Product (project management)
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project management Project management is the process of leading the work of a team A team is a group of individuals (human or non-human) working together to achieve their goal A goal is an idea In common usage and in philosophy Philosophy (f ...
under the
PRINCE2 PRINCE2 (PRojects IN Controlled Environments) is a structured project management Project management is the process of leading the work of a team A team is a group of individuals (human or non-human) working together to achieve their goal ...

PRINCE2
methodology, a product breakdown structure (PBS) is a tool for analysing, documenting and communicating the outcomes of a project, and forms part of the
product based planning Product-based planning is a fundamental part of the PRINCE2 PRINCE2 (PRojects IN Controlled Environments) is a structured project management Project management is the process of leading the work of a team A team is a group of individuals ...
technique. The PBS provides "an exhaustive, hierarchical
tree structure A tree structure, tree diagram, or tree model is a way of representing the hierarchical A hierarchy (from Ancient Greek, Greek: , from , 'president of sacred rites') is an arrangement of items (objects, names, values, categories, etc.) that a ...

tree structure
of
deliverable A deliverable is a tangible or intangible good or service produced as a result of a project A project (or program) is any undertaking, carried out individually or collaboratively and possibly involving research or design, that is carefully plan ...
s that make up the project, arranged in whole-part relationship" (Haughey, 2015).Duncan Haughey. (2015) ‘Project Management Tools’, Project Smart. Available from: https://www.projectsmart.co.uk/project-management-tools.php This diagrammatic representation of project outputs provides a clear and unambiguous statement of what the project is to deliver. The PBS is identical in format to the
work breakdown structure A work-breakdown structure (WBS) in project management and systems engineering is a deliverable-oriented breakdown of a project into smaller components. A work breakdown structure is a key project deliverable that organizes the team's work into ...
(WBS), but is a separate entity and is used at a different step in the planning process. The PBS precedes the WBS and focuses on cataloguing all the desired outputs (products) needed to achieve the goal of the project. This feeds into creation of the WBS, which identifies the tasks and activities required to deliver those outputs. Supporters of product based planning suggest that this overcomes difficulties that arise from assumptions about what to do and how to do it by focusing instead on the goals and objectives of the project – an oft-quoted analogy is that "PBS defines where you want to go, the WBS tells you how to get there".


Example

PBS of a computer (see image on right): * Main unit ** Housing ** Motherboard *** CPU *** RAM chips *** ... ** Hard disk drive ** Graphics card ** Sound card ** Network card * Monitor ** Display ** Housing ** Electronic components * Mouse ** Body ** Optical sensor ** Battery * Keyboard ** Keys


See also

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List of project management topics The following Outline (list), outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to project management: Project management – discipline of planning, organizing, securing, managing, leading, and controlling resources to achieve specific ...
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Product (business) In marketing, a product is an object or system made available for consumer use; it is anything that can be offered to a Market (economics), market to satisfy the desire or need of a customer. In retailing, products are often referred to as ''Me ...
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Product description In the PRINCE2 project management method, a product description (PDD) is a structured format that presents information about a product (project management), project product. It is a management product (document), usually created by the project man ...
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Product management Product management is an organisational function within a company dealing with new product development, business justification, planning, verification, forecasting, pricing, product launch, and marketing of a product or products at all stages ...
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Project management Project management is the process of leading the work of a team A team is a group of individuals (human or non-human) working together to achieve their goal A goal is an idea In common usage and in philosophy Philosophy (f ...
*
Work breakdown structure A work-breakdown structure (WBS) in project management and systems engineering is a deliverable-oriented breakdown of a project into smaller components. A work breakdown structure is a key project deliverable that organizes the team's work into ...
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Value breakdown structure A value breakdown structure (VBS) is a project management Project management is the process of leading the work of a team to achieve goals and meet success criteria at a specified time. The primary challenge of project management is to achieve al ...
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Product flow diagram The product flow diagram (PFD) is a representation of the order by which a sequence of products is created according to Product based planning principles. It is related to the product breakdown structure (PBS). The product flow diagram is a prescr ...


References


Further reading

* A Framework for Software Product Line Practic
Glossary

Product Breakdown Structure at PRINCE2 wiki
Project management techniques Product management PRINCE2