with The Royal Shakespeare Company
The Royal Shakespeare Company
in Stratford-upon-Avon.

In popular culture[edit]

In the comic book series The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen
The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen
by Alan Moore and Kevin O'Neill, Prospero
Prospero
appears as a founding member of the first such grouping in 1610, alongside his familiars Caliban
Caliban
and Ariel. Paul Prospero, the protagonist of The Vanishing of Ethan Carter (2014), is named after Prospero.[5] In John Bellairs's novel The Face in the Frost (1969), Prospero
Prospero
is one of the protagonists. In The Horus Heresy series, several books take place on a planet called Prospero. The citizens of the planet are versed in sorcery and psychic powers, earning them the suspicion and ire of the rest of the Imperium of Man.[6] Melon Cauliflower, by NZ playwright Tom McCrory, is about a man Prospero, in his late sixties, who struggles to come to terms with the death of his wife and has mistreated his daughter Miranda.[7] The Masque of the Red Death, by Edgar Allan Poe, is set at the manor of a Prince Prospero In the television series Star Trek: The Next Generation by Gene Roddenberry and CBS
CBS
/ Paramount Pictures, Prospero
Prospero
appears briefly played by Lt. Cmdr. Data who is in turn played by the actor Brent Spiner during the beginning of Season 7 Episode 23 entitled 'Emergence'. He recites some lines of Prospero's speech before asking Captain Picard as played by Patrick Stewart
Patrick Stewart
to provide some insight into the character of Prospero
Prospero
and Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' in general. This may be a fortunate coincidence as Stewart was to appear as Prospero
Prospero
on Broadway the following year, a booking which may have been known by the writers. In the mobile game " Star Trek
Star Trek
Timelines" a character was released in February 2017 called Prospero
Prospero
Data recalling the characters appearance in the previously mentioned Star Trek: TNG episode. Good wizard named Prospero
Prospero
appears in Polish children's animated cartoon called "Miś Fantazy"[8] based on the books by Ewa Karwan-Jastrzębska[9] In episode 1 of the video game Life is Strange: Before the Storm, the drama students of Blackwell Academy are seen rehearsing for their upcoming play, The Tempest. The character, Rachel Amber, playing Prospero. In the popular manga One Piece, a character with the name Perospero appears in chapter 834, partly inspired by Prospero. His mother, Charlotte Linlin also seems to be inspired by the character as she is the one to use magic to control everything on the Island with her soul. Prospero
Prospero
is the main antagonist in season 2 of The Librarians (2014 TV series).

References[edit]

^ "The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus, by Christopher Marlowe". www.gutenberg.org. Retrieved 2017-09-20.  ^ a b c Shakespeare, William (1913). "Act 4, Scene 1". In Horne, David. The Tempest
The Tempest
(Revised hardcover ed.). New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 72. ...it was probably Shakespeare's last effort.  ^ a b c Jacobs, M W. "Shakespeare's Parting Words". HuffingtonPost. Retrieved 16 June 2017.  ^ a b Shakespeare, William; Guthrie,Tyrone (1958). "The Tempest". In Alexander, Peter. The Comedies. New York: The Heritage Press. p. 4. Shakespeare
Shakespeare
himself was at the end of his career, and it is hardly possible not to see,...in Prospero's resignation of his magic a reflection of Shakespeare's own farewell to his art.  ^ "On The Vanishing of Ethan Carter's Ending (EXTREME SPOILERS)". Retrieved 2015-10-07.  ^ " Prospero
Prospero
Burns publisher summary". Archived from the original on 13 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.  ^ McCrory, Tom. Melon Cauliflower (PDF). RadioNZ. [permanent dead link] ^

Prospero
Prospero
appears as the main villain in season 2 of The Librarians on TNT.

"Miś Fantazy". vod.tvp.pl. Retrieved 2016-12-22.  ^ "Ewa Karwan-Jastrzębska"., wolna encyklopedia (in Polish). 2016-11-30. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Prospero.

v t e

William Shakespeare's The Tempest

Characters

Prospero Miranda Ariel Caliban Sycorax Ferdinand Gonzalo Stephano

Sources

A True Reportory
True Reportory
of the Wracke and Redemption of Sir Thomas Gates, Knight Decades of the New World Montaigne's Essays Ovid's Metamorphoses Erasmus's Naufragium Commedia dell'arte Sea Venture

Films

1911 1963 1979 1980 1992 2010

Adaptations

Music

Three Shakespeare
Shakespeare
Songs (Vaughan Williams) The Tempest
The Tempest
(Sullivan) The Tempest
The Tempest
(Sibelius) The Tempest
The Tempest
(Tchaikovsky) The Tempest
The Tempest
(ballet) (Nordheim) "Don't Pay the Ferryman" (1982)

Screen

Yellow Sky
Yellow Sky
(1948) Forbidden Planet
Forbidden Planet
(1956) Tempest (1982) The Journey to Melonia
The Journey to Melonia
(1989) Prospero's Books
Prospero's Books
(1991)

Painting

Scene from Shakespeare's The Tempest
The Tempest
(Hogarth) Ferdinand Lured by Ariel
Ferdinand Lured by Ariel
(Millais)

Musicals

Beach Blanket Tempest Return to the Forbidden Planet Amaluna

Plays

The Tempest
The Tempest
(Dryden) The Sea Voyage The Mock Tempest
The Mock Tempest
(1674 Duffet) Une Tempête
Une Tempête
(1969 Césaire) The Sea (play)
The Sea (play)
(1973) I'll Be The Devil
I'll Be The Devil
(2008)

Opera

The Tempest
The Tempest
(1756 Smith) Die Geisterinsel
Die Geisterinsel
(libretto 1796) Die Geisterinsel
Die Geisterinsel
(1798 Reichardt) Die Geisterinsel
Die Geisterinsel
(1805 Zumsteeg) Der Sturm (1955 Martin) Noises, Sounds & Sweet Airs (1991 Nyman) The Tempest
The Tempest
(Adès 2004) The Enchanted Island (2011 Sams)

Poetry and prose fiction

Caliban
Caliban
upon Setebos (Browning) The Sea and the Mirror
The Sea and the Mirror
(Auden) Indigo (Warner) A Midsummer Tempest
A Midsummer Tempest
(Anderson) Island (Rogers) Hag-Seed (Atwood)

Phrases

"Ariel's Song" "Brave new world" "Ding Dong Bell" "Full fathom five" "Sea change" "What's past is prologue"

Sculpture

The Tempest
The Tempest
(1966)

Authority control

GND

.